Photo of Jenny Matlack, MA,  LPC, NCC, CAADC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jenny Matlack
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, CAADC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
Therapy is a step-by-step process, and I am here to support and guide you. I work well with clients who are open to feedback and willing to work on their personal goals. I have experience working with clients in mental health and substance use outpatient settings, providing group, individual, and family therapy. I have worked with clients with mood disorders, anxiety, personality disorders, PTSD, trauma, recovery from substance use, as well as co-occurring disorders. I work with clients as a team in the therapeutic relationship to help clients achieve their goals in treatment.
Therapy is a step-by-step process, and I am here to support and guide you. I work well with clients who are open to feedback and willing to work on their personal goals. I have experience working with clients in mental health and substance use outpatient settings, providing group, individual, and family therapy. I have worked with clients with mood disorders, anxiety, personality disorders, PTSD, trauma, recovery from substance use, as well as co-occurring disorders. I work with clients as a team in the therapeutic relationship to help clients achieve their goals in treatment.
(484) 228-7686 View (484) 228-7686
Photo of Megan Levan -  Megan Levan CAADC, LPC, CAADC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Megan Levan CAADC, LPC
Licensed Professional Counselor, CAADC, LPC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
Megan’s biggest passion is serving as a sounding board for those in need of unconditional support, validation, and acceptance. Her philosophy is that every person is of unique value and capable of great change. She believes strongly in the process of change, helping others navigate that path, and encouraging others to find hope. Megan is specialized in three areas: addictions, trauma and relational/ marital conflict. Megan enjoys doing individuals, couples and family work and being a guide through the process of mending and repair. Experience in marriages/ separation/divorce/coparenting/children adjusting to change/ relationships.
Megan’s biggest passion is serving as a sounding board for those in need of unconditional support, validation, and acceptance. Her philosophy is that every person is of unique value and capable of great change. She believes strongly in the process of change, helping others navigate that path, and encouraging others to find hope. Megan is specialized in three areas: addictions, trauma and relational/ marital conflict. Megan enjoys doing individuals, couples and family work and being a guide through the process of mending and repair. Experience in marriages/ separation/divorce/coparenting/children adjusting to change/ relationships.
(484) 559-7525 View (484) 559-7525
Photo of Michele Amen, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michele Amen
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
I offer therapy in a safe, fully confidential and comfortable environment. My approach is gentle, direct and genuine. I am deeply committed to my work and embrace those who are seeking assistance with their personal growth or healing process.
I offer therapy in a safe, fully confidential and comfortable environment. My approach is gentle, direct and genuine. I am deeply committed to my work and embrace those who are seeking assistance with their personal growth or healing process.
(610) 350-6245 View (610) 350-6245
Photo of Adam Bernstein, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Adam Bernstein
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355  (Online Only)
Fulfilling our potential is a lifelong journey of becoming more at peace with ourselves, deepening the intimacy in our relationships, being more authentically human, and feeling more alive each day. Along the way, certain challenges arise to cause us distress or confusion. Such moments can make us feel held back, afraid, or unsure of where to go from here. But these moments can also be the points of growth and healing from which we renew ourselves in ways we did not think possible.
Fulfilling our potential is a lifelong journey of becoming more at peace with ourselves, deepening the intimacy in our relationships, being more authentically human, and feeling more alive each day. Along the way, certain challenges arise to cause us distress or confusion. Such moments can make us feel held back, afraid, or unsure of where to go from here. But these moments can also be the points of growth and healing from which we renew ourselves in ways we did not think possible.
(610) 601-3637 View (610) 601-3637
Photo of Jenna Mercadante, PsyD, Psychologist
Jenna Mercadante
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
My name is Dr. Jenna Mercadante. When working with individuals seeking treatment, I take a person-centered, holistic approach, focusing on the clients particular needs, preferences, and strengths and incorporating those into a practical & collaborative treatment plan. I see individuals as more than their psychiatric diagnosis, and thus, I seek to encourage personal growth & recovery (as opposed to only symptom reduction). In terms of treatment, I take a cognitive-behavioral therapeutic approach while incorporating mindfulness techniques. Mindfulness is simply intentional focusing, non-judgmentally, in the present moment.
My name is Dr. Jenna Mercadante. When working with individuals seeking treatment, I take a person-centered, holistic approach, focusing on the clients particular needs, preferences, and strengths and incorporating those into a practical & collaborative treatment plan. I see individuals as more than their psychiatric diagnosis, and thus, I seek to encourage personal growth & recovery (as opposed to only symptom reduction). In terms of treatment, I take a cognitive-behavioral therapeutic approach while incorporating mindfulness techniques. Mindfulness is simply intentional focusing, non-judgmentally, in the present moment.
(484) 789-7137 View (484) 789-7137
Photo of Lauren Melissa Lippincott - Lippincott Psychological Services PLLC, PhD, LMHC, Psychologist
Lippincott Psychological Services PLLC
Psychologist, PhD, LMHC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
Not accepting new clients
Everyone is on their own journey toward self-fulfillment and satisfaction. Therapy can be a powerful tool to use while on this journey. I work collaboratively with my clients, grounding myself in a humanistic-existential perspective. I am honored to be a part of my clients’ journeys as they move through life. In addition to therapy, I also offer psychological assessments including pre-bariatric surgical assessments, forensic assessments, child custody, parental fitness, learning disability, ADHD, IQ, and disability. I look forward to working with you.
Everyone is on their own journey toward self-fulfillment and satisfaction. Therapy can be a powerful tool to use while on this journey. I work collaboratively with my clients, grounding myself in a humanistic-existential perspective. I am honored to be a part of my clients’ journeys as they move through life. In addition to therapy, I also offer psychological assessments including pre-bariatric surgical assessments, forensic assessments, child custody, parental fitness, learning disability, ADHD, IQ, and disability. I look forward to working with you.
(484) 209-5210 View (484) 209-5210
Photo of Lorin Carlson Healy, LCSW, RN, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lorin Carlson Healy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RN, BCD
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
Feelings of chronic sadness, anxiety, and worry, can lead to difficulty getting the most out of your life. Having successfully helped adults and families for over twenty five years in practice and training in NYC, I now specialize in anxiety, panic disorders, depression, marital and family conflicts, and adjustments to loss, grief and trauma. I'm a seasoned clinician, both a nurse and clinical social worker, with expertise and clinical training in mental health and health care. We will work together to understand patterns, to gain mastery, self-awareness, and increased sense of direction.
Feelings of chronic sadness, anxiety, and worry, can lead to difficulty getting the most out of your life. Having successfully helped adults and families for over twenty five years in practice and training in NYC, I now specialize in anxiety, panic disorders, depression, marital and family conflicts, and adjustments to loss, grief and trauma. I'm a seasoned clinician, both a nurse and clinical social worker, with expertise and clinical training in mental health and health care. We will work together to understand patterns, to gain mastery, self-awareness, and increased sense of direction.
(610) 486-5974 View (610) 486-5974
Photo of Jaclyn Conrad, MS, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jaclyn Conrad
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355  (Online Only)
I am a Board-certified Licensed Professional Counselor with a master's degree in clinical mental health counseling. I specialize in providing individual therapy to adults dealing with anxiety, eating disorders, addiction, stress, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, difficult life transitions, relationship issues, and LGBTQIA+ issues. I approach therapy from a Person-Centered perspective and utilize interventions primarily based in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy while integrating additional evidence-based treatment interventions and techniques best suited for each client and their particular problem.
I am a Board-certified Licensed Professional Counselor with a master's degree in clinical mental health counseling. I specialize in providing individual therapy to adults dealing with anxiety, eating disorders, addiction, stress, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, difficult life transitions, relationship issues, and LGBTQIA+ issues. I approach therapy from a Person-Centered perspective and utilize interventions primarily based in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy while integrating additional evidence-based treatment interventions and techniques best suited for each client and their particular problem.
(412) 561-9918 View (412) 561-9918
Photo of Steve Shapiro, PhD, Psychologist
Steve Shapiro
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
Are you in emotional pain and ready for a change? Are anxiety, depression, self-defeating behavior or relationship issues standing between you and your happiness or personal goals? My aim is to help you begin healing as quickly as possible, even when the issues are long-standing. As a therapist, I am actively engaged in the process and collaborate to help you remove barriers and learn to use your innate capacities for growth. Together, we will explore the present and seek out transformational processes, rather than focus on the past or simply relive old wounds as a more traditional approach might.
Are you in emotional pain and ready for a change? Are anxiety, depression, self-defeating behavior or relationship issues standing between you and your happiness or personal goals? My aim is to help you begin healing as quickly as possible, even when the issues are long-standing. As a therapist, I am actively engaged in the process and collaborate to help you remove barriers and learn to use your innate capacities for growth. Together, we will explore the present and seek out transformational processes, rather than focus on the past or simply relive old wounds as a more traditional approach might.
(610) 688-4940 View (610) 688-4940
Photo of Paul Duncan Gushurst, LCSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paul Duncan Gushurst
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
Paul Gushurst graduated Phi Betta Kappa from the University of Mary Washington with a BS in Psychology and from Virginia Commonwealth University with a Master’s degree in Social Work. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and psychotherapist with over 14 years of experience working with emotionally and behaviorally challenged children and their families. He also has over 8 years of experience working with adults and seniors who are dealing with many of the common mental health issues including: anxiety, mood disorders (depression and bipolar); trauma, and anger. Paul is also skilled in working with couples.
Paul Gushurst graduated Phi Betta Kappa from the University of Mary Washington with a BS in Psychology and from Virginia Commonwealth University with a Master’s degree in Social Work. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and psychotherapist with over 14 years of experience working with emotionally and behaviorally challenged children and their families. He also has over 8 years of experience working with adults and seniors who are dealing with many of the common mental health issues including: anxiety, mood disorders (depression and bipolar); trauma, and anger. Paul is also skilled in working with couples.
(484) 255-8292 View (484) 255-8292
Photo of Heather Elizabeth Sheldon, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Heather Elizabeth Sheldon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
“Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.” Theodore Roosevelt. I really enjoy working with women grappling with transitional periods in their lives: exploring questions about intimate relationships, career decision making, the challenges of parenthood, questioning substance use/self-care and how identity changes throughout these phases. I also love working with parents, especially in assisting them in becoming the kind of parents they aspire to be when parenting becomes challenging. My third passion is providing guidance to individuals who are bravely pursuing the new path of recovery.
“Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.” Theodore Roosevelt. I really enjoy working with women grappling with transitional periods in their lives: exploring questions about intimate relationships, career decision making, the challenges of parenthood, questioning substance use/self-care and how identity changes throughout these phases. I also love working with parents, especially in assisting them in becoming the kind of parents they aspire to be when parenting becomes challenging. My third passion is providing guidance to individuals who are bravely pursuing the new path of recovery.
(484) 779-7163 View (484) 779-7163
Photo of Samantha Garrison, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Samantha Garrison
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
Hi! I have a master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Immaculata University and am an Licensed Professional Counselor in Pennsylvania. I take a Person-Centered approach in therapy, working collaboratively with clients to build a strong therapeutic relationship.
Hi! I have a master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Immaculata University and am an Licensed Professional Counselor in Pennsylvania. I take a Person-Centered approach in therapy, working collaboratively with clients to build a strong therapeutic relationship.
(484) 324-7725 View (484) 324-7725
Photo of Allison Brunner, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Allison Brunner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355  (Online Only)
You who are highly sensitive and feel a lot, welcome! You'll explore more deeply with me than in traditional talk therapy. You’ve likely tried psychotherapy before but have noticed that the work has either gone nowhere or taken you only so far, or you felt misunderstood. With an uncanny and intuitive ability to really “get” people from many walks of life, I will invite you to go beneath your thoughts, connect with your body and emotions, and gently access the root of your emotional discomfort and hurts to facilitate noticeable shifts with each session.
You who are highly sensitive and feel a lot, welcome! You'll explore more deeply with me than in traditional talk therapy. You’ve likely tried psychotherapy before but have noticed that the work has either gone nowhere or taken you only so far, or you felt misunderstood. With an uncanny and intuitive ability to really “get” people from many walks of life, I will invite you to go beneath your thoughts, connect with your body and emotions, and gently access the root of your emotional discomfort and hurts to facilitate noticeable shifts with each session.
(215) 798-5586 View (215) 798-5586
Photo of Lisa Diorio, MSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Lisa Diorio
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
Everyone deserves to live their life authentically and fully. Many of us are hindered by our past experiences and trauma. The shadow of trauma and pain may follow our daily lives and keep us from reaching our goals and deepening our relationships. Trauma therapy can be the course-correction needed to jump start your life. My passion is helping my clients sort through those experiences to reach their internal joy, peace and authenticity.
Everyone deserves to live their life authentically and fully. Many of us are hindered by our past experiences and trauma. The shadow of trauma and pain may follow our daily lives and keep us from reaching our goals and deepening our relationships. Trauma therapy can be the course-correction needed to jump start your life. My passion is helping my clients sort through those experiences to reach their internal joy, peace and authenticity.
(610) 540-7171 View (610) 540-7171
Photo of Tom DeVitis, MA, LPC, CAADC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tom DeVitis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CAADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
My aim as your therapist is to create a space where healing, empowerment, strength, and growth can be experienced. To achieve this, I draw upon interventions of mindfulness, cognitive behavioral therapy, and motivational interviewing to help you meet your goals in therapy. I believe therapy is not one thing for any one person, but that ultimately it can be a place where meaning and wholeness can be found. As your therapist I will always strive to meet you where you are at and to meet your needs in a way that is collaborative and effective.
My aim as your therapist is to create a space where healing, empowerment, strength, and growth can be experienced. To achieve this, I draw upon interventions of mindfulness, cognitive behavioral therapy, and motivational interviewing to help you meet your goals in therapy. I believe therapy is not one thing for any one person, but that ultimately it can be a place where meaning and wholeness can be found. As your therapist I will always strive to meet you where you are at and to meet your needs in a way that is collaborative and effective.
(484) 292-2797 View (484) 292-2797
Photo of Sophie Longwill, PsyD, HSPP, MBA, Psychologist
Sophie Longwill
Psychologist, PsyD, HSPP, MBA
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
I work collaboratively. Together our first task is to identify clearly what are the problems which bring you to me and to make sure that I understand them correctly. Then we decide on which methods would be best for you. I offer short term cognitive behavioral, EMDR, solution-focused approaches including mindfulness methods. My goal is to help you become your own therapist. I want you to learn to deal with yourself better so you can cope successfully with feelings of anxiety or depression, increase your wellbeing, and, have the life you want.
I work collaboratively. Together our first task is to identify clearly what are the problems which bring you to me and to make sure that I understand them correctly. Then we decide on which methods would be best for you. I offer short term cognitive behavioral, EMDR, solution-focused approaches including mindfulness methods. My goal is to help you become your own therapist. I want you to learn to deal with yourself better so you can cope successfully with feelings of anxiety or depression, increase your wellbeing, and, have the life you want.
(302) 469-0236 View (302) 469-0236
Photo of William L Patton, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
William L Patton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Malvern, PA 19355
In working with clients my hope has always been to work with people who are asking for help. Working with people who struggle with mood disorders, relationship struggles, and those who simply want to get to know themselves better. Whether that is addressing self-esteem, purpose, addiction, helping others gain confidence or direction, my goal has always been to give people a better sense of who they are.
In working with clients my hope has always been to work with people who are asking for help. Working with people who struggle with mood disorders, relationship struggles, and those who simply want to get to know themselves better. Whether that is addressing self-esteem, purpose, addiction, helping others gain confidence or direction, my goal has always been to give people a better sense of who they are.
(484) 715-8215 View (484) 715-8215
Photo of Ryan Strathy, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ryan Strathy
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I consider it to be an honor and a privilege to be a part of each individual’s healing and journey through therapy. I believe in the importance of creating a strong therapeutic relationship between myself and my clients. I strive to create such a relationship by treating each client with unconditional positive regard and empathy. Seeking and asking for help can be difficult especially if you have ever felt invalidated or unheard. I aim to support my clients in expressing their needs and becoming their authentic self and creating a meaningful, purposeful life.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I consider it to be an honor and a privilege to be a part of each individual’s healing and journey through therapy. I believe in the importance of creating a strong therapeutic relationship between myself and my clients. I strive to create such a relationship by treating each client with unconditional positive regard and empathy. Seeking and asking for help can be difficult especially if you have ever felt invalidated or unheard. I aim to support my clients in expressing their needs and becoming their authentic self and creating a meaningful, purposeful life.
(610) 756-1451 View (610) 756-1451
Photo of Abby S Mcgillivray, MSW, LCSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Abby S Mcgillivray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
Not accepting new clients
Abby specializes in psychotherapy and integrative wellness coaching. She has thirty years of experience counseling children, adults and families and coaching adults through life transitions. Abby obtained her Master's degree in Social Work from Syracuse University with a concentration in Family Mental Health. She is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and upholds the highest standards in her field as a Board Certified Clinical Social Worker.
Abby specializes in psychotherapy and integrative wellness coaching. She has thirty years of experience counseling children, adults and families and coaching adults through life transitions. Abby obtained her Master's degree in Social Work from Syracuse University with a concentration in Family Mental Health. She is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and upholds the highest standards in her field as a Board Certified Clinical Social Worker.
(610) 898-3226 View (610) 898-3226
Photo of Michele Chubb, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michele Chubb
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Malvern, PA 19355
Have you been struggling with depression, anxiety or relationship issues? Do you feel like you are stuck or in a spiral? Have you had trauma in your life? Do you feel like you have no one to talk to or that no one understands what you are going through? I can help with these issues and more. I offer a safe and accepting environment while using an eclectic approach that best fits your individual needs and strengths. I take the time to listen and understand. We will also take the time to develop the therapeutic relationship which is a key element to successful therapy.
Have you been struggling with depression, anxiety or relationship issues? Do you feel like you are stuck or in a spiral? Have you had trauma in your life? Do you feel like you have no one to talk to or that no one understands what you are going through? I can help with these issues and more. I offer a safe and accepting environment while using an eclectic approach that best fits your individual needs and strengths. I take the time to listen and understand. We will also take the time to develop the therapeutic relationship which is a key element to successful therapy.
(484) 406-3130 View (484) 406-3130

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19355

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 19355 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
66% Stress
65% Coping Skills
63% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% Highmark
73% Aetna
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 19355 see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19355?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.