Photo of Chantelle Farris Stokes, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 38104, TN
Chantelle Farris Stokes
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADAC 2
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104
"Our Secrets Keep Us Sick". The type of clients I am seeking would be those persons interested in understanding the role of themselves which has lead to unhealthy thinking and behaviors. I believe in honesty and accountability in order to move forward with emotional wellness and stability. We have a journey we must all travel for self love and self care.
"Our Secrets Keep Us Sick". The type of clients I am seeking would be those persons interested in understanding the role of themselves which has lead to unhealthy thinking and behaviors. I believe in honesty and accountability in order to move forward with emotional wellness and stability. We have a journey we must all travel for self love and self care.
(901) 531-9284 View (901) 531-9284
Photo of Holly Wade, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38104, TN
Holly Wade
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CDWF
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Would you like to find a way to recognize the positive things in your life and enjoy them without self doubt and anxiety? Are you in recovery from abuse or another traumatic event? Many people lose hope without realizing there are effective treatments to reduce reactivity and learn to walk through difficult times with grace. All of the Brené Brown, LMSW, PhD treatment models (The Daring Way, Rising Strong and Gifts of Imperfection) help you recognize your authenticity and gain skills to move through life with purpose and grace. EMDR can also help ease past trauma's and allow you to thrive despite difficult past experiences.
Would you like to find a way to recognize the positive things in your life and enjoy them without self doubt and anxiety? Are you in recovery from abuse or another traumatic event? Many people lose hope without realizing there are effective treatments to reduce reactivity and learn to walk through difficult times with grace. All of the Brené Brown, LMSW, PhD treatment models (The Daring Way, Rising Strong and Gifts of Imperfection) help you recognize your authenticity and gain skills to move through life with purpose and grace. EMDR can also help ease past trauma's and allow you to thrive despite difficult past experiences.
(901) 401-9415 View (901) 401-9415
Photo of Gerald Vernell, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Gerald Vernell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104
Has your mate, employer, friend told you to get help? Is it hard for you to express boundaries consistently? Why do you keep choosing the wrong person? My 8 week Wellness program includes a comprehensive personality assessment, a flow chart of your limiting beliefs, and a plan to measure your success. Let's write a new autobiography.
Has your mate, employer, friend told you to get help? Is it hard for you to express boundaries consistently? Why do you keep choosing the wrong person? My 8 week Wellness program includes a comprehensive personality assessment, a flow chart of your limiting beliefs, and a plan to measure your success. Let's write a new autobiography.
(901) 763-8395 View (901) 763-8395
Photo of Our Counseling Services , Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Our Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCS, MHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Dr. Hogan obtained her doctorate from Mississippi College, Fall of 2020. In 2015, she earned her Master’s of Education in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. Renita provides individual therapy as well as clinical supervision in MS. She is licensed in both MS and TN. Her concentration areas include, but are not limited to; Mood disorders, (Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorders and more) Family therapy and Addiction/Dual Diagnoses. Psychotic disorders, concomitant issues, emotional disturbances, etc.
Dr. Hogan obtained her doctorate from Mississippi College, Fall of 2020. In 2015, she earned her Master’s of Education in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. Renita provides individual therapy as well as clinical supervision in MS. She is licensed in both MS and TN. Her concentration areas include, but are not limited to; Mood disorders, (Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorders and more) Family therapy and Addiction/Dual Diagnoses. Psychotic disorders, concomitant issues, emotional disturbances, etc.
(901) 673-9651 View (901) 673-9651
Photo of Feeling Empowered, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38104, TN
Feeling Empowered, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
We all embark on the journey of life at the same starting point. We travel down the road before us, trying to carve out a path that will lead us to the kind of life that will bring us joy. However, there are times when that path leads us off the course of happiness and fulfillment, and into the unexpected. I enjoy working with individuals with traits and tendencies of attachment that manifests by way of questioning self-worth, feeling unworthy of love, fear that healthy relationships cannot exist, obsession with loss and difficulty moving forward, taking on others feelings and beliefs as your own, guilt/shame.
We all embark on the journey of life at the same starting point. We travel down the road before us, trying to carve out a path that will lead us to the kind of life that will bring us joy. However, there are times when that path leads us off the course of happiness and fulfillment, and into the unexpected. I enjoy working with individuals with traits and tendencies of attachment that manifests by way of questioning self-worth, feeling unworthy of love, fear that healthy relationships cannot exist, obsession with loss and difficulty moving forward, taking on others feelings and beliefs as your own, guilt/shame.
(901) 295-6474 View (901) 295-6474
Photo of Ashley Higginbottom, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38104, TN
Ashley Higginbottom
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Reaching out to begin therapy is the first step in your journey to mental wellness and it is something to be acknowledged and appreciated. I strive to provide a safe, nonjudgmental, and unbiased space for clients to explore feelings, vent frustrations, and heal. I enjoy working with clients on making self love a priority, discovering one’s true self, setting boundaries, creating healthy attachments, and forming effective communication skills. I have experience working with clients diagnosed with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and adjustment disorder.
Reaching out to begin therapy is the first step in your journey to mental wellness and it is something to be acknowledged and appreciated. I strive to provide a safe, nonjudgmental, and unbiased space for clients to explore feelings, vent frustrations, and heal. I enjoy working with clients on making self love a priority, discovering one’s true self, setting boundaries, creating healthy attachments, and forming effective communication skills. I have experience working with clients diagnosed with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and adjustment disorder.
(901) 390-5625 View (901) 390-5625
Photo of Jenna Kaufman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Jenna Kaufman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104
My ideal client is ready for a change. They are someone who is looking for support with life stress and anxiety, adjusting to a life transition, feeling stuck, or wanting to grow themself. My client's goals might include learning to better manage stress and anxiety, finding their voice or direction, setting boundaries, growing self-worth, or creating new healthy patterns. They might want help with communication in the workplace and at home. They might want to start thriving in life and relationships and start healing from barriers in the past. I am currently receiving training in Somatic Experiencing (traumahealing.org).
My ideal client is ready for a change. They are someone who is looking for support with life stress and anxiety, adjusting to a life transition, feeling stuck, or wanting to grow themself. My client's goals might include learning to better manage stress and anxiety, finding their voice or direction, setting boundaries, growing self-worth, or creating new healthy patterns. They might want help with communication in the workplace and at home. They might want to start thriving in life and relationships and start healing from barriers in the past. I am currently receiving training in Somatic Experiencing (traumahealing.org).
(901) 617-3804 View (901) 617-3804
Photo of Britany Bolling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Britany Bolling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, NCC, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
I firmly believe that mental health struggles don't define a person indefinitely; rather, they mark a chapter in a larger narrative. The healing process is a testament to the human capacity for change and renewal, emphasizing that mental well-being is a dynamic journey rather than a static state. I work with individuals who are determined to undergo this journey, are ready to take charge of their present, take back their power from the past, and create a future of abundance. I don’t believe in being “stuck” forever. Neither should you. Currently seeing teens 16+ and Adults 18+.
I firmly believe that mental health struggles don't define a person indefinitely; rather, they mark a chapter in a larger narrative. The healing process is a testament to the human capacity for change and renewal, emphasizing that mental well-being is a dynamic journey rather than a static state. I work with individuals who are determined to undergo this journey, are ready to take charge of their present, take back their power from the past, and create a future of abundance. I don’t believe in being “stuck” forever. Neither should you. Currently seeing teens 16+ and Adults 18+.
(901) 350-7054 View (901) 350-7054
Photo of Jennifer Stone, Psychologist in 38104, TN
Jennifer Stone
Psychologist, PhD, MDiv
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104
Not accepting new clients
Closed presently. With a doctorate in clinical psychology and 25+ years experience, I enjoy working with adults (22yrs. & up) & couples. My approach is to help you clarify goals, then work as a team. Whether your goals may be to improve mood, relationships, or behaviors, I will likely show you various pathways to improvement, and then support your choices. (Exceptional Experience/Credentials! - former university professor teaching clinical psychology and psychotherapy to graduate students/practitioners at Mississippi State U.; former Chair of MS state Psychology Board -monitoring statewide...
Closed presently. With a doctorate in clinical psychology and 25+ years experience, I enjoy working with adults (22yrs. & up) & couples. My approach is to help you clarify goals, then work as a team. Whether your goals may be to improve mood, relationships, or behaviors, I will likely show you various pathways to improvement, and then support your choices. (Exceptional Experience/Credentials! - former university professor teaching clinical psychology and psychotherapy to graduate students/practitioners at Mississippi State U.; former Chair of MS state Psychology Board -monitoring statewide...
(901) 254-8936 View (901) 254-8936
Photo of Jane Abraham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38104, TN
Jane Abraham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, LADAC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104
Not accepting new clients
I have been working in the substance use and mental health fields for 36 years. My business, The Healing Arts Research Training Center, LLC (DBA The HART Center), is in Midtown Memphis, TN. As an EMDR practitioner, I specialize in helping folks heal from trauma and using substances to mask their trauma responses. I would genuinely love an opportunity to assist you in discovering trauma that has held you back from finding meaning and purpose in your life. Let us begin your journey toward fulfillment and joy.
I have been working in the substance use and mental health fields for 36 years. My business, The Healing Arts Research Training Center, LLC (DBA The HART Center), is in Midtown Memphis, TN. As an EMDR practitioner, I specialize in helping folks heal from trauma and using substances to mask their trauma responses. I would genuinely love an opportunity to assist you in discovering trauma that has held you back from finding meaning and purpose in your life. Let us begin your journey toward fulfillment and joy.
(901) 657-5216 View (901) 657-5216
Photo of New Avenue Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
New Avenue Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, LMHC-S
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Since 2010, I’ve been a trusted partner for my clients in order to help them achieve healthy and balanced personal lives and relationships. As a Licensed Professional Counselor/Supervisor, I’m deeply committed to being there when you need me most—helping you explore, heal, and move forward into a happy and healthy mindset.
Since 2010, I’ve been a trusted partner for my clients in order to help them achieve healthy and balanced personal lives and relationships. As a Licensed Professional Counselor/Supervisor, I’m deeply committed to being there when you need me most—helping you explore, heal, and move forward into a happy and healthy mindset.
(901) 499-2499 View (901) 499-2499
Photo of Direct Care Counseling, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 38104, TN
Direct Care Counseling, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
If you have located me, it is likely you are facing a life challenge. I understand that finding the right therapist to assist you through this difficult time is very important to you. If you don't have a connection with your therapist, you will not be able to make the progress that you are hoping to achieve. Are you feeling stuck, struggling with stress, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem issues, difficulty coping with grief, contact me for a free consultation. I want to help you navigate these challenges.
If you have located me, it is likely you are facing a life challenge. I understand that finding the right therapist to assist you through this difficult time is very important to you. If you don't have a connection with your therapist, you will not be able to make the progress that you are hoping to achieve. Are you feeling stuck, struggling with stress, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem issues, difficulty coping with grief, contact me for a free consultation. I want to help you navigate these challenges.
(901) 295-0833 View (901) 295-0833
Photo of Rod Spencer, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Rod Spencer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MDiv, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104
I believe in the healing and transformational power of therapy. My work over 40 years with individuals, couples and families has shown that we have the ability to change ourselves, our relationships, our families and the world when we commit to learning and growing. I am open to the uniqueness of each individual without judgment. I have a background in spirituality and offer that as a resource for healing, if wanted and when appropriate. I believe that relationships are challenging and that we can learn skills to improve communication, intimacy, respect and trust with those we love.
I believe in the healing and transformational power of therapy. My work over 40 years with individuals, couples and families has shown that we have the ability to change ourselves, our relationships, our families and the world when we commit to learning and growing. I am open to the uniqueness of each individual without judgment. I have a background in spirituality and offer that as a resource for healing, if wanted and when appropriate. I believe that relationships are challenging and that we can learn skills to improve communication, intimacy, respect and trust with those we love.
(901) 460-2815 View (901) 460-2815
Photo of Ferren Family Counseling LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Ferren Family Counseling LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104
Everyone experiences feelings of anxiety, stress, sadness, and other feelings that are difficult from time to time. When emotional or behavioral problems are disrupting your life, it may be time to reach out for help. At FFC, we offer Individual Therapy, Couples Therapy, Family Therapy, Group Therapy, Telehealth, Consultation, and Community Education as means to help our community "Learn. Heal. Thrive."
Everyone experiences feelings of anxiety, stress, sadness, and other feelings that are difficult from time to time. When emotional or behavioral problems are disrupting your life, it may be time to reach out for help. At FFC, we offer Individual Therapy, Couples Therapy, Family Therapy, Group Therapy, Telehealth, Consultation, and Community Education as means to help our community "Learn. Heal. Thrive."
(901) 410-9194 View (901) 410-9194
Comprehensive Professional Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPCMHSP, LAPSW, LCPT, DBCTS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I have over twenty-five years in the mental health profession. I have worked in a variety of positions providing alcohol and drug counseling, marital and family therapy, individual therapy for children, adolescents and adults. I have been employed with some of the major mental health centers in Memphis and Shelby County such as Northeast Community Mental Health Center, Midtown Mental Health Center and Southwest Mental Health Center. I specialize in working with marital issues, relationships issues, children and adolescents disorders, Trauma issues, occupational problems, and other major life issues.
I have over twenty-five years in the mental health profession. I have worked in a variety of positions providing alcohol and drug counseling, marital and family therapy, individual therapy for children, adolescents and adults. I have been employed with some of the major mental health centers in Memphis and Shelby County such as Northeast Community Mental Health Center, Midtown Mental Health Center and Southwest Mental Health Center. I specialize in working with marital issues, relationships issues, children and adolescents disorders, Trauma issues, occupational problems, and other major life issues.
(901) 403-6750 View (901) 403-6750
Photo of Maria Garcia, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Maria Garcia
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
I have 7 years of experience working with diverse populations, including children, teens, adults, and couples.
I have 7 years of experience working with diverse populations, including children, teens, adults, and couples.
(901) 621-3343 View (901) 621-3343
Photo of Kayla Nichole Drennen-Ferguson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Kayla Nichole Drennen-Ferguson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, RN-BSN, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104
My personal philosophy of healing is not standardized. Growth comes from a place of vulnerability and courage to face difficult truths and clients will learn and grow through a strong and trusting therapeutic relationship. Acceptance of all parts of ourselves is fundamental in therapy and I believe change requires a willingness to transfer negative energy out in order to make room for our ideal selves. The therapeutic process will provide a space for clients to discover their needs and the best way to meet them. My hope is that you gain a difference in perspective that serves you and provides a basis for unconditional acceptance.
My personal philosophy of healing is not standardized. Growth comes from a place of vulnerability and courage to face difficult truths and clients will learn and grow through a strong and trusting therapeutic relationship. Acceptance of all parts of ourselves is fundamental in therapy and I believe change requires a willingness to transfer negative energy out in order to make room for our ideal selves. The therapeutic process will provide a space for clients to discover their needs and the best way to meet them. My hope is that you gain a difference in perspective that serves you and provides a basis for unconditional acceptance.
(901) 295-0927 View (901) 295-0927
Photo of Erin Harrington, Pre-Licensed Professional in 38104, TN
Erin Harrington
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMSW, LSSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
As a mental health professional, I understand that seeking help can be a difficult and vulnerable process. My goal is to create a safe, non-judgmental space where you can openly share your experiences and emotions. I believe in a collaborative approach where we work together to identify your goals and develop a treatment plan that meets your unique needs. My practice is grounded in evidence-based techniques and practices, and I am committed to staying up-to-date with the latest research and developments in the field. My priority is to support your mental health journey and help you achieve long-lasting positive change.
As a mental health professional, I understand that seeking help can be a difficult and vulnerable process. My goal is to create a safe, non-judgmental space where you can openly share your experiences and emotions. I believe in a collaborative approach where we work together to identify your goals and develop a treatment plan that meets your unique needs. My practice is grounded in evidence-based techniques and practices, and I am committed to staying up-to-date with the latest research and developments in the field. My priority is to support your mental health journey and help you achieve long-lasting positive change.
(866) 783-7788 x705 View (866) 783-7788 x705
Photo of Anne Thomas Floyd, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Anne Thomas Floyd
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMFT, LPCMHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life is full of choices and challenges, particularly the challenges in our relationships. It takes courage and support to make the choice to get to a healthier place or to end a toxic relationship. Maybe you've already tried to recover or discover a better version of you, and your best efforts didn't seem to work. What if there is another way...a better way to achieve the life you want?
Life is full of choices and challenges, particularly the challenges in our relationships. It takes courage and support to make the choice to get to a healthier place or to end a toxic relationship. Maybe you've already tried to recover or discover a better version of you, and your best efforts didn't seem to work. What if there is another way...a better way to achieve the life you want?
(901) 441-9852 View (901) 441-9852
Photo of Timothy Terry, Licensed Professional Counselor in 38104, TN
Timothy Terry
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104
The ideal client that would be helped by my services is the person that recognizes that they will no longer accept the reality of defeat, emptiness, hopelessness, pessimism, distrust, depression, or guilt. I use an eclectic approach to therapy intentionally designed to provide the most optimal outcome in those areas of difficulty. I have seen tremendous growth in clients struggling in the areas of grief, depression, anxiety, and borderline disorders. Allow me the opportunity to walk you through the process of revelation and triumph.
The ideal client that would be helped by my services is the person that recognizes that they will no longer accept the reality of defeat, emptiness, hopelessness, pessimism, distrust, depression, or guilt. I use an eclectic approach to therapy intentionally designed to provide the most optimal outcome in those areas of difficulty. I have seen tremendous growth in clients struggling in the areas of grief, depression, anxiety, and borderline disorders. Allow me the opportunity to walk you through the process of revelation and triumph.
(901) 509-9850 View (901) 509-9850

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 38104

90+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 38104 who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
73% Coping Skills
72% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Cigna and Evernorth
65% Aetna
63% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 38104 see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 38104?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.