Therapists in 29403

Photo of Jeannine Monnier, Psychologist in 29403, SC
Jeannine Monnier
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
As a clinical psychologist with over twenty years of experience, my goal is to help you discover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. By deciding to engage in therapy, you can move closer to a new you where you feel empowered and on a positive path to growth and well-being. If you're looking to reduce anxiety, to improve mood, for extra support and guidance through a challenging situation or you are ready to move in a new direction in your life, I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
As a clinical psychologist with over twenty years of experience, my goal is to help you discover your true potential and lead a life that is worth celebrating. By deciding to engage in therapy, you can move closer to a new you where you feel empowered and on a positive path to growth and well-being. If you're looking to reduce anxiety, to improve mood, for extra support and guidance through a challenging situation or you are ready to move in a new direction in your life, I look forward to working with you to achieve your goals.
(843) 536-0130 View (843) 536-0130
Photo of Hillary Evans in 29403, SC
Hillary Evans
CHT
2 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Hillary offers a calming, confidential environment built on trust and personalized solutions. She uses hypnosis to help her clients unlock the inner power of their minds to accomplish amazing things - transform emotions, overcome blocks, learn new things, manage pain, and improve wellbeing. Hillary's training enables her to help her clients cope with today's ever-changing, high-pressure world... from transforming anxious feelings, coping with sadness, developing greater self-confidence, to succeed in business, kicking habits and weight loss, to improved personal relationships, and enhanced performance in sports.
Hillary offers a calming, confidential environment built on trust and personalized solutions. She uses hypnosis to help her clients unlock the inner power of their minds to accomplish amazing things - transform emotions, overcome blocks, learn new things, manage pain, and improve wellbeing. Hillary's training enables her to help her clients cope with today's ever-changing, high-pressure world... from transforming anxious feelings, coping with sadness, developing greater self-confidence, to succeed in business, kicking habits and weight loss, to improved personal relationships, and enhanced performance in sports.
(843) 558-8079 View (843) 558-8079
Photo of Emily F. Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 29403, SC
Emily F. Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-CP
Verified
5 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Accepting new clients! People often feel alone with their problems. Friends, family, and/or colleagues may see you in one way, while your private life may be different. You may be unhappy with how life is going generally or with specific things about yourself or your relationships. My practice is designed to help you feel comfortable sharing your troubling issues and encourage you to develop new insights, create strategies to manage stressors and enhance your strengths.
Accepting new clients! People often feel alone with their problems. Friends, family, and/or colleagues may see you in one way, while your private life may be different. You may be unhappy with how life is going generally or with specific things about yourself or your relationships. My practice is designed to help you feel comfortable sharing your troubling issues and encourage you to develop new insights, create strategies to manage stressors and enhance your strengths.
(843) 212-6007 View (843) 212-6007
Photo of Jessica Schwartzkopf, Licensed Professional Counselor in 29403, SC
Jessica Schwartzkopf
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Pursuing counseling can be an intimidating or overwhelming process at times. It may be concern of the unknown or maybe you have not had a positive experience with counseling previously. Seeking support is a courageous act and one grounded in strength. I use humor and a down-to-earth approach to build a non-judgmental therapeutic relationship designed to support you throughout. I focus on issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, stress management and self-esteem.
Pursuing counseling can be an intimidating or overwhelming process at times. It may be concern of the unknown or maybe you have not had a positive experience with counseling previously. Seeking support is a courageous act and one grounded in strength. I use humor and a down-to-earth approach to build a non-judgmental therapeutic relationship designed to support you throughout. I focus on issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, stress management and self-esteem.
(843) 203-9253 View (843) 203-9253
Photo of Carolyn Evans, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 29403, SC
Carolyn Evans
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-CP
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403  (Online Only)
I believe that symptoms are like guideposts, signaling opportunities for growth. Expressed as anxiety, depression or even chronic pain, these unwelcome experiences actually show us where to begin the work of bringing life back into balance. My clients are typically outwardly successful people who seem to be traversing their busy lives with ease, while secretly they struggle with issues like chronic pain, anxiety, depression and disconnection from self and others. I work within a mind-body framework to uncover and heal the root causes of a client's symptoms so that they can experience lasting relief.
I believe that symptoms are like guideposts, signaling opportunities for growth. Expressed as anxiety, depression or even chronic pain, these unwelcome experiences actually show us where to begin the work of bringing life back into balance. My clients are typically outwardly successful people who seem to be traversing their busy lives with ease, while secretly they struggle with issues like chronic pain, anxiety, depression and disconnection from self and others. I work within a mind-body framework to uncover and heal the root causes of a client's symptoms so that they can experience lasting relief.
(843) 279-8567 View (843) 279-8567
Photo of Brooklyn Milner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 29403, SC
Brooklyn Milner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-CP
Verified
5 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Charleston, SC Therapist. Life can be hard and you don't have to do it alone. Creating time and space for yourself through a strong therapeutic relationship can help you gain a greater sense of self, your relationships and your values. We will work together to understand your defense mechanisms, underlying beliefs, emotional reactions and ultimately, to create a healthier relationship with yourself and the people you care about.
Charleston, SC Therapist. Life can be hard and you don't have to do it alone. Creating time and space for yourself through a strong therapeutic relationship can help you gain a greater sense of self, your relationships and your values. We will work together to understand your defense mechanisms, underlying beliefs, emotional reactions and ultimately, to create a healthier relationship with yourself and the people you care about.
(843) 920-6401 View (843) 920-6401
Photo of Eric Sullivan, Licensed Professional Counselor in 29403, SC
Eric Sullivan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMFT
Verified
8 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403  (Online Only)
I'm a proud gay person who helps LGBTQ+ people level up their mental health. You're tired of feeling stuck and are over day-dreaming about how things could be better for you without any actual progress. You value therapy as an essential part of your self-care (same here - I love my therapist) and are here for the built-in support and accountability. You’re ready to push past fear and take action because you know you have the power to create an amazing life, and I can help you get there. Having directly counseled hundreds of Queer people, I'm forever on a mission to elevate our community, and I want to partner with you next!
I'm a proud gay person who helps LGBTQ+ people level up their mental health. You're tired of feeling stuck and are over day-dreaming about how things could be better for you without any actual progress. You value therapy as an essential part of your self-care (same here - I love my therapist) and are here for the built-in support and accountability. You’re ready to push past fear and take action because you know you have the power to create an amazing life, and I can help you get there. Having directly counseled hundreds of Queer people, I'm forever on a mission to elevate our community, and I want to partner with you next!
(843) 226-7476 View (843) 226-7476
Photo of Madeline Fellabom, Licensed Professional Counselor in 29403, SC
Madeline Fellabom
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
7 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Currently accepting new clients! As a therapist, my engaging approach will support, encourage, and challenge you. I passionately believe that through collaboration, we will reflect on your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors and identify your blind spots and pain points. Understanding the way you were raised and relationship dynamics from an early age can help you become self-aware and make connections to how you are relating with others in your life. This increased self-awareness will be our starting point. With my support, you will use your insights to redirect your life to achieve self acceptance and the inner-peace you seek.
Currently accepting new clients! As a therapist, my engaging approach will support, encourage, and challenge you. I passionately believe that through collaboration, we will reflect on your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors and identify your blind spots and pain points. Understanding the way you were raised and relationship dynamics from an early age can help you become self-aware and make connections to how you are relating with others in your life. This increased self-awareness will be our starting point. With my support, you will use your insights to redirect your life to achieve self acceptance and the inner-peace you seek.
(843) 459-7157 View (843) 459-7157
Photo of Ward Lassoe, Licensed Professional Counselor in 29403, SC
Ward Lassoe
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
My sense of humor is big part part of my counseling style. I take my work with clients seriously, but there are times when therapy needs to include some humor. In addition to counseling, I also provide life coaching for clients who want to make changes but aren't sure where to start. I work particularly well with clients who are nervous or skeptical about the idea of counseling. I realize that therapy can be a significant expense, so I run my practice as efficiently as possible. All scheduling, forms, notes, and billing are online, so we can make the best use of our time together.
My sense of humor is big part part of my counseling style. I take my work with clients seriously, but there are times when therapy needs to include some humor. In addition to counseling, I also provide life coaching for clients who want to make changes but aren't sure where to start. I work particularly well with clients who are nervous or skeptical about the idea of counseling. I realize that therapy can be a significant expense, so I run my practice as efficiently as possible. All scheduling, forms, notes, and billing are online, so we can make the best use of our time together.
(843) 628-4636 View (843) 628-4636
Photo of Lorna Boyer Chase, Marriage & Family Therapist in 29403, SC
Lorna Boyer Chase
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
I strongly believe in the inherent wholeness of every individual. I work with individuals and couples who are seeking to reclaim their joy, sense of peace, creativity, greater health, and move towards the life that they envision. My clients include professionals, college students, and other therapists who want to work on concerns such as anxiety, depression, relationship discord, trauma and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, parenting issues, workplace difficulties, chronic illness, and loss. My approach is compassionate, collaborative, strength-focused, and integrative.
I strongly believe in the inherent wholeness of every individual. I work with individuals and couples who are seeking to reclaim their joy, sense of peace, creativity, greater health, and move towards the life that they envision. My clients include professionals, college students, and other therapists who want to work on concerns such as anxiety, depression, relationship discord, trauma and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, parenting issues, workplace difficulties, chronic illness, and loss. My approach is compassionate, collaborative, strength-focused, and integrative.
(315) 737-6746 View (315) 737-6746
Photo of Jennifer A Bennice, Psychologist in 29403, SC
Jennifer A Bennice
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
Research indicates that women suffer from depression, anxiety, and eating disorders at disproportionate rates. Many women endure perhaps the most intense form of stress--interpersonal trauma ( e.g., rape, domestic violence, child abuse). An even larger proportion of women experience chronic high levels of stress, as they attempt to balance their responsibilities as professionals and their roles as mothers, wives, and daughters.
Research indicates that women suffer from depression, anxiety, and eating disorders at disproportionate rates. Many women endure perhaps the most intense form of stress--interpersonal trauma ( e.g., rape, domestic violence, child abuse). An even larger proportion of women experience chronic high levels of stress, as they attempt to balance their responsibilities as professionals and their roles as mothers, wives, and daughters.
(843) 419-7169 View (843) 419-7169
Photo of Amanda Cosby, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 29403, SC
Amanda Cosby
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403  (Online Only)
I understand that the journey towards self-discovery and self-acceptance can be challenging, and I am here to help you navigate through these obstacles. As a therapist inside the LGBTQ+ community, working with me can be powerful in giving you the space to share and explore your truth. I will accept your most authentic self. My goal is to create a non-judgmental and inclusive environment where you can feel comfortable expressing yourself. Together, we can work towards building a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling future.
I understand that the journey towards self-discovery and self-acceptance can be challenging, and I am here to help you navigate through these obstacles. As a therapist inside the LGBTQ+ community, working with me can be powerful in giving you the space to share and explore your truth. I will accept your most authentic self. My goal is to create a non-judgmental and inclusive environment where you can feel comfortable expressing yourself. Together, we can work towards building a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling future.
(803) 974-8071 View (803) 974-8071
Photo of Emmie Mai, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 29403, SC
Emmie Mai
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA, LPC-A
Verified
15 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
You strive to be the best, the best partner, the best parent, the best at the office, but you always feel like you fall short. Will life always be like this? Chaotic. Exhausting. Endless to-do lists. Despite your best efforts, there never seems to be enough time in the day. After caring for so many others in your life, you struggle to care for yourself. You're constantly running on empty. Although you recognize the patterns in your life you don't want to repeat, you can't seem to stop the cycle. In the past, you've tried to make changes on your own, but nothing works long-term. You're stuck and not sure what to do next.
You strive to be the best, the best partner, the best parent, the best at the office, but you always feel like you fall short. Will life always be like this? Chaotic. Exhausting. Endless to-do lists. Despite your best efforts, there never seems to be enough time in the day. After caring for so many others in your life, you struggle to care for yourself. You're constantly running on empty. Although you recognize the patterns in your life you don't want to repeat, you can't seem to stop the cycle. In the past, you've tried to make changes on your own, but nothing works long-term. You're stuck and not sure what to do next.
(843) 896-3420 View (843) 896-3420
Photo of Richard Lackey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 29403, SC
Richard Lackey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-CP, LAC, CACII
Verified
1 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Not accepting new clients
Change is rarely easy and having the right tools can make all the difference. I work with adults, couples, and families with the goal of helping design the life you want. I work to provide a safe space with the support and tools you need to become more yourself, accomplish your goals, and move forward. I aim to help people get more of what they want out of life, focusing on real world positive changes with managing stress, building healthy relationships, improving overall health and well-being, and being confident and comfortable dealing with the unexpected in life.
Change is rarely easy and having the right tools can make all the difference. I work with adults, couples, and families with the goal of helping design the life you want. I work to provide a safe space with the support and tools you need to become more yourself, accomplish your goals, and move forward. I aim to help people get more of what they want out of life, focusing on real world positive changes with managing stress, building healthy relationships, improving overall health and well-being, and being confident and comfortable dealing with the unexpected in life.
(412) 246-9745 View (412) 246-9745
Photo of Samantha Rukavina, Licensed Professional Counselor in 29403, SC
Samantha Rukavina
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
As a therapist, I deeply enjoy walking alongside individuals and couples as they pursue healing and navigate the many challenges of life. I am passionate about holistic wellness and strive to create a safe and accepting place for my clients as they seek mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical health. I believe that every client is beautifully and uniquely diverse, and I value the opportunity to partner with them as they pursue healing in all areas of their lives.
As a therapist, I deeply enjoy walking alongside individuals and couples as they pursue healing and navigate the many challenges of life. I am passionate about holistic wellness and strive to create a safe and accepting place for my clients as they seek mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical health. I believe that every client is beautifully and uniquely diverse, and I value the opportunity to partner with them as they pursue healing in all areas of their lives.
(843) 279-5745 View (843) 279-5745
Photo of Lair Torrent, Marriage & Family Therapist in 29403, SC
Lair Torrent
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PC
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
I work from a nonjudgmental model where all are welcome. I help people that are struggling find happiness. My job is to make my job obsolete. I offer the tools to help reach goals, to heal from trauma, deal with pain, beat depression and fix relationships. I don't sell the 50 minutes a week that most therapists give you, I'm selling a practice life. It's not just the time we spend in session, it's also about the time between sessions. I have found that working this way moves the process of therapy forward and catalyzes healing.
I work from a nonjudgmental model where all are welcome. I help people that are struggling find happiness. My job is to make my job obsolete. I offer the tools to help reach goals, to heal from trauma, deal with pain, beat depression and fix relationships. I don't sell the 50 minutes a week that most therapists give you, I'm selling a practice life. It's not just the time we spend in session, it's also about the time between sessions. I have found that working this way moves the process of therapy forward and catalyzes healing.
(917) 746-7527 View (917) 746-7527
Photo of Michelle Leach, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 29403, SC
Michelle Leach
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MEd, MS, LPCA
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
I am so glad you're here! My name is Michelle and I specialize in Sex Therapy. Pretty wild, I know. While I understand that not everyone has sexual concerns and questions, our mental health can be greatly affected by sex and sexuality; whether you're having it or not. I believe sex is a big part of the human experience and we need safe, positive and affirming professionals to talk to about it. I like to take a collaborative approach to therapy to help you identify what your goals are to achieving sexual wellness. I am trained first and foremost as a mental health professional but for those needing help with sexual issues, I am here.
I am so glad you're here! My name is Michelle and I specialize in Sex Therapy. Pretty wild, I know. While I understand that not everyone has sexual concerns and questions, our mental health can be greatly affected by sex and sexuality; whether you're having it or not. I believe sex is a big part of the human experience and we need safe, positive and affirming professionals to talk to about it. I like to take a collaborative approach to therapy to help you identify what your goals are to achieving sexual wellness. I am trained first and foremost as a mental health professional but for those needing help with sexual issues, I am here.
(843) 427-3559 View (843) 427-3559
Photo of Marjorie J Avent, LPC Intern in 29403, SC
Marjorie J Avent
LPC Intern, EdS, LPC-A, CDWF
Verified
4 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Accepting New Clients. So, you’ve decided to ask for support. The first step takes courage, and you made it! You’re well on your way to moving yourself up on your priority list. Maybe like many of my clients, you’re struggling with anxious thoughts or depression. Maybe you’ve put everyone else’s needs ahead of your own for so long, you’ve forgotten how to be kind to yourself. Maybe your inner critic has gotten so loud, you’ve started to believe the worst about who you are. Whatever is bringing you to therapy, I'm here to help.
Accepting New Clients. So, you’ve decided to ask for support. The first step takes courage, and you made it! You’re well on your way to moving yourself up on your priority list. Maybe like many of my clients, you’re struggling with anxious thoughts or depression. Maybe you’ve put everyone else’s needs ahead of your own for so long, you’ve forgotten how to be kind to yourself. Maybe your inner critic has gotten so loud, you’ve started to believe the worst about who you are. Whatever is bringing you to therapy, I'm here to help.
(843) 242-0627 View (843) 242-0627
Photo of Ben Kettering, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in 29403, SC
Ben Kettering
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, LPCA, MA, MSEd
Verified
2 Endorsed
Charleston, SC 29403
Successful therapy thrives on trust. I offer an empathic space where clients can genuinely explore feelings and experiences. Initiating this journey might be daunting, but with mutual openness, a dash of humor, and commitment, my clients and I often forge a meaningful connection quickly.
Successful therapy thrives on trust. I offer an empathic space where clients can genuinely explore feelings and experiences. Initiating this journey might be daunting, but with mutual openness, a dash of humor, and commitment, my clients and I often forge a meaningful connection quickly.
(843) 968-0332 View (843) 968-0332
Photo of Sanford Cassel, Psychologist in 29403, SC
Sanford Cassel
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Charleston, SC 29403
I am committed to helping children, adolescents and adults clarify, and remove impediments to realizing, their dreams and desires. My goal is to help you feel heard and respected. I work with you to develop your unique, effective voice. We work together to agree upon, and implement, techniques aimed at achieving your goals. When necessary, we also create, and practice, concrete strategies to advocate for your own interests, within the context of family, relationship and/or work conflict.
I am committed to helping children, adolescents and adults clarify, and remove impediments to realizing, their dreams and desires. My goal is to help you feel heard and respected. I work with you to develop your unique, effective voice. We work together to agree upon, and implement, techniques aimed at achieving your goals. When necessary, we also create, and practice, concrete strategies to advocate for your own interests, within the context of family, relationship and/or work conflict.
(843) 790-5815 View (843) 790-5815

See more therapy options for 29403

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 29403

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 29403 who prioritize treating:

94% Depression
94% Anxiety
79% Relationship Issues
77% Life Transitions
76% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% BlueCross and BlueShield
67% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
65% Aetna

How Therapists in 29403 see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 29403?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.