Photo of Ray Larnard Shipman, SST, ACJ, BBA, LLMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ray Larnard Shipman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, SST, ACJ, BBA, LLMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Are You Ready To Be Challenged? I use your supportive spiritual tools (including soul healing), introspection, and redirection in relationships. Individual, couples, and family therapy can be billed to insurance. Couples include straight, married, partnered, bf/gf, LGBTQ. Family communication for those who are having difficulty communicating within the family. You can schedule immediately by going to motorcityhope.org, selecting schedule appointment, finding my name in the drop-down, and seeing my open spots. FYI: there is a waiting list for insurance paying clients. Cash clients have open spaces
Are You Ready To Be Challenged? I use your supportive spiritual tools (including soul healing), introspection, and redirection in relationships. Individual, couples, and family therapy can be billed to insurance. Couples include straight, married, partnered, bf/gf, LGBTQ. Family communication for those who are having difficulty communicating within the family. You can schedule immediately by going to motorcityhope.org, selecting schedule appointment, finding my name in the drop-down, and seeing my open spots. FYI: there is a waiting list for insurance paying clients. Cash clients have open spaces
(248) 292-3848 View (248) 292-3848
Photo of undefined - Sollars and Associates , PhD, Psychologist
Sollars and Associates
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
I am a licensed psychologist and the clinical director of Sollars and Associates Integrative Counseling and Psychological Services. I have been providing counseling and psychotherapy for over 30 years in the Metro Detroit area and our group practice spans across the state of Michigan. With support, encouragement and expert insight many people begin to feel better after their first session. Our therapists possess a great deal of experience in evaluating and working with children, adolescents and families dealing with a variety of issues.
I am a licensed psychologist and the clinical director of Sollars and Associates Integrative Counseling and Psychological Services. I have been providing counseling and psychotherapy for over 30 years in the Metro Detroit area and our group practice spans across the state of Michigan. With support, encouragement and expert insight many people begin to feel better after their first session. Our therapists possess a great deal of experience in evaluating and working with children, adolescents and families dealing with a variety of issues.
(313) 217-4981 View (313) 217-4981
Photo of Nicole Carey, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nicole Carey
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Do you at times struggle with self-esteem, confidence or self-acceptance? The reasons why can vary, such as life experiences that has negatively impacted how you view yourself, fear of not being good enough, or peer rejection for being your authentic self. Whatever the reasons are often times you may feel hurt, sad and alone, which causes you stress, anxiety or depression. These negative emotions would impact your day to day living with school, work and in personal relationships. If this resonates with you and you want the skills to building your self-esteem and confidence, while relieving anxiety or depression, I welcome you.!
Do you at times struggle with self-esteem, confidence or self-acceptance? The reasons why can vary, such as life experiences that has negatively impacted how you view yourself, fear of not being good enough, or peer rejection for being your authentic self. Whatever the reasons are often times you may feel hurt, sad and alone, which causes you stress, anxiety or depression. These negative emotions would impact your day to day living with school, work and in personal relationships. If this resonates with you and you want the skills to building your self-esteem and confidence, while relieving anxiety or depression, I welcome you.!
(586) 221-4036 View (586) 221-4036
Photo of Lyza Ballard, LMSW, MPA, CCPT, ASDCS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lyza Ballard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MPA, CCPT, ASDCS
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My professional journey as a therapist has been informed by trauma and the cycles we find ourselves within generationally, within our lifetime, and how we see them live out in relationships. I focus on assisting with acknowledging what you have navigated on your journey thus far and how these events and experiences have shaped you into the current version of yourself. This process is client led to assist clients with a natural balance of processing that isn’t difficult or jolting to your nervous system. My goal is to let your body and mind help lead us on the healing journey that makes sense to you.
My professional journey as a therapist has been informed by trauma and the cycles we find ourselves within generationally, within our lifetime, and how we see them live out in relationships. I focus on assisting with acknowledging what you have navigated on your journey thus far and how these events and experiences have shaped you into the current version of yourself. This process is client led to assist clients with a natural balance of processing that isn’t difficult or jolting to your nervous system. My goal is to let your body and mind help lead us on the healing journey that makes sense to you.
(947) 282-9371 View (947) 282-9371
Photo of undefined - Open Door Living Association, INC, MA, TLLP, Limited Licensed Psychologist
Open Door Living Association, INC
Limited Licensed Psychologist, MA, TLLP
Not Verified Not Verified
1 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021
As a PHD candidate in International Psychology and Applied Behavior Analysis my goal is to expand mental and behavioral services in a cultural inclusive and relevant paradigm. Holding a BCBA certification (BCBA), a Master's degree in Clinical Psychology, and a BA in Counseling Psychology helps me empathize with individuals from various backgrounds. I have over 25 years of experience working with families in various facets including education, assisted living and community services. Particular specializations include but are not limited to ABA, developmental and cognitive impairment, diversity, cultural and international studies.
As a PHD candidate in International Psychology and Applied Behavior Analysis my goal is to expand mental and behavioral services in a cultural inclusive and relevant paradigm. Holding a BCBA certification (BCBA), a Master's degree in Clinical Psychology, and a BA in Counseling Psychology helps me empathize with individuals from various backgrounds. I have over 25 years of experience working with families in various facets including education, assisted living and community services. Particular specializations include but are not limited to ABA, developmental and cognitive impairment, diversity, cultural and international studies.
(586) 838-2617 View (586) 838-2617
Photo of undefined - Motor City Center for Hope, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Motor City Center for Hope
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
The ideal client is a motivated individual seeking personal growth, self-empowerment, and a sense of purpose. They are open to guidance, support, and new perspectives, and they strive to align their goals and actions with their authentic selves. By investing in their personal development, they aim to cultivate meaningful relationships, achieve work-life balance, and live a fulfilling and purposeful life.
The ideal client is a motivated individual seeking personal growth, self-empowerment, and a sense of purpose. They are open to guidance, support, and new perspectives, and they strive to align their goals and actions with their authentic selves. By investing in their personal development, they aim to cultivate meaningful relationships, achieve work-life balance, and live a fulfilling and purposeful life.
(313) 513-7600 View (313) 513-7600
Photo of Tanya R Bankston, LPC, NCC, EMDR, CAADC-D, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tanya R Bankston
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, EMDR, CAADC-D
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
A life that is trauma, or drama-free is often based in fairy tales. Let's face it happily ever after does not provide details of "who", "what" and "how" happy is defined. Real people have real problems...relationship issues, financial issues, employment issues, depression, substance abuse, anxiety, stress, and grief are just a few of the problems we deal with regularly. Healthy coping skills are necessary tools to help people master life's issues and maintain their health mentally, physically, emotionally, and spiritually. Whether you need help in developing coping skills or strengthening coping skills, help is available.
A life that is trauma, or drama-free is often based in fairy tales. Let's face it happily ever after does not provide details of "who", "what" and "how" happy is defined. Real people have real problems...relationship issues, financial issues, employment issues, depression, substance abuse, anxiety, stress, and grief are just a few of the problems we deal with regularly. Healthy coping skills are necessary tools to help people master life's issues and maintain their health mentally, physically, emotionally, and spiritually. Whether you need help in developing coping skills or strengthening coping skills, help is available.
(947) 282-5540 View (947) 282-5540
Photo of Jessica Belo, PhD, Psychologist
Jessica Belo
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021  (Online Only)
Dr. Belo specializes in integrated psychodiagnostic evaluation including assessment of cognitive & executive functioning, behavior, personality, & symptomatology explored in the context of historical factors to inform recommendations for psychotherapy, education, occupation, & overall enhancement of functioning. Dr. Belo is an experienced evaluator of child development, intellectual functioning, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Gender Dysphoria, personality disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & the impacts of complex trauma, and substance use disorders.
Dr. Belo specializes in integrated psychodiagnostic evaluation including assessment of cognitive & executive functioning, behavior, personality, & symptomatology explored in the context of historical factors to inform recommendations for psychotherapy, education, occupation, & overall enhancement of functioning. Dr. Belo is an experienced evaluator of child development, intellectual functioning, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Gender Dysphoria, personality disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & the impacts of complex trauma, and substance use disorders.
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Photo of Zolita Brown, MA, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Zolita Brown
Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021
*ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS* Life is full of challenges and setbacks and we sometimes need assistance. I believe one of the bravest things you can do is begin to understand your own story. Many people see therapy as a one-sided conversation. I work with you to help you identify your desires and empower you to make those positive changes in your life. I recognize that making the choice to seek help can be difficult, so I use an approach that is compassionate, direct, and non-judgmental to help create an environment where you feel supported in your counseling journey.
*ACCEPTING NEW CLIENTS* Life is full of challenges and setbacks and we sometimes need assistance. I believe one of the bravest things you can do is begin to understand your own story. Many people see therapy as a one-sided conversation. I work with you to help you identify your desires and empower you to make those positive changes in your life. I recognize that making the choice to seek help can be difficult, so I use an approach that is compassionate, direct, and non-judgmental to help create an environment where you feel supported in your counseling journey.
(313) 924-1739 View (313) 924-1739
Photo of undefined - Latosia R.D. Logan, MA, LLPC, ACA, MMHCA, Counselor
Latosia R.D. Logan
Counselor, MA, LLPC, ACA, MMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021
You matter! No matter what society, family, or friends have said, remember You MATTER! It is important to remember that your worth and identity are not defined by your circumstances or the challenges you may be facing. You are a unique individual with inherent value and purpose. It is common to encounter difficulties in life that may make you feel overwhelmed or discouraged, but it is essential to recognize that these challenges do not diminish your worth as a person.
You matter! No matter what society, family, or friends have said, remember You MATTER! It is important to remember that your worth and identity are not defined by your circumstances or the challenges you may be facing. You are a unique individual with inherent value and purpose. It is common to encounter difficulties in life that may make you feel overwhelmed or discouraged, but it is essential to recognize that these challenges do not diminish your worth as a person.
(586) 250-4059 View (586) 250-4059
Photo of undefined - The Source Counseling & Consultation, Licensed Professional Counselor
The Source Counseling & Consultation
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Shanna Jackson is an LPC who works with clients seeking holistic mental health therapy, recognizing the mind-body-spirit connection. Shanna offers services to clients struggling with anxiety, depression, or trauma, who desire deeper understanding and relief. They aim for symptom management, inner peace, and personal growth.
Shanna Jackson is an LPC who works with clients seeking holistic mental health therapy, recognizing the mind-body-spirit connection. Shanna offers services to clients struggling with anxiety, depression, or trauma, who desire deeper understanding and relief. They aim for symptom management, inner peace, and personal growth.
(313) 825-6534 View (313) 825-6534
Photo of Angelica Schneider, LMSW, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Angelica Schneider
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LLC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eastpointe, MI 48021  (Online Only)
I excel in working with teens and adults within the LGBTQ community who experience struggles with their gender/sexuality, domestic/interpersonal/intimate partner violence, trauma, anxiety, mood disorders, and difficult/abusive family dynamics.
I excel in working with teens and adults within the LGBTQ community who experience struggles with their gender/sexuality, domestic/interpersonal/intimate partner violence, trauma, anxiety, mood disorders, and difficult/abusive family dynamics.
(586) 271-0112 View (586) 271-0112
Photo of Howard D Gofstein, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Howard D Gofstein
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Howard D. Gofstein is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Michigan who has been practicing since 2001. Howard believes in approaching any new counseling relationship with flexibility, adaptability, creativity and curiosity, and welcoming people to share as much about themselves as they would like-and that every detail is helpful. And Howard knows that a new client expects to walk away from that first meeting with a sense that he has been paying attention and understanding what they are going through, and that he has some idea as to how they can eventually resolve their issue.
Howard D. Gofstein is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Michigan who has been practicing since 2001. Howard believes in approaching any new counseling relationship with flexibility, adaptability, creativity and curiosity, and welcoming people to share as much about themselves as they would like-and that every detail is helpful. And Howard knows that a new client expects to walk away from that first meeting with a sense that he has been paying attention and understanding what they are going through, and that he has some idea as to how they can eventually resolve their issue.
(586) 701-9073 View (586) 701-9073
Photo of Maria Lai, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maria Lai
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Maria Lai has been practicing therapy for 37 years. Maria has a history seeing clients with anxiety, mood disorders, grief and loss, and relationship issues. Maria utilizes a variety of different therapeutic approaches to help client resolve issues and achieve their goals. She focuses on building insight with clients and helping them connect the dots and make sense of their past. She believes that all clients have internal strengths, and she works to help client utilize those strengths to build confidence, overcome their challenges, and achieve their goals.
Maria Lai has been practicing therapy for 37 years. Maria has a history seeing clients with anxiety, mood disorders, grief and loss, and relationship issues. Maria utilizes a variety of different therapeutic approaches to help client resolve issues and achieve their goals. She focuses on building insight with clients and helping them connect the dots and make sense of their past. She believes that all clients have internal strengths, and she works to help client utilize those strengths to build confidence, overcome their challenges, and achieve their goals.
(586) 474-5584 View (586) 474-5584
Photo of Maria Merritt, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maria Merritt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Maria works with individuals who are looking to gain insight into themselves and improve their quality of life. She seeks to understand each individual holistically, including their backgrounds and the strengths they already possess to provide an individualized approach. Maria believes that establishing a strong alliance with her clients is essential to getting the most out of therapy and creating lasting change. Through this alliance, she partners with her clients to explore and address thought and behavior patterns that serve as barriers to enjoying life fully.
Maria works with individuals who are looking to gain insight into themselves and improve their quality of life. She seeks to understand each individual holistically, including their backgrounds and the strengths they already possess to provide an individualized approach. Maria believes that establishing a strong alliance with her clients is essential to getting the most out of therapy and creating lasting change. Through this alliance, she partners with her clients to explore and address thought and behavior patterns that serve as barriers to enjoying life fully.
(586) 257-2776 View (586) 257-2776
Photo of Julie Decoste, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julie Decoste
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Hello and welcome. I'm glad you're here. For most, starting therapy can be pretty intimidating. I'm here to help make this process as easy as possible for you. You can expect genuine, compassionate, and empathetic care from me. The relationship between client and therapist is key to success and I take great care to develop a trusting and therapeutic relationship with each individual.
Hello and welcome. I'm glad you're here. For most, starting therapy can be pretty intimidating. I'm here to help make this process as easy as possible for you. You can expect genuine, compassionate, and empathetic care from me. The relationship between client and therapist is key to success and I take great care to develop a trusting and therapeutic relationship with each individual.
(586) 371-5280 View (586) 371-5280
Photo of Krystine Muha, NP, Psychologist
Krystine Muha
Psychologist, NP
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Krystine Muha is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Michigan who has been practicing since 2021. She has a Diploma in Nursing from Henry Ford Hospital School of Nursing, a BSN from Wayne State University, and an MSN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner from Wayne State University. Krystine believes in providing individualized, patient-centered, compassionate care utilizing her professional experience and education to assist individuals in improving their overall mental health and wellness. In her spare time, Krystine enjoys nature, walking, exploring, reading, and crafts.
Krystine Muha is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Michigan who has been practicing since 2021. She has a Diploma in Nursing from Henry Ford Hospital School of Nursing, a BSN from Wayne State University, and an MSN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner from Wayne State University. Krystine believes in providing individualized, patient-centered, compassionate care utilizing her professional experience and education to assist individuals in improving their overall mental health and wellness. In her spare time, Krystine enjoys nature, walking, exploring, reading, and crafts.
(586) 800-2457 View (586) 800-2457
Photo of undefined - Worthem Family Practice, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Worthem Family Practice
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
I feel a client deserves to be treated with dignity and respect regardless of what life challenges causes an individual to seek counseling. I am a compassionate and patient person which has caused my clients to feel very comfortable with me as a Clinician. I believe a person can benefit from guidance in all areas which is why I seek to treat the "whole person": body, mind and spirit.I attempt to bring a person to a place of healing from their struggles by allowing the client to have an input in the therapeutic process.
I feel a client deserves to be treated with dignity and respect regardless of what life challenges causes an individual to seek counseling. I am a compassionate and patient person which has caused my clients to feel very comfortable with me as a Clinician. I believe a person can benefit from guidance in all areas which is why I seek to treat the "whole person": body, mind and spirit.I attempt to bring a person to a place of healing from their struggles by allowing the client to have an input in the therapeutic process.
(586) 362-8955 View (586) 362-8955
Photo of Ian Goldsbrough, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ian Goldsbrough
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Ian is a licensed professional counselor in St. Clair Shores, Michigan, who has been practicing therapy for 6 years. Ian's areas of focus include: depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, bipolar disorder, substance use, anger, ADHD, life adjustments, and relationship issues. Ian prides himself on being a supportive, engaged, and empathetic ear who utilizes a variety of different therapeutic modalities to provide his clients truly individualized care. When Ian isn't working he enjoys spending time with his wife, friends, and family "“ as well as hiking, kayaking, and trying new restaurants in metro Detroit.
Ian is a licensed professional counselor in St. Clair Shores, Michigan, who has been practicing therapy for 6 years. Ian's areas of focus include: depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, bipolar disorder, substance use, anger, ADHD, life adjustments, and relationship issues. Ian prides himself on being a supportive, engaged, and empathetic ear who utilizes a variety of different therapeutic modalities to provide his clients truly individualized care. When Ian isn't working he enjoys spending time with his wife, friends, and family "“ as well as hiking, kayaking, and trying new restaurants in metro Detroit.
(586) 210-4387 View (586) 210-4387
Photo of Melinda Ryde, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Melinda Ryde
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Melinda Ryde is a clinical social worker who has been practicing since 1986. She graduated with a Master's Degree from the University of Michigan School of Social Work. Melinda believes in a person-centered, collaborative approach to care, utilizing evidence- based interventions including cognitive behavioral/processing therapy, solution focused, and interpersonal therapy in a supportive environment. Her main areas of focus include mood disorders, anxiety, trauma and addiction disorders.
Melinda Ryde is a clinical social worker who has been practicing since 1986. She graduated with a Master's Degree from the University of Michigan School of Social Work. Melinda believes in a person-centered, collaborative approach to care, utilizing evidence- based interventions including cognitive behavioral/processing therapy, solution focused, and interpersonal therapy in a supportive environment. Her main areas of focus include mood disorders, anxiety, trauma and addiction disorders.
(586) 701-9383 View (586) 701-9383

See more therapy options for 48021

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 48021

30+

Average cost per session

$122

Therapists in 48021 who prioritize treating:

83% Depression
81% Anxiety
69% Trauma and PTSD
58% Grief
53% Relationship Issues
47% Life Transitions
42% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% Aetna
72% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 48021 see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
21% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 48021?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.