Photo of Kayla Marmaros, Counselor in 33132, FL
Kayla Marmaros
Counselor, PhD, LMHC
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Dr. Kayla specializes in the treatment of a variety of anxiety disorders, trauma, and grief. Managing the impacts of these can feel defeating, exhausting, and hopeless at times. Dr. Kayla serves as a source of support, psycho-education, and a trusted guide in helping individuals navigate the day to day challenges that feel interfering. It is not uncommon for someone just reaching out for therapy to feel they are enduring these things alone or do not quite know where to begin. Dr. Kayla specializes in working with ages 12 - 35, with extensive experience working with youth ages. (website: www.pillarmindandbehavior.com)
Dr. Kayla specializes in the treatment of a variety of anxiety disorders, trauma, and grief. Managing the impacts of these can feel defeating, exhausting, and hopeless at times. Dr. Kayla serves as a source of support, psycho-education, and a trusted guide in helping individuals navigate the day to day challenges that feel interfering. It is not uncommon for someone just reaching out for therapy to feel they are enduring these things alone or do not quite know where to begin. Dr. Kayla specializes in working with ages 12 - 35, with extensive experience working with youth ages. (website: www.pillarmindandbehavior.com)
(786) 574-2903 View (786) 574-2903
Photo of Jan Maizler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
Jan Maizler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, ACSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
Available 24/7 for crisis, trauma and Covid cases. The work I do with clients is a passionate calling. It's a privilege to be entrusted to form an alliance with you that heals suffering and promotes growth development. Being a therapist is more than a profession for me; it's a way of life.
Available 24/7 for crisis, trauma and Covid cases. The work I do with clients is a passionate calling. It's a privilege to be entrusted to form an alliance with you that heals suffering and promotes growth development. Being a therapist is more than a profession for me; it's a way of life.
(786) 699-6779 View (786) 699-6779
Photo of David S. Kessler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
David S. Kessler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132
I strongly believe in the power of therapy to heal, foster growth, and help you live a happier, more fulfilling life. I understand how difficulties and challenges can affect your psyche and your spirit ; we can work together to help clarify what is causing you pain, dissatisfaction or unhappiness, and provide you with tools to help you. My last 30 years have been dedicated to helping people live happier lives. If you want to talk with someone who is non-judgmental, and who will provide gentle insight and honest feedback, I can help you.
I strongly believe in the power of therapy to heal, foster growth, and help you live a happier, more fulfilling life. I understand how difficulties and challenges can affect your psyche and your spirit ; we can work together to help clarify what is causing you pain, dissatisfaction or unhappiness, and provide you with tools to help you. My last 30 years have been dedicated to helping people live happier lives. If you want to talk with someone who is non-judgmental, and who will provide gentle insight and honest feedback, I can help you.
(305) 363-1839 View (305) 363-1839
Photo of Kristine N Morell, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in 33132, FL
Kristine N Morell
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, RMHCI
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
As a counselor, I am passionate about my work, introspective in my approach, and determined to assist each client in realizing their full potential. I begin by focusing on developing a genuine relationship with you, then facilitating an environment where you feel safe, heard, and supported so that you may ask questions, create a plan, and generate novel solutions to your concerns.
As a counselor, I am passionate about my work, introspective in my approach, and determined to assist each client in realizing their full potential. I begin by focusing on developing a genuine relationship with you, then facilitating an environment where you feel safe, heard, and supported so that you may ask questions, create a plan, and generate novel solutions to your concerns.
(786) 756-6595 View (786) 756-6595
Photo of Hannah Yang, Psychologist in 33132, FL
Hannah Yang
Psychologist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Are you ready to take your healing to the next level? I specialize in working with creative, intuitive women who are looking for an integrative psychotherapist who can pull from all facets of life to empower them even further on their healing journey. We will identify and celebrate moments of joy along the way. I work best with women who would like to incorporate spirituality, body based healing, and any/all facets of life into psychotherapy. I can zoom out to see the big picture of how things in your life affect each other, as well as zoom in to help you identify small adjustments you could make to feel better.
Are you ready to take your healing to the next level? I specialize in working with creative, intuitive women who are looking for an integrative psychotherapist who can pull from all facets of life to empower them even further on their healing journey. We will identify and celebrate moments of joy along the way. I work best with women who would like to incorporate spirituality, body based healing, and any/all facets of life into psychotherapy. I can zoom out to see the big picture of how things in your life affect each other, as well as zoom in to help you identify small adjustments you could make to feel better.
(786) 751-7065 View (786) 751-7065
Photo of Robert Basil, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
Robert Basil
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
If you feel stuck, uncertain of your life trajectory, or unable to change unhealthy behaviors: I understand the difficulty in changing behaviors that are ingrained and the difficulty associated with navigating new ones. Those who are thinking therapy has not worked for me, or have become disillusioned with their lives, please know there is a way forward. Those who want to find ways to cope, but are unsure where to start and feel overwhelmed by these feelings are all welcome to reach out. Those suffering from depression, anxiety, substance use, ASD, and transition-related difficulties.
If you feel stuck, uncertain of your life trajectory, or unable to change unhealthy behaviors: I understand the difficulty in changing behaviors that are ingrained and the difficulty associated with navigating new ones. Those who are thinking therapy has not worked for me, or have become disillusioned with their lives, please know there is a way forward. Those who want to find ways to cope, but are unsure where to start and feel overwhelmed by these feelings are all welcome to reach out. Those suffering from depression, anxiety, substance use, ASD, and transition-related difficulties.
(786) 244-8670 View (786) 244-8670
Photo of Jennifer Yalof, Psychologist in 33132, FL
Jennifer Yalof
Psychologist, PsyD, MEd
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
Are you attempting to manage feelings that have been building up over time? You may be living with anxiety and depression, generally feeling stuck, and/or are trying to manage the personalities of people around you. Perhaps you aren’t quite sure how to talk about what’s happening; but something doesn’t feel right—things just feel off. During times like this, talking to a professional can help. I work with young adults, parents, college and graduate students including international students. I have niche specialized experience working with medical professionals such as physicians, nurses and medical trainees.
Are you attempting to manage feelings that have been building up over time? You may be living with anxiety and depression, generally feeling stuck, and/or are trying to manage the personalities of people around you. Perhaps you aren’t quite sure how to talk about what’s happening; but something doesn’t feel right—things just feel off. During times like this, talking to a professional can help. I work with young adults, parents, college and graduate students including international students. I have niche specialized experience working with medical professionals such as physicians, nurses and medical trainees.
(305) 363-7813 View (305) 363-7813
Photo of Michael J Greenberg, Psychologist in 33132, FL
Michael J Greenberg
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
I specialize in Rumination-Focused ERP for OCD. This approach to ERP focuses on treating compulsive rumination, and provides a highly systematic yet gentler approach to exposure therapy. RF-ERP can be helpful to patients who have not made significant progress in other types of treatment, including individuals with Pure O or Sensorimotor OCD.
I specialize in Rumination-Focused ERP for OCD. This approach to ERP focuses on treating compulsive rumination, and provides a highly systematic yet gentler approach to exposure therapy. RF-ERP can be helpful to patients who have not made significant progress in other types of treatment, including individuals with Pure O or Sensorimotor OCD.
(786) 522-8504 View (786) 522-8504
Photo of Amber Weiss, Counselor in 33132, FL
Amber Weiss
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Feeling lost, down, or overwhelmed? You're not alone. I'm here to guide you toward brighter days with unwavering commitment. Life's curveballs are opportunities for growth; together, we'll navigate them toward empowerment. In my nine years of practice, I've witnessed transformative breakthroughs. My approach fosters genuine understanding in a safe, supportive space. Let's tailor effective techniques to your needs, forging a path toward lasting change. Ready to embark on this journey toward fulfillment? I'm here to support you every step of the way.
Feeling lost, down, or overwhelmed? You're not alone. I'm here to guide you toward brighter days with unwavering commitment. Life's curveballs are opportunities for growth; together, we'll navigate them toward empowerment. In my nine years of practice, I've witnessed transformative breakthroughs. My approach fosters genuine understanding in a safe, supportive space. Let's tailor effective techniques to your needs, forging a path toward lasting change. Ready to embark on this journey toward fulfillment? I'm here to support you every step of the way.
(754) 254-7174 View (754) 254-7174
Photo of Alex Antonucci, Counselor in 33132, FL
Alex Antonucci
Counselor, MS, CMHC, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132
You're wondering if you should stay or leave the relationship. Fights are happening more often and you wish you could communicate better with your partner. Perhaps one of you needs to work on yourselves if you want the relationship to last. If you've already experienced a separation, you likely need help coping with some pain or confusion. If you share a child or responsibilities with your ex, you need to figure out a healthy way of coexisting with them. Whether you're gay or straight, you might be single and frustrated with the dating scene - your relationships don't seem to last, or it's been hard to even get one started!
You're wondering if you should stay or leave the relationship. Fights are happening more often and you wish you could communicate better with your partner. Perhaps one of you needs to work on yourselves if you want the relationship to last. If you've already experienced a separation, you likely need help coping with some pain or confusion. If you share a child or responsibilities with your ex, you need to figure out a healthy way of coexisting with them. Whether you're gay or straight, you might be single and frustrated with the dating scene - your relationships don't seem to last, or it's been hard to even get one started!
(786) 244-6721 View (786) 244-6721
Photo of Stace A Mendez, Counselor in 33132, FL
Stace A Mendez
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
I conduct therapy with children, adolescents, and adults of all ages. I work with those who might be struggling with relationship patterns they want to understand, identity development, self-harm, histories of trauma, difficulties in work or at school, anxiety, depression, and all that comes with the stresses of today's complicated world.
I conduct therapy with children, adolescents, and adults of all ages. I work with those who might be struggling with relationship patterns they want to understand, identity development, self-harm, histories of trauma, difficulties in work or at school, anxiety, depression, and all that comes with the stresses of today's complicated world.
(786) 828-5743 View (786) 828-5743
Photo of Dr. Monica Oganes - Psychoeducational Evaluations in 33132, FL
Dr. Monica Oganes - Psychoeducational Evaluations
PhD
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
Parents want the best for their kids! With degrees in school psychology and clinical neuropsychology, experience in the public schools, hospital settings, and private practice, I have the unique ability to provide the most comprehensive evaluations to identify the root of the problem and develop targeted interventions. I work with parents to develop learning plans and IEPs. My counseling services are effective for children, adolescents, and adults who are struggling with behavior issues, anxiety, depression, social skills, or other life difficulties. I love my career and would love to help you!
Parents want the best for their kids! With degrees in school psychology and clinical neuropsychology, experience in the public schools, hospital settings, and private practice, I have the unique ability to provide the most comprehensive evaluations to identify the root of the problem and develop targeted interventions. I work with parents to develop learning plans and IEPs. My counseling services are effective for children, adolescents, and adults who are struggling with behavior issues, anxiety, depression, social skills, or other life difficulties. I love my career and would love to help you!
(786) 431-0821 View (786) 431-0821
Photo of Haleh Gianni in 33132, FL
Haleh Gianni
BS, MS, CYP
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Are you wondering why things are the way they are? Are you questioning your life path, your relationships, your personality, and your family dynamic? Would knowing how to make sense of it all and gain clarity and confidence make a difference in your life? I focus on providing you with a unique and insightful perspective on realizing certain key aspects about yourself and the people in your world. With this approach, you gain practical tools and a new frame of thinking, so you can attain the kind of peace and serenity you desire. Our work solely focuses on you, and the advice is personalized to meet your needs.
Are you wondering why things are the way they are? Are you questioning your life path, your relationships, your personality, and your family dynamic? Would knowing how to make sense of it all and gain clarity and confidence make a difference in your life? I focus on providing you with a unique and insightful perspective on realizing certain key aspects about yourself and the people in your world. With this approach, you gain practical tools and a new frame of thinking, so you can attain the kind of peace and serenity you desire. Our work solely focuses on you, and the advice is personalized to meet your needs.
(305) 614-3909 View (305) 614-3909
Photo of Filippo M Forni, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33132, FL
Filippo M Forni
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
My specialty and passion is therapy for intimacy, couples, sexual dysfunctions, and relationship concerns. I work with individuals and couples who have difficulties adapting to the dynamics of an intimate relationship. This can be the result of traumatic experiences, the need for personal exploration, and/or sexual dysfunctions. The clients I typically work with are disappointed with their relationship and/or sex life, they may have experienced betrayal, they might avoid sex because it’s painful, stressful, or anxiety-producing, or want to expand their sex horizons (e.g., Kink, Vanilla, BDSM, etc.).
My specialty and passion is therapy for intimacy, couples, sexual dysfunctions, and relationship concerns. I work with individuals and couples who have difficulties adapting to the dynamics of an intimate relationship. This can be the result of traumatic experiences, the need for personal exploration, and/or sexual dysfunctions. The clients I typically work with are disappointed with their relationship and/or sex life, they may have experienced betrayal, they might avoid sex because it’s painful, stressful, or anxiety-producing, or want to expand their sex horizons (e.g., Kink, Vanilla, BDSM, etc.).
(424) 353-2349 View (424) 353-2349
Photo of Dr. Calvin J. Fitch, Psychologist in 33132, FL
Dr. Calvin J. Fitch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
You need therapy that will teach you concrete skills to help improve your life right now, not aimless therapy that only makes you feel better for the day. My typical clients are professionals who have come to realize that negative thoughts are keeping them from achieving their full potential at work and/or in their personal lives. Many of my current clients had tried therapy prior to seeing me and did not find it helpful as they did not get concrete skills to deal with distress.
You need therapy that will teach you concrete skills to help improve your life right now, not aimless therapy that only makes you feel better for the day. My typical clients are professionals who have come to realize that negative thoughts are keeping them from achieving their full potential at work and/or in their personal lives. Many of my current clients had tried therapy prior to seeing me and did not find it helpful as they did not get concrete skills to deal with distress.
(617) 370-8996 View (617) 370-8996
Photo of Dr. Cai Carvalhaes Phd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
Dr. Cai Carvalhaes Phd
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, MSW, CH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132
"Be gentle with yourself." I am a Ph.D. in Depth Psychology, a trained therapist (LCSW), and a hypnotherapist focused on past life soul regression and shadow and dream work. I am specialized in mindfulness providing individual therapy to help individuals in the treatment of stress, anxiety, depression, and gender issues. I am clinically trained by Dr. Brian Weiss in Past Lives Regression to address trauma and phobias. I am also a National Certified Hypnotherapist (CH) by the National Guild of Hypnotists an excellent approach to use with clients to improve quality of life.
"Be gentle with yourself." I am a Ph.D. in Depth Psychology, a trained therapist (LCSW), and a hypnotherapist focused on past life soul regression and shadow and dream work. I am specialized in mindfulness providing individual therapy to help individuals in the treatment of stress, anxiety, depression, and gender issues. I am clinically trained by Dr. Brian Weiss in Past Lives Regression to address trauma and phobias. I am also a National Certified Hypnotherapist (CH) by the National Guild of Hypnotists an excellent approach to use with clients to improve quality of life.
(501) 708-0322 View (501) 708-0322
Photo of Roshelle M. Wilder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
Roshelle M. Wilder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Are you a young adult/person of color who has a history of trauma and you're ready to start your healing journey? Are you finding it hard to navigate life transitions or relationships? Are you struggling with depression? Are you having difficulty managing your anxiety? Our goal is to provide a life-changing experience that will help you cope, heal and promote individual changes which leads to growth and development. If you are ready to improve your behaviors, your relationships, heal from past trauma or reach your highest potential, we can help. If you're interested in learning more, visit our website, therapyishealing.com
Are you a young adult/person of color who has a history of trauma and you're ready to start your healing journey? Are you finding it hard to navigate life transitions or relationships? Are you struggling with depression? Are you having difficulty managing your anxiety? Our goal is to provide a life-changing experience that will help you cope, heal and promote individual changes which leads to growth and development. If you are ready to improve your behaviors, your relationships, heal from past trauma or reach your highest potential, we can help. If you're interested in learning more, visit our website, therapyishealing.com
(202) 836-8146 View (202) 836-8146
Photo of Maria Elena Collazo, Psychologist in 33132, FL
Maria Elena Collazo
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132
Emotional and psychological health are the keys to a happy and successful life! In today's fast-paced and ever changing world, we may find ourselves less likely and less able to control or predict events and circumstances in our lives. But with a healthy mind and attitude, we can be more resilient, and can respond in healthier, more appropriate ways (with a lot less stress!)
Emotional and psychological health are the keys to a happy and successful life! In today's fast-paced and ever changing world, we may find ourselves less likely and less able to control or predict events and circumstances in our lives. But with a healthy mind and attitude, we can be more resilient, and can respond in healthier, more appropriate ways (with a lot less stress!)
(786) 373-2512 View (786) 373-2512
Photo of Amanda Lenox, Counselor in 33132, FL
Amanda Lenox
Counselor, MS, LMHC, NCPsyA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Over the past century, the landscape of psychoanalysis has undergone profound transformations. Since the era of Freud, the field has embraced innovation, birthing a myriad of analytic approaches that refine and expand upon classical psychoanalytic principles. Among these, modern psychoanalysis stands out as a pivotal evolution, offering a gentler, more adaptable approach to understanding and treating the complexities of the human psyche.
Over the past century, the landscape of psychoanalysis has undergone profound transformations. Since the era of Freud, the field has embraced innovation, birthing a myriad of analytic approaches that refine and expand upon classical psychoanalytic principles. Among these, modern psychoanalysis stands out as a pivotal evolution, offering a gentler, more adaptable approach to understanding and treating the complexities of the human psyche.
(332) 239-2182 View (332) 239-2182
Photo of Christine Vara, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33132, FL
Christine Vara
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LICSW, MDiv
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33132  (Online Only)
Are you caught in cycles that leave you exhausted? Do you want to have better relationships but find them splintering? Are you self-critical in your efforts to obtain perfection? Do you find yourself shutting down or shutting off? You don't have to suffer in silence. Nor do you have to leave any part of yourself behind - I work with the whole person. Our identities often intersect with our struggles and our strengths. I'll meet you where you're at, and help you get where you're going. Whether you are just starting or looking to maintain your recovery from eating disorders, trauma and/or OCD, together recovery is possible.
Are you caught in cycles that leave you exhausted? Do you want to have better relationships but find them splintering? Are you self-critical in your efforts to obtain perfection? Do you find yourself shutting down or shutting off? You don't have to suffer in silence. Nor do you have to leave any part of yourself behind - I work with the whole person. Our identities often intersect with our struggles and our strengths. I'll meet you where you're at, and help you get where you're going. Whether you are just starting or looking to maintain your recovery from eating disorders, trauma and/or OCD, together recovery is possible.
(952) 234-8036 View (952) 234-8036

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 33132

60+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 33132 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
83% Self Esteem
81% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
67% Coping Skills
64% Family Conflict
61% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
72% Aetna
56% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 33132 see their clients

57% In Person and Online
43% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
24% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 33132?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.