Photo of Charles Woody Howard, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Charles Woody Howard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
Are you struggling with self-confidence? Feeling anxious or depressed? Having difficulty coping with a life transition; relationship strain, or loss of a loved one? Want to get to know yourself better? Not happy with the way things are going? Not sure what to do? Do you need a safe place to talk about what's going on in your life? Need some practical solutions? My goal is to create a comfortable, non-judgmental environment so that I can assist you in getting back on track, or defining a new road altogether.
Are you struggling with self-confidence? Feeling anxious or depressed? Having difficulty coping with a life transition; relationship strain, or loss of a loved one? Want to get to know yourself better? Not happy with the way things are going? Not sure what to do? Do you need a safe place to talk about what's going on in your life? Need some practical solutions? My goal is to create a comfortable, non-judgmental environment so that I can assist you in getting back on track, or defining a new road altogether.
(205) 538-3099 View (205) 538-3099
Photo of undefined - Delia Lewis Counseling, MA, ALC, Counselor
Delia Lewis Counseling
Counselor, MA, ALC
Verified Verified
I work with individual clients (in-person or via telehealth) to support the maintenance of mental health and life balance. Some common issues we might approach are anxiety, depression, life transitions, difficulty adjusting to changes, self-esteem, and stress. I counsel adults of various ages and have extensive experience with late-teens/young adults/college age individuals. I also welcome: LGBTQIA+ clients, women dealing with reproductive health issues, and individuals focusing on the relationship between their physical and mental health.
I work with individual clients (in-person or via telehealth) to support the maintenance of mental health and life balance. Some common issues we might approach are anxiety, depression, life transitions, difficulty adjusting to changes, self-esteem, and stress. I counsel adults of various ages and have extensive experience with late-teens/young adults/college age individuals. I also welcome: LGBTQIA+ clients, women dealing with reproductive health issues, and individuals focusing on the relationship between their physical and mental health.
(205) 883-9746 View (205) 883-9746
Photo of Lynne Burton Clifton, LICSW, PIP, CGT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lynne Burton Clifton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PIP, CGT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Waitlist for new clients
I am a LICSW specializing in Individual and Couples therapy. I am a Certified Gottman Therapist (CGT), A Bringing Baby Home Educator with additional training in Emotion Coaching through the Gottman Institute. I am also a Prepare/Enrich Facilitator for engaged couples & married couples. I have lived & worked in several states across the country which, I believe, gives me a more global perspective on issues that we all face from time to time. And with over 20 years experience as a psychotherapist, I am experienced in a broad range of issues; and approach each client with warmth, acceptance and a sense of humor.
I am a LICSW specializing in Individual and Couples therapy. I am a Certified Gottman Therapist (CGT), A Bringing Baby Home Educator with additional training in Emotion Coaching through the Gottman Institute. I am also a Prepare/Enrich Facilitator for engaged couples & married couples. I have lived & worked in several states across the country which, I believe, gives me a more global perspective on issues that we all face from time to time. And with over 20 years experience as a psychotherapist, I am experienced in a broad range of issues; and approach each client with warmth, acceptance and a sense of humor.
(205) 619-0312 View (205) 619-0312
Photo of Adam Corley Elliott, ALC, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Adam Corley Elliott
Pre-Licensed Professional, ALC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
One of the first things I tell clients who struggle with mental health disorders or overwhelming stress is that in today's society, with all the turmoil and uncertainty we face, it is a natural and normal reaction to be struggling mentally. While there is still a large stigma towards mental health and therapy I believe a great way to combat this is by understanding that it is not weakness to seek help, it in fact takes great strength to reach out to someone and admit that we cannot do this on our own.
One of the first things I tell clients who struggle with mental health disorders or overwhelming stress is that in today's society, with all the turmoil and uncertainty we face, it is a natural and normal reaction to be struggling mentally. While there is still a large stigma towards mental health and therapy I believe a great way to combat this is by understanding that it is not weakness to seek help, it in fact takes great strength to reach out to someone and admit that we cannot do this on our own.
(205) 236-3257 View (205) 236-3257
Photo of David Goldberg, PsyD, Psychologist
David Goldberg
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
Waitlist for new clients
Individuals are often unaware of the many factors that determine their emotions and behavior. My approach fosters self awareness. By better understanding their perceptions about themselves and others, as well as how important experiences have influenced them, clients can change the way they see themselves and the world. They can make informed choices about the way they conduct their present and future lives. My approach is especially suited to getting to the root of long term problems and patterns. The benefits of this approach can be the following:
Individuals are often unaware of the many factors that determine their emotions and behavior. My approach fosters self awareness. By better understanding their perceptions about themselves and others, as well as how important experiences have influenced them, clients can change the way they see themselves and the world. They can make informed choices about the way they conduct their present and future lives. My approach is especially suited to getting to the root of long term problems and patterns. The benefits of this approach can be the following:
(205) 282-9166 View (205) 282-9166
Photo of Lauren Kasi Freeman, MEd, LPC-S, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lauren Kasi Freeman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC-S, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
It's an honor to be a counselor and help others find their way in this world. I'm passionate about working with children, teenagers, young adults, and new mothers. I have experience working with all types of traumas and abuses, PTSD, foster care/adoption, divorce issues, behavioral issues, peer relationships, and Per/Postpartum Mood and Anxiety Disorders. If you're going through a hard time or know someone who is and could benefit from counseling, please call me today. Also, we love and need our pets. If you need a mental health professional to evaluate and send a letter of certification for your emotional support animal, call.
It's an honor to be a counselor and help others find their way in this world. I'm passionate about working with children, teenagers, young adults, and new mothers. I have experience working with all types of traumas and abuses, PTSD, foster care/adoption, divorce issues, behavioral issues, peer relationships, and Per/Postpartum Mood and Anxiety Disorders. If you're going through a hard time or know someone who is and could benefit from counseling, please call me today. Also, we love and need our pets. If you need a mental health professional to evaluate and send a letter of certification for your emotional support animal, call.
(256) 804-0641 View (256) 804-0641
Photo of Emily Sanderson, MEd, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Emily Sanderson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223
Not accepting new clients
Emily is a licensed professional counselor. She is also a registered play therapist. Emily enjoys working with individuals, families, and children. She finds the variety in clients challenging and enjoyable. One hour might be play therapy, while the next is an adult. Most clients come to counseling to heal, gain hope, and move forward. She often utilizes TBRI, EMDR, Theraplay, and DDP into her work.
Emily is a licensed professional counselor. She is also a registered play therapist. Emily enjoys working with individuals, families, and children. She finds the variety in clients challenging and enjoyable. One hour might be play therapy, while the next is an adult. Most clients come to counseling to heal, gain hope, and move forward. She often utilizes TBRI, EMDR, Theraplay, and DDP into her work.
(205) 696-9152 View (205) 696-9152
Photo of Lucy Graves Hollis, MEd, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lucy Graves Hollis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Counseling is much more than problem solving. It's an opportunity to acknowledge your strengths and build on them to help prepare for life's challenges, big and small. I believe that first and foremost, successful counseling is built on trust and connection. Many people who struggle are reluctant to reach out. If you are seeking help you've taken an important first step.
Counseling is much more than problem solving. It's an opportunity to acknowledge your strengths and build on them to help prepare for life's challenges, big and small. I believe that first and foremost, successful counseling is built on trust and connection. Many people who struggle are reluctant to reach out. If you are seeking help you've taken an important first step.
(205) 289-1037 View (205) 289-1037
Photo of undefined - Grace Counseling Service, LPC, MA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Grace Counseling Service
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223
Almost everyone finds a time in life where their issues are having a negative impact on their lives and their relationships. As a counselor my goal is to meet my clients where they are without judgement and to achieve their life goals. I work with both individuals and families as well as marriages. If you are struggling and dealing with frustration and despair there is help and hope and you do not have to deal with these issues alone. At Grace Counseling we have not only clinical experience but I understand because I have been there.
Almost everyone finds a time in life where their issues are having a negative impact on their lives and their relationships. As a counselor my goal is to meet my clients where they are without judgement and to achieve their life goals. I work with both individuals and families as well as marriages. If you are struggling and dealing with frustration and despair there is help and hope and you do not have to deal with these issues alone. At Grace Counseling we have not only clinical experience but I understand because I have been there.
(205) 910-4573 View (205) 910-4573
Photo of undefined - Joanna Ware Counseling, LLC, LMFT, LPC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joanna Ware Counseling, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
I believe that from the day we are born, to the day we die, we come to know ourselves in and through our most intimate relationships. Hopefully these relationships are life giving, whether they are with our parents, our siblings or our significant partners. However, when we have to struggle to find support and comfort from our loved ones, life can become frustrating and hopeless. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, a Licensed Professional Counselor, and a Certified PBSP Certified Therapist, I am trained to offer my clients the most comprehensive counseling practice available to help them improve their most intimate relationships.
I believe that from the day we are born, to the day we die, we come to know ourselves in and through our most intimate relationships. Hopefully these relationships are life giving, whether they are with our parents, our siblings or our significant partners. However, when we have to struggle to find support and comfort from our loved ones, life can become frustrating and hopeless. As a Marriage and Family Therapist, a Licensed Professional Counselor, and a Certified PBSP Certified Therapist, I am trained to offer my clients the most comprehensive counseling practice available to help them improve their most intimate relationships.
(205) 683-4074 View (205) 683-4074
Photo of Alison Creighton Johnson, M Ed, ALC, Counselor
Alison Creighton Johnson
Counselor, M Ed, ALC
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223
Waitlist for new clients
Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, loss, questions of purpose, life transitions or familial and relational concerns, know that I will meet you where you are today. As a counselor, I work to create a safe space for you, explore the mysteries of life, heal and grow into becoming who you were created to be. I value integrating emotional, mental, physical, and spiritual exploration in the counseling process creatively. You are here for a reason and you are here for a purpose. It is worth navigating what an abundant life could look like.
Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, loss, questions of purpose, life transitions or familial and relational concerns, know that I will meet you where you are today. As a counselor, I work to create a safe space for you, explore the mysteries of life, heal and grow into becoming who you were created to be. I value integrating emotional, mental, physical, and spiritual exploration in the counseling process creatively. You are here for a reason and you are here for a purpose. It is worth navigating what an abundant life could look like.
(205) 927-6407 View (205) 927-6407
Photo of Lee Hotze, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lee Hotze
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223  (Online Only)
Lee is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 9 years of experience in the mental health profession. She is passionate about helping those seeking to enter counseling to create change with the goal of positive outcomes. Lee specializes in treating adults and seniors who are seeking help with concerns or conditions related to anxiety, behavioral issues, career-related issues, poor coping skills, family conflict, stress, parenting, relationship issues, academic issues, low self-esteem, and more. Lee completed her Master's in Counseling and Psychology from Troy University.
Lee is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 9 years of experience in the mental health profession. She is passionate about helping those seeking to enter counseling to create change with the goal of positive outcomes. Lee specializes in treating adults and seniors who are seeking help with concerns or conditions related to anxiety, behavioral issues, career-related issues, poor coping skills, family conflict, stress, parenting, relationship issues, academic issues, low self-esteem, and more. Lee completed her Master's in Counseling and Psychology from Troy University.
(205) 293-3201 View (205) 293-3201
Photo of Beverly Ward - Still Waters Counseling Center, MA, EdS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Beverly Ward - Still Waters Counseling Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS, LPC
Verified Verified
Hi, I'm Beverly. I’m glad that you've made your way to this page in your search for solutions. I know that God has them for you and that you're not alone. Life’s problems, including mental health issues, are real, common, and treatable. Recovery is possible. In therapy with me, every single part of you is welcome. Our therapy sessions are a place for you to lay your burdens down and be refreshed and renewed. It's likely we will laugh a lot, and we may also cry. Each of us is different and multifaceted. I'm interested in seeing the real you shine and in helping you see it too.
Hi, I'm Beverly. I’m glad that you've made your way to this page in your search for solutions. I know that God has them for you and that you're not alone. Life’s problems, including mental health issues, are real, common, and treatable. Recovery is possible. In therapy with me, every single part of you is welcome. Our therapy sessions are a place for you to lay your burdens down and be refreshed and renewed. It's likely we will laugh a lot, and we may also cry. Each of us is different and multifaceted. I'm interested in seeing the real you shine and in helping you see it too.
(205) 632-0861 View (205) 632-0861
Photo of undefined - Andrea N Hendricks PhD LLC, PhD, Psychologist
Andrea N Hendricks PhD LLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I work with individuals who want to talk to someone in a safe, confidential, encouraging setting. I see adults, adolescents, and couples working through a wide range of issues. Specifically, I see individuals who are dealing with depression, anxiety, eating disorders, obsessive compulsive issues, pain management, or weight management. A lot of my clients are dealing with life transitions and many are needing to make major life decisions. I also work with those who have typical life stressors in work, school, or home and find it extremely helpful to use therapy as a way to maintain positive mental health.
I work with individuals who want to talk to someone in a safe, confidential, encouraging setting. I see adults, adolescents, and couples working through a wide range of issues. Specifically, I see individuals who are dealing with depression, anxiety, eating disorders, obsessive compulsive issues, pain management, or weight management. A lot of my clients are dealing with life transitions and many are needing to make major life decisions. I also work with those who have typical life stressors in work, school, or home and find it extremely helpful to use therapy as a way to maintain positive mental health.
(205) 523-8511 View (205) 523-8511
Photo of Nathan Glaze, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nathan Glaze
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
Now accepting new clients. I strive to create a comfortable space, working with my clients to help them make positive changes. I respect the individuality of each person and the uniqueness of your life experiences and personal struggles. I am affirming of all sexualities and gender identities. It is my belief that you do not have to face your struggles alone. My counseling experience includes working with concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, addiction, sexuality and gender, trauma, relationships, and life transitions.
Now accepting new clients. I strive to create a comfortable space, working with my clients to help them make positive changes. I respect the individuality of each person and the uniqueness of your life experiences and personal struggles. I am affirming of all sexualities and gender identities. It is my belief that you do not have to face your struggles alone. My counseling experience includes working with concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, addiction, sexuality and gender, trauma, relationships, and life transitions.
(205) 947-2505 View (205) 947-2505
Photo of Dan Sullivan, PsyD, Psychologist
Dan Sullivan
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
I work with clients who feel disconnected from others, themselves or life. I specialize in helping people with anxiety, including anxiety caused by trauma, whether it happened recently, in your far past, or both. Psychotherapy starts with the personal connection, so the first step is finding the therapist that is right for you. Once that is achieved, therapy can become a collaborative effort of determining goals, obstacles to reaching those goals, and the best paths forward. Ultimately, finding a therapist that you connect with is the biggest predictor of growth in therapy.
I work with clients who feel disconnected from others, themselves or life. I specialize in helping people with anxiety, including anxiety caused by trauma, whether it happened recently, in your far past, or both. Psychotherapy starts with the personal connection, so the first step is finding the therapist that is right for you. Once that is achieved, therapy can become a collaborative effort of determining goals, obstacles to reaching those goals, and the best paths forward. Ultimately, finding a therapist that you connect with is the biggest predictor of growth in therapy.
(205) 619-8312 View (205) 619-8312
Photo of Nathan Wert, Pre-Licensed Professional
Nathan Wert
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223
My goal is to create a safe and supportive space for clients to explore and process through their stories in the counseling relationship. I believe it is a great honor to be able to walk alongside clients during their counseling journey.
My goal is to create a safe and supportive space for clients to explore and process through their stories in the counseling relationship. I believe it is a great honor to be able to walk alongside clients during their counseling journey.
(205) 754-8332 View (205) 754-8332
Photo of Margaret Byars, ALC, MA, NCC, Counselor
Margaret Byars
Counselor, ALC, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
I utilize different approaches to help clients achieve self growth and to build better relationships. I provide a safe space for clients to explore their inner world to accomplish high self worth, competent boundaries, secure attachments, and individual purpose. I explore spiritual, mental, emotional and family dynamics with my clients to get to the root of any life stressors. I hope for my clients to experience inner peace and clarity after each session as they continue towards a journey of self-awareness. Practical and existential practices are utilized to bring about confidence and high self-esteem to achieve the client's goals.
I utilize different approaches to help clients achieve self growth and to build better relationships. I provide a safe space for clients to explore their inner world to accomplish high self worth, competent boundaries, secure attachments, and individual purpose. I explore spiritual, mental, emotional and family dynamics with my clients to get to the root of any life stressors. I hope for my clients to experience inner peace and clarity after each session as they continue towards a journey of self-awareness. Practical and existential practices are utilized to bring about confidence and high self-esteem to achieve the client's goals.
(251) 325-3181 View (251) 325-3181
Photo of Brandy Smith, PhD, Psychologist
Brandy Smith
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Birmingham, AL 35223  (Online Only)
Brandy Smith is a Licensed Psychologist in the state of Alabama with 13+ years post-doctoral experience. She was trained as a generalist and earned her Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from University of Memphis. Brandy works with adults and approaches clinical work collaboratively: meeting clients where they are and working together to reach their goals. She is well-trained to address diversity broadly defined, especially with concerns related to gender, sexual orientation, and race.
Brandy Smith is a Licensed Psychologist in the state of Alabama with 13+ years post-doctoral experience. She was trained as a generalist and earned her Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from University of Memphis. Brandy works with adults and approaches clinical work collaboratively: meeting clients where they are and working together to reach their goals. She is well-trained to address diversity broadly defined, especially with concerns related to gender, sexual orientation, and race.
(205) 974-0619 View (205) 974-0619
Photo of Laura Luckie Finch, LPC, MA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Laura Luckie Finch
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Birmingham, AL 35223
Are you a mom or a wife or a professional who is frustrated trying to make everyone else happy and mad it isn't working? I can help with learning to take ownership of negative beliefs, and accepting what you can't control, and how to have peace and be okay with that. Are you tired of hurting? Taking the first step is the hardest; you already made it by reaching out. You don't have to stay stuck or continue to struggle. Call for an appointment! Online counseling available for clients throughout the states of Alabama and Tennessee!
Are you a mom or a wife or a professional who is frustrated trying to make everyone else happy and mad it isn't working? I can help with learning to take ownership of negative beliefs, and accepting what you can't control, and how to have peace and be okay with that. Are you tired of hurting? Taking the first step is the hardest; you already made it by reaching out. You don't have to stay stuck or continue to struggle. Call for an appointment! Online counseling available for clients throughout the states of Alabama and Tennessee!
(205) 512-3203 View (205) 512-3203

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 35223

100+

Average cost per session

$145

Therapists in 35223 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
75% Coping Skills
75% Stress
73% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% BlueCross and BlueShield
40% New Directions | Lucet
38% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 35223 see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
25% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 35223?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.