Photo of Jacqui Chen, Counselor in 20854, MD
Jacqui Chen
Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Clients come to counseling for various reasons. In my experience with the clients, some of them just needed time and space for them to be heard because they did not have that resource with others in their life. Their friends and family could be great support but couldn’t necessarily offer professional help such as treatment. Some people, including myself, may struggle with things they are not able to express clearly. Some may be just confused about life and need some coaching from the counselors.
Clients come to counseling for various reasons. In my experience with the clients, some of them just needed time and space for them to be heard because they did not have that resource with others in their life. Their friends and family could be great support but couldn’t necessarily offer professional help such as treatment. Some people, including myself, may struggle with things they are not able to express clearly. Some may be just confused about life and need some coaching from the counselors.
(240) 774-2184 View (240) 774-2184
Photo of Jeanette Rojas in 20854, MD
Jeanette Rojas
MA Ed
Verified Verified
Rockville, MD 20854
At Mariposa Life Coaching and Hypnosis, I specialize in leveraging the transformative power of hypnosis alongside my extensive coaching background to facilitate personal change. Through tailored hypnosis sessions and expert coaching techniques, I'll assist my clients in overcoming limiting beliefs, habits, and fears, empowering them to achieve their goals and unlock their full potential.
At Mariposa Life Coaching and Hypnosis, I specialize in leveraging the transformative power of hypnosis alongside my extensive coaching background to facilitate personal change. Through tailored hypnosis sessions and expert coaching techniques, I'll assist my clients in overcoming limiting beliefs, habits, and fears, empowering them to achieve their goals and unlock their full potential.
(240) 802-7700 View (240) 802-7700
Photo of Jessica Soussana, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Jessica Soussana
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Rockville, MD 20854  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical social worker with over 18 years of experience providing quality mental health care and training. I will provide an empathetic and non-judgmental approach. Each person is unique as are their circumstances and the type of support they need. I will help you identify what is challenging in your life and learn how to apply coping skills and mindfulness to improve daily functioning. The appointments are a collaborative process. During our time together, I will take into account the emotional, cognitive, physical, and cultural aspects that make you unique.
I am a licensed clinical social worker with over 18 years of experience providing quality mental health care and training. I will provide an empathetic and non-judgmental approach. Each person is unique as are their circumstances and the type of support they need. I will help you identify what is challenging in your life and learn how to apply coping skills and mindfulness to improve daily functioning. The appointments are a collaborative process. During our time together, I will take into account the emotional, cognitive, physical, and cultural aspects that make you unique.
(240) 654-1184 View (240) 654-1184
Photo of Margaux Blau, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Margaux Blau
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rockville, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Clients often come to me seeking relief from the cycle of being stuck in survival mode and chronic stress. They express a desire to better understand themselves and examine the patterns that may be unconsciously impacting their sense of self, relationships with others, and work life. Clients appreciate each session being adapted to their needs and style.
Clients often come to me seeking relief from the cycle of being stuck in survival mode and chronic stress. They express a desire to better understand themselves and examine the patterns that may be unconsciously impacting their sense of self, relationships with others, and work life. Clients appreciate each session being adapted to their needs and style.
(240) 775-2659 View (240) 775-2659
Photo of Arianne Waschler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Arianne Waschler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
I’m glad we’ve found each other. My name is Arianne and I've been partnering with individuals for 12 years, navigating the challenges, celebrating the victories, and working towards the life each person hopes for themselves. When life becomes too much to handle, you might know what you need to do logically to make things better, but actually starting can feel scary. When you're stuck in a loop of negative thoughts and bad habits, it's hard to shake off the guilt and move forward. You understand your struggles and story better than anyone else and I'm here to work alongside you to restore your calm.
I’m glad we’ve found each other. My name is Arianne and I've been partnering with individuals for 12 years, navigating the challenges, celebrating the victories, and working towards the life each person hopes for themselves. When life becomes too much to handle, you might know what you need to do logically to make things better, but actually starting can feel scary. When you're stuck in a loop of negative thoughts and bad habits, it's hard to shake off the guilt and move forward. You understand your struggles and story better than anyone else and I'm here to work alongside you to restore your calm.
(240) 557-3650 View (240) 557-3650
Photo of Valerie Gordon Slattery, Psychologist in 20854, MD
Valerie Gordon Slattery
Psychologist, PsyD, PhD
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854
Making the decision to help a child or teen who is struggling academically, behaviorally, socially and/or emotionally may be the most important decision you make. I see each child/teen as a puzzle. Sometimes the pieces fit together perfectly and other times it is necessary to work really hard to find the right piece to complete the puzzle. I use a variety of techniques - play therapy, sand therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy. I believe that a child is part of a larger system, including parents, siblings, and schools. I strive to work with all aspects of a child's world.
Making the decision to help a child or teen who is struggling academically, behaviorally, socially and/or emotionally may be the most important decision you make. I see each child/teen as a puzzle. Sometimes the pieces fit together perfectly and other times it is necessary to work really hard to find the right piece to complete the puzzle. I use a variety of techniques - play therapy, sand therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy. I believe that a child is part of a larger system, including parents, siblings, and schools. I strive to work with all aspects of a child's world.
(240) 478-6249 View (240) 478-6249
Photo of Claudia Niemtzoff, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in 20854, MD
Claudia Niemtzoff
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854
I am experienced working on relationship conflicts, trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, postpartum depression, cross-cultural stress and life transitions. I combine my psychodynamic background with other therapeutic approaches in a culturally sensitive framework that allows me to tailor each treatment according to the individual needs. I provide psychotherapy in English and Spanish. We are going to work together in a strong, safe and warm therapeutic relationship where you can feel free to talk about anything that concerns you. Because I am a seasoned therapist, I am not scared to explore any topic. I get to the point.
I am experienced working on relationship conflicts, trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, postpartum depression, cross-cultural stress and life transitions. I combine my psychodynamic background with other therapeutic approaches in a culturally sensitive framework that allows me to tailor each treatment according to the individual needs. I provide psychotherapy in English and Spanish. We are going to work together in a strong, safe and warm therapeutic relationship where you can feel free to talk about anything that concerns you. Because I am a seasoned therapist, I am not scared to explore any topic. I get to the point.
(240) 202-3720 View (240) 202-3720
Photo of Desiree Ducharme, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in 20854, MD
Desiree Ducharme
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MS, LCPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Seeking out a therapist is hard, and yet you're here! You've already completed the first step and now we can work together on the next ones. If you are someone dealing with stress, depression, anxiety, emotional regulation difficulties, life transition issues, identity issues and development, self-esteem or peer relationship issues, or are living with ADHD or other neurodivergent identities, then you have come to the right place. With my background, training, and clinical experiences, I can assist you in meeting your goals and moving forward, even if it doesn't feel possible yet. We got this.
Seeking out a therapist is hard, and yet you're here! You've already completed the first step and now we can work together on the next ones. If you are someone dealing with stress, depression, anxiety, emotional regulation difficulties, life transition issues, identity issues and development, self-esteem or peer relationship issues, or are living with ADHD or other neurodivergent identities, then you have come to the right place. With my background, training, and clinical experiences, I can assist you in meeting your goals and moving forward, even if it doesn't feel possible yet. We got this.
(410) 835-7972 View (410) 835-7972
Photo of Lynne S Gots, Psychologist in 20854, MD
Lynne S Gots
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Rockville, MD 20854
Although by orientation I'm a cognitive-behavioral therapist--that is, I focus on how thoughts and actions affect how we feel and respond to situations--I don't follow a cookbook approach to treatment. Each individual brings a unique set of problems to therapy, and I start with a thorough evaluation to assess your needs and develop a collaborative treatment plan that is personal yet based on current research. This type of therapy is focused more on the present than the past and on developing coping skills to help you deal with the problems that are currently troubling you.
Although by orientation I'm a cognitive-behavioral therapist--that is, I focus on how thoughts and actions affect how we feel and respond to situations--I don't follow a cookbook approach to treatment. Each individual brings a unique set of problems to therapy, and I start with a thorough evaluation to assess your needs and develop a collaborative treatment plan that is personal yet based on current research. This type of therapy is focused more on the present than the past and on developing coping skills to help you deal with the problems that are currently troubling you.
(301) 744-8859 View (301) 744-8859
Photo of Margaret Oliver in 20854, MD
Margaret Oliver
NP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Maggie is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She has a Master of Science in Nursing from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, as well as a Bachelor of Science in Psychology and minor in Neuroscience from Miami University. Since 2013 she has worked in various settings, such as: community mental health, private practice, corrections, and skilled/assisted nursing facilities. Maggie specializes in geriatric psychiatry, anxiety disorders (including posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder), mood disorders (including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder/ADHD)
Maggie is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). She has a Master of Science in Nursing from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, as well as a Bachelor of Science in Psychology and minor in Neuroscience from Miami University. Since 2013 she has worked in various settings, such as: community mental health, private practice, corrections, and skilled/assisted nursing facilities. Maggie specializes in geriatric psychiatry, anxiety disorders (including posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder), mood disorders (including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder/ADHD)
(301) 750-1968 View (301) 750-1968
Photo of Rhoda Spindel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Rhoda Spindel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854
I have been helping people for 30+ years. It is my delight to see my patients grow and experience ways of feeling they never imagined. I create a safe environment in which you feel you can tell me any problem and be listened to with compassion and without shame. I have successfuly treated people who suffer from anxiety, depression, relationship issues, and work related problems with very high success rates. I am very devoted to the people I see and will help you make your life better by finding new ways of reacting to situations and people that are problematic.
I have been helping people for 30+ years. It is my delight to see my patients grow and experience ways of feeling they never imagined. I create a safe environment in which you feel you can tell me any problem and be listened to with compassion and without shame. I have successfuly treated people who suffer from anxiety, depression, relationship issues, and work related problems with very high success rates. I am very devoted to the people I see and will help you make your life better by finding new ways of reacting to situations and people that are problematic.
(202) 559-4223 View (202) 559-4223
Photo of Melissa Susser, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Melissa Susser
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Life can be a complex journey filled with challenges, and it is not uncommon to find yourself feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or disconnected. I believe therapy is a powerful tool to help you navigate through these difficulties and rediscover your authentic self. Whether you're grappling with anxiety/depression, undergoing significant life changes, or simply yearning to improve your relationships, my mission is to support you on your path to personal growth and feel "better".
Life can be a complex journey filled with challenges, and it is not uncommon to find yourself feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or disconnected. I believe therapy is a powerful tool to help you navigate through these difficulties and rediscover your authentic self. Whether you're grappling with anxiety/depression, undergoing significant life changes, or simply yearning to improve your relationships, my mission is to support you on your path to personal growth and feel "better".
(301) 368-8568 View (301) 368-8568
Photo of Myra Kaplan, Psychologist in 20854, MD
Myra Kaplan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Deciding to seek help for issues in your life takes courage. It isn’t easy to decide who the right person is to trust and open up to about your life or even to believe that doing so will result in improvements. I work with my clients collaboratively. Together we discuss how you are feeling, what is going on in your life, and how you would like to move forward. No matter what you are dealing with, whether it be depression, anxiety, relationship issues, general stress, or something else, our discussions will be geared towards helping you understand what you want and developing skills to be resilient and thrive in your life ahead.
Deciding to seek help for issues in your life takes courage. It isn’t easy to decide who the right person is to trust and open up to about your life or even to believe that doing so will result in improvements. I work with my clients collaboratively. Together we discuss how you are feeling, what is going on in your life, and how you would like to move forward. No matter what you are dealing with, whether it be depression, anxiety, relationship issues, general stress, or something else, our discussions will be geared towards helping you understand what you want and developing skills to be resilient and thrive in your life ahead.
(240) 899-7870 View (240) 899-7870
Photo of Svetlana A Danshes, Counselor in 20854, MD
Svetlana A Danshes
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rockville, MD 20854  (Online Only)
I specialize in integrative psychotherapy for a broad spectrum of individuals who experience anxiety, depression, and life changing events that cause emotional discomfort, fear, or mourning. My goal is to educate and empower my clients to take charge of their lives. I believe that human nature is at its best when people chose to view themselves positively, therefore I work together with clients as they recognize their emotions, and how these emotions arise in response to certain life events.
I specialize in integrative psychotherapy for a broad spectrum of individuals who experience anxiety, depression, and life changing events that cause emotional discomfort, fear, or mourning. My goal is to educate and empower my clients to take charge of their lives. I believe that human nature is at its best when people chose to view themselves positively, therefore I work together with clients as they recognize their emotions, and how these emotions arise in response to certain life events.
(240) 384-5272 View (240) 384-5272
Photo of Susan Shallcross, Counselor in 20854, MD
Susan Shallcross
Counselor, LCPC, LPC, MBA, CCTP, CMT-P
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
I counsel professionals who are dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse issues that are impacting them at work and in their personal relationships. I embrace a strengths-based approach of therapy that emphasizes collaboration with a client to identify and utilize the strengths they already have to achieve the goals that are important to them. I also understand the value in meeting clients where they are now before we can start working on their therapeutic goals.
I counsel professionals who are dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse issues that are impacting them at work and in their personal relationships. I embrace a strengths-based approach of therapy that emphasizes collaboration with a client to identify and utilize the strengths they already have to achieve the goals that are important to them. I also understand the value in meeting clients where they are now before we can start working on their therapeutic goals.
(240) 213-4346 View (240) 213-4346
Photo of Elena Khazanova, Counselor in 20854, MD
Elena Khazanova
Counselor, MS, NCC, LCPC, CMT, MEd
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Are you yearning to feel calm and alive in your body and present in your relationships? Do you long to be supported in prioritizing your wellbeing and fulfillment? Are you looking for a deeply nurturing and affirming space to hold your experiences, needs and desires? With 25 years of experience in integrative health, trained in a variety of holistic modalities, I have developed a wide array of skills to help you do just that. I am delighted to offer my deep expertise and unwavering support to make your transformation easy and joyful.
Are you yearning to feel calm and alive in your body and present in your relationships? Do you long to be supported in prioritizing your wellbeing and fulfillment? Are you looking for a deeply nurturing and affirming space to hold your experiences, needs and desires? With 25 years of experience in integrative health, trained in a variety of holistic modalities, I have developed a wide array of skills to help you do just that. I am delighted to offer my deep expertise and unwavering support to make your transformation easy and joyful.
(240) 348-5171 View (240) 348-5171
Photo of Kevin Schwarz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Kevin Schwarz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, or ADHD? Have you experienced substance use, marriage conflict, or difficult relationships in your family? Do you need help processing trauma? It takes a lot of courage to reach out for help – and I respect that courage. Together, we will work to discover your strengths, and I can help you leverage those strengths to build coping skills that will help you in everyday life. We will tailor therapy to your needs and goals, drawing from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), motivational interviewing, trauma-informed care, and your own experiences.
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, or ADHD? Have you experienced substance use, marriage conflict, or difficult relationships in your family? Do you need help processing trauma? It takes a lot of courage to reach out for help – and I respect that courage. Together, we will work to discover your strengths, and I can help you leverage those strengths to build coping skills that will help you in everyday life. We will tailor therapy to your needs and goals, drawing from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), motivational interviewing, trauma-informed care, and your own experiences.
(240) 618-2573 View (240) 618-2573
Photo of Nazli Fouladi, Psychologist in 20854, MD
Nazli Fouladi
Psychologist, PsyD, MS, MA
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Nazli Fouladi. I'm here to help you navigate life's challenges towards mental well-being and emotional balance. If you're feeling overwhelmed and uncertain about seeking help, please know that you're not alone. Starting therapy can be intimidating, but in our sessions, you'll discover a safe and supportive environment where your voice is heard with compassion and respect. My belief is that you already possess the awareness and capacity for change; together, we'll use evidence-based techniques to explore and overcome the areas in need of adjustment to discover and build on your strengths.
Hello, I'm Nazli Fouladi. I'm here to help you navigate life's challenges towards mental well-being and emotional balance. If you're feeling overwhelmed and uncertain about seeking help, please know that you're not alone. Starting therapy can be intimidating, but in our sessions, you'll discover a safe and supportive environment where your voice is heard with compassion and respect. My belief is that you already possess the awareness and capacity for change; together, we'll use evidence-based techniques to explore and overcome the areas in need of adjustment to discover and build on your strengths.
(240) 820-3852 View (240) 820-3852
Photo of Gloria Silverberg Coaching in 20854, MD
Gloria Silverberg Coaching
MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Potomac, MD 20854
As a Professional Counselor, School and Parenting Coach with 25 years of experience, I would love to help you and your child achieve your outcomes through compassionate coaching. Awards: Montgomery County Public Schools Counselor of the Year, Maryland State Semi-Finalist Counselor of the Year
As a Professional Counselor, School and Parenting Coach with 25 years of experience, I would love to help you and your child achieve your outcomes through compassionate coaching. Awards: Montgomery County Public Schools Counselor of the Year, Maryland State Semi-Finalist Counselor of the Year
(240) 663-5715 View (240) 663-5715
Photo of Iris Snapper, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 20854, MD
Iris Snapper
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Potomac, MD 20854  (Online Only)
I appreciate the need for short-term, cost-effective treatment. With 30 years of experience and a compassionate style, I specialize in brief solution-focused and cognitive-behavioral therapy so you can experience relief in a more immediate way. In our first session, we can establish a connection and work together to find solutions to help you gain peace of mind. For some issues, 10 or fewer sessions are all that is needed, while other issues require more time.
I appreciate the need for short-term, cost-effective treatment. With 30 years of experience and a compassionate style, I specialize in brief solution-focused and cognitive-behavioral therapy so you can experience relief in a more immediate way. In our first session, we can establish a connection and work together to find solutions to help you gain peace of mind. For some issues, 10 or fewer sessions are all that is needed, while other issues require more time.
(240) 213-7498 View (240) 213-7498

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 20854

300+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 20854 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
90% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
82% Self Esteem
70% Coping Skills
69% Stress
65% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% BlueCross and BlueShield
70% CareFirst
58% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 20854 see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 20854?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.