Photo of Breanna Perry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 30345, GA
Breanna Perry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Master Social Worker who specializes in trauma-related disorders, depression, anxiety and mood disorders. I am passionate about helping adults, couples, families and teens, navigate a wide array of social, behavioral and emotional challenges from a person-centered strengths-based approach. The direction of your treatment will always be guided by your preferences, values and goals! I am fortunate to have gained a diverse set of specialized training in a short period of time in the field. have worked as a clinician in community mental health serving women and families, the BIPOC community with substance abuse.
I am a Licensed Master Social Worker who specializes in trauma-related disorders, depression, anxiety and mood disorders. I am passionate about helping adults, couples, families and teens, navigate a wide array of social, behavioral and emotional challenges from a person-centered strengths-based approach. The direction of your treatment will always be guided by your preferences, values and goals! I am fortunate to have gained a diverse set of specialized training in a short period of time in the field. have worked as a clinician in community mental health serving women and families, the BIPOC community with substance abuse.
(404) 737-2524 View (404) 737-2524
Photo of Integrating Body, Mind, and Life, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Integrating Body, Mind, and Life, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, NCC, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
I have extensive experience working with individuals who suffer from various disorders including Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and Anxiety, as well as individuals in need of life coaching. I also have several years experience working as a crisis counselor. In the recent years, my work has focused on military children and families dealing with various issues related to military life, deployment and reintegration.
I have extensive experience working with individuals who suffer from various disorders including Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and Anxiety, as well as individuals in need of life coaching. I also have several years experience working as a crisis counselor. In the recent years, my work has focused on military children and families dealing with various issues related to military life, deployment and reintegration.
(866) 948-9061 View (866) 948-9061
Photo of Veronica B Pomeranz, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Veronica B Pomeranz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
I work with clients in my private practice, who I believe have the capacity to resolve their own problems, however, there are times in our lives when we need assistance. I believe that as people become more accepting of themselves, they are more capable of finding happiness and contentment in their lives. I provide a safe environment for clients to explore their life path and integrate wellness with the necessary aspects of change.
I work with clients in my private practice, who I believe have the capacity to resolve their own problems, however, there are times in our lives when we need assistance. I believe that as people become more accepting of themselves, they are more capable of finding happiness and contentment in their lives. I provide a safe environment for clients to explore their life path and integrate wellness with the necessary aspects of change.
(770) 380-0044 View (770) 380-0044
Photo of Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Center, Psychologist in 30345, GA
Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Center
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP-CN
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
The Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Center supports children between infancy to young adulthood. We provide developmental and neuropsychological assessment, along with consultation and family support. We are a group of pediatric neuropsychologists who have extensive experience working with neurodevelopmental disorders, including learning disabilities, ADHD, intellectual disorders, and autism, as well as typically developmental children. Our group has specialized expertise with pediatric medical conditions, such as epilepsy, genetic disorders, congenital heart disease, transplant, and congenital/acquired brain abnormalities.
The Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Center supports children between infancy to young adulthood. We provide developmental and neuropsychological assessment, along with consultation and family support. We are a group of pediatric neuropsychologists who have extensive experience working with neurodevelopmental disorders, including learning disabilities, ADHD, intellectual disorders, and autism, as well as typically developmental children. Our group has specialized expertise with pediatric medical conditions, such as epilepsy, genetic disorders, congenital heart disease, transplant, and congenital/acquired brain abnormalities.
(404) 795-7318 View (404) 795-7318
Photo of Josh Nowlan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 30345, GA
Josh Nowlan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
Research shows that it is the relationship between the client and the therapist that is the most important factor for success. I work to build a collaborative relationship that is rich, trusting, and productive. I look to encourage curiosity toward our experiences, where thoughts and patterns can be put into words.
Research shows that it is the relationship between the client and the therapist that is the most important factor for success. I work to build a collaborative relationship that is rich, trusting, and productive. I look to encourage curiosity toward our experiences, where thoughts and patterns can be put into words.
(404) 882-6795 View (404) 882-6795
Photo of Krystyna Wilson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Krystyna Wilson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC, CAMS-II
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
I think of therapy as a way of freeing ourselves from the obstacles which prevent us from moving forward in our lives. Frequently these obstacles present themselves to us in the challenges such as problems at work, difficult relationships, adapting to life changes, or in the sudden impact of a traumatic event. Sometimes what stands in the way of our freedom and happiness lies within us, as negative thought patterns, conflicting or confusing emotions, and unexpressed feelings--all of which can result in depression, anxiety, chronic illness, low self esteem--burdens we often carry alone.
I think of therapy as a way of freeing ourselves from the obstacles which prevent us from moving forward in our lives. Frequently these obstacles present themselves to us in the challenges such as problems at work, difficult relationships, adapting to life changes, or in the sudden impact of a traumatic event. Sometimes what stands in the way of our freedom and happiness lies within us, as negative thought patterns, conflicting or confusing emotions, and unexpressed feelings--all of which can result in depression, anxiety, chronic illness, low self esteem--burdens we often carry alone.
(404) 948-3952 View (404) 948-3952
Photo of Glenn Hutchinson, Psychologist in 30345, GA
Glenn Hutchinson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
I specialize in men's issues, relationship issues, and couples therapy. "Men's issues" refers to numerous factors that contribute to men's dissatisfaction with life (e.g., work stress and few friends), as well as the consequences (e.g., behaviors that can become excessive and problematic -- substance use, workouts, sex, etc.). I offer a safe environment where you can address difficult issues. I am casual and down-to-earth. My approach is pragmatic and client-centered. (Visit my website to read more about my approach to therapy and to watch video clips from workshops that I've done for mental health professionals.)
I specialize in men's issues, relationship issues, and couples therapy. "Men's issues" refers to numerous factors that contribute to men's dissatisfaction with life (e.g., work stress and few friends), as well as the consequences (e.g., behaviors that can become excessive and problematic -- substance use, workouts, sex, etc.). I offer a safe environment where you can address difficult issues. I am casual and down-to-earth. My approach is pragmatic and client-centered. (Visit my website to read more about my approach to therapy and to watch video clips from workshops that I've done for mental health professionals.)
(404) 369-4838 View (404) 369-4838
Photo of Lori R Muskat, Psychologist in 30345, GA
Lori R Muskat
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
My practice focuses on psychotherapy, neuropsychological assessment, and educational advocacy. Due to COVID, I am offering tele-assessment for those in high risk groups or w/ family members who are. Issues include: learning problems, employment challenges, relationship struggles, life transitions, developmental disorders, medical illnesses, and stress of being a member of a diverse group (LGBT, ethnic minorities, etc.). I see children/adults who may be unconventional, anxious, depressed or do not fit comfortably within their environment. The label “disability” may be applied to them, but “differently abled” is more accurate.
My practice focuses on psychotherapy, neuropsychological assessment, and educational advocacy. Due to COVID, I am offering tele-assessment for those in high risk groups or w/ family members who are. Issues include: learning problems, employment challenges, relationship struggles, life transitions, developmental disorders, medical illnesses, and stress of being a member of a diverse group (LGBT, ethnic minorities, etc.). I see children/adults who may be unconventional, anxious, depressed or do not fit comfortably within their environment. The label “disability” may be applied to them, but “differently abled” is more accurate.
(404) 593-6313 View (404) 593-6313
Photo of Rashad Morgan, Master of Social Work in 30345, GA
Rashad Morgan
Master of Social Work, LMSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345  (Online Only)
Sometimes in life we face challenges that even the strongest of people need help with navigating. Reaching out for help isn’t a sign of weakness, but a sign of strength and desire for your breakthrough. I have a passion for working with two types of clients: couples feeling stuck in a pattern of arguments and disconnection; and men struggling with Depression, Anxiety or struggling to find their purpose. As a husband, father and entrepreneur, I have life experience in navigating these challenges. I have developed the empathy, compassion, tools and knowledge to help you overcome.
Sometimes in life we face challenges that even the strongest of people need help with navigating. Reaching out for help isn’t a sign of weakness, but a sign of strength and desire for your breakthrough. I have a passion for working with two types of clients: couples feeling stuck in a pattern of arguments and disconnection; and men struggling with Depression, Anxiety or struggling to find their purpose. As a husband, father and entrepreneur, I have life experience in navigating these challenges. I have developed the empathy, compassion, tools and knowledge to help you overcome.
(470) 683-6120 View (470) 683-6120
Photo of Eric Rodgers, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Eric Rodgers
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, BCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Atlanta, GA 30345
If you keep trying to take control of your life but find yourself feeling repeatedly defeated, you’re not alone. Men have unique challenges of balancing personal and professional relationships, burnout and self-esteem. Worse, many of us feel like we can’t show our vulnerability and seek the treatment we need. This difficulty can lead men to experience feelings of isolation, low self-worth, diminished identity, and difficulty with self-expression. But we’re no longer bound to keeping emotions in a corked bottle and can have a voice in how we feel and experience the world.
If you keep trying to take control of your life but find yourself feeling repeatedly defeated, you’re not alone. Men have unique challenges of balancing personal and professional relationships, burnout and self-esteem. Worse, many of us feel like we can’t show our vulnerability and seek the treatment we need. This difficulty can lead men to experience feelings of isolation, low self-worth, diminished identity, and difficulty with self-expression. But we’re no longer bound to keeping emotions in a corked bottle and can have a voice in how we feel and experience the world.
(678) 608-2877 View (678) 608-2877
Photo of Melanie Bentick, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Melanie Bentick
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Atlanta, GA 30345
You might initially be hesitant to seek out help and support for personal matters, but I’m confident that no problem is too great to overcome. Through therapy, there is always a way to address the issues you face and learn coping strategies to help. I look forward to the opportunity to support you through this process. As a divorced mother of two young adult sons, navigating a healthy balance of career, family, co-parenting, etc.; is not easy. I work with women experiencing feelings associated with depression, anxiety, addiction recovery, codependency, and adjustment challenges (e.g. parenting, marriage, divorce, etc.)
You might initially be hesitant to seek out help and support for personal matters, but I’m confident that no problem is too great to overcome. Through therapy, there is always a way to address the issues you face and learn coping strategies to help. I look forward to the opportunity to support you through this process. As a divorced mother of two young adult sons, navigating a healthy balance of career, family, co-parenting, etc.; is not easy. I work with women experiencing feelings associated with depression, anxiety, addiction recovery, codependency, and adjustment challenges (e.g. parenting, marriage, divorce, etc.)
(678) 931-8542 View (678) 931-8542
Photo of Lotus Behavioral Health & Wellness, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 30345, GA
Lotus Behavioral Health & Wellness
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
With over 25 years of cumulative experiences, complemented by a formal education, and extensive training, as the Executive Clinical Director, we offer a biological, psychological and social model approach to provide the highest quality of treatment. With services provided in an environment focused on individual comfort, the reward of trust is initiated and sustained for a positive therapeutic relationship and transformative results.
With over 25 years of cumulative experiences, complemented by a formal education, and extensive training, as the Executive Clinical Director, we offer a biological, psychological and social model approach to provide the highest quality of treatment. With services provided in an environment focused on individual comfort, the reward of trust is initiated and sustained for a positive therapeutic relationship and transformative results.
(678) 780-4242 x100 View (678) 780-4242 x100
Photo of David E Loftis, Psychologist in 30345, GA
David E Loftis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Atlanta, GA 30345
I have been working with people in Atlanta as a licensed clinical psychologist for36years. They may be experiencing anxiety or depression or frustration or anger or even hopelessness. These feelings may be related to issues such as their family of origin, their current relationship, their job, their health, their sexuality or other areas of life. While I have on occasion worked with children and adolescents, I work primarily with adults in individual, couples and group psychotherapy. I find it fulfilling to work with people to make positive changes in their lives.
I have been working with people in Atlanta as a licensed clinical psychologist for36years. They may be experiencing anxiety or depression or frustration or anger or even hopelessness. These feelings may be related to issues such as their family of origin, their current relationship, their job, their health, their sexuality or other areas of life. While I have on occasion worked with children and adolescents, I work primarily with adults in individual, couples and group psychotherapy. I find it fulfilling to work with people to make positive changes in their lives.
(404) 369-5244 View (404) 369-5244
Photo of Adeyemi Green, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 30345, GA
Adeyemi Green
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
My name is Adeyemi Green and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Atlanta, GA and work with clients via telehealth. I specialize in working with clients processing anxiety and depression using both CBT and DBT to help clients process their emotions and get to a healthy place. I have found that my approach is most effective for individuals who are dealing with dynamics in life-related to change and transitions. These problems often present themselves as anxiety and depression.
My name is Adeyemi Green and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Atlanta, GA and work with clients via telehealth. I specialize in working with clients processing anxiety and depression using both CBT and DBT to help clients process their emotions and get to a healthy place. I have found that my approach is most effective for individuals who are dealing with dynamics in life-related to change and transitions. These problems often present themselves as anxiety and depression.
(770) 758-0462 View (770) 758-0462
Photo of Janie B Mardis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 30345, GA
Janie B Mardis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Atlanta, GA 30345
It is human to get lost and feel isolated at times, but from an evolutionary perspective, humans weren't built to heal in isolation. Stress, grief, and life transitions are all normal, but how we navigate them can determine whether anxiety, depression, or isolation follow. My nonjudgmental, research-informed approach supports clients in healing through diligent practice, secure connection, mutual respect, and clear-eyed self-reflection. Clients are safe to explore their full selfhood, to view challenge as a normal part of growth, to learn concrete tools for comfort and safety, and to grow secure and joyous in their authentic selves.
It is human to get lost and feel isolated at times, but from an evolutionary perspective, humans weren't built to heal in isolation. Stress, grief, and life transitions are all normal, but how we navigate them can determine whether anxiety, depression, or isolation follow. My nonjudgmental, research-informed approach supports clients in healing through diligent practice, secure connection, mutual respect, and clear-eyed self-reflection. Clients are safe to explore their full selfhood, to view challenge as a normal part of growth, to learn concrete tools for comfort and safety, and to grow secure and joyous in their authentic selves.
(770) 637-9737 View (770) 637-9737
Photo of Kristy Aspinwall, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Kristy Aspinwall
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MAC, CCTP, CPCS
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Atlanta, GA 30345
Changing your perspective can change your life. Together, we can work to identify and challenge the thought processes that are keeping you stuck in feelings and situations that are no longer acceptable. I work from the basis that you know the solutions, we just need to work together to identify and implement them.
Changing your perspective can change your life. Together, we can work to identify and challenge the thought processes that are keeping you stuck in feelings and situations that are no longer acceptable. I work from the basis that you know the solutions, we just need to work together to identify and implement them.
(678) 257-1004 View (678) 257-1004
Photo of Atia Butts, Pre-Licensed Professional in 30345, GA
Atia Butts
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
Trust. Compassion. Awareness. These words describe my approach to therapy. I assist families/couples, mothers, college students, youth, BIPOC, Latinx, and LGBTQIA+ folks. We help with depression, grief/loss, PTSD, anxiety, and trauma. If you are wrestling with the pressures of life and need a trusted professional to help you walk through some difficult moments, please give us a call.
Trust. Compassion. Awareness. These words describe my approach to therapy. I assist families/couples, mothers, college students, youth, BIPOC, Latinx, and LGBTQIA+ folks. We help with depression, grief/loss, PTSD, anxiety, and trauma. If you are wrestling with the pressures of life and need a trusted professional to help you walk through some difficult moments, please give us a call.
(470) 397-5601 View (470) 397-5601
Photo of The Couples College, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
The Couples College
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CHT, LCSW
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345
Whether you are entering into a serious relationship or have been with your partner for years, Couples College provides support to strengthen your relationship. We offer private marriage counseling, a partner skills-training course and individual counseling. Our work is designed for every age, ability, orientation and relationship stage. Twice a year the Couples College offers "When Love is Not Enough" - a course where couples work together to create a partnership for life. Beginning in September and February every year.
Whether you are entering into a serious relationship or have been with your partner for years, Couples College provides support to strengthen your relationship. We offer private marriage counseling, a partner skills-training course and individual counseling. Our work is designed for every age, ability, orientation and relationship stage. Twice a year the Couples College offers "When Love is Not Enough" - a course where couples work together to create a partnership for life. Beginning in September and February every year.
(404) 445-1232 View (404) 445-1232
Photo of Cleo Browder, Licensed Professional Counselor in 30345, GA
Cleo Browder
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S, NCC, ERPSCC, CEAP
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345  (Online Only)
I believe in promoting healing and healthy mind through effective psychotherapy. Life as magnificent as it is, comes with challenges that can overwhelm an individual to the point where his/her daily functioning is significantly impaired. Psychotherapy provides a means for managing and coping with issues that at some time or another interfere with daily functioning. My goal is to assist individuals with learning how to manage/cope with the challenges presented by life.
I believe in promoting healing and healthy mind through effective psychotherapy. Life as magnificent as it is, comes with challenges that can overwhelm an individual to the point where his/her daily functioning is significantly impaired. Psychotherapy provides a means for managing and coping with issues that at some time or another interfere with daily functioning. My goal is to assist individuals with learning how to manage/cope with the challenges presented by life.
(713) 597-2516 View (713) 597-2516
Photo of Nancy Robinson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 30345, GA
Nancy Robinson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Atlanta, GA 30345  (Online Only)
I provide confidential, easily accessible, quality, Online Therapy (video chat) to individuals, couples, and clinicians from the comfort of your home and I want you to be WELL. I truly believe that wellness won’t happen by accident. Wellness is a state of being healthy in your mind, body, and spirit and is a result of deliberate effort. Because of that I offer deliberate structured, thought provoking, mental health booster sessions and traditional therapy working towards goals you decide, since you are the expert on your life! I implement mindfulness, humor and genuine care and attention to whatever issue you are trying to overcome.
I provide confidential, easily accessible, quality, Online Therapy (video chat) to individuals, couples, and clinicians from the comfort of your home and I want you to be WELL. I truly believe that wellness won’t happen by accident. Wellness is a state of being healthy in your mind, body, and spirit and is a result of deliberate effort. Because of that I offer deliberate structured, thought provoking, mental health booster sessions and traditional therapy working towards goals you decide, since you are the expert on your life! I implement mindfulness, humor and genuine care and attention to whatever issue you are trying to overcome.
(678) 326-4969 View (678) 326-4969

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 30345

100+

Average cost per session

$145

Therapists in 30345 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
75% Self Esteem
72% Relationship Issues
65% Coping Skills
61% Stress
56% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
75% Cigna and Evernorth
72% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 30345 see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 30345?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.