Therapists in 37921

Photo of Amy L Dilworth, Licensed Professional Counselor in 37921, TN
Amy L Dilworth
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP, AS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
I serve individuals who have encountered trauma in their lives. They typically struggle with getting easily triggered and being in fight, flight or freeze mode a lot of the time. It often feels like anxiety so many of my clients come in saying they suffer with anxiety. Many of my clients also struggle with making decisions.
I serve individuals who have encountered trauma in their lives. They typically struggle with getting easily triggered and being in fight, flight or freeze mode a lot of the time. It often feels like anxiety so many of my clients come in saying they suffer with anxiety. Many of my clients also struggle with making decisions.
(865) 346-6015 View (865) 346-6015
Photo of Carrie Joy Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 37921, TN
Carrie Joy Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
Carrie's background and training is in Integrative Mental Health for Anxiety and Depression, Gender, and Substance Use (both abstinence and moderation goals) Therapy. After a very rewarding and joyful career of raising five children, Carrie discovered her passion for psychology, therapy, and the clients she has been honoured to work with. Nothing is quite as rewarding as watching a client during an "aha" moment or hearing about a particularly difficult challenge successfully overcome. Nothing touches the soul quite as much as someone trusting you with their deepest of pains.
Carrie's background and training is in Integrative Mental Health for Anxiety and Depression, Gender, and Substance Use (both abstinence and moderation goals) Therapy. After a very rewarding and joyful career of raising five children, Carrie discovered her passion for psychology, therapy, and the clients she has been honoured to work with. Nothing is quite as rewarding as watching a client during an "aha" moment or hearing about a particularly difficult challenge successfully overcome. Nothing touches the soul quite as much as someone trusting you with their deepest of pains.
(813) 541-0145 View (813) 541-0145
Photo of Krista Hein Bland, Pre-Licensed Professional in 37921, TN
Krista Hein Bland
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
Currently accepting new clients, no waitlist! My practice is primarily focused on working with couples that are struggling with their relationship and communication. I also work with individuals who are struggling with relationships. In working with couples, I am careful to ensure that everyone in the room with me feels heard. I work with couples dealing with communication issues and trauma, as well as couples who want to deepen their connection. I am also trained in EMDR and aim to treat trauma within both the individual and couple's context.
Currently accepting new clients, no waitlist! My practice is primarily focused on working with couples that are struggling with their relationship and communication. I also work with individuals who are struggling with relationships. In working with couples, I am careful to ensure that everyone in the room with me feels heard. I work with couples dealing with communication issues and trauma, as well as couples who want to deepen their connection. I am also trained in EMDR and aim to treat trauma within both the individual and couple's context.
(865) 328-2106 View (865) 328-2106
Photo of Alicia D Stipes, Pre-Licensed Professional in 37921, TN
Alicia D Stipes
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
Trauma comes in many forms. I believe regardless of what your trauma, it is incredibly important that it be addressed and processed. Like an infection, untreated trauma can fester into depression, anxiety, substance abuse, or a large number of other conditions. Trauma impacts individuals of all ages, genders, and races. I have experience working with a diverse population of clients. I also have experience working with clients who are employed as first responders or healthcare workers as I have been a first responder for many years.
Trauma comes in many forms. I believe regardless of what your trauma, it is incredibly important that it be addressed and processed. Like an infection, untreated trauma can fester into depression, anxiety, substance abuse, or a large number of other conditions. Trauma impacts individuals of all ages, genders, and races. I have experience working with a diverse population of clients. I also have experience working with clients who are employed as first responders or healthcare workers as I have been a first responder for many years.
(865) 321-9425 View (865) 321-9425
Photo of Sarah Hill, Psychologist in 37921, TN
Sarah Hill
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Hi, I'm Sarah! I'm glad you're here. I'm a licensed clinical psychologist with 12+ years of training and experience in the field. I'm able to support folks dealing with a wide range of issues, including trauma, depression and other mood disorders, anxiety, substance use, and problems with relationships. I tailor treatment plans to your specific concerns, and I draw from humanistic, interpersonal, feminist and strengths-based approaches. I work to create an affirming and anti-racist space that feels welcoming and safe for all. My clients have described me as warm, funny, authentic and insightful. I work with adults and have a special
Hi, I'm Sarah! I'm glad you're here. I'm a licensed clinical psychologist with 12+ years of training and experience in the field. I'm able to support folks dealing with a wide range of issues, including trauma, depression and other mood disorders, anxiety, substance use, and problems with relationships. I tailor treatment plans to your specific concerns, and I draw from humanistic, interpersonal, feminist and strengths-based approaches. I work to create an affirming and anti-racist space that feels welcoming and safe for all. My clients have described me as warm, funny, authentic and insightful. I work with adults and have a special
(865) 214-7925 View (865) 214-7925
Photo of Taira Burns, Licensed Professional Counselor in 37921, TN
Taira Burns
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Tennessee. I specialize in working with people pleasing humans who want to break the chains of self-doubt and overthinking. I focus on empowerment through goal-oriented therapy to help my clients better understand how their past has impacted them. I work with my clients to instill hope and empower them to take back control of their lives.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Tennessee. I specialize in working with people pleasing humans who want to break the chains of self-doubt and overthinking. I focus on empowerment through goal-oriented therapy to help my clients better understand how their past has impacted them. I work with my clients to instill hope and empower them to take back control of their lives.
(423) 380-0403 View (423) 380-0403
Photo of Holly Christianson, Licensed Master Social Worker in 37921, TN
Holly Christianson
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
As a therapist with a passion for attachment, child development and family support, I understand the importance of early interventions and nurturing connections within the family. My child-centered, play-based approach is grounded in evidence-based techniques tailored to meet the unique needs of your family. Whether you're experiencing challenges related to behavior, emotional regulation, parent-child interactions or trauma, I'm here to provide guidance and support every step of the way.
As a therapist with a passion for attachment, child development and family support, I understand the importance of early interventions and nurturing connections within the family. My child-centered, play-based approach is grounded in evidence-based techniques tailored to meet the unique needs of your family. Whether you're experiencing challenges related to behavior, emotional regulation, parent-child interactions or trauma, I'm here to provide guidance and support every step of the way.
(865) 351-2948 View (865) 351-2948
Photo of Jamie Suarez, Counselor in 37921, TN
Jamie Suarez
Counselor, LPC, MHSP, MS, CSAT-C, C-DBT
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
If you find yourself encountering emotional problems, engaging in addictive behaviors, or experiencing relational problems, I am here to help! Below is a checklist of specific issues you may have which I am qualified to work with and have significant training & experience in working with. I am also a Certified Sex Addiction Therapist Candidate who works with those struggling with problematic sexual behavior and pornography, but I am well suited to work with people on many other issues as well. You can visit my website and click on the client portal link to schedule an appointment today!
If you find yourself encountering emotional problems, engaging in addictive behaviors, or experiencing relational problems, I am here to help! Below is a checklist of specific issues you may have which I am qualified to work with and have significant training & experience in working with. I am also a Certified Sex Addiction Therapist Candidate who works with those struggling with problematic sexual behavior and pornography, but I am well suited to work with people on many other issues as well. You can visit my website and click on the client portal link to schedule an appointment today!
(865) 407-2281 View (865) 407-2281
Photo of Brandy Hall, Licensed Professional Counselor in 37921, TN
Brandy Hall
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP-AS, NCC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
Not accepting new clients
What keeps you up at night? Feeling overwhelmed? Problems with relationships? Anxiety? No matter what you are struggling with, no matter what worries you, you do not have to go through this alone. A lot of therapists focus solely on identifying people's weaknesses. I will help you build up your weak areas, but I will also help you identify & develop your strengths so that rather than just getting by, you can really thrive. I specialize in working with anxiety-related issues: panic attacks, OCD, phobias, skin-picking & hair-pulling, perfectionism, etc.
What keeps you up at night? Feeling overwhelmed? Problems with relationships? Anxiety? No matter what you are struggling with, no matter what worries you, you do not have to go through this alone. A lot of therapists focus solely on identifying people's weaknesses. I will help you build up your weak areas, but I will also help you identify & develop your strengths so that rather than just getting by, you can really thrive. I specialize in working with anxiety-related issues: panic attacks, OCD, phobias, skin-picking & hair-pulling, perfectionism, etc.
(865) 945-0985 View (865) 945-0985
Photo of Joyce M Cartor, Psychologist in 37921, TN
Joyce M Cartor
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
Psychotherapy is a collaborative process; the therapist must be serious and respectful and possess a solid reservoir of knowledge about the human condition. The therapy-seeker must, in addition to wanting symptom relief, bring to the process his or her curiosity and some desire for increased self awareness. People come to psychotherapy in emotional turmoil and/or pain. While this is usually the first focus, quickly it will become important to try to understand one's personality style, one's relationship patterns and the roots of these patterns, one's thinking style and the characteristic way one goes about managing, deflecting or enacting emotional storms.
Psychotherapy is a collaborative process; the therapist must be serious and respectful and possess a solid reservoir of knowledge about the human condition. The therapy-seeker must, in addition to wanting symptom relief, bring to the process his or her curiosity and some desire for increased self awareness. People come to psychotherapy in emotional turmoil and/or pain. While this is usually the first focus, quickly it will become important to try to understand one's personality style, one's relationship patterns and the roots of these patterns, one's thinking style and the characteristic way one goes about managing, deflecting or enacting emotional storms.
(865) 584-7470 View (865) 584-7470
Photo of Stacy P Park, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Stacy P Park
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921  (Online Only)
I find it a true honor to have had the opportunity to work for over 30 years with individuals and families in varying levels of distress (inpatient, crisis work, outpatient). I believe that it takes courage to face change and look forward to meeting you and to committing to joining you on your journey. To share my style of compassion and positivity, I take a "glass half full" view of life and pledge to help guide others toward finding their "real truth".
I find it a true honor to have had the opportunity to work for over 30 years with individuals and families in varying levels of distress (inpatient, crisis work, outpatient). I believe that it takes courage to face change and look forward to meeting you and to committing to joining you on your journey. To share my style of compassion and positivity, I take a "glass half full" view of life and pledge to help guide others toward finding their "real truth".
View
Photo of Melissa Cohen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Melissa Cohen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921  (Online Only)
With over 25 years of experience working with individuals, couples, and families of all ages, I offer a nonjudgmental space for growth and healing. My specialties include eating disorders, body image, trauma, anxiety, depression, life transitions (college, divorce, LGBTQ+), and parent/child relationships. I use different therapy approaches such as Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT), mindfulness, compassion, as well as a non-traditional therapy called Acceptance and Integration Training (AAIT is trademarked and founded by Melanie McGhee, LCSW.).
With over 25 years of experience working with individuals, couples, and families of all ages, I offer a nonjudgmental space for growth and healing. My specialties include eating disorders, body image, trauma, anxiety, depression, life transitions (college, divorce, LGBTQ+), and parent/child relationships. I use different therapy approaches such as Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT), mindfulness, compassion, as well as a non-traditional therapy called Acceptance and Integration Training (AAIT is trademarked and founded by Melanie McGhee, LCSW.).
(865) 551-6152 View (865) 551-6152
Photo of Meirav Matityahou, Licensed Professional Counselor in 37921, TN
Meirav Matityahou
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
We all differ in meaningful ways, and therefore, therapy is different with each person. With careful, non-judgmental, and respectful listening, I hope you will feel deeply understood and hopeful, and we will be able to work together in a genuine, collaborative way. I work with adults with different difficulties and emotional struggles like depression, anxiety, trauma, identity, relationship issues, LGBT, cancer, life transitions and losses. Being of an international background and past military service, I value diversity and am deeply attuned to your unique background (cultural, ethnic, gender, sexual orientation) and its effect on your individuality.
We all differ in meaningful ways, and therefore, therapy is different with each person. With careful, non-judgmental, and respectful listening, I hope you will feel deeply understood and hopeful, and we will be able to work together in a genuine, collaborative way. I work with adults with different difficulties and emotional struggles like depression, anxiety, trauma, identity, relationship issues, LGBT, cancer, life transitions and losses. Being of an international background and past military service, I value diversity and am deeply attuned to your unique background (cultural, ethnic, gender, sexual orientation) and its effect on your individuality.
(865) 622-9450 View (865) 622-9450
Photo of Robert Gregory, Counselor in 37921, TN
Robert Gregory
Counselor, LPC, MHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
I am an independent and board certified provider of counseling services. I have worked in mental health since 1997 and received his Masters of Mental Health Counseling from the University of Tennessee in 2000. Prior to my time in private practice I was fortunate to work with a diverse population facing a broad spectrum of clinical issues in the community and area mental health centers. I have done extensive work as a counselor with children and families. I enjoy assisting children, couples, and families find success within themselves while facing mental health issues.
I am an independent and board certified provider of counseling services. I have worked in mental health since 1997 and received his Masters of Mental Health Counseling from the University of Tennessee in 2000. Prior to my time in private practice I was fortunate to work with a diverse population facing a broad spectrum of clinical issues in the community and area mental health centers. I have done extensive work as a counselor with children and families. I enjoy assisting children, couples, and families find success within themselves while facing mental health issues.
(865) 366-4818 View (865) 366-4818
Photo of Hanley T. Roach, Marriage & Family Therapist in 37921, TN
Hanley T. Roach
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
I have the schooling and credentialing required to be a good therapist. More importantly I have been married for 37 years and raised three children. I understand how difficult it is to make marriage work. Through supportive friends, involvement in my church community and a life-time of raising a family I have gained wisdom helpful in addressing relationship problems. I have treated people with depression, anxiety, grief, loss, couples struggling to hold their marriage together. When appropriate I integrate a Christian perspective into counseling. I believe that understanding hidden emotions helps couples care for each other. I work at listening and developing solutions.
I have the schooling and credentialing required to be a good therapist. More importantly I have been married for 37 years and raised three children. I understand how difficult it is to make marriage work. Through supportive friends, involvement in my church community and a life-time of raising a family I have gained wisdom helpful in addressing relationship problems. I have treated people with depression, anxiety, grief, loss, couples struggling to hold their marriage together. When appropriate I integrate a Christian perspective into counseling. I believe that understanding hidden emotions helps couples care for each other. I work at listening and developing solutions.
(865) 276-7017 View (865) 276-7017
Photo of Carrie Fair, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Carrie Fair
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
Many of us are private people, who could use a little extra support and direction to overcome life's challenges. Acceptance and Confidentiality are two important aspects of Fairhaven Counseling & Consulting. Throughout my career I have learned that clients progress most effectively with an honest, non-judgmental, compassionate, but direct approach. I love watching clients rediscover their inner strength and begin to experience the joys life has to offer. I offer both personal & professional perspectives to overcoming trauma and rebuilding a life worth living.
Many of us are private people, who could use a little extra support and direction to overcome life's challenges. Acceptance and Confidentiality are two important aspects of Fairhaven Counseling & Consulting. Throughout my career I have learned that clients progress most effectively with an honest, non-judgmental, compassionate, but direct approach. I love watching clients rediscover their inner strength and begin to experience the joys life has to offer. I offer both personal & professional perspectives to overcoming trauma and rebuilding a life worth living.
(865) 408-7198 View (865) 408-7198
Photo of Melanie S Norton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Melanie S Norton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
I began my career working in inpatient substance abuse facilities attached to hospitals. I am well-versed in groups for addiction and prefer individual counseling for issues in later recovery or dual diagnosis. I see adults and motivated adolescents in my practice. Both men and women are welcome as are couples and families. Other specialty areas are sexual abuse and mood disorders.
I began my career working in inpatient substance abuse facilities attached to hospitals. I am well-versed in groups for addiction and prefer individual counseling for issues in later recovery or dual diagnosis. I see adults and motivated adolescents in my practice. Both men and women are welcome as are couples and families. Other specialty areas are sexual abuse and mood disorders.
(865) 409-0837 View (865) 409-0837
Photo of Patty Warner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Patty Warner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37921
I was born and raised in Knoxville, TN. I did my training in Houston, Texas, where I lived for 24 years. I've been in practice for over 15 years. I am a strong Christian. But I only do Christian counseling when asked to do so. I am very LGBT friendly. I believe everybody deserves dignity and respect. We could all use a little help sometimes. I work best with people who are open to feedback and able to discuss concerns without judgment or reserve.
I was born and raised in Knoxville, TN. I did my training in Houston, Texas, where I lived for 24 years. I've been in practice for over 15 years. I am a strong Christian. But I only do Christian counseling when asked to do so. I am very LGBT friendly. I believe everybody deserves dignity and respect. We could all use a little help sometimes. I work best with people who are open to feedback and able to discuss concerns without judgment or reserve.
(865) 320-0513 View (865) 320-0513
Photo of Steve Brown, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Steve Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
I enjoy working with children, adolescents, and adults in individual, couples, family and group therapy. I work with most private and group insurance plans as well employee assistance programs and private paying individuals. I recieved a Masters of Social Work degree from the University of Tennessee in 1996 and the Licensed Clinical Social Work certification in 1999. I have been an adjunct instructor for the masters program at the UT College of Social Work, having taught courses in family therapy, group therapy, clinical social work with children and adolescents, and foundation courses.
I enjoy working with children, adolescents, and adults in individual, couples, family and group therapy. I work with most private and group insurance plans as well employee assistance programs and private paying individuals. I recieved a Masters of Social Work degree from the University of Tennessee in 1996 and the Licensed Clinical Social Work certification in 1999. I have been an adjunct instructor for the masters program at the UT College of Social Work, having taught courses in family therapy, group therapy, clinical social work with children and adolescents, and foundation courses.
(865) 630-4218 View (865) 630-4218
Photo of Dona E Diftler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 37921, TN
Dona E Diftler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CEAP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37921
All of life is about relating. All day long we are in some kind of relationship with another person. How comfortable and how capable are you in communicating your needs and desires? Do you feel understood by your partner? Are you feeling stressed or directionless in your relationship, your career, your life purpose? Have you suffered a loss and are grieving? Do you have a Inner Critic that is always whispering in your ear critiquing your every move? If you would like non-judgmental support, practical tools and straightforward feedback, please call.
All of life is about relating. All day long we are in some kind of relationship with another person. How comfortable and how capable are you in communicating your needs and desires? Do you feel understood by your partner? Are you feeling stressed or directionless in your relationship, your career, your life purpose? Have you suffered a loss and are grieving? Do you have a Inner Critic that is always whispering in your ear critiquing your every move? If you would like non-judgmental support, practical tools and straightforward feedback, please call.
(865) 551-9271 View (865) 551-9271

See more therapy options for 37921

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 37921

50+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in 37921 who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
88% Anxiety
71% Grief
66% Trauma and PTSD
59% Relationship Issues
56% Life Transitions
53% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
74% Optum

How Therapists in 37921 see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 37921?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.