Therapists in 38119

Photo of Amanda Russell, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Amanda Russell
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPCMHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
I love to work with individuals who have a desire to make a change in their lives but don't know where to start or who find themselves getting in their own way. I believe that everyone has the ability to make positive changes in their lives when given the opportunity to be heard, valued, and supported. I do everything in my power to make my counseling office a safe place for clients to share their stories, process difficult experiences, and practice new ways of responding. I enjoy working with teens over the age of 13 and adults. I also provide clinical supervision and consultation to organizations.
I love to work with individuals who have a desire to make a change in their lives but don't know where to start or who find themselves getting in their own way. I believe that everyone has the ability to make positive changes in their lives when given the opportunity to be heard, valued, and supported. I do everything in my power to make my counseling office a safe place for clients to share their stories, process difficult experiences, and practice new ways of responding. I enjoy working with teens over the age of 13 and adults. I also provide clinical supervision and consultation to organizations.
(901) 445-9286 View (901) 445-9286
Photo of Rebecca R Cochran, Counselor in 38119, TN
Rebecca R Cochran
Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
Walking into a therapist's office for the first time can be a daunting experience and even scary for some. So can acknowledging a problem or accepting that something in your life isn't quite working. With genuine warmth and concern, coupled with an authentic approach to problem solving, I will help you take those initial steps towards change and growth. The therapeutic relationship is a partnership in which both parties agree to work hard. Together, we'll identify areas for change and growth, make a realistic plan and trouble-shoot problems as we go along in an effort to achieve emotional stability and wholeness.
Walking into a therapist's office for the first time can be a daunting experience and even scary for some. So can acknowledging a problem or accepting that something in your life isn't quite working. With genuine warmth and concern, coupled with an authentic approach to problem solving, I will help you take those initial steps towards change and growth. The therapeutic relationship is a partnership in which both parties agree to work hard. Together, we'll identify areas for change and growth, make a realistic plan and trouble-shoot problems as we go along in an effort to achieve emotional stability and wholeness.
(901) 244-4358 View (901) 244-4358
Photo of Jarrod Micah Hoffman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Jarrod Micah Hoffman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP, (temp)
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
Are you lonely? Tired? Scared? Have you decided you need help? You fear what might happen if you put off counseling any longer. You've tried everything you know to fix your problem. You thought you would have figured it out by now. Your job, your career, your life circumstances have never been so challenging. Trying to solve this puzzle has been exhausting, debilitating, and perplexing! You're beyond ready to experience freedom and purpose!
Are you lonely? Tired? Scared? Have you decided you need help? You fear what might happen if you put off counseling any longer. You've tried everything you know to fix your problem. You thought you would have figured it out by now. Your job, your career, your life circumstances have never been so challenging. Trying to solve this puzzle has been exhausting, debilitating, and perplexing! You're beyond ready to experience freedom and purpose!
(901) 350-4314 View (901) 350-4314
Photo of Charles E Winton Jr, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Charles E Winton Jr
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MMFT, EMDR-II, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Concentrations:Marriage and Family Counseling Premarital Counseling Couple Therapy Trauma Adolescents Individual Anger Management Group Therapy
Concentrations:Marriage and Family Counseling Premarital Counseling Couple Therapy Trauma Adolescents Individual Anger Management Group Therapy
(901) 295-0484 View (901) 295-0484
Photo of Chase Pittman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Chase Pittman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA, JD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
The focus of my psychotherapy practice has tended toward “driven” people - the high performers, hard workers, and leaders of society - who are driven to succeed. Driven people often find themselves caught in a harmful but subtle cycle. At first, their drive to succeed enables them to (over)work very hard, accomplish laudable goals, and enjoy big rewards. But the same drive also seems to entail a price tag: stressful jobs, difficult relationships, internal agonies (anxiety, depression, burnout), etc. Although survival tools - food, alcohol, love/sex, wealth, fun, etc. - can manage the pain for a while, they also entrap their users.
The focus of my psychotherapy practice has tended toward “driven” people - the high performers, hard workers, and leaders of society - who are driven to succeed. Driven people often find themselves caught in a harmful but subtle cycle. At first, their drive to succeed enables them to (over)work very hard, accomplish laudable goals, and enjoy big rewards. But the same drive also seems to entail a price tag: stressful jobs, difficult relationships, internal agonies (anxiety, depression, burnout), etc. Although survival tools - food, alcohol, love/sex, wealth, fun, etc. - can manage the pain for a while, they also entrap their users.
(901) 582-8049 x707 View (901) 582-8049 x707
Photo of Becoming More Counseling, Coaching, & Consulting, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Becoming More Counseling, Coaching, & Consulting
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, MDiv, LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
Clients who are struggling but wanting to not only heal, but also grow have the potential for being extremely powerful people. We have all gone through difficult times, experiencing anxiety, fear, depression, and hopelessness. However, if we have healed, we look back and see those times as hard, but some of the most powerful in our lives. Hearts can become strong, marriages can be healed and become euphoric, and our families can become strong, powerful, and beautiful. If you have a Christian background, I can help you become stronger in your faith. If you want to become a stronger leader, I am also an executive coach.
Clients who are struggling but wanting to not only heal, but also grow have the potential for being extremely powerful people. We have all gone through difficult times, experiencing anxiety, fear, depression, and hopelessness. However, if we have healed, we look back and see those times as hard, but some of the most powerful in our lives. Hearts can become strong, marriages can be healed and become euphoric, and our families can become strong, powerful, and beautiful. If you have a Christian background, I can help you become stronger in your faith. If you want to become a stronger leader, I am also an executive coach.
(901) 499-3505 View (901) 499-3505
Photo of Ali Austin, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Ali Austin
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
I believe the therapeutic relationship is an organic experience that cannot be created elsewhere. My experience has shown me that each of us walks our own path and that no two are the same. Having support while walking your path can be just the thing to make the difference. I strive to provide safety so that you can talk about your life, your family, your pain, and sit in the tension to ultimately begin living more authentically. I work from a holistic approach; given that, we will develop the best course of treatment for your needs, together.
I believe the therapeutic relationship is an organic experience that cannot be created elsewhere. My experience has shown me that each of us walks our own path and that no two are the same. Having support while walking your path can be just the thing to make the difference. I strive to provide safety so that you can talk about your life, your family, your pain, and sit in the tension to ultimately begin living more authentically. I work from a holistic approach; given that, we will develop the best course of treatment for your needs, together.
(901) 446-1996 View (901) 446-1996
Photo of W Trevor Winfrey, Pre-Licensed Professional in 38119, TN
W Trevor Winfrey
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
I enjoy working with clients of all types! However, I specialize in working with individuals who are dealing with significant feelings of anxiety and/or depression, trauma, relationship issues, and life transitions. If you are ready to make the change to live the life you want, I'd be elated to help you begin and walk that journey together. Let's get a consultation scheduled and see if we are a good fit!
I enjoy working with clients of all types! However, I specialize in working with individuals who are dealing with significant feelings of anxiety and/or depression, trauma, relationship issues, and life transitions. If you are ready to make the change to live the life you want, I'd be elated to help you begin and walk that journey together. Let's get a consultation scheduled and see if we are a good fit!
(901) 472-8973 View (901) 472-8973
Photo of Glen Matthew Stamps Jr., Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Glen Matthew Stamps Jr.
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Searching for someone to help when we are struggling can be difficult and uncomfortable. I want to make that process a little bit easier by employing a non-judgmental approach to meet someone where they are. My name is Matt Stamps, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor-Mental Health Service Provider. I believe in an empathic approach to therapy in which I work with my clients as partners to heal and recover from mental health issues. I utilize evidence-based approaches to assist clients in developing coping skills and new perspectives to improve day-to-day life.
Searching for someone to help when we are struggling can be difficult and uncomfortable. I want to make that process a little bit easier by employing a non-judgmental approach to meet someone where they are. My name is Matt Stamps, and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor-Mental Health Service Provider. I believe in an empathic approach to therapy in which I work with my clients as partners to heal and recover from mental health issues. I utilize evidence-based approaches to assist clients in developing coping skills and new perspectives to improve day-to-day life.
(901) 244-5731 View (901) 244-5731
Photo of Regilyn Keys, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Regilyn Keys
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
I am a licensed therapy provider that has dedicated my life to individuals and families. My passion is providing an empathetic and listening ear to people. As a therapist, I will focus on your well-being. I will help you to express your emotions in a positive and healthy way. Through learning to express emotions and challenging unhealthy thought patterns, clients can bring meaningful change into their life.
I am a licensed therapy provider that has dedicated my life to individuals and families. My passion is providing an empathetic and listening ear to people. As a therapist, I will focus on your well-being. I will help you to express your emotions in a positive and healthy way. Through learning to express emotions and challenging unhealthy thought patterns, clients can bring meaningful change into their life.
(901) 450-5904 View (901) 450-5904
Photo of Allan J Katz, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Allan J Katz
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, CSAT, BBA
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Discover Freedom from out-of-control sexual behavior & Improve Intimacy and communication in your relationship. When the empty "hole in your soul" can no longer be filled with risky behaviors, realize that there is hope and a proven solution. Together, we'll develop effective strategies to overcome urges, manage cravings and create healthy alternatives. You'll have the tools to rebuild your relationship and increase intimacy. All in a confidential atmosphere of non-judgment and acceptance. You'll rediscover your authentic self, feel freedom again and regain your own personal power to live a rich, fulfilled life worth living.
Discover Freedom from out-of-control sexual behavior & Improve Intimacy and communication in your relationship. When the empty "hole in your soul" can no longer be filled with risky behaviors, realize that there is hope and a proven solution. Together, we'll develop effective strategies to overcome urges, manage cravings and create healthy alternatives. You'll have the tools to rebuild your relationship and increase intimacy. All in a confidential atmosphere of non-judgment and acceptance. You'll rediscover your authentic self, feel freedom again and regain your own personal power to live a rich, fulfilled life worth living.
(901) 295-2983 View (901) 295-2983
Photo of Michelle Renae Robinson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38119, TN
Michelle Renae Robinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CEAP, LSSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
I enjoy working with all age groups. However, I particularly enjoy working with both men and women on their individualized issues. I also enjoy working with teens who are at the experimental stages of Alcohol and Drug issues. I have a Family Therapy background and Outpatient Mental Health, as well as over 15 years of providing EAP Counseling services, which is more Brief/Solution Focus Therapy. I love working with people helping them to reach a healthy emotional and mental state of being!! Let’s work together so that you can be happy and comfortable living in the present moment.
I enjoy working with all age groups. However, I particularly enjoy working with both men and women on their individualized issues. I also enjoy working with teens who are at the experimental stages of Alcohol and Drug issues. I have a Family Therapy background and Outpatient Mental Health, as well as over 15 years of providing EAP Counseling services, which is more Brief/Solution Focus Therapy. I love working with people helping them to reach a healthy emotional and mental state of being!! Let’s work together so that you can be happy and comfortable living in the present moment.
(901) 450-5994 View (901) 450-5994
Photo of Brenda Gilman, Counselor in 38119, TN
Brenda Gilman
Counselor, LPC, MHSP, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families in the areas of marriage counseling, affair recovery, sexual intimacy, sexual addiction recovery, trauma and abuse, EMDR, depression, anxiety and other mental health issues. My desire is to provide quality professional care to those that are in desperate need of experiencing hope and healing through their brokenness and pain. Seeking someone to walk with you through your darkest moments can provide the opportunity for tremendous growth and greater understanding of who you are created to be. I believe this is done well through a relational approach that will provide growth emotionally, spiritually and relationally.
I enjoy working with individuals, couples and families in the areas of marriage counseling, affair recovery, sexual intimacy, sexual addiction recovery, trauma and abuse, EMDR, depression, anxiety and other mental health issues. My desire is to provide quality professional care to those that are in desperate need of experiencing hope and healing through their brokenness and pain. Seeking someone to walk with you through your darkest moments can provide the opportunity for tremendous growth and greater understanding of who you are created to be. I believe this is done well through a relational approach that will provide growth emotionally, spiritually and relationally.
(901) 352-2332 View (901) 352-2332
Photo of kardia Collective , Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
kardia Collective
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
Jordan has a long standing history of working with children, adolescents, and young adults who are navigating the difficult road of overcoming trauma and the emotional and physical scars that remain after the dust has settled. Trauma has a way of stunting emotional and physical growth. It has a way of making us feel that we have lost our voices, that we are not valued, that we do not have a purpose, and as if the only way to be heard is to engage in risky behaviors or defiance. Finding hope may seem impossible. However, beginning to explore and understand the impact that trauma has had on our character enables us to move forward.
Jordan has a long standing history of working with children, adolescents, and young adults who are navigating the difficult road of overcoming trauma and the emotional and physical scars that remain after the dust has settled. Trauma has a way of stunting emotional and physical growth. It has a way of making us feel that we have lost our voices, that we are not valued, that we do not have a purpose, and as if the only way to be heard is to engage in risky behaviors or defiance. Finding hope may seem impossible. However, beginning to explore and understand the impact that trauma has had on our character enables us to move forward.
(901) 813-6004 x733 View (901) 813-6004 x733
Photo of Suha Dweik, Pre-Licensed Professional in 38119, TN
Suha Dweik
Pre-Licensed Professional, PLPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
My diverse background has equipped me with the skills to work with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, disordered eating, life transitions, and multi-cultural/inter-generational issues. With a genuine passion for supporting healing and personal growth, I offer a safe and compassionate space where you can share your story without fear of judgment.
My diverse background has equipped me with the skills to work with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, disordered eating, life transitions, and multi-cultural/inter-generational issues. With a genuine passion for supporting healing and personal growth, I offer a safe and compassionate space where you can share your story without fear of judgment.
(901) 621-5960 View (901) 621-5960
Photo of Rachael DeSaussure, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Rachael DeSaussure
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
I believe in having an open, safe and trusting therapeutic environment because you deserve support and understanding. Together, we can address traumatic symptoms using up-to-date treatment approaches including EMDR.
I believe in having an open, safe and trusting therapeutic environment because you deserve support and understanding. Together, we can address traumatic symptoms using up-to-date treatment approaches including EMDR.
(901) 460-2513 View (901) 460-2513
Photo of A'nna Khan, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in 38119, TN
A'nna Khan
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA, MFT-I
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
From personal experience, in addition to educational and professional experience, I understand the importance of providing a safe space for clients. It is sometimes hard to find people you can trust with your feelings or thoughts. Perhaps you feel judged or misunderstood. Maybe you have been desperately needing someone to talk to that is open-minded and eager to listen to understand you. Are you involved in an unhealthy relationship? Do you feel ashamed or indifferent about your experience? I am passionate about providing emotional support and shelter you may need, while we work together with concerns you may have.
From personal experience, in addition to educational and professional experience, I understand the importance of providing a safe space for clients. It is sometimes hard to find people you can trust with your feelings or thoughts. Perhaps you feel judged or misunderstood. Maybe you have been desperately needing someone to talk to that is open-minded and eager to listen to understand you. Are you involved in an unhealthy relationship? Do you feel ashamed or indifferent about your experience? I am passionate about providing emotional support and shelter you may need, while we work together with concerns you may have.
(901) 676-7325 View (901) 676-7325
Photo of Jeff Killion, Pre-Licensed Professional in 38119, TN
Jeff Killion
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC, MHSP, (TEMP), NCC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
This is what I believe, love God and love people and people today are indescribably busy. Busy with family, work, social schedules, social media...just keeping up with life and with all that there is little time for the individual who is often left exhausted, feeling lonely, isolated perhaps unseen. To me, loving people means meeting them where they are so they can be seen and heard. Also, I am a retired law enforcement officer of 25 years and as such I understand the unique needs of first responders, and have experience working with emergency services personnel and family members of emergency responders.
This is what I believe, love God and love people and people today are indescribably busy. Busy with family, work, social schedules, social media...just keeping up with life and with all that there is little time for the individual who is often left exhausted, feeling lonely, isolated perhaps unseen. To me, loving people means meeting them where they are so they can be seen and heard. Also, I am a retired law enforcement officer of 25 years and as such I understand the unique needs of first responders, and have experience working with emergency services personnel and family members of emergency responders.
(901) 660-2146 View (901) 660-2146
Photo of Jill Budynas DePriest, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38119, TN
Jill Budynas DePriest
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Not accepting new clients
Today you took the first step in seeking help and that is a brave thing. I am honored to be one of the people you are thinking about. I believe greatly in the whole body and mind approach as well as the whole system approach. Healing is found in many arenas and therapy is a dress rehearsal for life. There a million reasons we need to get support through therapy! Relationship conflict or the end of a relationship, stress from work, anxieties of parenting, adjusting to big life changes like changing jobs or graduating college. Having a place that its all about you can be invaluable.
Today you took the first step in seeking help and that is a brave thing. I am honored to be one of the people you are thinking about. I believe greatly in the whole body and mind approach as well as the whole system approach. Healing is found in many arenas and therapy is a dress rehearsal for life. There a million reasons we need to get support through therapy! Relationship conflict or the end of a relationship, stress from work, anxieties of parenting, adjusting to big life changes like changing jobs or graduating college. Having a place that its all about you can be invaluable.
(901) 621-3590 View (901) 621-3590
Karen Brownd
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP-S, CSAT-S
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
I believe people of all ages experience problematic situations or events that create the "Core Beliefs" we hold deep inside. These beliefs can help you feel more confident in the person you want to be while the negative core beliefs can hold you back from growing and living a happy and satisfying life. Clients I see want to know the why or what happened to me that holds me back from being the "real me". I want to give and receive love. I want to be honest with myself and with the people I love. I want to be heard and not judged. I just want to find happiness, acceptance, and pride in myself versus living in shame, anger and fear.
I believe people of all ages experience problematic situations or events that create the "Core Beliefs" we hold deep inside. These beliefs can help you feel more confident in the person you want to be while the negative core beliefs can hold you back from growing and living a happy and satisfying life. Clients I see want to know the why or what happened to me that holds me back from being the "real me". I want to give and receive love. I want to be honest with myself and with the people I love. I want to be heard and not judged. I just want to find happiness, acceptance, and pride in myself versus living in shame, anger and fear.
(901) 657-1340 View (901) 657-1340

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 38119

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 38119 who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
87% Depression
74% Trauma and PTSD
72% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
67% Coping Skills
63% Stress

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% Cigna and Evernorth
70% Aetna
63% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 38119 see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 38119?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.