Photo of Laura D'Alessandro, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08690, NJ
Laura D'Alessandro
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Therapy can provide a space to tap into our inner resilience, have a sense of connectedness, and sort out our thoughts. I strive to create an atmosphere of support where you feel able to explore your mind, work through life's challenges, as well as gain insight and skills along the way. My approach includes mindfulness, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), compassion based therapy, and trauma informed care to help those seeking long or short term therapy. I highly value the presence of validation, trust, humor, and compassion in a therapeutic relationship.
Therapy can provide a space to tap into our inner resilience, have a sense of connectedness, and sort out our thoughts. I strive to create an atmosphere of support where you feel able to explore your mind, work through life's challenges, as well as gain insight and skills along the way. My approach includes mindfulness, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), compassion based therapy, and trauma informed care to help those seeking long or short term therapy. I highly value the presence of validation, trust, humor, and compassion in a therapeutic relationship.
(609) 293-5138 View (609) 293-5138
Photo of Dylan Carney, Counselor in 08690, NJ
Dylan Carney
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Dylan Carney currently holds an Associate Counseling License in New Jersey and graduated from Stockton University with a Master of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. He continues to teach at Stockton University on the complexities of Gender & Sexuality and how they influence mental health functioning and social dynamics within respective communities. Dylan welcomes all who are willing to enter therapy and is prepared to see individuals regardless of social identity or individual therapeutic goals.
Dylan Carney currently holds an Associate Counseling License in New Jersey and graduated from Stockton University with a Master of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. He continues to teach at Stockton University on the complexities of Gender & Sexuality and how they influence mental health functioning and social dynamics within respective communities. Dylan welcomes all who are willing to enter therapy and is prepared to see individuals regardless of social identity or individual therapeutic goals.
(609) 293-2469 View (609) 293-2469
Photo of Jillian Brueckner, Counselor in 08690, NJ
Jillian Brueckner
Counselor, MA, LAC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690
Waitlist for new clients
I come from a place of empathy and acceptance and I believe in creating a comfortable and safe space to promote healing with my clients. I also believe wellness is about the mind and body, which drives my use of mindfulness-based and relaxation techniques in session. Therapy is a journey inward and my role is to help you navigate the challenging and uneasy paths along the way.
I come from a place of empathy and acceptance and I believe in creating a comfortable and safe space to promote healing with my clients. I also believe wellness is about the mind and body, which drives my use of mindfulness-based and relaxation techniques in session. Therapy is a journey inward and my role is to help you navigate the challenging and uneasy paths along the way.
(609) 293-4767 View (609) 293-4767
Photo of Emily Istvan, Occupational Therapist in 08690, NJ
Emily Istvan
Occupational Therapist, MS, OTR/L, PsyM
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690
Hi! My name is Emily Istvan, MS, OTR/L, PsyM. I am a licensed and registered occupational therapist with specialized training in treating insomnia in children (using a parent-coaching model) and in adults, using an evidence-based program called Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I). This treatment really works! Beyond using the CBT-I method, I also analyze sleep routines and your (or your child's) sleep environment to help you or your family get back to getting a good night's rest!
Hi! My name is Emily Istvan, MS, OTR/L, PsyM. I am a licensed and registered occupational therapist with specialized training in treating insomnia in children (using a parent-coaching model) and in adults, using an evidence-based program called Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I). This treatment really works! Beyond using the CBT-I method, I also analyze sleep routines and your (or your child's) sleep environment to help you or your family get back to getting a good night's rest!
(609) 283-1036 View (609) 283-1036
Photo of Katie B Munger, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08690, NJ
Katie B Munger
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC ACS
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Trenton, NJ 08690
There may be times when you feel like you are just surviving, just trying to make it through each day - and anything extra feels impossible. You may feel sad, lonely, or angry, or feel that others don’t understand what you are going through. Maybe work is unsatisfying, or parenting is offering new challenges. Perhaps finances are on your mind constantly, or loved one is ill or addicted.
There may be times when you feel like you are just surviving, just trying to make it through each day - and anything extra feels impossible. You may feel sad, lonely, or angry, or feel that others don’t understand what you are going through. Maybe work is unsatisfying, or parenting is offering new challenges. Perhaps finances are on your mind constantly, or loved one is ill or addicted.
(609) 681-6876 View (609) 681-6876
Photo of Natalie Berrette, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08690, NJ
Natalie Berrette
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Natalie Berrette. I am a Licensed Social Worker with a graduate degree in Social Work (MSW) from Rutgers University in New Brunswick. After spending a decade counseling individuals living with physical and psychological illnesses, I have gained extensive experience in creating trusting relationships that foster opportunities for exploration, reflection, and growth. I believe in using a holistic approach combined with various evidence-based interventions to assure clients have a safe space to gain introspection and healing.
Hi, my name is Natalie Berrette. I am a Licensed Social Worker with a graduate degree in Social Work (MSW) from Rutgers University in New Brunswick. After spending a decade counseling individuals living with physical and psychological illnesses, I have gained extensive experience in creating trusting relationships that foster opportunities for exploration, reflection, and growth. I believe in using a holistic approach combined with various evidence-based interventions to assure clients have a safe space to gain introspection and healing.
(609) 891-3581 View (609) 891-3581
Leigh Povia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690
Are you worried about your child's behavior? Are you feeling disconnected from your teen? Are you struggling to relate to your spouse? I incorporate traditional and non-traditional forms of therapy to address the needs of children, adolescents and adults. By using a relational approach, I work with individuals and families of all ages to find ways of connecting with one another and healing within the relationship.
Are you worried about your child's behavior? Are you feeling disconnected from your teen? Are you struggling to relate to your spouse? I incorporate traditional and non-traditional forms of therapy to address the needs of children, adolescents and adults. By using a relational approach, I work with individuals and families of all ages to find ways of connecting with one another and healing within the relationship.
(609) 269-4887 View (609) 269-4887
Photo of Carole Fitzsimmons, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08690, NJ
Carole Fitzsimmons
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
I have been a therapist for over 20 years working both with children and adults. I have worked with patients both in outpatient and inpatient facilities. I also have a background with patients who have substance abuse issues – both alcohol and chemical addictions. I have always been able to develop a strong rapport with patients while creating a safe environment. I use whatever tools necessary for patient improvement i.e., Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Client Centered Therapy, Mindfulness Based Therapy. My aim is to promote the wellbeing of the client.
I have been a therapist for over 20 years working both with children and adults. I have worked with patients both in outpatient and inpatient facilities. I also have a background with patients who have substance abuse issues – both alcohol and chemical addictions. I have always been able to develop a strong rapport with patients while creating a safe environment. I use whatever tools necessary for patient improvement i.e., Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Client Centered Therapy, Mindfulness Based Therapy. My aim is to promote the wellbeing of the client.
(609) 293-4225 View (609) 293-4225
Photo of Alison Botto, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08690, NJ
Alison Botto
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ACS, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Therapy does not have to be for times of crisis. Our personal life can often be challenging and stressful. It can be helpful to talk to someone to process these issues and make more sense of our thoughts. I will help walk you through this, in a positive and non-judgmental way and at a pace that is comfortable to you.
Therapy does not have to be for times of crisis. Our personal life can often be challenging and stressful. It can be helpful to talk to someone to process these issues and make more sense of our thoughts. I will help walk you through this, in a positive and non-judgmental way and at a pace that is comfortable to you.
(609) 293-5250 View (609) 293-5250
Photo of Richard Tiburzi Heid, Psychologist in 08690, NJ
Richard Tiburzi Heid
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
My supportive and thoughtful approach to psychotherapy involves helping clients to take a look at themselves and their choices to determine whether their personal styles are working for them. In this way, clients become more aware of how they relate to others and how to make healthy choices to reduce and better manage stress, improve mood, and enhance relationships. Identifying maladaptive patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving, and making changes in those patterns, helps people to live more rewarding and satisfying lives. Therapy is a process in which people learn to live more adaptively and with more personal fulfillment.
My supportive and thoughtful approach to psychotherapy involves helping clients to take a look at themselves and their choices to determine whether their personal styles are working for them. In this way, clients become more aware of how they relate to others and how to make healthy choices to reduce and better manage stress, improve mood, and enhance relationships. Identifying maladaptive patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving, and making changes in those patterns, helps people to live more rewarding and satisfying lives. Therapy is a process in which people learn to live more adaptively and with more personal fulfillment.
(609) 545-2095 View (609) 545-2095
Photo of Center for Re-Discovery and Growth, LLC, Psychologist in 08690, NJ
Center for Re-Discovery and Growth, LLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690
When we face serious issues we may shut-down, shame or over blame ourselves/others for the problem. Absence of healthy coping skills/emotional balance can lead to an unhappy walk through life. Therapy allows the opportunity for growth to understand personal thoughts, feelings and behavior. Together, we can re-discover healthy control, coping skills, peace, hope, and emotional balance. Perhaps for the first time, you will love, trust and feel comfortable within your own skin. I like to look at change through a developmental lens where we have the courage to break unhealthy habits and replace them with more effective skills.
When we face serious issues we may shut-down, shame or over blame ourselves/others for the problem. Absence of healthy coping skills/emotional balance can lead to an unhappy walk through life. Therapy allows the opportunity for growth to understand personal thoughts, feelings and behavior. Together, we can re-discover healthy control, coping skills, peace, hope, and emotional balance. Perhaps for the first time, you will love, trust and feel comfortable within your own skin. I like to look at change through a developmental lens where we have the courage to break unhealthy habits and replace them with more effective skills.
(570) 715-6866 View (570) 715-6866
Photo of Karly VanBrunt, Counselor in 08690, NJ
Karly VanBrunt
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
My name is Karly VanBrunt and I am a licensed associate counselor and nationally certified counselor. I received my undergraduate degree in Psychology and my graduate degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling both from Rider University. I have experience working with children, adolescents, and adults in a variety of settings ranging from inpatient treatment to outpatient treatment who experience a wide variety of difficulties and diagnoses including but not limited to anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, personality disorders, grief and bereavement, relationship difficulties, self-esteem issues, and more.
My name is Karly VanBrunt and I am a licensed associate counselor and nationally certified counselor. I received my undergraduate degree in Psychology and my graduate degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling both from Rider University. I have experience working with children, adolescents, and adults in a variety of settings ranging from inpatient treatment to outpatient treatment who experience a wide variety of difficulties and diagnoses including but not limited to anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, personality disorders, grief and bereavement, relationship difficulties, self-esteem issues, and more.
(609) 312-5329 View (609) 312-5329
Photo of Josephine S Minardo, Psychologist in 08690, NJ
Josephine S Minardo
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hamilton Square, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Understanding that psychotherapy is such a personal matter, I feel the best approach is one that is very patient centered. That means I tailor therapy to meet the individual needs of each client. I believe in working together collaboratively to set achievable therapy goals toward the desired outcome of therapy, so you can experience greater happiness, stability and a more meaningful life. I have experience in multiple treatment modalities & utilize an integrative approach so that I can apply what will be most effective and best suited to you. Most clients find this approach helpful and sensitive to their needs. I know you will too.
Understanding that psychotherapy is such a personal matter, I feel the best approach is one that is very patient centered. That means I tailor therapy to meet the individual needs of each client. I believe in working together collaboratively to set achievable therapy goals toward the desired outcome of therapy, so you can experience greater happiness, stability and a more meaningful life. I have experience in multiple treatment modalities & utilize an integrative approach so that I can apply what will be most effective and best suited to you. Most clients find this approach helpful and sensitive to their needs. I know you will too.
(609) 201-1290 View (609) 201-1290
Photo of Sarah Wilson-Leslie, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 08690, NJ
Sarah Wilson-Leslie
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, LAMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trenton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Sarah, and I am a licensed associate marriage and family therapist. I have experience with supporting individuals, couples, and families in improving communication, setting boundaries, and managing challenging life transitions. I am passionate about helping clients explore complex family dynamics, as well as the impact those dynamics have on their physical and mental health. I strive to support clients by providing them with the tools needed to create healthy and long-lasting relationships with both themselves and others.
Hello, my name is Sarah, and I am a licensed associate marriage and family therapist. I have experience with supporting individuals, couples, and families in improving communication, setting boundaries, and managing challenging life transitions. I am passionate about helping clients explore complex family dynamics, as well as the impact those dynamics have on their physical and mental health. I strive to support clients by providing them with the tools needed to create healthy and long-lasting relationships with both themselves and others.
(732) 641-8631 View (732) 641-8631
Photo of Rochel Greer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08690, NJ
Rochel Greer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Rochel Greer. I am currently a Licensed Social Worker and am working towards getting my clinical license. I have an undergraduate degree in Psychology from Touro College with a focus in child development and a master’s degree in Social Work from Fordham University with a focus in Clinical Social Work. I have experience professionally in the areas of substance abuse, co-occurring disorders, anxiety, psychiatric disorders, and navigating the parent/child relationship. I enjoy working with clients of all ages but have a particular interest in the adolescent and adult population.
Hi, my name is Rochel Greer. I am currently a Licensed Social Worker and am working towards getting my clinical license. I have an undergraduate degree in Psychology from Touro College with a focus in child development and a master’s degree in Social Work from Fordham University with a focus in Clinical Social Work. I have experience professionally in the areas of substance abuse, co-occurring disorders, anxiety, psychiatric disorders, and navigating the parent/child relationship. I enjoy working with clients of all ages but have a particular interest in the adolescent and adult population.
(609) 293-4316 View (609) 293-4316
Photo of Joy Journe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08690, NJ
Joy Journe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Joy Journe graduated with a Master's degree in Social Work from Monmouth University, NJ with a focus on Families and Children. She has worked within the field of social work with various populations for 25 years. Joy can be described as a non judgmental, positive person as well as a professional who deems herself to be a Survivor in life. Joy is known to be able to work with anyone through any situation they are going through as she is a compassionate first. She offers a warm down to earth approach that explores the intersection between mind, body, and spirit.
Joy Journe graduated with a Master's degree in Social Work from Monmouth University, NJ with a focus on Families and Children. She has worked within the field of social work with various populations for 25 years. Joy can be described as a non judgmental, positive person as well as a professional who deems herself to be a Survivor in life. Joy is known to be able to work with anyone through any situation they are going through as she is a compassionate first. She offers a warm down to earth approach that explores the intersection between mind, body, and spirit.
(609) 201-1152 View (609) 201-1152
Photo of Clarissa DeLuca, Counselor in 08690, NJ
Clarissa DeLuca
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
One of the life lessons I have learned through my practice and life experiences is that we may know what the next right thing may be, but getting there oftentimes requires support, guidance, and self-trust. I truly believe we are all doing the very best we can with our present skill sets. Sometimes we may already have existing support systems and still may not know which path to choose. Other times we feel alone in moving forward and confused about if our choices are “right.” This is where I am hoping to help support you. I am a believer in the team effort.
One of the life lessons I have learned through my practice and life experiences is that we may know what the next right thing may be, but getting there oftentimes requires support, guidance, and self-trust. I truly believe we are all doing the very best we can with our present skill sets. Sometimes we may already have existing support systems and still may not know which path to choose. Other times we feel alone in moving forward and confused about if our choices are “right.” This is where I am hoping to help support you. I am a believer in the team effort.
(609) 928-8066 View (609) 928-8066
Photo of Joe Kessel, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08690, NJ
Joe Kessel
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
I do not believe in the idea of an "ideal client". I believe that every client is unique in their own way. They come to session with their own issues, needs, and goals. As a counselor, I feel that it is my job to make sure that their concerns are adequately addressed and that their needs and goals are met.
I do not believe in the idea of an "ideal client". I believe that every client is unique in their own way. They come to session with their own issues, needs, and goals. As a counselor, I feel that it is my job to make sure that their concerns are adequately addressed and that their needs and goals are met.
(609) 798-7182 View (609) 798-7182
Photo of Carvel Seepersad, Counselor in 08690, NJ
Carvel Seepersad
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Hamilton, NJ 08690  (Online Only)
Hey There! Welcome! My name is Carvel Seepersad. I am a Licensed Associate Counselor. I obtained my Master’s from Walden University in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in 2014. I received my Play Therapy Certificate from Capella University in 2017. I have worked in the substance abuse population with adults ranging in ages and stages. I have worked with adolescents and children with mental health diagnoses including ADHD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and with Behavioral challenges.
Hey There! Welcome! My name is Carvel Seepersad. I am a Licensed Associate Counselor. I obtained my Master’s from Walden University in Clinical Mental Health Counseling in 2014. I received my Play Therapy Certificate from Capella University in 2017. I have worked in the substance abuse population with adults ranging in ages and stages. I have worked with adolescents and children with mental health diagnoses including ADHD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and with Behavioral challenges.
(833) 646-3968 View (833) 646-3968
Photo of Brenmarie Rentas, Licensed Social Worker in 08690, NJ
Brenmarie Rentas
Licensed Social Worker, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hamilton, NJ 08690
Hello, my name is Brenmarie. I am a bilingual licensed clinician who believes counseling should be a secure experience, provide respite, and empower people to make necessary changes in their lives and habits. As a client, you are in the driver's seat; only you have the power to achieve insight and make choices toward healing and growth. As a clinician, I aim to be an aid, build a therapeutic relationship, and equip people with skills and tools to be their best-imagined selves. I try to incorporate creativity in every session for children and adults alike. I look forward to meeting you as you are and where you are in your journey!
Hello, my name is Brenmarie. I am a bilingual licensed clinician who believes counseling should be a secure experience, provide respite, and empower people to make necessary changes in their lives and habits. As a client, you are in the driver's seat; only you have the power to achieve insight and make choices toward healing and growth. As a clinician, I aim to be an aid, build a therapeutic relationship, and equip people with skills and tools to be their best-imagined selves. I try to incorporate creativity in every session for children and adults alike. I look forward to meeting you as you are and where you are in your journey!
(609) 473-1886 View (609) 473-1886

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 08690

40+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 08690 who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
79% Depression
69% Trauma and PTSD
58% Stress
56% Self Esteem
54% Relationship Issues
54% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Aetna
74% Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 08690 see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

94% Female
6% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 08690?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.