Photo of Cristina Elizabeth Mazzeo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Cristina Elizabeth Mazzeo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pitman, NJ 08071
Are you stuck? You know when you are moving through life and suddenly encounter a particularly difficult milestone, one that has caught you off-guard, leaves you struggling, and with an overwhelming negative or confusing emotional state? Do these feelings keep you from getting to the next phase of life? Would deeper understanding and clarity on your blocks and underlying beliefs help you breakthrough?
Are you stuck? You know when you are moving through life and suddenly encounter a particularly difficult milestone, one that has caught you off-guard, leaves you struggling, and with an overwhelming negative or confusing emotional state? Do these feelings keep you from getting to the next phase of life? Would deeper understanding and clarity on your blocks and underlying beliefs help you breakthrough?
(856) 281-3470 View (856) 281-3470
Photo of Philip A Rutter, Psychologist in 08071, NJ
Philip A Rutter
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pitman, NJ 08071
For therapy practice scope, please also visit www.therapychangeslives.com Areas of Expertise - Individual: depression or anxiety, relationship or family conflict/concerns, sexual identity/orientation integrating Cognitive, Feminist & Affirmative Therapy. Couples/Relationships: co-parenting strategies for recovery/repair from infidelity, intimacy issues or health/aging concerns integrating Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) & Gottman strategies. Family Therapy: addressing conflict, cut-offs, child's suicidal/self injurious behaviors, blended families/parenting integrating Structural Family Therapy & Narrative Therapy.
For therapy practice scope, please also visit www.therapychangeslives.com Areas of Expertise - Individual: depression or anxiety, relationship or family conflict/concerns, sexual identity/orientation integrating Cognitive, Feminist & Affirmative Therapy. Couples/Relationships: co-parenting strategies for recovery/repair from infidelity, intimacy issues or health/aging concerns integrating Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) & Gottman strategies. Family Therapy: addressing conflict, cut-offs, child's suicidal/self injurious behaviors, blended families/parenting integrating Structural Family Therapy & Narrative Therapy.
(267) 820-9724 View (267) 820-9724
Photo of Timothy L Callahan, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Timothy L Callahan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with 20-plus years experience in the human services field and I have served individuals and families in a variety of capacities. I have experience working with individuals of all ages, including teenagers, college students, and adults. My primary areas of focus have been treating depression, anxiety, relationship/peer issues, grief issues, and family issues. I believe that mental health is a key component of our overall wellness and that the time is now to address the stressors and thoughts that prevent us from meeting our full human potential.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with 20-plus years experience in the human services field and I have served individuals and families in a variety of capacities. I have experience working with individuals of all ages, including teenagers, college students, and adults. My primary areas of focus have been treating depression, anxiety, relationship/peer issues, grief issues, and family issues. I believe that mental health is a key component of our overall wellness and that the time is now to address the stressors and thoughts that prevent us from meeting our full human potential.
(844) 365-7676 x812 View (844) 365-7676 x812
Photo of Brittany Janson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Brittany Janson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
As a counselor, I believe in building a strong therapeutic relationship with clients and meeting them where they are in their lives. I believe in working together to improve overall daily functioning and wellness along with restoring health after trauma and life’s difficult moments. My goal in therapy is to create a safe space to help clients enhance their stress management, advance their use of coping skills and communication skills, and reframe negative thought processes along with working through any history of trauma. I am very open to feedback from my clients as I want therapy to be as effective as possible for you.
As a counselor, I believe in building a strong therapeutic relationship with clients and meeting them where they are in their lives. I believe in working together to improve overall daily functioning and wellness along with restoring health after trauma and life’s difficult moments. My goal in therapy is to create a safe space to help clients enhance their stress management, advance their use of coping skills and communication skills, and reframe negative thought processes along with working through any history of trauma. I am very open to feedback from my clients as I want therapy to be as effective as possible for you.
(856) 300-6216 x804 View (856) 300-6216 x804
Photo of Suzanne Daly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Suzanne Daly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, DSW, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pitman, NJ 08071
I am a relationally oriented psychotherapist offering treatment to those living in NY, PA, and NJ seeking relief from emotional suffering. I practice from a contemporary psychodynamic orientation, paying careful attention to the ways in which our sociocultural experiences inform our psychological development. I regard symptoms as opportunities for growth when approached with curiosity, compassion, and respect. I am committed to building an energetic and collaborative therapeutic relationship that can help you better understand your motivations and needs, and experience a more authentic connection with yourself and others.
I am a relationally oriented psychotherapist offering treatment to those living in NY, PA, and NJ seeking relief from emotional suffering. I practice from a contemporary psychodynamic orientation, paying careful attention to the ways in which our sociocultural experiences inform our psychological development. I regard symptoms as opportunities for growth when approached with curiosity, compassion, and respect. I am committed to building an energetic and collaborative therapeutic relationship that can help you better understand your motivations and needs, and experience a more authentic connection with yourself and others.
(609) 201-0172 View (609) 201-0172
Photo of Aaron C Jones, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Aaron C Jones
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
My mission is to consistently provide quality mental health counseling that is based in scientific research, tailored to your individual needs, and conducted in a spirit of collaboration between us. I have specialized training in anxiety treatment, mindfulness interventions, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT).
My mission is to consistently provide quality mental health counseling that is based in scientific research, tailored to your individual needs, and conducted in a spirit of collaboration between us. I have specialized training in anxiety treatment, mindfulness interventions, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT).
(856) 514-8415 View (856) 514-8415
Photo of Your Happy is You, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Your Happy is You, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
Believing that you will never fit-in, never be enough, or that you are somehow broken, can leave you feeling helpless and depleted. It HURTS to feel that no matter what you do, you just can’t seem to hit the mark. You deserve to realize your worth. You are entitled to be yourself without apology. You are allowed to create your own path.
Believing that you will never fit-in, never be enough, or that you are somehow broken, can leave you feeling helpless and depleted. It HURTS to feel that no matter what you do, you just can’t seem to hit the mark. You deserve to realize your worth. You are entitled to be yourself without apology. You are allowed to create your own path.
(856) 373-4277 View (856) 373-4277
Photo of Julie L Franklin, Counselor in 08071, NJ
Julie L Franklin
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
Julie Franklin MA, LPC earned her Master in Counseling from Biblical Theological Seminary in 2008. Julie works with clients suffering from mental health challenges such as depression, anxiety, panic disorder, bi-polar disorder I & II, PTSD, and ADHD. She works with clients to resolve issues related to low self-worth, co-dependency, anger, relationship challenges, young adult related challenges, grief and loss, narcissistic abuse, trauma, and issues related to parenting a child/adult with special needs.
Julie Franklin MA, LPC earned her Master in Counseling from Biblical Theological Seminary in 2008. Julie works with clients suffering from mental health challenges such as depression, anxiety, panic disorder, bi-polar disorder I & II, PTSD, and ADHD. She works with clients to resolve issues related to low self-worth, co-dependency, anger, relationship challenges, young adult related challenges, grief and loss, narcissistic abuse, trauma, and issues related to parenting a child/adult with special needs.
(844) 365-7676 x809 View (844) 365-7676 x809
Photo of Meandering to Change LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Meandering to Change LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
Therapy is about opportunities and possibilities. Opportunities and possibilities are done with exploration, discovery, and destinations. I am the guide supporting someone to realize those opportunities and possibilities supporting the individual through their own exploration, discovery and destinations. This is done with a focus on the individual not theories. Instead, I am someone who uses creativity and flexibility within the theories to help connect with the individual. Without a healthy therapeutic relationship, the goals the individual wants to achieve in therapy will not be obtained. Therapy is about you, not theories.
Therapy is about opportunities and possibilities. Opportunities and possibilities are done with exploration, discovery, and destinations. I am the guide supporting someone to realize those opportunities and possibilities supporting the individual through their own exploration, discovery and destinations. This is done with a focus on the individual not theories. Instead, I am someone who uses creativity and flexibility within the theories to help connect with the individual. Without a healthy therapeutic relationship, the goals the individual wants to achieve in therapy will not be obtained. Therapy is about you, not theories.
(856) 485-8372 View (856) 485-8372
Photo of Lantern's Light Counseling Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Lantern's Light Counseling Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
With over 10 years of experience serving populations in the tri-state area. His work has given him the opportunity to work with individuals and families from as young as three years old to centenarians citizens, in a variety of settings. Throughout his career, Christopher has had the opportunity to oversee therapeutic initiatives and programs that have supported hundreds of individuals who were grieving the loss of a loved one, managing the emotional rollercoaster of illness, or trying to find out where they fit into the world after experiencing a mental health
With over 10 years of experience serving populations in the tri-state area. His work has given him the opportunity to work with individuals and families from as young as three years old to centenarians citizens, in a variety of settings. Throughout his career, Christopher has had the opportunity to oversee therapeutic initiatives and programs that have supported hundreds of individuals who were grieving the loss of a loved one, managing the emotional rollercoaster of illness, or trying to find out where they fit into the world after experiencing a mental health
(856) 390-7494 x816 View (856) 390-7494 x816
Photo of The Artemis Center for Guidance, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
The Artemis Center for Guidance, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, ACS
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
At The Artemis Center for Guidance, we work toward reducing emotional suffering. This is accomplished through direct counseling services and psycho-education provided by highly skilled and compassionate clinicians and, through the development and instruction of training programs that will provide other professionals the skills to offer exceptional services to those in emotional pain. We believe all individuals are inherently able to cope with life's hardships, and with skilled guidance during times of transition, each person possesses the freedom to strive toward and reach his or her highest potential and lead a productive and happy life.
At The Artemis Center for Guidance, we work toward reducing emotional suffering. This is accomplished through direct counseling services and psycho-education provided by highly skilled and compassionate clinicians and, through the development and instruction of training programs that will provide other professionals the skills to offer exceptional services to those in emotional pain. We believe all individuals are inherently able to cope with life's hardships, and with skilled guidance during times of transition, each person possesses the freedom to strive toward and reach his or her highest potential and lead a productive and happy life.
(856) 386-2761 View (856) 386-2761
Photo of Maryanne k Hanzel, Marriage & Family Therapist in 08071, NJ
Maryanne k Hanzel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
I have been practicing for 30 years with a focus on family relationship issues. I am a support to individuals who are looking to understand themselves better in an effort to be better in their relationships. I work with individuals, families and couples who feel stuck in patterns they recognize but feel powerless to change. Helping children and adolescents deal with the transitions they face related to school, friendships and social pressure while they are dealing with tremendous physical and emotional changes is an on going treatment focus in my practice.
I have been practicing for 30 years with a focus on family relationship issues. I am a support to individuals who are looking to understand themselves better in an effort to be better in their relationships. I work with individuals, families and couples who feel stuck in patterns they recognize but feel powerless to change. Helping children and adolescents deal with the transitions they face related to school, friendships and social pressure while they are dealing with tremendous physical and emotional changes is an on going treatment focus in my practice.
(856) 431-5148 View (856) 431-5148
Photo of Life Support Associates, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Life Support Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW, LCADC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
If you are struggling with day to day stress, need help sorting your thoughts, need help formulating goals or learning better coping skills or even if you have been struggling with chronic mental health issues, we are here to help you meet your individual goals. We work with clients to develop an individualized treatment plan to ensure that individual needs are being met. We utilize a variety of therapeutic techniques with a client centered strengths-based approach. We offer services to people ranging in age from adolescents to adults, and we also offer family and couples counseling. We have several therapists available!
If you are struggling with day to day stress, need help sorting your thoughts, need help formulating goals or learning better coping skills or even if you have been struggling with chronic mental health issues, we are here to help you meet your individual goals. We work with clients to develop an individualized treatment plan to ensure that individual needs are being met. We utilize a variety of therapeutic techniques with a client centered strengths-based approach. We offer services to people ranging in age from adolescents to adults, and we also offer family and couples counseling. We have several therapists available!
(609) 785-3609 View (609) 785-3609
Photo of Valerie Willis, Licensed Professional Counselor in 08071, NJ
Valerie Willis
Licensed Professional Counselor, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
For 20 years, I have been providing therapeutic services to children, adolescents, individuals, parents, as well as, biological, adoptive, and kinship families. My experience comes from my work at Bancroft School with autistic and deaf children; Robins' Nest Inc. working with DYFS' foster and adopted children & families, at risk families, and mentally ill children; Mother/Child Residential Center as a counselor to the women in the center; as an outpatient counselor and parental group facilitator at Danellie Counseling Center; at The Postpartum Stress & Family Wellness Center as a child/adolescent and perinatal mood specialist; and in private practice.
For 20 years, I have been providing therapeutic services to children, adolescents, individuals, parents, as well as, biological, adoptive, and kinship families. My experience comes from my work at Bancroft School with autistic and deaf children; Robins' Nest Inc. working with DYFS' foster and adopted children & families, at risk families, and mentally ill children; Mother/Child Residential Center as a counselor to the women in the center; as an outpatient counselor and parental group facilitator at Danellie Counseling Center; at The Postpartum Stress & Family Wellness Center as a child/adolescent and perinatal mood specialist; and in private practice.
(856) 924-6264 View (856) 924-6264
Photo of Mending Hearts Wellness Center, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Mending Hearts Wellness Center, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
My number one goal, is to help each client become the best version of him or herself. The ups and downs in life, at times, seem nearly impossible to conquer on our own. Our mental health impacts our sleeping patterns, eating habits, it also may impact our physical health. If we address our emotional needs, we can decrease our physical pain or possible medical concerns. I look forward to working with you as you heal in your journey. Please contact me via email. Thank you!
My number one goal, is to help each client become the best version of him or herself. The ups and downs in life, at times, seem nearly impossible to conquer on our own. Our mental health impacts our sleeping patterns, eating habits, it also may impact our physical health. If we address our emotional needs, we can decrease our physical pain or possible medical concerns. I look forward to working with you as you heal in your journey. Please contact me via email. Thank you!
(856) 712-1202 View (856) 712-1202
Photo of Susie Baker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Susie Baker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACHP-SW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
Every morning, you wake up dreading the day ahead. You fight and claw your way through your way through the grief you are feeling. It feels as though you’re constantly playing catch up, and no matter how hard you work, you can never get ahead because you are stuck with thoughts of loss, pain, and the past. You are engulfed in a profound sense of grief, feeling utterly disconnected from your daily life. The weight of your loss is suffocating, leaving you adrift in a sea of hopelessness. The doubts creep in, questioning the validity of your emotions. Lost in a fog of despair, you wonder if this darkness will ever lift.
Every morning, you wake up dreading the day ahead. You fight and claw your way through your way through the grief you are feeling. It feels as though you’re constantly playing catch up, and no matter how hard you work, you can never get ahead because you are stuck with thoughts of loss, pain, and the past. You are engulfed in a profound sense of grief, feeling utterly disconnected from your daily life. The weight of your loss is suffocating, leaving you adrift in a sea of hopelessness. The doubts creep in, questioning the validity of your emotions. Lost in a fog of despair, you wonder if this darkness will ever lift.
(760) 263-6822 View (760) 263-6822
Photo of Jennie Reitter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Jennie Reitter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071  (Online Only)
I have a passion for assisting people with Complex PTSD and trauma. I have personal and professional experience with healing trauma working with adults, youth and children for over twenty years. I believe in creating a safe non-judgmental space where all parts of oneself are welcome, as we explore with compassion and curiosity, all aspects of yourself to empower the innate natural inner healing of the self within. I will guide you to a deeper level of understanding your unique parts as you gain a greater sense of clarity, curiosity, connection, calm, courage, compassion, creativity, and confidence.
I have a passion for assisting people with Complex PTSD and trauma. I have personal and professional experience with healing trauma working with adults, youth and children for over twenty years. I believe in creating a safe non-judgmental space where all parts of oneself are welcome, as we explore with compassion and curiosity, all aspects of yourself to empower the innate natural inner healing of the self within. I will guide you to a deeper level of understanding your unique parts as you gain a greater sense of clarity, curiosity, connection, calm, courage, compassion, creativity, and confidence.
(856) 485-8490 View (856) 485-8490
Photo of Shams Elbedeiwy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Shams Elbedeiwy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
My ideal client is a young adult under the age of 35 who may have difficulty with anxiety, depression, self-esteem, adjusting to new circumstances, stress, family strain, relationship issues, and cultural stress.
My ideal client is a young adult under the age of 35 who may have difficulty with anxiety, depression, self-esteem, adjusting to new circumstances, stress, family strain, relationship issues, and cultural stress.
(856) 684-4330 View (856) 684-4330
Photo of Dr. Chelece Atavia Brown, Licensed Social Worker in 08071, NJ
Dr. Chelece Atavia Brown
Licensed Social Worker , DSW, LSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
Hello! My name is Dr. Chelece-Atavia Brown, a Pre-Licensed Social Worker (LSW) for New Jersey and a certified facilitator in Teen Mental Health First Aid by the National Council of Well-Being. I have experience in providing therapeutic services for children, teens, adults, couples, and groups. I assist high-achieving Black women and men with navigating life stressors. I'm passionate about bridging the gap between faith and mental health to increase an individual's quality of life.
Hello! My name is Dr. Chelece-Atavia Brown, a Pre-Licensed Social Worker (LSW) for New Jersey and a certified facilitator in Teen Mental Health First Aid by the National Council of Well-Being. I have experience in providing therapeutic services for children, teens, adults, couples, and groups. I assist high-achieving Black women and men with navigating life stressors. I'm passionate about bridging the gap between faith and mental health to increase an individual's quality of life.
(856) 369-3325 View (856) 369-3325
Photo of Melanie Pacheco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 08071, NJ
Melanie Pacheco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Pitman, NJ 08071
I love working with all different types of clients, and I find that I learn from those that I work with. I love working with anyone who wants to make a change or achieve a goal.
I love working with all different types of clients, and I find that I learn from those that I work with. I love working with anyone who wants to make a change or achieve a goal.
(856) 636-4571 View (856) 636-4571

See more therapy options for 08071

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 08071

20+

Average cost per session

$122

Therapists in 08071 who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
95% Depression
70% Grief
70% Family Conflict
70% Coping Skills
70% Self Esteem
65% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
79% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
64% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 08071 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 08071?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.