Photo of Alyssa Fradenburg, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alyssa Fradenburg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
I will provide you with presence, openness and a genuine commitment to healing. If you are reading this you may be considering facing a problem in your life. This takes courage and a willingness to face something that is real and present. I have been most drawn to the view that we are shaped by our unconscious being and the decisions we make are greatly influenced by things we are not even aware of. Knowing this can help us be gentle and kind with ourselves as we approach the therapeutic process.
I will provide you with presence, openness and a genuine commitment to healing. If you are reading this you may be considering facing a problem in your life. This takes courage and a willingness to face something that is real and present. I have been most drawn to the view that we are shaped by our unconscious being and the decisions we make are greatly influenced by things we are not even aware of. Knowing this can help us be gentle and kind with ourselves as we approach the therapeutic process.
(347) 826-0859 View (347) 826-0859
Photo of Grace Slifkin, LMSW
Grace Slifkin
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014
Grace works with clients to translate her deep expertise into tangible tools for a life with less worry and more presence, confidence, and connection. She has received exceptional training in CBT, DBT, ERP, ACT, and SPACE at leading hospitals and private practices. She specializes in supporting pre-teens, teens, and adults facing anxiety disorders such as OCD, panic, social anxiety, ARFID, emetophobia, body dysmorphia, perfectionism, and anxiety related to chronic illness and gastrointestinal issues. Grace also works with caregivers of children with behavioral issues, OCD, and anxiety using evidence-based parenting interventions.
Grace works with clients to translate her deep expertise into tangible tools for a life with less worry and more presence, confidence, and connection. She has received exceptional training in CBT, DBT, ERP, ACT, and SPACE at leading hospitals and private practices. She specializes in supporting pre-teens, teens, and adults facing anxiety disorders such as OCD, panic, social anxiety, ARFID, emetophobia, body dysmorphia, perfectionism, and anxiety related to chronic illness and gastrointestinal issues. Grace also works with caregivers of children with behavioral issues, OCD, and anxiety using evidence-based parenting interventions.
View
Photo of Greg Lowder, PhD, Psychologist
Greg Lowder
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014
When you are physically ill you turn to your doctor, hoping they can help you feel better. Problems like depression, anxiety, impulsivity, uncontrollable anger, guilt, or low self-confidence can be as painful, if not more so, than physical illness; they can also create serious relationship and work difficulties. I have over 25 years of experience and I have helped many adults, adolescents, and couples who had received limited or no benefit from previous therapists, other doctors, or medications. I work well with people who are skeptical of, or intimidated by, talk therapy.
When you are physically ill you turn to your doctor, hoping they can help you feel better. Problems like depression, anxiety, impulsivity, uncontrollable anger, guilt, or low self-confidence can be as painful, if not more so, than physical illness; they can also create serious relationship and work difficulties. I have over 25 years of experience and I have helped many adults, adolescents, and couples who had received limited or no benefit from previous therapists, other doctors, or medications. I work well with people who are skeptical of, or intimidated by, talk therapy.
(646) 374-2389 View (646) 374-2389
Photo of Dr. James Scholl, MA, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. James Scholl
Psychologist, MA, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
The aim: measurable, transformational recovery and growth. The process: bespoke, time-limited, science driven mental health services characterized by respect, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. The foundation: world class training as a researcher and clinician, 8 years of experience, unwavering compassion for the human condition.
The aim: measurable, transformational recovery and growth. The process: bespoke, time-limited, science driven mental health services characterized by respect, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. The foundation: world class training as a researcher and clinician, 8 years of experience, unwavering compassion for the human condition.
(929) 416-6337 View (929) 416-6337
Photo of Katie Drinkwater, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Katie Drinkwater
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
I am a relational therapist who works collaboratively with individuals who are experiencing anxiety, depression and overwhelm to help them cope with challenging feelings and navigate through transitionary life phases. My goal is to support you in finding solutions to current and historical problems, explore behavior patterns, and intentionally engage in behavior change to achieve your identified goals. I have clinical experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression, relationship and emotional issues, addiction, and trauma. I use modalities such as talk therapy, psychoeducation and EMDR within my practice.
I am a relational therapist who works collaboratively with individuals who are experiencing anxiety, depression and overwhelm to help them cope with challenging feelings and navigate through transitionary life phases. My goal is to support you in finding solutions to current and historical problems, explore behavior patterns, and intentionally engage in behavior change to achieve your identified goals. I have clinical experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression, relationship and emotional issues, addiction, and trauma. I use modalities such as talk therapy, psychoeducation and EMDR within my practice.
(914) 221-1341 View (914) 221-1341
Photo of Noora Niskanen, LCSW, MFA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Noora Niskanen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
If you're like most of my clients – you are high functioning and externally successful, but when you slow down or try to relax, your nervous system kicks into high alert. So, you can’t stop. Your intimate relationships are draining and a struggle to maintain, but you can’t be alone either. You feel an emptiness and lack of fulfillment no matter how much you accomplish. You have tried coping on your own, but your triggers, as well as, your stress are getting worse. I get it. I believe that triggers are opportunities for healing and growth and that with putting in the work there is light at the end of the tunnel. Help is available.
If you're like most of my clients – you are high functioning and externally successful, but when you slow down or try to relax, your nervous system kicks into high alert. So, you can’t stop. Your intimate relationships are draining and a struggle to maintain, but you can’t be alone either. You feel an emptiness and lack of fulfillment no matter how much you accomplish. You have tried coping on your own, but your triggers, as well as, your stress are getting worse. I get it. I believe that triggers are opportunities for healing and growth and that with putting in the work there is light at the end of the tunnel. Help is available.
(646) 392-7574 View (646) 392-7574
Photo of Jessica MacDonald, PhD, Psychologist
Jessica MacDonald
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
As a clinical psychologist, I specialize in helping adults make positive changes in their lives. Through the use of CBT, ACT, and compassion-focused therapy, I can help you address a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, imposter syndrome, work stress, challenges with dating, and challenges with wedding planning. Let's work together to help you achieve your goals and live a happier, more fulfilling life.
As a clinical psychologist, I specialize in helping adults make positive changes in their lives. Through the use of CBT, ACT, and compassion-focused therapy, I can help you address a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, imposter syndrome, work stress, challenges with dating, and challenges with wedding planning. Let's work together to help you achieve your goals and live a happier, more fulfilling life.
(704) 753-8669 View (704) 753-8669
Photo of Missy Hall, MA, LCAT, MT-BC
Missy Hall
MA, LCAT, MT-BC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
I firmly believe and affirm the philosophy that You have a PhD in YOU. True healing comes not from discovering but rather reclaiming your natural cadence; you unique, authentic rhythms and tempos. As a licensed creative arts therapist and board certified music therapist I employ a combination of established energetic practices and evidenced based practices tailored to meet your specific needs to balance, repair and replenish your body, mind and soul resulting in a watershed of creativity, balance and wellbeing.
I firmly believe and affirm the philosophy that You have a PhD in YOU. True healing comes not from discovering but rather reclaiming your natural cadence; you unique, authentic rhythms and tempos. As a licensed creative arts therapist and board certified music therapist I employ a combination of established energetic practices and evidenced based practices tailored to meet your specific needs to balance, repair and replenish your body, mind and soul resulting in a watershed of creativity, balance and wellbeing.
(929) 470-7308 View (929) 470-7308
Photo of Samantha Robin Kanelstein, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samantha Robin Kanelstein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
Understanding that changes are needed in order to live the life you want does not always equate feeling ready to do so, or knowing where to start. If you are feeling as if your emotional bandwidth is compromised by internal conflict or outside stressors, it may be difficult to allow yourself to try something new. As a relational therapist, I cultivate the connection and safety that are needed to help my clients to feel more willing to challenge themselves and their beliefs in the interest of personal growth.
Understanding that changes are needed in order to live the life you want does not always equate feeling ready to do so, or knowing where to start. If you are feeling as if your emotional bandwidth is compromised by internal conflict or outside stressors, it may be difficult to allow yourself to try something new. As a relational therapist, I cultivate the connection and safety that are needed to help my clients to feel more willing to challenge themselves and their beliefs in the interest of personal growth.
(929) 203-3712 View (929) 203-3712
Photo of Rebecca Austin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rebecca Austin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014
I am a Licensed Social Worker with a passion for decreasing the stigma surrounding mental health and promoting the health and well being of my clients. For my undergraduate degree, I moved from Central Jersey (Yes! It exists!) to South Jersey to attend Stockton University. I received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Social Work with a Minor in Behavioral Neuroscience from Stockton, and then moved on to attend graduate school in Philadelphia. I received my Master of Social Work Degree with a clinical concentration from the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Social Policy and Practice in May of 2020.
I am a Licensed Social Worker with a passion for decreasing the stigma surrounding mental health and promoting the health and well being of my clients. For my undergraduate degree, I moved from Central Jersey (Yes! It exists!) to South Jersey to attend Stockton University. I received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Social Work with a Minor in Behavioral Neuroscience from Stockton, and then moved on to attend graduate school in Philadelphia. I received my Master of Social Work Degree with a clinical concentration from the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Social Policy and Practice in May of 2020.
(929) 493-5899 View (929) 493-5899
Photo of Meagan Collins, LCSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Meagan Collins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
I work with couples, family members, and individuals experiencing conflict, disconnection or distress in their intimate relationships. Couples who come to see me say things like: "We've had a breakdown in communication;" "We just can't seem to get along;" "I'm feeling unappreciated by my spouse/partner," "We've tried but we can't seem to work through this issue on our own;" "We want to rebuild trust after a betrayal;" "We're struggling to feel close after the transition to parenthood;" and "We love each other very much but we can't stop fighting."
I work with couples, family members, and individuals experiencing conflict, disconnection or distress in their intimate relationships. Couples who come to see me say things like: "We've had a breakdown in communication;" "We just can't seem to get along;" "I'm feeling unappreciated by my spouse/partner," "We've tried but we can't seem to work through this issue on our own;" "We want to rebuild trust after a betrayal;" "We're struggling to feel close after the transition to parenthood;" and "We love each other very much but we can't stop fighting."
(206) 737-7258 View (206) 737-7258
Photo of Shelly Boniel, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shelly Boniel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014
I am a practical, interactive, and solution-oriented therapist. My focus is on providing support and constructive feedback to assist clients in resolving current issues and recognizing enduring life patterns. I guide clients in finding solutions to navigate life's challenges with sensitivity and compassion, incorporating both conventional and alternative approaches. Through a diverse range of techniques and treatment styles, I ensure that each client receives sessions tailored to their specific needs. Together, we identify strengths and collaboratively work towards achieving life goals while addressing mental health obstacles.
I am a practical, interactive, and solution-oriented therapist. My focus is on providing support and constructive feedback to assist clients in resolving current issues and recognizing enduring life patterns. I guide clients in finding solutions to navigate life's challenges with sensitivity and compassion, incorporating both conventional and alternative approaches. Through a diverse range of techniques and treatment styles, I ensure that each client receives sessions tailored to their specific needs. Together, we identify strengths and collaboratively work towards achieving life goals while addressing mental health obstacles.
(929) 254-3909 View (929) 254-3909
Photo of Vanessa Dine - Vanessa Dine, Trauma and Sex Addiction Counseling, LMSW, ASAT, APTT, EMDR, trained
Vanessa Dine, Trauma and Sex Addiction Counseling
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW, ASAT, APTT, EMDR, trained
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
If you are reading this, you may be seeking treatment for porn or out of control sexual behaviors. Or if you have been impacted by sexual betrayal and feeling the symptoms of PTSD then we can start the therapeutic work. I am a Licensed Master of Social Work (LMSW), Associate Sex Addiction Therapist, Associate Partner Trauma Therapist and CSAT trained. With compassion and expertise, I support individuals and couples impacted by compulsive sexual behaviors, intimacy concerns and partner betrayal.
If you are reading this, you may be seeking treatment for porn or out of control sexual behaviors. Or if you have been impacted by sexual betrayal and feeling the symptoms of PTSD then we can start the therapeutic work. I am a Licensed Master of Social Work (LMSW), Associate Sex Addiction Therapist, Associate Partner Trauma Therapist and CSAT trained. With compassion and expertise, I support individuals and couples impacted by compulsive sexual behaviors, intimacy concerns and partner betrayal.
(912) 493-7793 View (912) 493-7793
Photo of Robert A Axel, PhD, CSAT, Psychologist
Robert A Axel
Psychologist, PhD, CSAT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
You want emotional intimacy but disappointment and blame distance you. You withdraw or act out sexually to avoid pain? Do romantic obsessions or resentment towards your partner/spouse fuel your inability to connect and feel loved? I reach out from my decades of experience with individuals and couples who are intimacy avoidant and I help resolve your past and present blocks to intimacy by facilitating the examination and change of life-long patterns in my safe office space. My willingness to listen, to observe, to enter your world with a structured understanding is my therapeutic strength that has transferred to online sessions.
You want emotional intimacy but disappointment and blame distance you. You withdraw or act out sexually to avoid pain? Do romantic obsessions or resentment towards your partner/spouse fuel your inability to connect and feel loved? I reach out from my decades of experience with individuals and couples who are intimacy avoidant and I help resolve your past and present blocks to intimacy by facilitating the examination and change of life-long patterns in my safe office space. My willingness to listen, to observe, to enter your world with a structured understanding is my therapeutic strength that has transferred to online sessions.
(646) 490-9986 View (646) 490-9986
Photo of Theo Rabke, MSEd, MHC-LP
Theo Rabke
MSEd, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
We come to therapy when we feel like our old ways of being in the world are no longer serving us. We may feel trapped by repetitive cycles, overwhelmed by challenges in our personal or professional lives, or curious about what our lives could be like if we were to let the deepest parts of ourselves find expression in our day-to-day. Very often, we are struggling to find the language to communicate who we really are, what we really need, and why we do the things we do. In some cases, we are trying to make sense of experiences that exist beyond the reach of language itself.
We come to therapy when we feel like our old ways of being in the world are no longer serving us. We may feel trapped by repetitive cycles, overwhelmed by challenges in our personal or professional lives, or curious about what our lives could be like if we were to let the deepest parts of ourselves find expression in our day-to-day. Very often, we are struggling to find the language to communicate who we really are, what we really need, and why we do the things we do. In some cases, we are trying to make sense of experiences that exist beyond the reach of language itself.
(929) 284-7813 View (929) 284-7813
Photo of Samuel Parton, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samuel Parton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Not Verified Not Verified
New York, NY 10014
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
Working in schools and foster care settings for years, Sam is an expert in child and adolescent therapy. He utilizes two of the leading therapies, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT). With CBT, Sam helps clients change unhelpful thought processes and behavioral patterns and aids clients in bravely facing their fears. While with DBT, he helps clients learn better emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal skills. He is passionate about building connections and assists clients in finding strengths and skills within themselves to work through any struggles they might be experiencing.
View
Photo of Ranjana Hari, PsyD, NCSP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ranjana Hari
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD, NCSP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
View
Photo of Colin Whitaker, LPC, LMHC, Counselor
Colin Whitaker
Counselor, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
Waitlist for new clients
I have years of experience working in both residential and outpatient settings, with a focus on addictions, anxiety, mood disorders, and trauma.
I have years of experience working in both residential and outpatient settings, with a focus on addictions, anxiety, mood disorders, and trauma.
(646) 490-3987 View (646) 490-3987
Photo of Janie Eisenberg, LCSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Janie Eisenberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10014  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a therapist for over 20 years I have worked with an array of young people, older adults and creative people including artists, musicians, photographers, and writers. In my work with individuals, I believe in a collaborative approach and try to provide a non-judgmental and safe setting for exploring feelings and concerns in depth. I try through this process of identifying and understanding areas of difficulty to help individuals become more self-reflective and better able to affect change in their everyday lives.
As a therapist for over 20 years I have worked with an array of young people, older adults and creative people including artists, musicians, photographers, and writers. In my work with individuals, I believe in a collaborative approach and try to provide a non-judgmental and safe setting for exploring feelings and concerns in depth. I try through this process of identifying and understanding areas of difficulty to help individuals become more self-reflective and better able to affect change in their everyday lives.
(646) 651-4349 View (646) 651-4349
Photo of Elisa Toha, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elisa Toha
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10014
I am dedicated to providing compassionate support for those who have experienced stress and trauma. I believe healing is deeply rooted in the therapeutic relationship and my goal is to create a space that feels safe and non-judgmental. Each person’s journey is unique and I work with all of my clients holistically. My therapy style is active and collaborative; each step of the therapeutic process is tailored to meet your specific needs and goals.
I am dedicated to providing compassionate support for those who have experienced stress and trauma. I believe healing is deeply rooted in the therapeutic relationship and my goal is to create a space that feels safe and non-judgmental. Each person’s journey is unique and I work with all of my clients holistically. My therapy style is active and collaborative; each step of the therapeutic process is tailored to meet your specific needs and goals.
View
1
...

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 10014

500+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in 10014 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
92% Depression
91% Relationship Issues
84% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
66% Grief
63% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
59% Cigna and Evernorth
57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 10014 see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
27% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 10014?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.