Photo of Cortney Jebelian, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49001, MI
Cortney Jebelian
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
I specialize in OCD, anxiety, and perfectionism. People who come to me often feel anxious, misunderstood, and invalidated. They may have tried other types of therapy with limited results.
I specialize in OCD, anxiety, and perfectionism. People who come to me often feel anxious, misunderstood, and invalidated. They may have tried other types of therapy with limited results.
(269) 222-7837 View (269) 222-7837
Photo of Ana Mayari Diaz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Ana Mayari Diaz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
Is a part of you feeling ready to engage in therapy but another part of you is anxious at the thought of becoming vulnerable? Or maybe there is a different part of you feeling hopeless, depressed, and wondering “Why even bother?” I will walk alongside you to assess the inner conflicts that may be present. Sometimes, the “inner conflict” happening is between these “parts.”
Is a part of you feeling ready to engage in therapy but another part of you is anxious at the thought of becoming vulnerable? Or maybe there is a different part of you feeling hopeless, depressed, and wondering “Why even bother?” I will walk alongside you to assess the inner conflicts that may be present. Sometimes, the “inner conflict” happening is between these “parts.”
(269) 291-0346 View (269) 291-0346
Photo of Becki Beronja, Counselor in 49001, MI
Becki Beronja
Counselor, MA, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Life is hard. Sometimes it is even more than we can manage on our own. I believe it is an honor to hear your story and hold space for you while you work through these hard times. It is my job to listen and support you while we work together to find your strengths and improve your quality of life. I work with people who struggle with anxiety, depression, ADD, Autism, mid-life transitions, mood disorders, and more. I work often with LGBTQ+ and Neurodivergent clients.
Life is hard. Sometimes it is even more than we can manage on our own. I believe it is an honor to hear your story and hold space for you while you work through these hard times. It is my job to listen and support you while we work together to find your strengths and improve your quality of life. I work with people who struggle with anxiety, depression, ADD, Autism, mid-life transitions, mood disorders, and more. I work often with LGBTQ+ and Neurodivergent clients.
(269) 291-0484 View (269) 291-0484
Photo of Just Janine Therapy & Co , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Just Janine Therapy & Co
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LMSW-C, CCM
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
How often have you been overlooked, gaslit, or ignored by others whose role was to help you? How many professionals treated you as if you were just another case number or neglected to build rapport in getting to know you, for you?Janine has felt the exact same way. Instead of contributing to the problem, she adapted a mindset to become a part of the solution in helping others in need. The, "Just Janine Therapy & Co.," brand is two-fold.The definition of Just is based on, "Behaving according to what is morally right and fair (Oxford Dictionary, 2023)." Providing upright, honest, therapy for girls is the ultimate goal for our clients.
How often have you been overlooked, gaslit, or ignored by others whose role was to help you? How many professionals treated you as if you were just another case number or neglected to build rapport in getting to know you, for you?Janine has felt the exact same way. Instead of contributing to the problem, she adapted a mindset to become a part of the solution in helping others in need. The, "Just Janine Therapy & Co.," brand is two-fold.The definition of Just is based on, "Behaving according to what is morally right and fair (Oxford Dictionary, 2023)." Providing upright, honest, therapy for girls is the ultimate goal for our clients.
(313) 513-3113 View (313) 513-3113
Photo of Jesenia Forbes, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49001, MI
Jesenia Forbes
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Currently accepting New Clients! As a Limited Licensed Professional Counselor, I am deeply passionate about supporting the emotional and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. With a compassionate and client-centered approach, I strive to create a safe and nurturing space where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and emotions from all walks of life. I have experience working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, and life transitions.
Currently accepting New Clients! As a Limited Licensed Professional Counselor, I am deeply passionate about supporting the emotional and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. With a compassionate and client-centered approach, I strive to create a safe and nurturing space where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and emotions from all walks of life. I have experience working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, and life transitions.
(269) 222-7857 View (269) 222-7857
Photo of Moriah VanOrder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Moriah VanOrder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
Imagine waking up every morning, your mind clouded with a heavy fog of doubt, sadness, and fear. The weight of the world feels like an anchor, making every step forward seem impossible. For many people, this is an all-too-familiar struggle. But you're not alone in this journey. I'm here to extend a compassionate hand to help you find your way out of the darkness. You are the expert of your own experiences and have the tools to work through the issues life throws at you. I believe that healing begins with understanding.
Imagine waking up every morning, your mind clouded with a heavy fog of doubt, sadness, and fear. The weight of the world feels like an anchor, making every step forward seem impossible. For many people, this is an all-too-familiar struggle. But you're not alone in this journey. I'm here to extend a compassionate hand to help you find your way out of the darkness. You are the expert of your own experiences and have the tools to work through the issues life throws at you. I believe that healing begins with understanding.
(269) 399-3767 View (269) 399-3767
Photo of Marisa Kowalski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Marisa Kowalski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
I have experience working with people who are facing challenges in their lives. Whether it be mental health, adjusting to a difficult time or stressful life transition, chronic illness and/or chronic pain, processing trauma and grief, work stress, or caregiver stress/burnout I provide a safe and comfortable environment for you to explore and resolve the issues you are dealing with.
I have experience working with people who are facing challenges in their lives. Whether it be mental health, adjusting to a difficult time or stressful life transition, chronic illness and/or chronic pain, processing trauma and grief, work stress, or caregiver stress/burnout I provide a safe and comfortable environment for you to explore and resolve the issues you are dealing with.
(269) 580-8281 View (269) 580-8281
Photo of Brooke McKenzie, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Brooke McKenzie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, QIDP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
I want to start off by saying that I am proud of you for taking the first step in healing! Making the choice to seek out therapy can be a tough one, choosing your therapist shouldn’t be. My goal as your therapist is to create a comfortable and safe environment (however that may look for you) to process, heal and grow. It is important to me that your therapy space is inclusive, trauma informed and person centered.
I want to start off by saying that I am proud of you for taking the first step in healing! Making the choice to seek out therapy can be a tough one, choosing your therapist shouldn’t be. My goal as your therapist is to create a comfortable and safe environment (however that may look for you) to process, heal and grow. It is important to me that your therapy space is inclusive, trauma informed and person centered.
(269) 340-3372 View (269) 340-3372
Photo of Jonathan Owen Kraker in 49001, MI
Jonathan Owen Kraker
MSc
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
I specialize in working with clients who are motivated individuals, at a crossroads in either career or life, looking to unlock a more fulfilling path. You might be eyeing a bold new career move, preparing for retirement, or seeking a healthier lifestyle. You value a structured, yet flexible approach to personal growth, and are ready to dive deep with a coach who listens, understands, and pushes you towards your dreams. If you're looking for a supportive partner in your journey, I’m here to help. Let’s explore what’s possible together.
I specialize in working with clients who are motivated individuals, at a crossroads in either career or life, looking to unlock a more fulfilling path. You might be eyeing a bold new career move, preparing for retirement, or seeking a healthier lifestyle. You value a structured, yet flexible approach to personal growth, and are ready to dive deep with a coach who listens, understands, and pushes you towards your dreams. If you're looking for a supportive partner in your journey, I’m here to help. Let’s explore what’s possible together.
(269) 390-3986 View (269) 390-3986
Assessment Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD, LP, ABAP
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Since the 1980s, I have seen many clients seeking psychological assessments. At the first meeting with the client, I do thorough psychosocial history to assess individual strengths and ask the person to work with me on what needs to be changed. From there, I decide what testing would be helpful and set up an appointment for the assessment battery. Additionally, I have taught counseling skills as well as psychological assessments to graduate doctoral students for many years. I have taught courses in forensic psychology and brain behavior relationships. I supervise the work of several counselors and psychologists.
Since the 1980s, I have seen many clients seeking psychological assessments. At the first meeting with the client, I do thorough psychosocial history to assess individual strengths and ask the person to work with me on what needs to be changed. From there, I decide what testing would be helpful and set up an appointment for the assessment battery. Additionally, I have taught counseling skills as well as psychological assessments to graduate doctoral students for many years. I have taught courses in forensic psychology and brain behavior relationships. I supervise the work of several counselors and psychologists.
(269) 248-5721 View (269) 248-5721
Photo of Esther Garcia Thriving Mariposa Online Counseling , Licensed Professional Counselor in 49001, MI
Esther Garcia Thriving Mariposa Online Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck in your current situation? Are you Always putting others’ needs before your own and wish someone would step up to help you? Do you find yourself questioning if you’re good enough? Have you gotten the message that you are unable to make your own decisions, or that you can't trust yourself? Have you experienced an unexpected life change but somehow feel broken and unsure/unable/unwilling to move forward? Do you find yourself feeling burnt out and at the same time feeling like you are constantly having to prove yourself? If this is you trust me, You're NOT Alone and there is help to get you feeling like you again!
Are you feeling stuck in your current situation? Are you Always putting others’ needs before your own and wish someone would step up to help you? Do you find yourself questioning if you’re good enough? Have you gotten the message that you are unable to make your own decisions, or that you can't trust yourself? Have you experienced an unexpected life change but somehow feel broken and unsure/unable/unwilling to move forward? Do you find yourself feeling burnt out and at the same time feeling like you are constantly having to prove yourself? If this is you trust me, You're NOT Alone and there is help to get you feeling like you again!
(269) 215-4635 View (269) 215-4635
Photo of Kathy Pyatt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Kathy Pyatt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
I began as a life coach and became a therapist in 2017 because I wanted to help people in a deeper way. I adjust to your pace: maybe you are coming in with a concern about something that happened recently and you just want another person's insight on it; or maybe you have past trauma that you'd like to finally unhook from. With deeper work, I like to get an idea of your whole picture -- emotionally, psychologically and spiritually -- so I can help you reach whatever goal or resolve whatever issue you come in with.
I began as a life coach and became a therapist in 2017 because I wanted to help people in a deeper way. I adjust to your pace: maybe you are coming in with a concern about something that happened recently and you just want another person's insight on it; or maybe you have past trauma that you'd like to finally unhook from. With deeper work, I like to get an idea of your whole picture -- emotionally, psychologically and spiritually -- so I can help you reach whatever goal or resolve whatever issue you come in with.
(269) 344-0202 View (269) 344-0202
Photo of Linda L Herrin, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49001, MI
Linda L Herrin
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ITCA, PLLC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
You are not broken, you are deeply hurt. It is easy to find yourself in unhelpful patterns & ways of being. This might be due to your nervous system being flooded with anger, fear & despair. In a creative way to survive, you have found self-protection strategies. Unfortunately, these strategies are likely no longer helpful. Part of our work together will be unraveling this muscle memory to reveal how you can live a life that is true to you. YOU become the place of self-awareness, peaceful acceptance & intentional action. As a certified trauma professional & art therapist, I integrate these tools into our therapeutic work.
You are not broken, you are deeply hurt. It is easy to find yourself in unhelpful patterns & ways of being. This might be due to your nervous system being flooded with anger, fear & despair. In a creative way to survive, you have found self-protection strategies. Unfortunately, these strategies are likely no longer helpful. Part of our work together will be unraveling this muscle memory to reveal how you can live a life that is true to you. YOU become the place of self-awareness, peaceful acceptance & intentional action. As a certified trauma professional & art therapist, I integrate these tools into our therapeutic work.
(269) 580-8246 View (269) 580-8246
Photo of Kate Zeigert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Kate Zeigert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Hi! I’m so happy you’re here. I know how hard it is to take the first step of reaching out for support. My name is Katherine, you can call me Kate. I am both the founder of Monarch Therapy LLC and a Clinical Social Worker. My specialization is in trauma, and I am trained in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT).I primarily work with individuals ages 16 and older, however I do accept younger adolescents on a limited basis. Please feel free to reach out if you have any questions or would like to schedule a consultation to see if we will be a good fit. I look forward to hearing from you!
Hi! I’m so happy you’re here. I know how hard it is to take the first step of reaching out for support. My name is Katherine, you can call me Kate. I am both the founder of Monarch Therapy LLC and a Clinical Social Worker. My specialization is in trauma, and I am trained in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT).I primarily work with individuals ages 16 and older, however I do accept younger adolescents on a limited basis. Please feel free to reach out if you have any questions or would like to schedule a consultation to see if we will be a good fit. I look forward to hearing from you!
(269) 225-6101 View (269) 225-6101
Photo of Renee Russo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 49001, MI
Renee Russo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
My goal as a therapist is to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment where we can work together to help you deal with the challenges that life throws your way. I can help by giving you the tools that you need to cope with your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I can also help you develop skills for dealing with past or current trauma, mood disorders and self-harm behaviors, among other things.
My goal as a therapist is to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment where we can work together to help you deal with the challenges that life throws your way. I can help by giving you the tools that you need to cope with your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I can also help you develop skills for dealing with past or current trauma, mood disorders and self-harm behaviors, among other things.
(269) 248-3897 View (269) 248-3897
Photo of Evan Gurley, LPC Intern in 49001, MI
Evan Gurley
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Hi! My name is Evan, and I am a student therapist/intern. I was born and raised in the suburbs outside of Washington D.C. and I recently moved to Kalamazoo to earn my counseling degree from Western Michigan. Therapy is my passion because I believe that expressing your feelings and thoughts allows you to know and love yourself. I believe that it is a miracle that I can help someone feel happier through dialogue and I would be grateful for the opportunity to talk with you. I am fascinated by attachment theory, which is about building strong relationships with others in order to feel safe and confident in the world.
Hi! My name is Evan, and I am a student therapist/intern. I was born and raised in the suburbs outside of Washington D.C. and I recently moved to Kalamazoo to earn my counseling degree from Western Michigan. Therapy is my passion because I believe that expressing your feelings and thoughts allows you to know and love yourself. I believe that it is a miracle that I can help someone feel happier through dialogue and I would be grateful for the opportunity to talk with you. I am fascinated by attachment theory, which is about building strong relationships with others in order to feel safe and confident in the world.
(269) 442-0982 View (269) 442-0982
Photo of Kalamazoo Empowerment Services, PLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Kalamazoo Empowerment Services, PLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LLMSW, CAADC, ADS, TLLP
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Our mission is to provide a safe space for individuals, families, and groups to explore and resolve life issues. We offer an array of therapeutic services to meet the needs of diverse populations. If you are dealing with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, anger, trauma or other issues related to mental health or substance abuses, don't hesitate to call us. We offer in person, virtual, and in- home sessions. Don't wait, we're ready to help you.
Our mission is to provide a safe space for individuals, families, and groups to explore and resolve life issues. We offer an array of therapeutic services to meet the needs of diverse populations. If you are dealing with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, anger, trauma or other issues related to mental health or substance abuses, don't hesitate to call us. We offer in person, virtual, and in- home sessions. Don't wait, we're ready to help you.
(269) 241-9226 View (269) 241-9226
Photo of Dr. Sarah Pouliot, Psychologist in 49001, MI
Dr. Sarah Pouliot
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Choosing a therapist is a very personal decision. To me, therapy becomes a place where two people come together to embark on a journey of personal discovery and growth. I believe healing and transformation occur in the context of a shared therapeutic experience - of a "you and me" - through your experiences and my expertise, we will chart new pathways to fulfilled living and relating. From finding relief and feeling better to gaining insight and developing oneself, you will not be alone. It takes courage to reach out; I am here to help you make that connection.
Choosing a therapist is a very personal decision. To me, therapy becomes a place where two people come together to embark on a journey of personal discovery and growth. I believe healing and transformation occur in the context of a shared therapeutic experience - of a "you and me" - through your experiences and my expertise, we will chart new pathways to fulfilled living and relating. From finding relief and feeling better to gaining insight and developing oneself, you will not be alone. It takes courage to reach out; I am here to help you make that connection.
(734) 619-6636 View (734) 619-6636
Photo of Jason Kae-Smith Certified Sex Therapist, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Jason Kae-Smith Certified Sex Therapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Therapy is about possibilities: possibilities for overcoming challenges, possibilities for pursuing hopes and dreams. In my experience, the sooner you can get out from underneath the pain of life's struggles, the sooner you can reconnect with the joy of life's possibilities. I am here to help you do just that, all in an inclusive environment of safety, respect...and sometimes even a bit of humor! If this sounds like a good fit for you, please drop me a line or give me a call.
Therapy is about possibilities: possibilities for overcoming challenges, possibilities for pursuing hopes and dreams. In my experience, the sooner you can get out from underneath the pain of life's struggles, the sooner you can reconnect with the joy of life's possibilities. I am here to help you do just that, all in an inclusive environment of safety, respect...and sometimes even a bit of humor! If this sounds like a good fit for you, please drop me a line or give me a call.
(616) 421-4623 View (616) 421-4623
Photo of Alan W Strong, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 49001, MI
Alan W Strong
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Waitlist for new clients
I have over 25 years experience working with teenagers, young adults, and parents. My clinical experience includes juvenile delinquency, School performance issues, Bullying, Parent/Teenager conflict, Male issues, foster care, parenting, and individual therapy. My experience has given me the ability to connect and develop a healthy therapeutic relationship with you. I utilize a strengths-based approach in therapy to draw upon the inherent strengths of individuals and families.
I have over 25 years experience working with teenagers, young adults, and parents. My clinical experience includes juvenile delinquency, School performance issues, Bullying, Parent/Teenager conflict, Male issues, foster care, parenting, and individual therapy. My experience has given me the ability to connect and develop a healthy therapeutic relationship with you. I utilize a strengths-based approach in therapy to draw upon the inherent strengths of individuals and families.
(269) 203-3492 View (269) 203-3492

See more therapy options for 49001

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 49001

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 49001 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
93% Depression
79% Trauma and PTSD
76% Relationship Issues
75% Coping Skills
74% Self Esteem
69% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
66% Priority Health

How Therapists in 49001 see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 49001?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.