Photo of Michelle Cresta, Counselor in 02474, MA
Michelle Cresta
Counselor, LMHC, MEd, CCTP
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
Welcome to my page! I wanted to start by saying, I am happy you are making active steps to better manage your mental health. I know how challenging it can be to start the process. I wanted to share some information about my background, specialties and approach to help determine if I would be a good fit as your therapist. I graduated from Cambridge College in 2014 with an M.Ed in Counseling Psychology and Addiction Counseling. I have worked in an array of settings, including residential, inpatient and outpatient with individuals, families and groups. I also have experience with Vocational and Education Counseling and Case Management.
Welcome to my page! I wanted to start by saying, I am happy you are making active steps to better manage your mental health. I know how challenging it can be to start the process. I wanted to share some information about my background, specialties and approach to help determine if I would be a good fit as your therapist. I graduated from Cambridge College in 2014 with an M.Ed in Counseling Psychology and Addiction Counseling. I have worked in an array of settings, including residential, inpatient and outpatient with individuals, families and groups. I also have experience with Vocational and Education Counseling and Case Management.
(339) 217-1933 View (339) 217-1933
Photo of Matthew Schrock, Psychologist in 02474, MA
Matthew Schrock
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
Dr. Schrock is a clinical psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group with appointments at McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School. He is the co-director of Psychology Training for the McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School Doctoral Internship in Clinical Psychology and is a senior staff psychologist at McLean’s Behavioral Health Partial Hospital Program. He received his Ph.D in Clinical Psychology from the University of Louisville, and he completed his internship and postdoctoral fellowships at McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School.
Dr. Schrock is a clinical psychologist at Cambridge Psychology Group with appointments at McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School. He is the co-director of Psychology Training for the McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School Doctoral Internship in Clinical Psychology and is a senior staff psychologist at McLean’s Behavioral Health Partial Hospital Program. He received his Ph.D in Clinical Psychology from the University of Louisville, and he completed his internship and postdoctoral fellowships at McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School.
(617) 841-8359 View (617) 841-8359
Photo of Elena Clamen, Counselor in 02474, MA
Elena Clamen
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
I provide a therapeutic space where clients can begin to look at relationships, beliefs, values and feelings in a safe, nonjudgmental setting. I approach the sessions with warmth and humor and my hope is that clients will feel comfortable and at ease.
I provide a therapeutic space where clients can begin to look at relationships, beliefs, values and feelings in a safe, nonjudgmental setting. I approach the sessions with warmth and humor and my hope is that clients will feel comfortable and at ease.
(339) 204-9633 View (339) 204-9633
Photo of Alexandra DeWitt, Counselor in 02474, MA
Alexandra DeWitt
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
Not accepting new clients
“Whether you are feeling overwhelmed, stuck, going through a transition or needing support resolving a particular issue you need to feel heard and understood. I feel that healing and change are most readily achieved in a compassionate, non-judgmental and supportive environment. I have worked extensively with individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, loss and trauma. My emphasis is on identifying strengths and working collaboratively to increase awareness, coping ability and well being."
“Whether you are feeling overwhelmed, stuck, going through a transition or needing support resolving a particular issue you need to feel heard and understood. I feel that healing and change are most readily achieved in a compassionate, non-judgmental and supportive environment. I have worked extensively with individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, loss and trauma. My emphasis is on identifying strengths and working collaboratively to increase awareness, coping ability and well being."
(617) 870-3543 View (617) 870-3543
Photo of Colleen Strong, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Colleen Strong
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
A highly-skilled, compassionate, and engaging professional, I will provide you with exceptional care and work with you to effectively address the issues which bring you to treatment. My personality, combined with my varied work experience, will ensure that you will have a safe and comfortable environment to explore and address the challenges in front of you. With over a decade of experience in a variety of clinical settings, I have developed a broad base of clinical skills and served many different populations. I have expertise treating children and teens, as well as adults.
A highly-skilled, compassionate, and engaging professional, I will provide you with exceptional care and work with you to effectively address the issues which bring you to treatment. My personality, combined with my varied work experience, will ensure that you will have a safe and comfortable environment to explore and address the challenges in front of you. With over a decade of experience in a variety of clinical settings, I have developed a broad base of clinical skills and served many different populations. I have expertise treating children and teens, as well as adults.
(339) 215-6263 View (339) 215-6263
Photo of Emily O'Bryan, Psychologist in 02474, MA
Emily O'Bryan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I am a clinical psychologist specializing in cognitive-behavioral interventions for OCD, anxiety disorders, PTSD, and other conditions. Prior to joining Cambridge Psychology Group (CPG), I completed my pre-doctoral internship/residency and postdoctoral fellowship at the Anxiety Disorders Center at the Institute of Living, a specialty clinic where I provided exposure-based CBT for youth and adults with anxiety and related disorders, including Exposure and Response Prevention for OCD specifically. I also have expertise in Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy.
I am a clinical psychologist specializing in cognitive-behavioral interventions for OCD, anxiety disorders, PTSD, and other conditions. Prior to joining Cambridge Psychology Group (CPG), I completed my pre-doctoral internship/residency and postdoctoral fellowship at the Anxiety Disorders Center at the Institute of Living, a specialty clinic where I provided exposure-based CBT for youth and adults with anxiety and related disorders, including Exposure and Response Prevention for OCD specifically. I also have expertise in Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy.
(339) 300-1952 View (339) 300-1952
Photo of Jessica Rafferty, Counselor in 02474, MA
Jessica Rafferty
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
If you're here, it's likely because you're facing some obstacles that are hindering your progress towards achieving your goals and experiencing a sense of fulfillment in your daily life. These obstacles could manifest as symptoms of depression, such as a lack of motivation, feeling adrift, or a sense of disconnection. You may be experiencing anxiety, struggling with concerns about not measuring up, feeling overwhelmed by the prospect of making change, or feeling inadequate in some way. You might also be experiencing difficulties in your relationships, uncertain about your position in your network or feeling frequently distressed.
If you're here, it's likely because you're facing some obstacles that are hindering your progress towards achieving your goals and experiencing a sense of fulfillment in your daily life. These obstacles could manifest as symptoms of depression, such as a lack of motivation, feeling adrift, or a sense of disconnection. You may be experiencing anxiety, struggling with concerns about not measuring up, feeling overwhelmed by the prospect of making change, or feeling inadequate in some way. You might also be experiencing difficulties in your relationships, uncertain about your position in your network or feeling frequently distressed.
(508) 812-4020 View (508) 812-4020
Photo of Dal Hucknall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Dal Hucknall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW , CNC
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
My typical client is someone who is looking for an alternative, holistic approach to modern- day problems. These problems may include conditions such as anxiety, depression, past trauma, or relationship issues. Also, many people seek therapy and support to transition through major life changes and losses. In all cases, people are seeking to become a better, or even best, version of themselves. Many wish to build optimal daily habits in order to achieve this. Thus they appreciate my combined approach of counseling and life -coaching, as well as the multiple and varied resources ,"tools", and strategies used for concrete change.
My typical client is someone who is looking for an alternative, holistic approach to modern- day problems. These problems may include conditions such as anxiety, depression, past trauma, or relationship issues. Also, many people seek therapy and support to transition through major life changes and losses. In all cases, people are seeking to become a better, or even best, version of themselves. Many wish to build optimal daily habits in order to achieve this. Thus they appreciate my combined approach of counseling and life -coaching, as well as the multiple and varied resources ,"tools", and strategies used for concrete change.
(781) 285-7026 View (781) 285-7026
Photo of Dr. Steve Marshall, Psychologist in 02474, MA
Dr. Steve Marshall
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
I enjoy providing evidence-based psychotherapy for adults and youth with anxiety, OCD, depression, and ADHD, among other mental health conditions. I received my PhD in Clinical Psychology from Ohio University, and I completed my predoctoral internship and postdoctoral fellowships at McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School. I also currently consult at The Pavilion at McLean Hospital and am a Lecturer in Psychology at Harvard Medical School.
I enjoy providing evidence-based psychotherapy for adults and youth with anxiety, OCD, depression, and ADHD, among other mental health conditions. I received my PhD in Clinical Psychology from Ohio University, and I completed my predoctoral internship and postdoctoral fellowships at McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School. I also currently consult at The Pavilion at McLean Hospital and am a Lecturer in Psychology at Harvard Medical School.
(857) 763-1373 View (857) 763-1373
Photo of Christine Carr, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Christine Carr
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
Waitlist for new clients
I work with individuals and groups to cope with anxiety, depression, relationship/school/work concerns, trauma, substance use and other obstacles. I believe in creating a safe space, developing a therapeutic partnership, identify strengths and practice the skills so that you will have the tools to thrive.
I work with individuals and groups to cope with anxiety, depression, relationship/school/work concerns, trauma, substance use and other obstacles. I believe in creating a safe space, developing a therapeutic partnership, identify strengths and practice the skills so that you will have the tools to thrive.
(508) 684-2996 View (508) 684-2996
Photo of Nicole Flory, Psychologist in 02474, MA
Nicole Flory
Psychologist, PhD, MA, Diplom-, Psychol
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
If you are struggling with a medical, sexual, or relationship problem I want you to know that I am committed to helping people just like yourself. Finding the right professional for your personal needs is an important first step towards success. My web page, http://www.drflory.com is intended to give you more details; I am a licensed psychologist with over 15 years of international work experience. Ich spreche auch deutsch.
If you are struggling with a medical, sexual, or relationship problem I want you to know that I am committed to helping people just like yourself. Finding the right professional for your personal needs is an important first step towards success. My web page, http://www.drflory.com is intended to give you more details; I am a licensed psychologist with over 15 years of international work experience. Ich spreche auch deutsch.
(781) 437-7264 View (781) 437-7264
Photo of Amanda Kingsley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Amanda Kingsley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I take a collaborative, transparent and goal-oriented approach to therapy with strategies that are grounded in research, resilience, and mindfulness. Whether it be addressing stressors, symptom management or general exploration, we will work together to embolden your authentic self and change that which no longer serves you. Through our time together, my hope is that you will identify what you want and live a richer, more meaningful life
I take a collaborative, transparent and goal-oriented approach to therapy with strategies that are grounded in research, resilience, and mindfulness. Whether it be addressing stressors, symptom management or general exploration, we will work together to embolden your authentic self and change that which no longer serves you. Through our time together, my hope is that you will identify what you want and live a richer, more meaningful life
(339) 219-8822 View (339) 219-8822
Photo of Katie Infantine, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Katie Infantine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you seeking a deeper connection with the parts of yourself that call for healing? Are you motivated for change and to strengthen your capabilities? I aim to enhance your self-awareness to better understand and accept yourself, ultimately leading to a healthy and balanced life. I hold space for individuals to summon their resilience and uncover a lost connection to Self and others due to trauma or stress. Have you lost touch with your intuition? I will support and facilitate your ability to tune into your inner healing intelligence and by doing so, allow you to gain clarity, new perspectives and reconnection.
Are you seeking a deeper connection with the parts of yourself that call for healing? Are you motivated for change and to strengthen your capabilities? I aim to enhance your self-awareness to better understand and accept yourself, ultimately leading to a healthy and balanced life. I hold space for individuals to summon their resilience and uncover a lost connection to Self and others due to trauma or stress. Have you lost touch with your intuition? I will support and facilitate your ability to tune into your inner healing intelligence and by doing so, allow you to gain clarity, new perspectives and reconnection.
(617) 237-0498 View (617) 237-0498
Photo of Brandy E. Wyant, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Brandy E. Wyant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
Thank you for visiting my page! I work with individuals of all ages who are struggling with anxiety, phobias, obsessions and compulsions, or posttraumatic symptoms. Guided by a client’s individual circumstances, I integrate a variety of therapeutic techniques, though I am particularly drawn to exposure therapy. Exposure therapy gives people struggling with anxiety the opportunity to learn that they can cope with distress by gradually facing uncomfortable situations in a planned, deliberate way. I enjoy the collaboration between therapist and client while planning and conducting exposure activities.
Thank you for visiting my page! I work with individuals of all ages who are struggling with anxiety, phobias, obsessions and compulsions, or posttraumatic symptoms. Guided by a client’s individual circumstances, I integrate a variety of therapeutic techniques, though I am particularly drawn to exposure therapy. Exposure therapy gives people struggling with anxiety the opportunity to learn that they can cope with distress by gradually facing uncomfortable situations in a planned, deliberate way. I enjoy the collaboration between therapist and client while planning and conducting exposure activities.
(617) 652-5371 View (617) 652-5371
Photo of Oona Metz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Oona Metz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, CGP
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
I treat adults and adolescents in individual and group therapy in my Brookline and Arlington offices. I work with clients on a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, sexuality, divorce, step-parenting, trauma, loss and grief. Through exploration and collaboration, I help clients gain more clarity, become more connected, and feel greater satisfaction with their lives. In addition, I provide supervision, consultation and training to clinicians on group therapy and a variety of other topics.
I treat adults and adolescents in individual and group therapy in my Brookline and Arlington offices. I work with clients on a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, sexuality, divorce, step-parenting, trauma, loss and grief. Through exploration and collaboration, I help clients gain more clarity, become more connected, and feel greater satisfaction with their lives. In addition, I provide supervision, consultation and training to clinicians on group therapy and a variety of other topics.
(617) 682-9046 View (617) 682-9046
Photo of Valerie Barrett, Counselor in 02474, MA
Valerie Barrett
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Current Telehealth Openings! I am a licensed mental health therapist with over 20 years of experience helping people manage anxiety, depression, stress, and life transitions. We work together to respond to life's stressors in ways that utilize your strengths and problem solving skills. I help support self-awareness and insight with a focus on responding to our thoughts and emotions in ways that lead to more fulfillment in your life. I also support adults in parenting roles and with life transitions.
Current Telehealth Openings! I am a licensed mental health therapist with over 20 years of experience helping people manage anxiety, depression, stress, and life transitions. We work together to respond to life's stressors in ways that utilize your strengths and problem solving skills. I help support self-awareness and insight with a focus on responding to our thoughts and emotions in ways that lead to more fulfillment in your life. I also support adults in parenting roles and with life transitions.
(339) 345-3120 View (339) 345-3120
Photo of Nora Otero, Counselor in 02474, MA
Nora Otero
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am not taking new clients at this time. Often times people face challenges that prevent them from having fulfilled lives. Old coping skills appear failing and emotional distress disrupts balance. Entering therapy at a time of vulnerability can be difficult, but it can also bring healing and growth. I think that progress and change happen when collaboration, safety, trust, and empathy are present in therapy; these principles guide my work and support any treatment approaches that may be appropriate to take.
I am not taking new clients at this time. Often times people face challenges that prevent them from having fulfilled lives. Old coping skills appear failing and emotional distress disrupts balance. Entering therapy at a time of vulnerability can be difficult, but it can also bring healing and growth. I think that progress and change happen when collaboration, safety, trust, and empathy are present in therapy; these principles guide my work and support any treatment approaches that may be appropriate to take.
(781) 348-6093 View (781) 348-6093
Photo of Susan J Lee, Psychologist in 02474, MA
Susan J Lee
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My therapeutic approach may look different depending on what is going on with the person and what his or her needs are, but I generally use an insight-oriented and cognitive approach. I help people figure things out, understand themselves better, sort out their thoughts and feelings, and gain perspective on themselves so that they are able to make effective choices in their lives and work towards greater emotional well-being. People generally describe me as having a calming presence and creating a safe environment for them.
My therapeutic approach may look different depending on what is going on with the person and what his or her needs are, but I generally use an insight-oriented and cognitive approach. I help people figure things out, understand themselves better, sort out their thoughts and feelings, and gain perspective on themselves so that they are able to make effective choices in their lives and work towards greater emotional well-being. People generally describe me as having a calming presence and creating a safe environment for them.
(781) 696-9940 View (781) 696-9940
Photo of Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality in 02474, MA
Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality
PhD
Verified Verified
Arlington, MA 02474
At Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality, we recognize that while all humans struggle with one issue or another, at one time or another, it can be difficult to seek help and support. Expectations that you might have of yourself or expectations that you think or KNOW others have of you can really weigh you down when life gets busy. Sometimes you know exactly what you need help with, and other times, things just don't feel right and you just aren't sure what kind of help you need. Our clinicians will listen, ask good questions, and look at problems with you to figure out how to get you back on the path where you want to be. We work with individuals and committed couples, as well as those practicing consensual non-monagamy. While communication skills and sexuality issues are a significant part of our clientele, we also work with many patients with depression, anxiety, or grief as their presenting complaint.
At Boston Center for Couples and Sexuality, we recognize that while all humans struggle with one issue or another, at one time or another, it can be difficult to seek help and support. Expectations that you might have of yourself or expectations that you think or KNOW others have of you can really weigh you down when life gets busy. Sometimes you know exactly what you need help with, and other times, things just don't feel right and you just aren't sure what kind of help you need. Our clinicians will listen, ask good questions, and look at problems with you to figure out how to get you back on the path where you want to be. We work with individuals and committed couples, as well as those practicing consensual non-monagamy. While communication skills and sexuality issues are a significant part of our clientele, we also work with many patients with depression, anxiety, or grief as their presenting complaint.
(781) 539-9219 View (781) 539-9219
Photo of Joy Gage, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02474, MA
Joy Gage
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, MA 02474
I strive to create a warm, nonjudgmental, and connected environment where we can hold your pain, together. I hope to explore with you the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can be key in becoming unstuck, living by your values, and building a meaningful life. With my own history as a competitive athlete, I especially appreciate the connection between the mind and body and know how much we all can use a great coach, and teammates in life. My style can be described as empathic, informal, and collaborative.
I strive to create a warm, nonjudgmental, and connected environment where we can hold your pain, together. I hope to explore with you the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can be key in becoming unstuck, living by your values, and building a meaningful life. With my own history as a competitive athlete, I especially appreciate the connection between the mind and body and know how much we all can use a great coach, and teammates in life. My style can be described as empathic, informal, and collaborative.
(339) 233-4974 View (339) 233-4974

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 02474

300+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 02474 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
74% Self Esteem
70% Coping Skills
67% Trauma and PTSD
60% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% BlueCross and BlueShield
58% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
55% Harvard Pilgrim

How Therapists in 02474 see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 02474?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.