Therapists in 48346

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Photo of Christian Todd Osborn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
Christian Todd Osborn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MSW
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
Sometimes life can be overwhelming. Strong emotions can lead you to do things that get in the way of living the life you want. Depression keeps you from getting out of bed, anger has you fighting with those we love most and anxiety can leave you feeling almost paralyzed. Know that you don't have to go through it alone. I'm here to help and we can create positive change in your life. Just give me a call.
Sometimes life can be overwhelming. Strong emotions can lead you to do things that get in the way of living the life you want. Depression keeps you from getting out of bed, anger has you fighting with those we love most and anxiety can leave you feeling almost paralyzed. Know that you don't have to go through it alone. I'm here to help and we can create positive change in your life. Just give me a call.
(248) 707-2774 View (248) 707-2774
Photo of Mayghen Howell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
Mayghen Howell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LLMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarkston, MI 48346
Hello I’m Mayghen (she/her) and I am a Limited License Master of Social Work (LLMSW). My experience includes over 4 years of working with children, adolescents, and families. I believe providing a safe space without judgment is important to healing. I provide that along with active listening, empathy, and validation. I believe that everyone brings their own strengths and life experiences to the table. Using these, to help foster the therapeutic relationship, I believe individuals are able to achieve and maintain their goals.
Hello I’m Mayghen (she/her) and I am a Limited License Master of Social Work (LLMSW). My experience includes over 4 years of working with children, adolescents, and families. I believe providing a safe space without judgment is important to healing. I provide that along with active listening, empathy, and validation. I believe that everyone brings their own strengths and life experiences to the table. Using these, to help foster the therapeutic relationship, I believe individuals are able to achieve and maintain their goals.
(248) 422-2341 View (248) 422-2341
Photo of Kay Whitehead, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Kay Whitehead
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a cognitive-behavioral therapist, committed to supporting and empowering individuals on their quest to identify and examine destructive thinking which leads to negative emotions and problematic behaviors. My work focuses on taking a collaborative approach toward helping individuals transform those harmful thoughts into healthier thoughts that ultimately enhance and improve their overall well-being. I possess a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, and a master’s degree in Counseling.
I am a cognitive-behavioral therapist, committed to supporting and empowering individuals on their quest to identify and examine destructive thinking which leads to negative emotions and problematic behaviors. My work focuses on taking a collaborative approach toward helping individuals transform those harmful thoughts into healthier thoughts that ultimately enhance and improve their overall well-being. I possess a doctorate degree in Advanced Studies in Human Behavior, and a master’s degree in Counseling.
(248) 712-3874 View (248) 712-3874
Photo of Ellen Keyser, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Ellen Keyser
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
Hello, My name is Ellen Keyser and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with 22 years of experience. I consider it one of the greatest privileges in life to have a job where I can work with teenagers, families, couples and adults. Helping them to navigate through depression, anxiety, trauma, suicidal ideation, parenting issues, relationships difficulties, grief and boundaries issues, behavioral issues, work/school/career challenges and life’s adjustments. My goal as a clinician is to meet individuals where they are in life and assist them in finding healing, peace and joy on their journey.
Hello, My name is Ellen Keyser and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with 22 years of experience. I consider it one of the greatest privileges in life to have a job where I can work with teenagers, families, couples and adults. Helping them to navigate through depression, anxiety, trauma, suicidal ideation, parenting issues, relationships difficulties, grief and boundaries issues, behavioral issues, work/school/career challenges and life’s adjustments. My goal as a clinician is to meet individuals where they are in life and assist them in finding healing, peace and joy on their journey.
(248) 949-2398 View (248) 949-2398
Photo of Jessica Merrill, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 48346, MI
Jessica Merrill
Limited Licensed Psychologist, LLP
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am an LLP who has been practicing for over a decade and have gained experience with a variety of settings, challenges, and people. These experiences and continued learning have helped shape me to be able to connect with you and support you on your journey of finding your personal balance and strength. While we all have basic needs, every individual is different. Your needs, how you measure success, view life, what you struggle with and the difficulties you face are all unique to you.
I am an LLP who has been practicing for over a decade and have gained experience with a variety of settings, challenges, and people. These experiences and continued learning have helped shape me to be able to connect with you and support you on your journey of finding your personal balance and strength. While we all have basic needs, every individual is different. Your needs, how you measure success, view life, what you struggle with and the difficulties you face are all unique to you.
(248) 243-8023 View (248) 243-8023
Photo of Stacey Krause, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
Stacey Krause
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
Picking up the phone or sending an email asking for help, can be really hard. With me, you have nothing to fear. I've been a therapist for over 25 years and have had the opportunity to work with a wonderful array of people. I always start where my client is and work together towards the goal or goals you have. No judgment, just compassion, a great listening ear, some humor (when appropriate), and an enormous amount of respect for the person you are.
Picking up the phone or sending an email asking for help, can be really hard. With me, you have nothing to fear. I've been a therapist for over 25 years and have had the opportunity to work with a wonderful array of people. I always start where my client is and work together towards the goal or goals you have. No judgment, just compassion, a great listening ear, some humor (when appropriate), and an enormous amount of respect for the person you are.
(248) 963-7714 View (248) 963-7714
Photo of Sue Kolb, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 48346, MI
Sue Kolb
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, LLP
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
Deciding to seek therapy can seem overwhelming, but it can be a big step towards healing and happiness in your life. In my thirty plus years of experience I have worked with adolescents thru elderly utilizing individual, marital or family therapy. My practice focuses around empowering you to explore difficult life struggles - whether internal or external struggles. I use a variety of proven approaches. I have expertise and certifications in EFT (tapping), cognitive behavioral therapy and Christian Counseling. I have many years of experience working with alcohol abuse and codependency for family members
Deciding to seek therapy can seem overwhelming, but it can be a big step towards healing and happiness in your life. In my thirty plus years of experience I have worked with adolescents thru elderly utilizing individual, marital or family therapy. My practice focuses around empowering you to explore difficult life struggles - whether internal or external struggles. I use a variety of proven approaches. I have expertise and certifications in EFT (tapping), cognitive behavioral therapy and Christian Counseling. I have many years of experience working with alcohol abuse and codependency for family members
(248) 773-3903 View (248) 773-3903
Photo of Stephani Weber, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
Stephani Weber
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
My name is Stephani Weber, I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master of Social Worker in 2013. I specialize in mental and behavioral health treatment ranging from mild to severe. have worked closely with individuals and families diagnosed with PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, depression, adjustment disorder, OCD, BPD, Conduct Disorder, ODD, schizophrenia, bipolar, and substance use disorders. I am experienced working as a marriage counselor, grief and loss, and relationship concerns.
My name is Stephani Weber, I graduated from Wayne State University with my Master of Social Worker in 2013. I specialize in mental and behavioral health treatment ranging from mild to severe. have worked closely with individuals and families diagnosed with PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, depression, adjustment disorder, OCD, BPD, Conduct Disorder, ODD, schizophrenia, bipolar, and substance use disorders. I am experienced working as a marriage counselor, grief and loss, and relationship concerns.
(248) 970-1358 View (248) 970-1358
Photo of Michelle M Wagar, Counselor in 48346, MI
Michelle M Wagar
Counselor, MA, LLPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarkston, MI 48346
I am committed to guiding every individual through the challenges life throws at us by working from the inside out, to achieve mental wellness. I have recognized the need to address these problems and begin the healing process at the root but most of us avoid these problems until they create symptoms at the surface. We can choose to view these symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, as problems or we can find the courage to acknowledge them and ask ourselves “What is our mind and body trying to tell us? What thoughts are we purposely avoiding? What are we running from? What would happen if we no longer let our symptoms control us?
I am committed to guiding every individual through the challenges life throws at us by working from the inside out, to achieve mental wellness. I have recognized the need to address these problems and begin the healing process at the root but most of us avoid these problems until they create symptoms at the surface. We can choose to view these symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, as problems or we can find the courage to acknowledge them and ask ourselves “What is our mind and body trying to tell us? What thoughts are we purposely avoiding? What are we running from? What would happen if we no longer let our symptoms control us?
(248) 487-1351 View (248) 487-1351
Photo of Jeffrey Douglas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
Jeffrey Douglas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
I believe that you are the expert on your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming issues that challenge you. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. I specialize in helping clients with stress and anxiety, coping with addictions, trauma and abuse, & depression.
I believe that you are the expert on your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming issues that challenge you. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. I specialize in helping clients with stress and anxiety, coping with addictions, trauma and abuse, & depression.
(248) 831-1695 View (248) 831-1695
Photo of Jessica Myles, Counselor in 48346, MI
Jessica Myles
Counselor, MA, LLPC, SCL
Verified
You're ready to have a helping hand. You are looking for someone who can help you feel heard and understood. I am here to help you with your journey into self-care, self-discovery, and recovery. Trauma can be very heavy to carry around every day, but it doesn't have to be! You will find a support-system with me. What if I told you together we could replace bad images and feelings from past trauma with positive ones? I currently offer ART (Accelerated Resolution Therapy). Together we can make your days brighter!
You're ready to have a helping hand. You are looking for someone who can help you feel heard and understood. I am here to help you with your journey into self-care, self-discovery, and recovery. Trauma can be very heavy to carry around every day, but it doesn't have to be! You will find a support-system with me. What if I told you together we could replace bad images and feelings from past trauma with positive ones? I currently offer ART (Accelerated Resolution Therapy). Together we can make your days brighter!
(248) 461-3565 View (248) 461-3565
Photo of Jennifer Ishaq, Limited Licensed Psychologist in 48346, MI
Jennifer Ishaq
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, LLP
Verified
1 Endorsed
My focus is on clients who have a desire to manage anxiety, depression and trauma, as well as cultivate healthy relationships, self-esteem, and more. My ideal client is someone who takes therapy seriously, who is trying to grow and find a higher level of well-being in life, as well as attending regular sessions or notifying me ahead of time if they need to reschedule. As individuals, we are only as strong as our knowledge base. Congratulations! Making the decision to seek out therapy is the first step in gaining greater knowledge/awareness of yourself and your interactions in the world.
My focus is on clients who have a desire to manage anxiety, depression and trauma, as well as cultivate healthy relationships, self-esteem, and more. My ideal client is someone who takes therapy seriously, who is trying to grow and find a higher level of well-being in life, as well as attending regular sessions or notifying me ahead of time if they need to reschedule. As individuals, we are only as strong as our knowledge base. Congratulations! Making the decision to seek out therapy is the first step in gaining greater knowledge/awareness of yourself and your interactions in the world.
(248) 422-1203 View (248) 422-1203
Photo of Alicia Watt, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Alicia Watt
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
My goal is to help you work through challenges in your life by encouraging you to explore and discuss these concerns. We will develop goals to work towards change in this process. I work with adults, children, families, and couples. We can process a range of problems including career struggles, depression, anxiety, grief, ineffective coping skills, and relationship problems to name a few. I have worked with many different individuals in different settings. My training and experience will provide a unique opportunity for a therapeutic session.
My goal is to help you work through challenges in your life by encouraging you to explore and discuss these concerns. We will develop goals to work towards change in this process. I work with adults, children, families, and couples. We can process a range of problems including career struggles, depression, anxiety, grief, ineffective coping skills, and relationship problems to name a few. I have worked with many different individuals in different settings. My training and experience will provide a unique opportunity for a therapeutic session.
(248) 985-7033 View (248) 985-7033
Photo of Dana Wright, Counselor in 48346, MI
Dana Wright
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
3 Endorsed
We can't determine the cards we get dealt, but we can decide how they get played. As a counselor, I am honored to walked alongside anyone who desires to explore personal goals that they may have and grow to be a better version of themselves. I believe each person deserves that opportunity no matter what their life may look like. In a relaxed, non-judgmental space. I will utilize techniques and tools specific to you and your needs.
We can't determine the cards we get dealt, but we can decide how they get played. As a counselor, I am honored to walked alongside anyone who desires to explore personal goals that they may have and grow to be a better version of themselves. I believe each person deserves that opportunity no matter what their life may look like. In a relaxed, non-judgmental space. I will utilize techniques and tools specific to you and your needs.
(248) 900-0165 View (248) 900-0165
Photo of Jeffrey Simms, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Jeffrey Simms
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
Your mind is racing, you're worried about work, family, relationships, finances, and not having enough time to do what you want. You feel like you have no control and it's becoming overwhelming. Balancing multiple demands has become hard to handle. You are ready to be more than okay. You want to be free from these burdens. You're ready to regain control over your life. It's time to slow down with the busyness of life. You can write an ending where you win. I will help you find a more balanced view.
Your mind is racing, you're worried about work, family, relationships, finances, and not having enough time to do what you want. You feel like you have no control and it's becoming overwhelming. Balancing multiple demands has become hard to handle. You are ready to be more than okay. You want to be free from these burdens. You're ready to regain control over your life. It's time to slow down with the busyness of life. You can write an ending where you win. I will help you find a more balanced view.
(248) 985-7958 View (248) 985-7958
Photo of Patrick Marcoux, Counselor in 48346, MI
Patrick Marcoux
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
You struggle to communicate with your partner or spouse. Worse yet, you hold onto the memories of when things felt easier. You want to fix things- but after several attempts, you feel at a loss for what to do and you aren't even sure if it's possible to change. Your partner feels equally at a loss- maybe for similar reasons, maybe for different ones. You both just feel exhausted and want to give therapy a try. There's conflicting schedules and outside obligations- long wait lists too! I want to help you with that. For couples only, I have a handful of early morning and late evening sessions beginning 2024.
You struggle to communicate with your partner or spouse. Worse yet, you hold onto the memories of when things felt easier. You want to fix things- but after several attempts, you feel at a loss for what to do and you aren't even sure if it's possible to change. Your partner feels equally at a loss- maybe for similar reasons, maybe for different ones. You both just feel exhausted and want to give therapy a try. There's conflicting schedules and outside obligations- long wait lists too! I want to help you with that. For couples only, I have a handful of early morning and late evening sessions beginning 2024.
(269) 202-3457 View (269) 202-3457
Photo of April Dawn Hitchcock-Fofana, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 48346, MI
April Dawn Hitchcock-Fofana
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
City of the Village of Clarkston, MI 48346  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Michigan with over 15 years of clinical experience. I specialize in managing anxiety, depression, anger, low self esteem, grief and loss, family and peer relationships, life transitions, and trauma. Do you ever feel stuck? Feelings can hit like a force. They can make you scared to feel things because you don’t want to get swept away by your emotions. The problem is that the more you try to contain your emotions, the more overwhelming they become. Trauma and/or negative experiences in life can alter our brain structure in ways that make us more vulnerable to intense, negative emotions.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Michigan with over 15 years of clinical experience. I specialize in managing anxiety, depression, anger, low self esteem, grief and loss, family and peer relationships, life transitions, and trauma. Do you ever feel stuck? Feelings can hit like a force. They can make you scared to feel things because you don’t want to get swept away by your emotions. The problem is that the more you try to contain your emotions, the more overwhelming they become. Trauma and/or negative experiences in life can alter our brain structure in ways that make us more vulnerable to intense, negative emotions.
(810) 428-1907 View (810) 428-1907
Photo of Ellie Mental Health - Clarkston, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Ellie Mental Health - Clarkston
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
At Ellie Mental Health - Clarkston, we see every patient. We pride ourselves on achieving provider diversity of identity and skills so that our team can see clients for wide ranges and combinations of issues including Depression, Anxiety, Depression, ADHD, Personal Identity, LGBTQ+ Issues, Life Transitions, Family Conflict, Relationship Issues, Grief, Trauma and many more. Our providers see adolescents, adults, couples, and families. No matter your concerns, your compassionate Ellie therapist will provide you with the non-judgmental care you deserve.
At Ellie Mental Health - Clarkston, we see every patient. We pride ourselves on achieving provider diversity of identity and skills so that our team can see clients for wide ranges and combinations of issues including Depression, Anxiety, Depression, ADHD, Personal Identity, LGBTQ+ Issues, Life Transitions, Family Conflict, Relationship Issues, Grief, Trauma and many more. Our providers see adolescents, adults, couples, and families. No matter your concerns, your compassionate Ellie therapist will provide you with the non-judgmental care you deserve.
(248) 920-9829 View (248) 920-9829
Photo of Sara Rietsch, Licensed Professional Counselor in 48346, MI
Sara Rietsch
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Clarkston, MI 48346
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor. I specialize in addiction and co-occurring disorders including harm reduction, mood disorders, and daily life challenges. Neurodiversity-affirming. I have practiced in a wide variety of settings, including residential, intensive outpatient, and private practice. I use a person-centered humanistic/existential approach including CBT, mindfulness, and Motivational Interviewing techniques to support clients in learning new skills and making the changes they want to make.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor. I specialize in addiction and co-occurring disorders including harm reduction, mood disorders, and daily life challenges. Neurodiversity-affirming. I have practiced in a wide variety of settings, including residential, intensive outpatient, and private practice. I use a person-centered humanistic/existential approach including CBT, mindfulness, and Motivational Interviewing techniques to support clients in learning new skills and making the changes they want to make.
(248) 453-7105 View (248) 453-7105
Photo of Alicia Harris Licensed Professional Counselor, Counselor in 48346, MI
Alicia Harris Licensed Professional Counselor
Counselor, MEd, LPC, EMDR
Verified
2 Endorsed
Clarkston, MI 48346
In-office or Telehealth 60 minute appointments! I provide life changing, compassionate treatment with EMDR Therapy. With over 20 years experience, I work collaboratively with clients in a warm, respectful manner to resolve issues of concern. I treat adults, military/veterans, and adolescents with trauma, depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder, dissociative disorders, bi-polar disorder, childhood abuse, and domestic violence. Through EMDR Therapy, clients identify root causes of their symptoms, and clear traumas that lead to depression, anxiety, and body pain. LGBTQI+ ally, offering a safe space for counseling.
In-office or Telehealth 60 minute appointments! I provide life changing, compassionate treatment with EMDR Therapy. With over 20 years experience, I work collaboratively with clients in a warm, respectful manner to resolve issues of concern. I treat adults, military/veterans, and adolescents with trauma, depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder, dissociative disorders, bi-polar disorder, childhood abuse, and domestic violence. Through EMDR Therapy, clients identify root causes of their symptoms, and clear traumas that lead to depression, anxiety, and body pain. LGBTQI+ ally, offering a safe space for counseling.
(248) 242-3295 View (248) 242-3295

See more therapy options for 48346

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 48346

100+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in 48346 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
91% Depression
73% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Grief
65% Coping Skills
65% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

87% BlueCross and BlueShield
82% Aetna
69% Blue Cross

How Therapists in 48346 see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 48346?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.