Therapists in 16823

Photo of Emily Bumgarner, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Emily Bumgarner
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
We strive to have a life of balance or at least hope to. My goal is to provide a safe space, encouragement and a sound listening board. I have worked in the mental health field for 15 years. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults. My experience includes working with clients in regards to anxiety and depressive symptoms. I have experience working with ADHD and spectrum diagnoses. My modalities of therapy consists of CBT, Mindfulness, Motivational Interviewing, and Behavioral. I also provide supervision for those searching for a qualified clinician to fulfill licensing hours.
We strive to have a life of balance or at least hope to. My goal is to provide a safe space, encouragement and a sound listening board. I have worked in the mental health field for 15 years. I have experience working with children, adolescents and adults. My experience includes working with clients in regards to anxiety and depressive symptoms. I have experience working with ADHD and spectrum diagnoses. My modalities of therapy consists of CBT, Mindfulness, Motivational Interviewing, and Behavioral. I also provide supervision for those searching for a qualified clinician to fulfill licensing hours.
(814) 334-3073 View (814) 334-3073
Photo of Jenna Mueller, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Jenna Mueller
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, and struggling to manage the day-to-day stressors? Are you feeling upset or overwhelmed regarding the state of change currently surrounding us? Do you feel like the day-to-day stressors are overtaking your ability to cope and utilize effective coping strategies? Are you interested in wanting to learn more about yourself, your talents, meeting your own goals and dreams and getting out of the feelings of being stuck?
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, and struggling to manage the day-to-day stressors? Are you feeling upset or overwhelmed regarding the state of change currently surrounding us? Do you feel like the day-to-day stressors are overtaking your ability to cope and utilize effective coping strategies? Are you interested in wanting to learn more about yourself, your talents, meeting your own goals and dreams and getting out of the feelings of being stuck?
(814) 250-8359 View (814) 250-8359
Photo of Hutchinson Counseling and Consulting, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Hutchinson Counseling and Consulting, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, Ph D, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823  (Online Only)
We are all facing a difficult and challenging time. Acknowledging that you may need a little help and reaching out to someone for support is an important first step. I am committed to creating a non-judgmental, safe space for you to have a dialogue with me. I work with individuals who have experienced traumatic events, suffer from stress, anxiety, depression, challenges in their personal/work relationships. Maybe you just simply "feel off" or "stuck". Please email me to schedule a virtual appointment. My hope is that you will take this step to give yourself a chance to feel better.
We are all facing a difficult and challenging time. Acknowledging that you may need a little help and reaching out to someone for support is an important first step. I am committed to creating a non-judgmental, safe space for you to have a dialogue with me. I work with individuals who have experienced traumatic events, suffer from stress, anxiety, depression, challenges in their personal/work relationships. Maybe you just simply "feel off" or "stuck". Please email me to schedule a virtual appointment. My hope is that you will take this step to give yourself a chance to feel better.
(814) 203-4343 View (814) 203-4343
Photo of Amber Kresovich, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Amber Kresovich
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Over the last 15 years I have had the pleasure of working with children, teens, families, and adults in school, home, community, and office settings. I strive to provide an environment that clients feel safe, supported, and validated. In turn, this will lead to a positive therapeutic relationship in which self-reflection and processing can take place. My goal is for you to recognize your strengths that I see in you and help uncover your hidden potential. I hope to help you, your child, or your family with whatever obstacles or challenges you may be facing.
Over the last 15 years I have had the pleasure of working with children, teens, families, and adults in school, home, community, and office settings. I strive to provide an environment that clients feel safe, supported, and validated. In turn, this will lead to a positive therapeutic relationship in which self-reflection and processing can take place. My goal is for you to recognize your strengths that I see in you and help uncover your hidden potential. I hope to help you, your child, or your family with whatever obstacles or challenges you may be facing.
(814) 581-4488 View (814) 581-4488
Photo of Amber Thomas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 16823, PA
Amber Thomas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has worked & trained in the mental health field for more than 10 years. During the course of my career, I have had the privilege of working with clients who were diverse in the areas of age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability status, socioeconomic status, & spiritual/religious affiliation. I have worked in various settings & in different roles such as an Outpatient Therapist, a Mental Health Professional in a Partial Hospitalization Program, a Sexual Assault Counselor in a Domestic Violence Shelter & an Assistant Director of Clinical Services in a psychiatric hospital.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has worked & trained in the mental health field for more than 10 years. During the course of my career, I have had the privilege of working with clients who were diverse in the areas of age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability status, socioeconomic status, & spiritual/religious affiliation. I have worked in various settings & in different roles such as an Outpatient Therapist, a Mental Health Professional in a Partial Hospitalization Program, a Sexual Assault Counselor in a Domestic Violence Shelter & an Assistant Director of Clinical Services in a psychiatric hospital.
(814) 257-5062 View (814) 257-5062
Photo of Shawna L McKean, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Shawna L McKean
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MEd, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I employ a holistic approach enabling the client to heal in their own time within a safe, understanding and caring environment. In relationship therapy, I assist couples in doing the work needed to heal their relationship and move forward, with healthier communication and expectations. Healing from sexual abuse is a painful journey. I have experience in working with both victims and perpetrators, which gives me a unique perspective and understanding to assist you in your healing journey.
I employ a holistic approach enabling the client to heal in their own time within a safe, understanding and caring environment. In relationship therapy, I assist couples in doing the work needed to heal their relationship and move forward, with healthier communication and expectations. Healing from sexual abuse is a painful journey. I have experience in working with both victims and perpetrators, which gives me a unique perspective and understanding to assist you in your healing journey.
(814) 359-7244 View (814) 359-7244
Photo of Integral Psychology, Psychologist in 16823, PA
Integral Psychology
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Integral Psychology was established by David Durst, PhD and Jessica Durst, LPC with one principle in mind, client centered care. With a combined 35 years of mental health experience, the clinicians at Integral Psychology emphasize both symptom reduction and search for self through positive and challenging sessions. Because Integral Psychology emphasizes client care, we limit session availability to ensure clients are afforded engaged, focused and collaborative care.
Integral Psychology was established by David Durst, PhD and Jessica Durst, LPC with one principle in mind, client centered care. With a combined 35 years of mental health experience, the clinicians at Integral Psychology emphasize both symptom reduction and search for self through positive and challenging sessions. Because Integral Psychology emphasizes client care, we limit session availability to ensure clients are afforded engaged, focused and collaborative care.
(814) 801-3394 View (814) 801-3394
Photo of Pathways to Inner Peace in 16823, PA
Pathways to Inner Peace
MS
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Adriene holds intuitively-guided psychotherapy, psycho-spiritual counseling, &/or energy healing sessions to help individuals heal from traumas, remove blockages, & gain an understanding of life events to help clients turn difficult situations into valuable lessons and gifts. With each session as individual as the person, she navigates clients through a unique process to help them transform subconscious forces of personality, old negative patterns, and challenging emotional states. Sessions cultivate mindfulness, foster personal resilience, & build faith in life, all for lasting change.
Adriene holds intuitively-guided psychotherapy, psycho-spiritual counseling, &/or energy healing sessions to help individuals heal from traumas, remove blockages, & gain an understanding of life events to help clients turn difficult situations into valuable lessons and gifts. With each session as individual as the person, she navigates clients through a unique process to help them transform subconscious forces of personality, old negative patterns, and challenging emotional states. Sessions cultivate mindfulness, foster personal resilience, & build faith in life, all for lasting change.
(814) 250-3502 View (814) 250-3502
Photo of Paula Ann Stahl, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 16823, PA
Paula Ann Stahl
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I believe that the ability to grow and change lies within us all. My goal is to provide a supportive environment so that my clients can explore and discover their inner strengths. I enjoy helping individuals navigate through the obstacles and difficulties they are facing. I strive to assist clients in developing the skills necessary for self-empowerment, and improvement of the overall quality of their lives. I use an eclectic blend of therapeutic modalities to achieve this with the individuals that I work with.
I believe that the ability to grow and change lies within us all. My goal is to provide a supportive environment so that my clients can explore and discover their inner strengths. I enjoy helping individuals navigate through the obstacles and difficulties they are facing. I strive to assist clients in developing the skills necessary for self-empowerment, and improvement of the overall quality of their lives. I use an eclectic blend of therapeutic modalities to achieve this with the individuals that I work with.
(814) 389-1964 View (814) 389-1964
Photo of Katelynn Bender-Hubbard, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Katelynn Bender-Hubbard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Are you struggling to adjust to college, a job or another life event? Are you feeling stressed, overwhelmed or burned out? Do you have a history of mental health concerns such as bipolar disorder, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation or low self-worth? You are not alone. I strive to provide an unconditionally accepting environment where you will feel free and comfortable to be yourself while supporting you to overcome the obstacles you experience.
Are you struggling to adjust to college, a job or another life event? Are you feeling stressed, overwhelmed or burned out? Do you have a history of mental health concerns such as bipolar disorder, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation or low self-worth? You are not alone. I strive to provide an unconditionally accepting environment where you will feel free and comfortable to be yourself while supporting you to overcome the obstacles you experience.
(814) 318-8513 View (814) 318-8513
Photo of Jessica N Namias, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Jessica N Namias
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I have 15 years of experience working with children and adults of diverse backgrounds. I have helped clients with issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, anger management, addiction, stress & time management, relationship concerns, general communication skills, and spiritual and religious concerns/inquiry.
I have 15 years of experience working with children and adults of diverse backgrounds. I have helped clients with issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, anger management, addiction, stress & time management, relationship concerns, general communication skills, and spiritual and religious concerns/inquiry.
(814) 250-8169 View (814) 250-8169
Photo of Andrew Gerald Mckinnon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 16823, PA
Andrew Gerald Mckinnon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823  (Online Only)
I offer individual psychotherapy for adolescents and adults. Many of my clients present with anxiety, depression, and problems in relationships. I often use Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as a starting point with these issues. However, such problems may be symptomatic of deeper concerns such as trauma or an absence of meaning in one's life. In these cases, I may use ACT coupled with Ecotherapy or Three Stage Trauma Therapy. I feel that my effectiveness in helping clients derives from life experience, strong client advocacy, and a focus on the context in which clients' problems are found.
I offer individual psychotherapy for adolescents and adults. Many of my clients present with anxiety, depression, and problems in relationships. I often use Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as a starting point with these issues. However, such problems may be symptomatic of deeper concerns such as trauma or an absence of meaning in one's life. In these cases, I may use ACT coupled with Ecotherapy or Three Stage Trauma Therapy. I feel that my effectiveness in helping clients derives from life experience, strong client advocacy, and a focus on the context in which clients' problems are found.
(814) 205-2473 View (814) 205-2473
Photo of Breakwater Counseling Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Breakwater Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Life is sometimes messy and we all need a little help occasionally to navigate the real life struggles that come along. I am a caring, down to earth person who is committed to helping you discover your own best solutions to life's challenges. I don't pretend to know what I don't know. If I can't help you, I will help you find someone who can.
Life is sometimes messy and we all need a little help occasionally to navigate the real life struggles that come along. I am a caring, down to earth person who is committed to helping you discover your own best solutions to life's challenges. I don't pretend to know what I don't know. If I can't help you, I will help you find someone who can.
(814) 272-0920 View (814) 272-0920
Photo of Timothy C Evans, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Timothy C Evans
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMFT, CAADC, NCC, MAC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
My name is Timothy C. Evans. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, Marriage & Family Therapist and Addiction Counselor in the states of Pennsylvania and Texas. I have 37 years of practice. I moved my practice to State College, Pennsylvania, from the Dallas/Fort Worth Texas area to be closer to my family. I received my Master of Divinity in 1983 from Oral Roberts University School of Theology in Tulsa, Oklahoma. I completed postgraduate work at Texas Christian University Brite Divinity School in Ft. Worth, Texas. Later I received my Masters of Science in Counseling and Guidance from Texas A&M University: Commerce, Texas in 1987.
My name is Timothy C. Evans. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, Marriage & Family Therapist and Addiction Counselor in the states of Pennsylvania and Texas. I have 37 years of practice. I moved my practice to State College, Pennsylvania, from the Dallas/Fort Worth Texas area to be closer to my family. I received my Master of Divinity in 1983 from Oral Roberts University School of Theology in Tulsa, Oklahoma. I completed postgraduate work at Texas Christian University Brite Divinity School in Ft. Worth, Texas. Later I received my Masters of Science in Counseling and Guidance from Texas A&M University: Commerce, Texas in 1987.
(717) 613-6970 View (717) 613-6970
Photo of Elaine Rodino, Psychologist in 16823, PA
Elaine Rodino
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823  (Online Only)
I see psychotherapy as a psycho-educational experience where you learn about yourself. This counseling process of self-exploration leads to understanding self-defeating thinking and behaviors that may keep you from actualizing potential for successful relationships, success in business and career and from having a really happy life. During the years since I have been a licensed psychologist, I have had the privilege of helping many individuals and couples to achieve a happier, emotionally healthier, and financially successful life. My patients describe me as being a no nonsense person, while at the same time being warm and comfortable.
I see psychotherapy as a psycho-educational experience where you learn about yourself. This counseling process of self-exploration leads to understanding self-defeating thinking and behaviors that may keep you from actualizing potential for successful relationships, success in business and career and from having a really happy life. During the years since I have been a licensed psychologist, I have had the privilege of helping many individuals and couples to achieve a happier, emotionally healthier, and financially successful life. My patients describe me as being a no nonsense person, while at the same time being warm and comfortable.
(814) 238-2170 View (814) 238-2170
Photo of Jonathan Stube, Licensed Professional Counselor in 16823, PA
Jonathan Stube
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Welcome to my practice. No matter what circumstances have led you here, I hope to provide a safe place for you to explore, heal, and grow. Maybe life has presented some new challenges for you and you need to grow to meet those challenges. Maybe anxiety, depression, or some other experience seems to have hijacked your life and you want some guidance. Maybe your relationship isn't going the way you hoped and you wonder if there is a better way. Counseling is a tool for getting yourself into a healthier happier place.
Welcome to my practice. No matter what circumstances have led you here, I hope to provide a safe place for you to explore, heal, and grow. Maybe life has presented some new challenges for you and you need to grow to meet those challenges. Maybe anxiety, depression, or some other experience seems to have hijacked your life and you want some guidance. Maybe your relationship isn't going the way you hoped and you wonder if there is a better way. Counseling is a tool for getting yourself into a healthier happier place.
(814) 419-0781 View (814) 419-0781
Photo of Forward Path Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in 16823, PA
Forward Path Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
As we journey through life, there are times our travel becomes weary. We may feel lost, plagued by doubt, or burdened by uncertainty. Yet we are strong, resilient, and determined. We simply need a guide to help us discover the path forward. That is where Forward Path Counseling can help.
As we journey through life, there are times our travel becomes weary. We may feel lost, plagued by doubt, or burdened by uncertainty. Yet we are strong, resilient, and determined. We simply need a guide to help us discover the path forward. That is where Forward Path Counseling can help.
(814) 531-5659 View (814) 531-5659
Photo of Victoria Crain, Psychologist in 16823, PA
Victoria Crain
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I am a caring, compassionate, and active psychotherapist who is committed to helping others find their path and purpose in life, reduce problematic symptoms, and fulfill their needs and visions. I endeavor to work toward the rapid resolution of relationship, emotional, and work problems, in order to help my clients achieve more satisfying and meaningful lives.
I am a caring, compassionate, and active psychotherapist who is committed to helping others find their path and purpose in life, reduce problematic symptoms, and fulfill their needs and visions. I endeavor to work toward the rapid resolution of relationship, emotional, and work problems, in order to help my clients achieve more satisfying and meaningful lives.
(814) 580-6586 View (814) 580-6586
Photo of Dylan Alexander Corp, Psychologist in 16823, PA
Dylan Alexander Corp
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Not accepting new clients
04/15/24 - Dr. Corp has no openings. - I strive to make therapy as collaborative as possible. While my work is informed by a person-centered, warm, and authentic approach, I try to flexibly meet the needs of clients with a range of presentations. I tend to be focused on fostering meaning and discovering one's genuine self, so those who are highly insightful or want to improve their insight tend to enjoy my approach most. I often help clients reflect on past and present experiences and relationships to foster a deeper understanding of how their concerns arose and how to fundamentally improve, not just temporarily manage, their lives
04/15/24 - Dr. Corp has no openings. - I strive to make therapy as collaborative as possible. While my work is informed by a person-centered, warm, and authentic approach, I try to flexibly meet the needs of clients with a range of presentations. I tend to be focused on fostering meaning and discovering one's genuine self, so those who are highly insightful or want to improve their insight tend to enjoy my approach most. I often help clients reflect on past and present experiences and relationships to foster a deeper understanding of how their concerns arose and how to fundamentally improve, not just temporarily manage, their lives
(814) 212-5409 View (814) 212-5409
Photo of Kelsey Williams, Pre-Licensed Professional in 16823, PA
Kelsey Williams
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, NCC
Verified Verified
Bellefonte, PA 16823
I enjoy supporting college students and adults living with anxiety, depression, shame, grief, transition stressors, ADHD, OCD, PTSD, complex trauma, religious trauma, overwhelm and relationship struggles. I welcome the opportunity to work with people from a variety of backgrounds, including the LGBTQIA+ community, and honor the diverse experiences, beliefs and identities that each person brings into the counseling room.
I enjoy supporting college students and adults living with anxiety, depression, shame, grief, transition stressors, ADHD, OCD, PTSD, complex trauma, religious trauma, overwhelm and relationship struggles. I welcome the opportunity to work with people from a variety of backgrounds, including the LGBTQIA+ community, and honor the diverse experiences, beliefs and identities that each person brings into the counseling room.
(814) 801-3289 View (814) 801-3289

See more therapy options for 16823

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 16823

30+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 16823 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
81% Coping Skills
81% Stress
77% Self Esteem
74% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% Aetna
85% Highmark
70% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 16823 see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 16823?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.