Photo of Robyn E Rozwaski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Robyn E Rozwaski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
I invite you to share a therapeutic experience with me to explore and uncover your true essence, manage your emotional pain, and work to shift your internal view of yourself to a positive awareness of who you genuinely are. In NY/NJ, I work well with issues such as: anxiety; depression; trauma; self esteem; single parents; familial and other relationships.
I invite you to share a therapeutic experience with me to explore and uncover your true essence, manage your emotional pain, and work to shift your internal view of yourself to a positive awareness of who you genuinely are. In NY/NJ, I work well with issues such as: anxiety; depression; trauma; self esteem; single parents; familial and other relationships.
(646) 461-4038 View (646) 461-4038
Photo of Adanna Franklin, Licensed Master Social Worker in 10977, NY
Adanna Franklin
Licensed Master Social Worker, Adanna, LMSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977  (Online Only)
Whether you're facing the shadows of your past or the uncertainties of the present, therapy offers a beacon of light amidst the darkness. With a compassionate approach, I specialize in providing psychotherapy for children, adolescents, and families, focusing on areas such as trauma, ADHD, depression, anxiety, truancy, defiance, and anger management. Moreover, my practice extends beyond conventional therapy sessions. Drawing from mindfulness, self-care wellness, and lifestyle habits, I equip individuals with the tools they need to navigate life's challenges with resilience.
Whether you're facing the shadows of your past or the uncertainties of the present, therapy offers a beacon of light amidst the darkness. With a compassionate approach, I specialize in providing psychotherapy for children, adolescents, and families, focusing on areas such as trauma, ADHD, depression, anxiety, truancy, defiance, and anger management. Moreover, my practice extends beyond conventional therapy sessions. Drawing from mindfulness, self-care wellness, and lifestyle habits, I equip individuals with the tools they need to navigate life's challenges with resilience.
(845) 493-3706 View (845) 493-3706
Photo of With God\'s Help, LCSW, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
With God\'s Help, LCSW, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CASAC, CCTHP
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977  (Online Only)
I work with adults who experience, depression, anxiety, addictions and image related issues. I also work with Christians, both ministry leaders and others who struggle with achieving what their faith promises. I am very comfortable with both short term and long term treatment approaches. I help my clients identify root causes as well as strategies to both manage and overcome those issues.
I work with adults who experience, depression, anxiety, addictions and image related issues. I also work with Christians, both ministry leaders and others who struggle with achieving what their faith promises. I am very comfortable with both short term and long term treatment approaches. I help my clients identify root causes as well as strategies to both manage and overcome those issues.
(845) 244-5755 View (845) 244-5755
Photo of Daniel Tepfer, Psychologist in 10977, NY
Daniel Tepfer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Has your child been struggling with emotional dysregulation and behavioral outbursts? As a parent, do you wish to have a more positive and trusting relationship with your child? I help children become more aware of the effect that their emotions have on themselves and others and give them tools to cope with these emotions. My practice also focuses on building healthy attachment between parent and child through play and talk therapy. In addition to therapy, I conduct psycho-educational evaluations to help parents and schools understand the cognitive, academic, behavior, and emotional needs of children.
Has your child been struggling with emotional dysregulation and behavioral outbursts? As a parent, do you wish to have a more positive and trusting relationship with your child? I help children become more aware of the effect that their emotions have on themselves and others and give them tools to cope with these emotions. My practice also focuses on building healthy attachment between parent and child through play and talk therapy. In addition to therapy, I conduct psycho-educational evaluations to help parents and schools understand the cognitive, academic, behavior, and emotional needs of children.
(845) 867-2649 View (845) 867-2649
Photo of All Lifespan Development E. Martin Walker, Psychologist in 10977, NY
All Lifespan Development E. Martin Walker
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Serving Bergen/Rockland Counties and Manhattan, I bring 30 years as a psychotherapist, 25 years as a family and couples therapist, and 20 years of practicing behavioral and physical rehabilitation medicine and years of contemplative and body art practices (YTT200) to a psychology practice that incorporates evidenced-based treatments with contemporary psychoanalytic practices and body/mind perspectives. Therapy works with mind, body, and between ourselves and others in a relationship that frees the creative potential for healing, discovering new inspiration for transforming self, work and relationships.
Serving Bergen/Rockland Counties and Manhattan, I bring 30 years as a psychotherapist, 25 years as a family and couples therapist, and 20 years of practicing behavioral and physical rehabilitation medicine and years of contemplative and body art practices (YTT200) to a psychology practice that incorporates evidenced-based treatments with contemporary psychoanalytic practices and body/mind perspectives. Therapy works with mind, body, and between ourselves and others in a relationship that frees the creative potential for healing, discovering new inspiration for transforming self, work and relationships.
(917) 746-3823 View (917) 746-3823
Photo of Miriam Liebman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Miriam Liebman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Wether you are dealing with a current challenging situation, or would like to work through your past experiences, my goal is to support you in your personal journey. I provide a safe space for you to turn your focus inward, and connect with your true self.
Wether you are dealing with a current challenging situation, or would like to work through your past experiences, my goal is to support you in your personal journey. I provide a safe space for you to turn your focus inward, and connect with your true self.
(845) 206-4538 View (845) 206-4538
Photo of Dr. Robin Nemeroff, Psychologist in 10977, NY
Dr. Robin Nemeroff
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Chestnut Ridge, NY 10977  (Online Only)
Dr. Nemeroff is a licensed psychologist specializing in stress-management, anxiety issues and depression. She is trained in psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness techniques, and mind-body approaches to healing, so she is able to be flexible in her approach to working with you and offer you the most effective treatments available. Dr. Nemeroff received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Columbia University (1999), her pre-doctoral internship training at Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (1999), and her post-doctoral training at Weil Medical College, Cornell University (2000).
Dr. Nemeroff is a licensed psychologist specializing in stress-management, anxiety issues and depression. She is trained in psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness techniques, and mind-body approaches to healing, so she is able to be flexible in her approach to working with you and offer you the most effective treatments available. Dr. Nemeroff received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Columbia University (1999), her pre-doctoral internship training at Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (1999), and her post-doctoral training at Weil Medical College, Cornell University (2000).
(646) 759-2750 View (646) 759-2750
Photo of Menachem Liberow, Licensed Master Social Worker in 10977, NY
Menachem Liberow
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spring Valley, NY 10977
I have many years experience in helping out clients that struggle with Complex PTSD/childhood neglect. I help my clients become in touch with their emotions, grieve their lost childhood, and let out all their bottled up feelings that were pushed aside for many years. I guide them through this process by providing them a safe, calm and peaceful atmosphere where they can grow on their own pace. I have spent many years researching complex PTSD and the effects it has on survivors. I believe that the root cause for anxiety, depression and other mental health symptoms is usually complex PTSD.
I have many years experience in helping out clients that struggle with Complex PTSD/childhood neglect. I help my clients become in touch with their emotions, grieve their lost childhood, and let out all their bottled up feelings that were pushed aside for many years. I guide them through this process by providing them a safe, calm and peaceful atmosphere where they can grow on their own pace. I have spent many years researching complex PTSD and the effects it has on survivors. I believe that the root cause for anxiety, depression and other mental health symptoms is usually complex PTSD.
(845) 660-8959 View (845) 660-8959
Photo of Dalton Jovan Alexis in 10977, NY
Dalton Jovan Alexis
MHC-LP, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spring Valley, NY 10977  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with big transitions in your life? Having difficulty calming intense emotions or just struggling to navigate the day to day? Life can be filled with challenges and disappointments that impact our state of mind, (our brain?), and our capacity to manage everyday tasks. If this is you, I would love to help you learn ways to understand and cope with these big and challenging moments. Therapy is a healing process and together we can process emotions, create small, realistic changes, and help you become more confident in everyday life.
Are you struggling with big transitions in your life? Having difficulty calming intense emotions or just struggling to navigate the day to day? Life can be filled with challenges and disappointments that impact our state of mind, (our brain?), and our capacity to manage everyday tasks. If this is you, I would love to help you learn ways to understand and cope with these big and challenging moments. Therapy is a healing process and together we can process emotions, create small, realistic changes, and help you become more confident in everyday life.
(845) 415-7798 View (845) 415-7798
Photo of David M Lichtman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
David M Lichtman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Does it seem like something is holding your child back from being who he or she could be? Do you feel like something is preventing you from being all you could be? Is school or workplace or your marriage or relationships with peers not what you think they should be, leaving you, or your child, frustrated and disappointed? Psychotherapy could help you or your child achieve a life worth living, in the family, with friends, in school, at work (and with HaShem).
Does it seem like something is holding your child back from being who he or she could be? Do you feel like something is preventing you from being all you could be? Is school or workplace or your marriage or relationships with peers not what you think they should be, leaving you, or your child, frustrated and disappointed? Psychotherapy could help you or your child achieve a life worth living, in the family, with friends, in school, at work (and with HaShem).
(845) 720-4229 View (845) 720-4229
Photo of Tzipora Shub, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Tzipora Shub
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Navigating life's ups and downs can be challenging for anyone. People deal with many stresses, difficult relationships, career and financial difficulties, as well as difficult emotions including anxiety, sadness, shame, negativity and anger, just to name a few. Seeking therapy as a way to help address life's difficulties is a sign of strength. I respect that strength in my clients and feel privileged to work with them in navigating the challenges that bring them to therapy at this time. I look forward to speaking to you and learning how I can be helpful to you in your journey. I recently opened a second office in Monsey, NY.
Navigating life's ups and downs can be challenging for anyone. People deal with many stresses, difficult relationships, career and financial difficulties, as well as difficult emotions including anxiety, sadness, shame, negativity and anger, just to name a few. Seeking therapy as a way to help address life's difficulties is a sign of strength. I respect that strength in my clients and feel privileged to work with them in navigating the challenges that bring them to therapy at this time. I look forward to speaking to you and learning how I can be helpful to you in your journey. I recently opened a second office in Monsey, NY.
(347) 382-7814 View (347) 382-7814
Photo of Esti Glauser Counseling LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Esti Glauser Counseling LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSEd
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
You want things to change in your life, but you don't know how to make that happen. You feel confused and frustrated and wish the struggle would simply disappear. Maybe something doesn't feel right, but you aren't sure why. Perhaps you've already tried to reach out for help and nothing seems to work. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I can offer a compassionate and authentic space where you can sort through your inner world. Together we will explore your thoughts, emotions, wishes, reactions, memories, strengths and everything else that makes you uniquely you.
You want things to change in your life, but you don't know how to make that happen. You feel confused and frustrated and wish the struggle would simply disappear. Maybe something doesn't feel right, but you aren't sure why. Perhaps you've already tried to reach out for help and nothing seems to work. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I can offer a compassionate and authentic space where you can sort through your inner world. Together we will explore your thoughts, emotions, wishes, reactions, memories, strengths and everything else that makes you uniquely you.
(845) 668-6121 View (845) 668-6121
Photo of Tzipora Spira, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Tzipora Spira
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Navigating life’s journey can be overwhelming and stressful at times, interfering with our peace of mind. I help clients access their inner strength and resources, the key to ultimate healing. As an experienced therapist, I develop an eclectic approach of modalities to address the unique needs of each individual. I am very passionate about helping individuals improve the quality of their life, resolve conflict and preventive care.
Navigating life’s journey can be overwhelming and stressful at times, interfering with our peace of mind. I help clients access their inner strength and resources, the key to ultimate healing. As an experienced therapist, I develop an eclectic approach of modalities to address the unique needs of each individual. I am very passionate about helping individuals improve the quality of their life, resolve conflict and preventive care.
(845) 442-6321 View (845) 442-6321
Photo of Chava Abramovitz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Chava Abramovitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Your Place To Heal! From relationship trauma, abuse, anxiety, addictions, depression, loss of self, or neglect, to Full-Hearted Living. Welcome, I’m Chava Abramovitz & I help women and couples find safety & acceptance within. Are any of these thoughts familiar? *I’m not good enough *I don’t deserve happy things *I’m inherently damaged *This good won’t last, it never does. These are ingrained beliefs but not facts! They may be coping skills that helped you get through life until today, yet they’re now keeping you stuck. You don’t need to stay here forever: go from coping to truly living by harnessing your untapped inner strengths.
Your Place To Heal! From relationship trauma, abuse, anxiety, addictions, depression, loss of self, or neglect, to Full-Hearted Living. Welcome, I’m Chava Abramovitz & I help women and couples find safety & acceptance within. Are any of these thoughts familiar? *I’m not good enough *I don’t deserve happy things *I’m inherently damaged *This good won’t last, it never does. These are ingrained beliefs but not facts! They may be coping skills that helped you get through life until today, yet they’re now keeping you stuck. You don’t need to stay here forever: go from coping to truly living by harnessing your untapped inner strengths.
(845) 764-8001 View (845) 764-8001
Photo of Chaye Gewirtzman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Chaye Gewirtzman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
I’m an experienced therapist who specializes in both individual and couples work. My approach involves creating a comfortable, non judging environment to safely explore challenging concerns and difficult emotions such as anxiety, anger, fear and depression. My goal is to work through any self defeating patterns, help process through overwhelming feelings and heal negative experiences that may be effecting you or your loved ones.
I’m an experienced therapist who specializes in both individual and couples work. My approach involves creating a comfortable, non judging environment to safely explore challenging concerns and difficult emotions such as anxiety, anger, fear and depression. My goal is to work through any self defeating patterns, help process through overwhelming feelings and heal negative experiences that may be effecting you or your loved ones.
(845) 203-2052 View (845) 203-2052
Photo of Leah Paretzky, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Leah Paretzky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Most of us live our lives according to patterns. What if we can disrupt the pattern and create a new pattern? A pattern of empowerment. A pattern of willpower. A pattern of happiness. Sometimes, all it takes is a new pattern to create a transformation. Many people assume that admitting you need help means you are broken. I believe that there is no such thing as a broken person, only people looking to find wholeness. At RCW Wellness, I am here to assist you in finding your wholeness.
Most of us live our lives according to patterns. What if we can disrupt the pattern and create a new pattern? A pattern of empowerment. A pattern of willpower. A pattern of happiness. Sometimes, all it takes is a new pattern to create a transformation. Many people assume that admitting you need help means you are broken. I believe that there is no such thing as a broken person, only people looking to find wholeness. At RCW Wellness, I am here to assist you in finding your wholeness.
(845) 683-5443 View (845) 683-5443
Photo of Yocheved Jacobsohn, Counselor in 10977, NY
Yocheved Jacobsohn
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
We all have times in our life when we realize that we need some extra support to help us get through the day and become the best version of ourselves! Whether you are struggling with anxiety, struggling in your role as a parent, depression, difficulty in relationships, or just feeling down; please reach out! I can help! I am a New York State Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), with over twelve years of experience. I believe in honoring your unique journey and perspective and working collaboratively to create a safe and non-judgmental space for you so that you can turn your focus inward and connect to your true self.
We all have times in our life when we realize that we need some extra support to help us get through the day and become the best version of ourselves! Whether you are struggling with anxiety, struggling in your role as a parent, depression, difficulty in relationships, or just feeling down; please reach out! I can help! I am a New York State Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), with over twelve years of experience. I believe in honoring your unique journey and perspective and working collaboratively to create a safe and non-judgmental space for you so that you can turn your focus inward and connect to your true self.
(845) 385-2882 View (845) 385-2882
Photo of Claude-Aline Charles, Psychologist in 10977, NY
Claude-Aline Charles
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
I am Dr. Claude-Aline Charles and I am a Licensed Psychologist with over 20 years of counseling experience. I typically work with individuals with depression, anxiety and trauma, and often with adults encountering a series of life changes and transitions. I specialize in understanding cultural aspects and concepts of life, family, and community. My approach is client-centered and strength-based, meaning that you are met without judgment and provided with feedback and education regarding your unique needs. Therapy can be a space for healing and enlightenment where we embark on a rewarding, life-changing experience.
I am Dr. Claude-Aline Charles and I am a Licensed Psychologist with over 20 years of counseling experience. I typically work with individuals with depression, anxiety and trauma, and often with adults encountering a series of life changes and transitions. I specialize in understanding cultural aspects and concepts of life, family, and community. My approach is client-centered and strength-based, meaning that you are met without judgment and provided with feedback and education regarding your unique needs. Therapy can be a space for healing and enlightenment where we embark on a rewarding, life-changing experience.
(718) 701-8464 View (718) 701-8464
Photo of Suri Walles, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Suri Walles
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
For over a decade, I have been treating adolescents and young adults struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, loss, adjustment issues and relationship difficulties. I take an individualized approach, guiding each client to discover and utilize her strengths and internal resources in the healing process. I assist my clients in identifying and overcoming their own barriers to being happier and calmer. I also use a skills-based approach to provide my clients with new resources to help them more effectively navigate daily life and relationships.
For over a decade, I have been treating adolescents and young adults struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, loss, adjustment issues and relationship difficulties. I take an individualized approach, guiding each client to discover and utilize her strengths and internal resources in the healing process. I assist my clients in identifying and overcoming their own barriers to being happier and calmer. I also use a skills-based approach to provide my clients with new resources to help them more effectively navigate daily life and relationships.
(973) 310-6747 View (973) 310-6747
Photo of Gabrielle Hamilton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 10977, NY
Gabrielle Hamilton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Spring Valley, NY 10977
Not accepting new clients
I believe that sharing your thoughts and feelings with me in my safe and confidential office will help you to feel better. I have worked in the field for almost 30 years in crisis teams, mental health clinics, schools, domestic violence programs, and geriatric services. I am non-judgmental and happy to help you recover from crisis, bereavement (grief or loss), the stress of long-term debilitating illness, ongoing anxiety or fear, mood disorders, and school related issues.
I believe that sharing your thoughts and feelings with me in my safe and confidential office will help you to feel better. I have worked in the field for almost 30 years in crisis teams, mental health clinics, schools, domestic violence programs, and geriatric services. I am non-judgmental and happy to help you recover from crisis, bereavement (grief or loss), the stress of long-term debilitating illness, ongoing anxiety or fear, mood disorders, and school related issues.
(914) 219-0308 View (914) 219-0308

See more therapy options for 10977

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 10977

40+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 10977 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
67% Self Esteem
62% Parenting
62% Stress
60% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
52% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 10977 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 10977?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.