Photo of Carissa Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32504, FL
Carissa Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome! I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) dedicated to assisting you on your path towards healing and growth. I understand that life's challenges can sometimes feel overwhelming, and seeking support is a powerful step towards positive change. With a heart full of compassion and a deep empathy for the human experience, I am here to provide you with a safe and nurturing space where you can share your thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. I believe that every person's story is unique, and I am genuinely honored to be a part of your journey.
Hello and welcome! I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) dedicated to assisting you on your path towards healing and growth. I understand that life's challenges can sometimes feel overwhelming, and seeking support is a powerful step towards positive change. With a heart full of compassion and a deep empathy for the human experience, I am here to provide you with a safe and nurturing space where you can share your thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. I believe that every person's story is unique, and I am genuinely honored to be a part of your journey.
(850) 789-6307 View (850) 789-6307
Photo of Nancy Paddock, MA, Psychotherapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32504, FL
Nancy Paddock, MA, Psychotherapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504
As a Licensed Psychotherapist and Certified Hypnotherapist, I have over 30 years experience in the mental health field, with focus on co-dependency patterns and behaviors and other family dysfunction. I use an eclectic approach based on the clients' needs, not a cookie cutter approach. By creating a safe, non-judgmental, caring environment, healing can occur.
As a Licensed Psychotherapist and Certified Hypnotherapist, I have over 30 years experience in the mental health field, with focus on co-dependency patterns and behaviors and other family dysfunction. I use an eclectic approach based on the clients' needs, not a cookie cutter approach. By creating a safe, non-judgmental, caring environment, healing can occur.
(850) 502-4371 View (850) 502-4371
Photo of Mark D. Ruiz, Psychologist in 32504, FL
Mark D. Ruiz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
My goals in practicing psychology are to help you narrow your focus, set strong goals, and deal more practically with life’s barriers. This can be an intimidating process, which is why I use humor - with a dash of hope - as essential tools. I am skilled in individual and family interventions, executive and consultative coaching, and therapeutic strategies including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and solution focused therapies. My experience in medical and rehabilitation settings, including private and veterans hospitals, helped me hone these skills for work with clients from all walks of life.
My goals in practicing psychology are to help you narrow your focus, set strong goals, and deal more practically with life’s barriers. This can be an intimidating process, which is why I use humor - with a dash of hope - as essential tools. I am skilled in individual and family interventions, executive and consultative coaching, and therapeutic strategies including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and solution focused therapies. My experience in medical and rehabilitation settings, including private and veterans hospitals, helped me hone these skills for work with clients from all walks of life.
(850) 429-4134 View (850) 429-4134
Photo of Cathleen Menda, Counselor in 32504, FL
Cathleen Menda
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
I have a long history working with adults and children with trauma related issues, especially those involved in the Foster Care System. I have a special interest working with Adoptive families and I am trained as an Adoption Competent Therapist. I can assist with all types of individual and family issues. I believe counseling should be in an environment that is comfortable and assessable to those I serve, so my services can be conducted in the home, office, or telehealth.
I have a long history working with adults and children with trauma related issues, especially those involved in the Foster Care System. I have a special interest working with Adoptive families and I am trained as an Adoption Competent Therapist. I can assist with all types of individual and family issues. I believe counseling should be in an environment that is comfortable and assessable to those I serve, so my services can be conducted in the home, office, or telehealth.
(850) 331-0890 View (850) 331-0890
Photo of Erica L Mack, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in 32504, FL
Erica L Mack
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, MSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Are you balancing work, school, and home? Struggling with a loss? Overwhelmed with parenting, or navigating a challenging marriage? Maybe anxious about transitioning to college or the workforce? Could you use a “Life Manual” with a "how to" for this moment or the next? Or for a quick fix "turn to Appendix C"? If only it were that simple. Living is full of ups, downs, and upside-downs; twists and turns, backward and forward, and even side-to-side. Right, wrong, or other, we do our personal best in the space we’re in with the skills and information we have. No matter what your situation, help, encouragement, and support is available.
Are you balancing work, school, and home? Struggling with a loss? Overwhelmed with parenting, or navigating a challenging marriage? Maybe anxious about transitioning to college or the workforce? Could you use a “Life Manual” with a "how to" for this moment or the next? Or for a quick fix "turn to Appendix C"? If only it were that simple. Living is full of ups, downs, and upside-downs; twists and turns, backward and forward, and even side-to-side. Right, wrong, or other, we do our personal best in the space we’re in with the skills and information we have. No matter what your situation, help, encouragement, and support is available.
(850) 204-5723 View (850) 204-5723
Photo of Jessica Mayo, Counselor in 32504, FL
Jessica Mayo
Counselor, MS, LMHC-S, RPT-S
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Sometimes life feels like we are barely just going through the motions. It can be overwhelming, unmanageable or just unenjoyable. My goal is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. Whether it is you or your child or teen struggling to adjust, a trauma, a struggling relationship or the hardships of managing day to day life, I am here to help you thrive, not just survive. Therapy is work work but it can also be an energizing and fun experience. I strive to make your experience one that you look forward to and benefit from.
Sometimes life feels like we are barely just going through the motions. It can be overwhelming, unmanageable or just unenjoyable. My goal is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. Whether it is you or your child or teen struggling to adjust, a trauma, a struggling relationship or the hardships of managing day to day life, I am here to help you thrive, not just survive. Therapy is work work but it can also be an energizing and fun experience. I strive to make your experience one that you look forward to and benefit from.
(850) 204-0461 View (850) 204-0461
Photo of Tequirra Taylor, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in 32504, FL
Tequirra Taylor
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Hello! Welcome! It takes courage to seek support, and I commend you for taking the first steps toward healing. In life, there may be issues and traumas that negatively affect the way we view ourselves, our communities, and our relationships. Together, I want to explore these issues and assist you in building upon your toolkit in managing past, present, and future stressors. With this in mind, I provide counseling services to adults, children, and teens addressing a variety of concerns to include anxiety, PTSD, depression, behavioral issues, parenting, and more.
Hello! Welcome! It takes courage to seek support, and I commend you for taking the first steps toward healing. In life, there may be issues and traumas that negatively affect the way we view ourselves, our communities, and our relationships. Together, I want to explore these issues and assist you in building upon your toolkit in managing past, present, and future stressors. With this in mind, I provide counseling services to adults, children, and teens addressing a variety of concerns to include anxiety, PTSD, depression, behavioral issues, parenting, and more.
(850) 801-3084 View (850) 801-3084
Photo of Cynthia Wells, Counselor in 32504, FL
Cynthia Wells
Counselor, MMFT, LMHC, MH21778
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
I am a passionate, innovative psychotherapist. It will be my privilege to walk with you (individuals, families, and couples) on your journey when life becomes difficult. Sometimes we encounter challenges that may be overwhelming, and extremely painful to bare alone such as depression, anxiety, loss, grief, or abandonment. At other times, things may be well, but we could still benefit from having that advocate who cares and can listen, grasp a problem, assess the issues, and assist you with a plan to move forward with your life.
I am a passionate, innovative psychotherapist. It will be my privilege to walk with you (individuals, families, and couples) on your journey when life becomes difficult. Sometimes we encounter challenges that may be overwhelming, and extremely painful to bare alone such as depression, anxiety, loss, grief, or abandonment. At other times, things may be well, but we could still benefit from having that advocate who cares and can listen, grasp a problem, assess the issues, and assist you with a plan to move forward with your life.
(850) 929-5366 View (850) 929-5366
Photo of Ronald C Yarbrough, Psychologist in 32504, FL
Ronald C Yarbrough
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504
I received a B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Georgia. I completed an Internship at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. I was an Outpatient Psychologist at the Lakeview Center. I developed a multi-modal Drug Abuse Program and was Director for several years. I entered private practice in 1974 with continuous service to the Pensacola Community. I provide therapy for children, adolescents and adults in either individual or family sessions, as well as marital/relationship therapy.
I received a B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Georgia. I completed an Internship at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. I was an Outpatient Psychologist at the Lakeview Center. I developed a multi-modal Drug Abuse Program and was Director for several years. I entered private practice in 1974 with continuous service to the Pensacola Community. I provide therapy for children, adolescents and adults in either individual or family sessions, as well as marital/relationship therapy.
(850) 424-1795 View (850) 424-1795
Photo of Kinya Nicole Williams, Counselor in 32504, FL
Kinya Nicole Williams
Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504  (Online Only)
I am a licensed mental health counselor who specializes in work with children, adolescents and adults of all ages. I will work with you and/or your loved ones to address any concerns with managing the effects of depression, anxiety, trauma, substance abuse, divorce, grief and loss and various other challenges while helping you maintain a productive life style.
I am a licensed mental health counselor who specializes in work with children, adolescents and adults of all ages. I will work with you and/or your loved ones to address any concerns with managing the effects of depression, anxiety, trauma, substance abuse, divorce, grief and loss and various other challenges while helping you maintain a productive life style.
(850) 695-1014 View (850) 695-1014
Photo of Nicole Cumpton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32504, FL
Nicole Cumpton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504  (Online Only)
It takes courage to acknowledge that we may need support, to confront the patterns that may be holding us back, and to embark on a journey of self-exploration. Whether you are looking to heal from unresolved trauma or seeking space to re-prioritize your life and goals, I will meet you where you are and help guide you to where you desire to be. I am passionate about partnering with and empowering clients to gain insight, develop healthy coping mechanisms, and foster personal growth. I offer a compassionate environment for individuals seeking to reclaim their lives, build resilience, and achieve overall well-being.
It takes courage to acknowledge that we may need support, to confront the patterns that may be holding us back, and to embark on a journey of self-exploration. Whether you are looking to heal from unresolved trauma or seeking space to re-prioritize your life and goals, I will meet you where you are and help guide you to where you desire to be. I am passionate about partnering with and empowering clients to gain insight, develop healthy coping mechanisms, and foster personal growth. I offer a compassionate environment for individuals seeking to reclaim their lives, build resilience, and achieve overall well-being.
(850) 972-8504 View (850) 972-8504
Photo of Phedra Nekia Smith, Counselor in 32504, FL
Phedra Nekia Smith
Counselor, LMHC, QS
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Like war, trauma from adult and childhood abuse, hurt from church and family have left many of us just limping through life. Just because you are use to the pain, it doesn't mean you or your love ones should continue to live with the pain. I am honest and I like to see results. I also like to work with clients that are ready to be honest and put in the work to see their desired results. I primarily see adult women with trauma and couples in need of support! My office has clinicians that see individuals of all ages! I am also a Qualified Supervisor that is passionate about supporting Registered Interns on their licensing journey!
Like war, trauma from adult and childhood abuse, hurt from church and family have left many of us just limping through life. Just because you are use to the pain, it doesn't mean you or your love ones should continue to live with the pain. I am honest and I like to see results. I also like to work with clients that are ready to be honest and put in the work to see their desired results. I primarily see adult women with trauma and couples in need of support! My office has clinicians that see individuals of all ages! I am also a Qualified Supervisor that is passionate about supporting Registered Interns on their licensing journey!
(850) 941-7808 View (850) 941-7808
Carla von Haven
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504  (Online Only)
Hi! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor based in Florida. I have been practicing for 35 years with the philosophy that therapy not only offers sanctuary to face mental health issues, but it fosters resilience and emotional well-being too. I help teenagers and adults learn not only to survive, but to thrive in this often hectic world.
Hi! I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor based in Florida. I have been practicing for 35 years with the philosophy that therapy not only offers sanctuary to face mental health issues, but it fosters resilience and emotional well-being too. I help teenagers and adults learn not only to survive, but to thrive in this often hectic world.
(850) 988-7639 View (850) 988-7639
Photo of Keith Sartin, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32504, FL
Keith Sartin
Pre-Licensed Professional, MACM, MS, BCC, RCMHCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel stuck in your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors? Are you searching for meaning? Are you face-to-face with anxiety, fear, or depression? Are you grieving the death of a loved one? Do you feel alone in the boat of life? We were not designed to face these deep challenges alone. I strongly believe that when we meet that we will be able to co-create ways for you to find hope, meaning, and a pathway to meet your goals.
Do you feel stuck in your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors? Are you searching for meaning? Are you face-to-face with anxiety, fear, or depression? Are you grieving the death of a loved one? Do you feel alone in the boat of life? We were not designed to face these deep challenges alone. I strongly believe that when we meet that we will be able to co-create ways for you to find hope, meaning, and a pathway to meet your goals.
(850) 517-3685 View (850) 517-3685
Photo of Mary Sears Taylor, Counselor in 32504, FL
Mary Sears Taylor
Counselor, LMHC, MS, BA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Struggling with negative beliefs, unwanted thoughts, past traumas, depression, or even parenting? Regardless, you don’t have to face those challenges alone. We are often impacted by past events, resulting in unhealthy coping mechanisms and negative core beliefs about ourselves and/or the world. Even when we “know” our behaviors and thoughts aren’t helpful, sometimes we just feel so stuck and aren’t sure what, if anything, will help. That's where I am come in: I’m here to provide a safe environment for individuals to overcome past struggles, challenge & replace negative beliefs, develop healthy coping skills, and reach healing.
Struggling with negative beliefs, unwanted thoughts, past traumas, depression, or even parenting? Regardless, you don’t have to face those challenges alone. We are often impacted by past events, resulting in unhealthy coping mechanisms and negative core beliefs about ourselves and/or the world. Even when we “know” our behaviors and thoughts aren’t helpful, sometimes we just feel so stuck and aren’t sure what, if anything, will help. That's where I am come in: I’m here to provide a safe environment for individuals to overcome past struggles, challenge & replace negative beliefs, develop healthy coping skills, and reach healing.
(850) 757-3576 View (850) 757-3576
Photo of Andrea Russo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 32504, FL
Andrea Russo
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504  (Online Only)
From those who are struggling with transitioning into adulthood, to those managing the stressors of a "quarter-life crisis,” working with young adults is my specialty. One of the most important skills my clients leave with is the ability to see themselves with more loving kindness and acceptance. My clients gain the knowledge of how to adapt to change, as well as communicate their needs and feelings effectively. I'm here to offer a space that is free from judgment, and a space where you can truly feel accepted.
From those who are struggling with transitioning into adulthood, to those managing the stressors of a "quarter-life crisis,” working with young adults is my specialty. One of the most important skills my clients leave with is the ability to see themselves with more loving kindness and acceptance. My clients gain the knowledge of how to adapt to change, as well as communicate their needs and feelings effectively. I'm here to offer a space that is free from judgment, and a space where you can truly feel accepted.
(678) 270-2972 View (678) 270-2972
Photo of Catherine Quiring, Counselor in 32504, FL
Catherine Quiring
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LCPC, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
You can have a life that is not defined by anxiety, depression, shame, or loneliness. You can be brave and confident. You can value your own needs as much as you value others'. You can heal from growing up with emotionally-immature parents, harmful religious teachings/experiences, sexual abuse, trauma, and shame. My job is to guide you there. I love helping clients find their voice and increase their self-confidence. I help you identify the factors underlying your anxiety, trauma, and depression so you're not just trying to cope with them anymore, but can have more of the life you want.
You can have a life that is not defined by anxiety, depression, shame, or loneliness. You can be brave and confident. You can value your own needs as much as you value others'. You can heal from growing up with emotionally-immature parents, harmful religious teachings/experiences, sexual abuse, trauma, and shame. My job is to guide you there. I love helping clients find their voice and increase their self-confidence. I help you identify the factors underlying your anxiety, trauma, and depression so you're not just trying to cope with them anymore, but can have more of the life you want.
(850) 760-0109 View (850) 760-0109
Photo of Jane Thomas in 32504, FL
Jane Thomas
LMHC
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504
Life is tough, but so are you. You just don’t know it yet. You might be dealing with a difficult season in parenting your child or maybe you and your spouse are not getting along. Maybe you’re experiencing anxiety, depression, or just struggling with the general ups and downs of life. Maybe your child is struggling and you don’t know how to help him. That’s where I come in. I’m here to partner with you and lessen the load. I’ll use evidence based interventions and theories to tackle the difficulties you are facing so you can live the life you want. (www.janethomascounseling.com)
Life is tough, but so are you. You just don’t know it yet. You might be dealing with a difficult season in parenting your child or maybe you and your spouse are not getting along. Maybe you’re experiencing anxiety, depression, or just struggling with the general ups and downs of life. Maybe your child is struggling and you don’t know how to help him. That’s where I come in. I’m here to partner with you and lessen the load. I’ll use evidence based interventions and theories to tackle the difficulties you are facing so you can live the life you want. (www.janethomascounseling.com)
(850) 812-4790 View (850) 812-4790
Photo of Kerri Anne Riggs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32504, FL
Kerri Anne Riggs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pensacola, FL 32504
Not accepting new clients
My heart is to serve those struggling with depression and anxiety. Having a desire to address these issues head on takes a lot of courage; researching a therapist already speaks volumes of your resolve. My goal is to highlight strengths already present and work with clients to access these more readily. If your goal is to live a more fully engaging life-despite it's challenges and curveballs- I'm the therapist for you.
My heart is to serve those struggling with depression and anxiety. Having a desire to address these issues head on takes a lot of courage; researching a therapist already speaks volumes of your resolve. My goal is to highlight strengths already present and work with clients to access these more readily. If your goal is to live a more fully engaging life-despite it's challenges and curveballs- I'm the therapist for you.
(850) 493-6761 View (850) 493-6761
Photo of Marci B Shemaria, Counselor in 32504, FL
Marci B Shemaria
Counselor, LMHC, NCC, CAP, SAP
Verified Verified
Pensacola, FL 32504
Not accepting new clients
I believe everyone is an individual and special in their own way. Sometimes we lose our way and need help getting back on course. This is what I love about what I do. I am here to help each individual find their way back on course. I feel so fortunate and lucky to be doing the work I do. I love being there and helping people. I genuinely care about every individual person who walks through my door. I am here to help and hold your hand while you take your journey of self discovery, happiness and self love.
I believe everyone is an individual and special in their own way. Sometimes we lose our way and need help getting back on course. This is what I love about what I do. I am here to help each individual find their way back on course. I feel so fortunate and lucky to be doing the work I do. I love being there and helping people. I genuinely care about every individual person who walks through my door. I am here to help and hold your hand while you take your journey of self discovery, happiness and self love.
(850) 318-8898 View (850) 318-8898

See more therapy options for 32504

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32504

70+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 32504 who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
88% Depression
82% Self Esteem
80% Stress
78% Coping Skills
76% Trauma and PTSD
71% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Aetna
82% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
77% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 32504 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32504?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.