Photo of Mary Hope Mitchell, LPC, Counselor
Mary Hope Mitchell
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
Mary, a Licensed Professional Counselor, has a combined 21 years experience working with children, adolescents, families and adults, within a special education department and over the last few years in a clinical outpatient setting. She works closely with parents and families to help identify goals and relevant behavioral changes. Her theoretical background draws mainly from cognitive behavioral therapy, but she also uses mindfulness, client focused techniques and goal oriented strategies. She believes in treatment that focuses on identifying and relieving the dysfunctional symptoms that bring clients to therapy. She engages in a personalized approach that is compassionate and authentic.
Mary, a Licensed Professional Counselor, has a combined 21 years experience working with children, adolescents, families and adults, within a special education department and over the last few years in a clinical outpatient setting. She works closely with parents and families to help identify goals and relevant behavioral changes. Her theoretical background draws mainly from cognitive behavioral therapy, but she also uses mindfulness, client focused techniques and goal oriented strategies. She believes in treatment that focuses on identifying and relieving the dysfunctional symptoms that bring clients to therapy. She engages in a personalized approach that is compassionate and authentic.
(312) 697-1592 View (312) 697-1592
Photo of Dr. Amelia Swanson, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Amelia Swanson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076  (Online Only)
Do you feel stuck on a roller coaster of hope and disappointment? Are you exhausted trying to stay positive while struggling to cope day to day? Are you devastated when you find out a friend had a second (or third) child while you have been desperately trying to have one? Do you avoid friends and family because you feel heartbroken and jealous of their pregnancies? Do you worry that stress is the reason you aren’t pregnant? Stress doesn't cause infertility - but infertility does cause stress. You can learn ways to cope with the stress of infertility and you deserve to enjoy your life!
Do you feel stuck on a roller coaster of hope and disappointment? Are you exhausted trying to stay positive while struggling to cope day to day? Are you devastated when you find out a friend had a second (or third) child while you have been desperately trying to have one? Do you avoid friends and family because you feel heartbroken and jealous of their pregnancies? Do you worry that stress is the reason you aren’t pregnant? Stress doesn't cause infertility - but infertility does cause stress. You can learn ways to cope with the stress of infertility and you deserve to enjoy your life!
(773) 570-2604 View (773) 570-2604
Photo of Timothy Morrill - Associates In Psychiatric Wellness, ARNP, CAP, ICADC
Associates In Psychiatric Wellness
ARNP, CAP, ICADC
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
We, at Associates In Psychiatric Wellness have a deep belief that there is always hope !! We believe no person should stand alone in their quest for mental health, clean, sober lifestyle, and improved quality of life. Client centered medication management, counseling and therapy offer a chance to become the person you were born to be.
We, at Associates In Psychiatric Wellness have a deep belief that there is always hope !! We believe no person should stand alone in their quest for mental health, clean, sober lifestyle, and improved quality of life. Client centered medication management, counseling and therapy offer a chance to become the person you were born to be.
(813) 534-6553 View (813) 534-6553
Photo of Mark Pletcher, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Mark Pletcher
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
People often search for a therapist when they feel like they've tried everything and it's just not working well enough. It can be hard to see a situation clearly when you've been immersed in it for so long. I help people to take a step back, so they can see things more objectively. Through psychotherapy, people can find internal strength and resources they didn't know were there. They can then start to see new perspectives, both of themselves and their situations, and can begin to make changes.
People often search for a therapist when they feel like they've tried everything and it's just not working well enough. It can be hard to see a situation clearly when you've been immersed in it for so long. I help people to take a step back, so they can see things more objectively. Through psychotherapy, people can find internal strength and resources they didn't know were there. They can then start to see new perspectives, both of themselves and their situations, and can begin to make changes.
(847) 629-0487 View (847) 629-0487
Photo of Alaina Murphy, LCPC
Alaina Murphy
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
Open to seeing clients of all ages and presenting concerns, I specialize in treating mood and anxiety issues in teens and adults. My aim is to practice therapy that works! Therapy that is evidenced-based, goal-driven, and collaborative. I will work with you to identify concerns, create transparent treatment plans, and efficiently move toward healing and growth.
Open to seeing clients of all ages and presenting concerns, I specialize in treating mood and anxiety issues in teens and adults. My aim is to practice therapy that works! Therapy that is evidenced-based, goal-driven, and collaborative. I will work with you to identify concerns, create transparent treatment plans, and efficiently move toward healing and growth.
(847) 232-7315 View (847) 232-7315
Photo of Fred Lee Armstrong, MA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Fred Lee Armstrong
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076  (Online Only)
There are times when we feel alone in our attempt to deal with emotions that have taken control over our ability to live a quality life. Depression, anxiety, stress, loss, sadness, gender issues/identity, self-esteem, life transitions, traumas, and an array of other challenges can leave an individual feeling alone, hopeless, and emotionally paralyzed. The strength of building the right therapeutic relationship and the importance of acceptance without judgment in a safe space is paramount to mental wellness. I am here to be a guide and walk alongside you as we move closer to the life that you have envisioned.
There are times when we feel alone in our attempt to deal with emotions that have taken control over our ability to live a quality life. Depression, anxiety, stress, loss, sadness, gender issues/identity, self-esteem, life transitions, traumas, and an array of other challenges can leave an individual feeling alone, hopeless, and emotionally paralyzed. The strength of building the right therapeutic relationship and the importance of acceptance without judgment in a safe space is paramount to mental wellness. I am here to be a guide and walk alongside you as we move closer to the life that you have envisioned.
(224) 496-6603 View (224) 496-6603
Photo of Shaina Campbell, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Shaina Campbell
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076
Sometimes it can be hard to begin to understand where your thoughts and feelings are coming from. They can be so overwhelming that you just want to run away from them. Therapy can help you begin to find some order in the chaos. Together we will work to develop insight around the underlying sources of feelings of worry, sadness, despair, anger, etc. I strive to provide a safe, warm, judgement free space where you can feel fully comfortable delving into your inner thoughts and feelings while working towards lasting positive change.
Sometimes it can be hard to begin to understand where your thoughts and feelings are coming from. They can be so overwhelming that you just want to run away from them. Therapy can help you begin to find some order in the chaos. Together we will work to develop insight around the underlying sources of feelings of worry, sadness, despair, anger, etc. I strive to provide a safe, warm, judgement free space where you can feel fully comfortable delving into your inner thoughts and feelings while working towards lasting positive change.
(224) 504-1215 View (224) 504-1215
Photo of Michele Jonas, PhD, Psychologist
Michele Jonas
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076
Waitlist for new clients
Being a human is hard! But you don’t have to manage it all by yourself. The beauty of therapy is having someone who can help you carry your load, and maybe even lighten it. I enjoy working with individuals and families from diverse backgrounds and of all ages. I have extensive experience helping children, adolescents, and adults navigate challenges related to ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, OCD, anxiety, depression, romantic and family relationships, stress, attachment, self-regulation, and adjustment to life changes.
Being a human is hard! But you don’t have to manage it all by yourself. The beauty of therapy is having someone who can help you carry your load, and maybe even lighten it. I enjoy working with individuals and families from diverse backgrounds and of all ages. I have extensive experience helping children, adolescents, and adults navigate challenges related to ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, OCD, anxiety, depression, romantic and family relationships, stress, attachment, self-regulation, and adjustment to life changes.
(847) 558-7979 View (847) 558-7979
Photo of Dr. Plamena Daskalova, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Plamena Daskalova
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076  (Online Only)
Welcome! I specialize in addressing mood concerns (e.g., anxiety, depression), family-of-origin difficulties, and relational traumas. I have over a decade of experience working in different settings, including community and hospital clinics, three university counseling centers, and private practice. I work with individuals and couples across the lifespan, and I have particular expertise in supporting undergraduate and graduate students, as well as early career professionals. Given my research and clinical training in career development, I frequently work with clients navigating work transitions and high-stress occupations.
Welcome! I specialize in addressing mood concerns (e.g., anxiety, depression), family-of-origin difficulties, and relational traumas. I have over a decade of experience working in different settings, including community and hospital clinics, three university counseling centers, and private practice. I work with individuals and couples across the lifespan, and I have particular expertise in supporting undergraduate and graduate students, as well as early career professionals. Given my research and clinical training in career development, I frequently work with clients navigating work transitions and high-stress occupations.
(312) 872-8164 View (312) 872-8164
Photo of Zaynah Farooq, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Zaynah Farooq
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076  (Online Only)
As a second-generation woman of color, I have extensive experience working with clients from various diverse backgrounds. Some of my specialties include PTSD, complex/intergenerational trauma, religious trauma, anxiety, depression, adjustment issues, family/relationship conflicts, postpartum issues, self-esteem, stress, etc. Coming from a community health background, I invest in the needs of clients that come from traditionally underserved communities. I also have considerable experience and strengths in spiritually-integrated holistic psychotherapy, incorporating values one holds into their therapeutic needs and goals.
As a second-generation woman of color, I have extensive experience working with clients from various diverse backgrounds. Some of my specialties include PTSD, complex/intergenerational trauma, religious trauma, anxiety, depression, adjustment issues, family/relationship conflicts, postpartum issues, self-esteem, stress, etc. Coming from a community health background, I invest in the needs of clients that come from traditionally underserved communities. I also have considerable experience and strengths in spiritually-integrated holistic psychotherapy, incorporating values one holds into their therapeutic needs and goals.
(312) 624-6220 View (312) 624-6220
Photo of Carolyn A Barsano, PsyD, Psychologist
Carolyn A Barsano
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
As a Licensed Clinical Psychologist, I enjoy working with people of all ages. I am experienced in treating a wide range of clinical issues with children, adolescents, adults, and families, including anxiety, depression, issues of self-esteem, grief and loss, attention deficit and hyperactivity concerns, difficulties in school or work, and life transitions, as well as providing advocacy and psychoeducation to parents and caregivers.
As a Licensed Clinical Psychologist, I enjoy working with people of all ages. I am experienced in treating a wide range of clinical issues with children, adolescents, adults, and families, including anxiety, depression, issues of self-esteem, grief and loss, attention deficit and hyperactivity concerns, difficulties in school or work, and life transitions, as well as providing advocacy and psychoeducation to parents and caregivers.
(773) 796-3990 View (773) 796-3990
Photo of Emily Carlino, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily Carlino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076
I specialize in treating anxiety and mood disorders in teens, young adults and adults. I am passionate about Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention as well as other evidenced-based treatment modalities. I highly value autonomy, transparency and collaboration in the therapeutic relationship. I want my clients to be at the forefront of treatment planning and goal setting. My hope is to give you the tools and space to work toward mastery and enhance your confidence and resilience!
I specialize in treating anxiety and mood disorders in teens, young adults and adults. I am passionate about Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention as well as other evidenced-based treatment modalities. I highly value autonomy, transparency and collaboration in the therapeutic relationship. I want my clients to be at the forefront of treatment planning and goal setting. My hope is to give you the tools and space to work toward mastery and enhance your confidence and resilience!
(224) 298-8424 View (224) 298-8424
Photo of Sarah Rees Riley - North Shore Center for ADHD and Learning, PsyD
North Shore Center for ADHD and Learning
PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Skokie, IL 60076
We all learn and grow in our own unique ways. We have strengths and challenges, and need to understand them to be successful. The North Shore Center for ADHD and Learning offers an opportunity to learn about your unique talents and needs, in order to maximize your potential. Our biopsychosocial approach integrates an initial comprehensive assessment followed by recommendations for various treatment and educational interventions. The treatment plan can include pharmacological (medication) and behavioral approaches to ADHD and learning disorders.
We all learn and grow in our own unique ways. We have strengths and challenges, and need to understand them to be successful. The North Shore Center for ADHD and Learning offers an opportunity to learn about your unique talents and needs, in order to maximize your potential. Our biopsychosocial approach integrates an initial comprehensive assessment followed by recommendations for various treatment and educational interventions. The treatment plan can include pharmacological (medication) and behavioral approaches to ADHD and learning disorders.
(847) 278-9507 View (847) 278-9507
Photo of Hannah Jones-Lewis, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Hannah Jones-Lewis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076  (Online Only)
I believe in the profound power of resiliency and that we all have the capacity to heal, to recover, and to thrive after we endure painful experiences, loss, and trauma. I am committed to the co-creation of a safe and trusting relationship that can support healing connection and an understanding of how to re-engage in relationships with new awareness. Whether you have experienced some recent stressors or are working to heal from bigger losses and trauma, I can support you in navigating what comes next.
I believe in the profound power of resiliency and that we all have the capacity to heal, to recover, and to thrive after we endure painful experiences, loss, and trauma. I am committed to the co-creation of a safe and trusting relationship that can support healing connection and an understanding of how to re-engage in relationships with new awareness. Whether you have experienced some recent stressors or are working to heal from bigger losses and trauma, I can support you in navigating what comes next.
(224) 203-5238 View (224) 203-5238
Photo of Lynn Renee Zakeri, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lynn Renee Zakeri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
I often say it is my job to help make life better. Whether you are worrying too much (anxiety), feeling sad (depression), or dealing with trauma, I will do just that: Help make life better. I have experience with children, adolescents, adults and families and have worked in both the school system and in full-time private practice. My style is practical, and focuses a lot on coping mechanisms and strategies. I have had much success working on a variety of issues as noted below. I enjoy assisting in the progress and achievement of attaining goals. My COVID mission has been "always an opening" and now have associates too!
I often say it is my job to help make life better. Whether you are worrying too much (anxiety), feeling sad (depression), or dealing with trauma, I will do just that: Help make life better. I have experience with children, adolescents, adults and families and have worked in both the school system and in full-time private practice. My style is practical, and focuses a lot on coping mechanisms and strategies. I have had much success working on a variety of issues as noted below. I enjoy assisting in the progress and achievement of attaining goals. My COVID mission has been "always an opening" and now have associates too!
(847) 250-7989 View (847) 250-7989
Photo of Dr. Steven Neren, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Steven Neren
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
Do you feel unfulfilled, in a rut, anxious, depressed or just frustrated that your not living your life to your full potential? Do you feel dissatisfied with your relationships or with your job or career? Do you feel that there is more to life and that you wish you could get more focused and motivated and have more meaning and purpose in your life? I have helped many people with these types of struggles and challenges and I feel that I can be of help to you as well.
Do you feel unfulfilled, in a rut, anxious, depressed or just frustrated that your not living your life to your full potential? Do you feel dissatisfied with your relationships or with your job or career? Do you feel that there is more to life and that you wish you could get more focused and motivated and have more meaning and purpose in your life? I have helped many people with these types of struggles and challenges and I feel that I can be of help to you as well.
(847) 226-1008 View (847) 226-1008
Photo of Ellen Kraemer, PsyD, Psychologist
Ellen Kraemer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
When life becomes difficult or overwhelming, reaching out for professional support can be intimidating, but worth it in the end! I'd love to be able to walk with you through this challenging time in your life. As a therapist, I am relational and tailor treatment to your unique needs. I have years of experience working with adults, couples, adolescents and children. As a Licensed Clinical Psychologist I have been in practice since 1998. I earned my doctorate degree in Clinical Psychology from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology, and trained at University of Chicago Hospitals and Northwestern Memorial Hospital.
When life becomes difficult or overwhelming, reaching out for professional support can be intimidating, but worth it in the end! I'd love to be able to walk with you through this challenging time in your life. As a therapist, I am relational and tailor treatment to your unique needs. I have years of experience working with adults, couples, adolescents and children. As a Licensed Clinical Psychologist I have been in practice since 1998. I earned my doctorate degree in Clinical Psychology from the Illinois School of Professional Psychology, and trained at University of Chicago Hospitals and Northwestern Memorial Hospital.
(847) 686-3081 View (847) 686-3081
Photo of Andrea Varol, LCSW, CADC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Andrea Varol
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CADC
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
I love working with individuals who are struggling to break free of old habits, patterns of behavior, or relationships that are no longer serving them. Often it takes getting to the "end of our rope" with things to find that we have the most motivation to change. Making changes can be really scary and anxiety provoking, even when we know what we've been doing up until this point isn't working. I like being that supportive partner that helps a client figure out what isn't working, what they might like to change, and how. I value moving at a client's pace, in their direction, and in pursuit of their own vision for their life.
I love working with individuals who are struggling to break free of old habits, patterns of behavior, or relationships that are no longer serving them. Often it takes getting to the "end of our rope" with things to find that we have the most motivation to change. Making changes can be really scary and anxiety provoking, even when we know what we've been doing up until this point isn't working. I like being that supportive partner that helps a client figure out what isn't working, what they might like to change, and how. I value moving at a client's pace, in their direction, and in pursuit of their own vision for their life.
(847) 232-6742 View (847) 232-6742
Photo of Julie Friedman, PhD, Psychologist
Julie Friedman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, Night Eating Syndrome, Traumatic Stress, PTSD, and Borderline Personality Disorder. I am particularly interested in the relationship between traumatic stress and eating pathology as well as trauma and sleep. I also specialize in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, DBT PE, Exposure and Response Prevention, Cognitive Processing Therapy, Written Exposure Therapy, Prolonged Exposure, and EMDR. I am an Assistant Professor at the Northwestern University Medical School in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, Night Eating Syndrome, Traumatic Stress, PTSD, and Borderline Personality Disorder. I am particularly interested in the relationship between traumatic stress and eating pathology as well as trauma and sleep. I also specialize in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, DBT PE, Exposure and Response Prevention, Cognitive Processing Therapy, Written Exposure Therapy, Prolonged Exposure, and EMDR. I am an Assistant Professor at the Northwestern University Medical School in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.
(312) 625-1619 View (312) 625-1619
Photo of Shira Kirshner, PsyD, Psychologist
Shira Kirshner
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Skokie, IL 60076
You are unique. Therefore, the struggles you are experiencing are unique as well. A one-size-fits-all approach to therapy will not work for you because no person is alike. Each individual has a unique set of experiences, values, context, goals, and needs. I work to tailor the therapy process to meet the needs of my client. Together, in a judgment-free and supportive environment, we explore what aspects are contributing to your discomfort. My goal, as your therapist, is to understand you within your unique situation to provide individualized care for what matters most to you.
You are unique. Therefore, the struggles you are experiencing are unique as well. A one-size-fits-all approach to therapy will not work for you because no person is alike. Each individual has a unique set of experiences, values, context, goals, and needs. I work to tailor the therapy process to meet the needs of my client. Together, in a judgment-free and supportive environment, we explore what aspects are contributing to your discomfort. My goal, as your therapist, is to understand you within your unique situation to provide individualized care for what matters most to you.
(224) 765-9115 View (224) 765-9115

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 60076

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 60076 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
92% Depression
82% Self Esteem
79% Relationship Issues
71% Coping Skills
69% Stress
66% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% BlueCross and BlueShield
55% Aetna
42% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 60076 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 60076?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.