Therapists in 15317

Photo of Alyssa (Alli) Rimer, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Alyssa (Alli) Rimer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Welcome to the start of your healing journey! I am a Telehealth therapist for Ohio clients and offer in person and Telehealth services for Pennsylvania clients. I work with my clients to navigate and overcome life's many challenges and to process the emotions that come with them. I utilize a person-centered approach to allow clients the space to explore their strengths, reach their goals while feeling supported and validated. I believe that we are doing the best we can with what we have. I have worked with all age groups and have experience with anxiety, depression, sexual abuse, trauma, mood disorders and ADHD.
Welcome to the start of your healing journey! I am a Telehealth therapist for Ohio clients and offer in person and Telehealth services for Pennsylvania clients. I work with my clients to navigate and overcome life's many challenges and to process the emotions that come with them. I utilize a person-centered approach to allow clients the space to explore their strengths, reach their goals while feeling supported and validated. I believe that we are doing the best we can with what we have. I have worked with all age groups and have experience with anxiety, depression, sexual abuse, trauma, mood disorders and ADHD.
(234) 262-9072 View (234) 262-9072
Photo of James Yackuboskey, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
James Yackuboskey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSCP, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Canonsburg, PA 15317
I provide a safe and non-judgmental therapeutic environment with several different integrative approaches. My counseling style is rooted in person-centered compassion, along with a strength-based and mindfulness emphasis.
I provide a safe and non-judgmental therapeutic environment with several different integrative approaches. My counseling style is rooted in person-centered compassion, along with a strength-based and mindfulness emphasis.
(724) 260-6117 View (724) 260-6117
Photo of Kristin Kristoff, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Kristin Kristoff
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, MSEd, LPC, NCC
Verified
McMurray, PA 15317
Seeking peace? We all are, in our own way, and I'm here to provide professional experience to those who want or need help finding and maintaining balance and happiness. Typically, I work with individuals and couples ages 15 and above, and my approach involves a unique perspective rooted in honesty, compassion, empathy, mindfulness, and self-awareness.
Seeking peace? We all are, in our own way, and I'm here to provide professional experience to those who want or need help finding and maintaining balance and happiness. Typically, I work with individuals and couples ages 15 and above, and my approach involves a unique perspective rooted in honesty, compassion, empathy, mindfulness, and self-awareness.
(412) 336-8159 View (412) 336-8159
Photo of Kelsey Counihan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 15317, PA
Kelsey Counihan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Canonsburg, PA 15317
I offer individual and couples counseling. I am a Certified Advanced Grief Counseling Specialist. I also specialize in anxiety and depression in adults. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing. I also have experience in guided meditation and stress reduction techniques. My counseling philosophy is designed to help you feel comfortable exploring difficult issues while creating new strategies to deal with life’s challenges. Counseling with me involves a thorough biopsychosocial assessment to ensure that my clients’ needs are being met.
I offer individual and couples counseling. I am a Certified Advanced Grief Counseling Specialist. I also specialize in anxiety and depression in adults. I am trained in cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing. I also have experience in guided meditation and stress reduction techniques. My counseling philosophy is designed to help you feel comfortable exploring difficult issues while creating new strategies to deal with life’s challenges. Counseling with me involves a thorough biopsychosocial assessment to ensure that my clients’ needs are being met.
(724) 200-8603 View (724) 200-8603
Photo of Autumn Staszak, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Autumn Staszak
Licensed Professional Counselor, MAEd, LPC, CCTP
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Hello! My name is Autumn Staszak and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. Are you struggling with racing thoughts that keep you up at night or cause significant muscle tension? How about inability to get out of bed or crying spells that affect your daily functioning? Do you struggle with communicating your needs and wants with your partner? Let's work together to help you live a healthy, more productive life worth living.
Hello! My name is Autumn Staszak and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. Are you struggling with racing thoughts that keep you up at night or cause significant muscle tension? How about inability to get out of bed or crying spells that affect your daily functioning? Do you struggle with communicating your needs and wants with your partner? Let's work together to help you live a healthy, more productive life worth living.
(724) 603-1495 View (724) 603-1495
Photo of Karianne Bilsky, Psychologist in 15317, PA
Karianne Bilsky
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Canonsburg, PA 15317
I enjoy helping people to live in wellness and wholeness. I think the therapy relationship is critical to being able to work as a team to accomplish that. I always hope to collaborate with my clients to set therapy goals and design a plan to achieve them. My focus is on providing a therapy setting in which people can learn new skills to cope with difficulties, recover from trauma, adjust to life's challenges, and improve their functioning. I approach therapy from a cognitive-behavioral perspective but use other approaches as needed to assist clients to reach their goals.
I enjoy helping people to live in wellness and wholeness. I think the therapy relationship is critical to being able to work as a team to accomplish that. I always hope to collaborate with my clients to set therapy goals and design a plan to achieve them. My focus is on providing a therapy setting in which people can learn new skills to cope with difficulties, recover from trauma, adjust to life's challenges, and improve their functioning. I approach therapy from a cognitive-behavioral perspective but use other approaches as needed to assist clients to reach their goals.
(412) 226-5772 View (412) 226-5772
Photo of Ashley Spahn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 15317, PA
Ashley Spahn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
McMurray, PA 15317
Hello! I'm thrilled to have the opportunity to walk alongside you on your journey to self-discovery and healing. As a therapist, my core mission is to help you unlock and reach your full potential. My approach to therapy is grounded in warmth and empathy. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a partnership – one where we explore your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors together in a safe and supportive environment. The goal is not just to navigate through your struggles but also to celebrate and build upon your inherent strengths and resilience.
Hello! I'm thrilled to have the opportunity to walk alongside you on your journey to self-discovery and healing. As a therapist, my core mission is to help you unlock and reach your full potential. My approach to therapy is grounded in warmth and empathy. I believe that the therapeutic relationship is a partnership – one where we explore your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors together in a safe and supportive environment. The goal is not just to navigate through your struggles but also to celebrate and build upon your inherent strengths and resilience.
(724) 801-3743 View (724) 801-3743
Photo of Knopp Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Knopp Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
We offer individual, couples, child, and family counseling while providing a holistic approach to counseling by addressing your physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual needs. We approach therapy in a very integrative, client-centered manner to ensure the highest quality care is provided, using a variety of therapeutic techniques, including cognitive-behavioral, solution-focused, psychoeducational, trauma-informed, mindfulness, and more. Our mission is to promote growth by offering a safe, accepting atmosphere so that you feel heard, validated, and empowered.
We offer individual, couples, child, and family counseling while providing a holistic approach to counseling by addressing your physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual needs. We approach therapy in a very integrative, client-centered manner to ensure the highest quality care is provided, using a variety of therapeutic techniques, including cognitive-behavioral, solution-focused, psychoeducational, trauma-informed, mindfulness, and more. Our mission is to promote growth by offering a safe, accepting atmosphere so that you feel heard, validated, and empowered.
(412) 773-2625 View (412) 773-2625
Photo of Corbin Linville, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Corbin Linville
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Waitlist for new clients
"The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction not a destination."- Carl Rogers. Sometimes in life, our path becomes tangled and foggy. It can be hard to find the next steps in moving forward in life. I can help you find the next steps to move forward in the journey that is called life. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has worked with children, adolescents, and adults to help find their true potential and thrive in life.
"The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction not a destination."- Carl Rogers. Sometimes in life, our path becomes tangled and foggy. It can be hard to find the next steps in moving forward in life. I can help you find the next steps to move forward in the journey that is called life. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has worked with children, adolescents, and adults to help find their true potential and thrive in life.
(724) 200-8684 View (724) 200-8684
Photo of Thomas Workman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Thomas Workman
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, NCC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317  (Online Only)
Hello! I provide a non-judgmental space where you have the freedom to discuss your thoughts, emotions, and other important aspects of life that cause suffering and leave you feeling disconnected and distant. My experience is that therapy, while sometimes uncomfortable, is an enjoyable experience where we focus on growth and not spend all our time spinning in circles while experiencing more pain and suffering. I believe that truly effective and holistic counseling should not only focus on reducing symptoms, but it should also help you experience more joy while living with a sense of lightness and freedom.
Hello! I provide a non-judgmental space where you have the freedom to discuss your thoughts, emotions, and other important aspects of life that cause suffering and leave you feeling disconnected and distant. My experience is that therapy, while sometimes uncomfortable, is an enjoyable experience where we focus on growth and not spend all our time spinning in circles while experiencing more pain and suffering. I believe that truly effective and holistic counseling should not only focus on reducing symptoms, but it should also help you experience more joy while living with a sense of lightness and freedom.
(724) 598-9893 View (724) 598-9893
Photo of Vanessa Alimario Meredith, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Vanessa Alimario Meredith
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
McMurray, PA 15317
I have 30 years experience working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety, couple/marital problems, addictions, codependency, sexual assault and other emotional problems. I utilize a strength-based, eclectic approach which tailors the course of treatment around the individual's needs. For example, when working with individuals relating problems with anxiety or depression, cognitive behavioral principles may be introduced which examine thinking patterns. Couples experiencing discord may need to work on improving communication skills, rebuilding trust, and enhancing emotional and sexual intimacy.
I have 30 years experience working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety, couple/marital problems, addictions, codependency, sexual assault and other emotional problems. I utilize a strength-based, eclectic approach which tailors the course of treatment around the individual's needs. For example, when working with individuals relating problems with anxiety or depression, cognitive behavioral principles may be introduced which examine thinking patterns. Couples experiencing discord may need to work on improving communication skills, rebuilding trust, and enhancing emotional and sexual intimacy.
(724) 398-4433 View (724) 398-4433
Photo of Elizabeth Skibinski-Bortman, Psychologist in 15317, PA
Elizabeth Skibinski-Bortman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Are you confused and overwhelmed? Are you irritable, “cranky“ and prone to losing your temper? Are you having trouble concentrating or are you more forgetful than usual? Are you suffering from sleep problems or food cravings? Is stress affecting your daily functioning? I assure you that you can feel better. I teach my clients daily that there is a better way to live your life. If you’re willing to do the work, you can feel better and live better. Please call me so I can help you.
Are you confused and overwhelmed? Are you irritable, “cranky“ and prone to losing your temper? Are you having trouble concentrating or are you more forgetful than usual? Are you suffering from sleep problems or food cravings? Is stress affecting your daily functioning? I assure you that you can feel better. I teach my clients daily that there is a better way to live your life. If you’re willing to do the work, you can feel better and live better. Please call me so I can help you.
(724) 765-0856 View (724) 765-0856
Photo of Sherry A Raineri, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 15317, PA
Sherry A Raineri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Welcome to "We Talk Straight Counseling"! A place where incredible and sometimes surprising changes have happened. I have enjoyed helping to change the lives not only of my clients but also the lives of those they love for the past 29 years. It takes courage to be able to recognize that a change needs to be made and to be able to reach out for help. Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, addiction, codependency, self-injury, marital or family conflict, grief and despair as well as other concerns, there is hope. When you are ready, I will be there to help you improve your life.
Welcome to "We Talk Straight Counseling"! A place where incredible and sometimes surprising changes have happened. I have enjoyed helping to change the lives not only of my clients but also the lives of those they love for the past 29 years. It takes courage to be able to recognize that a change needs to be made and to be able to reach out for help. Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, addiction, codependency, self-injury, marital or family conflict, grief and despair as well as other concerns, there is hope. When you are ready, I will be there to help you improve your life.
(724) 580-1039 View (724) 580-1039
Photo of Laura Hoffman, Counselor in 15317, PA
Laura Hoffman
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Have you struggled to connect with a counselor who really understands you? Feel like you haven't been able to find that "right fit" with a therapist? I would love to meet you! I love to help those who haven't had previous success in finding a counselor as we address whatever struggles might be bringing you into counseling. Together we can work to tackle life transitions, relationship stressors, anxiety, panic symptoms, difficulty accomplishing tasks, staying motivated, or anything else that you might need support with.
Have you struggled to connect with a counselor who really understands you? Feel like you haven't been able to find that "right fit" with a therapist? I would love to meet you! I love to help those who haven't had previous success in finding a counselor as we address whatever struggles might be bringing you into counseling. Together we can work to tackle life transitions, relationship stressors, anxiety, panic symptoms, difficulty accomplishing tasks, staying motivated, or anything else that you might need support with.
(724) 647-3177 View (724) 647-3177
Photo of Today Has Purpose, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 15317, PA
Today Has Purpose
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MBA, CAADC
Canonsburg, PA 15317
The staff at Today Has Purpose understands that choosing to acknowledge the need for therapy is a big decision. Therefore, we are committed to ensuring that your experience with us is collaborative, and your goals and pathways are uniquely individualized in order to best help you create a life that is fulfilling and balanced. At Today Has Purpose, we believe in using research and evidence-based treatments to create an individualized pathway that addresses the needs of the whole person. We provide ease of access, integrated support, and a secure environment where you can feel comfortable while navigating your own path to wellness.
The staff at Today Has Purpose understands that choosing to acknowledge the need for therapy is a big decision. Therefore, we are committed to ensuring that your experience with us is collaborative, and your goals and pathways are uniquely individualized in order to best help you create a life that is fulfilling and balanced. At Today Has Purpose, we believe in using research and evidence-based treatments to create an individualized pathway that addresses the needs of the whole person. We provide ease of access, integrated support, and a secure environment where you can feel comfortable while navigating your own path to wellness.
(878) 333-9084 View (878) 333-9084
Photo of Shannon Golden, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Shannon Golden
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC , NCC
Verified
McMurray, PA 15317
You were doing the best you could with the circumstances and head-space you were in. I strive to plant a seed of hope by telling you that you have more control over your thinking, emotions and reactions than you may think! Different chapters and seasons in life can be truly difficult and frustrating to navigate. I believe in a holistic approach to healing, focusing on the connection of mind, body and spirit. In taking care of our mental and emotional health, our physical and spiritual health are all just as crucial to the healing process.
You were doing the best you could with the circumstances and head-space you were in. I strive to plant a seed of hope by telling you that you have more control over your thinking, emotions and reactions than you may think! Different chapters and seasons in life can be truly difficult and frustrating to navigate. I believe in a holistic approach to healing, focusing on the connection of mind, body and spirit. In taking care of our mental and emotional health, our physical and spiritual health are all just as crucial to the healing process.
View
Photo of Tess Inman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Tess Inman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC, NCC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
"Loving ourselves through the process of owning our story is the bravest thing we will ever do." Brene Brown. My name is Tess Inman and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. My approach when working with clients involves supporting growth by being grounded in the collaborative process between client and clinician. I believe that the trust built within a therapeutic relationship can allow us to be more vulnerable and transfer skills learned in session to our everyday lives.
"Loving ourselves through the process of owning our story is the bravest thing we will ever do." Brene Brown. My name is Tess Inman and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor. My approach when working with clients involves supporting growth by being grounded in the collaborative process between client and clinician. I believe that the trust built within a therapeutic relationship can allow us to be more vulnerable and transfer skills learned in session to our everyday lives.
(724) 571-4877 View (724) 571-4877
Photo of Adam Thomas Oshnock, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Adam Thomas Oshnock
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Waitlist for new clients
I have been practicing as a therapist for over twenty years and have worked with children, adults, and families in many different types of therapeutic settings. I have the clinical skills necessary to develop a therapeutic relationship, which I feel is key to advance the therapeutic process. I am able to teach the skills to clients so they can apply them when needed. I can help clients to learn from their past, live a healthy life in the present, and set goals for the future.
I have been practicing as a therapist for over twenty years and have worked with children, adults, and families in many different types of therapeutic settings. I have the clinical skills necessary to develop a therapeutic relationship, which I feel is key to advance the therapeutic process. I am able to teach the skills to clients so they can apply them when needed. I can help clients to learn from their past, live a healthy life in the present, and set goals for the future.
(724) 399-3113 View (724) 399-3113
Photo of Shari Stranges, Licensed Professional Counselor in 15317, PA
Shari Stranges
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC/MAC
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, located in Canonsburg, PA. My background includes inpatient, outpatient, care coordination, primary care, and private practice settings. My style is warm and accepting, with a little humor mixed in. I am comfortable working with clients with a lot of faith, a little faith, seeking faith, or none at all. My focus is really on building a trusting relationship, thinking out loud together, adjusting perspectives, and building practical skills in order to make healthy lifestyle changes. Of course, we will celebrate your victories along the way.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, located in Canonsburg, PA. My background includes inpatient, outpatient, care coordination, primary care, and private practice settings. My style is warm and accepting, with a little humor mixed in. I am comfortable working with clients with a lot of faith, a little faith, seeking faith, or none at all. My focus is really on building a trusting relationship, thinking out loud together, adjusting perspectives, and building practical skills in order to make healthy lifestyle changes. Of course, we will celebrate your victories along the way.
(724) 573-8202 View (724) 573-8202
Photo of Heidi Daniels, Pre-Licensed Professional in 15317, PA
Heidi Daniels
Pre-Licensed Professional, BS, MS
Verified
Canonsburg, PA 15317
I am accepting new clients in person and telehealth! As a therapist, I take a client-centered approach. I'd like to hear your story to understand your thoughts and how it affects you. I do not believe in creating an agenda for sessions unless it is essential. In the community, I have worked with people battling gender identity and sexuality, anxiety, depression, PTSD, hoarding disorder, self-esteem, and dual diagnosis. I work with both teenagers and adults. I advocate for mental health in the community for myself and my clients.
I am accepting new clients in person and telehealth! As a therapist, I take a client-centered approach. I'd like to hear your story to understand your thoughts and how it affects you. I do not believe in creating an agenda for sessions unless it is essential. In the community, I have worked with people battling gender identity and sexuality, anxiety, depression, PTSD, hoarding disorder, self-esteem, and dual diagnosis. I work with both teenagers and adults. I advocate for mental health in the community for myself and my clients.
(724) 269-2604 View (724) 269-2604

See more therapy options for 15317

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 15317

100+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in 15317 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
94% Depression
84% Self Esteem
83% Coping Skills
80% Relationship Issues
71% Stress
68% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Highmark
83% BlueCross and BlueShield
79% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 15317 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 15317?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.