Photo of Latrice Robbins - Grief And Trauma Therapist, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Latrice Robbins - Grief And Trauma Therapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LLMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
You deserve to heal. Life happens and we need the tools to learn how to navigate through various challenges and overcome past trauma. No one can do it alone. That is why therapy is so important and plays a big role in helping people to overcome and heal. With me, you can expect to feel warmly welcomed, safe, supported, heard, and validated. I understand that there are a variety of emotions that you may feel when meeting a new therapist. I want you to know that your emotions are all valid and it is okay to feel those emotions. It’s my responsibility to help you feel as comfortable as possible and I take this very seriously.
You deserve to heal. Life happens and we need the tools to learn how to navigate through various challenges and overcome past trauma. No one can do it alone. That is why therapy is so important and plays a big role in helping people to overcome and heal. With me, you can expect to feel warmly welcomed, safe, supported, heard, and validated. I understand that there are a variety of emotions that you may feel when meeting a new therapist. I want you to know that your emotions are all valid and it is okay to feel those emotions. It’s my responsibility to help you feel as comfortable as possible and I take this very seriously.
(989) 309-2375 View (989) 309-2375
Photo of Erica L Springer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Erica L Springer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD,LMSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
IMPACCTT Enterprises, PLLC is “Challenging and Changing Thoughts...Healing Hearts...and Restoring Lives”. I am a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional I am a Therapist trained in creative therapy toward supporting children, youth, and adults with trauma histories, grief, and loss. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Adjustment Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression are substantial focus areas. I use trauma informed cognitive behavioral, mindfulness therapies, and educational activities. I am trained in play therapy. Video sessions (telehealth) are available. I am a published Author. I am available to provide clinical supervision to LLMSW’s.
IMPACCTT Enterprises, PLLC is “Challenging and Changing Thoughts...Healing Hearts...and Restoring Lives”. I am a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional I am a Therapist trained in creative therapy toward supporting children, youth, and adults with trauma histories, grief, and loss. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Adjustment Disorder, Anxiety, and Depression are substantial focus areas. I use trauma informed cognitive behavioral, mindfulness therapies, and educational activities. I am trained in play therapy. Video sessions (telehealth) are available. I am a published Author. I am available to provide clinical supervision to LLMSW’s.
(989) 308-4397 View (989) 308-4397
Photo of Amber C. Johnson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Amber C. Johnson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601
As a clinical therapist, it is my hope to help those seeking true life change. If you or someone you love is tired of living in the same downward spiral of depression, anxiety, self-harm, and hopelessness--don't give up, I am here for you.
As a clinical therapist, it is my hope to help those seeking true life change. If you or someone you love is tired of living in the same downward spiral of depression, anxiety, self-harm, and hopelessness--don't give up, I am here for you.
(989) 424-5741 View (989) 424-5741
Photo of Mrs. Ericka Booker, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Mrs. Ericka Booker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601
My goal as a therapist is to restore your life back to when you felt happy, strong, inspired, and empowered. I hope you will allow me to assist you in finding your inner strength to make positive choices and live life with a fresh and new perspective. Areas of treatment include anger, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, parenting, troubled youth, low self-esteem, as well as abuse and neglect. I am dedicated to working with adolescents, adults, and families. Together we can get through whatever life throws at you!
My goal as a therapist is to restore your life back to when you felt happy, strong, inspired, and empowered. I hope you will allow me to assist you in finding your inner strength to make positive choices and live life with a fresh and new perspective. Areas of treatment include anger, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, parenting, troubled youth, low self-esteem, as well as abuse and neglect. I am dedicated to working with adolescents, adults, and families. Together we can get through whatever life throws at you!
(989) 287-9164 View (989) 287-9164
Photo of Sara Bruewer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Sara Bruewer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
Prior to working at Michigan Psychological Care, I worked for several years at St. Vincent Catholic Charities Children's Home in Lansing, MI as a residential therapist providing individual, group, and family therapy. I have been trained in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy model to help further address incidents of trauma in children and adolescents. Outside the office I enjoy spending time with my family and friends. I also like to spend time reading, watching movies, painting or drawing, and being outside.
Prior to working at Michigan Psychological Care, I worked for several years at St. Vincent Catholic Charities Children's Home in Lansing, MI as a residential therapist providing individual, group, and family therapy. I have been trained in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy model to help further address incidents of trauma in children and adolescents. Outside the office I enjoy spending time with my family and friends. I also like to spend time reading, watching movies, painting or drawing, and being outside.
(989) 796-4555 View (989) 796-4555
Photo of Greater Michigan Gender Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Greater Michigan Gender Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
Are you wondering if you were given the wrong gender label at birth? Have you decided it is time to explore your gender? These issues create difficult situations in every area of life, relationships, work, health, family and social life. Through therapy these issues can be explored and your path can be developed.
Are you wondering if you were given the wrong gender label at birth? Have you decided it is time to explore your gender? These issues create difficult situations in every area of life, relationships, work, health, family and social life. Through therapy these issues can be explored and your path can be developed.
(989) 865-0820 View (989) 865-0820
Photo of Tyjvanna T. Payne, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Tyjvanna T. Payne
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MS, LPC, CCATP, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Clients I work well with are individual adults who have discovered that "Adulting Sucks". They would like to change the way they think of things so they can change their behaviors surrounding those thoughts. They would like to be happier, healthier and capable of managing life instead of life poorly managing them. They are adults who are having relationship problems they would like to address. They are adults looking to avoid anxiety, depression, effects of past trauma and stress (preventative care) as well as the adults that are living through it presently (maintenance care) and recognize they don't have to do it alone.
Clients I work well with are individual adults who have discovered that "Adulting Sucks". They would like to change the way they think of things so they can change their behaviors surrounding those thoughts. They would like to be happier, healthier and capable of managing life instead of life poorly managing them. They are adults who are having relationship problems they would like to address. They are adults looking to avoid anxiety, depression, effects of past trauma and stress (preventative care) as well as the adults that are living through it presently (maintenance care) and recognize they don't have to do it alone.
(682) 688-4338 View (682) 688-4338
Photo of Doris Tellis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Doris Tellis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
Restoration of one's self can be a scary and complicated process. I assist those seeking growth and restoration of self. We often go through life ignoring the emotional and physical pain we have endured because that is what we were taught to do, whether directly or indirectly. I aid individuals in applying Truth and Love to gain a better understanding of self. Importance is placed on the therapeutic relationship while striving to create a safe, supportive environment where we can work collaboratively on generating lasting transformation. Individuals are encourage to build confidence, take control and get the results they desire.
Restoration of one's self can be a scary and complicated process. I assist those seeking growth and restoration of self. We often go through life ignoring the emotional and physical pain we have endured because that is what we were taught to do, whether directly or indirectly. I aid individuals in applying Truth and Love to gain a better understanding of self. Importance is placed on the therapeutic relationship while striving to create a safe, supportive environment where we can work collaboratively on generating lasting transformation. Individuals are encourage to build confidence, take control and get the results they desire.
(989) 341-8244 View (989) 341-8244
Photo of MI Healing Hope, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
MI Healing Hope, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Hi there, I am a clinical Social Worker practicing for the past 4 years with 10 total years of Social Work experience. My experience has been in various settings and have serviced individuals in populations from young children to geriatric clients. My primary focus is with adolescents and young adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, managing new diagnosis, traumatic events, life changes, and behavior disturbances. I have experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression, dependent personalities, substance abuse and recovery, brain injuries, and managing life changes after a traumatic event.
Hi there, I am a clinical Social Worker practicing for the past 4 years with 10 total years of Social Work experience. My experience has been in various settings and have serviced individuals in populations from young children to geriatric clients. My primary focus is with adolescents and young adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, managing new diagnosis, traumatic events, life changes, and behavior disturbances. I have experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression, dependent personalities, substance abuse and recovery, brain injuries, and managing life changes after a traumatic event.
(517) 921-1731 View (517) 921-1731
Photo of Sarah Torres, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Sarah Torres
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
Now accepting new clients in-person and via telehealth! You are brave for reaching out for help, and I will provide a safe, non-judgemental atmosphere to express your issues. I will listen to you attentively, share my compassionate heart, and support you. My passion is empowering individuals to reach their full potential and embrace a richer, more meaningful life. My approach is individualized and based on your needs, meeting you where you are at in life.
Now accepting new clients in-person and via telehealth! You are brave for reaching out for help, and I will provide a safe, non-judgemental atmosphere to express your issues. I will listen to you attentively, share my compassionate heart, and support you. My passion is empowering individuals to reach their full potential and embrace a richer, more meaningful life. My approach is individualized and based on your needs, meeting you where you are at in life.
(989) 296-2378 View (989) 296-2378
Photo of Shavon Coxton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Shavon Coxton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Navigating life's challenges, feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or struggling with relationships can be daunting. If you're finding it hard to cope, seeking help is a courageous step towards healing. I understand the weight of these emotions and their impact on your well-being. My approach, rooted in empathy, focuses on deeply connecting to support you through tough moments and celebrate victories. Together, we'll create a safe space for healing, where trust thrives and resilience grows.
Navigating life's challenges, feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or struggling with relationships can be daunting. If you're finding it hard to cope, seeking help is a courageous step towards healing. I understand the weight of these emotions and their impact on your well-being. My approach, rooted in empathy, focuses on deeply connecting to support you through tough moments and celebrate victories. Together, we'll create a safe space for healing, where trust thrives and resilience grows.
(313) 595-1331 View (313) 595-1331
Photo of Cindy L Lancaster, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Cindy L Lancaster
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CCTP, CAADC, SAP, CCS
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
I want to assist others find their self and sense of direction for their life, regardless of the circumstances or situations they are currently enduring. There is hope and life even in the dark times.
I want to assist others find their self and sense of direction for their life, regardless of the circumstances or situations they are currently enduring. There is hope and life even in the dark times.
(810) 638-9372 View (810) 638-9372
Photo of Elizabeth Davis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Elizabeth Davis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601
I’m currently expanding my practice from part-time to full-time, so in most cases I have availability within a week of your call. I see children (along with their families), adults, and couples. Whether you are experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity challenges, or other mental health issues, I am here to help.
I’m currently expanding my practice from part-time to full-time, so in most cases I have availability within a week of your call. I see children (along with their families), adults, and couples. Whether you are experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity challenges, or other mental health issues, I am here to help.
(989) 514-2271 View (989) 514-2271
Photo of Take Root Wellness, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Take Root Wellness
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Neurodivergence and spirituality are largely misunderstood in American culture and therapy is no exception. You deserve to be seen and understood. Together we can figure out how to get from where you are to a more peaceful life with more flow. If you want to play an active role in your healing and want to engage in therapy specifically created for you that feels authentic and practical, I’m here for you. Autism, chronic pain, ADHD anxiety, (complex) trauma, religious trauma, sleep issues, relationship issues, stress, grief, parenting, and depression are a few of my focus areas. LGBTQIA+ friendly.
Neurodivergence and spirituality are largely misunderstood in American culture and therapy is no exception. You deserve to be seen and understood. Together we can figure out how to get from where you are to a more peaceful life with more flow. If you want to play an active role in your healing and want to engage in therapy specifically created for you that feels authentic and practical, I’m here for you. Autism, chronic pain, ADHD anxiety, (complex) trauma, religious trauma, sleep issues, relationship issues, stress, grief, parenting, and depression are a few of my focus areas. LGBTQIA+ friendly.
(989) 585-0625 View (989) 585-0625
Photo of Meredith Ries, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Meredith Ries
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
We all go through various challenges in life, and some may be easier to navigate alone than others. Just like going to a doctor to maintain your physical health, meeting with a counselor can be a vital part of maintaining your mental health. Therapy can provide you with the tools necessary for working through challenges in your life. As well as improving your overall wellness, counseling can also help you with developing a better understanding of yourself. Throughout the counseling process, you can develop skills for improving your relationships, coping with life stressors, and emotional pressures.
We all go through various challenges in life, and some may be easier to navigate alone than others. Just like going to a doctor to maintain your physical health, meeting with a counselor can be a vital part of maintaining your mental health. Therapy can provide you with the tools necessary for working through challenges in your life. As well as improving your overall wellness, counseling can also help you with developing a better understanding of yourself. Throughout the counseling process, you can develop skills for improving your relationships, coping with life stressors, and emotional pressures.
(269) 883-1185 View (269) 883-1185
Photo of Whitney Wenglikowski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Whitney Wenglikowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601
As a therapist over the last 5 years, I have learned that connection, safety, and trust are the most important ingredients that can determine positive outcomes for trauma treatment. I have experience with neurodivergent individuals with a wide array of trauma wounds. These wounds create a powerful story about why these distressing events happened to us. When these wounds are left unattended, or avoided, over time, we may develop very complex chapters of this story. This can make it very hard to separate who we really are from the distorted perception trauma creates. These events can cause us to disconnect and lose ourselves.
As a therapist over the last 5 years, I have learned that connection, safety, and trust are the most important ingredients that can determine positive outcomes for trauma treatment. I have experience with neurodivergent individuals with a wide array of trauma wounds. These wounds create a powerful story about why these distressing events happened to us. When these wounds are left unattended, or avoided, over time, we may develop very complex chapters of this story. This can make it very hard to separate who we really are from the distorted perception trauma creates. These events can cause us to disconnect and lose ourselves.
(989) 601-2338 View (989) 601-2338
Photo of Sara Knutson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Sara Knutson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who provides counseling services to adults (18+) and couples. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, borderline personality disorder, trauma, and marriage/relationship concerns. I focus on providing a supportive environment where you can explore your concerns, develop goals, learn skills, and discover strengths and resources as you move along your path to self-discovery. I believe that the therapeutic relationship can be a vehicle for change; therefore, I place great value on working from a place of compassion, authenticity, and collaboration.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who provides counseling services to adults (18+) and couples. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, borderline personality disorder, trauma, and marriage/relationship concerns. I focus on providing a supportive environment where you can explore your concerns, develop goals, learn skills, and discover strengths and resources as you move along your path to self-discovery. I believe that the therapeutic relationship can be a vehicle for change; therefore, I place great value on working from a place of compassion, authenticity, and collaboration.
View
Photo of Amanda Kleinfeld, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Amanda Kleinfeld
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I’m Amanda, a Licensed Professional Counselor who works with adults in the Flint area who are struggling with feeling defeated by the system, are battling injustices (racial, identity, economic, etc.), are processing significant changes in life, and need to learn ways to cope. I also believe that knowledge is power, so you’ll walk away from counseling with an understanding not only of who you are but the ways that your mental health can influence every aspect of your life.
I’m Amanda, a Licensed Professional Counselor who works with adults in the Flint area who are struggling with feeling defeated by the system, are battling injustices (racial, identity, economic, etc.), are processing significant changes in life, and need to learn ways to cope. I also believe that knowledge is power, so you’ll walk away from counseling with an understanding not only of who you are but the ways that your mental health can influence every aspect of your life.
(989) 656-1819 View (989) 656-1819
Photo of Camille Sumpter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48601, MI
Camille Sumpter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Saginaw, MI 48601  (Online Only)
Hello my name is a Camille, I’m have been a licensed Social worker in the state of Michigan for the past 18 years as well as a certified addictions counselor. I specialize in anxiety, depression, and addiction issues. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. Taking the first step to sign up for therapy can take courage and I am proud of you for getting started.
Hello my name is a Camille, I’m have been a licensed Social worker in the state of Michigan for the past 18 years as well as a certified addictions counselor. I specialize in anxiety, depression, and addiction issues. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. Taking the first step to sign up for therapy can take courage and I am proud of you for getting started.
(989) 248-1353 View (989) 248-1353
Photo of Shuntai Allen-Bey, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48601, MI
Shuntai Allen-Bey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Saginaw, MI 48601
Do you desire to make a change in your life? Do you feel like you are not in control of anything? Have you been betrayed or harbored resentment or anger towards yourself or someone else? Are you struggling with sexual issues? Need help to heal wounds from the past? Are you in a never-ending cycle of worry, guilt, denial, and regret? Is being around others without feeling judged or ridiculed hard for you? Are you unable to sleep because your thoughts are racing at night? Are you not able to have a healthy sex life? If you answered yes to any of the above questions. Let me help you.
Do you desire to make a change in your life? Do you feel like you are not in control of anything? Have you been betrayed or harbored resentment or anger towards yourself or someone else? Are you struggling with sexual issues? Need help to heal wounds from the past? Are you in a never-ending cycle of worry, guilt, denial, and regret? Is being around others without feeling judged or ridiculed hard for you? Are you unable to sleep because your thoughts are racing at night? Are you not able to have a healthy sex life? If you answered yes to any of the above questions. Let me help you.
(810) 344-4656 View (810) 344-4656

See more therapy options for 48601

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 48601

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 48601 who prioritize treating:

97% Depression
97% Anxiety
87% Relationship Issues
87% Self Esteem
84% Stress
77% Coping Skills
71% Grief

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% BlueCross and BlueShield
78% Aetna
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 48601 see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 48601?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.