Photo of Zane Schwaiger, LMFT, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Zane Schwaiger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LLC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
In my work with couples and families, I provide a warm, non-judgmental presence to help you share your story, make discoveries, and meet your goals. I have a particular passion for helping couples, and I also work with individuals of all ages. I see family members as part of a connected system, and I honor each person's need for belonging and independence within their closest relationships. My background in education and love for the natural world shape my connection with clients.
In my work with couples and families, I provide a warm, non-judgmental presence to help you share your story, make discoveries, and meet your goals. I have a particular passion for helping couples, and I also work with individuals of all ages. I see family members as part of a connected system, and I honor each person's need for belonging and independence within their closest relationships. My background in education and love for the natural world shape my connection with clients.
(231) 272-5031 View (231) 272-5031
Photo of Kelsey Fordyce, LMSW, CLS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kelsey Fordyce
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CLS
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
I strongly believe in the transformative power of relationships and recognize that change often occurs through meaningful connections. Specializing in working with individuals experiencing mood changes during the perinatal period, I focus on fertility/conception, adoption, pregnancy and infant loss, postpartum depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders. I approach my work with intentionality and flexibility, embracing imperfections and validating the complexities of life and the systems individuals navigate. I empower my clients to navigate challenges and embrace their resilience, firmly believing that we can do hard things.
I strongly believe in the transformative power of relationships and recognize that change often occurs through meaningful connections. Specializing in working with individuals experiencing mood changes during the perinatal period, I focus on fertility/conception, adoption, pregnancy and infant loss, postpartum depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders. I approach my work with intentionality and flexibility, embracing imperfections and validating the complexities of life and the systems individuals navigate. I empower my clients to navigate challenges and embrace their resilience, firmly believing that we can do hard things.
(231) 244-9893 View (231) 244-9893
Photo of Caitlin Smith, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Caitlin Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682  (Online Only)
I'm so glad you're here! It's no small feat to ask for help and finding a therapist dedicated to creating a warm, nurturing, and supportive space to walk alongside you can be challenging. Knowing the importance the therapeutic relationship has on outcomes, I work with my clients to tailor our approach to best meet their needs. Those who are committed to engaging in self-discovery and find themselves ready to make meaningful life changes may resonate most with my strength and solution focused style.
I'm so glad you're here! It's no small feat to ask for help and finding a therapist dedicated to creating a warm, nurturing, and supportive space to walk alongside you can be challenging. Knowing the importance the therapeutic relationship has on outcomes, I work with my clients to tailor our approach to best meet their needs. Those who are committed to engaging in self-discovery and find themselves ready to make meaningful life changes may resonate most with my strength and solution focused style.
(231) 300-9568 View (231) 300-9568
Photo of Emily S. Kohler, LMSW, IMH-E, PMH-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily S. Kohler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, IMH-E, PMH-C
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Are you a new parent or preparing for a new baby and wondering how you are going to adjust to the changes that are ahead coupled by your worries or depressed mood? Do you currently struggle with anxiety or depression and wonder how the new baby's arrival might impact your moods and well-being? Are you struggling to feel connected with your little one? Do you feel more irritable, frustrated and unhappy more than you thought you would feel during this phase of your life?
Are you a new parent or preparing for a new baby and wondering how you are going to adjust to the changes that are ahead coupled by your worries or depressed mood? Do you currently struggle with anxiety or depression and wonder how the new baby's arrival might impact your moods and well-being? Are you struggling to feel connected with your little one? Do you feel more irritable, frustrated and unhappy more than you thought you would feel during this phase of your life?
(231) 244-2276 View (231) 244-2276
Photo of Kerri Moses, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kerri Moses
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
One of the early questions I ask a new client is, "where are you hoping this relationship will take you?". For some, the answer to this question is clear. They imagine a life where their anxiety or depressive symptoms no longer get in the way of attending school or work, spending time with friends and enjoying their days. Others hope for a time when they feel physically and emotionally well enough to enjoy each day. Many people struggle with a vision for their future. Often, the path behind us is full of wrong turns or the path ahead feels full of obstacles. Regardless of where you are, I will join with you and support your journey.
One of the early questions I ask a new client is, "where are you hoping this relationship will take you?". For some, the answer to this question is clear. They imagine a life where their anxiety or depressive symptoms no longer get in the way of attending school or work, spending time with friends and enjoying their days. Others hope for a time when they feel physically and emotionally well enough to enjoy each day. Many people struggle with a vision for their future. Often, the path behind us is full of wrong turns or the path ahead feels full of obstacles. Regardless of where you are, I will join with you and support your journey.
(231) 486-0043 View (231) 486-0043
Photo of Cierra Bengel, LMSW, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cierra Bengel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LISW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682  (Online Only)
We all deserve to have our feelings and experiences validated, valued, and held; however, we often feel like we have unmet needs, that we aren’t seen or understood. This is particularly true for those of us who are caregivers. Our parents, elders, teachers, healthcare providers, people of color, femme folks, and those with many other identities hold so much in our society. While these responsibilities can be beautiful, they are often overwhelming as we navigate anxiety, depression, trauma, struggles with attachment and connection, and other stressors.
We all deserve to have our feelings and experiences validated, valued, and held; however, we often feel like we have unmet needs, that we aren’t seen or understood. This is particularly true for those of us who are caregivers. Our parents, elders, teachers, healthcare providers, people of color, femme folks, and those with many other identities hold so much in our society. While these responsibilities can be beautiful, they are often overwhelming as we navigate anxiety, depression, trauma, struggles with attachment and connection, and other stressors.
(231) 261-2373 View (231) 261-2373
Photo of Atalanta Jordan Welsh, LLMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Atalanta Jordan Welsh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
I am committed to empowering and supporting children, teens, and women on their healing and personal growth journey. My therapeutic approach is rooted in creating a warm and trusting therapeutic relationship, as I believe that a strong alliance is the foundation for growth and healing. I am dedicated to providing a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, ensuring that each individual's unique experiences and needs are at the forefront of their therapeutic journey. Creating a safe and nurturing environment where individuals can explore their feelings, develop coping strategies, and build resilience.
I am committed to empowering and supporting children, teens, and women on their healing and personal growth journey. My therapeutic approach is rooted in creating a warm and trusting therapeutic relationship, as I believe that a strong alliance is the foundation for growth and healing. I am dedicated to providing a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, ensuring that each individual's unique experiences and needs are at the forefront of their therapeutic journey. Creating a safe and nurturing environment where individuals can explore their feelings, develop coping strategies, and build resilience.
(231) 310-1688 View (231) 310-1688
Photo of Therese Kaufman - Baybrooke Counseling, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Baybrooke Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
I help people who are feeling depressed, feel less depressed. I understand how uncomfortable it can be to feel stuck in depression. Are you having trouble sleeping, eating too little, or too much? Hiding how you really feel inside, not wanting others to know? Others say you have so much to be thankful for, but you just feel guilty and ashamed that you’re not able to feel that way; forcing a smile, but not feeling it inside? There is always a reason for the way we feel, and I can help you figure out what is really going on inside of you. Together we can figure out some ways to help you feel relief.
I help people who are feeling depressed, feel less depressed. I understand how uncomfortable it can be to feel stuck in depression. Are you having trouble sleeping, eating too little, or too much? Hiding how you really feel inside, not wanting others to know? Others say you have so much to be thankful for, but you just feel guilty and ashamed that you’re not able to feel that way; forcing a smile, but not feeling it inside? There is always a reason for the way we feel, and I can help you figure out what is really going on inside of you. Together we can figure out some ways to help you feel relief.
(231) 444-5351 View (231) 444-5351
Photo of Ann DelMariani, LLMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ann DelMariani
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Welcome! Are you ready to unburden from ingrained patterns, heal trauma wounds, and welcome joy, connectedness, and wonderment into your life? I can help. I'm an attachment-focused and trauma-informed psychotherapist with a curious mind, open heart, and hearty sense of humor. I believe that therapy should feel nourishing and meaningful - and the effects should be transformative. As a Narrative, Mindfulness, Sandtray, and IFS trained therapist, I helps clients “re-author” their lives — often using experiential and expressive arts activities or guided ‘parts’ exercises in order to make space for new ways of thinking and understanding.
Welcome! Are you ready to unburden from ingrained patterns, heal trauma wounds, and welcome joy, connectedness, and wonderment into your life? I can help. I'm an attachment-focused and trauma-informed psychotherapist with a curious mind, open heart, and hearty sense of humor. I believe that therapy should feel nourishing and meaningful - and the effects should be transformative. As a Narrative, Mindfulness, Sandtray, and IFS trained therapist, I helps clients “re-author” their lives — often using experiential and expressive arts activities or guided ‘parts’ exercises in order to make space for new ways of thinking and understanding.
(231) 244-8981 View (231) 244-8981
Photo of Kristy Wiersema, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kristy Wiersema
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Not accepting new clients
On the outside you're trying to keep it all together. On the inside you're falling apart. You feel stressed, overwhelmed, and everything is a struggle. No matter what you do it's never good enough. You're tired of feeling tired and ready for change. I specialize in helping people struggling with depression, anxiety, and trauma. This may show up in your life as low self-esteem, difficulty staying motivated, or feeling overwhelmed by emotions. You've taken a big step in looking for help. Finding a therapist that you feel comfortable with is an important part.
On the outside you're trying to keep it all together. On the inside you're falling apart. You feel stressed, overwhelmed, and everything is a struggle. No matter what you do it's never good enough. You're tired of feeling tired and ready for change. I specialize in helping people struggling with depression, anxiety, and trauma. This may show up in your life as low self-esteem, difficulty staying motivated, or feeling overwhelmed by emotions. You've taken a big step in looking for help. Finding a therapist that you feel comfortable with is an important part.
(231) 480-0323 View (231) 480-0323
Photo of Caren Field, MA, LMFT, LLPC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Caren Field
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LLPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Whether you're struggling with a particular issue, or just can't shake the feeling there should be more to life, I can help. I work with people who are tired of being stuck going around in circles, who are open to learning what steps to take to get their relationships back on track, and who are ready to keep their life moving in a positive direction.
Whether you're struggling with a particular issue, or just can't shake the feeling there should be more to life, I can help. I work with people who are tired of being stuck going around in circles, who are open to learning what steps to take to get their relationships back on track, and who are ready to keep their life moving in a positive direction.
(231) 825-3351 View (231) 825-3351
Photo of Dana LaCross, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dana LaCross
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Waitlist for new clients
My practice is currently full. Please email me if you are interested in beginning services in the Fall of 2024. I love working with people who are seeking growth and self-understanding. Therapy is hard work. It pushes us to see things in new ways and to explore feelings and behavior patterns. And, hopefully, it leads to feeling healthier and more connected to ourselves, our needs, and in our relationships. I approach therapy from a holistic and integrative perspective--I believe well-being is influenced and impacted by many factors including physical health, genetics, personality, and life experiences.
My practice is currently full. Please email me if you are interested in beginning services in the Fall of 2024. I love working with people who are seeking growth and self-understanding. Therapy is hard work. It pushes us to see things in new ways and to explore feelings and behavior patterns. And, hopefully, it leads to feeling healthier and more connected to ourselves, our needs, and in our relationships. I approach therapy from a holistic and integrative perspective--I believe well-being is influenced and impacted by many factors including physical health, genetics, personality, and life experiences.
(231) 861-1017 View (231) 861-1017
Photo of Kathryn Penfold - Kathryn Penfold, M.Sc, LLP, BSW, MSc, LLP, Limited Licensed Psychologist
Kathryn Penfold, M.Sc, LLP
Limited Licensed Psychologist, BSW, MSc, LLP
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
I employ a diverse approach to therapy based on my knowledge of psychological philosophies and techniques in conjunction with the personality and needs of each client.
I employ a diverse approach to therapy based on my knowledge of psychological philosophies and techniques in conjunction with the personality and needs of each client.
(231) 322-7099 View (231) 322-7099
Photo of Trisha Short, MA, LPC, IMH-E, (II), Counselor
Trisha Short
Counselor, MA, LPC, IMH-E, (II)
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Waitlist for new clients
My work with children and families is based on building safe, supportive relationships. I carefully consider individual, couple and family strengths and needs, providing therapeutic direction based upon this. A combination of child development, mindfulness, and family systems informs my work. I use play therapy, sandtray, narrative-storytelling tools, practical skill building, arts, and parent coaching in my practice. The power of relationships and the recognition of one's strengths are emphasized throughout our work together.
My work with children and families is based on building safe, supportive relationships. I carefully consider individual, couple and family strengths and needs, providing therapeutic direction based upon this. A combination of child development, mindfulness, and family systems informs my work. I use play therapy, sandtray, narrative-storytelling tools, practical skill building, arts, and parent coaching in my practice. The power of relationships and the recognition of one's strengths are emphasized throughout our work together.
(231) 421-6366 View (231) 421-6366
Photo of Theresa M Carey, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Theresa M Carey
Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
There are many approaches to addressing the state of life we find ourselves living in. I practice holistic integrative care that addresses the whole person - mind, body, spirit. Healing is a journey, in which I offer support by creating, establishing and maintaining open and direct relationships with clients. My goal is to assist in bringing balance, and restoring energy and passions through traditional therapies or energy based interventions. My focus is to help individuals, couples and families acknowledge the strengths they have and to bring relief to defeating beliefs and behaviors.
There are many approaches to addressing the state of life we find ourselves living in. I practice holistic integrative care that addresses the whole person - mind, body, spirit. Healing is a journey, in which I offer support by creating, establishing and maintaining open and direct relationships with clients. My goal is to assist in bringing balance, and restoring energy and passions through traditional therapies or energy based interventions. My focus is to help individuals, couples and families acknowledge the strengths they have and to bring relief to defeating beliefs and behaviors.
(231) 225-9195 View (231) 225-9195
Photo of Lindsay Sea Wills, MA, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Lindsay Sea Wills
Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Life is about feeling our feelings, processing our experiences, overcoming hurdles and truly LIVING our lives in abundance. These elements contribute to living in the present with our whole hearts. My practice is called LIVE TRUE. I am always being lured to living true. To myself. To others. And to an abundant life. The Live True motto: Summoning strength and beauty. Igniting courage and compassion. May we all pursue what it means to truly LIVE! I offer individual and group counseling. Specialties include single mothers, teenagers, divorce, grief, loss, trauma, relationships, life transitions and career-related issues.
Life is about feeling our feelings, processing our experiences, overcoming hurdles and truly LIVING our lives in abundance. These elements contribute to living in the present with our whole hearts. My practice is called LIVE TRUE. I am always being lured to living true. To myself. To others. And to an abundant life. The Live True motto: Summoning strength and beauty. Igniting courage and compassion. May we all pursue what it means to truly LIVE! I offer individual and group counseling. Specialties include single mothers, teenagers, divorce, grief, loss, trauma, relationships, life transitions and career-related issues.
(231) 613-3007 View (231) 613-3007
Photo of Kari Schmidt - Kari Schmidt LPC, PLLC, LPC, NCC, MHIMP, CCATP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kari Schmidt LPC, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MHIMP, CCATP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682  (Online Only)
Providing inclusive and affirming care to individuals across all populations throughout the state of Michigan. Kari started her work in 2012 in providing trauma informed therapy with adolescents and adults. She is highly knowledgeable and experienced in providing treatment for a wide range of areas including complex trauma, emotion management, attachment, gender identity, neurodivergence and maladaptive thoughts and behaviors.
Providing inclusive and affirming care to individuals across all populations throughout the state of Michigan. Kari started her work in 2012 in providing trauma informed therapy with adolescents and adults. She is highly knowledgeable and experienced in providing treatment for a wide range of areas including complex trauma, emotion management, attachment, gender identity, neurodivergence and maladaptive thoughts and behaviors.
(231) 824-0119 View (231) 824-0119
Photo of Eric D LaPaugh, MA, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Eric D LaPaugh
Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
I like to offer my clients an opportunity to choose from an office visit to a walk and talk at a nearby trail or park. Through my research I have found that clients with difficulties like depression and anxiety respond best to treatment in the great outdoors.
I like to offer my clients an opportunity to choose from an office visit to a walk and talk at a nearby trail or park. Through my research I have found that clients with difficulties like depression and anxiety respond best to treatment in the great outdoors.
(231) 994-6543 View (231) 994-6543
Photo of Stephanie Wendland, MA, LCPC-IL, LPC-MI, Counselor
Stephanie Wendland
Counselor, MA, LCPC-IL, LPC-MI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
If you are looking for a therapist, you may be feeling hurt, lost, or stuck and aren't quite sure what will help. When our most important connections are ruptured through stress, trauma, and broken relationships, life becomes overwhelming, unmanageable and isolated. Finding a therapist who will listen with intention and compassion can help you feel understood and more connected to yourself and your world. I use a relational-style focused on increasing your awareness and insight so that you feel empowered to move forward.
If you are looking for a therapist, you may be feeling hurt, lost, or stuck and aren't quite sure what will help. When our most important connections are ruptured through stress, trauma, and broken relationships, life becomes overwhelming, unmanageable and isolated. Finding a therapist who will listen with intention and compassion can help you feel understood and more connected to yourself and your world. I use a relational-style focused on increasing your awareness and insight so that you feel empowered to move forward.
(231) 529-5568 View (231) 529-5568
Photo of Mary Hatfield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mary Hatfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Suttons Bay, MI 49682
Are you striving for success yet struggling with perfectionism, worry, or feeling trapped? Do you feel overwhelmed, sacrificing your well-being to meet others' expectations? Are you searching for meaning and purpose? I understand the weight you carry and the desire for a more fulfilling, faith-driven life. As a conservative Christian counselor versed in holistic health, parenting, and couples therapy, I can help you heal, establish boundaries, and cultivate a life filled with joy and spiritual fulfillment. You deserve to live a meaningful and purposeful life, free from being trapped and constrained by external pressures.
Are you striving for success yet struggling with perfectionism, worry, or feeling trapped? Do you feel overwhelmed, sacrificing your well-being to meet others' expectations? Are you searching for meaning and purpose? I understand the weight you carry and the desire for a more fulfilling, faith-driven life. As a conservative Christian counselor versed in holistic health, parenting, and couples therapy, I can help you heal, establish boundaries, and cultivate a life filled with joy and spiritual fulfillment. You deserve to live a meaningful and purposeful life, free from being trapped and constrained by external pressures.
(231) 252-0809 View (231) 252-0809
1

See more therapy options for 49682

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 49682

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 49682 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
84% Relationship Issues
81% Depression
81% Trauma and PTSD
81% Coping Skills
81% Stress
77% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
73% Blue Care Network
68% Priority Health

How Therapists in 49682 see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

93% Female
7% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 49682?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.