Photo of Nikki O'Dell, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nikki O'Dell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
I began my career as a therapist 20 years ago working with women, adolescents, children and families. I'm passionate about seeing my clients thrive in their lives and relationships. I'm inspired by the resiliency of people and love watching them grow in their ability to better handle their circumstances. I work hard to create a warm, comfortable environment for you to explore your experiences, change your current situation and build the life you want. I am focused on giving each client practical tools they can use in their every day life.
I began my career as a therapist 20 years ago working with women, adolescents, children and families. I'm passionate about seeing my clients thrive in their lives and relationships. I'm inspired by the resiliency of people and love watching them grow in their ability to better handle their circumstances. I work hard to create a warm, comfortable environment for you to explore your experiences, change your current situation and build the life you want. I am focused on giving each client practical tools they can use in their every day life.
(618) 205-6660 View (618) 205-6660
Photo of undefined - Noonday, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Noonday
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
Noonday Therapeutic Center is a leading Christian counseling clinic with a strong emphasis on neuroscience and trauma-informed care across all age groups.
Noonday Therapeutic Center is a leading Christian counseling clinic with a strong emphasis on neuroscience and trauma-informed care across all age groups.
(205) 588-6527 View (205) 588-6527
Photo of Kelsey Horton, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kelsey Horton
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
I work primarily with children & adolescents of all ages & their families but also have experience working with individuals & couples from diverse backgrounds & alternative lifestyles. I have worked with clients through various aspects of their life including anxiety, depression, trauma, coping with special needs, social skills, behavioral or relationship issues & life or familial transitions such as divorce, adoption & blended families.
I work primarily with children & adolescents of all ages & their families but also have experience working with individuals & couples from diverse backgrounds & alternative lifestyles. I have worked with clients through various aspects of their life including anxiety, depression, trauma, coping with special needs, social skills, behavioral or relationship issues & life or familial transitions such as divorce, adoption & blended families.
(205) 570-9689 View (205) 570-9689
Photo of Reagan Phillips, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Reagan Phillips
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
Reagan founded Noonday Therapeutic Center which is a leading Christian counseling clinic with a strong emphasis on neuroscience and trauma-informed care across all age groups. She specializes in neurofeedback, EMDR therapy and sports mental training for peak performance.
Reagan founded Noonday Therapeutic Center which is a leading Christian counseling clinic with a strong emphasis on neuroscience and trauma-informed care across all age groups. She specializes in neurofeedback, EMDR therapy and sports mental training for peak performance.
(205) 588-6527 View (205) 588-6527
Photo of Samuel Jones, LMFT, MS, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Samuel Jones
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Not accepting new clients
I understand that it's hard to seek out help. You've been struggling for a long time. What are you going through? Is it problems in your relationships, or issues from your past, or is it something that you don't quite understand. If your life isn't working and things are continuing to be a challenge for you, it is time to get help. All of us face difficulties at some point in our lives, whether it be difficult relationships, loss of love one, anger, depression, adjusting to change, or negative thought patterns; therapy can make a difference.
I understand that it's hard to seek out help. You've been struggling for a long time. What are you going through? Is it problems in your relationships, or issues from your past, or is it something that you don't quite understand. If your life isn't working and things are continuing to be a challenge for you, it is time to get help. All of us face difficulties at some point in our lives, whether it be difficult relationships, loss of love one, anger, depression, adjusting to change, or negative thought patterns; therapy can make a difference.
(205) 419-1811 View (205) 419-1811
Photo of Donna G Marsh, MEd, LPC-S, RPT-S, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Donna G Marsh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC-S, RPT-S, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
I look forward to working with clients who are interested in making changes in their lives so they can grow and feel confident in handling any stressors that come along. I have found that with an objective counselor, who is supportive and allows the client to share and work through his/her feelings, they can realize their strength to make the changes needed to improve their lives. My career has spanned over 25 years, working with clients with depression, anxiety, grief, life stressors, medical crises, military service members, and children with ADHD, behavioral issues and custody issues.
I look forward to working with clients who are interested in making changes in their lives so they can grow and feel confident in handling any stressors that come along. I have found that with an objective counselor, who is supportive and allows the client to share and work through his/her feelings, they can realize their strength to make the changes needed to improve their lives. My career has spanned over 25 years, working with clients with depression, anxiety, grief, life stressors, medical crises, military service members, and children with ADHD, behavioral issues and custody issues.
(205) 839-7751 View (205) 839-7751
Photo of Dr. Caitlin Wolford Clevenger, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Caitlin Wolford Clevenger
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Are you overwhelmed, scattered, and/or forgetful? Have you received multiple diagnoses from providers but do not understand what they mean or wonder if they are correct? If you are seeking clarity about your symptoms and an individualized treatment plan, now might be the time to consider a psychological assessment. A psychological assessment involves 3+ hours of interview and testing plus 5+ hours of interpretation and feedback. Assessment can get to the root of an issue and narrow in on core issues and strengths, which can be used to improve your therapy and medication plans. Psychological assessment aims to give answers.
Are you overwhelmed, scattered, and/or forgetful? Have you received multiple diagnoses from providers but do not understand what they mean or wonder if they are correct? If you are seeking clarity about your symptoms and an individualized treatment plan, now might be the time to consider a psychological assessment. A psychological assessment involves 3+ hours of interview and testing plus 5+ hours of interpretation and feedback. Assessment can get to the root of an issue and narrow in on core issues and strengths, which can be used to improve your therapy and medication plans. Psychological assessment aims to give answers.
(205) 827-5190 View (205) 827-5190
Photo of undefined - Courage Health and Wellness, PhD, Psychologist
Courage Health and Wellness
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173  (Online Only)
Do you want to stop struggling and start living more fully? You have come to the right place. I help clients develop personalized strategies for coping with emotions, thoughts and behavior patterns that cause us to struggle and hinder us from living life to the fullest. With over 15 years of experience, I work to harness client’s inners strengths while developing a strong base of coping skills. Clients leave therapy feeling courageous and confident in their abilities to handle life’s challenges. If you are experiencing anxiety, depression, sleepless nights, or challenging health conditions. I can help. Schedule a FREE consultation.
Do you want to stop struggling and start living more fully? You have come to the right place. I help clients develop personalized strategies for coping with emotions, thoughts and behavior patterns that cause us to struggle and hinder us from living life to the fullest. With over 15 years of experience, I work to harness client’s inners strengths while developing a strong base of coping skills. Clients leave therapy feeling courageous and confident in their abilities to handle life’s challenges. If you are experiencing anxiety, depression, sleepless nights, or challenging health conditions. I can help. Schedule a FREE consultation.
(205) 539-0353 View (205) 539-0353
Photo of Katherine (Katie) Dalstra, LPC, ALC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Katherine (Katie) Dalstra
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ALC
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
I am currently only accepting virtual Mississippi Clients, however I do have availability for in-person sessions in Trussville, Al, as well as Oneonta, AL. Are you stressed? Over scheduled? Running on empty? Maybe you’re simply not feeling yourself lately and are uninterested in the things you once were. The good news is there are also a myriad of evidence-based techniques that can help you get back to your true self. It would be my pleasure to walk alongside you through any difficult time in life, using evidence-based approaches to encourage real changes in your life.
I am currently only accepting virtual Mississippi Clients, however I do have availability for in-person sessions in Trussville, Al, as well as Oneonta, AL. Are you stressed? Over scheduled? Running on empty? Maybe you’re simply not feeling yourself lately and are uninterested in the things you once were. The good news is there are also a myriad of evidence-based techniques that can help you get back to your true self. It would be my pleasure to walk alongside you through any difficult time in life, using evidence-based approaches to encourage real changes in your life.
(662) 301-9681 View (662) 301-9681
Photo of Ben DeBell, MDiv, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ben DeBell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MDiv, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Ben is a Licensed Professional Counselor that utilizes an integrative approach to counseling, incorporating theological and psychological principles. He uses a variety of counseling models to meet the various needs of clients including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), Brief-Solution Focused Therapy, TBRI, and others. Ben enjoys working with individuals, couples/families, and children.
Ben is a Licensed Professional Counselor that utilizes an integrative approach to counseling, incorporating theological and psychological principles. He uses a variety of counseling models to meet the various needs of clients including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), Brief-Solution Focused Therapy, TBRI, and others. Ben enjoys working with individuals, couples/families, and children.
(205) 315-8995 View (205) 315-8995
Photo of Terri Jackson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Terri Jackson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173  (Online Only)
Are you tired of being the Superhero all the time? Allow me to give you space to take your cape off. Are you feeling like you cant turn your brain off? You can't seem to feel like you can do anything right? Feeling like you are not enough? Feeling like you have 6 arms being pulled in every possible direction and overwhelmed?
Are you tired of being the Superhero all the time? Allow me to give you space to take your cape off. Are you feeling like you cant turn your brain off? You can't seem to feel like you can do anything right? Feeling like you are not enough? Feeling like you have 6 arms being pulled in every possible direction and overwhelmed?
(205) 809-0443 View (205) 809-0443
Photo of Christa McCrorie, LICSW, PIP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christa McCrorie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PIP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Let’s get you back in control and living freely. We seek therapy for many reasons- we might find ourselves in the same destructive cycles or feel trapped in our own lives. We might find ourselves unable to stop thinking about traumatic memories or acting out our trauma over and over. We might feel out of place in our own bodies, knowing something is not aligning with our gender, sex, or sexual orientation but not sure where to start. Or we just may be wanting to find our greatest potential and change our behavior patterns for success. I can help. We can work together to see your life a little differently and start to make change.
Let’s get you back in control and living freely. We seek therapy for many reasons- we might find ourselves in the same destructive cycles or feel trapped in our own lives. We might find ourselves unable to stop thinking about traumatic memories or acting out our trauma over and over. We might feel out of place in our own bodies, knowing something is not aligning with our gender, sex, or sexual orientation but not sure where to start. Or we just may be wanting to find our greatest potential and change our behavior patterns for success. I can help. We can work together to see your life a little differently and start to make change.
(205) 578-2692 View (205) 578-2692
Photo of Sarah R. Pendleton, LICSW, PIP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah R. Pendleton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, PIP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173  (Online Only)
If you've tried counseling before and feel like it didn't "work" or it wasn't a good fit for you but still feel like there are some unresolved issues or things you want to work on, I'd encourage you to try one more time. I could give you a lot of mental health jargon, but really my main mission in the work I do is to create a comfortable, warm relationship where you can feel SEEN and KNOWN and through that process start healing and reach the goal(s) YOU want to acheive. Maybe you're thinking, "But you're online only... how does THAT create a warm comfortable relationship?"
If you've tried counseling before and feel like it didn't "work" or it wasn't a good fit for you but still feel like there are some unresolved issues or things you want to work on, I'd encourage you to try one more time. I could give you a lot of mental health jargon, but really my main mission in the work I do is to create a comfortable, warm relationship where you can feel SEEN and KNOWN and through that process start healing and reach the goal(s) YOU want to acheive. Maybe you're thinking, "But you're online only... how does THAT create a warm comfortable relationship?"
(205) 545-8941 View (205) 545-8941
Photo of Brantley Oldenburg, MS, LMFT-A, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Brantley Oldenburg
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, LMFT-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Are you struggling in your relationship but when you try to talk it out it feels like it makes everything worse? If you are seeking to heal and repair one of the most important relationships in your life, now is the time to reach out. Bad memories may intrude on your day and you might be constantly waiting for the other shoe to drop. Betrayal has impacted your relationship, and rebuilding trust is difficult. I am here to help you bridge the gap, communicate, and reconnect. I deliver couples therapy that is backed by scientific evidence to improve relationship health and well-being. I work with all couples and am LGBTQ+ affirming.
Are you struggling in your relationship but when you try to talk it out it feels like it makes everything worse? If you are seeking to heal and repair one of the most important relationships in your life, now is the time to reach out. Bad memories may intrude on your day and you might be constantly waiting for the other shoe to drop. Betrayal has impacted your relationship, and rebuilding trust is difficult. I am here to help you bridge the gap, communicate, and reconnect. I deliver couples therapy that is backed by scientific evidence to improve relationship health and well-being. I work with all couples and am LGBTQ+ affirming.
(205) 210-8414 View (205) 210-8414
Photo of Kristin S Penuel, MA, ALC
Kristin S Penuel
MA, ALC
Not Verified Not Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Relationships--and life!--can be hard to navigate. Sometimes, you may feel lonely, down, or stuck in a life that you don't even recognize anymore. You may need a space to explore possibilities for change and someone to listen and offer hope. I work with individuals, couples, and families who are seeking to improve their lives. You don’t have to stay stuck in patterns that aren't working for you or your relationship, or in anxiety or depression that keep you from really living. Therapy can empower you and give you the tools you need to find the happiness, peace, and freedom you desire.
Relationships--and life!--can be hard to navigate. Sometimes, you may feel lonely, down, or stuck in a life that you don't even recognize anymore. You may need a space to explore possibilities for change and someone to listen and offer hope. I work with individuals, couples, and families who are seeking to improve their lives. You don’t have to stay stuck in patterns that aren't working for you or your relationship, or in anxiety or depression that keep you from really living. Therapy can empower you and give you the tools you need to find the happiness, peace, and freedom you desire.
(205) 293-2558 View (205) 293-2558
Photo of undefined - Inspire Health Services, Barry Bolin LPC, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Inspire Health Services, Barry Bolin LPC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173  (Online Only)
Inspire Health offers Therapy, Counseling and Coaching accessible for anyone in Alabama. My name is Barry Bolin and I want you to regain hope. Were you happy with your life at one time? Are you feeling stressed, worried or depressed? If you are having problems at work or home, you're not alone. My clients have many reasons for talking with me. We strive to provide a therapeutic atmosphere filled with optimism, compassion, and empathy along with problem solving. Inspire Health Services exists to help you improve your life, overcome adversity, and live more at peace.
Inspire Health offers Therapy, Counseling and Coaching accessible for anyone in Alabama. My name is Barry Bolin and I want you to regain hope. Were you happy with your life at one time? Are you feeling stressed, worried or depressed? If you are having problems at work or home, you're not alone. My clients have many reasons for talking with me. We strive to provide a therapeutic atmosphere filled with optimism, compassion, and empathy along with problem solving. Inspire Health Services exists to help you improve your life, overcome adversity, and live more at peace.
(256) 304-8689 View (256) 304-8689
Photo of Paige Wilson, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paige Wilson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
Not accepting new clients
I believe all humans have the potential to heal from difficulties they experience. We all exhibit a toughness and can recover from difficult life experiences including anxiety, depression, and trauma. We already have that power within ourselves, we just have to learn how to unlock it. Through therapy, we can unlock this potential.
I believe all humans have the potential to heal from difficulties they experience. We all exhibit a toughness and can recover from difficult life experiences including anxiety, depression, and trauma. We already have that power within ourselves, we just have to learn how to unlock it. Through therapy, we can unlock this potential.
(205) 273-5187 View (205) 273-5187
Photo of Marcy McClain - Still Waters Counseling Center, MA, NCC, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Marcy McClain - Still Waters Counseling Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
My hope for each person I work with is that you feel like you have someone you trust to talk to in the midst of life's crazy circumstances! Counseling is a space to openly talk to someone with an unbiased “birds-eye” perspective of what you are going through. I treat everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion. You can expect that I will be an engaged listening ear for you to sort through and externalize everything that you may be experiencing day to day. My approach is to help people find meaning, purpose, and hope in the face of suffering or hardship, as well as equip them with the tools to live a healthy, fulfilled life.
My hope for each person I work with is that you feel like you have someone you trust to talk to in the midst of life's crazy circumstances! Counseling is a space to openly talk to someone with an unbiased “birds-eye” perspective of what you are going through. I treat everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion. You can expect that I will be an engaged listening ear for you to sort through and externalize everything that you may be experiencing day to day. My approach is to help people find meaning, purpose, and hope in the face of suffering or hardship, as well as equip them with the tools to live a healthy, fulfilled life.
(205) 255-1507 View (205) 255-1507
Photo of Celia Hodnett, EdS, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Celia Hodnett
Counselor, EdS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trussville, AL 35173
I am passionate about assisting those who are eager for personal and emotional development. My clients seek lasting solutions for a fulfilling life. Using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and other methods, I guide them in reshaping thoughts and behaviors impacting mental health, fostering resilience and self-awareness. This journey requires stepping out of comfort zones and embracing change for meaningful transformation. If you're committed to this path, I'm here to support your journey towards a balanced and satisfying life.
I am passionate about assisting those who are eager for personal and emotional development. My clients seek lasting solutions for a fulfilling life. Using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and other methods, I guide them in reshaping thoughts and behaviors impacting mental health, fostering resilience and self-awareness. This journey requires stepping out of comfort zones and embracing change for meaningful transformation. If you're committed to this path, I'm here to support your journey towards a balanced and satisfying life.
(205) 272-8488 View (205) 272-8488
Photo of Bethany Dowling, Ma Ed, LMFTA, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Bethany Dowling
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, Ma Ed, LMFTA
Verified Verified
Trussville, AL 35173
NO WAIT! Taking NEW clients now. Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or anxious? Is your marriage, family or child struggling and you don’t know what else to do? Is there unresolved conflict or trauma that has spiraled? Together, we will figure out what is going on and work towards creating a treatment plan to meet your desired goals. Time in therapy may unveil hidden areas and emotions that are not be easy to talk about or be accountable for. I am passionate and ready to help you unveil your inner strengths and skills to achieve a more fulfilled life and learn how to become the best version of you.
NO WAIT! Taking NEW clients now. Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or anxious? Is your marriage, family or child struggling and you don’t know what else to do? Is there unresolved conflict or trauma that has spiraled? Together, we will figure out what is going on and work towards creating a treatment plan to meet your desired goals. Time in therapy may unveil hidden areas and emotions that are not be easy to talk about or be accountable for. I am passionate and ready to help you unveil your inner strengths and skills to achieve a more fulfilled life and learn how to become the best version of you.
(205) 615-1133 View (205) 615-1133

See more therapy options for 35173

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 35173

40+

Average cost per session

$127

Therapists in 35173 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Coping Skills
74% Self Esteem
74% Stress
72% Relationship Issues
67% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% BlueCross and BlueShield
70% New Directions | Lucet
53% BHS | Behavioral Health Systems

How Therapists in 35173 see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

93% Female
7% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 35173?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.