Photo of Cynthia Bratman, Psychologist in 08550, NJ
Cynthia Bratman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Not accepting new clients
I am a licensed psychologist in private practice in Princeton Junction, NJ. I have a general practice with expertise working with eating disorders, anxiety (OCD, PTSD, GAD, panic, phobias) and mood disorders (depression, bipolar). I have been in practice for 20 years. I attended Rutgers University, Temple University and I obtained my doctorate from the Georgia School of Professional Psychology.
I am a licensed psychologist in private practice in Princeton Junction, NJ. I have a general practice with expertise working with eating disorders, anxiety (OCD, PTSD, GAD, panic, phobias) and mood disorders (depression, bipolar). I have been in practice for 20 years. I attended Rutgers University, Temple University and I obtained my doctorate from the Georgia School of Professional Psychology.
(609) 917-7850 View (609) 917-7850
Photo of Matthew L. Williams, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Matthew L. Williams
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Matthew L. Williams is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. He has an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, ACS credential for Clinical Supervision, and CCTP certification for Trauma Treatment. Much of Matthew's experience is centered around working with adolescents in multiple levels of care settings (e. g. , outpatient to partial hospitalization) with things like mood disorders, self-esteem issues, interpersonal effectiveness needs, and parent-child relational issues to name a few of areas.
Matthew L. Williams is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. He has an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, ACS credential for Clinical Supervision, and CCTP certification for Trauma Treatment. Much of Matthew's experience is centered around working with adolescents in multiple levels of care settings (e. g. , outpatient to partial hospitalization) with things like mood disorders, self-esteem issues, interpersonal effectiveness needs, and parent-child relational issues to name a few of areas.
(609) 552-0177 View (609) 552-0177
Photo of Penny Clark, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Penny Clark
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Penny Clark is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2004. She has a Master's degree in Counseling Psychology. Penny provides more than 20 years of experience, compassion, empathy, psychoeducation, and understanding. She tries to help clients determine where they are, where they would like to be, and what may be getting in their way. As soon as any obstacles have been identified and/or overcome, Penny then helps them create and reach specific, measurable, attainable, and realistic goals. Outside of work, Penny enjoys scrapbooking, cardmaking, and all types of crafting.
Penny Clark is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2004. She has a Master's degree in Counseling Psychology. Penny provides more than 20 years of experience, compassion, empathy, psychoeducation, and understanding. She tries to help clients determine where they are, where they would like to be, and what may be getting in their way. As soon as any obstacles have been identified and/or overcome, Penny then helps them create and reach specific, measurable, attainable, and realistic goals. Outside of work, Penny enjoys scrapbooking, cardmaking, and all types of crafting.
(609) 460-0042 View (609) 460-0042
Photo of Cindy I Levine, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08550, NJ
Cindy I Levine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
I am a licensed clinical social worker treating individuals, couples, families and groups. My experience as a psychotherapist has affirmed my belief that each of us has a great capacity to change and grow. Therapy offers no magical solutions. Rather, it provides an opportunity for exploration. It is a chance for the client, with the therapist by her/his side, first to imagine and then to create the best path to a more meaningful and fulfilling life.
I am a licensed clinical social worker treating individuals, couples, families and groups. My experience as a psychotherapist has affirmed my belief that each of us has a great capacity to change and grow. Therapy offers no magical solutions. Rather, it provides an opportunity for exploration. It is a chance for the client, with the therapist by her/his side, first to imagine and then to create the best path to a more meaningful and fulfilling life.
(609) 357-0554 View (609) 357-0554
Photo of Carol Frances Sisterhen, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Carol Frances Sisterhen
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, PD, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents and young adults with disabilities. I have a Master Degree in Counseling and a Professional Diploma in School Psychology. I am a certified yoga and social emotional learning instructor. I enjoy sharing these skills with everyone as it is an essential tool in our most ever changing world today. I also specialize with cognitive and academic testing and assessments. I am most proficient with NJ state research evidence based disabilities laws. I recognizing the individual person’s cognitive and academic needs.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor who has over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents and young adults with disabilities. I have a Master Degree in Counseling and a Professional Diploma in School Psychology. I am a certified yoga and social emotional learning instructor. I enjoy sharing these skills with everyone as it is an essential tool in our most ever changing world today. I also specialize with cognitive and academic testing and assessments. I am most proficient with NJ state research evidence based disabilities laws. I recognizing the individual person’s cognitive and academic needs.
(732) 982-2888 View (732) 982-2888
Photo of Kathleen Moran-Keezer, Counselor in 08550, NJ
Kathleen Moran-Keezer
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Educational Background : I received my Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology from CACREP accredited Felician University, and my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from Felician University. I also earned a Masters of Science from Montclair State University in Environmental Management. As a Licensed Associate Counselor, I have extensive experience working with a wide range of diverse clientele from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.
Educational Background : I received my Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology from CACREP accredited Felician University, and my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from Felician University. I also earned a Masters of Science from Montclair State University in Environmental Management. As a Licensed Associate Counselor, I have extensive experience working with a wide range of diverse clientele from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.
(609) 554-1492 View (609) 554-1492
Photo of Sophia Mai, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Sophia Mai
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
West Windsor, NJ 08550  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Are you a high achiever? But despite how much you have accomplished, you still feel that you are hindered by low self-esteem? Do you often feel confused or ashamed when thinking about your childhood experiences? I understand how isolated you may feel when you are not able to get the help you need. Isolation leads to feelings of loneliness and that heavy feeling is such a huge burden to carry. Imagine working with a warm, compassionate, and validating therapist, who can hold your hand, while processing your childhood stories with you. Together, we make the unconscious conscious, and eventually, help you become your authentic self.
Are you a high achiever? But despite how much you have accomplished, you still feel that you are hindered by low self-esteem? Do you often feel confused or ashamed when thinking about your childhood experiences? I understand how isolated you may feel when you are not able to get the help you need. Isolation leads to feelings of loneliness and that heavy feeling is such a huge burden to carry. Imagine working with a warm, compassionate, and validating therapist, who can hold your hand, while processing your childhood stories with you. Together, we make the unconscious conscious, and eventually, help you become your authentic self.
(609) 849-5532 View (609) 849-5532
Photo of Chriss McNulty, Counselor in 08550, NJ
Chriss McNulty
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
West Windsor, NJ 08550
Chris McNulty is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2019. He graduated with an MSED in Mental Health Counseling from St. Bonaventure University. Chris offers a person-centered positive approach believing firmly in the client and working with the client to help them make meaningful life changes. Outside of work, Chris enjoys yoga, listening to books and playing game both virtual and board with friends and family, and skiing whenever possible.
Chris McNulty is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2019. He graduated with an MSED in Mental Health Counseling from St. Bonaventure University. Chris offers a person-centered positive approach believing firmly in the client and working with the client to help them make meaningful life changes. Outside of work, Chris enjoys yoga, listening to books and playing game both virtual and board with friends and family, and skiing whenever possible.
(609) 710-9636 View (609) 710-9636
Photo of Tasheema Anderson, Counselor in 08550, NJ
Tasheema Anderson
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
West Windsor, NJ 08550
As a Licensed Associate Counselor for the State of New Jersey and National Certified Counselor, I have worked with diverse individuals and families with varying socio-economic, ethnic, religious, and marginalized communities. I enjoy working with clients to overcome stigmas associated with co-occurring disorders with mental health and substance use disorders. It is my responsibility and privilege to assist clients in developing a higher level of self-awareness and trust in themselves, others, and, just as important, their therapist.
As a Licensed Associate Counselor for the State of New Jersey and National Certified Counselor, I have worked with diverse individuals and families with varying socio-economic, ethnic, religious, and marginalized communities. I enjoy working with clients to overcome stigmas associated with co-occurring disorders with mental health and substance use disorders. It is my responsibility and privilege to assist clients in developing a higher level of self-awareness and trust in themselves, others, and, just as important, their therapist.
(609) 905-4951 View (609) 905-4951
Photo of Dr. Amy Herzog-Woods, Psychologist in 08550, NJ
Dr. Amy Herzog-Woods
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified Verified
I am a licensed, clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience, specializing in the treatment of anxiety and mood disorders. I have expertise in the treatment and recovery process of all types of eating disorders. Additional specialities include working with self-injurious behaviors, processing grief, post traumatic stress disorder, marital and relationship difficulties. I work with children, adolescents, and adults, including both individual and family/marital sessions.
I am a licensed, clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience, specializing in the treatment of anxiety and mood disorders. I have expertise in the treatment and recovery process of all types of eating disorders. Additional specialities include working with self-injurious behaviors, processing grief, post traumatic stress disorder, marital and relationship difficulties. I work with children, adolescents, and adults, including both individual and family/marital sessions.
(917) 525-4864 View (917) 525-4864
Photo of Carol Sisterhen, Associate Counselor in 08550, NJ
Carol Sisterhen
Associate Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Carol Sisterhen is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2001. She has a Master's Degree in Counseling and a Professional Diploma in School Psychology. Carol has over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults with disabilities. She is a certified yoga and social emotional learning instructor. Carol enjoys sharing these skills with everyone as it is an essential tool in our most ever-changing world today. She also specializes with cognitive and academic testing and assessments. Carol is most proficient with NJ state research evidence-based disabilities laws.
Carol Sisterhen is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2001. She has a Master's Degree in Counseling and a Professional Diploma in School Psychology. Carol has over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults with disabilities. She is a certified yoga and social emotional learning instructor. Carol enjoys sharing these skills with everyone as it is an essential tool in our most ever-changing world today. She also specializes with cognitive and academic testing and assessments. Carol is most proficient with NJ state research evidence-based disabilities laws.
(609) 891-3937 View (609) 891-3937
Photo of Guy Zappulla, Counselor in 08550, NJ
Guy Zappulla
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
My approach to each client is based first on respect and empathy, no matter the issue. I believe strongly that the role of the therapist is not to push or insist on changes, but to use the client's own experiences and goals to formulate solutions that work specifically for the client. My techniques are based on Person-Centered and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which analyzes our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, in order to move us towards our goals in a measurable way.
My approach to each client is based first on respect and empathy, no matter the issue. I believe strongly that the role of the therapist is not to push or insist on changes, but to use the client's own experiences and goals to formulate solutions that work specifically for the client. My techniques are based on Person-Centered and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which analyzes our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, in order to move us towards our goals in a measurable way.
(609) 759-8961 View (609) 759-8961
Photo of Leisy Rodriguez, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Leisy Rodriguez
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
I am warm, empathetic, engaging and with a great sense of humor. I enjoy the outdoors and trying different foods. I am bilingual with my first language being Spanish. As a licensed professional counselor in New Jersey who is nationally certified, I am committed to supporting individuals, couples, and families through the path of becoming self aware, setting achievable goals, and learning coping skills that will help manage the daily challenges of life with evidence based treatment. I graduated from Rider University with a Master's degree in counseling services.
I am warm, empathetic, engaging and with a great sense of humor. I enjoy the outdoors and trying different foods. I am bilingual with my first language being Spanish. As a licensed professional counselor in New Jersey who is nationally certified, I am committed to supporting individuals, couples, and families through the path of becoming self aware, setting achievable goals, and learning coping skills that will help manage the daily challenges of life with evidence based treatment. I graduated from Rider University with a Master's degree in counseling services.
(609) 881-2034 View (609) 881-2034
Photo of Lynne Lyon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08550, NJ
Lynne Lyon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Princeton Junction, NJ 08550  (Online Only)
My attachment-focused therapy style strives to heal emotional wounds, both past and present, by examining one’s earliest relationships. As an attachment-trauma therapist, I will help you process the emotions from early or later trauma in order to strengthen your sense of self, safety, and belonging. The attachment patterns we learn from our earliest relationships determine how we interact with and perceive the world, which includes how we approach and engage in relationships with other people. As a single mother who adopted my daughter internationally, I understand how attachment trauma impacts us as children, and later as adults.
My attachment-focused therapy style strives to heal emotional wounds, both past and present, by examining one’s earliest relationships. As an attachment-trauma therapist, I will help you process the emotions from early or later trauma in order to strengthen your sense of self, safety, and belonging. The attachment patterns we learn from our earliest relationships determine how we interact with and perceive the world, which includes how we approach and engage in relationships with other people. As a single mother who adopted my daughter internationally, I understand how attachment trauma impacts us as children, and later as adults.
(609) 357-4951 View (609) 357-4951
Photo of Lauren Zavodnick, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
Lauren Zavodnick
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Education: I graduated with my Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Montclair State University. I went on to continue my journey by obtaining my Master's degree in Clinical Psychology and Counseling at Fairleigh Dickinson University. During graduate school, I completed my internship at Richard Hall Mental Health Community Center, and worked with the dually diagnosed population (mental health and addiction). I obtained my LAC (Licensed Associate Counselor) and will be continuing to work towards my LPC (Licensed Professional Counselor).
Education: I graduated with my Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Montclair State University. I went on to continue my journey by obtaining my Master's degree in Clinical Psychology and Counseling at Fairleigh Dickinson University. During graduate school, I completed my internship at Richard Hall Mental Health Community Center, and worked with the dually diagnosed population (mental health and addiction). I obtained my LAC (Licensed Associate Counselor) and will be continuing to work towards my LPC (Licensed Professional Counselor).
(609) 881-1153 View (609) 881-1153
Photo of Melissa Weisel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08550, NJ
Melissa Weisel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, MPH-PP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Princeton Junction, NJ 08550  (Online Only)
Welcome! I offer free consultations. Go to hamiltonhealingarts.com and fill out the contact form on the home page! My therapeutic aim is to support individuals in transforming themselves from who they believe they need to be, to their most authentic and satisfied selves. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Certified Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional (CCATP). With experience helping those from eight years old to 80, I can offer a wide range of interventions to successfully alleviate symptoms of distress that may disrupt your daily life or keep you from achieving your most important goals.
Welcome! I offer free consultations. Go to hamiltonhealingarts.com and fill out the contact form on the home page! My therapeutic aim is to support individuals in transforming themselves from who they believe they need to be, to their most authentic and satisfied selves. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Certified Clinical Anxiety Treatment Professional (CCATP). With experience helping those from eight years old to 80, I can offer a wide range of interventions to successfully alleviate symptoms of distress that may disrupt your daily life or keep you from achieving your most important goals.
(609) 316-4450 View (609) 316-4450
Photo of Brandyce Lombardo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08550, NJ
Brandyce Lombardo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Brandyce received her BS in Behavioral Science at York College of Pennsylvania in 2004 where she received departmental honors for her major. She went on to receive her Master's Degree in Social work from Rutgers School of Social Work in 2006 and graduated cum laude. She has over 15 years of clinical experience with individuals, couples, and groups. She received her clinical hours while working with a diverse population of individuals in need of intensive outpatient therapy.
Brandyce received her BS in Behavioral Science at York College of Pennsylvania in 2004 where she received departmental honors for her major. She went on to receive her Master's Degree in Social work from Rutgers School of Social Work in 2006 and graduated cum laude. She has over 15 years of clinical experience with individuals, couples, and groups. She received her clinical hours while working with a diverse population of individuals in need of intensive outpatient therapy.
(609) 905-4171 View (609) 905-4171
Photo of David Platt, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08550, NJ
David Platt
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
David Platt is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. He has a Master of Education Degree and a Bachelor of Arts Degree. David provides a safe and warm therapeutic environment to allow for his clients to comfortably express themselves and work towards achieving their counseling goals. Outside of work, David enjoys spending quality time with family and friends, playing and watching a myriad of sports, including basketball, baseball, soccer and tennis, and traveling to different states and countries.
David Platt is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. He has a Master of Education Degree and a Bachelor of Arts Degree. David provides a safe and warm therapeutic environment to allow for his clients to comfortably express themselves and work towards achieving their counseling goals. Outside of work, David enjoys spending quality time with family and friends, playing and watching a myriad of sports, including basketball, baseball, soccer and tennis, and traveling to different states and countries.
(609) 281-7303 View (609) 281-7303
Photo of Noah J Rusnak, Counselor in 08550, NJ
Noah J Rusnak
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
West Windsor, NJ 08550
Noah J. Rusnak is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2023. He received his MEd in Counseling and Human Development from Lindsey Wilson College. Noah truly listens to you with undivided attention to evoke deep self-discovery. He uses empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard to build a strong therapeutic relationship with you based on trust. Noah believes this relationship is the core foundation for growth and transformation. He encourages openness to experience, self-confidence, and own decision making as he believes that you are the expert in your life.
Noah J. Rusnak is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2023. He received his MEd in Counseling and Human Development from Lindsey Wilson College. Noah truly listens to you with undivided attention to evoke deep self-discovery. He uses empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard to build a strong therapeutic relationship with you based on trust. Noah believes this relationship is the core foundation for growth and transformation. He encourages openness to experience, self-confidence, and own decision making as he believes that you are the expert in your life.
(609) 913-2186 View (609) 913-2186
Photo of Arlene A. Kahn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08550, NJ
Arlene A. Kahn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LMFT, LCADC
Verified Verified
Princeton Junction, NJ 08550  (Online Only)
My goal is to help people solve the problems that create barriers to experiencing joy in their relationships, their work and their life. Sometimes these problems give rise to depression, worry, loneliness, or fear. With a deep attunement I am often able to hear and relate well to people's concerns. I particularly specialize in treating addiction/ recovery concerns, marriage and relationship issues, and helping people achieve solutions to their individual problems and goals. See more at arlenekahntherapy.com
My goal is to help people solve the problems that create barriers to experiencing joy in their relationships, their work and their life. Sometimes these problems give rise to depression, worry, loneliness, or fear. With a deep attunement I am often able to hear and relate well to people's concerns. I particularly specialize in treating addiction/ recovery concerns, marriage and relationship issues, and helping people achieve solutions to their individual problems and goals. See more at arlenekahntherapy.com
(609) 957-5533 View (609) 957-5533

See more therapy options for 08550

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 08550

100+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in 08550 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
92% Depression
71% Relationship Issues
67% Grief
66% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD
55% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
59% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
57% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 08550 see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 08550?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.