Therapists in 55033

Photo of Ralph Simcox, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55033, MN
Ralph Simcox
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
Extensive experience in counseling military members, their families, and other DOD employees as they navigate through personal challenges and/or family and work life issues. The desire to do this type of work is driven by the belief that clients can be their own solution makers. As such this therapist primarily utilizes Solution Focused Therapy, which is strength based, goal oriented, and a resiliency focused model. From this orientation, the therapist assists the client(s) in identifying problem(s) and/or change(s) they would like to see in their lives.
Extensive experience in counseling military members, their families, and other DOD employees as they navigate through personal challenges and/or family and work life issues. The desire to do this type of work is driven by the belief that clients can be their own solution makers. As such this therapist primarily utilizes Solution Focused Therapy, which is strength based, goal oriented, and a resiliency focused model. From this orientation, the therapist assists the client(s) in identifying problem(s) and/or change(s) they would like to see in their lives.
(763) 296-9349 View (763) 296-9349
Photo of Hope Tree Counseling Services Inc., Counselor in 55033, MN
Hope Tree Counseling Services Inc.
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
I have special interest in working with issues of terminal illness, grief loss and transition with children individuals and families. I work with children with attachment, ADHD, trauma, and behavioral issues. I work with women issues surrounding self- esteem and personal growth. I have an extensive background in theater and the arts. I incorporate nature, animals, drama, art and play into my therapies with clients. My work also focuses on treating PTSD and anxiety. I incorporate trauma informed care into my work. I believe healing is possible and I am here to walk the path with my clients to a place of growth and positive change.
I have special interest in working with issues of terminal illness, grief loss and transition with children individuals and families. I work with children with attachment, ADHD, trauma, and behavioral issues. I work with women issues surrounding self- esteem and personal growth. I have an extensive background in theater and the arts. I incorporate nature, animals, drama, art and play into my therapies with clients. My work also focuses on treating PTSD and anxiety. I incorporate trauma informed care into my work. I believe healing is possible and I am here to walk the path with my clients to a place of growth and positive change.
(763) 296-8162 View (763) 296-8162
Photo of Rylee A Rae, Counselor in 55033, MN
Rylee A Rae
Counselor, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
Not accepting new clients
I currently work with individuals, partners, and families. My area of passion and expertise is gender and sexuality. I also view therapy and self-care as an act of resistance and believe it can help individuals with marginalized identities cope with minority stress and systemic oppression. I am currently seeing clients in office and virtually if you live in MN. I work with almost all mental health diagnoses including anxiety, depression, panic disorders, PTSD/CPTSD, bipolar, personality disorders, DID, and schizophrenia/delusional disorders. I also have specialized experience in substance use and eating disorders.
I currently work with individuals, partners, and families. My area of passion and expertise is gender and sexuality. I also view therapy and self-care as an act of resistance and believe it can help individuals with marginalized identities cope with minority stress and systemic oppression. I am currently seeing clients in office and virtually if you live in MN. I work with almost all mental health diagnoses including anxiety, depression, panic disorders, PTSD/CPTSD, bipolar, personality disorders, DID, and schizophrenia/delusional disorders. I also have specialized experience in substance use and eating disorders.
(929) 888-7267 View (929) 888-7267
Photo of Bruce H Stewart, Psychologist in 55033, MN
Bruce H Stewart
Psychologist, MS, LP
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
I have worked with adolescents, adults, couples and families with a wide variety of mental health issues over the last 30 years. I have assessed and treated therapeutic issues such as conflicted family relationships, depression and suicidal thinking, anxiety and panic attacks, attention/concentration problems, mood instability and anger outbursts, victimization issues, oppositional and defiant behavior, criminal behavior, obsessive thinking, obsessive-compulsive behavior and substance abuse.
I have worked with adolescents, adults, couples and families with a wide variety of mental health issues over the last 30 years. I have assessed and treated therapeutic issues such as conflicted family relationships, depression and suicidal thinking, anxiety and panic attacks, attention/concentration problems, mood instability and anger outbursts, victimization issues, oppositional and defiant behavior, criminal behavior, obsessive thinking, obsessive-compulsive behavior and substance abuse.
(651) 538-4471 View (651) 538-4471
Photo of Emily Sander, Psychologist in 55033, MN
Emily Sander
Psychologist, PsyD, LP, E-Psprt
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
Waitlist for new clients
Seeking support can be a nerve-wracking experience, but with the right provider it doesn’t have to be. I am a doctoral-level psychologist dedicated to providing compassionate, person-centered care to people of all ages. I have over 15 years of experience using a variety of therapeutic styles to meet the individual needs of each client, couple, or family I treat. While I utilize evidence-based treatments including EMDR, CBT, IFS, and DBT therapies, I strongly believe that treatment must be tailored to each client’s needs. I also believe that a strong, supportive therapeutic relationship with one’s provider is the key to success.
Seeking support can be a nerve-wracking experience, but with the right provider it doesn’t have to be. I am a doctoral-level psychologist dedicated to providing compassionate, person-centered care to people of all ages. I have over 15 years of experience using a variety of therapeutic styles to meet the individual needs of each client, couple, or family I treat. While I utilize evidence-based treatments including EMDR, CBT, IFS, and DBT therapies, I strongly believe that treatment must be tailored to each client’s needs. I also believe that a strong, supportive therapeutic relationship with one’s provider is the key to success.
(651) 401-7932 View (651) 401-7932
Photo of Beth Von Gemmingen, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55033, MN
Beth Von Gemmingen
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
Emotions makes our lives matter. They convert our lives into a series of events that become our living breathing human experience. As a therapist I meet my clients where they are at. We will work together to celebrate the positive experiences in your life and identify strategies for moving through the difficult ones. I collaborate with individuals, partners, and parents to create a wholistic plan of care. You are the center of this whole process and the expert on you. We will create your best life and achieve your goals.
Emotions makes our lives matter. They convert our lives into a series of events that become our living breathing human experience. As a therapist I meet my clients where they are at. We will work together to celebrate the positive experiences in your life and identify strategies for moving through the difficult ones. I collaborate with individuals, partners, and parents to create a wholistic plan of care. You are the center of this whole process and the expert on you. We will create your best life and achieve your goals.
(651) 390-1759 View (651) 390-1759
Photo of Megan Woyke, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55033, MN
Megan Woyke
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BA
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
Welcome! In therapy my first goal is to create a comfortable and inclusive environment where everyone can feel safe to grow. I work from a person-centered approach, I believe therapy should be about meeting you where you are at and working together from there. I strive to create a client/therapist relationship that is rooted in trust, caring, and respect to enable us to collaborate on working towards your goals. I enjoy helping my clients leave therapy with new insights and perspectives to help lead a full and enriching life.
Welcome! In therapy my first goal is to create a comfortable and inclusive environment where everyone can feel safe to grow. I work from a person-centered approach, I believe therapy should be about meeting you where you are at and working together from there. I strive to create a client/therapist relationship that is rooted in trust, caring, and respect to enable us to collaborate on working towards your goals. I enjoy helping my clients leave therapy with new insights and perspectives to help lead a full and enriching life.
(651) 661-5475 View (651) 661-5475
Photo of Wild Tree Wellness, Counselor in 55033, MN
Wild Tree Wellness
Counselor, MS, LPCC, LADC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
There are things the world throws at us that we can’t always change, and we know cookie-cutter approaches to health and wellness don’t always work. We provide care designed to address the root cause and to sustain growth and well-being. We believe that the mind-body connection is essential to life-long health and we are committed to teaching you how to be well for a lifetime – not just for now.
There are things the world throws at us that we can’t always change, and we know cookie-cutter approaches to health and wellness don’t always work. We provide care designed to address the root cause and to sustain growth and well-being. We believe that the mind-body connection is essential to life-long health and we are committed to teaching you how to be well for a lifetime – not just for now.
(651) 390-1976 x1 View (651) 390-1976 x1
Photo of Kelly Wilkinson, Counselor in 55033, MN
Kelly Wilkinson
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033  (Online Only)
Looking for help can be scary and intimidating; I'm here to help. My goal is to be able to build a trusting relationship with you, where you are able to explore and talk through the things that are getting in the way of you having the life that you want. I want therapy to be a safe space for you to be able to process and to work towards healing from the things that have happened to you or whatever challenges you are currently facing.
Looking for help can be scary and intimidating; I'm here to help. My goal is to be able to build a trusting relationship with you, where you are able to explore and talk through the things that are getting in the way of you having the life that you want. I want therapy to be a safe space for you to be able to process and to work towards healing from the things that have happened to you or whatever challenges you are currently facing.
(651) 500-0905 x1 View (651) 500-0905 x1
Photo of Amanda Kuth, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55033, MN
Amanda Kuth
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033  (Online Only)
Current openings for telehealth. I have 15 years experience working with adults, adolescents, and families in multiple therapeutic environments using a strength-based approach. I believe in working together to develop a plan to help you achieve your goals and to address your mental health needs. I am now licensed in both MN and WI.
Current openings for telehealth. I have 15 years experience working with adults, adolescents, and families in multiple therapeutic environments using a strength-based approach. I believe in working together to develop a plan to help you achieve your goals and to address your mental health needs. I am now licensed in both MN and WI.
(651) 273-0916 View (651) 273-0916
Photo of Bernie Menge licensed for MFT & LPC supervision., Marriage & Family Therapist in 55033, MN
Bernie Menge licensed for MFT & LPC supervision.
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, ADHD-, CCSP
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
I have a vast amount of professional and personal experience working with: Children, Teens, Young Adults, Single Parents, and Blended Families. Struggling with: Feeling Lost, Abused, Depression, Anxiety, Attention Issues, Conflicts, Moodiness, Relationships, Anger, Isolating, Argumentative, Communication, Defiance, Connecting, Anger Issues, Family Unity, Shame, Guilt, Loss, Repeated Behaviors, and Low Self Esteem. Their goals surround: (Peace) (Unity) (Balance) (Contentment) (Happiness) (Being Understood) (Trauma Healing) and (Managed lives). Looking for answers and resolution bringing healing that promotes purpose and meaning.
I have a vast amount of professional and personal experience working with: Children, Teens, Young Adults, Single Parents, and Blended Families. Struggling with: Feeling Lost, Abused, Depression, Anxiety, Attention Issues, Conflicts, Moodiness, Relationships, Anger, Isolating, Argumentative, Communication, Defiance, Connecting, Anger Issues, Family Unity, Shame, Guilt, Loss, Repeated Behaviors, and Low Self Esteem. Their goals surround: (Peace) (Unity) (Balance) (Contentment) (Happiness) (Being Understood) (Trauma Healing) and (Managed lives). Looking for answers and resolution bringing healing that promotes purpose and meaning.
(651) 504-0095 x1 View (651) 504-0095 x1
Photo of Julie Hoyez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55033, MN
Julie Hoyez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW, ASDCS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033  (Online Only)
I am a passionate Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience. I have a special interest in working with clients struggling with anxiety, depression, autism, ADHD, intellectual disabilities, life transition, grief and loss, and women's issues.
I am a passionate Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience. I have a special interest in working with clients struggling with anxiety, depression, autism, ADHD, intellectual disabilities, life transition, grief and loss, and women's issues.
(651) 372-1956 View (651) 372-1956
Photo of Hunter Hager, Counselor in 55033, MN
Hunter Hager
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
The struggle is real! As a licensed professional clinical counselor, I work with children/teens and adults individually, and strive to provide my clients a safe, open space where they can feel at ease to begin the therapeutic process. I aim to meet all my clients where they are at & provide unconditional positive regard for each unique experience that is brought to the table. Seeking out help is a sign of strength, & I work with my clients to develop healthy strategies to manage the challenges they are faced with. With training in Accelerated Resolution Therapy, I help my clients regain their sense of power over their lives.
The struggle is real! As a licensed professional clinical counselor, I work with children/teens and adults individually, and strive to provide my clients a safe, open space where they can feel at ease to begin the therapeutic process. I aim to meet all my clients where they are at & provide unconditional positive regard for each unique experience that is brought to the table. Seeking out help is a sign of strength, & I work with my clients to develop healthy strategies to manage the challenges they are faced with. With training in Accelerated Resolution Therapy, I help my clients regain their sense of power over their lives.
(651) 412-3054 View (651) 412-3054
Photo of Kate Van Pay, Psychologist in 55033, MN
Kate Van Pay
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
My goal as a therapist is to genuinely connect with and support clients in their journey. It is a privilege to walk with others on their path towards healing and knowing themselves. I strive to make sure my clients feel seen and heard as their true selves, experience warmth and security in the counseling room, and know that I unconditionally accept them. I believe therapy should be a true partnership between myself and my client; we are a team working toward your desired healing, growth, and change. I am committed to providing a safe and inviting atmosphere for all people, identities, and needs.
My goal as a therapist is to genuinely connect with and support clients in their journey. It is a privilege to walk with others on their path towards healing and knowing themselves. I strive to make sure my clients feel seen and heard as their true selves, experience warmth and security in the counseling room, and know that I unconditionally accept them. I believe therapy should be a true partnership between myself and my client; we are a team working toward your desired healing, growth, and change. I am committed to providing a safe and inviting atmosphere for all people, identities, and needs.
(651) 383-8082 View (651) 383-8082
Photo of Terra Pingley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55033, MN
Terra Pingley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
I have been working as a therapist with children, teens, adults, couples and families since I received a Masters of Clinical Social Work from University of Saint Thomas/Saint Catherine University in 2017. I enjoy working with individuals ages 12 through adult. I believe in the importance of the therapeutic relationship with my clients, as well as their life experiences, to meet clients where they are at and encourage growth and movement through their journey.
I have been working as a therapist with children, teens, adults, couples and families since I received a Masters of Clinical Social Work from University of Saint Thomas/Saint Catherine University in 2017. I enjoy working with individuals ages 12 through adult. I believe in the importance of the therapeutic relationship with my clients, as well as their life experiences, to meet clients where they are at and encourage growth and movement through their journey.
(651) 419-5322 x4 View (651) 419-5322 x4
Photo of Gayle Kittleson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55033, MN
Gayle Kittleson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033  (Online Only)
Envision the day you believe “I am enough”. We have so many roles to fulfill—partner, parent, employee, friend—and remember—self care. Experience working in large systems has provided me a unique perspective and understanding of the challenges facing individuals and families today. I have background providing crisis services, suicide assessments and follow up support. Listening, being witness to the grief, stress and trauma of life, stepping alongside individuals to assist them to see options and make choices using their strengths and beliefs is the base of my practice.
Envision the day you believe “I am enough”. We have so many roles to fulfill—partner, parent, employee, friend—and remember—self care. Experience working in large systems has provided me a unique perspective and understanding of the challenges facing individuals and families today. I have background providing crisis services, suicide assessments and follow up support. Listening, being witness to the grief, stress and trauma of life, stepping alongside individuals to assist them to see options and make choices using their strengths and beliefs is the base of my practice.
(651) 358-2422 View (651) 358-2422
Photo of David Anderson, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55033, MN
David Anderson
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPCC, ADC
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
David Anderson has experience and compassion for those who are suffering with trauma or crisis. Past experiences professionally and personally have fostered his ability to be an empathic listener who genuinely cares. Dave and his wife have five adult children. Dave's older adult son competes in Special Olympics. His son has taught him many things in life. Dave understands Neuro Divergent Disorders personally and professionally. So, if you struggle with past trauma or crisis or a family member that has special needs, Dave can relate and provide therapeutic support.
David Anderson has experience and compassion for those who are suffering with trauma or crisis. Past experiences professionally and personally have fostered his ability to be an empathic listener who genuinely cares. Dave and his wife have five adult children. Dave's older adult son competes in Special Olympics. His son has taught him many things in life. Dave understands Neuro Divergent Disorders personally and professionally. So, if you struggle with past trauma or crisis or a family member that has special needs, Dave can relate and provide therapeutic support.
(651) 504-0422 x1 View (651) 504-0422 x1
Photo of Addiction Recovery Professionals, LLC, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 55033, MN
Addiction Recovery Professionals, LLC
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, CSAC, CAC, ICADC
Not Verified Not Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
Intervention service- nationwide service area, all behavioral health issues, including substance abuse, gambling, internet/gaming, sex/love addiction. Helping families and businesses start the process of change. Recovery Case Management- modeled on the successful recovery models of airline employees and health care professionals. Early recovery can be daunting, and RCM helps to negotiate early recovery issues, ensure follow-through with continuing care, aids in family healing, and helps coordinate multiple providers.
Intervention service- nationwide service area, all behavioral health issues, including substance abuse, gambling, internet/gaming, sex/love addiction. Helping families and businesses start the process of change. Recovery Case Management- modeled on the successful recovery models of airline employees and health care professionals. Early recovery can be daunting, and RCM helps to negotiate early recovery issues, ensure follow-through with continuing care, aids in family healing, and helps coordinate multiple providers.
(651) 371-5641 View (651) 371-5641
Photo of Dr. Mattilan Martin, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55033, MN
Dr. Mattilan Martin
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
Hastings, MN 55033
I earned my PsyD in Clinical Psychology from Adler University in Chicago. During my educational journey, I had the privilege of completing my pre-doctoral internship at Hazelden Betty Ford’s Center for Teens, Young Adults, and Families. In this esteemed institution, I had the unique opportunity to work closely with adolescents and young adults who were grappling with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. My professional path has encompassed a diverse range of settings, including a community mental center, a research hospital, and private practice, where I specialized in neuropsychological assessments.
I earned my PsyD in Clinical Psychology from Adler University in Chicago. During my educational journey, I had the privilege of completing my pre-doctoral internship at Hazelden Betty Ford’s Center for Teens, Young Adults, and Families. In this esteemed institution, I had the unique opportunity to work closely with adolescents and young adults who were grappling with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. My professional path has encompassed a diverse range of settings, including a community mental center, a research hospital, and private practice, where I specialized in neuropsychological assessments.
(651) 349-4740 View (651) 349-4740
Photo of Wild Tree Psychotherapy, Counselor in 55033, MN
Wild Tree Psychotherapy
Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings, MN 55033
There are things the world throws at us that can feel overwhelming and we know cookie-cutter approaches to health and wellness don't always work. And, sometimes you need extra help, and support, to learn the skills to better cope with stress you encounter in life. Our collaborative team of professionally trained, compassionate therapists are dedicated to building a trusting relationship with you on your journey to long-term wellness. Each therapist is passionate about finding a therapeutic approach that provides holistic wellness and promotes health in a warm, welcoming environment.
There are things the world throws at us that can feel overwhelming and we know cookie-cutter approaches to health and wellness don't always work. And, sometimes you need extra help, and support, to learn the skills to better cope with stress you encounter in life. Our collaborative team of professionally trained, compassionate therapists are dedicated to building a trusting relationship with you on your journey to long-term wellness. Each therapist is passionate about finding a therapeutic approach that provides holistic wellness and promotes health in a warm, welcoming environment.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55033

30+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 55033 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
90% Trauma and PTSD
87% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
73% Stress
70% Grief
67% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% BlueCross and BlueShield
81% UCare
81% HealthPartners of MN and WI

How Therapists in 55033 see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
20% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55033?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.