Therapists in 19141

Photo of Jashawn Kelly, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Jashawn Kelly
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone whom I can have a good connection and rapport with as that is the most important factor in having success in therapy as you want the client to feel comfortable to express in addition to receive things. Someone who's having challenges with stress, depression, anxiety, trauma, anger, grief and or relationships is generally ideal for me. Their needs would have to be ones that I can hopefully fulfill and assist with. Their goals should be to reduce the challenges they are having as they should want a better quality of life as I aspire that for them
My ideal client is someone whom I can have a good connection and rapport with as that is the most important factor in having success in therapy as you want the client to feel comfortable to express in addition to receive things. Someone who's having challenges with stress, depression, anxiety, trauma, anger, grief and or relationships is generally ideal for me. Their needs would have to be ones that I can hopefully fulfill and assist with. Their goals should be to reduce the challenges they are having as they should want a better quality of life as I aspire that for them
View
Photo of Oshun Family Center, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19141, PA
Oshun Family Center
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, MFT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
The core mission of Oshun Family Center is to provide racially concordant care to members of the Black community that are struggling to cope with life transitions. Especially those impacted by postpartum mood changes, birth, and racial trauma. It is our goal to center the experiences of Black people and create a welcoming space for healing and refuge. CEO Saleemah McNeil is a Reproductive Psychotherapist, Certified Lactation Consultant, professionally trained Birth Doula, and a traumatic birth survivor. Saleemah has dedicated her work to helping families of color heal from traumatic birth experiences and transition into parenthood.
The core mission of Oshun Family Center is to provide racially concordant care to members of the Black community that are struggling to cope with life transitions. Especially those impacted by postpartum mood changes, birth, and racial trauma. It is our goal to center the experiences of Black people and create a welcoming space for healing and refuge. CEO Saleemah McNeil is a Reproductive Psychotherapist, Certified Lactation Consultant, professionally trained Birth Doula, and a traumatic birth survivor. Saleemah has dedicated her work to helping families of color heal from traumatic birth experiences and transition into parenthood.
(267) 318-4144 View (267) 318-4144
Photo of Ayinde (Randy) Robinson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Ayinde (Randy) Robinson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
Are you finding it hard to socialize or manage your anger? Are you finding that life is difficult to cope with? Are you looking for a spiritually integrated, holistic approach to your emotional and mental health? A counselor that’s committed to fostering a safe space for spiritual exploration, and a supportive and empathetic therapeutic environment for individuals seeking personal growth and improved mental well-being.
Are you finding it hard to socialize or manage your anger? Are you finding that life is difficult to cope with? Are you looking for a spiritually integrated, holistic approach to your emotional and mental health? A counselor that’s committed to fostering a safe space for spiritual exploration, and a supportive and empathetic therapeutic environment for individuals seeking personal growth and improved mental well-being.
(267) 329-0455 View (267) 329-0455
Photo of Jeffre St James, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Jeffre St James
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, PE
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
With a decade of experience, Philly-native Jeff St. James has worked to build up a meaningful reputation within the local mental health community. He is both a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Certified PE (Prolonged Exposure) Therapist and consultant for trauma victims suffering with PTSD. Prolonged Exposure is an evidence-based therapy also utilized in treating depression, anger, guilt, and general anxiety. In addition to being a trauma specialist, he works with individuals struggling with grief and loss, faith, motivation, hoarding, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, and relationship-marital issues.
With a decade of experience, Philly-native Jeff St. James has worked to build up a meaningful reputation within the local mental health community. He is both a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Certified PE (Prolonged Exposure) Therapist and consultant for trauma victims suffering with PTSD. Prolonged Exposure is an evidence-based therapy also utilized in treating depression, anger, guilt, and general anxiety. In addition to being a trauma specialist, he works with individuals struggling with grief and loss, faith, motivation, hoarding, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, and relationship-marital issues.
(267) 692-8254 View (267) 692-8254
Photo of Dr. Michael M Grant, Psychologist in 19141, PA
Dr. Michael M Grant
Psychologist, PhD, MBA
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
I offer therapy services for those 18+. Clients don't come to me because they are happy. They come, most likely, because they are in pain and hurt. They are tired of feeling stuck, and the fear, tears, and whatever seems to be causing them all. They aren’t interested in therapy because they want therapy. In fact, they are not even sure IF they want therapy—but they ARE sure they want to get unstuck and feel better. So, for you: here you are. . . not all that sure that this is going to help but damn sure you want to do something that might make a positive change and get your life moving forward again
I offer therapy services for those 18+. Clients don't come to me because they are happy. They come, most likely, because they are in pain and hurt. They are tired of feeling stuck, and the fear, tears, and whatever seems to be causing them all. They aren’t interested in therapy because they want therapy. In fact, they are not even sure IF they want therapy—but they ARE sure they want to get unstuck and feel better. So, for you: here you are. . . not all that sure that this is going to help but damn sure you want to do something that might make a positive change and get your life moving forward again
(215) 461-3609 View (215) 461-3609
Photo of Morgan Integrative Therapeutic Services, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19141, PA
Morgan Integrative Therapeutic Services, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW, PMC-CFT, MSW, RMT
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141
My work is especially helpful to those suffering from depression and the loss of loved ones whether its via death, or divorce/separation. I first address a re-focusing on the love of self and move outwards, because without developing or healing our true love of self, we can't effectively love others.
My work is especially helpful to those suffering from depression and the loss of loved ones whether its via death, or divorce/separation. I first address a re-focusing on the love of self and move outwards, because without developing or healing our true love of self, we can't effectively love others.
(215) 631-8199 View (215) 631-8199
Photo of Alimah Tifiyah Walker, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Alimah Tifiyah Walker
Licensed Professional Counselor, NCC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Are you struggling with issues related to trauma, grief, addiction, anxiety, or major life changes? There comes a time when help is needed from a licensed professional to cope with many of life’s challenges. Hello, My name is Alimah Walker, Psychotherapist and Transpersonal Counselor with over 25 years experience in the Philadelphia area, and I’m here to support you on your journey toward healing and self-discovery.
Are you struggling with issues related to trauma, grief, addiction, anxiety, or major life changes? There comes a time when help is needed from a licensed professional to cope with many of life’s challenges. Hello, My name is Alimah Walker, Psychotherapist and Transpersonal Counselor with over 25 years experience in the Philadelphia area, and I’m here to support you on your journey toward healing and self-discovery.
(215) 515-9781 View (215) 515-9781
Photo of Lesli Harper, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Lesli Harper
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
Have you ever felt stuck? Told yourself, “I don’t know what to do,” or “I don’t know where I’m going? Sometimes our “mental chatter” gets in our way and stops us from moving forward and growing in the ways we want. This is especially true when we’re feeling anxious, depleted, or burnt out. That’s when a professional coach or therapist can help. I have more than 15 years of experience supporting people to return to wholeness. That means finding your purpose, successfully navigating transitions, moving out of burnout, developing life and parenting skills, and to attaining your goals.
Have you ever felt stuck? Told yourself, “I don’t know what to do,” or “I don’t know where I’m going? Sometimes our “mental chatter” gets in our way and stops us from moving forward and growing in the ways we want. This is especially true when we’re feeling anxious, depleted, or burnt out. That’s when a professional coach or therapist can help. I have more than 15 years of experience supporting people to return to wholeness. That means finding your purpose, successfully navigating transitions, moving out of burnout, developing life and parenting skills, and to attaining your goals.
(215) 770-3551 View (215) 770-3551
Photo of Teresa Edmunds, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19141, PA
Teresa Edmunds
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
Hi, how are you? No really, how are you? If you are tired of saying, "I'm fine, I'm well, and/or I'm okay", when you really aren't then it may be time to seek assistance. My name is Teresa Edmunds and I'm a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) in the state of Pennsylvania, and I'm here to help. My therapeutic approach is integrated with short term behavioral approaches like CBT & psychodynamic approaches as needed. I utilize a realistic, straight-forward, & strength-based approach to work with you without making you feel judged.
Hi, how are you? No really, how are you? If you are tired of saying, "I'm fine, I'm well, and/or I'm okay", when you really aren't then it may be time to seek assistance. My name is Teresa Edmunds and I'm a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) in the state of Pennsylvania, and I'm here to help. My therapeutic approach is integrated with short term behavioral approaches like CBT & psychodynamic approaches as needed. I utilize a realistic, straight-forward, & strength-based approach to work with you without making you feel judged.
(888) 895-1033 x1 View (888) 895-1033 x1
Photo of Althea Barbara Stinson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19141, PA
Althea Barbara Stinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Althea works in the field of Mental Health providing care in the areas of: anger management, conflict resolution, ADHD, ODD, Anxiety and Depression, Relationship Issues, Child and Adolescent issues.
Althea works in the field of Mental Health providing care in the areas of: anger management, conflict resolution, ADHD, ODD, Anxiety and Depression, Relationship Issues, Child and Adolescent issues.
(215) 559-9958 View (215) 559-9958
Photo of Dr. Erin Stafford, Psychologist in 19141, PA
Dr. Erin Stafford
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
Therapy can be a beautiful journey of healing, empowerment, and growth, but starting that journey can be difficult and takes a lot of courage. Therapy can be a space to pause and navigate life’s challenges with the support of another. As a therapist, I believe that building a strong therapeutic relationship is a key component to creating a safe, accepting environment from which you can heal and grow. I prioritize relief from the pain that has brought you to this moment by providing strategies to better manage your symptoms. I also believe that true healing comes from deeper reflection and understanding of our experiences and culture
Therapy can be a beautiful journey of healing, empowerment, and growth, but starting that journey can be difficult and takes a lot of courage. Therapy can be a space to pause and navigate life’s challenges with the support of another. As a therapist, I believe that building a strong therapeutic relationship is a key component to creating a safe, accepting environment from which you can heal and grow. I prioritize relief from the pain that has brought you to this moment by providing strategies to better manage your symptoms. I also believe that true healing comes from deeper reflection and understanding of our experiences and culture
(484) 443-4714 View (484) 443-4714
Photo of Sheena Ford, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Sheena Ford
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
As a parent of a struggling teen/ young adult, you often wonder what can be done to help them feel better. You have tried many things yet there has been little to no lasting improvement. Your child’s personality has changed, they have challenges with relationships, their interests have decreased and you worry that things might get worse. You know that your child has great potential to do great things but the way things are going, their future looks bleak. Seeking help can be scary, because you want to make sure that your child has someone they can talk to but feel like even this step is risky.
As a parent of a struggling teen/ young adult, you often wonder what can be done to help them feel better. You have tried many things yet there has been little to no lasting improvement. Your child’s personality has changed, they have challenges with relationships, their interests have decreased and you worry that things might get worse. You know that your child has great potential to do great things but the way things are going, their future looks bleak. Seeking help can be scary, because you want to make sure that your child has someone they can talk to but feel like even this step is risky.
(856) 389-2425 View (856) 389-2425
Photo of Master Your Emotions, LLC, Counselor in 19141, PA
Master Your Emotions, LLC
Counselor, MA, LPC, LCPC, LNP
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
As a Therapist, I play a risky role in my client's life. I have the potential to become another fearful problematic relationship, which is, in most cases, the repetitive maladaptive pattern of functioning that causes clients to find themselves in tuff situations. I help people work on changing behaviors and deal with grief, anxiety, anger, and depression in a non-damaging approach to preserve my client's self-esteem and effectively make necessary changes. My goal of treatment is to help you protect your peace and learn what emotions are telling you to do.
As a Therapist, I play a risky role in my client's life. I have the potential to become another fearful problematic relationship, which is, in most cases, the repetitive maladaptive pattern of functioning that causes clients to find themselves in tuff situations. I help people work on changing behaviors and deal with grief, anxiety, anger, and depression in a non-damaging approach to preserve my client's self-esteem and effectively make necessary changes. My goal of treatment is to help you protect your peace and learn what emotions are telling you to do.
(610) 379-1361 View (610) 379-1361
Photo of Mind Body & Sol Counseling and Consultation, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Mind Body & Sol Counseling and Consultation
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Mind Body & Sol Counseling and Consultation (MBS) is a virtual mental health therapy service that provides our clients with access to personal, present, and professional care. Our primary focus is to create a safe space for BIPOC individuals and families, however, we are not biased and will work with everyone. We provide individual, couples, and family therapy. Are you struggling with who you are? Do you often wake up thinking "how did I get here?" MBS is here to support through getting unstuck when feeling "stuck." Let us help you create a new path today!
Mind Body & Sol Counseling and Consultation (MBS) is a virtual mental health therapy service that provides our clients with access to personal, present, and professional care. Our primary focus is to create a safe space for BIPOC individuals and families, however, we are not biased and will work with everyone. We provide individual, couples, and family therapy. Are you struggling with who you are? Do you often wake up thinking "how did I get here?" MBS is here to support through getting unstuck when feeling "stuck." Let us help you create a new path today!
(717) 794-8589 View (717) 794-8589
Photo of Charlotte Andrews, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Charlotte Andrews
Licensed Professional Counselor, LBS, LPC, CESP, JD
Verified
4 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Everyone including me, is going through or has gone through something at some point in their life. And when we do, sometimes we just need a little support, a little encouragement, a listening and caring ear or a little guidance and push in the right direction. We don't want to be judged but we want someone to understand. We want someone who is going to be there for us and support us in making the best decision for our next step or transition in life. No matter your circumstance, we can and will get through this together and it all starts with a conversation, so let's have one...
Everyone including me, is going through or has gone through something at some point in their life. And when we do, sometimes we just need a little support, a little encouragement, a listening and caring ear or a little guidance and push in the right direction. We don't want to be judged but we want someone to understand. We want someone who is going to be there for us and support us in making the best decision for our next step or transition in life. No matter your circumstance, we can and will get through this together and it all starts with a conversation, so let's have one...
(215) 712-8136 View (215) 712-8136
Photo of Dr. Emily Zimmerman-Levitt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19141, PA
Dr. Emily Zimmerman-Levitt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW, LCADC
Verified
8 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Therapy is a collaborative process. In therapy, we listen in a way that is different than friends or family might do. Like working a craft, we attend to the details, to the storytelling and to the storyteller. Patterns emerge, who are you? What do you value? What do you need? We then begin to rework the piece, together. My aim is to remain open to new tools and language with which to engage in this type of collaborative and deeply client centered practice and I want the client to feel that they are the central figure in their own treatment.
Therapy is a collaborative process. In therapy, we listen in a way that is different than friends or family might do. Like working a craft, we attend to the details, to the storytelling and to the storyteller. Patterns emerge, who are you? What do you value? What do you need? We then begin to rework the piece, together. My aim is to remain open to new tools and language with which to engage in this type of collaborative and deeply client centered practice and I want the client to feel that they are the central figure in their own treatment.
(908) 982-4731 View (908) 982-4731
Photo of Atiya W Pope, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Atiya W Pope
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, CMHC, NCC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141
My privilege as your therapist is to provide the opportunity and environment that will allow you as the client to feel safe to discuss any issue. I am a fully licensed clinical mental health counselor. As a professional, I always meet my clients where they are to help them transform and find change, learn growth and gain insight.
My privilege as your therapist is to provide the opportunity and environment that will allow you as the client to feel safe to discuss any issue. I am a fully licensed clinical mental health counselor. As a professional, I always meet my clients where they are to help them transform and find change, learn growth and gain insight.
(215) 782-6218 View (215) 782-6218
Photo of Lotus Counseling & Consulting, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Lotus Counseling & Consulting, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
At times, people just want to have a conversation and we put off going to counseling, because honestly we tell ourselves that this other thing is just a little bit more important, a bit more pressing. We forget to invest in ourselves. Life is tough, there is no doubt about that; but why go through it alone. Let me be that person for you to aid you through those tough times or I can simply be that someone that you talk with.
At times, people just want to have a conversation and we put off going to counseling, because honestly we tell ourselves that this other thing is just a little bit more important, a bit more pressing. We forget to invest in ourselves. Life is tough, there is no doubt about that; but why go through it alone. Let me be that person for you to aid you through those tough times or I can simply be that someone that you talk with.
(484) 214-2598 View (484) 214-2598
Photo of Queer Poly Coach LLC, Psychologist in 19141, PA
Queer Poly Coach LLC
Psychologist, PsyD, MEd
Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Jenn DiBartolomeo! At Queer Poly Coach, I am dedicated to providing my clients with the tools and guidance needed to build healthy and thriving relationships. My ideal client is a member of the LGBTQ+ and/or Polyamorous communities and is looking to explore their sexuality in an open and non-judgmental environment. Whether you're exploring your sexuality, seeking to create meaningful connections, or looking to deepen your existing relationships, I'm here to support you every step of the way!
Hi, my name is Jenn DiBartolomeo! At Queer Poly Coach, I am dedicated to providing my clients with the tools and guidance needed to build healthy and thriving relationships. My ideal client is a member of the LGBTQ+ and/or Polyamorous communities and is looking to explore their sexuality in an open and non-judgmental environment. Whether you're exploring your sexuality, seeking to create meaningful connections, or looking to deepen your existing relationships, I'm here to support you every step of the way!
(862) 366-4835 View (862) 366-4835
Photo of Joseph Marsh, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19141, PA
Joseph Marsh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19141  (Online Only)
“It’s always best to believe in one’s self, but a little help from others can be a great blessing!” I view each person as the main character in their book of life. Each book contains stories of joy, sadness, exploration, struggle, and most importantly, HOPE. My goal to assist in exploring these stories, whether you encounter depression, anxiety, life transitions, relationship issues, intersectional struggles, or self-esteem issues. I am especially sensitive to those impacted by LGBTQ issues, religious minorities, activists, uniformed public servants, and those experiencing depression.
“It’s always best to believe in one’s self, but a little help from others can be a great blessing!” I view each person as the main character in their book of life. Each book contains stories of joy, sadness, exploration, struggle, and most importantly, HOPE. My goal to assist in exploring these stories, whether you encounter depression, anxiety, life transitions, relationship issues, intersectional struggles, or self-esteem issues. I am especially sensitive to those impacted by LGBTQ issues, religious minorities, activists, uniformed public servants, and those experiencing depression.
(412) 226-4125 View (412) 226-4125

See more therapy options for 19141

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19141

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 19141 who prioritize treating:

85% Depression
85% Anxiety
70% Relationship Issues
65% Trauma and PTSD
60% Stress
55% Life Coaching
55% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
78% Cigna and Evernorth
67% Highmark

How Therapists in 19141 see their clients

65% Online Only
35% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19141?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.