Therapists in 60302

Photo of Brittany Adams Yee, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Brittany Adams Yee
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. In therapy, I tend to take a collaborative, egalitarian approach to treatment. I am open and nonjudgmental, and I take special time to tailor treatment approaches to fit each individual therapeutic relationship. I practice from a predominately existential-phenomenological framework where individual needs, meaning-making, and pursuit of happiness are emphasized. I also incorporate elements of cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and attachment theory as needed.
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. In therapy, I tend to take a collaborative, egalitarian approach to treatment. I am open and nonjudgmental, and I take special time to tailor treatment approaches to fit each individual therapeutic relationship. I practice from a predominately existential-phenomenological framework where individual needs, meaning-making, and pursuit of happiness are emphasized. I also incorporate elements of cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and attachment theory as needed.
(708) 725-0434 View (708) 725-0434
Photo of Tiffany Rowland, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60302, IL
Tiffany Rowland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACM
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Have you been considering seeing a therapist? Or maybe you were recommended to meet with a therapist. Interested in modifying or changing some undesirable behaviors? If you are feeling the need to talk through some challenging situations...You've come to the right place!! I provide individual counseling support to adolescents and adults experiencing various challenges. Areas of specialty includes depression, anxiety, stress reduction, self-esteem/confidence, parenting education, and life skills. Are you ready to accept the challenge to address those behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and experiences? You have made the RIGHT CHOICE!!!
Have you been considering seeing a therapist? Or maybe you were recommended to meet with a therapist. Interested in modifying or changing some undesirable behaviors? If you are feeling the need to talk through some challenging situations...You've come to the right place!! I provide individual counseling support to adolescents and adults experiencing various challenges. Areas of specialty includes depression, anxiety, stress reduction, self-esteem/confidence, parenting education, and life skills. Are you ready to accept the challenge to address those behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and experiences? You have made the RIGHT CHOICE!!!
(708) 938-3291 View (708) 938-3291
Photo of Steven Parker, Marriage & Family Therapist in 60302, IL
Steven Parker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MEd, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
For over 40 years I have been successfully helping couples, families, and individuals change their lives for the better. My action-oriented approach begins changing unhealthy patterns of interaction immediately. It is my passion to help my clients find new strategies for dealing more positively with life's challenges in order to live happier and more fulfilling lives.
For over 40 years I have been successfully helping couples, families, and individuals change their lives for the better. My action-oriented approach begins changing unhealthy patterns of interaction immediately. It is my passion to help my clients find new strategies for dealing more positively with life's challenges in order to live happier and more fulfilling lives.
(708) 260-8972 View (708) 260-8972
Photo of Erika Gilyot-Montgomery, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Erika Gilyot-Montgomery
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist and Master Mindset Coach with 25 years of experience. My mission is to teach you how to shift your mindset from self-judgment, self-sabotage and emotional trauma, to learn strategies to heal, release emotional strongholds and let go of limiting beliefs to manifest a better life for yourself that you are so worthy and deserving of living. I believe everyone has the power within to change with honest self-awareness, a commitment to self-improvement and solution-focused strategies. Strict confidentiality and respect for individual differences is held in the highest regard.
I am a Clinical Psychologist and Master Mindset Coach with 25 years of experience. My mission is to teach you how to shift your mindset from self-judgment, self-sabotage and emotional trauma, to learn strategies to heal, release emotional strongholds and let go of limiting beliefs to manifest a better life for yourself that you are so worthy and deserving of living. I believe everyone has the power within to change with honest self-awareness, a commitment to self-improvement and solution-focused strategies. Strict confidentiality and respect for individual differences is held in the highest regard.
(773) 997-2527 View (773) 997-2527
Photo of Christine Deya, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Christine Deya
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
Now Accepting new clients (daytime hours 12pm-5pm). As humans, we experience an endless amount of transitions, highs, and lows that cumulatively come to define who we are. In this process, we may find ourselves struggling with anxiety, depression, and fear of the unknown. In an effort to cope with these challenges, we often develop patterns of thinking and behaving that don't serve us or honor our unique strengths and resiliency. In my practice, I work with individuals to create meaning from difficult experiences and to develop coping strategies that allow them to live with a greater sense of peace, personal power, and authenticity.
Now Accepting new clients (daytime hours 12pm-5pm). As humans, we experience an endless amount of transitions, highs, and lows that cumulatively come to define who we are. In this process, we may find ourselves struggling with anxiety, depression, and fear of the unknown. In an effort to cope with these challenges, we often develop patterns of thinking and behaving that don't serve us or honor our unique strengths and resiliency. In my practice, I work with individuals to create meaning from difficult experiences and to develop coping strategies that allow them to live with a greater sense of peace, personal power, and authenticity.
(585) 312-6839 View (585) 312-6839
Photo of Tamar Levinson, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Tamar Levinson
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
Hello! For over 30 years, I have worked with clients as a clinical psychologist providing a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental space for adolescents, adults, and couples of all genders and sexualities. My counseling focuses on embracing tools for self-empowerment, self-worth, self-compassion, self-care, and assertiveness through reclaiming parts of oneself to feel whole. Reaching out for therapy can be intimidating and my goal is to make this experience as comfortable, safe and welcoming as possible!
Hello! For over 30 years, I have worked with clients as a clinical psychologist providing a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental space for adolescents, adults, and couples of all genders and sexualities. My counseling focuses on embracing tools for self-empowerment, self-worth, self-compassion, self-care, and assertiveness through reclaiming parts of oneself to feel whole. Reaching out for therapy can be intimidating and my goal is to make this experience as comfortable, safe and welcoming as possible!
(773) 900-4586 View (773) 900-4586
Photo of Hannah Gaffney, Pre-Licensed Professional in 60302, IL
Hannah Gaffney
Pre-Licensed Professional, LSW
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
My ideal client is working with a family that is struggling to find a good fit with a therapist.
My ideal client is working with a family that is struggling to find a good fit with a therapist.
(708) 766-9130 View (708) 766-9130
Photo of Lee L. Madden, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Lee L. Madden
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
Providing a confidential, supportive environment where a client is heard and understood is extremely important, and I take this responsibility very seriously. Developing a relationship of trust is crucial to the process of change for clients of any age.
Providing a confidential, supportive environment where a client is heard and understood is extremely important, and I take this responsibility very seriously. Developing a relationship of trust is crucial to the process of change for clients of any age.
(708) 480-2349 View (708) 480-2349
Photo of Adam James Selkirk, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Adam James Selkirk
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
I approach my clinical work with a grounding in my deeply-held belief that all human beings have infinite worth. My goal for all individuals with whom I work is to support each person's path towards experiencing that worth within themselves. Having worked in the mental health field for the past 16 years with children, adolescents, adults, and families, I have utilized this philosophy to guide the process of therapy with individuals having a wide range of challenges, from autism spectrum disorders to struggles with mood and anxiety to relationship problems.
I approach my clinical work with a grounding in my deeply-held belief that all human beings have infinite worth. My goal for all individuals with whom I work is to support each person's path towards experiencing that worth within themselves. Having worked in the mental health field for the past 16 years with children, adolescents, adults, and families, I have utilized this philosophy to guide the process of therapy with individuals having a wide range of challenges, from autism spectrum disorders to struggles with mood and anxiety to relationship problems.
(773) 825-5078 View (773) 825-5078
Photo of Jaime Henry-Juravic, Marriage & Family Therapist in 60302, IL
Jaime Henry-Juravic
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
*No Current Availability* To seek therapy takes courage and curiosity. The process of therapy gives us the opportunity to explore the impact of the multiple systems with which we are connected- family, work, home, friends, community- in the context of an affirming relationship with the therapist. Through this process, we come to better understand how we have interacted with these systems over time, the strategies we have developed to navigate them successfully, and how these systems have impacted us, contributing to both opportunities and challenges.
*No Current Availability* To seek therapy takes courage and curiosity. The process of therapy gives us the opportunity to explore the impact of the multiple systems with which we are connected- family, work, home, friends, community- in the context of an affirming relationship with the therapist. Through this process, we come to better understand how we have interacted with these systems over time, the strategies we have developed to navigate them successfully, and how these systems have impacted us, contributing to both opportunities and challenges.
(773) 904-0328 View (773) 904-0328
Photo of Crystal Ward, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60302, IL
Crystal Ward
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
Reaching out for help can be difficult. It takes courage, vulnerability and hope to seek support and be open to seeing things from a new perspective. I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, and family coping. I work with adolescents, adults, families and couples to help them find greater fulfillment from life and relationships. My therapeutic style is warm, empathetic, culturally sensitive, strength based and client centered. As a former medical social worker, I am experienced in helping families cope through the many emotional and practical challenges a medical diagnosis and treatment can bring.
Reaching out for help can be difficult. It takes courage, vulnerability and hope to seek support and be open to seeing things from a new perspective. I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, and family coping. I work with adolescents, adults, families and couples to help them find greater fulfillment from life and relationships. My therapeutic style is warm, empathetic, culturally sensitive, strength based and client centered. As a former medical social worker, I am experienced in helping families cope through the many emotional and practical challenges a medical diagnosis and treatment can bring.
(708) 434-0084 View (708) 434-0084
Photo of Sheila Harris-Fitzpatrick, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in 60302, IL
Sheila Harris-Fitzpatrick
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC, NCC, DCC, PhD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
ONLINE COUNSELING AVAILABLE! Get counseling without going out. I specialized in remote online counseling. I have immediate openings for daytime, evening, and weekend appointments. My passion is working with individuals relating to grief and other life transitions; which include, employment exit strategies, career decisions while identifying gifts and talents, finding your life calling and coaching through life altering events. I am a excellent couples counselor and whether you are preparing for marriage or married, I can help you become better communicators and partners for life.
ONLINE COUNSELING AVAILABLE! Get counseling without going out. I specialized in remote online counseling. I have immediate openings for daytime, evening, and weekend appointments. My passion is working with individuals relating to grief and other life transitions; which include, employment exit strategies, career decisions while identifying gifts and talents, finding your life calling and coaching through life altering events. I am a excellent couples counselor and whether you are preparing for marriage or married, I can help you become better communicators and partners for life.
(630) 491-4239 View (630) 491-4239
Photo of Orson Morrison, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Orson Morrison
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I am co-owner and have worked extensively as an adolescent, adult, and couples therapist. My style is empathic, warm, and informative. At times, I am direct and challenging with clients in order to facilitate growth and insight. I draw upon relational, systems, and cognitive-behavioral approaches and tailor my treatment to each individual/couple's unique needs. My background/training, helps foster connections with people from various ethinicities, religions, and cultural identifications. I work with common adjustment concerns as well as with serious mental health issues.
LifeSpan Counseling & Psychological Services offers services to children, adolescents, adults, couples and families. I am co-owner and have worked extensively as an adolescent, adult, and couples therapist. My style is empathic, warm, and informative. At times, I am direct and challenging with clients in order to facilitate growth and insight. I draw upon relational, systems, and cognitive-behavioral approaches and tailor my treatment to each individual/couple's unique needs. My background/training, helps foster connections with people from various ethinicities, religions, and cultural identifications. I work with common adjustment concerns as well as with serious mental health issues.
(708) 325-8554 View (708) 325-8554
Photo of Lindsey Lemmen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60302, IL
Lindsey Lemmen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
I'm an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker with a Master's in Social Work from Aurora University. With over a decade of experience including inpatient and outpatient hospitals, chemical dependency, and non-profit organizations, I have a passion for working with adults of all ages. My areas of specialization include the treatment of depression, anxiety, relationship issues, couples therapy, life transitions, and caregiver burnout. I'm trained in both Gottman Level 1 and Level 2. My therapeutic approach is strength-based and tailored to your unique needs and pace.
I'm an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker with a Master's in Social Work from Aurora University. With over a decade of experience including inpatient and outpatient hospitals, chemical dependency, and non-profit organizations, I have a passion for working with adults of all ages. My areas of specialization include the treatment of depression, anxiety, relationship issues, couples therapy, life transitions, and caregiver burnout. I'm trained in both Gottman Level 1 and Level 2. My therapeutic approach is strength-based and tailored to your unique needs and pace.
(708) 367-6019 View (708) 367-6019
Photo of Michael S Applegate, Licensed Professional Counselor in 60302, IL
Michael S Applegate
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ATR
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
Not accepting new clients
Have you been feeling overwhelmed? Are you finding it difficult to manage all of life's stressors? Are you a parent that is concerned about Covid-19's impact on you child's well-being? If so, you are not alone. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Art Therapist. My areas of focus are children and adults with anxiety, depression, mood, or behavioral issues. I have clinical experience working in a therapeutic school for children with social, emotional, and intellectual disabilities. Additionally, I also work with veterans. As a veteran, I am uniquely qualified to help navigate the issues facing service-members.
Have you been feeling overwhelmed? Are you finding it difficult to manage all of life's stressors? Are you a parent that is concerned about Covid-19's impact on you child's well-being? If so, you are not alone. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Art Therapist. My areas of focus are children and adults with anxiety, depression, mood, or behavioral issues. I have clinical experience working in a therapeutic school for children with social, emotional, and intellectual disabilities. Additionally, I also work with veterans. As a veteran, I am uniquely qualified to help navigate the issues facing service-members.
(708) 942-8675 View (708) 942-8675
Photo of Garry Cooper, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60302, IL
Garry Cooper
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302
In over 35 years as a therapist and in writing my national column for 55,000 therapists about the latest ideas and research in therapy, I'm still convinced that good therapy comes down to this: listening as carefully as I can, trying to understand your world through your eyes, then using my knowledge and both our perspectives to help meet your goals, face your fears, grow and begin a process of learning that continues long after therapy's over. Everyone wants to connect; it begins with the first phone call in therapy and then continues outside my office.
In over 35 years as a therapist and in writing my national column for 55,000 therapists about the latest ideas and research in therapy, I'm still convinced that good therapy comes down to this: listening as carefully as I can, trying to understand your world through your eyes, then using my knowledge and both our perspectives to help meet your goals, face your fears, grow and begin a process of learning that continues long after therapy's over. Everyone wants to connect; it begins with the first phone call in therapy and then continues outside my office.
(708) 406-9989 View (708) 406-9989
Photo of Julie Nicholson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 60302, IL
Julie Nicholson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MPA
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
If you are considering therapy, you might be looking to improve your day-to-day experience, work through past issues that still bother you today, or manage symptoms that get in the way of your relationships and goals. Therapy can help you discover your inner strength and most important values, and help you find the power to guide yourself into a life you love. I work with individuals facing challenges ranging from grief, self-doubt, and relationship issues to depression, anxiety, trauma, and substance use. You may not know where to start, but together we can figure out the direction you want your therapeutic journey to take.
If you are considering therapy, you might be looking to improve your day-to-day experience, work through past issues that still bother you today, or manage symptoms that get in the way of your relationships and goals. Therapy can help you discover your inner strength and most important values, and help you find the power to guide yourself into a life you love. I work with individuals facing challenges ranging from grief, self-doubt, and relationship issues to depression, anxiety, trauma, and substance use. You may not know where to start, but together we can figure out the direction you want your therapeutic journey to take.
(708) 419-2169 View (708) 419-2169
Alix Reid
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
I meet people where they’re at. This might mean talking with a college student about how they can juggle classes, a job, and a social life while still helping out at home. It might mean listening to an adult about the stresses of in their life—unsupportive supervisors, fights with a partner, and the challenges of child care. Or it might mean empathizing with an older adult about how their retirement plans just hit a major bump in the road. My areas of interest include relationship issues, grief and loss, recovery from trauma, anxiety, and depression.
I meet people where they’re at. This might mean talking with a college student about how they can juggle classes, a job, and a social life while still helping out at home. It might mean listening to an adult about the stresses of in their life—unsupportive supervisors, fights with a partner, and the challenges of child care. Or it might mean empathizing with an older adult about how their retirement plans just hit a major bump in the road. My areas of interest include relationship issues, grief and loss, recovery from trauma, anxiety, and depression.
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Photo of Know. Grow. Heal., Inc., Psychologist in 60302, IL
Know. Grow. Heal., Inc.
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Park, IL 60302  (Online Only)
Whether in a life transition, seeking help for your child's emotional or academic difficulties, or healing from childhood adversity, Know. Grow. Heal., Inc. is here to help. We provide comprehensive psychological services for children, adolescents and adults in a warm, supportive and professional environment. All services are tailored to meet the unique needs of each client. We provide various trauma-informed psychotherapies that have common goals of building one's ability to cope, manage intense emotions, and strengthen skills to promote healing and well-being.
Whether in a life transition, seeking help for your child's emotional or academic difficulties, or healing from childhood adversity, Know. Grow. Heal., Inc. is here to help. We provide comprehensive psychological services for children, adolescents and adults in a warm, supportive and professional environment. All services are tailored to meet the unique needs of each client. We provide various trauma-informed psychotherapies that have common goals of building one's ability to cope, manage intense emotions, and strengthen skills to promote healing and well-being.
(773) 823-0547 View (773) 823-0547
Photo of Annemarie Slobig, Psychologist in 60302, IL
Annemarie Slobig
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60302
Not accepting new clients
My primary interest as a psychologist lies in understanding the factors that will allow you to take better care of yourself and to enjoy positive and constructive relationships. My deeply respectful approach to psychotherapy will allow you to make good choices and feel good about them. This kind of therapy allows you to achieve more successful and enjoyable relationships with partners, friends, and professional contacts. I specialize in adult and adolescent psychotherapy for depression, anxiety, trauma, and issues of spirituality and social and cultural identity. I approach each therapy relationship individually, customizing the treatment to meet your specific needs.
My primary interest as a psychologist lies in understanding the factors that will allow you to take better care of yourself and to enjoy positive and constructive relationships. My deeply respectful approach to psychotherapy will allow you to make good choices and feel good about them. This kind of therapy allows you to achieve more successful and enjoyable relationships with partners, friends, and professional contacts. I specialize in adult and adolescent psychotherapy for depression, anxiety, trauma, and issues of spirituality and social and cultural identity. I approach each therapy relationship individually, customizing the treatment to meet your specific needs.
(708) 303-8985 View (708) 303-8985

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 60302

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 60302 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
66% Grief
63% Coping Skills
62% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
54% Aetna
46% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 60302 see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 60302?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.