Photo of Ilena Osma, Licensed Psychotherapist, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Ilena Osma, Licensed Psychotherapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
I am currently accepting new clients and I accept insurance.......I am a licensed Psychotherapist in private practice in New York & Florida. I offer telehealth video sessions for residents in both states. I help people who want to make positive changes but are held back by fear, stress, indecision, or old habits. I can help you gain awareness and insight and learn concrete strategies for managing negative thoughts and emotions. Through healing from past experiences and learning effective coping strategies, you have the potential to achieve greater success and develop more meaningful and healthy relationships.
I am currently accepting new clients and I accept insurance.......I am a licensed Psychotherapist in private practice in New York & Florida. I offer telehealth video sessions for residents in both states. I help people who want to make positive changes but are held back by fear, stress, indecision, or old habits. I can help you gain awareness and insight and learn concrete strategies for managing negative thoughts and emotions. Through healing from past experiences and learning effective coping strategies, you have the potential to achieve greater success and develop more meaningful and healthy relationships.
(646) 553-5131 View (646) 553-5131
Photo of Victoria Drob, Licensed Professional Counselor in 33102, FL
Victoria Drob
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MA
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
Do not underestimate the mind-body connection. A mind distraught is a body at risk. Psychological unease affects all aspects of our lives, as well as the lives of those nearest to us. Though our predicaments can often feel hopeless, and seeking relief can feel futile, psychotherapy proves daily that, in the care of a specialist, an altered perspective can offer life-changing insight, as well as the development of healthy and effective coping strategies to deal with a multitude of challenges.
Do not underestimate the mind-body connection. A mind distraught is a body at risk. Psychological unease affects all aspects of our lives, as well as the lives of those nearest to us. Though our predicaments can often feel hopeless, and seeking relief can feel futile, psychotherapy proves daily that, in the care of a specialist, an altered perspective can offer life-changing insight, as well as the development of healthy and effective coping strategies to deal with a multitude of challenges.
(248) 206-3760 View (248) 206-3760
Photo of Angela Denise Casanova, Licensed Professional Counselor in 33102, FL
Angela Denise Casanova
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S, CCTMH
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
My role as your therapist is to provide an environment of safety, support, and growth. I am experienced in helping you understand where your issues originate from, and then working together in collaboration to make changes that will help you move forward.I am also an open-minded person and will provide a nonjudgmental atmosphere in which to confide in. I am certified as a Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional (CCATP) and a proud professional member of the International OCD Foundation as a provider (IOCDF.ORG). I am now licensed to provide treatment to clients in the states of Texas and Florida.
My role as your therapist is to provide an environment of safety, support, and growth. I am experienced in helping you understand where your issues originate from, and then working together in collaboration to make changes that will help you move forward.I am also an open-minded person and will provide a nonjudgmental atmosphere in which to confide in. I am certified as a Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional (CCATP) and a proud professional member of the International OCD Foundation as a provider (IOCDF.ORG). I am now licensed to provide treatment to clients in the states of Texas and Florida.
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Photo of Asya Grigorieva, Psychologist in 33102, FL
Asya Grigorieva
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102
Do you feel you have it all/have enough, but do not feel satisfied, content, happy, or at peace? Do you want to find meaning and purpose in your life? Do you want to examine the root causes of your emotional suffering instead of putting a bandaid on your symptoms? If so, I invite you to schedule a 20-minute consultation with me to begin exploring your transformation. I can help you to learn to trust yourself, discern what you have and don't have control/responsibility over, and find your center/ true north, which you can utilize to make decisions more effectively and flow through life's ups and downs with more ease.
Do you feel you have it all/have enough, but do not feel satisfied, content, happy, or at peace? Do you want to find meaning and purpose in your life? Do you want to examine the root causes of your emotional suffering instead of putting a bandaid on your symptoms? If so, I invite you to schedule a 20-minute consultation with me to begin exploring your transformation. I can help you to learn to trust yourself, discern what you have and don't have control/responsibility over, and find your center/ true north, which you can utilize to make decisions more effectively and flow through life's ups and downs with more ease.
(415) 935-4922 View (415) 935-4922
Photo of Mark B Luzader, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Mark B Luzader
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
If you're here, you're looking for something and probably already know what it is. Maybe you've been worrying for too long and just don't want to feel all that adrenaline and stress anymore. Maybe something happened in the past that left an everlasting impact on you and it's time to let it rest. Or you're neurodivergent and are seeking some guidance about what that means for you. Perhaps you're seeking help for a loved one. You're motivated and ready to make a change, and today is the day you decided to do something about it.
If you're here, you're looking for something and probably already know what it is. Maybe you've been worrying for too long and just don't want to feel all that adrenaline and stress anymore. Maybe something happened in the past that left an everlasting impact on you and it's time to let it rest. Or you're neurodivergent and are seeking some guidance about what that means for you. Perhaps you're seeking help for a loved one. You're motivated and ready to make a change, and today is the day you decided to do something about it.
(321) 334-3579 View (321) 334-3579
Photo of Adele (Addie) Liechty Kogan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Adele (Addie) Liechty Kogan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102
I see clients virtually in California and Florida and in person in western Ma. People enter my therapy practice for all sorts of reasons. You may be at an impasse or a crossroads due to the loss of a relationship, a big life decision or general anxiety that you can no longer bear on your own. You may be suffering from the wounds of homophobia, transphobia, racism, white supremacy and patriarchy, on top of other traumas and early childhood wounds. Regardless, I seek to offer a safe space for you to access a deeper understanding of yourself and your underlying needs and motives, as well as a personal sense of freedom and empowerment.
I see clients virtually in California and Florida and in person in western Ma. People enter my therapy practice for all sorts of reasons. You may be at an impasse or a crossroads due to the loss of a relationship, a big life decision or general anxiety that you can no longer bear on your own. You may be suffering from the wounds of homophobia, transphobia, racism, white supremacy and patriarchy, on top of other traumas and early childhood wounds. Regardless, I seek to offer a safe space for you to access a deeper understanding of yourself and your underlying needs and motives, as well as a personal sense of freedom and empowerment.
(413) 207-0583 View (413) 207-0583
Photo of Rodrigo M Dasilva, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Rodrigo M Dasilva
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
I am currently seeing clients in New York, California and Florida State. I believe Psychotherapy is a collaborative venture that can help people lead a fulfilling life and maintain healthy relationships. In our work together my intention is to create a judgement-free space where I can understand your personal experience and nurture and support you in your journey towards authenticity and change. If you suffer with states of depression, anxiety, or loneliness, or you feel generally dissatisfied with aspects of your life, through our work together we can explore skills and tools that move you toward growth.I am trained in EMDR.
I am currently seeing clients in New York, California and Florida State. I believe Psychotherapy is a collaborative venture that can help people lead a fulfilling life and maintain healthy relationships. In our work together my intention is to create a judgement-free space where I can understand your personal experience and nurture and support you in your journey towards authenticity and change. If you suffer with states of depression, anxiety, or loneliness, or you feel generally dissatisfied with aspects of your life, through our work together we can explore skills and tools that move you toward growth.I am trained in EMDR.
(323) 970-4501 View (323) 970-4501
Photo of Anayatherapy, Counselor in 33102, FL
Anayatherapy
Counselor, M Ed, LMHC, LPCC
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
My name is Alissa Anaya. I am offering discreet and specialized Interventions designed to achieve results. I want to help you realize your own worth and power. I believe by identifying negative beliefs and faulty thinking patterns we can process and reframe harmful cognitions that have been undermining you throughout your life. I use evidenced-based therapy approaches to help you stop self defeating behavior and begin to release lingering doubts and detrimental thoughts. Achieve your goals and make the call to connect with me.
My name is Alissa Anaya. I am offering discreet and specialized Interventions designed to achieve results. I want to help you realize your own worth and power. I believe by identifying negative beliefs and faulty thinking patterns we can process and reframe harmful cognitions that have been undermining you throughout your life. I use evidenced-based therapy approaches to help you stop self defeating behavior and begin to release lingering doubts and detrimental thoughts. Achieve your goals and make the call to connect with me.
(941) 226-8955 View (941) 226-8955
Photo of Dr. Sabina Khan, Occupational Therapist in 33102, FL
Dr. Sabina Khan
Occupational Therapist, PhD, OTR/L, CBIS
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
Life is complicated, with many factors that contribute to our personal successes and perceived challenges. I work with you to understand current sources of discomfort and frustration, to reshape systems and situations causing distress. For many, taking the initial step to start therapy is often complicated by personal expectations and self-judgment regarding what they “could” have done differently in the past, or what they “should” be able to change (on their own). If you are finding yourself struggling to make a similar decision, you’re not alone.
Life is complicated, with many factors that contribute to our personal successes and perceived challenges. I work with you to understand current sources of discomfort and frustration, to reshape systems and situations causing distress. For many, taking the initial step to start therapy is often complicated by personal expectations and self-judgment regarding what they “could” have done differently in the past, or what they “should” be able to change (on their own). If you are finding yourself struggling to make a similar decision, you’re not alone.
(561) 823-3046 View (561) 823-3046
Photo of Stefano Fanfoni, Marriage & Family Therapist in 33102, FL
Stefano Fanfoni
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD (c), LMFT
Verified Verified
15 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102
Helping individuals and families at different stages of life. Working together with a Systemic-Relational approach, we will explore your natural and unique strengths to navigate through the situation you are experiencing and the ones to come.
Helping individuals and families at different stages of life. Working together with a Systemic-Relational approach, we will explore your natural and unique strengths to navigate through the situation you are experiencing and the ones to come.
(954) 231-2872 View (954) 231-2872
Photo of Allison Gradzki, Counselor in 33102, FL
Allison Gradzki
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
If you're seeking help with managing and overcoming Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), anxiety, BFRBs, tics, panic attacks, phobias, or depression, rest assured that I am committed to providing evidenced based therapy (like ERP) with a touch of creativity. While I have experience with multiple subtypes of OCD, the ones I am most familiar with are Contamination OCD, "Just Right" OCD, Harm OCD, and Sexual Fears. I understand the importance of a personalized approach, recognizing that each individual's journey is unique.
If you're seeking help with managing and overcoming Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), anxiety, BFRBs, tics, panic attacks, phobias, or depression, rest assured that I am committed to providing evidenced based therapy (like ERP) with a touch of creativity. While I have experience with multiple subtypes of OCD, the ones I am most familiar with are Contamination OCD, "Just Right" OCD, Harm OCD, and Sexual Fears. I understand the importance of a personalized approach, recognizing that each individual's journey is unique.
(904) 977-8740 View (904) 977-8740
Photo of Erika Bach, Psychologist in 33102, FL
Erika Bach
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with the relationships in your life, or find it difficult to understand and communicate your feelings? Maybe you're having trouble trusting yourself or others. You might be experiencing anxiety or depression that is interfering with your day-to-day life, or you may be looking to expand your self-awareness and gain insight into longstanding patterns. I believe in taking a collaborative approach infused with warmth, sensitivity, and compassion to tailor treatment to your unique needs.
Are you struggling with the relationships in your life, or find it difficult to understand and communicate your feelings? Maybe you're having trouble trusting yourself or others. You might be experiencing anxiety or depression that is interfering with your day-to-day life, or you may be looking to expand your self-awareness and gain insight into longstanding patterns. I believe in taking a collaborative approach infused with warmth, sensitivity, and compassion to tailor treatment to your unique needs.
(347) 427-5334 View (347) 427-5334
Photo of Dr. Shannon Matthews, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Dr. Shannon Matthews
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PsyD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
Feeling nervous or sad? Having a difficult time adjusting, sleeping or concentrating? Relationship issues? Stressed at home or work? Sports performance or other performance related anxiety? Does your marriage need some support? Looking for a therapist that will provide you with high quality mental health services? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you have found the perfect therapist you!
Feeling nervous or sad? Having a difficult time adjusting, sleeping or concentrating? Relationship issues? Stressed at home or work? Sports performance or other performance related anxiety? Does your marriage need some support? Looking for a therapist that will provide you with high quality mental health services? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you have found the perfect therapist you!
(225) 777-9268 View (225) 777-9268
Photo of Eliz Cruz, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in 33102, FL
Eliz Cruz
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MS, R-MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102
Life is a thrilling ride, full of various emotions and opportunities for growth. During challenging times, when you may feel stuck or exhausted, it's essential to seek support and reconnect with your loved ones. Taking that first step toward therapy can be daunting, but I encourage you to have faith in yourself. As a Bi-lingual Marriage and Family Therapist, I specialize in working with individuals of all ages. My holistic, collaborative, and person-centered approach ensures you actively participate in your healing process. If desired, I am also equipped to incorporate faith-based interventions.
Life is a thrilling ride, full of various emotions and opportunities for growth. During challenging times, when you may feel stuck or exhausted, it's essential to seek support and reconnect with your loved ones. Taking that first step toward therapy can be daunting, but I encourage you to have faith in yourself. As a Bi-lingual Marriage and Family Therapist, I specialize in working with individuals of all ages. My holistic, collaborative, and person-centered approach ensures you actively participate in your healing process. If desired, I am also equipped to incorporate faith-based interventions.
(772) 732-3191 View (772) 732-3191
Photo of Nicholas S D Raines, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Nicholas S D Raines
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
I am a licensed therapist (LCSW) who has over 7 years of experience in the mental health field. I have worked with clients who were struggling to cope with adjustment disorders, depression, anxiety, anger, panic attacks, behavioral challenges, mood changes, trauma, grief, loss, spirituality-related issues, relationship conflicts, communication, and self-esteem problems. I am also a Certified, Clinical, Trauma Professional approved to help heal deep trauma resulting from traumatic events. I am more than happy to help you reach your goals. I look forward to speaking with you.
I am a licensed therapist (LCSW) who has over 7 years of experience in the mental health field. I have worked with clients who were struggling to cope with adjustment disorders, depression, anxiety, anger, panic attacks, behavioral challenges, mood changes, trauma, grief, loss, spirituality-related issues, relationship conflicts, communication, and self-esteem problems. I am also a Certified, Clinical, Trauma Professional approved to help heal deep trauma resulting from traumatic events. I am more than happy to help you reach your goals. I look forward to speaking with you.
(850) 498-1361 View (850) 498-1361
Photo of Dr. Jordan Roddey, Psychologist in 33102, FL
Dr. Jordan Roddey
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
I am a licensed doctor of clinical psychology accepting clients in Florida and Michigan. My approach as your therapist is warm, direct, and deeply invested in your success and healing. Starting therapy can be uncomfortable, but it can also be life changing if you find the right person to work with. If you are feeling stuck, but ready for something to change let's get started. I am happy to answer any questions you have.
I am a licensed doctor of clinical psychology accepting clients in Florida and Michigan. My approach as your therapist is warm, direct, and deeply invested in your success and healing. Starting therapy can be uncomfortable, but it can also be life changing if you find the right person to work with. If you are feeling stuck, but ready for something to change let's get started. I am happy to answer any questions you have.
(727) 594-5749 View (727) 594-5749
Photo of Scott Gustafson, Psychologist in 33102, FL
Scott Gustafson
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102
Dr. Gustafson is currently open for telehealth sessions with people from both Florida and Mississippi. He is a seasoned, board certified, licensed clinical psychologist and professor with over 30 years of experience to help you to work things through. I try to make my practice a sanctuary where science, compassion, and humor converge to create a challenging but safe environment. Here you are respected and treated like an adult.
Dr. Gustafson is currently open for telehealth sessions with people from both Florida and Mississippi. He is a seasoned, board certified, licensed clinical psychologist and professor with over 30 years of experience to help you to work things through. I try to make my practice a sanctuary where science, compassion, and humor converge to create a challenging but safe environment. Here you are respected and treated like an adult.
(321) 635-0164 View (321) 635-0164
Photo of Nicole Micucci, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Nicole Micucci
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
You are feeling trapped in continued cycles of behavior, emotion, and relationships that hold you back from living a fulfilling life. You have always considered yourself a highly motivated person, but difficult life changes and traumatic experiences have been fogging your vision of the future. Anxiety, depression, grief, and trauma can feel all-encompassing but do not define you. You are not alone and deserve to put your well-being and mental health first. You deserve a safe space to openly express and heal. Allow me to help guide you to gain a higher sense of self-worth, freedom from your past, and overall peace of mind.
You are feeling trapped in continued cycles of behavior, emotion, and relationships that hold you back from living a fulfilling life. You have always considered yourself a highly motivated person, but difficult life changes and traumatic experiences have been fogging your vision of the future. Anxiety, depression, grief, and trauma can feel all-encompassing but do not define you. You are not alone and deserve to put your well-being and mental health first. You deserve a safe space to openly express and heal. Allow me to help guide you to gain a higher sense of self-worth, freedom from your past, and overall peace of mind.
(754) 253-3276 View (754) 253-3276
Photo of Johnece Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in 33102, FL
Johnece Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102
Is it hard to share your thoughts and feelings with others? Are you feeling unheard? Feeling overwhelmed with depression, anxiety, life stressors, and fear? Embarking on the journey of therapy is taking the courageous first step towards healing and holistic health. Remember, you don't have to walk this path alone. Together, let's forge a new path towards well-being, one step at a time.
Is it hard to share your thoughts and feelings with others? Are you feeling unheard? Feeling overwhelmed with depression, anxiety, life stressors, and fear? Embarking on the journey of therapy is taking the courageous first step towards healing and holistic health. Remember, you don't have to walk this path alone. Together, let's forge a new path towards well-being, one step at a time.
(205) 498-9577 View (205) 498-9577
Photo of Online Virtual Counselors, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 33102, FL
Online Virtual Counselors
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Miami, FL 33102  (Online Only)
Hello! We are Online Virtual Counselors, a group practice whose providers have over a combined 150 years of experience. We offer online therapy and psychological support in English and Spanish to clients living in New York, New Jersey, Virginia, DC, Connecticut, Florida, Massachusetts and Maryland. We specialize in working with all childhood disorders, individuals and couples for anxiety, trauma. relationship counseling, addictions, and infidelity. We are committed to providing supportive and highly individualized care for their clients, and helping them navigate times of transition and change within their relationships.
Hello! We are Online Virtual Counselors, a group practice whose providers have over a combined 150 years of experience. We offer online therapy and psychological support in English and Spanish to clients living in New York, New Jersey, Virginia, DC, Connecticut, Florida, Massachusetts and Maryland. We specialize in working with all childhood disorders, individuals and couples for anxiety, trauma. relationship counseling, addictions, and infidelity. We are committed to providing supportive and highly individualized care for their clients, and helping them navigate times of transition and change within their relationships.
(201) 809-3313 View (201) 809-3313

See more therapy options for 33102

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 33102

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 33102 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
82% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
69% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Aetna
81% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
65% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 33102 see their clients

61% Online Only
39% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

72% Female
26% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 33102?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.