Therapists in 43082

Photo of Kristine Carson, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 43082, OH
Kristine Carson
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082
Life can be overwhelming at times. You may be experiencing painful emotions from trauma, abuse, divorce, or grief and loss. For many people, work and relationships can also be challenging. We are living in stressful times that may exacerbate anxiety, depression, and substance use. What you’re feeling today can be different tomorrow. Using a holistic counseling approach, we will help you work through your challenges and give you tools to reach your goals. Things can be different.
Life can be overwhelming at times. You may be experiencing painful emotions from trauma, abuse, divorce, or grief and loss. For many people, work and relationships can also be challenging. We are living in stressful times that may exacerbate anxiety, depression, and substance use. What you’re feeling today can be different tomorrow. Using a holistic counseling approach, we will help you work through your challenges and give you tools to reach your goals. Things can be different.
(614) 412-3635 View (614) 412-3635
Photo of Ellen Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in 43082, OH
Ellen Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC-S , CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082  (Online Only)
I am a clinical counselor (licensed in Ohio, in Georgia, and in California) and an AASECT certified sexual health therapist bringing mental health therapy directly to your safe environments in Ohio, Georgia, and California via telemedicine services. I am inclusive and work with all communities and most mental health diagnoses using secure online meeting applications thus increasing safety, discretion and convenience. Please email or call to set up an initial consultation.
I am a clinical counselor (licensed in Ohio, in Georgia, and in California) and an AASECT certified sexual health therapist bringing mental health therapy directly to your safe environments in Ohio, Georgia, and California via telemedicine services. I am inclusive and work with all communities and most mental health diagnoses using secure online meeting applications thus increasing safety, discretion and convenience. Please email or call to set up an initial consultation.
(740) 276-2826 View (740) 276-2826
Amy P. Rouse
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
The simple fact that we are all human beings means that we will experience the joy and pain that comes with being alive and living life. Most clients tend to seek a therapist while they are going through a difficult transition that often feels painful and sometimes lonely. As a therapist, I have learned that individuals tend to learn more about themselves, and experience more personal growth during these periods of transitions. Therefore, my favorite role as a therapist is to build a collaborative, supportive relationship with individuals that may be struggling with making decisions or adjusting to changes related to natural life transitions.
The simple fact that we are all human beings means that we will experience the joy and pain that comes with being alive and living life. Most clients tend to seek a therapist while they are going through a difficult transition that often feels painful and sometimes lonely. As a therapist, I have learned that individuals tend to learn more about themselves, and experience more personal growth during these periods of transitions. Therefore, my favorite role as a therapist is to build a collaborative, supportive relationship with individuals that may be struggling with making decisions or adjusting to changes related to natural life transitions.
(614) 468-5337 View (614) 468-5337
Photo of Dayamiaha Ja'nean Jones, Counselor in 43082, OH
Dayamiaha Ja'nean Jones
Counselor, BA, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082  (Online Only)
Dayamiaha Jones is the owner of Day by Day Counseling Group LLC. She is a Licensed Professional Counselor with the State of Ohio. Dayamiaha earned her Bachelor’s in Psychology with a minor in Criminal Justice from Ohio Dominican University. She then studied Marriage, Couple and Family Counseling at Walden University earning a Master of Science in 2019.
Dayamiaha Jones is the owner of Day by Day Counseling Group LLC. She is a Licensed Professional Counselor with the State of Ohio. Dayamiaha earned her Bachelor’s in Psychology with a minor in Criminal Justice from Ohio Dominican University. She then studied Marriage, Couple and Family Counseling at Walden University earning a Master of Science in 2019.
(380) 208-1770 View (380) 208-1770
Photo of Collin Weekes, Counselor in 43082, OH
Collin Weekes
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082  (Online Only)
I am a counselor, EMDR Therapist, Certified Forensic Mental Health Evaluator, and a proud graduate of Regent University where I earned a master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. I have a Master's in Clinical Psychology from Fielding Graduate University. My focus includes depression, anxiety, PTSD, OCD and I conduct Immigration Evaluations using an integrative approach to therapy that includes various treatment modalities based on your therapeutic and personal needs. Because of my service in ministry, I am uniquely positioned to offer spiritual counseling from a Christian perspective at your request.
I am a counselor, EMDR Therapist, Certified Forensic Mental Health Evaluator, and a proud graduate of Regent University where I earned a master’s degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. I have a Master's in Clinical Psychology from Fielding Graduate University. My focus includes depression, anxiety, PTSD, OCD and I conduct Immigration Evaluations using an integrative approach to therapy that includes various treatment modalities based on your therapeutic and personal needs. Because of my service in ministry, I am uniquely positioned to offer spiritual counseling from a Christian perspective at your request.
(380) 207-1462 View (380) 207-1462
Photo of Stephanie Eich, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 43082, OH
Stephanie Eich
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
I believe we are all complex beings and that sometimes we need to untangle the past to make sense of the present. My goal in counseling is to create a safe space where you are able to speak freely, practice vulnerability and build resilience though personal growth. I am passionate about helping my clients learn to express and identify their emotions to build self-awareness and emotional intelligence.
I believe we are all complex beings and that sometimes we need to untangle the past to make sense of the present. My goal in counseling is to create a safe space where you are able to speak freely, practice vulnerability and build resilience though personal growth. I am passionate about helping my clients learn to express and identify their emotions to build self-awareness and emotional intelligence.
(614) 683-3690 View (614) 683-3690
Photo of Contessa Bush, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Contessa Bush
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Contessa Bush is a Licensed Social Worker, licensed through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. Contessa received her master's degree in Social Work from Cleveland State University. Before attending graduate school, she completed a bachelor's degree in Psychology from Wright State University where she started her career working with children and adults with intellectual disabilities. Serving that population, which in some cases consumers happened to be dually diagnosed with mental health barriers, inspired her to further her education and service people from a clinical perspective.
Contessa Bush is a Licensed Social Worker, licensed through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. Contessa received her master's degree in Social Work from Cleveland State University. Before attending graduate school, she completed a bachelor's degree in Psychology from Wright State University where she started her career working with children and adults with intellectual disabilities. Serving that population, which in some cases consumers happened to be dually diagnosed with mental health barriers, inspired her to further her education and service people from a clinical perspective.
(614) 963-3033 View (614) 963-3033
Photo of Erin Beach, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Erin Beach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
I am extremely passionate about helping people discover the best version of themselves. Life can be difficult and challenging, but If you find yourself in survival mode struggling to find stability during difficult times of change, I can help provide you with a safe space to explore and process. Whether it’s anxiety, chronic illness, depression, trauma, or relationship/family distress, I can help you to heal and grow. I aim to help provide an opportunity for clients to take a deep dive to get to the root of the issue for long term healing and change. I believe anything is possible when you show up for yourself in therapy.
I am extremely passionate about helping people discover the best version of themselves. Life can be difficult and challenging, but If you find yourself in survival mode struggling to find stability during difficult times of change, I can help provide you with a safe space to explore and process. Whether it’s anxiety, chronic illness, depression, trauma, or relationship/family distress, I can help you to heal and grow. I aim to help provide an opportunity for clients to take a deep dive to get to the root of the issue for long term healing and change. I believe anything is possible when you show up for yourself in therapy.
(740) 217-4754 View (740) 217-4754
Photo of Melanie Bergsten, Psychologist in 43082, OH
Melanie Bergsten
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Not accepting new clients
Life can be challenging and we all need a place where we can be seen, heard and understood without judgement. You may feel stuck as a result of depression or anxiety or you may want to grow, change or feel more confident and connected to others. I have a passion for helping others as they navigate their unique life path and encounter a variety of life stressors.
Life can be challenging and we all need a place where we can be seen, heard and understood without judgement. You may feel stuck as a result of depression or anxiety or you may want to grow, change or feel more confident and connected to others. I have a passion for helping others as they navigate their unique life path and encounter a variety of life stressors.
(740) 245-3669 View (740) 245-3669
Photo of Rhonda Taylor, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 43082, OH
Rhonda Taylor
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082
I firmly believe there is hope for every person and every situation. It is okay if you are not able to see hope in your situation right now. I see this as part of the journey, and I would consider it an honor to walk alongside you as you face the choices, detours, and barriers to making that journey successful and ultimately to believing in that hope for yourself and your unique, specific situation.
I firmly believe there is hope for every person and every situation. It is okay if you are not able to see hope in your situation right now. I see this as part of the journey, and I would consider it an honor to walk alongside you as you face the choices, detours, and barriers to making that journey successful and ultimately to believing in that hope for yourself and your unique, specific situation.
(380) 666-3270 x306 View (380) 666-3270 x306
Photo of Dr. Henry Stringer, Counselor in 43082, OH
Dr. Henry Stringer
Counselor, MA, MDiv, PhD
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082  (Online Only)
If you are hurting from personal problems, feeling overwhelmed by difficult circumstances or the situation you are now facing, then it may be time for you to seek professional help from a qualified counselor. People make choices about relationships, what foods to eat, personal activities, and many other life concerns and conditions. If you make the right choices in your life, chances are happiness and self-fulfillment will come your way. Otherwise, you may find yourself hurting or experiencing unwanted results. I can help you avoid or work through these problems and live a full and happy life.
If you are hurting from personal problems, feeling overwhelmed by difficult circumstances or the situation you are now facing, then it may be time for you to seek professional help from a qualified counselor. People make choices about relationships, what foods to eat, personal activities, and many other life concerns and conditions. If you make the right choices in your life, chances are happiness and self-fulfillment will come your way. Otherwise, you may find yourself hurting or experiencing unwanted results. I can help you avoid or work through these problems and live a full and happy life.
(614) 654-5912 View (614) 654-5912
Photo of Katherine McCullough, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Katherine McCullough
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Katie McCullough is a Licensed Social Work Trainee through the State of Ohio, Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. She earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with a minor in Education from The Ohio State University in May 2021. She is currently a graduate student in The Ohio State University's Master of Social Work Program and plans to graduate with her MSW in May 2024. Katie is currently interested in utilizing holistic, mind-body-spirit, strengths-based, and client-centered therapy frameworks to treat a wide range of client populations.
Katie McCullough is a Licensed Social Work Trainee through the State of Ohio, Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. She earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with a minor in Education from The Ohio State University in May 2021. She is currently a graduate student in The Ohio State University's Master of Social Work Program and plans to graduate with her MSW in May 2024. Katie is currently interested in utilizing holistic, mind-body-spirit, strengths-based, and client-centered therapy frameworks to treat a wide range of client populations.
(614) 968-8924 View (614) 968-8924
Photo of Allison Fagan, Psychologist in 43082, OH
Allison Fagan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
I help people in distressed adult relationships. In a marriage or partnership, we need to know that we can reach our partner and feel connected and open to them, that we can count on our partner to respond to us when we are in need, and that we are special and cherished by our partner. I can help you find your way back to your partner, and restore feelings of safety and connection. In other close adult relationships, such as an adult child and a parent, distress can occur despite a desire by both parties to be closely connected.
I help people in distressed adult relationships. In a marriage or partnership, we need to know that we can reach our partner and feel connected and open to them, that we can count on our partner to respond to us when we are in need, and that we are special and cherished by our partner. I can help you find your way back to your partner, and restore feelings of safety and connection. In other close adult relationships, such as an adult child and a parent, distress can occur despite a desire by both parties to be closely connected.
(614) 957-1280 View (614) 957-1280
Photo of One Recovery Company LLC, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 43082, OH
One Recovery Company LLC
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, CSAT, EMDR-tr, M
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082
Is your relationship with a loved one or spouse suffering? Are you keeping secrets from loved ones or feel you are at the place where you need intervention? At One Recovery Company, I specialize in addressing internal and external systems that create dysfunction in relationships. Furthermore, I help my clients reconstruct the parts of themselves that seem to fall short of achieving healthy attachment. If your goal is to establish recovery that can restore your relationships, mental health, and overall life satisfaction, here is your invitation. The space I offer is one that is safe, judgment-free, and equipped to help you succeed.
Is your relationship with a loved one or spouse suffering? Are you keeping secrets from loved ones or feel you are at the place where you need intervention? At One Recovery Company, I specialize in addressing internal and external systems that create dysfunction in relationships. Furthermore, I help my clients reconstruct the parts of themselves that seem to fall short of achieving healthy attachment. If your goal is to establish recovery that can restore your relationships, mental health, and overall life satisfaction, here is your invitation. The space I offer is one that is safe, judgment-free, and equipped to help you succeed.
(614) 739-9406 View (614) 739-9406
Photo of Cassandra Tapia, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Cassandra Tapia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
I am a Licensed Social Work Trainee through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. I earned my Bachelors of Arts degree in English Literature, with a minor in Rhetoric in Human Rights Narrative, from The Ohio State University in 2011. I am currently a student in The Ohio State University's Master of Social Work Program. I am a certified trauma sensitive yoga instructor with 5 years' experience as a yoga teacher and over 10 years as a yoga student.
I am a Licensed Social Work Trainee through the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board. I earned my Bachelors of Arts degree in English Literature, with a minor in Rhetoric in Human Rights Narrative, from The Ohio State University in 2011. I am currently a student in The Ohio State University's Master of Social Work Program. I am a certified trauma sensitive yoga instructor with 5 years' experience as a yoga teacher and over 10 years as a yoga student.
(380) 205-0144 View (380) 205-0144
Photo of Whitney Quinn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Whitney Quinn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Hi! I would be delighted to work with you on your mental health goals. I will take the time to get to know you well and understand what contributes to the patterns that may keep you stuck. I bring warmth to my clinical work, while holding hope and commitment to change for my clients. I view therapy as a meaningful collaborative process in which my curiosity helps me unlock new potential and internal wisdom from my clients, supporting them in finding relief.
Hi! I would be delighted to work with you on your mental health goals. I will take the time to get to know you well and understand what contributes to the patterns that may keep you stuck. I bring warmth to my clinical work, while holding hope and commitment to change for my clients. I view therapy as a meaningful collaborative process in which my curiosity helps me unlock new potential and internal wisdom from my clients, supporting them in finding relief.
(614) 762-9791 View (614) 762-9791
Photo of Keshawn Harper, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Keshawn Harper
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082  (Online Only)
Have you ever felt that your lack of confidence interferes with your relationships, career, or view of yourself? Have you ever felt so depressed or anxious that completing daily tasks feels impossible? Are you living with unhealed trauma that makes life a little harder than it needs to be? Are you so stressed that life feels unmanageable? Or perhaps you have gone your whole life feeling like you had to mask your feelings and be strong, and you never had a safe place to express yourself. I am here for you. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker (LISW) and I graduated with my Master in Social Work from Ohio State University.
Have you ever felt that your lack of confidence interferes with your relationships, career, or view of yourself? Have you ever felt so depressed or anxious that completing daily tasks feels impossible? Are you living with unhealed trauma that makes life a little harder than it needs to be? Are you so stressed that life feels unmanageable? Or perhaps you have gone your whole life feeling like you had to mask your feelings and be strong, and you never had a safe place to express yourself. I am here for you. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker (LISW) and I graduated with my Master in Social Work from Ohio State University.
(614) 665-6452 View (614) 665-6452
Photo of Diana Lippencott, Licensed Social Worker in 43082, OH
Diana Lippencott
Licensed Social Worker, MA, LSW, LICDC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westerville, OH 43082
Now Accepting New Clients! My hope for you is that you can experience Grace, Joy, Comfort and Acceptance. I provide a judgement free safe space to explore and discover your inner strengths. My therapy is client driven and I act as the guide coming along side you in your journey. My passion is supporting teens, adults and older adults towards growth and a path to wellness.
Now Accepting New Clients! My hope for you is that you can experience Grace, Joy, Comfort and Acceptance. I provide a judgement free safe space to explore and discover your inner strengths. My therapy is client driven and I act as the guide coming along side you in your journey. My passion is supporting teens, adults and older adults towards growth and a path to wellness.
(614) 762-9656 View (614) 762-9656
Photo of Jason Stofel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 43082, OH
Jason Stofel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Jason Stofel has been working in the field of social work in various settings since 1994. He began as a direct care staff serving youth involved in the juvenile court system in Delaware, Ohio as well as working with children and teens placed in out of home care at The United Methodist Children's Home. It was in these two settings that he learned the importance of building relationships, providing consistency and behavioral management. He then entered into doing Community Based counseling at Directions for Youth and Families, serving at risk youth and their loved ones.
Jason Stofel has been working in the field of social work in various settings since 1994. He began as a direct care staff serving youth involved in the juvenile court system in Delaware, Ohio as well as working with children and teens placed in out of home care at The United Methodist Children's Home. It was in these two settings that he learned the importance of building relationships, providing consistency and behavioral management. He then entered into doing Community Based counseling at Directions for Youth and Families, serving at risk youth and their loved ones.
(380) 207-0861 View (380) 207-0861
Photo of Queen Watson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 43082, OH
Queen Watson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Westerville, OH 43082
Queen Watson is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Ohio who has been practicing since 2023. She has a Masters of Arts from The University of Cincinnati. Queen offers clients authenticity, encouragement throughout the therapeutic relationship, and continuous education regarding the various components of their presenting concerns. She aims to normalize seeking support for mental health concerns and the mental health strains that individuals can experience when facing daily life challenges. Outside of work Queen enjoys writing poetry, painting, and cooking. Times for creative expression are important parts of her day.
Queen Watson is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Ohio who has been practicing since 2023. She has a Masters of Arts from The University of Cincinnati. Queen offers clients authenticity, encouragement throughout the therapeutic relationship, and continuous education regarding the various components of their presenting concerns. She aims to normalize seeking support for mental health concerns and the mental health strains that individuals can experience when facing daily life challenges. Outside of work Queen enjoys writing poetry, painting, and cooking. Times for creative expression are important parts of her day.
(614) 762-9107 View (614) 762-9107

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 43082

60+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in 43082 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
87% Depression
71% Grief
69% Relationship Issues
69% Trauma and PTSD
60% Self Esteem
57% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
76% Medical Mutual
70% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 43082 see their clients

83% In Person and Online
17% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 43082?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.