Therapists in 55101

Photo of Sacred Spaces Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55101, MN
Sacred Spaces Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Congratulations on taking that first step in seeking a qualified therapist! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with individuals, families, and couples. As your therapist, I will offer you a safe space to express yourself and be heard- judgment-free. I use a collaborative approach in working with my clients because your voice matters. Let me help guide and coach you through the challenges you struggle with.
Congratulations on taking that first step in seeking a qualified therapist! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with individuals, families, and couples. As your therapist, I will offer you a safe space to express yourself and be heard- judgment-free. I use a collaborative approach in working with my clients because your voice matters. Let me help guide and coach you through the challenges you struggle with.
(651) 349-6803 View (651) 349-6803
Photo of Art of Counseling, PLLC in 55101, MN
Art of Counseling, PLLC
MA, ATR-BC, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55101
I have experience with trauma, sever mental illness and life transitions. I work at my client's pace and follow the road they take in therapy. My approach is to give gentle guidance, educate, and creatively blend a holistic trauma-informed stance, which is the best success for healing. The creative process, through visual art and storytelling, opens up the unconscious mind, cleansing emotional pain while giving a common universal language. I explore with the client many curiosities of the human condition. Helping to connect the behaviors that motivate us to balance our individual strengths and inherit capacity for good social interest.
I have experience with trauma, sever mental illness and life transitions. I work at my client's pace and follow the road they take in therapy. My approach is to give gentle guidance, educate, and creatively blend a holistic trauma-informed stance, which is the best success for healing. The creative process, through visual art and storytelling, opens up the unconscious mind, cleansing emotional pain while giving a common universal language. I explore with the client many curiosities of the human condition. Helping to connect the behaviors that motivate us to balance our individual strengths and inherit capacity for good social interest.
(651) 318-0109 View (651) 318-0109
Photo of Jessie Cylkowski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Jessie Cylkowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
My practice has multiple providers taking new patients. We provide a space where you can express yourself without fear of judgment. The goal is to understand your experience and work to see things in a new light in order to bring a renewed sense of hope. Establishing a strong toolbox of coping skills along with raised awareness of what brought you into therapy can bring a stronger sense of empowerment for positive change. I believe everyone has the ability to navigate what life throws at us and make meaning from those challenges. "Difficult roads often lead to beautiful destinations. The best is yet to come.” ― Zig Ziglar
My practice has multiple providers taking new patients. We provide a space where you can express yourself without fear of judgment. The goal is to understand your experience and work to see things in a new light in order to bring a renewed sense of hope. Establishing a strong toolbox of coping skills along with raised awareness of what brought you into therapy can bring a stronger sense of empowerment for positive change. I believe everyone has the ability to navigate what life throws at us and make meaning from those challenges. "Difficult roads often lead to beautiful destinations. The best is yet to come.” ― Zig Ziglar
(651) 362-4061 View (651) 362-4061
Photo of Melissa Conway, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Melissa Conway
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
Accepting NEW patients for Telehealth! I enjoy working with people of all ages, from early childhood to end of life. I specialize in crisis management and emergency mental health, risk assessments, safety planning, self-harm, and suicidal ideation. I also have extensive experience in helping individuals and families manage symptoms related to anxiety, depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, psychosis, family or relationship stress, parenting stress, work stress, life transitions and adjustment, grief, and other life stressors.
Accepting NEW patients for Telehealth! I enjoy working with people of all ages, from early childhood to end of life. I specialize in crisis management and emergency mental health, risk assessments, safety planning, self-harm, and suicidal ideation. I also have extensive experience in helping individuals and families manage symptoms related to anxiety, depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, psychosis, family or relationship stress, parenting stress, work stress, life transitions and adjustment, grief, and other life stressors.
(612) 662-0641 View (612) 662-0641
Photo of John Adams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
John Adams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Life can be tough, each of us needs a support system to walk with us through the bumps. We all have unique challenges: depression, anxiety, family issues, trauma, questions about identity, relationship or sexual issues. Staying solution and healing focused is at the core of my work. I will help you in understanding and appreciating all of who you are and how to work with internal and external stressors. A healthy relationship with yourself is the most important relationship in your life; this amazing relationship will bring peace, healing and understanding.
Life can be tough, each of us needs a support system to walk with us through the bumps. We all have unique challenges: depression, anxiety, family issues, trauma, questions about identity, relationship or sexual issues. Staying solution and healing focused is at the core of my work. I will help you in understanding and appreciating all of who you are and how to work with internal and external stressors. A healthy relationship with yourself is the most important relationship in your life; this amazing relationship will bring peace, healing and understanding.
(651) 412-1569 View (651) 412-1569
Photo of Hafia Gray, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55101, MN
Hafia Gray
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Waitlist for new clients
UPDATE: My therapy caseload is currently full. Namaste! My name is Hafia and I have passionately worked in the mental health/social services field for over 15 years. I hold professional licenses in drug and alcohol counseling (LADC) and professional clinical counseling (LPCC). I believe in taking a supportive, person-centered approach when working with clients, and I keep trauma-conscious practices at the forefront of my clinical and community work.
UPDATE: My therapy caseload is currently full. Namaste! My name is Hafia and I have passionately worked in the mental health/social services field for over 15 years. I hold professional licenses in drug and alcohol counseling (LADC) and professional clinical counseling (LPCC). I believe in taking a supportive, person-centered approach when working with clients, and I keep trauma-conscious practices at the forefront of my clinical and community work.
(651) 240-2909 View (651) 240-2909
Photo of Juliana Thrall, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55101, MN
Juliana Thrall
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MPS, LPCC, ATR-BC, CCTP
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I believe in fostering creative imagination and illuminating the stories found within. I aim to find belongingness and connection with clients where storytelling through art and expression becomes an active process of investigating our perceptions, identities, and communications more effectively through the forms and symbols we make. Supporting, challenging, and witnessing clients' journeys of re-creation is the starting place where I can begin to help clients find healing and freedom in their present circumstances.
I believe in fostering creative imagination and illuminating the stories found within. I aim to find belongingness and connection with clients where storytelling through art and expression becomes an active process of investigating our perceptions, identities, and communications more effectively through the forms and symbols we make. Supporting, challenging, and witnessing clients' journeys of re-creation is the starting place where I can begin to help clients find healing and freedom in their present circumstances.
(651) 376-3934 View (651) 376-3934
Photo of Radias Health, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Radias Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
RADIAS Health is home to several programs located in downtown St Paul. Our professional staff see clients with a wide variety of concerns ranging from anxiety, grief, relationships and mood disorders. We have a state-certified DBT Program; Outpatient Behavioral Health Clinic and our newest program Compass. Compass provides treatment to individuals experiencing a first episode of non-affective psychosis. Our programs provide a collaborative team-based approach. We believe in partnering with clients' needs in a culturally sensitive, person-centered care.
RADIAS Health is home to several programs located in downtown St Paul. Our professional staff see clients with a wide variety of concerns ranging from anxiety, grief, relationships and mood disorders. We have a state-certified DBT Program; Outpatient Behavioral Health Clinic and our newest program Compass. Compass provides treatment to individuals experiencing a first episode of non-affective psychosis. Our programs provide a collaborative team-based approach. We believe in partnering with clients' needs in a culturally sensitive, person-centered care.
(651) 504-0255 View (651) 504-0255
Photo of Jeffrey Raich, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Jeffrey Raich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Life is hard. That’s pretty clear. But it’s made all the more difficult for those who are autistic, carry trauma, or are within the LGBTQIA+ community. The difficulty is unique. Whether it’s having an invisible disability, not being able to trust others, or fighting for acceptance, the ability to navigate life can be challenging. There’s hope. And I can help. Together we will work through the stories you’ve been taught, the expectations you’ve had to meet, and the experiences that brought you further and further from yourself.
Life is hard. That’s pretty clear. But it’s made all the more difficult for those who are autistic, carry trauma, or are within the LGBTQIA+ community. The difficulty is unique. Whether it’s having an invisible disability, not being able to trust others, or fighting for acceptance, the ability to navigate life can be challenging. There’s hope. And I can help. Together we will work through the stories you’ve been taught, the expectations you’ve had to meet, and the experiences that brought you further and further from yourself.
(651) 615-4686 View (651) 615-4686
Photo of Amanda Stranko, Counselor in 55101, MN
Amanda Stranko
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
Since entering the field five years ago, I have worked with clients around general mental health concerns and healthy sexuality, especially the impacts this can have on a person's mental health. Our goals will be to discover healthy and appropriate coping skills to managing mental health concerns. In doing so, you will have a better understanding of yourself and the concerns that bought you to see me.
Since entering the field five years ago, I have worked with clients around general mental health concerns and healthy sexuality, especially the impacts this can have on a person's mental health. Our goals will be to discover healthy and appropriate coping skills to managing mental health concerns. In doing so, you will have a better understanding of yourself and the concerns that bought you to see me.
(651) 427-1137 x100 View (651) 427-1137 x100
Photo of Kau Queeglay, Counselor in 55101, MN
Kau Queeglay
Counselor, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Not Accepting New Clients Having worked with people from various cultures and all walks of life, I have come to realize one commonality which is the fact that we all experience challenges. These challenges show up at work, with family, and even just within ourselves and it can be hard to face them. In collaborating with others to address mental health, chemical dependency struggles, and even relational difficulties, I have met and sat with many people in need of coping tools.
Not Accepting New Clients Having worked with people from various cultures and all walks of life, I have come to realize one commonality which is the fact that we all experience challenges. These challenges show up at work, with family, and even just within ourselves and it can be hard to face them. In collaborating with others to address mental health, chemical dependency struggles, and even relational difficulties, I have met and sat with many people in need of coping tools.
(612) 268-6228 View (612) 268-6228
Photo of William Schultz, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55101, MN
William Schultz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Wondering if you have OCD? Looking for OCD treatment (such as ERP)? Signs of OCD include anxiously asking "What if..." questions like: What if I contact a germ in the environment? What if I left the stove on? What if I hit someone with my car? What if I uncontrollably do something terrible? What if something bad happens to my baby? What if I can't trust my memory? If these questions are frequently on your mind (especially if you're often anxious, repetitively check, seek reassurance, or avoid situations most others don't), you could be experiencing symptoms of OCD, a form of anxiety which can take over your life.
Wondering if you have OCD? Looking for OCD treatment (such as ERP)? Signs of OCD include anxiously asking "What if..." questions like: What if I contact a germ in the environment? What if I left the stove on? What if I hit someone with my car? What if I uncontrollably do something terrible? What if something bad happens to my baby? What if I can't trust my memory? If these questions are frequently on your mind (especially if you're often anxious, repetitively check, seek reassurance, or avoid situations most others don't), you could be experiencing symptoms of OCD, a form of anxiety which can take over your life.
(651) 927-7939 View (651) 927-7939
Photo of Jamie Vander Velden, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Jamie Vander Velden
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
I work with people from the ages of 12 to 100! I specialize in trauma and use a solution focused approach. I am trained in EMDR and love seeing the small successes clients achieve. I also offer clinical supervision.
I work with people from the ages of 12 to 100! I specialize in trauma and use a solution focused approach. I am trained in EMDR and love seeing the small successes clients achieve. I also offer clinical supervision.
(320) 322-6213 View (320) 322-6213
Photo of Davis Maxwell Shryer, Counselor in 55101, MN
Davis Maxwell Shryer
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Thank you for taking the time to read this. I believe in the dignity of all people. Every client has a story that needs to be told in a safe and trustworthy environment. The typical client I see has a personal story that typically involves addiction, either his/her own or someone in the family. In addition, clients often experience issues with depression or anxiety. Every problem has a solution and it my job to help you find the answer, both immediate and long-term. My goal is to help you live a safer, happier and more healthy life. I promise our time together will be respectful, safe and productive.
Thank you for taking the time to read this. I believe in the dignity of all people. Every client has a story that needs to be told in a safe and trustworthy environment. The typical client I see has a personal story that typically involves addiction, either his/her own or someone in the family. In addition, clients often experience issues with depression or anxiety. Every problem has a solution and it my job to help you find the answer, both immediate and long-term. My goal is to help you live a safer, happier and more healthy life. I promise our time together will be respectful, safe and productive.
(651) 504-8633 View (651) 504-8633
Photo of Monica Austerlitz, Counselor in 55101, MN
Monica Austerlitz
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
Working with a spirit of solidarity and using an insight oriented approach I help adults of all backgrounds gain insight, build confidence, and make meaningful life changes. My areas of expertise include anxiety, depression, grief, trauma, abuse, relationship conflict, and relapse prevention. I strive to create an atmosphere of trust and comfort and to establish a strong therapeutic alliance. I have a keen awareness of diversity and multicultural issues, and the ability to work comfortably and respectfully with clients regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation.
Working with a spirit of solidarity and using an insight oriented approach I help adults of all backgrounds gain insight, build confidence, and make meaningful life changes. My areas of expertise include anxiety, depression, grief, trauma, abuse, relationship conflict, and relapse prevention. I strive to create an atmosphere of trust and comfort and to establish a strong therapeutic alliance. I have a keen awareness of diversity and multicultural issues, and the ability to work comfortably and respectfully with clients regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation.
(651) 321-5574 View (651) 321-5574
Photo of Twin Cities Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55101, MN
Twin Cities Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55101
I work with couples, families, individual adults and teens struggling with ADD/ADHD, the effects of anxiety, self-esteem, adjustment difficulties, depression, bipolar, and trauma. And I work with parents whose children struggle with these presentations. I also work with individuals and families struggling against the effects of general parenting and adolescent issues, strained family and couple relationships, general mental health therapy as well as job-related stressors and life transitions, such as college, job and career change, retirement, divorce, cohabitation, remarriage, and step-parenting.
I work with couples, families, individual adults and teens struggling with ADD/ADHD, the effects of anxiety, self-esteem, adjustment difficulties, depression, bipolar, and trauma. And I work with parents whose children struggle with these presentations. I also work with individuals and families struggling against the effects of general parenting and adolescent issues, strained family and couple relationships, general mental health therapy as well as job-related stressors and life transitions, such as college, job and career change, retirement, divorce, cohabitation, remarriage, and step-parenting.
(612) 400-8393 View (612) 400-8393
Photo of Lisa Warner Of Warner Counseling Associates, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55101, MN
Lisa Warner Of Warner Counseling Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
My name is Lisa Warner. I have had the wonderful pleasure of working with a community mental health clinic in Washington County for the past 10 years. Through my experience at Canvas Health, I have had the opportunity to work with many community health providers, local school districts, medical providers and others in the East Metro. I am a fantastic collaborator and team player. I will work hard to do what is in your child and families best interest. I feel honored to do the work that I do and look forward to meeting you and your family.
My name is Lisa Warner. I have had the wonderful pleasure of working with a community mental health clinic in Washington County for the past 10 years. Through my experience at Canvas Health, I have had the opportunity to work with many community health providers, local school districts, medical providers and others in the East Metro. I am a fantastic collaborator and team player. I will work hard to do what is in your child and families best interest. I feel honored to do the work that I do and look forward to meeting you and your family.
(651) 504-1129 View (651) 504-1129
Photo of Albert N Brown, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 55101, MN
Albert N Brown
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, JD, MA, PCC, LADC
Verified
Saint Paul, MN 55101
I have 20 years' combined experience working with culturally, ethnically and generationally diverse clients in therapy, chemical use, restorative justice, and counseling children and families in need. I'm dedicated to enthusiastic, respectful and dynamic interactions as a means of creating and nurturing community interest. As a psychotherapist and LADC, I've worked with adults, adolescents, and families from all walks of life. My goal is to foster well-being in individuals and families. I seek to eliminate the stigma of shame and guilt associated with mental health and substance use, which leads to understanding, respectful conversations that enable healing.
I have 20 years' combined experience working with culturally, ethnically and generationally diverse clients in therapy, chemical use, restorative justice, and counseling children and families in need. I'm dedicated to enthusiastic, respectful and dynamic interactions as a means of creating and nurturing community interest. As a psychotherapist and LADC, I've worked with adults, adolescents, and families from all walks of life. My goal is to foster well-being in individuals and families. I seek to eliminate the stigma of shame and guilt associated with mental health and substance use, which leads to understanding, respectful conversations that enable healing.
(763) 265-7022 View (763) 265-7022
Photo of Rosemary D Kliever, Counselor in 55101, MN
Rosemary D Kliever
Counselor, MA
Saint Paul, MN 55101  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Though I enjoy working with a diverse group of clients with many issues such as depression, anxiety, self esteem and "relationship issues with self and others"; I specialize by working with women to help them develop "empowerment tools". I do this to help my clients gain self esteem and a sense of self worth that may have gotten lost along the way through life. I have a strong background with cognitive behavioral therapy. My clients appreciate my "down to earth" colaborative approach to therapy. I have 14 years of experience helping my clients get "reconnected" with their "true self".
Though I enjoy working with a diverse group of clients with many issues such as depression, anxiety, self esteem and "relationship issues with self and others"; I specialize by working with women to help them develop "empowerment tools". I do this to help my clients gain self esteem and a sense of self worth that may have gotten lost along the way through life. I have a strong background with cognitive behavioral therapy. My clients appreciate my "down to earth" colaborative approach to therapy. I have 14 years of experience helping my clients get "reconnected" with their "true self".
(952) 314-3977 View (952) 314-3977
Photo of Jenni McBride McNamara, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55101, MN
Jenni McBride McNamara
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Saint Paul, MN 55101
Jenni McBride McNamara, LMFT: Have you ever thought, "My ex or spouse or partner or parent or friend is driving me crazy! I can't handle this anymore!"? If so, you've come to the right place. Dealing with high-conflict personalities can be exhausting, depressing, and worrisome, but seeing a therapist with experience can make a huge difference. A therapeutic relationship with someone who understands can be the catalyst for positive, sometimes unanticipated, change. You don't have to be stuck, endure, or suffer forever. You can find your inspired self and be free of the stress of a high conflict relationship.
Jenni McBride McNamara, LMFT: Have you ever thought, "My ex or spouse or partner or parent or friend is driving me crazy! I can't handle this anymore!"? If so, you've come to the right place. Dealing with high-conflict personalities can be exhausting, depressing, and worrisome, but seeing a therapist with experience can make a huge difference. A therapeutic relationship with someone who understands can be the catalyst for positive, sometimes unanticipated, change. You don't have to be stuck, endure, or suffer forever. You can find your inspired self and be free of the stress of a high conflict relationship.
(612) 424-3297 View (612) 424-3297

See more therapy options for 55101

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55101

100+

Average cost per session

$157

Therapists in 55101 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
83% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
62% Coping Skills
58% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% BlueCross and BlueShield
73% Aetna
73% UCare

How Therapists in 55101 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
22% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55101?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.