Peggy Hightower
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCATP
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765  (Online Only)
As one ages, one experiences the "Winds of Change". Some of us experience these changes in our lives one at a time, and others experience a world wind that may take our breath away. As a therapist that concentrates on Holistic remedies, I find that many of us are not able to handle all of the changes that may occur at one time, which may leave us feeling depressed and/or anxious. However, during this state of "change" is it actually depression and/or anxiety... or is it a result of what has or is occurring in our lives?
As one ages, one experiences the "Winds of Change". Some of us experience these changes in our lives one at a time, and others experience a world wind that may take our breath away. As a therapist that concentrates on Holistic remedies, I find that many of us are not able to handle all of the changes that may occur at one time, which may leave us feeling depressed and/or anxious. However, during this state of "change" is it actually depression and/or anxiety... or is it a result of what has or is occurring in our lives?
(407) 531-8896 View (407) 531-8896
Photo of Blessing E. Pereira, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Blessing E. Pereira
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
As a Licensed Mental Health Clinician, I see myself as a guide in the counseling relationship to help clients navigate life challenges. I aim to create a culturally sensitive, safe, non-judgmental space that allows for collaboration and exploration of strengths and the development of new skills to promote self-growth.
As a Licensed Mental Health Clinician, I see myself as a guide in the counseling relationship to help clients navigate life challenges. I aim to create a culturally sensitive, safe, non-judgmental space that allows for collaboration and exploration of strengths and the development of new skills to promote self-growth.
(386) 259-6823 View (386) 259-6823
Photo of Adriane Nikitopoulos, LMHC, Counselor
Adriane Nikitopoulos
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
As we move through the stages of life, there may be changes that cause us to be faced with unexpected challenges. These are times it may help to process our experiences with another to decrease emotional distress or to explore different options. It may also help to gain an awareness of how learned behaviors, negative beliefs of self and unresolved issues from the past can affect our mental health. Once these are worked through, it may be easier to appreciate and embrace the here and now. It is important for me to provide a safe and supportive environment where emotions, beliefs, and concerns can be shared and worked through.
As we move through the stages of life, there may be changes that cause us to be faced with unexpected challenges. These are times it may help to process our experiences with another to decrease emotional distress or to explore different options. It may also help to gain an awareness of how learned behaviors, negative beliefs of self and unresolved issues from the past can affect our mental health. Once these are worked through, it may be easier to appreciate and embrace the here and now. It is important for me to provide a safe and supportive environment where emotions, beliefs, and concerns can be shared and worked through.
(321) 276-0851 View (321) 276-0851
Photo of Ericka Foster, MS, LMHC, Counselor
Ericka Foster
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
Are you not coping as well as in the past? Are you feeling emotionally exhausted, stuck or numb? Or maybe feeling that you are not good enough, having negative thoughts or being haunted by the past? You are not alone. Life can often be a challenge no matter who we are or where we come from. Some of these challenges present themselves at times when we least expect them and can cause great difficulties in all areas of our lives. The journey towards healing starts with one courageous step and I am here to help you. Take a deep breath.
Are you not coping as well as in the past? Are you feeling emotionally exhausted, stuck or numb? Or maybe feeling that you are not good enough, having negative thoughts or being haunted by the past? You are not alone. Life can often be a challenge no matter who we are or where we come from. Some of these challenges present themselves at times when we least expect them and can cause great difficulties in all areas of our lives. The journey towards healing starts with one courageous step and I am here to help you. Take a deep breath.
(407) 604-2137 View (407) 604-2137
Photo of Dee Downs, LMHC
Dee Downs
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and have been practicing since 2016. I received a Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of Central Florida and a Master of Arts Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Rollins College. I believe that you are the expert on your own life, and our sessions will revolve around your unique experiences, strengths, and goals. Laughter and authenticity are welcome, and I strive to create a warm environment where you can be yourself.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and have been practicing since 2016. I received a Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of Central Florida and a Master of Arts Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Rollins College. I believe that you are the expert on your own life, and our sessions will revolve around your unique experiences, strengths, and goals. Laughter and authenticity are welcome, and I strive to create a warm environment where you can be yourself.
(407) 543-2386 View (407) 543-2386
Photo of Garrett Mark Leslie, MA, LMHC, FLCS, Counselor
Garrett Mark Leslie
Counselor, MA, LMHC, FLCS
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
I have a relational approach that fosters a mix of warmth & acceptance along with clinical clarity and positive outcomes. My focus and understanding is that the "The therapist can only take someone as far as they have been themselves." So I understand the stuck place you are in with your marriage, your personal life, the desperation and hurt, feeling lost and alone and the journey needed for optimal healing/health. I will personally walk with you and your family to care and provide real change that actually lasts! Finally, Our Team approach at Tree of Life is extensive and exemplary...
I have a relational approach that fosters a mix of warmth & acceptance along with clinical clarity and positive outcomes. My focus and understanding is that the "The therapist can only take someone as far as they have been themselves." So I understand the stuck place you are in with your marriage, your personal life, the desperation and hurt, feeling lost and alone and the journey needed for optimal healing/health. I will personally walk with you and your family to care and provide real change that actually lasts! Finally, Our Team approach at Tree of Life is extensive and exemplary...
(407) 917-8481 View (407) 917-8481
Photo of Jennifer Gingras, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jennifer Gingras
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
Waitlist for new clients
You are not alone with your struggles. Whether it is infidelity, relationship issues, grief, and/or anxiety, my goal is to use my training as a counselor along with life experience to help guide clients toward healing and connection. I bring a client-centered approach that focuses on acceptance and understanding to my practice. Cheryl Strayed stated and I also believe, "That place of true healing is a fierce place. It's a giant place. It's a place of monstrous beauty and endless dark and glimmering light. And you have to work really, really hard to get there, but you can do it."
You are not alone with your struggles. Whether it is infidelity, relationship issues, grief, and/or anxiety, my goal is to use my training as a counselor along with life experience to help guide clients toward healing and connection. I bring a client-centered approach that focuses on acceptance and understanding to my practice. Cheryl Strayed stated and I also believe, "That place of true healing is a fierce place. It's a giant place. It's a place of monstrous beauty and endless dark and glimmering light. And you have to work really, really hard to get there, but you can do it."
(321) 203-0354 View (321) 203-0354
Photo of Tranquilla Golden-Taylor, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tranquilla Golden-Taylor
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765  (Online Only)
If you're a member of the BIPOC and/or LGBTQ+ communities my services are designed to help educate on how to show up for one’s self and your loved ones. This is done through individual therapy which will help you (re)establish healthy relationships with yourself and others. It will also help to increase self-awareness, confidence, and regain one’s sense of purpose. Relational Therapy helps couples recommit to one another, increase intimacy and communication in your relationship as you work through relational transition, infidelity, family adjustment after kids, communication issues, trust, and intimacy issues.
If you're a member of the BIPOC and/or LGBTQ+ communities my services are designed to help educate on how to show up for one’s self and your loved ones. This is done through individual therapy which will help you (re)establish healthy relationships with yourself and others. It will also help to increase self-awareness, confidence, and regain one’s sense of purpose. Relational Therapy helps couples recommit to one another, increase intimacy and communication in your relationship as you work through relational transition, infidelity, family adjustment after kids, communication issues, trust, and intimacy issues.
(689) 202-4013 View (689) 202-4013
Photo of Lisa Graham - Lisa Graham LMHC, LLC, LMHC, Counselor
Lisa Graham LMHC, LLC
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist and have been practicing for over 10 years. I am here to help you through the difficult parts of your life, whether you are an adult or a teenager. You might not understand where your feelings are coming from or why they have come to surface now. I can help you explore the core of these feelings and then accompany you on your journey to self-healing and growth. I am eclectic in the types of therapy I use, but I am often drawn to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy, to help you reach your goals. I also do telehealth therapy in Florida and Oregon.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Therapist and have been practicing for over 10 years. I am here to help you through the difficult parts of your life, whether you are an adult or a teenager. You might not understand where your feelings are coming from or why they have come to surface now. I can help you explore the core of these feelings and then accompany you on your journey to self-healing and growth. I am eclectic in the types of therapy I use, but I am often drawn to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy, to help you reach your goals. I also do telehealth therapy in Florida and Oregon.
(407) 708-9055 View (407) 708-9055
Photo of Kisha Ann Alvarez, MS, LMHC, CBHCMS, Counselor
Kisha Ann Alvarez
Counselor, MS, LMHC, CBHCMS
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
Are you having trouble coping with daily life struggles? Do you feel you are not meeting your full potential? I am a therapist that would like to help you figure out what is holding you back in life. I am able to offer counseling services to individuals. I am able to help with life struggles such as depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and daily life stressors. I also assist individuals and families that have moved from another country and are having a difficult time adjusting to their new surroundings.
Are you having trouble coping with daily life struggles? Do you feel you are not meeting your full potential? I am a therapist that would like to help you figure out what is holding you back in life. I am able to offer counseling services to individuals. I am able to help with life struggles such as depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and daily life stressors. I also assist individuals and families that have moved from another country and are having a difficult time adjusting to their new surroundings.
(321) 415-0761 View (321) 415-0761
Photo of Catherine Rutter, MS, LMHC, Counselor
Catherine Rutter
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
Seeking help for yourself or someone you care about is not an easy task and you want to find a competent professional. Whether you are looking for support in improving your quality of life or you are suffering from relationship issues, depression and anxiety, a life crisis or any other stressors, you have come to the right place. I pride myself on being a competent, compassionate, accepting, and client-focused therapist. I prefer to not only use my developed skill set, but also the client’s strengths and resources to meet their individualized needs and accomplish their therapeutic goals.
Seeking help for yourself or someone you care about is not an easy task and you want to find a competent professional. Whether you are looking for support in improving your quality of life or you are suffering from relationship issues, depression and anxiety, a life crisis or any other stressors, you have come to the right place. I pride myself on being a competent, compassionate, accepting, and client-focused therapist. I prefer to not only use my developed skill set, but also the client’s strengths and resources to meet their individualized needs and accomplish their therapeutic goals.
(407) 988-0925 View (407) 988-0925
Photo of Alexis Honeycutt - Alexis Honeycutt, Certified Gottman Therapist, LMHC, CGT, NCC, QS (FL), Counselor
Alexis Honeycutt, Certified Gottman Therapist
Counselor, LMHC, CGT, NCC, QS (FL)
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
Do you feel lonely even though you are married or in a committed relationship? Sometimes you look over at the person sleeping next to you and wonder who that stranger is; certainly not the person you fell in love with. In fact, nothing about this relationship looks how it did when it first started. You fight more often, spend less time together, have less sex, and have almost no fun. Things have changed, and you have started to wonder if they can be as good as they were before.
Do you feel lonely even though you are married or in a committed relationship? Sometimes you look over at the person sleeping next to you and wonder who that stranger is; certainly not the person you fell in love with. In fact, nothing about this relationship looks how it did when it first started. You fight more often, spend less time together, have less sex, and have almost no fun. Things have changed, and you have started to wonder if they can be as good as they were before.
(321) 320-7511 View (321) 320-7511
Photo of Chala Barrington-Cruz, LCSW, MA-ABA, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Chala Barrington-Cruz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA-ABA, MSW
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765  (Online Only)
Being a caregiver, frustrations with your job, caring for your family or everyday life situations are undoubtedly taxing mentally and physically. But the emotional and mental fatigue actually gets to most of my counseling clients.I aim to bring hope to struggling individuals and help them find a balance they have been seeking. When you have tried talking to your family and friends, but they never really understand what you are going through, this emotional unrest can have an immense effect on your physical and mental health.This is when you need to come see us at New Beginnings for professional counseling, support and understanding.
Being a caregiver, frustrations with your job, caring for your family or everyday life situations are undoubtedly taxing mentally and physically. But the emotional and mental fatigue actually gets to most of my counseling clients.I aim to bring hope to struggling individuals and help them find a balance they have been seeking. When you have tried talking to your family and friends, but they never really understand what you are going through, this emotional unrest can have an immense effect on your physical and mental health.This is when you need to come see us at New Beginnings for professional counseling, support and understanding.
(407) 456-7491 View (407) 456-7491
Photo of Mallory Paul Gabriel, LMHC, QCS, CCTP, ART, Counselor
Mallory Paul Gabriel
Counselor, LMHC, QCS, CCTP, ART
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
Mallory believes that at any stage or age, all people have this in common: we have stories and are created for connection. While life can be amazing and beautiful, there is a deep awareness and experience of brokenness and pain — in ourselves, our relationships, and the world around us. Mallory believes counseling is an opportunity to enter into your brokenness and to find meaning, redemption, and ultimately healing and wholeness. This therapeutic process requires courage, authenticity, and a willingness to be vulnerable.
Mallory believes that at any stage or age, all people have this in common: we have stories and are created for connection. While life can be amazing and beautiful, there is a deep awareness and experience of brokenness and pain — in ourselves, our relationships, and the world around us. Mallory believes counseling is an opportunity to enter into your brokenness and to find meaning, redemption, and ultimately healing and wholeness. This therapeutic process requires courage, authenticity, and a willingness to be vulnerable.
(321) 204-2908 View (321) 204-2908
Photo of Mandy M. Albaugh, LMHC, NCC, Counselor
Mandy M. Albaugh
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
People come to my office with hopes of experiencing some sort of positive change. I see my role as creating the environment for change to happen. I view my work with people as collaborative. In other words, the counselor and client work together to set goals and develop the means to meet these goals. I hope to make the person sitting across from me in my office realize that they are their most important resource for making life “work”.
People come to my office with hopes of experiencing some sort of positive change. I see my role as creating the environment for change to happen. I view my work with people as collaborative. In other words, the counselor and client work together to set goals and develop the means to meet these goals. I hope to make the person sitting across from me in my office realize that they are their most important resource for making life “work”.
(407) 494-4526 View (407) 494-4526
Photo of Amanda Vargo, MA, LMHC, QS
Amanda Vargo
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC, QS
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
Waitlist for new clients
Have you been feeling overwhelmed by stress and anxiety? Do you constantly worry about the future or worst case scenarios? Maybe it has been difficult for you to adjust to a recent life change such as graduating college or becoming a new mom. Perhaps you are grieving a pregnancy loss or struggling with infertility. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, my passion lies in empowering teens and women looking to better manage their stress + emotions and overcome challenges in their life.
Have you been feeling overwhelmed by stress and anxiety? Do you constantly worry about the future or worst case scenarios? Maybe it has been difficult for you to adjust to a recent life change such as graduating college or becoming a new mom. Perhaps you are grieving a pregnancy loss or struggling with infertility. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, my passion lies in empowering teens and women looking to better manage their stress + emotions and overcome challenges in their life.
(321) 339-2209 View (321) 339-2209
Photo of Emily Berndt, MA
Emily Berndt
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
You've heard of other parents struggling with their teens. Still, you never thought it would be you. You feel shut out. Every conversation turns into an argument with your teen. It's frustrating, depressing, and confusing to try and connect with them. You want a counselor who looks out for your family. You would give anything for your teen to be successful, learn stress management skills, and gain self-confidence. You've come to the right place.
You've heard of other parents struggling with their teens. Still, you never thought it would be you. You feel shut out. Every conversation turns into an argument with your teen. It's frustrating, depressing, and confusing to try and connect with them. You want a counselor who looks out for your family. You would give anything for your teen to be successful, learn stress management skills, and gain self-confidence. You've come to the right place.
(407) 205-2802 View (407) 205-2802
Photo of Melanie Rose, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Melanie Rose
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
Life is full of transitions, and it can be difficult to navigate life changes. Do you feel frustrated, alone, misunderstood, or sad due to family conflict, an unfulfilling romantic relationship, low self esteem, stress, or parenting your children? Relationships can be complicated, and it is disheartening to feel stuck in situations that cause anxiety, sadness, or stress. Tension can build even more if you have a child or teen who is struggling with their behavior or emotions. This can negatively affect school, work, or home life. It takes courage to reach out for professional help.
Life is full of transitions, and it can be difficult to navigate life changes. Do you feel frustrated, alone, misunderstood, or sad due to family conflict, an unfulfilling romantic relationship, low self esteem, stress, or parenting your children? Relationships can be complicated, and it is disheartening to feel stuck in situations that cause anxiety, sadness, or stress. Tension can build even more if you have a child or teen who is struggling with their behavior or emotions. This can negatively affect school, work, or home life. It takes courage to reach out for professional help.
(407) 807-6143 View (407) 807-6143
Photo of Tom Daniele, LMHC
Tom Daniele
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Oviedo, FL 32765
Tom Daniele is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Florida who has been practicing since 2019. He has a B. A: History, Religious Studies, a B. S: Psychology, and a Master of Arts: Counselor Education- Mental Health Counseling from University of Central Florida. Tom seeks to provide clients with the support and methods that will help them achieve their goals within a framework they desire. He offers a unique perspective on the challenges of life through the lenses of philosophy, cognitive science, and biology. Tom looks to create a comfortable space for clients to be both totally honest as well as focused on their present needs.
Tom Daniele is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Florida who has been practicing since 2019. He has a B. A: History, Religious Studies, a B. S: Psychology, and a Master of Arts: Counselor Education- Mental Health Counseling from University of Central Florida. Tom seeks to provide clients with the support and methods that will help them achieve their goals within a framework they desire. He offers a unique perspective on the challenges of life through the lenses of philosophy, cognitive science, and biology. Tom looks to create a comfortable space for clients to be both totally honest as well as focused on their present needs.
(407) 871-6684 View (407) 871-6684
Photo of Carol Bencivenga - Carol Bencivenga, LMHC, MCAP, Counselor
Carol Bencivenga
Counselor, LMHC, MCAP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oviedo, FL 32765
It is a brand new year and sometimes that can be overwhelming. No matter the reason you think you may be in need of some assistance, I am a licensed mental health counselor with 25+ years of experience. My strength is in treating individuals with substance abuse, trauma, depression, anxiety, PTSD and ADHD. Together, we can work to help you reach your goals, big or small, with understanding, feedback, guidance and empathetic listening, I have no doubt that we can get you where you need to be emotionally. I also work closely with the Florida Safety Council for anyone who has had a DUI and is in need of counseling.
It is a brand new year and sometimes that can be overwhelming. No matter the reason you think you may be in need of some assistance, I am a licensed mental health counselor with 25+ years of experience. My strength is in treating individuals with substance abuse, trauma, depression, anxiety, PTSD and ADHD. Together, we can work to help you reach your goals, big or small, with understanding, feedback, guidance and empathetic listening, I have no doubt that we can get you where you need to be emotionally. I also work closely with the Florida Safety Council for anyone who has had a DUI and is in need of counseling.
(407) 641-0036 View (407) 641-0036

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32765

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 32765 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
90% Depression
80% Self Esteem
77% Coping Skills
71% Trauma and PTSD
70% Relationship Issues
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% Cigna and Evernorth
88% Aetna
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 32765 see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32765?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.