Therapists in 18411

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Photo of Sarah Holden, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 18411, PA
Sarah Holden
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Hello! My name is Sarah Holden and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker! Beginning therapy can be a difficult step but I assure you, scheduling your first appointment is the hardest. The most important part of therapy is having a non judgmental safe space where you can begin the healing process and be HAPPY! I am passionate about helping others find their inner voice and establish personal goals. I am currently accepting daytime appointments.
Hello! My name is Sarah Holden and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker! Beginning therapy can be a difficult step but I assure you, scheduling your first appointment is the hardest. The most important part of therapy is having a non judgmental safe space where you can begin the healing process and be HAPPY! I am passionate about helping others find their inner voice and establish personal goals. I am currently accepting daytime appointments.
(272) 359-7840 View (272) 359-7840
Photo of Nicole Kaufman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Nicole Kaufman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CCTP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Hello! I believe the therapeutic relationship can be healing in itself and that empathy and compassion can go a long way in helping a person achieve overall wellness. I have experience working with people struggling with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, trauma, sexual assault/abuse, self-esteem, relationships, parenthood, and transitional issues. Each person's situation is unique and I promise to treat it as such with my counseling education and experience in mind.
Hello! I believe the therapeutic relationship can be healing in itself and that empathy and compassion can go a long way in helping a person achieve overall wellness. I have experience working with people struggling with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, trauma, sexual assault/abuse, self-esteem, relationships, parenthood, and transitional issues. Each person's situation is unique and I promise to treat it as such with my counseling education and experience in mind.
(272) 203-8650 View (272) 203-8650
Photo of Katherine Hauser, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 18411, PA
Katherine Hauser, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Are you searching for a warm and safe place, a safe person with whom you can share your story? In my practice, my goal is to create that space for you, to hold that space for you in each session so that you can bring all that has been weighing you down and together we can lift the burden. I am more than happy to help you find that space in person or over video therapy if that is more comfortable for you. I offer warmth, caring, and clinical expertise gained through extensive training from my grad program at Columbia University and postgraduate training at the Center for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis of NJ.
Are you searching for a warm and safe place, a safe person with whom you can share your story? In my practice, my goal is to create that space for you, to hold that space for you in each session so that you can bring all that has been weighing you down and together we can lift the burden. I am more than happy to help you find that space in person or over video therapy if that is more comfortable for you. I offer warmth, caring, and clinical expertise gained through extensive training from my grad program at Columbia University and postgraduate training at the Center for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis of NJ.
(570) 373-9978 View (570) 373-9978
Photo of John O'Bell, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
John O'Bell
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
I am a licensed counselor working for about 11 years, enjoying engaging with clients about issues or concerns they are experiencing. There are so many advances in the field of counseling and psychology I feel as though we can not only diminish symptoms of anxiety or depression, we can help clients overcome their challenges. These new techniques can be utilized so that clients can reach their fullest potential and overcome negative patterns of behavior.
I am a licensed counselor working for about 11 years, enjoying engaging with clients about issues or concerns they are experiencing. There are so many advances in the field of counseling and psychology I feel as though we can not only diminish symptoms of anxiety or depression, we can help clients overcome their challenges. These new techniques can be utilized so that clients can reach their fullest potential and overcome negative patterns of behavior.
(570) 512-5853 View (570) 512-5853
Photo of CB Counseling LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
CB Counseling LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA, NCC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Clarks Green, PA 18411
Our associates believe that clients are the experts on their lives and we are guides to help them get to their ideal selves. We use cognitive-behavioral, insight oriented therapy as well as other modalities to help clients achieve their goals. While we are nurturing and kind as therapists, we also believe in keeping clients accountable to work toward their initial purpose for entering therapy. We are qualified to work with most issues that a client may present with, with the exception of sexual offenders.
Our associates believe that clients are the experts on their lives and we are guides to help them get to their ideal selves. We use cognitive-behavioral, insight oriented therapy as well as other modalities to help clients achieve their goals. While we are nurturing and kind as therapists, we also believe in keeping clients accountable to work toward their initial purpose for entering therapy. We are qualified to work with most issues that a client may present with, with the exception of sexual offenders.
(570) 437-8554 View (570) 437-8554
Photo of Kathleen Karnoff, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Kathleen Karnoff
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, NBCCH, NBCC, DCC
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor(LPC), Board Certified Telemental Health Provider(BC-TMH), National Board Certified Hypnotherapist and Grief Recovery Specialist. My Doctoral Degree is in Behavior Health. I an an energetic therapist with an optimistic view of personal relationships. I believe success in a clients life is formed by examining core personal values. I work with a directive style using the beliefs and emotions of the client to aid them in transitioning through difficult times. My personal and professional experience can help you to benefit from the insights that I have gained over my years.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor(LPC), Board Certified Telemental Health Provider(BC-TMH), National Board Certified Hypnotherapist and Grief Recovery Specialist. My Doctoral Degree is in Behavior Health. I an an energetic therapist with an optimistic view of personal relationships. I believe success in a clients life is formed by examining core personal values. I work with a directive style using the beliefs and emotions of the client to aid them in transitioning through difficult times. My personal and professional experience can help you to benefit from the insights that I have gained over my years.
(570) 795-9918 View (570) 795-9918
Photo of Patricia O'Rourke Cummings, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Patricia O'Rourke Cummings
Licensed Professional Counselor, RYT 200, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified
As a Licensed Psychotherapist and Registered Yoga Teacher, I work with a holistic approach focused on one's mind, body and spirit- I help clients navigate issues related to anxiety, depression, trauma, self-esteem, relationship issues, sexual issues, aging, stress and chronic illness. I have a special interest in trauma, eating disorders and dissociative disorders.
As a Licensed Psychotherapist and Registered Yoga Teacher, I work with a holistic approach focused on one's mind, body and spirit- I help clients navigate issues related to anxiety, depression, trauma, self-esteem, relationship issues, sexual issues, aging, stress and chronic illness. I have a special interest in trauma, eating disorders and dissociative disorders.
(272) 435-8162 View (272) 435-8162
Photo of Amanda Burnside, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Amanda Burnside
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, ATR-BC, LPC
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411  (Online Only)
Life can be a difficult, heavy thing to deal with. We are not meant to carry the weight of the world on our shoulders. It can be isolating and debilitating going it alone and can become overwhelming. Do you feel stuck? Have you our your loved ones struggled with substance as a result of these feelings? Do you need support as you help your loved ones in addiction/recovery? I am a Board-Certified Registered Art Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Pennsylvania, who specializes in addiction, anxiety, and ADHD. I cater my therapeutic approaches to individuals 18+.
Life can be a difficult, heavy thing to deal with. We are not meant to carry the weight of the world on our shoulders. It can be isolating and debilitating going it alone and can become overwhelming. Do you feel stuck? Have you our your loved ones struggled with substance as a result of these feelings? Do you need support as you help your loved ones in addiction/recovery? I am a Board-Certified Registered Art Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Pennsylvania, who specializes in addiction, anxiety, and ADHD. I cater my therapeutic approaches to individuals 18+.
(570) 215-5068 View (570) 215-5068
Photo of Emy Monday, Psychologist in 18411, PA
Emy Monday
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
We repeat what we don't repair. If it feels like you or your child is stuck in a cycle that isn't working for you and you're at your limit and don't know how to make anything better, please know two things: you are not alone and we can repair this. I am a licensed psychologist and I offer psychotherapy to children, adolescents, adults, and parents. I have experience treating a wide variety of concerns. My style is warm, empathic, genuine, and caring. I believe in the collaborative process of therapy and my primary focus is on building a supportive and safe therapeutic relationship to help you (or your kiddo) face life's challenges.
We repeat what we don't repair. If it feels like you or your child is stuck in a cycle that isn't working for you and you're at your limit and don't know how to make anything better, please know two things: you are not alone and we can repair this. I am a licensed psychologist and I offer psychotherapy to children, adolescents, adults, and parents. I have experience treating a wide variety of concerns. My style is warm, empathic, genuine, and caring. I believe in the collaborative process of therapy and my primary focus is on building a supportive and safe therapeutic relationship to help you (or your kiddo) face life's challenges.
(828) 771-6187 View (828) 771-6187
Photo of Susan Wilkerson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Susan Wilkerson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Are you experiencing a situation that is challenging, overwhelming, or unexpected? Are you feeling stuck, uncertain, isolated, sad, anxious, or angry? Life can feel difficult sometimes. It’s my privilege to accompany you on your journey toward fostering growth, empowerment, and the attainment of your personal goals, all while promoting positive self-care. My approach is eclectic and flexible, based on your needs. I provide a nurturing and supportive style, aimed at cultivating a positive and welcoming atmosphere for my clients as we work together to reach your goals.
Are you experiencing a situation that is challenging, overwhelming, or unexpected? Are you feeling stuck, uncertain, isolated, sad, anxious, or angry? Life can feel difficult sometimes. It’s my privilege to accompany you on your journey toward fostering growth, empowerment, and the attainment of your personal goals, all while promoting positive self-care. My approach is eclectic and flexible, based on your needs. I provide a nurturing and supportive style, aimed at cultivating a positive and welcoming atmosphere for my clients as we work together to reach your goals.
(272) 227-2634 View (272) 227-2634
Photo of Emily Golden, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Emily Golden
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Hello. I am a Licensed professional counselor with 4+ years of experience. I received a Master of Science degree in Family, Marriage, and Couple Counseling from Walden University in 2019. I have worked with families, couples, and individuals to help improve their communication, strengthen bonds in their relationships, and reach their individual goals. I have experience working with individuals ages 8+. I will meet you where you are, and together we will establish your goals and work towards achieving those goals.
Hello. I am a Licensed professional counselor with 4+ years of experience. I received a Master of Science degree in Family, Marriage, and Couple Counseling from Walden University in 2019. I have worked with families, couples, and individuals to help improve their communication, strengthen bonds in their relationships, and reach their individual goals. I have experience working with individuals ages 8+. I will meet you where you are, and together we will establish your goals and work towards achieving those goals.
(272) 203-8568 View (272) 203-8568
Photo of Christine E DeSousa, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Christine E DeSousa
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
I enjoy working with a variety of people from all walks of life. Each person comes with their own set of strengths, accomplishments, challenges, mistakes, goals, ideas, and questions. I have worked with people who have dealt with anxiety, domestic abuse, emotional abuse, relationship issues, stress, low self esteem, families with children on the autism spectrum, college struggles, chronic mental health issues,and Asperger's syndrome among others. I see my role as counselor as someone who will listen and help the client brainstorm different ways of reacting to the world, while exploring ways to ultimately accept and become the person one strives to be.
I enjoy working with a variety of people from all walks of life. Each person comes with their own set of strengths, accomplishments, challenges, mistakes, goals, ideas, and questions. I have worked with people who have dealt with anxiety, domestic abuse, emotional abuse, relationship issues, stress, low self esteem, families with children on the autism spectrum, college struggles, chronic mental health issues,and Asperger's syndrome among others. I see my role as counselor as someone who will listen and help the client brainstorm different ways of reacting to the world, while exploring ways to ultimately accept and become the person one strives to be.
(570) 213-5282 View (570) 213-5282
Photo of Christy Bonczek, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Christy Bonczek
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Not accepting new clients
My passion consists of helping clients overcome addictions of all kinds, obsessive thinking, OCD, impulse control issues, anxiety and panic issues. I enjoy helping clients find their power and achieve results by taking control over their thoughts. I accomplish this through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques to identify and target negative thought patterns, which leads to unwanted feelings and behaviors.
My passion consists of helping clients overcome addictions of all kinds, obsessive thinking, OCD, impulse control issues, anxiety and panic issues. I enjoy helping clients find their power and achieve results by taking control over their thoughts. I accomplish this through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques to identify and target negative thought patterns, which leads to unwanted feelings and behaviors.
(570) 437-8014 View (570) 437-8014
Photo of Fauve Luckey, Psychologist in 18411, PA
Fauve Luckey
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Hello! I am a licensed psychologist in the state of Pennsylvania. I offer psychological services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. I serve a variety of people and can help with many presenting issues. These include: ADHD, Oppositional Defiance Disorder, Autistic Spectrum Disorder Anxiety, Depression, Bereavement/Grief, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Eating Disorders, and marital issues.
Hello! I am a licensed psychologist in the state of Pennsylvania. I offer psychological services to children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families. I serve a variety of people and can help with many presenting issues. These include: ADHD, Oppositional Defiance Disorder, Autistic Spectrum Disorder Anxiety, Depression, Bereavement/Grief, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Eating Disorders, and marital issues.
(570) 316-0929 View (570) 316-0929
Photo of Amanda Neri Luchansky, Psychologist in 18411, PA
Amanda Neri Luchansky
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
As a psychologist I help people struggling with anxiety, depression, and other concerns using psychotherapy. This means that I will meet with you regularly and use empirically supported methods to help you with your concerns. My primary focus is the treatment of anxiety disorders, mood disorders, relationship distress, academic or occupational stress, and issues of adjustment. I also have experience helping people cope with and adjust to living with various medical conditions.
As a psychologist I help people struggling with anxiety, depression, and other concerns using psychotherapy. This means that I will meet with you regularly and use empirically supported methods to help you with your concerns. My primary focus is the treatment of anxiety disorders, mood disorders, relationship distress, academic or occupational stress, and issues of adjustment. I also have experience helping people cope with and adjust to living with various medical conditions.
(570) 391-0812 View (570) 391-0812
Photo of Paul Janeski Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Paul Janeski Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, CRC
Verified
6 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411  (Online Only)
The voice in the head has a life of its own. Most people are at the mercy of that voice; they are possessed by thought & by the mind. Since the mind is conditioned by the past, you are then forced to reenact the past again and again. This quote by Eckart Tolle is at the core of my belief in what troubles most of us. We live in our minds, incessantly thinking about our fears, failings, troubled relationships, losses, & shortcomings. We spend too much time inside the mind. The trouble is that when we treat our thoughts and feelings as facts, we allow anxiety, doubt, sadness, hopelessness & self-loathing to take hold and thrive.
The voice in the head has a life of its own. Most people are at the mercy of that voice; they are possessed by thought & by the mind. Since the mind is conditioned by the past, you are then forced to reenact the past again and again. This quote by Eckart Tolle is at the core of my belief in what troubles most of us. We live in our minds, incessantly thinking about our fears, failings, troubled relationships, losses, & shortcomings. We spend too much time inside the mind. The trouble is that when we treat our thoughts and feelings as facts, we allow anxiety, doubt, sadness, hopelessness & self-loathing to take hold and thrive.
(570) 279-4708 View (570) 279-4708
Photo of Amy Krukovitz, Psychologist in 18411, PA
Amy Krukovitz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
I view therapy as a collaborative process that can allow individuals to experience personal growth and the ability to live with a deeper sense of meaning. Using evidence-based techniques I work to help individuals to improve their quality of life, decrease the negative affects of stress and depression, and to realize and let go of problematic relational patterns.
I view therapy as a collaborative process that can allow individuals to experience personal growth and the ability to live with a deeper sense of meaning. Using evidence-based techniques I work to help individuals to improve their quality of life, decrease the negative affects of stress and depression, and to realize and let go of problematic relational patterns.
(570) 669-3710 View (570) 669-3710
Photo of Katherine Carrill, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 18411, PA
Katherine Carrill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Accepted. Seen. Heard. If these words reflect the opposite of how you often feel, you are in the right place. Do you frequently find yourself split between different worlds? Do you often feel you are trying to live up to standards but falling short? If you feel tired and overwhelmed by the work it takes to get through the day, you are not alone. I would be privileged to sit with you wherever you are in your journey and work toward your personal goals.
Accepted. Seen. Heard. If these words reflect the opposite of how you often feel, you are in the right place. Do you frequently find yourself split between different worlds? Do you often feel you are trying to live up to standards but falling short? If you feel tired and overwhelmed by the work it takes to get through the day, you are not alone. I would be privileged to sit with you wherever you are in your journey and work toward your personal goals.
(272) 444-2925 View (272) 444-2925
Photo of Dr. Cynthia Edwards-Hawver, Psychologist in 18411, PA
Dr. Cynthia Edwards-Hawver
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Deciding to seek therapy is a life changing decision that takes courage and vulnerability. I'm glad you are making this life-changing step towards a better future. Finding the right therapist can be difficult with all the choices out there and finding the right fit is imperative. If you are looking for a psychologist who is compassionate, experienced, straightforward, and who does not take a "one size fits all" approach to therapy, you're in the right place. I am trained in psychodynamic, interpersonal, cognitive behavioral, couples, family, and internal family systems therapies. I also use hypnosis and EFT when appropriate.
Deciding to seek therapy is a life changing decision that takes courage and vulnerability. I'm glad you are making this life-changing step towards a better future. Finding the right therapist can be difficult with all the choices out there and finding the right fit is imperative. If you are looking for a psychologist who is compassionate, experienced, straightforward, and who does not take a "one size fits all" approach to therapy, you're in the right place. I am trained in psychodynamic, interpersonal, cognitive behavioral, couples, family, and internal family systems therapies. I also use hypnosis and EFT when appropriate.
(570) 431-1420 View (570) 431-1420
Photo of Lisa Layne, Licensed Professional Counselor in 18411, PA
Lisa Layne
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Clarks Summit, PA 18411
Welcome! I am a licensed professional counselor with over 18 years of clinical experience and a passion for working with adults. Concerns that I commonly treat include depression, anxiety, life transitions, struggles related to pregnancy (fertility, loss, postpartum depression or anxiety, difficult birth, etc), parenting, balancing work life responsibilities, improving relationships and managing stress.
Welcome! I am a licensed professional counselor with over 18 years of clinical experience and a passion for working with adults. Concerns that I commonly treat include depression, anxiety, life transitions, struggles related to pregnancy (fertility, loss, postpartum depression or anxiety, difficult birth, etc), parenting, balancing work life responsibilities, improving relationships and managing stress.
(272) 213-3143 View (272) 213-3143

See more therapy options for 18411

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 18411

70+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in 18411 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
87% Relationship Issues
86% Self Esteem
79% Grief
75% Coping Skills
71% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Highmark
83% BlueCross and BlueShield
80% Geisinger

How Therapists in 18411 see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 18411?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.