Therapists in 49501

Photo of Ardrace D Morris, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 49501, MI
Ardrace D Morris
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MS, MA, TLLP
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Are you feeling powerless? Is your fear, anger, confusion, and indecision getting the best of you? Unfortunately, we cannot control the experiences that impact us. At times, your lens of experience can lead you to a place of depression, anxiety, stress, or not living your best life. I will support you in facing adversity and reclaiming your power of self-love. Taking this step towards therapy is commendable. At 1 Verse Counseling and Consulting we believe you deserve to be "Mentally Well" 1 Verse at a time!
Are you feeling powerless? Is your fear, anger, confusion, and indecision getting the best of you? Unfortunately, we cannot control the experiences that impact us. At times, your lens of experience can lead you to a place of depression, anxiety, stress, or not living your best life. I will support you in facing adversity and reclaiming your power of self-love. Taking this step towards therapy is commendable. At 1 Verse Counseling and Consulting we believe you deserve to be "Mentally Well" 1 Verse at a time!
(616) 207-0354 View (616) 207-0354
Photo of Tricia Wells, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Tricia Wells
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
As a clinician, I believe in meeting clients where they are, identifying their strengths and barriers, in order to assist in developing a personalized plan for treatment and life management. I do not believe in a “cookie-cutter” method, and I am very open to exploring new methods and using multiple approaches to help each client individually. I assist my clients with understanding their behavior patterns and the changes they want to make while in treatment. Being in therapy means some form of change. Change can be different from client to client because each client has unique needs.
As a clinician, I believe in meeting clients where they are, identifying their strengths and barriers, in order to assist in developing a personalized plan for treatment and life management. I do not believe in a “cookie-cutter” method, and I am very open to exploring new methods and using multiple approaches to help each client individually. I assist my clients with understanding their behavior patterns and the changes they want to make while in treatment. Being in therapy means some form of change. Change can be different from client to client because each client has unique needs.
(616) 528-9112 View (616) 528-9112
Photo of Daniel K Ehnis, Psychologist in 49501, MI
Daniel K Ehnis
Psychologist, EdD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I have 44 years experience in helping couples recover from affairs, manage conflict, improve communication and intimacy.
I have 44 years experience in helping couples recover from affairs, manage conflict, improve communication and intimacy.
(616) 377-0076 View (616) 377-0076
Photo of Kurt Visker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Kurt Visker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Our many experiences in life shape the way we think about ourselves and the world around us. We use these shaped thoughts to make decisions and form relationships. Many times they are healthy rational thoughts, but at times we fall into an unhealthy irrational pattern that can create chaos in our lives. My role as a therapist is to help you increase your awareness and sort out the chaos. I enjoy building strong therapeutic relationships founded on empathy and respect that shapes a safe environment. Join me in a conversation that will walk you down a path of self discovery.
Our many experiences in life shape the way we think about ourselves and the world around us. We use these shaped thoughts to make decisions and form relationships. Many times they are healthy rational thoughts, but at times we fall into an unhealthy irrational pattern that can create chaos in our lives. My role as a therapist is to help you increase your awareness and sort out the chaos. I enjoy building strong therapeutic relationships founded on empathy and respect that shapes a safe environment. Join me in a conversation that will walk you down a path of self discovery.
(616) 449-2086 View (616) 449-2086
Photo of Jessica Rose Hoekstra, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 49501, MI
Jessica Rose Hoekstra
Limited Licensed Psychologist, LLP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
As a therapist, I believe that building a relationship is the most important part of the therapeutic process. From that relationship, it becomes possible to examine difficult areas of your life in order to experience growth and security within yourself. The therapeutic setting provides a unique opportunity to pause the busyness of everyday life and sort through present or past concerns that may be affecting you and your family.
As a therapist, I believe that building a relationship is the most important part of the therapeutic process. From that relationship, it becomes possible to examine difficult areas of your life in order to experience growth and security within yourself. The therapeutic setting provides a unique opportunity to pause the busyness of everyday life and sort through present or past concerns that may be affecting you and your family.
(616) 528-9132 View (616) 528-9132
Photo of Victor S Wagner, Psychologist in 49501, MI
Victor S Wagner
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I have been in practice for more than 30 years. I work with people of all ages and with a broad range of problems. I also teach family physicians and medical students consequently, I am experienced in working with people who are dealing with the effects of an acute or chronic medical problem in their life and on their relationships. I have training and experience in family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, narrative therapy and mindfulness based stress reduction.I have worked extensively with children and adolescents on problems stemming from ADHD and resulting in behavioral concerns.
I have been in practice for more than 30 years. I work with people of all ages and with a broad range of problems. I also teach family physicians and medical students consequently, I am experienced in working with people who are dealing with the effects of an acute or chronic medical problem in their life and on their relationships. I have training and experience in family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, narrative therapy and mindfulness based stress reduction.I have worked extensively with children and adolescents on problems stemming from ADHD and resulting in behavioral concerns.
(616) 504-1166 View (616) 504-1166
Photo of Beth Boshoven, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Beth Boshoven
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Not accepting new clients
I work primarily with children and adults facing issues related to life transitions. I see many people who have experienced trauma, health situations and who are dealing with life stressors. I have worked with many individuals and families who have experienced the death of a loved one, and have focused much of my practice on seeing clients who have experienced trauma and loss, both physically and emotionally. I feel I am an educated professional who works to offer insight, education and support to my clients. I enjoy working with all ages.
I work primarily with children and adults facing issues related to life transitions. I see many people who have experienced trauma, health situations and who are dealing with life stressors. I have worked with many individuals and families who have experienced the death of a loved one, and have focused much of my practice on seeing clients who have experienced trauma and loss, both physically and emotionally. I feel I am an educated professional who works to offer insight, education and support to my clients. I enjoy working with all ages.
(616) 965-7840 View (616) 965-7840
Photo of Megan Coleman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Megan Coleman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I am a child and family therapist, offering child and adolescent individual and family therapy. Overall, I find the therapeutic relationship the most important piece of therapy, and use an integrative approach including evidence-based treatment. My goal is to provide a welcoming, open-minded, and supportive therapy environment focused on helping clients make the changes they want in their lives.
I am a child and family therapist, offering child and adolescent individual and family therapy. Overall, I find the therapeutic relationship the most important piece of therapy, and use an integrative approach including evidence-based treatment. My goal is to provide a welcoming, open-minded, and supportive therapy environment focused on helping clients make the changes they want in their lives.
(616) 288-2627 View (616) 288-2627
Photo of Alicia Wilder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Alicia Wilder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I believe it is a privilege to work with individuals who are courageous enough to face the painful experiences and emotions that often hold us back from being our most authentic selves. It is my mission to provide you with the tools to safely explore your inner world. I will journey with you towards meaningful transformation and behavior change so you can awaken the best version of you that already lies within! I do this in a way that is kind and genuine, and I am truly passionate about the sacred work of assisting others in self growth.
I believe it is a privilege to work with individuals who are courageous enough to face the painful experiences and emotions that often hold us back from being our most authentic selves. It is my mission to provide you with the tools to safely explore your inner world. I will journey with you towards meaningful transformation and behavior change so you can awaken the best version of you that already lies within! I do this in a way that is kind and genuine, and I am truly passionate about the sacred work of assisting others in self growth.
(616) 431-4309 View (616) 431-4309
Photo of Douglas A Wilson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49501, MI
Douglas A Wilson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I believe we all desire to live freely, love fully, be our real, true selves, and become our best selves. I want that for myself, and I want that you. But this earth we inhabit is a broken place, and life is messy and complicated. Relationships can be tricky too. Understanding and managing our own emotions, while trying to live with, and care for others and their stuff, often seems like an impossible endeavor. We all struggle with something or someone sometime, and there is no good reason to face yours alone. Life cannot be done on our own - it is too complex. We need others, others need us, and we all need GOD.
I believe we all desire to live freely, love fully, be our real, true selves, and become our best selves. I want that for myself, and I want that you. But this earth we inhabit is a broken place, and life is messy and complicated. Relationships can be tricky too. Understanding and managing our own emotions, while trying to live with, and care for others and their stuff, often seems like an impossible endeavor. We all struggle with something or someone sometime, and there is no good reason to face yours alone. Life cannot be done on our own - it is too complex. We need others, others need us, and we all need GOD.
(616) 312-2145 View (616) 312-2145
Photo of Lisa C. Townsend, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Lisa C. Townsend
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DMin, LMSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Christian Counselor: Victimization, Trauma, Individual, Family & Relationship Conflicts. Life throws everyone a curb, unexpected or recurring, that will shake the very core of what one believes in, even their spirituality & faith in God. Curbs, Setbacks or bumps in the road can be opportunities to face ones weaknesses, build on strengths. These experiences can be traumatic, but they don't have to dictate who you are or debilitate you & who you become. With incorporation of years of clinical & spiritual experience in Christian Counseling, you can be well on your way to grasping the building blocks of clinical emphathetic counseling & your faith to keep your life together.
Christian Counselor: Victimization, Trauma, Individual, Family & Relationship Conflicts. Life throws everyone a curb, unexpected or recurring, that will shake the very core of what one believes in, even their spirituality & faith in God. Curbs, Setbacks or bumps in the road can be opportunities to face ones weaknesses, build on strengths. These experiences can be traumatic, but they don't have to dictate who you are or debilitate you & who you become. With incorporation of years of clinical & spiritual experience in Christian Counseling, you can be well on your way to grasping the building blocks of clinical emphathetic counseling & your faith to keep your life together.
(616) 207-8125 View (616) 207-8125
Photo of Stephani C Morgan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Stephani C Morgan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CCM
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I have special interest and expertise in the treatment of psycho-social issues related to traumatic brain injuries, depression and anxiety disorders, young children, adolescents, and adults, parenting support/education, home and community-based treatment, school challenges, childhood trauma, and social skills training. My rural upbringing gives me a down-to-earth perspective promoting self-efficacy, while my education and worldliness serve to inform my interventions to meet the unique needs of a diverse patient population. I strive to provide treatment that is both compassionate and competent.
I have special interest and expertise in the treatment of psycho-social issues related to traumatic brain injuries, depression and anxiety disorders, young children, adolescents, and adults, parenting support/education, home and community-based treatment, school challenges, childhood trauma, and social skills training. My rural upbringing gives me a down-to-earth perspective promoting self-efficacy, while my education and worldliness serve to inform my interventions to meet the unique needs of a diverse patient population. I strive to provide treatment that is both compassionate and competent.
(616) 312-2330 View (616) 312-2330
Photo of Amy Wierda, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Amy Wierda
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Hello! I’m a licensed clinical social worker and I have worked in school social work, foster care, adoption, adolescent residential treatment, crisis assessment at Pine Rest Hospital, and outpatient treatment. I have been in private practice for 20 years. It is my privilege to listen to, and be with, people in their stories. Making sense of our narrative is a fundamental component to a healthy mind and spirit. And making peace with our perfectly imperfect, and unique version of humanity is essential for our emotional life and our thought space. It would be my privilege to hear your story. Peace, Amy
Hello! I’m a licensed clinical social worker and I have worked in school social work, foster care, adoption, adolescent residential treatment, crisis assessment at Pine Rest Hospital, and outpatient treatment. I have been in private practice for 20 years. It is my privilege to listen to, and be with, people in their stories. Making sense of our narrative is a fundamental component to a healthy mind and spirit. And making peace with our perfectly imperfect, and unique version of humanity is essential for our emotional life and our thought space. It would be my privilege to hear your story. Peace, Amy
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Photo of Kelly Ram, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49501, MI
Kelly Ram
Licensed Professional Counselor, LLC, LPC
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
My vision is to help clients get away from dysfunction to full potential, to help them live a life worth living. I enjoy clients who do not feel "in-tune" with themselves because of past experiences & it is important to me to help realign their lives in order to be intentional about who they want to be, what boundaries they want for life, & also to help them take care of themselves. Whether your struggles are a result of past trauma, divorce/broken relationships, life transitions & changes, or whether it is just a little bit of adjustments needing to be made, set aside the politics/pressure of the world, I want to help YOU!
My vision is to help clients get away from dysfunction to full potential, to help them live a life worth living. I enjoy clients who do not feel "in-tune" with themselves because of past experiences & it is important to me to help realign their lives in order to be intentional about who they want to be, what boundaries they want for life, & also to help them take care of themselves. Whether your struggles are a result of past trauma, divorce/broken relationships, life transitions & changes, or whether it is just a little bit of adjustments needing to be made, set aside the politics/pressure of the world, I want to help YOU!
(616) 818-1637 View (616) 818-1637
Photo of Tracy A Zavala, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49501, MI
Tracy A Zavala
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
We all have times when we need help with getting through the challenges of life. Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, other mental health concerns; or perhaps parenting a child with emotional and behavioral concerns, I am glad to help. I have twenty plus years of experience working with individuals and families in settings including: partial hospitalization, preschool, juvenile court, adolescent residential treatment, nonprofit organizations and community mental health. Contact me to discuss your needs and how I may best assist you, or your child/family.
We all have times when we need help with getting through the challenges of life. Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, other mental health concerns; or perhaps parenting a child with emotional and behavioral concerns, I am glad to help. I have twenty plus years of experience working with individuals and families in settings including: partial hospitalization, preschool, juvenile court, adolescent residential treatment, nonprofit organizations and community mental health. Contact me to discuss your needs and how I may best assist you, or your child/family.
(616) 414-3186 View (616) 414-3186
Photo of Impact Counseling and Consulting Services, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49501, MI
Impact Counseling and Consulting Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I am an African American Cognitive and Behavioral Therapist and previously Licensed K-12 School Counselor. I am the CEO of Impact Counseling and Consulting Services. Currently, I provide traditional and virtual counseling options in the Grand Rapids Michigan and San Antonio Texas areas. I treat behavioral issues , anxiety, PTSD, while providing individual, family/group counseling sessions in the comfort and convenience of your own home, office, or wherever WIFI is available.
I am an African American Cognitive and Behavioral Therapist and previously Licensed K-12 School Counselor. I am the CEO of Impact Counseling and Consulting Services. Currently, I provide traditional and virtual counseling options in the Grand Rapids Michigan and San Antonio Texas areas. I treat behavioral issues , anxiety, PTSD, while providing individual, family/group counseling sessions in the comfort and convenience of your own home, office, or wherever WIFI is available.
(616) 557-6058 View (616) 557-6058
Photo of Paul Hoskins Counseling LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in 49501, MI
Paul Hoskins Counseling LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LLP, LPC, LLMFT
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501  (Online Only)
When I have couples and individuals reach out to me they are often experiencing some of the most difficult times in their lives. One of my first jobs is to help instill hope that things can be different in their lives and that counseling can help their lives change for the better. I am understanding of many people's initial skepticism as I work with people, often couples, who have had one or more failed counseling experiences. I am always pleased to see how couples and individuals make progress with me in the places that they had struggled in the past.
When I have couples and individuals reach out to me they are often experiencing some of the most difficult times in their lives. One of my first jobs is to help instill hope that things can be different in their lives and that counseling can help their lives change for the better. I am understanding of many people's initial skepticism as I work with people, often couples, who have had one or more failed counseling experiences. I am always pleased to see how couples and individuals make progress with me in the places that they had struggled in the past.
(269) 443-1162 View (269) 443-1162
Photo of Chadwick G Boehm, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49501, MI
Chadwick G Boehm
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I specialize in treating children and adolescents who may be experiencing behavioral challenges, attachment issues, anxiety, depression, PTSD and eating disorders. I treat adults who may have past history of trauma. My focus is on developing a safe, trusting and strong therapeutic relationship in order for healing to occur and to have a sense of hope restored. I engage clients through a use of a number of therapeutic approaches including; superhero therapy (with kids and adolescents), motivational interviewing, solution focused therapy, art therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy.
I specialize in treating children and adolescents who may be experiencing behavioral challenges, attachment issues, anxiety, depression, PTSD and eating disorders. I treat adults who may have past history of trauma. My focus is on developing a safe, trusting and strong therapeutic relationship in order for healing to occur and to have a sense of hope restored. I engage clients through a use of a number of therapeutic approaches including; superhero therapy (with kids and adolescents), motivational interviewing, solution focused therapy, art therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy.
(616) 298-3845 View (616) 298-3845
Photo of Jason Hawkins, Counselor in 49501, MI
Jason Hawkins
Counselor, LPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) who strives to provide effective evidenced based treatments to individuals and family's struggling with anxiety disorders (specifically Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder). I view treatment as a collaborative team effort involving the individual and family. My goal is to create a safe and supportive environment that allows for healing and growth.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) who strives to provide effective evidenced based treatments to individuals and family's struggling with anxiety disorders (specifically Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder). I view treatment as a collaborative team effort involving the individual and family. My goal is to create a safe and supportive environment that allows for healing and growth.
(616) 312-2181 View (616) 312-2181
Photo of Susan Jane Powers, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 49501, MI
Susan Jane Powers
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, LLP
Verified Verified
Grand Rapids, MI 49501
I offer a full range of services to individuals, couples, and families. My services include psychotherapy and assessment for issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship problems, parenting issues, personal growth and development, grief and loss. My ideal client would be someone who wants to live life to the fullest and is committed to developing the skills he or shee needs to reach that goal!
I offer a full range of services to individuals, couples, and families. My services include psychotherapy and assessment for issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship problems, parenting issues, personal growth and development, grief and loss. My ideal client would be someone who wants to live life to the fullest and is committed to developing the skills he or shee needs to reach that goal!
(616) 328-6958 View (616) 328-6958

See more therapy options for 49501

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 49501

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 49501 who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
85% Depression
72% Trauma and PTSD
72% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
69% Relationship Issues
67% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
58% Aetna
56% Blue Care Network

How Therapists in 49501 see their clients

54% In Person and Online
46% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
24% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 49501?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.