Photo of Connie Weil, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Connie Weil
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
If you have a relationship challenge, you have come to the right place. Whether you are struggling with your marriage, an adolescent child, a parent, sibling or even a friend or work colleague; you can sort it out with me. I can support a family that is divorcing to have the most healthy transition. I work with individual issues that effect relationships such as anxiety disorders, current and past abuse, along with the full range of adolescent struggles.
If you have a relationship challenge, you have come to the right place. Whether you are struggling with your marriage, an adolescent child, a parent, sibling or even a friend or work colleague; you can sort it out with me. I can support a family that is divorcing to have the most healthy transition. I work with individual issues that effect relationships such as anxiety disorders, current and past abuse, along with the full range of adolescent struggles.
(216) 452-7302 View (216) 452-7302
Photo of Lauren Kustec, LPCC
Lauren Kustec
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Lauren Kustec is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who earned her Master’s Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from The University of Akron and her Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology from Franciscan University of Steubenville. Lauren has experience working with individuals, couples, and families from various backgrounds and of all ages. Lauren has provided treatment to individuals with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, adjustment disorders, PTSD, personality disorders, and other mental health issues that impact daily living.
Lauren Kustec is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who earned her Master’s Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from The University of Akron and her Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology from Franciscan University of Steubenville. Lauren has experience working with individuals, couples, and families from various backgrounds and of all ages. Lauren has provided treatment to individuals with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, adjustment disorders, PTSD, personality disorders, and other mental health issues that impact daily living.
(440) 754-7967 View (440) 754-7967
Photo of undefined - Caritas Treatment Wellness Center, MEd, LCDC II, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Caritas Treatment Wellness Center
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MEd, LCDC II
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
I am a firm believer that ever person has the ability to enter and maintain sobriety. I have been sober for 16+ years and at one point questioned my own abilities to stay sober. I was introduced to counseling because of my own experiences and questions which developed into an intrinsic purpose to maintain my sobriety. I have a personal history that lends to helping others leave the life of active addiction and gain the tools to be sober and fulfilled. Active addiction or recovery presents difficulties which have a solution, I’m here to help in the solution.
I am a firm believer that ever person has the ability to enter and maintain sobriety. I have been sober for 16+ years and at one point questioned my own abilities to stay sober. I was introduced to counseling because of my own experiences and questions which developed into an intrinsic purpose to maintain my sobriety. I have a personal history that lends to helping others leave the life of active addiction and gain the tools to be sober and fulfilled. Active addiction or recovery presents difficulties which have a solution, I’m here to help in the solution.
(440) 337-4244 View (440) 337-4244
Photo of Connie Lawrence, LISW-S, PAT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Connie Lawrence
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S, PAT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Hi, I'm Connie. For years I specialized in trauma treatment and I've come to believe that just healing trauma isn't enough...you deserve more. The approach I use is twofold: Together we will gently unwind the trauma that causes you pain, while also connecting with the intuition and intelligence of the body. As trauma heals, there is more room for aliveness, freedom, and a sense of purpose that naturally help you move to the life you long for.
Hi, I'm Connie. For years I specialized in trauma treatment and I've come to believe that just healing trauma isn't enough...you deserve more. The approach I use is twofold: Together we will gently unwind the trauma that causes you pain, while also connecting with the intuition and intelligence of the body. As trauma heals, there is more room for aliveness, freedom, and a sense of purpose that naturally help you move to the life you long for.
(440) 689-8559 View (440) 689-8559
Photo of Gail Papay, LPCC, Counselor
Gail Papay
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
As a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, I am committed to providing a safe environment where self-exploration and insight are achieved, to offering the support and empathy necessary for clients to resolve their own problems, and to enabling clients to empower themselves with confidence to reach their own self-defined goals and potentials.
As a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, I am committed to providing a safe environment where self-exploration and insight are achieved, to offering the support and empathy necessary for clients to resolve their own problems, and to enabling clients to empower themselves with confidence to reach their own self-defined goals and potentials.
(440) 496-7041 View (440) 496-7041
Photo of Beth Gracey, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Beth Gracey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
Beth Gracey has over 25 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families as an independently licensed social worker. She graduated from Case Western Reserve University with a Master's degree in Social Work. She has been the Children's Program Coordinator at the County of Summit Alcohol, Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services Board for over 10 years. She serves as co-chair of the Summit County Youth Suicide Prevention Committee, and Summit County Trauma Informed Care Coalition. She is a Level One Certified Trauma Practitioner and certified perinatal mood disorder specialist.
Beth Gracey has over 25 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families as an independently licensed social worker. She graduated from Case Western Reserve University with a Master's degree in Social Work. She has been the Children's Program Coordinator at the County of Summit Alcohol, Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services Board for over 10 years. She serves as co-chair of the Summit County Youth Suicide Prevention Committee, and Summit County Trauma Informed Care Coalition. She is a Level One Certified Trauma Practitioner and certified perinatal mood disorder specialist.
(440) 517-4466 View (440) 517-4466
Photo of Deanna Morphy, LPCC-S, Counselor
Deanna Morphy
Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Deanna Morphy is a licensed professional clinical counselor. She completed her master's degree at Geneva College. She has experience working with adults who struggle with alcoholism or addiction, in both inpatient and outpatient settings. Deanna has provided both individual and group therapy to those clients, as well as individuals coping with depression and anxiety. She also has experience working with physicians and their clients who are taking a maintenance medication such as Suboxone, Naltrexone, and Methadone. She has also provided couples and family counseling.
Deanna Morphy is a licensed professional clinical counselor. She completed her master's degree at Geneva College. She has experience working with adults who struggle with alcoholism or addiction, in both inpatient and outpatient settings. Deanna has provided both individual and group therapy to those clients, as well as individuals coping with depression and anxiety. She also has experience working with physicians and their clients who are taking a maintenance medication such as Suboxone, Naltrexone, and Methadone. She has also provided couples and family counseling.
(440) 703-6828 View (440) 703-6828
Photo of Lori Wolfe, LPCC-S, Counselor
Lori Wolfe
Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
Lori Wolfe earned her master's degree from Ohio University in 1994. She has worked in private practice settings, as well as community mental health. Lori's treatment focus is couples, adults, and very young children. She specializes in helping families with parenting concerns and new mothers experiencing postpartum depression. Lori is adept in assisting couples with marital issues and she has a wealth of experience treating adults with anxiety and depression.
Lori Wolfe earned her master's degree from Ohio University in 1994. She has worked in private practice settings, as well as community mental health. Lori's treatment focus is couples, adults, and very young children. She specializes in helping families with parenting concerns and new mothers experiencing postpartum depression. Lori is adept in assisting couples with marital issues and she has a wealth of experience treating adults with anxiety and depression.
(216) 208-4909 View (216) 208-4909
Photo of Carly Koller, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Carly Koller
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
“The happiness of your life depends upon the quality of your thoughts” Marcus Aurelius How we think affects how we feel and therefore how we tend to behave. It is my belief that the counseling experience is all about self exploration, growth and gaining new perspective and ways of thinking. I truly enjoy providing and sharing safe and comfortable spaces with individuals, couples, families and groups. I welcome any and all individuals age 14 and older no matter what challenges you are facing.
“The happiness of your life depends upon the quality of your thoughts” Marcus Aurelius How we think affects how we feel and therefore how we tend to behave. It is my belief that the counseling experience is all about self exploration, growth and gaining new perspective and ways of thinking. I truly enjoy providing and sharing safe and comfortable spaces with individuals, couples, families and groups. I welcome any and all individuals age 14 and older no matter what challenges you are facing.
(440) 809-8306 View (440) 809-8306
Photo of Bridgett Holzheimer, LPCC
Bridgett Holzheimer
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Bridgett Holzheimer earned her master’s degree in community counseling at John Carroll University in 2006. She has worked as a Licensed Professional Counselor for about 18 years in different environments that include agency, hospital, private practice, and telehealth platforms. Bridgett embraces the multisystemic approach to therapy with the idea there are many solutions to living a better and healthier life. She enjoys using modalities that connect with her clients. Some examples of those modalities are cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, mindfulness, motivational interviewing, grounding, empathetic, and c
Bridgett Holzheimer earned her master’s degree in community counseling at John Carroll University in 2006. She has worked as a Licensed Professional Counselor for about 18 years in different environments that include agency, hospital, private practice, and telehealth platforms. Bridgett embraces the multisystemic approach to therapy with the idea there are many solutions to living a better and healthier life. She enjoys using modalities that connect with her clients. Some examples of those modalities are cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, mindfulness, motivational interviewing, grounding, empathetic, and c
(440) 276-5629 View (440) 276-5629
Photo of undefined - Chagrin Valley Counseling, LPCC-S
Chagrin Valley Counseling
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
CVC is a welcoming private practice specializing in working with individuals, couples & families to improve overall mental health and wellness. My style is individualized & we will focus on your needs, current challenges, symptoms & behaviors that are interfering with your happiness and goals. We can explore how your past may be connected to your current stress & problems. I strive to create a relaxed, warm, unbiased, honest, empathic, non-judgmental, safe environment to help you manage anxiety, depression, resolve problems, improve relationships and happiness. Call or email me for a free phone or video consultation at 440-373-9043.
CVC is a welcoming private practice specializing in working with individuals, couples & families to improve overall mental health and wellness. My style is individualized & we will focus on your needs, current challenges, symptoms & behaviors that are interfering with your happiness and goals. We can explore how your past may be connected to your current stress & problems. I strive to create a relaxed, warm, unbiased, honest, empathic, non-judgmental, safe environment to help you manage anxiety, depression, resolve problems, improve relationships and happiness. Call or email me for a free phone or video consultation at 440-373-9043.
(440) 740-3341 View (440) 740-3341
Photo of Cary Sanders, LPCC-S
Cary Sanders
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
It is with much admiration and respect that I engage with clients in the journey to wellness. As a therapist, I have always believed in the strength of the individual to heal. I have a depth of knowledge and years of experience knowing how mental health concerns impact individuals. It is part of who you are, but it doesn't need to define you. It can be difficult to seek help when things seem overwhelming and that is why I have always tried to create a warm, compassionate and safe environment. I am accepting of wherever you may be in your journey of self-discovery and growth.
It is with much admiration and respect that I engage with clients in the journey to wellness. As a therapist, I have always believed in the strength of the individual to heal. I have a depth of knowledge and years of experience knowing how mental health concerns impact individuals. It is part of who you are, but it doesn't need to define you. It can be difficult to seek help when things seem overwhelming and that is why I have always tried to create a warm, compassionate and safe environment. I am accepting of wherever you may be in your journey of self-discovery and growth.
(440) 294-8360 View (440) 294-8360
Photo of Bonnie Miller Ladds, LISW, LCSW, CDC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bonnie Miller Ladds
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW, LCSW, CDC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Are you feeling overwhelmed? Afraid of the future? Are you stuck or spinning? Don't know what to do first? You don't need to go at it alone. Please don't. I get it, all the fears, but more importantly, the hope. Get support from a qualified, experienced professional and gain the confidence and ability to handle the complex decisions in your life. Welcome to Focus Forward Therapy & Coaching.
Are you feeling overwhelmed? Afraid of the future? Are you stuck or spinning? Don't know what to do first? You don't need to go at it alone. Please don't. I get it, all the fears, but more importantly, the hope. Get support from a qualified, experienced professional and gain the confidence and ability to handle the complex decisions in your life. Welcome to Focus Forward Therapy & Coaching.
(888) 320-2522 View (888) 320-2522
Photo of Sarah Huffstetler, LSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah Huffstetler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023  (Online Only)
I'm Sarah, an LCSW who has been practicing in the mental health field for over 6 years. Many of my clients find themselves struggling to balance all of life's responsibilities like work, kids, finances, relationships and school. This often creates anxiety, depression, and sense of overwhelm, and often feeling stuck, not knowing what next step to take. They want to organize their thoughts and sense of overwhelm, find ways to manage anxiety and depression, and learn new strategies to allow them to participate productively in all their roles.
I'm Sarah, an LCSW who has been practicing in the mental health field for over 6 years. Many of my clients find themselves struggling to balance all of life's responsibilities like work, kids, finances, relationships and school. This often creates anxiety, depression, and sense of overwhelm, and often feeling stuck, not knowing what next step to take. They want to organize their thoughts and sense of overwhelm, find ways to manage anxiety and depression, and learn new strategies to allow them to participate productively in all their roles.
(440) 664-3713 View (440) 664-3713
Photo of Christopher Kline, PhD, Psychologist
Christopher Kline
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Christopher D. Kline, Ph.D. is a licensed psychologist who has had the pleasure of working with adults and adolescents for over 20 years in a number of different settings, from university counseling centers, community-based outreach programs, and private psychology practice, to working with corporate executives and teams. Dr. Kline received his Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from the University of Akron, a Masters of Arts in Community Counseling from the University of Akron, and a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from the College of Wooster.
Christopher D. Kline, Ph.D. is a licensed psychologist who has had the pleasure of working with adults and adolescents for over 20 years in a number of different settings, from university counseling centers, community-based outreach programs, and private psychology practice, to working with corporate executives and teams. Dr. Kline received his Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from the University of Akron, a Masters of Arts in Community Counseling from the University of Akron, and a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from the College of Wooster.
(440) 683-6441 View (440) 683-6441
Photo of Stephanie Heck, IMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Stephanie Heck
Marriage & Family Therapist, IMFT
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Hello! I’m Stephanie Heck and I am a licensed marriage and family therapist with 20 years experience. I was trained in marriage and family therapy and art therapy in LA California, and currently reside in Ohio. There are two parts to my practice- therapy services and Lyme Disease support. Along the lines of therapy, I work with teens, individuals, couples and families on a variety of issues. On the Lyme Disease support side, I use the knowledge I acquired from my own healing from Lyme disease to help people navigate the emotional and scary journey of their own healing.
Hello! I’m Stephanie Heck and I am a licensed marriage and family therapist with 20 years experience. I was trained in marriage and family therapy and art therapy in LA California, and currently reside in Ohio. There are two parts to my practice- therapy services and Lyme Disease support. Along the lines of therapy, I work with teens, individuals, couples and families on a variety of issues. On the Lyme Disease support side, I use the knowledge I acquired from my own healing from Lyme disease to help people navigate the emotional and scary journey of their own healing.
View
Photo of Aminah Brahim-Jimenez, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Aminah Brahim-Jimenez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
I have a master's degree from Case Western Reserve University and I am a supervising licensed independent social worker with over 20 years of experience. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults in many settings including hospitals, schools, childcare centers, juvenile detention centers, adolescent residential treatment facilities, and outpatient community mental health centers. I especially love working with children and their families, assisting those as young as three years of age.
I have a master's degree from Case Western Reserve University and I am a supervising licensed independent social worker with over 20 years of experience. I have worked with children, adolescents, and adults in many settings including hospitals, schools, childcare centers, juvenile detention centers, adolescent residential treatment facilities, and outpatient community mental health centers. I especially love working with children and their families, assisting those as young as three years of age.
(440) 389-3071 View (440) 389-3071
Photo of Hao Chu, PsyD, Psychologist
Hao Chu
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Dr. Hao Chu is a licensed clinical psychologist in Ohio. He received his Doctorate of Clinical Psychology, Psy.D., from Wright State University, School of Professional Psychology. He has years of professional experience in working with clients to overcome issues relating to anxiety, depression, trauma, and personal relationships. Dr. Chu is a cognitive-behavioral based therapist, who often integrates elements of humanistic, multicultural, and interpersonal theory in his practice. Moreover, he believes in engaging clients with empathy and compassion.
Dr. Hao Chu is a licensed clinical psychologist in Ohio. He received his Doctorate of Clinical Psychology, Psy.D., from Wright State University, School of Professional Psychology. He has years of professional experience in working with clients to overcome issues relating to anxiety, depression, trauma, and personal relationships. Dr. Chu is a cognitive-behavioral based therapist, who often integrates elements of humanistic, multicultural, and interpersonal theory in his practice. Moreover, he believes in engaging clients with empathy and compassion.
(440) 636-1372 View (440) 636-1372
Photo of undefined - LifeTime Impact Counseling: Gail Papay, MEd, LPCC, MEd, LPCC, Counselor
LifeTime Impact Counseling: Gail Papay, MEd, LPCC
Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
As a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, I am committed to providing a safe environment where self-exploration and insight is achieved; to offering the support and empathy necessary for clients to resolve their own problems; to enabling clients to empower themselves with confidence to reach their own self-defined goals and potentials.
As a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, I am committed to providing a safe environment where self-exploration and insight is achieved; to offering the support and empathy necessary for clients to resolve their own problems; to enabling clients to empower themselves with confidence to reach their own self-defined goals and potentials.
(440) 703-6885 View (440) 703-6885
Photo of Dr. Lynn Luna Jones, PhD, ABPP, Psychologist
Dr. Lynn Luna Jones
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Chagrin Falls, OH 44023
Dr. Lynn Luna Jones earned her Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from Temple University in 2004 and is a licensed psychologist. She has 20 years of experience in the field of psychology and has worked with children, adolescents, and adults, providing individual, family, couples, and group counseling services. She specializes in diagnostic assessment and is skilled in administering intellectual, achievement, personality, vocational, adaptive functioning, and other specialized tests.
Dr. Lynn Luna Jones earned her Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from Temple University in 2004 and is a licensed psychologist. She has 20 years of experience in the field of psychology and has worked with children, adolescents, and adults, providing individual, family, couples, and group counseling services. She specializes in diagnostic assessment and is skilled in administering intellectual, achievement, personality, vocational, adaptive functioning, and other specialized tests.
(440) 306-3419 View (440) 306-3419

See more therapy options for 44023

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 44023

40+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in 44023 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
73% Grief
73% Parenting
73% Divorce
73% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

91% Medical Mutual
84% Aetna
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 44023 see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 44023?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.