Therapists in 32084

Photo of Abbey Lanford, Pre-Licensed Professional in 32084, FL
Abbey Lanford
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, RMHCI
Verified
1 Endorsed
Mental health looks different for everyone and requires a unique care based on the individual and you are an individual with an exceptional story to tell. I believe that therapy is for everyone, whether you want learn more about yourself, break free from old patterns, heal past and present trauma, process and understand your emotions, or simply have a listening ear- therapy is for you! I invite you to have a radically honest conversation so you can develop conviction in the belief that you matter and that you are enough.
Mental health looks different for everyone and requires a unique care based on the individual and you are an individual with an exceptional story to tell. I believe that therapy is for everyone, whether you want learn more about yourself, break free from old patterns, heal past and present trauma, process and understand your emotions, or simply have a listening ear- therapy is for you! I invite you to have a radically honest conversation so you can develop conviction in the belief that you matter and that you are enough.
(904) 320-2275 View (904) 320-2275
Photo of Patricia Outen Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32084, FL
Patricia Outen Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Saint Augustine, FL 32084  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone who wants to take control and get the most out of their life. They are done letting hurt, trauma, and the past hold them back from being their best, whole and healed self. They are ready to see life as a beautiful adventure and are willing to do the work to heal and move forward while also realizing that this is a marathon not a sprint. The goal is to be our most authentic, strong, and kind selves while being full of compassion and love for ourselves as well as those around us.
My ideal client is someone who wants to take control and get the most out of their life. They are done letting hurt, trauma, and the past hold them back from being their best, whole and healed self. They are ready to see life as a beautiful adventure and are willing to do the work to heal and move forward while also realizing that this is a marathon not a sprint. The goal is to be our most authentic, strong, and kind selves while being full of compassion and love for ourselves as well as those around us.
(904) 639-5653 View (904) 639-5653
Photo of Aubrey Cannata, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32084, FL
Aubrey Cannata
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
You know that everyone worries, everyone has stress…but how much is too much? Are you an over-thinker, or been told you're over-sensitive? Do you have fears that are ruining your ability to experience a moment’s rest? Are you stuck in a pattern of relationships and can't seem to untangle? Maybe you're so overwhelmed, all you feel is numb. Therapy can help! I invite you to call me for a free no-strings-attached 20-min phone consult so you can learn how I approach these issues, and ask questions and get to know me before you decide.
You know that everyone worries, everyone has stress…but how much is too much? Are you an over-thinker, or been told you're over-sensitive? Do you have fears that are ruining your ability to experience a moment’s rest? Are you stuck in a pattern of relationships and can't seem to untangle? Maybe you're so overwhelmed, all you feel is numb. Therapy can help! I invite you to call me for a free no-strings-attached 20-min phone consult so you can learn how I approach these issues, and ask questions and get to know me before you decide.
(904) 549-6783 View (904) 549-6783
Photo of Taylor Johnston, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32084, FL
Taylor Johnston
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
4 Endorsed
Welcome to a transformative journey towards healing and personal growth. I am dedicated to helping individuals overcome the shadows of trauma, anxiety, panic disorders, chronic pain, and depression, unlocking the door to a brighter, more fulfilling life. In a world where time can seem like a luxury, I understand the urgency of addressing deep-rooted issues. Unlike traditional therapy that may stretch on for years, I specialize in crafting concise, time-specific sessions that dive straight to the heart of the matter. Together, we'll unravel the layers and discover the real roots of your challenges.
Welcome to a transformative journey towards healing and personal growth. I am dedicated to helping individuals overcome the shadows of trauma, anxiety, panic disorders, chronic pain, and depression, unlocking the door to a brighter, more fulfilling life. In a world where time can seem like a luxury, I understand the urgency of addressing deep-rooted issues. Unlike traditional therapy that may stretch on for years, I specialize in crafting concise, time-specific sessions that dive straight to the heart of the matter. Together, we'll unravel the layers and discover the real roots of your challenges.
(904) 867-2870 View (904) 867-2870
Photo of Angela Thompson, Counselor in 32084, FL
Angela Thompson
Counselor, MHS, LMHC, CAP
Verified
Are you struggling with relationships? Trauma? Depression or anxiety? Stress management? Unhealthy substance use? Counseling might seem scary and intimidating, but with the right therapist it can be life changing. I have been working with people for over fifteen years, helping them through life's challenges. I understand the importance of personalizing the counseling experience to the individual. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and a Certified Addiction Professional. My goal is always to help you achieve your goals, and I am honored to be part of the change process.
Are you struggling with relationships? Trauma? Depression or anxiety? Stress management? Unhealthy substance use? Counseling might seem scary and intimidating, but with the right therapist it can be life changing. I have been working with people for over fifteen years, helping them through life's challenges. I understand the importance of personalizing the counseling experience to the individual. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and a Certified Addiction Professional. My goal is always to help you achieve your goals, and I am honored to be part of the change process.
(904) 265-8862 View (904) 265-8862
Photo of Caige McAuliffe, Counselor in 32084, FL
Caige McAuliffe
Counselor, LMHC, AAT-C
Verified
2 Endorsed
Caige graduated with a bachelors degree from Flagler College in St. Augustine FL, majoring in Psychology and Criminology. He then obtained his Masters degree from the University of North Florida in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. He also holds a certification in Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT-C). During his AAT-C training he was exposed to incorporating dogs and horses into therapeutic partnerships.
Caige graduated with a bachelors degree from Flagler College in St. Augustine FL, majoring in Psychology and Criminology. He then obtained his Masters degree from the University of North Florida in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. He also holds a certification in Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT-C). During his AAT-C training he was exposed to incorporating dogs and horses into therapeutic partnerships.
(904) 875-8283 View (904) 875-8283
Photo of Sara Kouten, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32084, FL
Sara Kouten
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Has a cancer diagnosis turned your life upside down? Is cancer all you think about? Hearing those three words “you have cancer” is a gut punch that is difficult to process. Thoughts of scans, testing, treatment, and side effects can become overwhelming. Some people become paralyzed by fear and struggle to experience joy. Even after treatment is over, quality of life can be compromised. Are you living with fear of recurrence? Do you have survivors’ guilt? Do you feel like you should be now living a life filled with gratitude, but instead feel lost? Are you wondering what is that "new normal" they talk about? Do you just feel stuck?
Has a cancer diagnosis turned your life upside down? Is cancer all you think about? Hearing those three words “you have cancer” is a gut punch that is difficult to process. Thoughts of scans, testing, treatment, and side effects can become overwhelming. Some people become paralyzed by fear and struggle to experience joy. Even after treatment is over, quality of life can be compromised. Are you living with fear of recurrence? Do you have survivors’ guilt? Do you feel like you should be now living a life filled with gratitude, but instead feel lost? Are you wondering what is that "new normal" they talk about? Do you just feel stuck?
(904) 344-5169 View (904) 344-5169
Photo of Hilda Gilman, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32084, FL
Hilda Gilman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Saint Augustine, FL 32084  (Online Only)
I offer telehealth/virtual visits for United Healthcare/Optum, Cigna, Tricare, & private pay clients. I can help you learn the coping skills to address your personal & relationship issues including: anxiety, depression, self esteem, marital communication & conflict resolution, parenting skills, and trauma & abuse. In addition to being skilled in the "talking therapies" I am a certified hypnotherapist. .
I offer telehealth/virtual visits for United Healthcare/Optum, Cigna, Tricare, & private pay clients. I can help you learn the coping skills to address your personal & relationship issues including: anxiety, depression, self esteem, marital communication & conflict resolution, parenting skills, and trauma & abuse. In addition to being skilled in the "talking therapies" I am a certified hypnotherapist. .
(786) 245-7665 View (786) 245-7665
Photo of Danielle Free, Counselor in 32084, FL
Danielle Free
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
2 Endorsed
One of life’s unavoidable experiences is stress which can cause overwhelming neurological, hormonal, physiological and psychological reactions creating symptoms that can make managing even basic daily tasks difficult. I would like to support you in your resiliency journey. Together we will implement strategies that influence the bodies ability to calm reactive stress cycles naturally and create the right mental environment for meaningful reflection, awareness, balance and insight. Using in integrative, strengths-based approach we will identify your unique set of values and goals to create realistic & intentional treatment pathways.
One of life’s unavoidable experiences is stress which can cause overwhelming neurological, hormonal, physiological and psychological reactions creating symptoms that can make managing even basic daily tasks difficult. I would like to support you in your resiliency journey. Together we will implement strategies that influence the bodies ability to calm reactive stress cycles naturally and create the right mental environment for meaningful reflection, awareness, balance and insight. Using in integrative, strengths-based approach we will identify your unique set of values and goals to create realistic & intentional treatment pathways.
(904) 395-5248 View (904) 395-5248
Photo of Alison Byers in 32084, FL
Alison Byers
MA
Stress and uneasiness (anxiety) can occur at any age. Learn how to rethink your reaction to worry and hopelessness. Break the habit of living in your head, distracted by your own limiting thought patterns. Where the attention goes, the energy flows…it is possible to train your brain to remain in Joy (happiness) rather than wasting time chasing negativity.
Stress and uneasiness (anxiety) can occur at any age. Learn how to rethink your reaction to worry and hopelessness. Break the habit of living in your head, distracted by your own limiting thought patterns. Where the attention goes, the energy flows…it is possible to train your brain to remain in Joy (happiness) rather than wasting time chasing negativity.
(904) 906-2520 View (904) 906-2520
Photo of Ashley Fulton, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in 32084, FL
Ashley Fulton
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
In-office appointments now available. Experiencing a financial hardship? Discounted sessions are available to accommodate people during the COVID-19 crisis. Everyone should be able to get the help they need during these stressful and uncertain times. "If you're searching for that one person that will change your life, take a look in the mirror." You have the strength to diminish the negative and overwhelming feelings that are interrupting your life. Let me help you tap into that strength.
In-office appointments now available. Experiencing a financial hardship? Discounted sessions are available to accommodate people during the COVID-19 crisis. Everyone should be able to get the help they need during these stressful and uncertain times. "If you're searching for that one person that will change your life, take a look in the mirror." You have the strength to diminish the negative and overwhelming feelings that are interrupting your life. Let me help you tap into that strength.
(904) 454-5284 View (904) 454-5284
Photo of Bridget Stanton, Counselor in 32084, FL
Bridget Stanton
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Saint Augustine, FL 32084  (Online Only)
Imagine a life where intrusive thoughts no longer dictate your actions. Picture yourself enjoying a meal without the burden of guilt or anxiety. I believe that everyone deserves to experience these moments of true liberation. That's why I offer a comprehensive, evidence-based approach tailored specifically to OCD and eating disorders. I understand the overwhelming challenges that individuals facing OCD and eating disorders encounter every day. I'm here to tell you that there is hope and a path to freedom. I have spent my professional career specialized in helping individuals just like you overcome the shackles of these conditions.
Imagine a life where intrusive thoughts no longer dictate your actions. Picture yourself enjoying a meal without the burden of guilt or anxiety. I believe that everyone deserves to experience these moments of true liberation. That's why I offer a comprehensive, evidence-based approach tailored specifically to OCD and eating disorders. I understand the overwhelming challenges that individuals facing OCD and eating disorders encounter every day. I'm here to tell you that there is hope and a path to freedom. I have spent my professional career specialized in helping individuals just like you overcome the shackles of these conditions.
(904) 901-6330 View (904) 901-6330
Photo of January Turner, Counselor in 32084, FL
January Turner
Counselor, MA, LMHC, RPT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Not accepting new clients
Feeling stuck or overwhelmed? Are you frustrated with work or home life? Relationships with family or loved ones strained? Are you in a transitional point in your life and not sure about your next move? If you are worried about how to move forward and need someone who will listen, offer support and help you to reduce stress and create balance in your life then counseling is your next best step. I am here to help.
Feeling stuck or overwhelmed? Are you frustrated with work or home life? Relationships with family or loved ones strained? Are you in a transitional point in your life and not sure about your next move? If you are worried about how to move forward and need someone who will listen, offer support and help you to reduce stress and create balance in your life then counseling is your next best step. I am here to help.
(904) 423-8045 View (904) 423-8045
Photo of Melanie Leigh Weis, Counselor in 32084, FL
Melanie Leigh Weis
Counselor, PhD
Verified
3 Endorsed
It takes awareness to recognize something is not working in dealing with life’s stresses and it takes a great deal of courage to seek help. I want to be your guide on the journey to discover healthy ways to manage stress, reconnect to yourself, and engage with all that is important to you. I am a doctoral-level Licensed Mental Health Counselor with 19 years of counseling experience. I am highly specialized in treating trauma, grief/loss and addictions
It takes awareness to recognize something is not working in dealing with life’s stresses and it takes a great deal of courage to seek help. I want to be your guide on the journey to discover healthy ways to manage stress, reconnect to yourself, and engage with all that is important to you. I am a doctoral-level Licensed Mental Health Counselor with 19 years of counseling experience. I am highly specialized in treating trauma, grief/loss and addictions
(904) 944-6316 View (904) 944-6316
Photo of Kyla Salmond, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in 32084, FL
Kyla Salmond
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, NCC
Verified
Kyla is a dedicated counselor with a genuine passion for working with clients of all ages. Her approach is defined by warmth, empathy, and a sincere dedication to fostering growth and healing. Whether through the convenience of telehealth or in person in the charming surroundings of St. Augustine, FL, Kyla provides a safe and supportive space for her clients. Kyla believes deeply in the potential for strength and resilience within every individual. Her primary goal is to assist clients in discovering and harnessing their inner resources.
Kyla is a dedicated counselor with a genuine passion for working with clients of all ages. Her approach is defined by warmth, empathy, and a sincere dedication to fostering growth and healing. Whether through the convenience of telehealth or in person in the charming surroundings of St. Augustine, FL, Kyla provides a safe and supportive space for her clients. Kyla believes deeply in the potential for strength and resilience within every individual. Her primary goal is to assist clients in discovering and harnessing their inner resources.
(904) 867-2032 View (904) 867-2032
Photo of Jessica Beal, Counselor in 32084, FL
Jessica Beal
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Saint Augustine, FL 32084  (Online Only)
When you start to notice that you aren't feeling well or your mental health isn't where you would like for it to be, it can be hard to figure out which direction to go in or what will help. It can feel overwhelming to share your story with someone new and to dig further into the things that you may be avoiding. It can help to work with a therapist that considers these feelings and works with you at a comfortable pace. My approach is to focus on the quality of the relationship I have with my clients in a positive and conversational way while also taking the time to understand their experiences and perspective.
When you start to notice that you aren't feeling well or your mental health isn't where you would like for it to be, it can be hard to figure out which direction to go in or what will help. It can feel overwhelming to share your story with someone new and to dig further into the things that you may be avoiding. It can help to work with a therapist that considers these feelings and works with you at a comfortable pace. My approach is to focus on the quality of the relationship I have with my clients in a positive and conversational way while also taking the time to understand their experiences and perspective.
(904) 204-1327 View (904) 204-1327
Photo of James Berwick, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32084, FL
James Berwick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Saint Augustine, FL 32084  (Online Only)
, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been practicing therapy now for 40 years both with a physical office and for the last 2 years online. I live in St. Augustine, Fl. At this point in my career I am working exclusively with adults. Over the years I have worked with my clients on such issues as Anxiety and Panic attacks, Depression, PTSD, Self Esteem problems, Borderline Personality, and marital issues. The kinds of therapy I use most frequently include EMDR, EFT, Gestalt therapy, and Hypnosis. I have also incorporated my long time meditation practice along with my love for Buddhism into my use of Mindfulness therapy.
, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been practicing therapy now for 40 years both with a physical office and for the last 2 years online. I live in St. Augustine, Fl. At this point in my career I am working exclusively with adults. Over the years I have worked with my clients on such issues as Anxiety and Panic attacks, Depression, PTSD, Self Esteem problems, Borderline Personality, and marital issues. The kinds of therapy I use most frequently include EMDR, EFT, Gestalt therapy, and Hypnosis. I have also incorporated my long time meditation practice along with my love for Buddhism into my use of Mindfulness therapy.
(904) 599-3602 View (904) 599-3602
Photo of Robyn Huntley, Marriage & Family Therapist in 32084, FL
Robyn Huntley
Marriage & Family Therapist, Lmft
Verified
1 Endorsed
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who, for over 13 years, has enjoyed partnering with clients to create meaningful, positive change in their lives. As a wife and mother, I understand the complex challenges that family life brings. And as someone who’s walked through premature birth and had a child in the NICU, I am uniquely equipped for and passionate about this population. I also particularly love to work with clients on changing their relationships with themselves, food, and body image, and developing self-compassion. I find this work deeply meaningful and rewarding. Website scheduling LINK at bottom of page.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who, for over 13 years, has enjoyed partnering with clients to create meaningful, positive change in their lives. As a wife and mother, I understand the complex challenges that family life brings. And as someone who’s walked through premature birth and had a child in the NICU, I am uniquely equipped for and passionate about this population. I also particularly love to work with clients on changing their relationships with themselves, food, and body image, and developing self-compassion. I find this work deeply meaningful and rewarding. Website scheduling LINK at bottom of page.
(904) 664-3628 View (904) 664-3628
Photo of Enitan Counseling and Coaching, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 32084, FL
Enitan Counseling and Coaching
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, QS, CCTP
Verified
1 Endorsed
I am a Trauma Informed Therapist providing tools and techniques to those exposed or have witnessed traumatic events. I work closely with Veterans and Families of Veterans as well as Childhood Trauma Survivors. I use eclectic techniques including but not limited to Brainspotting, EMDR, CBT and Person Centered Therapy. I enjoy providing a safe place to Veterans and Childhood Trauma Survivors; providing them psychoeducation and skills to deal with trauma that they've struggled and have been impacted by. I love to see their growth and implementation of skills. It has been a pleasure working with this population.
I am a Trauma Informed Therapist providing tools and techniques to those exposed or have witnessed traumatic events. I work closely with Veterans and Families of Veterans as well as Childhood Trauma Survivors. I use eclectic techniques including but not limited to Brainspotting, EMDR, CBT and Person Centered Therapy. I enjoy providing a safe place to Veterans and Childhood Trauma Survivors; providing them psychoeducation and skills to deal with trauma that they've struggled and have been impacted by. I love to see their growth and implementation of skills. It has been a pleasure working with this population.
(904) 675-1823 View (904) 675-1823
Photo of Deborah J Dungan, Counselor in 32084, FL
Deborah J Dungan
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified
Life can have twists and bumps along the way. As a caring professional working in the behavioral health field for over 15 years I can assist you in the development or refining coping skills so you can continue with quality in activities of daily living. Working with a variety of clients (children, teenagers and adults) I have found that one size does not fit all in behavioral health. I work with my clients to develop a plan that will best suit their needs. It is important that the individual meet their needs. Together we can work as a team to reach your goal.
Life can have twists and bumps along the way. As a caring professional working in the behavioral health field for over 15 years I can assist you in the development or refining coping skills so you can continue with quality in activities of daily living. Working with a variety of clients (children, teenagers and adults) I have found that one size does not fit all in behavioral health. I work with my clients to develop a plan that will best suit their needs. It is important that the individual meet their needs. Together we can work as a team to reach your goal.
(904) 906-6796 View (904) 906-6796

See more therapy options for 32084

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 32084

60+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in 32084 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
86% Relationship Issues
86% Depression
85% Self Esteem
79% Coping Skills
77% Family Conflict
71% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
74% Aetna
69% Optum

How Therapists in 32084 see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 32084?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.