Therapists in 19403

Photo of Dr. Ken Martz, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Dr. Ken Martz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Eagleville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
I specialize in the supervision of other clinicians, helping them learn the skills I have developed over a lifetime. I am an experienced psychologist and am highly effective in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, panic, and related issues such as intimacy, addiction, and establishing personal success. I have experience working with individuals struggling with negative self-talk, low self-esteem, mood instability, addictions, challenging irrational beliefs, anxiety, stress, and more so that we can reclaim our hope and confidence in ourselves for a brighter tomorrow.
I specialize in the supervision of other clinicians, helping them learn the skills I have developed over a lifetime. I am an experienced psychologist and am highly effective in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, panic, and related issues such as intimacy, addiction, and establishing personal success. I have experience working with individuals struggling with negative self-talk, low self-esteem, mood instability, addictions, challenging irrational beliefs, anxiety, stress, and more so that we can reclaim our hope and confidence in ourselves for a brighter tomorrow.
(484) 685-4862 View (484) 685-4862
Photo of Hannah Griffin, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19403, PA
Hannah Griffin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Audubon, PA 19403
Are you feeling weighed down by overwhelming anxiety or struggling to stay focused due to ADHD? I want you to know that you are not alone, and I am here to provide the compassionate support and professional expertise you need to navigate through these challenges. Living with anxiety and ADHD can be incredibly tough, and it's okay to feel the weight of these emotions. I want you to know that I genuinely care about your well-being, and my goal is to help you find relief and regain control over your life. I have helped many people just like you to find healing and real hope.
Are you feeling weighed down by overwhelming anxiety or struggling to stay focused due to ADHD? I want you to know that you are not alone, and I am here to provide the compassionate support and professional expertise you need to navigate through these challenges. Living with anxiety and ADHD can be incredibly tough, and it's okay to feel the weight of these emotions. I want you to know that I genuinely care about your well-being, and my goal is to help you find relief and regain control over your life. I have helped many people just like you to find healing and real hope.
(610) 850-8009 View (610) 850-8009
Photo of Frieda S Dub, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19403, PA
Frieda S Dub
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Eagleville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Experiencing personal difficulties that feel difficult to resolve on our own are a common problem that can be resolved with help of an experienced therapist. Issues related to trauma, early life experiences, troubled relationships, self esteem, anxiety and depression can be dealt with in a safe and discreet manner. They say time heals everything but that is a misconception. It requires the assistance and direction of an knowledgeable well trained individual. Finding the right therapist is the only way to care for oneself in order to be able to meet one's goals and live a more settled happy life.
Experiencing personal difficulties that feel difficult to resolve on our own are a common problem that can be resolved with help of an experienced therapist. Issues related to trauma, early life experiences, troubled relationships, self esteem, anxiety and depression can be dealt with in a safe and discreet manner. They say time heals everything but that is a misconception. It requires the assistance and direction of an knowledgeable well trained individual. Finding the right therapist is the only way to care for oneself in order to be able to meet one's goals and live a more settled happy life.
(484) 265-9781 View (484) 265-9781
Photo of Caroline Welty, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19403, PA
Caroline Welty
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CAADC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Eagleville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Ms. Welty received her MS degree in Clinical Psychology from Chestnut Hill College. With over 15 years in the field, she specializes in trauma therapy, substance use disorders, eating disorders, co-occurring disorders, domestic violence, PTSD, anxiety, and mood disorders. Ms. Welty works with adults (18+), couples, families, and groups. In addition to being a Licensed Professional Counselor, Ms. Welty is also a Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CAADC) and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. She uses CBT, REBT, 12-Step, solution-focused, mindfulness, and psychodynamic therapeutic modalities.
Ms. Welty received her MS degree in Clinical Psychology from Chestnut Hill College. With over 15 years in the field, she specializes in trauma therapy, substance use disorders, eating disorders, co-occurring disorders, domestic violence, PTSD, anxiety, and mood disorders. Ms. Welty works with adults (18+), couples, families, and groups. In addition to being a Licensed Professional Counselor, Ms. Welty is also a Certified Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CAADC) and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. She uses CBT, REBT, 12-Step, solution-focused, mindfulness, and psychodynamic therapeutic modalities.
(484) 673-6218 View (484) 673-6218
Photo of Wendy Simkin, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Wendy Simkin
Psychologist
Not Verified Not Verified
Audubon, PA 19403
I am a licensed psychologist in greater Valley Forge with over 20 years psycho-therapeutic experience. I have a warm, gentle manner and I love partnering with young adults, women and children. I use a relational approach and tailored strategies for stress management, depression, learning and parenting challenges, and difficult life transitions. Life's transitions can bring excitement, as well as stress and worries. In our partnership, you can gain new perspectives and move beyond set-backs, challenges and loss, learning strategies to feel well prepared for your future. My experience provides perspective to help towards a more satisfying journey.
I am a licensed psychologist in greater Valley Forge with over 20 years psycho-therapeutic experience. I have a warm, gentle manner and I love partnering with young adults, women and children. I use a relational approach and tailored strategies for stress management, depression, learning and parenting challenges, and difficult life transitions. Life's transitions can bring excitement, as well as stress and worries. In our partnership, you can gain new perspectives and move beyond set-backs, challenges and loss, learning strategies to feel well prepared for your future. My experience provides perspective to help towards a more satisfying journey.
(215) 515-6415 View (215) 515-6415
Photo of Jillian Sharp, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19403, PA
Jillian Sharp
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
Audubon, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Many clients have told me that they were nervous to start therapy but they are so glad they did. I practice a person centered approach where we explore your struggles, thoughts and feelings without judgement. I believe in connecting on a human level; in building trust through listening, deep understanding, and humor. Together, we will identify and work to change the things holding you back. We will discuss healthier ways to cope, communicate, and resolve conflicts. If you have been struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflicts, low self esteem, major life changes, or parenting challenges, I'd love to help you thrive.
Many clients have told me that they were nervous to start therapy but they are so glad they did. I practice a person centered approach where we explore your struggles, thoughts and feelings without judgement. I believe in connecting on a human level; in building trust through listening, deep understanding, and humor. Together, we will identify and work to change the things holding you back. We will discuss healthier ways to cope, communicate, and resolve conflicts. If you have been struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflicts, low self esteem, major life changes, or parenting challenges, I'd love to help you thrive.
(215) 515-8045 View (215) 515-8045
Photo of Oriana Kramer Almquist, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19403, PA
Oriana Kramer Almquist
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Audubon, PA 19403
Are you struggling with deeply painful emotions? You deserve a space where you feel safe being vulnerable to process the challenging and unexpected parts of life. I believe that the best setting for therapy is one that cultivates an environment of authentic care, establishing a trusting relationship where new depth and insight can be reached. I will always meet you where you are in your life and journey, providing you with a trauma-informed approach to healing that works at your own pace.
Are you struggling with deeply painful emotions? You deserve a space where you feel safe being vulnerable to process the challenging and unexpected parts of life. I believe that the best setting for therapy is one that cultivates an environment of authentic care, establishing a trusting relationship where new depth and insight can be reached. I will always meet you where you are in your life and journey, providing you with a trauma-informed approach to healing that works at your own pace.
(610) 850-8009 View (610) 850-8009
Photo of Jack Krieger, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19403, PA
Jack Krieger
Pre-Licensed Professional, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norristown, PA 19403
Not accepting new clients
I work with children, teens, and young adults who are struggling with a wide variety of challenges in life, including anxiety, depression, grief/loss, trauma, and social/relationship needs, amongst others. I use an individualized and supportive process to work with you in reaching your goals in counseling. I believe that you are the expert in your own life and I am here as a safe, confidential, down to earth, and supportive person to process and explore all that life brings. Beginning therapy can be a big step, and I am here to support through the entire process.
I work with children, teens, and young adults who are struggling with a wide variety of challenges in life, including anxiety, depression, grief/loss, trauma, and social/relationship needs, amongst others. I use an individualized and supportive process to work with you in reaching your goals in counseling. I believe that you are the expert in your own life and I am here as a safe, confidential, down to earth, and supportive person to process and explore all that life brings. Beginning therapy can be a big step, and I am here to support through the entire process.
(484) 291-7987 View (484) 291-7987
Photo of Olena Dart, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19403, PA
Olena Dart
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Audubon, PA 19403
I know that life changes can be unsettling, you may be feeling complicated emotions or you may find yourself repeating behaviors that don’t get you where you want to be. I am confident, together, we can affect a positive change within only a few sessions. I work with everyday people. Parents, adolescents, client with chronic pain, even immigrants like myself before becoming a US citizen. You are welcome here. Let’s right the wheel, and take control.
I know that life changes can be unsettling, you may be feeling complicated emotions or you may find yourself repeating behaviors that don’t get you where you want to be. I am confident, together, we can affect a positive change within only a few sessions. I work with everyday people. Parents, adolescents, client with chronic pain, even immigrants like myself before becoming a US citizen. You are welcome here. Let’s right the wheel, and take control.
(484) 202-6250 View (484) 202-6250
Photo of Sankofa Restorative Counseling LLC, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Sankofa Restorative Counseling LLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jeffersonville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Welcome, I am so glad you are here. It takes courage to acknowledge and seek out solutions to overcome the current obstacles in your path. These are difficult times and there is absolutely no reason for you to bear this pain on your own.
Welcome, I am so glad you are here. It takes courage to acknowledge and seek out solutions to overcome the current obstacles in your path. These are difficult times and there is absolutely no reason for you to bear this pain on your own.
(215) 999-7886 View (215) 999-7886
Photo of Savina Lawrence, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19403, PA
Savina Lawrence
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Audubon, PA 19403
Are you feeling stuck or ambivalent? Uncertainty can be overwhelming and a source of anxiety. My goal is to help guide my clients to find their own answers by providing a safe, comfortable environment for expressing and exploring feelings. I will not rush into fixing, but rather find the right questions to ask to help you delve deeper in your exploration and see things from a new perspective.
Are you feeling stuck or ambivalent? Uncertainty can be overwhelming and a source of anxiety. My goal is to help guide my clients to find their own answers by providing a safe, comfortable environment for expressing and exploring feelings. I will not rush into fixing, but rather find the right questions to ask to help you delve deeper in your exploration and see things from a new perspective.
(610) 850-8009 View (610) 850-8009
Photo of Regina Floria in 19403, PA
Regina Floria
MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norristown, PA 19403
Over the 18 years in the behavioral health field, I've attributed my growth and experience to all of the clients I've seen. One of the most difficult aspects of therapy is having to be vulnerable. In order to be vulnerable a client must feel seen, heard, respected and safe. I've worked in multiple settings such as school, corporate healthcare, home, clinic and private practice. I've worked with families, individually, with children, teen and adults with addiction, behavioral health needs and disabilities. Mostly utilizing a strengths based and family systems perspective/model.
Over the 18 years in the behavioral health field, I've attributed my growth and experience to all of the clients I've seen. One of the most difficult aspects of therapy is having to be vulnerable. In order to be vulnerable a client must feel seen, heard, respected and safe. I've worked in multiple settings such as school, corporate healthcare, home, clinic and private practice. I've worked with families, individually, with children, teen and adults with addiction, behavioral health needs and disabilities. Mostly utilizing a strengths based and family systems perspective/model.
(484) 603-6306 View (484) 603-6306
Photo of Monica DiLaurenzo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19403, PA
Monica DiLaurenzo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Eagleville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Currently accepting NEW clients! I believe that you are already capable of change and I guide you through stepping into it. I specialize in anxiety and relationships. Much of my work has been in treating anxious individuals who struggle with worry, self-doubt, and "analysis paralysis". I can help you recognize what is interfering with your daily life, relationships and overall well-being and adopt healthier belief systems. I am also especially passionate about helping couples recognize the "stuck points" in their communication patterns and replace them with with vulnerability, closeness, and connection.
Currently accepting NEW clients! I believe that you are already capable of change and I guide you through stepping into it. I specialize in anxiety and relationships. Much of my work has been in treating anxious individuals who struggle with worry, self-doubt, and "analysis paralysis". I can help you recognize what is interfering with your daily life, relationships and overall well-being and adopt healthier belief systems. I am also especially passionate about helping couples recognize the "stuck points" in their communication patterns and replace them with with vulnerability, closeness, and connection.
(610) 345-7308 View (610) 345-7308
Photo of Dolores E Littleton, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19403, PA
Dolores E Littleton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, DMin, LMFT
Verified Verified
Audubon, PA 19403
The Rev. Dr Dolores (Dee) E. Littleton is a compassionate, empathic, and engaging therapist whose approach is collaborative and supportive while challenging clients to meet their therapeutic goals. She believes in the importance of fostering a safe, secure environment in which clients feel comfortable sharing their vulnerabilities. She loves to collaborate with clients to utilize their strengths in order to best guide them through the unique challenges they are facing. Dee takes a systemic approach to her work with individuals, couples, and families.
The Rev. Dr Dolores (Dee) E. Littleton is a compassionate, empathic, and engaging therapist whose approach is collaborative and supportive while challenging clients to meet their therapeutic goals. She believes in the importance of fostering a safe, secure environment in which clients feel comfortable sharing their vulnerabilities. She loves to collaborate with clients to utilize their strengths in order to best guide them through the unique challenges they are facing. Dee takes a systemic approach to her work with individuals, couples, and families.
(484) 291-5025 View (484) 291-5025
Photo of Chase E. Kneeland, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19403, PA
Chase E. Kneeland
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, LMFT
Verified Verified
Trooper, PA 19403
The world we live in is complicated and ever-changing, and the patterns we develop to address the challenges of life often cease to work for us...in fact, no strategy for living, relating to others, or to ourselves can ever work optimally forever. A depression, a personal life crisis, marital upsets and family conflicts are painful but often signal an important opportunity for self-reflection, assessment of "where I've been" in life, and the chance to create a new pathway for moving forward. This is where an expert therapist can be of value.
The world we live in is complicated and ever-changing, and the patterns we develop to address the challenges of life often cease to work for us...in fact, no strategy for living, relating to others, or to ourselves can ever work optimally forever. A depression, a personal life crisis, marital upsets and family conflicts are painful but often signal an important opportunity for self-reflection, assessment of "where I've been" in life, and the chance to create a new pathway for moving forward. This is where an expert therapist can be of value.
(215) 458-5624 View (215) 458-5624
Photo of Susan LeBoutillier, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 19403, PA
Susan LeBoutillier
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, CADC
Verified Verified
Audubon, PA 19403
Would you like to reach for your highest potential? I passionately love working with people who have an innate desire to better themselves and their lives. People who are looking for direction, possibly a little bit of hope, suggestions, encouragement and support on setting goals for their personal journey. My intention, utilizing a holistic approach, is to create and develop a relationship with each individual. Developing trust that can honor, guide and help transform each client. In providing a safe & supportive environment I consider it a privilege to hold space, validate, witness your experiences and encourage you.
Would you like to reach for your highest potential? I passionately love working with people who have an innate desire to better themselves and their lives. People who are looking for direction, possibly a little bit of hope, suggestions, encouragement and support on setting goals for their personal journey. My intention, utilizing a holistic approach, is to create and develop a relationship with each individual. Developing trust that can honor, guide and help transform each client. In providing a safe & supportive environment I consider it a privilege to hold space, validate, witness your experiences and encourage you.
(610) 365-4347 View (610) 365-4347
Photo of Carol Maile Schaefer, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Carol Maile Schaefer
Psychologist, MS
Verified Verified
Norristown, PA 19403  (Online Only)
For 40 years I have been serving my community as a psychologist in private practice. My expertise is in helping individuals who are suffering with anxiety, depression and negative self image begin to see themselves differently and learn how they can take charge of their lives and experience the joy they were intended to feel.
For 40 years I have been serving my community as a psychologist in private practice. My expertise is in helping individuals who are suffering with anxiety, depression and negative self image begin to see themselves differently and learn how they can take charge of their lives and experience the joy they were intended to feel.
(484) 546-4571 x1 View (484) 546-4571 x1
Photo of Vanessa Evearts, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19403, PA
Vanessa Evearts
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW, CPMC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eagleville, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Living with depression, anxiety, or knowing something isn’t right but not knowing what to call it can be overwhelming and feel defeating. As a therapist and a human being I have seen the immense strength it takes to make the first step to ask for help and support. Your recovery and healing journey begins with you, who you are as a person and your experiences. I believe that you have immeasurable tools and strengths inside waiting to be discovered. I have been a therapist for the last 10 years providing therapy to adults living with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, self-esteem issues and psychotic disorders.
Living with depression, anxiety, or knowing something isn’t right but not knowing what to call it can be overwhelming and feel defeating. As a therapist and a human being I have seen the immense strength it takes to make the first step to ask for help and support. Your recovery and healing journey begins with you, who you are as a person and your experiences. I believe that you have immeasurable tools and strengths inside waiting to be discovered. I have been a therapist for the last 10 years providing therapy to adults living with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, self-esteem issues and psychotic disorders.
(484) 715-8571 View (484) 715-8571
Photo of Dr. Megan Ingraham, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Dr. Megan Ingraham
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Norristown, PA 19403  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a psychologist at Pewter Therapy Services, I work with clients to navigate concerns like unpacking unhelpful/negative self-talk and its roots in family dynamics, identity messages, and larger societal narratives; strengthening emotional regulation, expression, and understanding in the mind and body; exploring and strengthening relationships with friends, family, and romantic partners; and LGBTQIA+ concerns. These approaches come together to navigate symptoms of depression, anxiety, and trauma. I am also under supervision for the treatment of disordered eating and body image concerns, in coordination with healthcare providers.
As a psychologist at Pewter Therapy Services, I work with clients to navigate concerns like unpacking unhelpful/negative self-talk and its roots in family dynamics, identity messages, and larger societal narratives; strengthening emotional regulation, expression, and understanding in the mind and body; exploring and strengthening relationships with friends, family, and romantic partners; and LGBTQIA+ concerns. These approaches come together to navigate symptoms of depression, anxiety, and trauma. I am also under supervision for the treatment of disordered eating and body image concerns, in coordination with healthcare providers.
(484) 372-3582 View (484) 372-3582
Photo of Audrey M. Morrow, Psychologist in 19403, PA
Audrey M. Morrow
Psychologist, MS
Verified Verified
Norristown, PA 19403
I have over 30 years of clinical experience helping individuals and families to resolve negative thoughts, feelings, hurts and self-concepts and to move ahead in a healthier and clearer way. I am so appreciative of the trust that I have received over the years from my clients. My expertise lies in working with individuals burdened by anxiety, depression and stress.
I have over 30 years of clinical experience helping individuals and families to resolve negative thoughts, feelings, hurts and self-concepts and to move ahead in a healthier and clearer way. I am so appreciative of the trust that I have received over the years from my clients. My expertise lies in working with individuals burdened by anxiety, depression and stress.
(484) 258-3219 View (484) 258-3219

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19403

60+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in 19403 who prioritize treating:

98% Anxiety
94% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
69% Grief
66% ADHD
63% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

98% Aetna
78% Cigna and Evernorth
63% Highmark

How Therapists in 19403 see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19403?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.