Photo of Araceli Warners, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Araceli Warners
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
I strive to create a compassionate and safe environment in which clients can share their concerns openly and feel heard. My role in working with individuals is to meet them where they're at and support them amidst any challenges or difficulties life will present. I value the experience, background, and complexity of each individual who steps into the counseling room and I understand that each individual’s lived experience is unique, and this experience provides powerful tools and perspectives in the counseling process. As a therapist, my primary goal is to walk alongside my clients as they heal, grow, and thrive.
I strive to create a compassionate and safe environment in which clients can share their concerns openly and feel heard. My role in working with individuals is to meet them where they're at and support them amidst any challenges or difficulties life will present. I value the experience, background, and complexity of each individual who steps into the counseling room and I understand that each individual’s lived experience is unique, and this experience provides powerful tools and perspectives in the counseling process. As a therapist, my primary goal is to walk alongside my clients as they heal, grow, and thrive.
(616) 310-5092 View (616) 310-5092
Photo of Andria Lyons, Counselor in 49546, MI
Andria Lyons
Counselor, LLPC
Not Verified Not Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
At times, life can be difficult to navigate. Managing life's expectations such as work, school, family, and relationships can often leave many feeling overwhelmed. Sometimes we find ourselves needing to reach out for help. Therapy is a way to set goals or address areas of your life that require positive change. I encourage you to take the necessary steps to release yourself from emotional burdens.
At times, life can be difficult to navigate. Managing life's expectations such as work, school, family, and relationships can often leave many feeling overwhelmed. Sometimes we find ourselves needing to reach out for help. Therapy is a way to set goals or address areas of your life that require positive change. I encourage you to take the necessary steps to release yourself from emotional burdens.
(616) 319-4426 View (616) 319-4426
Photo of Richard John Navis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Richard John Navis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
My ideal client is one who is looking to live their life again. They want to recover. They want to have peace of mind and a return to joy and fulfillment. They are the ones who are searching for more out of their life.
My ideal client is one who is looking to live their life again. They want to recover. They want to have peace of mind and a return to joy and fulfillment. They are the ones who are searching for more out of their life.
(616) 201-0753 View (616) 201-0753
Photo of Jonathan Swiftney, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Jonathan Swiftney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Sometimes in life, we reach a point where we might feel lost, confused, disconnected, uncomfortable, alone, or even completely unsure how we feel. My hope in therapy is to meet you where you are at with empathy, accept you for who you are without judgment, and work towards the goals that we establish together. With these values persisting throughout therapy, I believe healing is possible for anyone. We will approach our goals in therapy from a holistic perspective, which means that we will seek to understand our challenges through a variety of lenses: our biology, psychology, sociology, culture, and spirituality.
Sometimes in life, we reach a point where we might feel lost, confused, disconnected, uncomfortable, alone, or even completely unsure how we feel. My hope in therapy is to meet you where you are at with empathy, accept you for who you are without judgment, and work towards the goals that we establish together. With these values persisting throughout therapy, I believe healing is possible for anyone. We will approach our goals in therapy from a holistic perspective, which means that we will seek to understand our challenges through a variety of lenses: our biology, psychology, sociology, culture, and spirituality.
(616) 557-6558 View (616) 557-6558
Photo of Summer Brown, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Summer Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Therapy is all about connection. Whether it's with your therapist, family, friends, partner, or most importantly, with yourself, the first step to a healthier state of being is making and nurturing this connection. ​Depression, anxiety, traumatic experiences, and addiction can leave us disconnected and stuck in survival mode. Even just the stress of everyday life can feel overwhelming and unmanageable at times. In order to reconnect and become "unstuck," it often requires some guidance.
Therapy is all about connection. Whether it's with your therapist, family, friends, partner, or most importantly, with yourself, the first step to a healthier state of being is making and nurturing this connection. ​Depression, anxiety, traumatic experiences, and addiction can leave us disconnected and stuck in survival mode. Even just the stress of everyday life can feel overwhelming and unmanageable at times. In order to reconnect and become "unstuck," it often requires some guidance.
(616) 209-8805 View (616) 209-8805
Photo of Kari Harburn, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49546, MI
Kari Harburn
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CAADC, CCS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Finding just the right counselor can feel overwhelming. Will someone understand the things that are happening with you? Will you be able to open up about the things that make you feel anxious or sad? Do the problems pile up until they are just too big to sweep under the rug? Don’t let the struggle become your identity! Living the life you want begins with exploring how your feelings, thoughts, and experiences impact your life. Our work together will be solution-focused, insight-oriented work designed to instill effective means of dealing with emotional symptoms, relationship conflicts, addictions, and stress.
Finding just the right counselor can feel overwhelming. Will someone understand the things that are happening with you? Will you be able to open up about the things that make you feel anxious or sad? Do the problems pile up until they are just too big to sweep under the rug? Don’t let the struggle become your identity! Living the life you want begins with exploring how your feelings, thoughts, and experiences impact your life. Our work together will be solution-focused, insight-oriented work designed to instill effective means of dealing with emotional symptoms, relationship conflicts, addictions, and stress.
(616) 201-1274 View (616) 201-1274
Photo of Bradley Rudolph, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Bradley Rudolph
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Brad Rudolph is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 3 years of experience working in a variety of roles to gain a more broad understanding of social issues impacting communities and individuals. Brad is passionate about helping people of all ages (11-100+), races, sexualities, and genders. He specializes in helping others process and cope with depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, anger management, addiction, and major life transitions. Brad completed his Master of Social Work (MSW) at Grand Valley State University of Michigan.
Brad Rudolph is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 3 years of experience working in a variety of roles to gain a more broad understanding of social issues impacting communities and individuals. Brad is passionate about helping people of all ages (11-100+), races, sexualities, and genders. He specializes in helping others process and cope with depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, anger management, addiction, and major life transitions. Brad completed his Master of Social Work (MSW) at Grand Valley State University of Michigan.
(616) 548-6605 View (616) 548-6605
Photo of Victor S Wagner, Psychologist in 49546, MI
Victor S Wagner
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
I have been in practice for more than 30 years. I work with people of all ages and with a broad range of problems. I also teach family physicians and medical students consequently, I am experienced in working with people who are dealing with the effects of an acute or chronic medical problem in their life and on their relationships. I have training and experience in family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, narrative therapy and mindfulness based stress reduction.I have worked extensively with children and adolescents on problems stemming from ADHD and resulting in behavioral concerns.
I have been in practice for more than 30 years. I work with people of all ages and with a broad range of problems. I also teach family physicians and medical students consequently, I am experienced in working with people who are dealing with the effects of an acute or chronic medical problem in their life and on their relationships. I have training and experience in family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, narrative therapy and mindfulness based stress reduction.I have worked extensively with children and adolescents on problems stemming from ADHD and resulting in behavioral concerns.
(616) 504-1166 View (616) 504-1166
Photo of Anu Allington, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Anu Allington
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Reaching out for counseling takes courage, humility, and strength. Whether you are seeking support for a life stressor, recent loss, family disconnection, mental health challenges, or to address and navigate relationship difficulties, my goal is to collaborate with you to achieve lasting change and growth. Together, we will develop treatment goals, clarify personal values, strengthen coping strategies, and give you a safe and non-judgmental space to feel heard and validated. I specialize in Eating Disorders, Couples' Counseling, Family Therapy, ADHD, Anxiety, and those with chronic medical conditions.
Reaching out for counseling takes courage, humility, and strength. Whether you are seeking support for a life stressor, recent loss, family disconnection, mental health challenges, or to address and navigate relationship difficulties, my goal is to collaborate with you to achieve lasting change and growth. Together, we will develop treatment goals, clarify personal values, strengthen coping strategies, and give you a safe and non-judgmental space to feel heard and validated. I specialize in Eating Disorders, Couples' Counseling, Family Therapy, ADHD, Anxiety, and those with chronic medical conditions.
(616) 724-7299 View (616) 724-7299
Photo of Jesilee Bonofiglio, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Jesilee Bonofiglio
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Have a cup of tea or coffee. Sit back, and maybe even wrap in a blanket. Take this time to go wherever you need to go emotionally, knowing this is a judgment free room. As your therapist, I will not be able to solve your problems for you. Actually, I would not want to even if I could. I do not presume that I have answers to your problems, or that my way is the best or only way. I fully believe that you have the answers you need within you, we just need to uncover them. I will walk with you for as long as you want and need.
Have a cup of tea or coffee. Sit back, and maybe even wrap in a blanket. Take this time to go wherever you need to go emotionally, knowing this is a judgment free room. As your therapist, I will not be able to solve your problems for you. Actually, I would not want to even if I could. I do not presume that I have answers to your problems, or that my way is the best or only way. I fully believe that you have the answers you need within you, we just need to uncover them. I will walk with you for as long as you want and need.
(616) 258-6254 View (616) 258-6254
Photo of Bethany Doneth, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Bethany Doneth
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Hi, I am a Masters Level Social Worker who, for the last ten years, have been working with individuals with chronic medical illnesses. I am presently working with individuals who struggle with day-to-day stressors, mood shifts, and balancing life challenges. If you struggle with doing daily activities that seem to prohibit you from enjoying life, then please email me. I will meet you where you are at and work together to ensure you develop the tools needed to help bring your life to where you can find your happiness. Life can be difficult and asking for help is the best way to start.
Hi, I am a Masters Level Social Worker who, for the last ten years, have been working with individuals with chronic medical illnesses. I am presently working with individuals who struggle with day-to-day stressors, mood shifts, and balancing life challenges. If you struggle with doing daily activities that seem to prohibit you from enjoying life, then please email me. I will meet you where you are at and work together to ensure you develop the tools needed to help bring your life to where you can find your happiness. Life can be difficult and asking for help is the best way to start.
(616) 441-3627 View (616) 441-3627
Photo of Melanie Szucs, Marriage & Family Therapist in 49546, MI
Melanie Szucs
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Waitlist for new clients
Our lives are stories and we all want them to be stories worth telling, that give us hope. Maybe you long to rewrite the story you are living. I believe everyone has the ability to change their story. Whether you are a couple, a family, or an individual, you can have hope. I desire to walk alongside you in your struggles and help you to forge a new path. Sometimes all it takes is a listening ear; sometimes it takes long, hard work. But you have the choice-to step out in courage and to start writing a new story.
Our lives are stories and we all want them to be stories worth telling, that give us hope. Maybe you long to rewrite the story you are living. I believe everyone has the ability to change their story. Whether you are a couple, a family, or an individual, you can have hope. I desire to walk alongside you in your struggles and help you to forge a new path. Sometimes all it takes is a listening ear; sometimes it takes long, hard work. But you have the choice-to step out in courage and to start writing a new story.
(616) 965-2816 View (616) 965-2816
Photo of Alicia Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Alicia Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist with extensive experience helping adults overcome their generational traumas, relationship challenges, and parenting struggles. I have been striving to help individuals gain a better understanding of themselves and the world around them since obtaining my Master’s degree in Social Work from Grand Valley State University. My trauma-informed approach is rooted in untangling the complex interplay between childhood experiences, mental health, relationships, and overall well-being. Utilizing a variety of evidence-based techniques, my mission is to help individuals achieve their goals.
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist with extensive experience helping adults overcome their generational traumas, relationship challenges, and parenting struggles. I have been striving to help individuals gain a better understanding of themselves and the world around them since obtaining my Master’s degree in Social Work from Grand Valley State University. My trauma-informed approach is rooted in untangling the complex interplay between childhood experiences, mental health, relationships, and overall well-being. Utilizing a variety of evidence-based techniques, my mission is to help individuals achieve their goals.
(616) 205-9448 View (616) 205-9448
Photo of Mariele Feldpausch, Counselor in 49546, MI
Mariele Feldpausch
Counselor, LLPC
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Being a parent in today’s world is exhausting and navigating difficult experiences can add to the exhaustion. Many parents face high expectations placed by the world and themselves. On top of these high expectations, parents have their own challenges such as perinatal/postpartum mental health, women's issues, relationship challenges, intimacy concerns, and family conflict. When receiving counseling from me, you don’t have to navigate these challenges alone and can rest in a safe space to discuss your experiences.
Being a parent in today’s world is exhausting and navigating difficult experiences can add to the exhaustion. Many parents face high expectations placed by the world and themselves. On top of these high expectations, parents have their own challenges such as perinatal/postpartum mental health, women's issues, relationship challenges, intimacy concerns, and family conflict. When receiving counseling from me, you don’t have to navigate these challenges alone and can rest in a safe space to discuss your experiences.
(616) 504-6304 View (616) 504-6304
Photo of Shasta Gross, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49546, MI
Shasta Gross
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
I am passionate about people from all walks of life. I enjoy working with a variety of individuals from those walking through hard seasons, struggling with big decisions, anxiety, depression, experiencing grief and loss to wanting to work through significant traumas and emotional healing.
I am passionate about people from all walks of life. I enjoy working with a variety of individuals from those walking through hard seasons, struggling with big decisions, anxiety, depression, experiencing grief and loss to wanting to work through significant traumas and emotional healing.
(616) 213-3601 View (616) 213-3601
Photo of Jeffery Kieliszewski, Psychologist in 49546, MI
Jeffery Kieliszewski
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Are you feeling "stuck", overwhelmed, or confused in your life? Do you have a specific difficulty or problem that seems to be preventing you from finding fulfillment in your life and relationships? I can help. Starting therapy or counseling can be daunting or even scary. I will provide you with an environment that is non-judgmental and warm with a practical orientation to help you overcome difficulties and improve your life.
Are you feeling "stuck", overwhelmed, or confused in your life? Do you have a specific difficulty or problem that seems to be preventing you from finding fulfillment in your life and relationships? I can help. Starting therapy or counseling can be daunting or even scary. I will provide you with an environment that is non-judgmental and warm with a practical orientation to help you overcome difficulties and improve your life.
(616) 439-0850 View (616) 439-0850
Photo of Lex Miller, Counselor in 49546, MI
Lex Miller
Counselor, MA, LLC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Hello there, I'm Lex. Are you feeling disconnected from your body, interested in exploring patterns, working through trauma, or would like to begin the next chapter of your life but are feeling stuck? As your counselor, my priority is understanding your perspective and empowering you to explore your inner world, celebrate your strengths, and honor your resilience. We will work together to get creatively curious about how to move forward by starting on the journey of creating goals in a non-judgmental, safe, and inclusive space. I recognize and support the unique strengths and perspectives of neurodivergent individuals.
Hello there, I'm Lex. Are you feeling disconnected from your body, interested in exploring patterns, working through trauma, or would like to begin the next chapter of your life but are feeling stuck? As your counselor, my priority is understanding your perspective and empowering you to explore your inner world, celebrate your strengths, and honor your resilience. We will work together to get creatively curious about how to move forward by starting on the journey of creating goals in a non-judgmental, safe, and inclusive space. I recognize and support the unique strengths and perspectives of neurodivergent individuals.
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Photo of Marlene L Lathrop, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Marlene L Lathrop
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, CSW, BCD, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Currently offering Teleheasth Services, Marlene L. Lathrop, LMSW, BCD, a licensed Clinical Social Worker, Board Certified by the American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work. Specializing in "Women Who Love Too Much"; Emotional Intelligence; Interpersonal Skills; Self-compassion and Mind:Behavior Connection. Considered warm, "real" and supportive, Marlene focuses on helping you problem-solve, take action, and reach your goals. Marlene has written articles published in national magazines; "Women's Lifestyle"; featured in the Grand Rapids Press; and a column for college "Standout" magazine.
Currently offering Teleheasth Services, Marlene L. Lathrop, LMSW, BCD, a licensed Clinical Social Worker, Board Certified by the American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work. Specializing in "Women Who Love Too Much"; Emotional Intelligence; Interpersonal Skills; Self-compassion and Mind:Behavior Connection. Considered warm, "real" and supportive, Marlene focuses on helping you problem-solve, take action, and reach your goals. Marlene has written articles published in national magazines; "Women's Lifestyle"; featured in the Grand Rapids Press; and a column for college "Standout" magazine.
(616) 920-0354 View (616) 920-0354
Photo of Chris Bardelli, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Chris Bardelli
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Not accepting new clients
The clients that I have had the opportunity to work with are among the bravest people I have met. It is that courage that leads people to reach out and ask for help with what they are unable to do themselves. I am humbled to be a part of that process. Using a combination of cognitive behavioral techniques, mindfulness, empathy and levity, we can work through issues of anxiety, depression, and eating disorders of any kind.
The clients that I have had the opportunity to work with are among the bravest people I have met. It is that courage that leads people to reach out and ask for help with what they are unable to do themselves. I am humbled to be a part of that process. Using a combination of cognitive behavioral techniques, mindfulness, empathy and levity, we can work through issues of anxiety, depression, and eating disorders of any kind.
(616) 723-8315 View (616) 723-8315
Photo of Magdalen Vogt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49546, MI
Magdalen Vogt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Magdalen Vogt is a Licensed Master Social Worker with 4 years of experience in mental health. She came into the field of therapy with the goal of helping people from all walks of life navigate their emotional burdens, relationship issues, stress, anxiety, and/or depression, manage life transitions, and heal from traumas. Her ideal client is an adult who is dedicated to the therapeutic process and building a strong therapeutic alliance together. Magdalen graduated from Grand Valley State University and obtained her Master of Social Work degree (LMSW).
Magdalen Vogt is a Licensed Master Social Worker with 4 years of experience in mental health. She came into the field of therapy with the goal of helping people from all walks of life navigate their emotional burdens, relationship issues, stress, anxiety, and/or depression, manage life transitions, and heal from traumas. Her ideal client is an adult who is dedicated to the therapeutic process and building a strong therapeutic alliance together. Magdalen graduated from Grand Valley State University and obtained her Master of Social Work degree (LMSW).
(616) 920-6740 View (616) 920-6740

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 49546

400+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 49546 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
91% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
72% Coping Skills
70% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
68% Priority Health
67% Aetna

How Therapists in 49546 see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 49546?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.