Therapists in 23693

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Photo of David B Shaw, Psychologist in 23693, VA
David B Shaw
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
NOW OFFERING VIDEO VISITS!! Are you anxious, scared to go out shopping? Do you find yourself doing things over and over again just to calm yourself down? Have you had difficulty recovering from a trauma? How about that ringing in your ears that won't seem to go away? These are just a few of the problems I treat. I specialize in anxiety disorders, and have helped hundreds to reduce and eliminate panic attacks. I have also helped many phobia suffers and was filmed for a segment of Animal Planet about animal phobias.
NOW OFFERING VIDEO VISITS!! Are you anxious, scared to go out shopping? Do you find yourself doing things over and over again just to calm yourself down? Have you had difficulty recovering from a trauma? How about that ringing in your ears that won't seem to go away? These are just a few of the problems I treat. I specialize in anxiety disorders, and have helped hundreds to reduce and eliminate panic attacks. I have also helped many phobia suffers and was filmed for a segment of Animal Planet about animal phobias.
(757) 788-9141 View (757) 788-9141
Photo of Alyssa Brungot, Pre-Licensed Professional in 23693, VA
Alyssa Brungot
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693
I enjoy working alongside my clients in a collaborative manor in order to help clients reach their goals inside and outside of therapy sessions. I offer a nonjudgmental and supportive space in order for clients to feel comfortable being their true and authentic selves. I have had experience working with issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationships, and overall self-discovery. I've also had experience working with athletes on issues such as identity, performance, nutrition, stress, and injury. I adapt to each individual client in order to meet them where they're at so they feel comfortable and understood.
I enjoy working alongside my clients in a collaborative manor in order to help clients reach their goals inside and outside of therapy sessions. I offer a nonjudgmental and supportive space in order for clients to feel comfortable being their true and authentic selves. I have had experience working with issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationships, and overall self-discovery. I've also had experience working with athletes on issues such as identity, performance, nutrition, stress, and injury. I adapt to each individual client in order to meet them where they're at so they feel comfortable and understood.
(757) 703-7984 View (757) 703-7984
Photo of TMTSonline.com, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
TMTSonline.com
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
You may feel desperate, alone, and misunderstood. You feel like you are floating in the bottom of a lake and cannot see the light above you. Everyday, you feel like you are just going through the motions. If this describes you, then I may be the therapist for you. In my ten years of experience, I have helped people like you reach their potential and achieve the recovery that they needed. There is no set system or quick fix as others may promise, but I will walk down the road with you. My online practice provides care anywhere you are, in the comfort of your own environment.
You may feel desperate, alone, and misunderstood. You feel like you are floating in the bottom of a lake and cannot see the light above you. Everyday, you feel like you are just going through the motions. If this describes you, then I may be the therapist for you. In my ten years of experience, I have helped people like you reach their potential and achieve the recovery that they needed. There is no set system or quick fix as others may promise, but I will walk down the road with you. My online practice provides care anywhere you are, in the comfort of your own environment.
(757) 690-2778 View (757) 690-2778
Photo of LifeM8Z Life Coach/Marriage & Relationship Mentors in 23693, VA
LifeM8Z Life Coach/Marriage & Relationship Mentors
BA, MS, CPLC
Yorktown, VA 23693
We have accumulated over 50 years experience in Crisis Intervention Centers, Marriage Enrichment, and Marriage Ministries. Michael served 27 years in the U.S. Air Force before retiring as a Colonel. As a supportive Air Force Wife, Myra held diverse roles as a Child Caregiver, Pre-School Teacher, Mortgage Loan Processor, and Executive Administrative Assistant. Our 27 year military career uniquely qualifies us to help couples address the demands, challenges, and stresses military marriages and families endure. We've overcome many of the same challenges as you. Allow us to guide you in overcoming your issues, challenges, and conflicts.
We have accumulated over 50 years experience in Crisis Intervention Centers, Marriage Enrichment, and Marriage Ministries. Michael served 27 years in the U.S. Air Force before retiring as a Colonel. As a supportive Air Force Wife, Myra held diverse roles as a Child Caregiver, Pre-School Teacher, Mortgage Loan Processor, and Executive Administrative Assistant. Our 27 year military career uniquely qualifies us to help couples address the demands, challenges, and stresses military marriages and families endure. We've overcome many of the same challenges as you. Allow us to guide you in overcoming your issues, challenges, and conflicts.
(757) 663-5327 View (757) 663-5327
Photo of LaDrena Martin, Pre-Licensed Professional in 23693, VA
LaDrena Martin
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693
My goal to is to meet clients where they are and facilitate healing one step at a time. I use a person-centered approach to therapy to help create a comfortable atmosphere. I have experience working with children, teens, families, and young adults and am currently accepting clients ages 10 and up. I have a special interest disordered eating, anxiety, ADHD, depression, and mood disorders.
My goal to is to meet clients where they are and facilitate healing one step at a time. I use a person-centered approach to therapy to help create a comfortable atmosphere. I have experience working with children, teens, families, and young adults and am currently accepting clients ages 10 and up. I have a special interest disordered eating, anxiety, ADHD, depression, and mood disorders.
(757) 992-9291 View (757) 992-9291
Photo of Dr. Jill Nardin - Free Spirit Counseling And Collaborative, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Dr. Jill Nardin - Free Spirit Counseling And Collaborative
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, CCMHC, ACS
Verified
5 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693
Waitlist for new clients
If you are seeking to work through issues that are hindering your life balance, counseling is a great tool. I consider it an honor and a privilege to be part of this growth process in one's life. Everyone is an individual, so I don't use a "cookie cutter" approach with my clients. I learn who you are through building a relationship with you and then I determine the best approach to help you. My clients regularly tell me how much they appreciate how I listen and work through their challenges with them, and they tell their friends about me. The best compliment I receive is getting their referrals.
If you are seeking to work through issues that are hindering your life balance, counseling is a great tool. I consider it an honor and a privilege to be part of this growth process in one's life. Everyone is an individual, so I don't use a "cookie cutter" approach with my clients. I learn who you are through building a relationship with you and then I determine the best approach to help you. My clients regularly tell me how much they appreciate how I listen and work through their challenges with them, and they tell their friends about me. The best compliment I receive is getting their referrals.
(757) 351-4929 View (757) 351-4929
Photo of Michael P Morgan, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Michael P Morgan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
I offer compassionate care to those experiencing emotional or psychological distress. I have a wide-ranging and diverse background that provides a unique perspective from which to address a variety of client needs.
I offer compassionate care to those experiencing emotional or psychological distress. I have a wide-ranging and diverse background that provides a unique perspective from which to address a variety of client needs.
(757) 785-9878 View (757) 785-9878
Photo of Leanne Langlands - Free Spirit Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Leanne Langlands - Free Spirit Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am currently on maternity leave until April. It is my belief that the effects of therapy flourish even after the session is over, as you can continue using a reflective lens to think about, talk about, and express your feelings in all areas of your life. Therapy can provide you with a new perspective, help alleviate physical symptoms, and prepare you for future curve balls by teaching you life long coping skills. With all that is going on in the world, we could all use a listening ear and non-judgemental, unbiased support. You have nothing to lose by spending this time on yourself.
I am currently on maternity leave until April. It is my belief that the effects of therapy flourish even after the session is over, as you can continue using a reflective lens to think about, talk about, and express your feelings in all areas of your life. Therapy can provide you with a new perspective, help alleviate physical symptoms, and prepare you for future curve balls by teaching you life long coping skills. With all that is going on in the world, we could all use a listening ear and non-judgemental, unbiased support. You have nothing to lose by spending this time on yourself.
(757) 702-5065 View (757) 702-5065
Photo of James R. Jackson, Pastoral Counselor in 23693, VA
James R. Jackson
Pastoral Counselor, PhD, MA, QMHP-A, QMHP-C
Yorktown, VA 23693
Clients come to me in trying times for help dealing with issues like depression, grief, anger and marriage issues. I don't see myself as the "expert" who is going to provide all the "answers" but I do promise to walk with my clients as they address the issues we identify together that they want to in therapy. I am comfortable working one on one, or with couples and families from age 6 to adults. I'm also a Pastor and a Chaplain so I have been theologically trained and can explore spiritual issues and crises as a pastoral counselor.
Clients come to me in trying times for help dealing with issues like depression, grief, anger and marriage issues. I don't see myself as the "expert" who is going to provide all the "answers" but I do promise to walk with my clients as they address the issues we identify together that they want to in therapy. I am comfortable working one on one, or with couples and families from age 6 to adults. I'm also a Pastor and a Chaplain so I have been theologically trained and can explore spiritual issues and crises as a pastoral counselor.
(757) 210-5952 View (757) 210-5952
Photo of Family Care Transitions LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 23693, VA
Family Care Transitions LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693
Family Care Transitions, LLC is located in the Yorktown, VA area. However, we service all of Hampton Roads. Family Care transitions can meet you at the place of your choice to include virtual or a home visit. I am the owner and Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience in the health care arena. Our team will provide consultation and support on ways for you and/or your family to manage and navigate your health care needs.
Family Care Transitions, LLC is located in the Yorktown, VA area. However, we service all of Hampton Roads. Family Care transitions can meet you at the place of your choice to include virtual or a home visit. I am the owner and Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 20 years of experience in the health care arena. Our team will provide consultation and support on ways for you and/or your family to manage and navigate your health care needs.
(757) 866-3537 View (757) 866-3537
Photo of Lauri R Stoltzfus, Counselor in 23693, VA
Lauri R Stoltzfus
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients! Welcome to my page. Do you feel suck in patterns you can't change? The most important part of counseling is the relationship between counselor and client. I foster that relationship by creating a collaborative, warm, and comfortable environment where you can focus on what you need to. Utilizing an open-minded approach, I address the whole person by using modalities of treatment that fit individual client needs. I see my role as your counselor is to give you the space to navigate through life's stressors, reprocess distressing experiences, and increase self-awareness.
Accepting new clients! Welcome to my page. Do you feel suck in patterns you can't change? The most important part of counseling is the relationship between counselor and client. I foster that relationship by creating a collaborative, warm, and comfortable environment where you can focus on what you need to. Utilizing an open-minded approach, I address the whole person by using modalities of treatment that fit individual client needs. I see my role as your counselor is to give you the space to navigate through life's stressors, reprocess distressing experiences, and increase self-awareness.
(757) 600-0372 View (757) 600-0372
Photo of Gwen Mbuvi, Marriage & Family Therapist in 23693, VA
Gwen Mbuvi
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
I love working with individuals, couples and families who are motivated for change, as I believe that I have been called into the helping profession. I utilize an eclectic approach in treatment, which means that I meet you where you are and together, we determine the best way to treat you.
I love working with individuals, couples and families who are motivated for change, as I believe that I have been called into the helping profession. I utilize an eclectic approach in treatment, which means that I meet you where you are and together, we determine the best way to treat you.
(757) 231-3249 View (757) 231-3249
Photo of Free Spirit Counseling and Collaborative, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Free Spirit Counseling and Collaborative
Licensed Professional Counselor, Lynn, Bañez, PhD, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
If you're struggling with life's challenges or you're feeling distressed, hopeless, anxious, lonely, frustrated, misunderstood, sad, or angry. I am here to help you. I am here to listen, support, and guide you in addressing the issues that you feel are hindering you from fully succeeding or engaging in life and in your relationships. You are the expert in you and you're seeking help to change and grow in order to reach your life's goals, to fully engage in your life, and to improve relationships with yourself and others. Your unique story is the map from which we will work together. I have immediate openings for video sessions.
If you're struggling with life's challenges or you're feeling distressed, hopeless, anxious, lonely, frustrated, misunderstood, sad, or angry. I am here to help you. I am here to listen, support, and guide you in addressing the issues that you feel are hindering you from fully succeeding or engaging in life and in your relationships. You are the expert in you and you're seeking help to change and grow in order to reach your life's goals, to fully engage in your life, and to improve relationships with yourself and others. Your unique story is the map from which we will work together. I have immediate openings for video sessions.
(757) 654-2616 View (757) 654-2616
Photo of Ellie Mental Health - Yorktown: Kiln Creek, VA, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Ellie Mental Health - Yorktown: Kiln Creek, VA
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LSATP, CSAC, NCC
Verified
Yorktown, VA 23693
We are here to help anyone suffering from any form of Mental Health disorder. Our mission is to compassionately transform the culture of mental health care by providing creative solutions for the needs of our communities. We do that with Humor, Compassion and Authenticity! We believe that struggling with mental health is 100% normal. Some days are great, and some days make you wish you could dig yourself into a hole and hide from it all. Everyone has those days (even your therapist). Let us support you through all of those days!
We are here to help anyone suffering from any form of Mental Health disorder. Our mission is to compassionately transform the culture of mental health care by providing creative solutions for the needs of our communities. We do that with Humor, Compassion and Authenticity! We believe that struggling with mental health is 100% normal. Some days are great, and some days make you wish you could dig yourself into a hole and hide from it all. Everyone has those days (even your therapist). Let us support you through all of those days!
(757) 231-3835 x104 View (757) 231-3835 x104
Photo of Dr. Nicola Hall, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Dr. Nicola Hall
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Dr. Hall is available for telehealth appointments now! Receive services from a Licensed Professional Counselor who gears every session to meet your needs. Whether you are struggling with work, personal relationships, or are looking for support to navigate a challenging situation, I will encourage you every step of the way. Each session will focus on your priorities to ensure you make progress and experience the change you are striving for.
Dr. Hall is available for telehealth appointments now! Receive services from a Licensed Professional Counselor who gears every session to meet your needs. Whether you are struggling with work, personal relationships, or are looking for support to navigate a challenging situation, I will encourage you every step of the way. Each session will focus on your priorities to ensure you make progress and experience the change you are striving for.
(757) 876-4946 View (757) 876-4946
Photo of Kimberly Grebb, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Kimberly Grebb
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, RPT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Hello, I’m glad you’re here! I specialize in prenatal, postpartum and maternal mental health and have advanced training in treating Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders (PMADs). I am passionate about women's wellness and aim to help women of all ages and mothers regain a sense of connection, joy, and self amid all of life's ups and downs. My goal is to help women feel empowered and confident in motherhood, relationships, work and in life.
Hello, I’m glad you’re here! I specialize in prenatal, postpartum and maternal mental health and have advanced training in treating Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders (PMADs). I am passionate about women's wellness and aim to help women of all ages and mothers regain a sense of connection, joy, and self amid all of life's ups and downs. My goal is to help women feel empowered and confident in motherhood, relationships, work and in life.
(843) 396-3641 View (843) 396-3641
Photo of Sarah P. Parks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 23693, VA
Sarah P. Parks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693
Not accepting new clients
Counseling is an opportunity to walk alongside someone struggling with issues that are common to humans, but impacting them in a particular way. I consider it an honor to be invited into another's thought life and I seek to offer perspective, provide encouragement, and nurture growth through difficult circumstances. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Virginia and have additional training in biblical counseling from the Christian Counseling and Educational Foundation (ccef.org). I have 17 years of clinical social work experience.
Counseling is an opportunity to walk alongside someone struggling with issues that are common to humans, but impacting them in a particular way. I consider it an honor to be invited into another's thought life and I seek to offer perspective, provide encouragement, and nurture growth through difficult circumstances. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Virginia and have additional training in biblical counseling from the Christian Counseling and Educational Foundation (ccef.org). I have 17 years of clinical social work experience.
(757) 301-5838 View (757) 301-5838
Photo of Engedi Therapy Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Engedi Therapy Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, , LPC, ADC, SAP
Verified
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Have you experienced problems at work, in your relationship or have trouble sleeping because you have a lot on your mind? There's a lot of moving parts in our lives that can cause feelings of being overwhelmed and emotionally drained. I can help you with reaching your goals to become less stress and manage your emotions. Today is the day to make the choice to work toward being emotionally and mentally healthy. Allow me to assist you with a person centered approach that will assist with improving your current situation.
Have you experienced problems at work, in your relationship or have trouble sleeping because you have a lot on your mind? There's a lot of moving parts in our lives that can cause feelings of being overwhelmed and emotionally drained. I can help you with reaching your goals to become less stress and manage your emotions. Today is the day to make the choice to work toward being emotionally and mentally healthy. Allow me to assist you with a person centered approach that will assist with improving your current situation.
(757) 693-4565 View (757) 693-4565
Photo of Healing & ReStoryed, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 23693, VA
Healing & ReStoryed, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NBCC, NGH
Verified
3 Endorsed
Yorktown, VA 23693  (Online Only)
Hi there, I'm Twaina Carpenter. My approach to counseling is to actively listen in order to connect with each person on a personal level to get to know them and create a safe space for them to share their dis-ease. Then we, as a team, work on healing those wounds created from past experiences. I approach psychotherapy from a person-centered, supportive role. My main role working with clients is awareness of their behaviors, emotions, and thoughts, assisting them to come off of automatic programming, causing much dis-ease. Come learn how to walk as a Thriver, not just a Survivor!
Hi there, I'm Twaina Carpenter. My approach to counseling is to actively listen in order to connect with each person on a personal level to get to know them and create a safe space for them to share their dis-ease. Then we, as a team, work on healing those wounds created from past experiences. I approach psychotherapy from a person-centered, supportive role. My main role working with clients is awareness of their behaviors, emotions, and thoughts, assisting them to come off of automatic programming, causing much dis-ease. Come learn how to walk as a Thriver, not just a Survivor!
(540) 712-6023 View (540) 712-6023
Photo of Dr. Sarah Gauthier, Psychologist in 23693, VA
Dr. Sarah Gauthier
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Yorktown, VA 23693
Throughout our lifetime, we experience difficulties and struggles that can feel overwhelming. My clients experience low mood, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and mood disorders; sometimes they have found ways to manage their distress through self-harming or disordered eating behaviors. These struggles also impact family life, relationships and education or work. I work in a compassionate and motivated manner to understand each individual's unique experience and to develop a therapeutic approach that enhances skills and coping. I draw from a range of approaches to create a therapeutic plan that is unique to each person.
Throughout our lifetime, we experience difficulties and struggles that can feel overwhelming. My clients experience low mood, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and mood disorders; sometimes they have found ways to manage their distress through self-harming or disordered eating behaviors. These struggles also impact family life, relationships and education or work. I work in a compassionate and motivated manner to understand each individual's unique experience and to develop a therapeutic approach that enhances skills and coping. I draw from a range of approaches to create a therapeutic plan that is unique to each person.
(757) 350-8924 View (757) 350-8924

See more therapy options for 23693

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 23693

30+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in 23693 who prioritize treating:

84% Depression
84% Anxiety
78% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Self Esteem
63% Stress

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Aetna
81% BlueCross and BlueShield
81% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 23693 see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 23693?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.