Photo of undefined - Warrior Psychotherapy Services, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Warrior Psychotherapy Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Front Royal, VA 22630
Not accepting new clients
We offer services therapy services using CBT therapy addressing symptoms of anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress, irritability, insomnia, difficulty connecting to others, chronic pain, guilt, shame / betrayal, hypervigilance, difficulty concentrating, struggle with stress and difficulty with expressing positive emotions.
We offer services therapy services using CBT therapy addressing symptoms of anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress, irritability, insomnia, difficulty connecting to others, chronic pain, guilt, shame / betrayal, hypervigilance, difficulty concentrating, struggle with stress and difficulty with expressing positive emotions.
(540) 253-1922 View (540) 253-1922
Photo of undefined - Veritas Counseling , MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Veritas Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Break Free from sadness and stress! Veritas Counseling is a general counseling practice treating many of life's issues: anxiety, depression, couples counseling, family therapy, postpartum, child behaviors, parent coaching, trauma, PTSD, autism, ADHD, stress management, grief, death, and career counseling.  We do not participate with any insurance companies, but we will give you a detailed receipt to submit to your insurance for reimbursement of fees. We also accept all HSA/FSA funds, so if you have HSA money saved you can use it for counseling! Upon client request we also offer Catholic and Christian counseling.
Break Free from sadness and stress! Veritas Counseling is a general counseling practice treating many of life's issues: anxiety, depression, couples counseling, family therapy, postpartum, child behaviors, parent coaching, trauma, PTSD, autism, ADHD, stress management, grief, death, and career counseling.  We do not participate with any insurance companies, but we will give you a detailed receipt to submit to your insurance for reimbursement of fees. We also accept all HSA/FSA funds, so if you have HSA money saved you can use it for counseling! Upon client request we also offer Catholic and Christian counseling.
(540) 305-8569 View (540) 305-8569
Photo of Jeffrey Rodman, LPC, LSATP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jeffrey Rodman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LSATP
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
I take a holistic and integrative approach to therapy which involves integrating various elements of different theories and practice. I lean most heavily on approaches focused on how people’s thinking can change feelings and behaviors while also implementing an approach focused on helping clients achieve their highest potential. Instead of energy spent on the past or negative behaviors, I emphasize the goodness in clients and work toward growth and self-actualization. I also use approaches oriented toward problem-solving including Hypnotherapy, NLP Brain Training, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), Coaching, and EMDR therapy.
I take a holistic and integrative approach to therapy which involves integrating various elements of different theories and practice. I lean most heavily on approaches focused on how people’s thinking can change feelings and behaviors while also implementing an approach focused on helping clients achieve their highest potential. Instead of energy spent on the past or negative behaviors, I emphasize the goodness in clients and work toward growth and self-actualization. I also use approaches oriented toward problem-solving including Hypnotherapy, NLP Brain Training, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), Coaching, and EMDR therapy.
(540) 235-5793 View (540) 235-5793
Photo of John Raymond, DMin, MA, MS, LPC, LCMHC, Licensed Professional Counselor
John Raymond
Licensed Professional Counselor, DMin, MA, MS, LPC, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
I am amazed by the stories I hear in my office. People have such interesting, encouraging and traumatic stories to tell. I help people explore their stories, heal, and grow within them. My approach goes beyond the relief of distressing symptoms to help you thrive as an individual and within relationships. Call me and let's get started exploring your life, finding your strengths, and dealing with unpleasant memories. Let's start the changes you wish to make to better yourself and your relationships.
I am amazed by the stories I hear in my office. People have such interesting, encouraging and traumatic stories to tell. I help people explore their stories, heal, and grow within them. My approach goes beyond the relief of distressing symptoms to help you thrive as an individual and within relationships. Call me and let's get started exploring your life, finding your strengths, and dealing with unpleasant memories. Let's start the changes you wish to make to better yourself and your relationships.
(540) 755-4898 View (540) 755-4898
Photo of Stacey Philpot Of Life Repair Center, LPC, NCC, CRC, CCTP-II
Stacey Philpot Of Life Repair Center
LPC, NCC, CRC, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Finding a therapist can be a daunting task and I am happy to answer questions along the way that might help you through the process. Joining with clients embarking on a path towards wholeness is one of my greatest joys! I use both values-based and strengths-based approaches, which allow me to meet you where you are and build a relationship while addressing your goals. I weave in CBT techniques, motivational interviewing skills, and humanistic interventions to help you move forward on your path. It is my hope that each individual I work with will find greater health and wholeness as we work together through their therapeutic journey.
Finding a therapist can be a daunting task and I am happy to answer questions along the way that might help you through the process. Joining with clients embarking on a path towards wholeness is one of my greatest joys! I use both values-based and strengths-based approaches, which allow me to meet you where you are and build a relationship while addressing your goals. I weave in CBT techniques, motivational interviewing skills, and humanistic interventions to help you move forward on your path. It is my hope that each individual I work with will find greater health and wholeness as we work together through their therapeutic journey.
(571) 601-2269 View (571) 601-2269
Photo of undefined - Julia B. Sayre, LMFT, LLC, MS, LMFT, CT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Julia B. Sayre, LMFT, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, CT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Front Royal, VA 22630  (Online Only)
I offer tele-sessions in VA or SC, for trauma-informed marriage counseling, relationship and individual therapy. You may be in a transition: marriage; parenthood; military service or veteran; divorce; or remarriage. Or feeling frustrated with your child or teen, extended family, or coworkers. You may be noticing relationship effects of recent or past trauma, or grief and loss. You or a family member may be addressing aging, chronic pain or medical issues. Healthy relationships start with self-understanding and self-compassion, enabling you to know yourself so that you can hear and connect with others who are important in your life.
I offer tele-sessions in VA or SC, for trauma-informed marriage counseling, relationship and individual therapy. You may be in a transition: marriage; parenthood; military service or veteran; divorce; or remarriage. Or feeling frustrated with your child or teen, extended family, or coworkers. You may be noticing relationship effects of recent or past trauma, or grief and loss. You or a family member may be addressing aging, chronic pain or medical issues. Healthy relationships start with self-understanding and self-compassion, enabling you to know yourself so that you can hear and connect with others who are important in your life.
(843) 271-4771 View (843) 271-4771
Photo of Dr. Michael Davis, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Michael Davis
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Front Royal, VA 22630
Waitlist for new clients
Many of my patients have been in therapy before, where they used skills and strategies to better manage their lives, but have found that this was not deep enough to make lasting changes. So, I don’t give advice or come with a pre-arranged agenda. Instead, we focus on your concerns and what you have to say while gradually developing a strong therapeutic relationship which is the most important factor in therapy. My role is first and foremost to listen attentively and without judgment so you have space to think, feel, and talk.
Many of my patients have been in therapy before, where they used skills and strategies to better manage their lives, but have found that this was not deep enough to make lasting changes. So, I don’t give advice or come with a pre-arranged agenda. Instead, we focus on your concerns and what you have to say while gradually developing a strong therapeutic relationship which is the most important factor in therapy. My role is first and foremost to listen attentively and without judgment so you have space to think, feel, and talk.
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Photo of Geoff Byrd, MS, LPC, AMHCA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Geoff Byrd
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, AMHCA
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630  (Online Only)
When calling and you hear "You have reached the offices of Counseling Associates" my confidential voice mail is #2. Visit the WebSite to your left for further information about all services offered. See the information tab for an archive of mental health and relationship articles, handouts, assessment questionnaires, genograms, courses, exercises, & a reference bibliography. There are links for essential oils and supplements.
When calling and you hear "You have reached the offices of Counseling Associates" my confidential voice mail is #2. Visit the WebSite to your left for further information about all services offered. See the information tab for an archive of mental health and relationship articles, handouts, assessment questionnaires, genograms, courses, exercises, & a reference bibliography. There are links for essential oils and supplements.
(540) 288-4842 View (540) 288-4842
Photo of Fred Sabia, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Fred Sabia
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
I always gravitated to jobs that entailed helping people: Teacher; Red Cross; Covenant House. I had also pursued seminary studies and was briefly on track to becoming a clergyman. Entry into grad school to study Counseling seemed the next natural step in my career path. But there was a more profound reason I became a Professional Helper, and that is my own lifelong struggles with anxiety and depression.
I always gravitated to jobs that entailed helping people: Teacher; Red Cross; Covenant House. I had also pursued seminary studies and was briefly on track to becoming a clergyman. Entry into grad school to study Counseling seemed the next natural step in my career path. But there was a more profound reason I became a Professional Helper, and that is my own lifelong struggles with anxiety and depression.
(540) 539-0145 View (540) 539-0145
Photo of undefined - Heartsease Psychotherapy, LCSW, LSATP, PMH-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Heartsease Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSATP, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Welcome to Heartsease Psychotherapy, a "heart centered" practice. Do you feel your symptoms have become harder to manage lately? Maybe depression, anxiety, and a history of trauma makes daily life feel like a never ending battle? You can find hope and support here at Heartsease Psychotherapy. Together, we can look at healing the deepest parts of your being to reduce symptoms and live a more fulfilled life. Maybe Motherhood has been hard to manage or maybe even your birth experience was less than ideal? We can work together to heal those wounds. Lets explore together how to tap into your true potential.
Welcome to Heartsease Psychotherapy, a "heart centered" practice. Do you feel your symptoms have become harder to manage lately? Maybe depression, anxiety, and a history of trauma makes daily life feel like a never ending battle? You can find hope and support here at Heartsease Psychotherapy. Together, we can look at healing the deepest parts of your being to reduce symptoms and live a more fulfilled life. Maybe Motherhood has been hard to manage or maybe even your birth experience was less than ideal? We can work together to heal those wounds. Lets explore together how to tap into your true potential.
(540) 215-7146 View (540) 215-7146
Photo of undefined - Center for Counseling and Growth, PLC, LPC, NCC, , Licensed Professional Counselor
Center for Counseling and Growth, PLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Front Royal, VA 22630
We enjoy working with clients who are motivated to grow, change, and seek overall emotional health and wellness through the counseling process. We will create a safe and supportive environment so that our clients are able to set and meet their goals without feeling judged or criticized. Our clients "drive" the counseling process, while we gently support them on their road to personal growth.
We enjoy working with clients who are motivated to grow, change, and seek overall emotional health and wellness through the counseling process. We will create a safe and supportive environment so that our clients are able to set and meet their goals without feeling judged or criticized. Our clients "drive" the counseling process, while we gently support them on their road to personal growth.
(540) 246-0369 View (540) 246-0369
Photo of Anthony J Flores, LPC, CT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Anthony J Flores
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CT
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630  (Online Only)
I am a graduate of Divine Mercy University and a Licensed Professional Counselor in Virginia. I hold the belief that the counseling room is a sacred space in which God dwells and heals. I have been specially trained in an integrated model of contemporary psychology and Catholic/Christian anthropology and theology. I am also a Certified Facilitator/Instructor and Clinical Traumatologist with the Green Cross Academy of Traumatology, and have extensive deployment and field experience.
I am a graduate of Divine Mercy University and a Licensed Professional Counselor in Virginia. I hold the belief that the counseling room is a sacred space in which God dwells and heals. I have been specially trained in an integrated model of contemporary psychology and Catholic/Christian anthropology and theology. I am also a Certified Facilitator/Instructor and Clinical Traumatologist with the Green Cross Academy of Traumatology, and have extensive deployment and field experience.
(540) 210-1435 View (540) 210-1435
Photo of Rachel Bollinger, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Rachel Bollinger
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself overthinking? Are you a people pleaser who feels their needs are unimportant? Maybe you are having a hard time processing a traumatic event. This can be exhausting and may be impacting your current relationships, job functioning, or daily mood. I understand that sometimes it can be difficult to trust and be vulnerable with others. My goal in our work together is that you can be yourself, while feeling supported and cared for.
Do you find yourself overthinking? Are you a people pleaser who feels their needs are unimportant? Maybe you are having a hard time processing a traumatic event. This can be exhausting and may be impacting your current relationships, job functioning, or daily mood. I understand that sometimes it can be difficult to trust and be vulnerable with others. My goal in our work together is that you can be yourself, while feeling supported and cared for.
(540) 384-4435 View (540) 384-4435
Photo of Renae Willis, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renae Willis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Thank you for looking at my profile. I am an LCSW, licensed in the state of VA, with many years of experience treating children, teens, adults, couples and families. I enjoy working with clients from a wide array of backgrounds and across the lifespan.
Thank you for looking at my profile. I am an LCSW, licensed in the state of VA, with many years of experience treating children, teens, adults, couples and families. I enjoy working with clients from a wide array of backgrounds and across the lifespan.
(571) 322-8819 View (571) 322-8819
Photo of Tracy Knight, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tracy Knight
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Front Royal, VA 22630
Are you struggling with grief, sadness, or depression? Do you feel like it takes extra effort to get things accomplished, or just to get through the day? Do you feel overwhelmed with anxiety about everything, or have trouble obtaining adequate sleep? Things can get better, but it is hard to do it alone. I am so thankful that you have chosen to reach out for support. I am a LPC specializing in work with adults. Therapy can be enlightening and transformative when you are paired with the right therapist for you.
Are you struggling with grief, sadness, or depression? Do you feel like it takes extra effort to get things accomplished, or just to get through the day? Do you feel overwhelmed with anxiety about everything, or have trouble obtaining adequate sleep? Things can get better, but it is hard to do it alone. I am so thankful that you have chosen to reach out for support. I am a LPC specializing in work with adults. Therapy can be enlightening and transformative when you are paired with the right therapist for you.
(540) 831-3982 View (540) 831-3982
Photo of Nephetia Tryman Whittaker, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nephetia Tryman Whittaker
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
My name is Nephetia and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with over 10 years of experience providing mental health care for individuals. I have experience assisting and supporting clients to overcome and cope with depression, anxiety, grief, issues specific to women, low self-esteem, and anger. My experience ranges from teens to adults and I have worked with the LGBTQIA+ population. I use an integrative therapeutic approach, including CBT, Person-Centered, Motivational Interviewing, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy - I believe that clients are in charge of their counseling experience so that treatment is individualized.
My name is Nephetia and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with over 10 years of experience providing mental health care for individuals. I have experience assisting and supporting clients to overcome and cope with depression, anxiety, grief, issues specific to women, low self-esteem, and anger. My experience ranges from teens to adults and I have worked with the LGBTQIA+ population. I use an integrative therapeutic approach, including CBT, Person-Centered, Motivational Interviewing, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy - I believe that clients are in charge of their counseling experience so that treatment is individualized.
(434) 808-0404 View (434) 808-0404
Photo of Debbie Kirkwood, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Debbie Kirkwood
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Hi, my name is Debbie Kirkwood, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor. Having been in the mental health field for over 20 years, I have worked with many people of every age group and from various backgrounds and cultures. My focuses are Anxiety, Job Stress, Life Coaching, Stress, and Relationship Issues. I use Coaching, Person-Centered, Solution Focused Brief (SFBT), Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), and Supportive. I believe in meeting the client where they are and not where I want them to be.
Hi, my name is Debbie Kirkwood, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor. Having been in the mental health field for over 20 years, I have worked with many people of every age group and from various backgrounds and cultures. My focuses are Anxiety, Job Stress, Life Coaching, Stress, and Relationship Issues. I use Coaching, Person-Centered, Solution Focused Brief (SFBT), Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), and Supportive. I believe in meeting the client where they are and not where I want them to be.
(571) 554-2320 View (571) 554-2320
Photo of Adrienne Pastore, MSW, LCSW
Adrienne Pastore
MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Not accepting new clients
There are times throughout our lives that we need a little extra support. Reaching out to get assistance navigating life’s challenges takes a great deal of courage. I’m glad you’re here! I have been working in the mental health field since 1996. I work from a strengths based approach. You are the expert on you! In today’s fast paced world, making time to learn new strategies to help manage daily stressors and rediscover your core strengths is something we can all benefit from doing.
There are times throughout our lives that we need a little extra support. Reaching out to get assistance navigating life’s challenges takes a great deal of courage. I’m glad you’re here! I have been working in the mental health field since 1996. I work from a strengths based approach. You are the expert on you! In today’s fast paced world, making time to learn new strategies to help manage daily stressors and rediscover your core strengths is something we can all benefit from doing.
(540) 452-9209 View (540) 452-9209
Photo of Annah Mackin Applebaum, Pre-Licensed Professional
Annah Mackin Applebaum
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630
Picking fights with loved ones. Worrying about how we're perceived. Reacting defensively to criticism. Ruminating over social interactions. Avoiding difficult conversations. Punishing others when we’re hurt. We do all these things for reasons, but often our reasons are emotional wounds too vulnerable to acknowledge. Many of our behaviors are motivated by deeply held beliefs about ourselves and what we can expect from others. Often, our behaviors are strategic habits we learned in formative relationships that had unhealthy dynamics and imbalances of power.
Picking fights with loved ones. Worrying about how we're perceived. Reacting defensively to criticism. Ruminating over social interactions. Avoiding difficult conversations. Punishing others when we’re hurt. We do all these things for reasons, but often our reasons are emotional wounds too vulnerable to acknowledge. Many of our behaviors are motivated by deeply held beliefs about ourselves and what we can expect from others. Often, our behaviors are strategic habits we learned in formative relationships that had unhealthy dynamics and imbalances of power.
(571) 475-8712 View (571) 475-8712
Photo of Lillian Cecile Gebert, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lillian Cecile Gebert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Front Royal, VA 22630  (Online Only)
Important to functioning in a healthy manner as a human being is the fulfillment of the need to trust and feel safe. Many experiences in life can contribute to feelings of isolation and loneliness, mistrust of self and others, including God or a Higher Power. Fear, resentment and anger contribute to our sense of disconnect. Connection to nurturing, kind and loving relationships are important for healthy functioning. Human beings need to have a sense of belonging, feel they are important to others and are able to accept support from others. Interdependence is the goal.
Important to functioning in a healthy manner as a human being is the fulfillment of the need to trust and feel safe. Many experiences in life can contribute to feelings of isolation and loneliness, mistrust of self and others, including God or a Higher Power. Fear, resentment and anger contribute to our sense of disconnect. Connection to nurturing, kind and loving relationships are important for healthy functioning. Human beings need to have a sense of belonging, feel they are important to others and are able to accept support from others. Interdependence is the goal.
(540) 364-5161 View (540) 364-5161

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 22630

20+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in 22630 who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
92% Anxiety
81% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
58% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% BlueCross and BlueShield
86% Anthem | Elevance
76% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 22630 see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

71% Female
29% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 22630?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.