Photo of Howe Counseling Services , Counselor in 02111, MA
Howe Counseling Services
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
We experience a lot throughout our lives. These moments impact us in various ways, including our mood and behaviors. It can be difficult to manage the various emotions that arise from our experiences. Both positive and negative events can include moments of high stress, conflict, disagreements, relationship strain, confusion, depression, etc. Howe Counseling Services offers many different treatment approaches, tools, and techniques to safely navigate these events. Together, we can process these experiences to ensure you are on the path you want to be on in life.
We experience a lot throughout our lives. These moments impact us in various ways, including our mood and behaviors. It can be difficult to manage the various emotions that arise from our experiences. Both positive and negative events can include moments of high stress, conflict, disagreements, relationship strain, confusion, depression, etc. Howe Counseling Services offers many different treatment approaches, tools, and techniques to safely navigate these events. Together, we can process these experiences to ensure you are on the path you want to be on in life.
(508) 504-1103 View (508) 504-1103
Photo of Aline P Zoldbrod, Psychologist in 02111, MA
Aline P Zoldbrod
Psychologist, PhD, AASECT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111
I am a well known, respected psychologist and sex therapist with a national and international reputation, AASECT certified since 1996. Clinically, I am warm, innovative, active, and effective. Multiple certifications in types of therapy, including EMDR, Sensorimotor therapy for trauma. Training in Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy, hypnosis, and AEDP for couples. Author of 3 commercially published books, I have been cited by my peers in the literature on sexuality and relationships since 1992. You will know if I am right for you in one session, promise! See website for a wealth of information and articles. SexSmart.com
I am a well known, respected psychologist and sex therapist with a national and international reputation, AASECT certified since 1996. Clinically, I am warm, innovative, active, and effective. Multiple certifications in types of therapy, including EMDR, Sensorimotor therapy for trauma. Training in Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy, hypnosis, and AEDP for couples. Author of 3 commercially published books, I have been cited by my peers in the literature on sexuality and relationships since 1992. You will know if I am right for you in one session, promise! See website for a wealth of information and articles. SexSmart.com
(781) 350-4454 View (781) 350-4454
Photo of Anna Magliozzi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Anna Magliozzi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I practice psychotherapy remotely via video sessions with clients located anywhere in Massachusetts. I have had the privilege of working with a diverse population of individuals experiencing a broad range of mental health and interpersonal challenges. My specialties include, but are not limited to: anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem, adjusting to life changes, and difficulty with decision-making around choices, large and small. Note: I do not accept insurance, and am considered an out-of-network provider.
I practice psychotherapy remotely via video sessions with clients located anywhere in Massachusetts. I have had the privilege of working with a diverse population of individuals experiencing a broad range of mental health and interpersonal challenges. My specialties include, but are not limited to: anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem, adjusting to life changes, and difficulty with decision-making around choices, large and small. Note: I do not accept insurance, and am considered an out-of-network provider.
(617) 410-5409 View (617) 410-5409
Photo of Noor Ibrahim, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Noor Ibrahim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Now Accepting New Clients! Are you tired of looking for a therapist that is a good fit? Do you want a therapist that is dedicated to your progress? Hi there! My name is Noor and it’s important to me that my clients see results. I’m trained to work with individuals of all backgrounds, and I have experience treating clients struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, and environmental stressors. I strive to build a warm connection with every client, and I pride myself on being approachable and easy to talk to.
Now Accepting New Clients! Are you tired of looking for a therapist that is a good fit? Do you want a therapist that is dedicated to your progress? Hi there! My name is Noor and it’s important to me that my clients see results. I’m trained to work with individuals of all backgrounds, and I have experience treating clients struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, and environmental stressors. I strive to build a warm connection with every client, and I pride myself on being approachable and easy to talk to.
(617) 286-6434 View (617) 286-6434
Photo of Paragon Mental Health Counseling, Counselor in 02111, MA
Paragon Mental Health Counseling
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Are you exhausted by the daily struggle of living with depression, anxiety, or self-esteem issues? Does academic stress or entering into adulthood feel like an impossible challenge? Do you live with chronic pain, disability, or health conditions that cause emotional distress or feelings of isolation? Our mission is to excel at facilitating the positive change and healing you've been needing in your life. We achieve this not only with talk-therapy, but also by teaching applicable skills and coping strategies to be used daily as you navigate through adversity and strive for self-growth.
Are you exhausted by the daily struggle of living with depression, anxiety, or self-esteem issues? Does academic stress or entering into adulthood feel like an impossible challenge? Do you live with chronic pain, disability, or health conditions that cause emotional distress or feelings of isolation? Our mission is to excel at facilitating the positive change and healing you've been needing in your life. We achieve this not only with talk-therapy, but also by teaching applicable skills and coping strategies to be used daily as you navigate through adversity and strive for self-growth.
(339) 220-5568 View (339) 220-5568
Photo of Allie Renzi, Counselor in 02111, MA
Allie Renzi
Counselor, MA, LMHC, CMPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Are you looking to improve performance and fulfillment in your life through improved management of daily stressors, anxiety, sports, career, school, health habits or other life transitions? I am a sport and performance psychotherapist that is passionate about working with individuals who are looking to overcome mental blocks and maladaptive patterns to realize their full potential in sport, career, school, and every facet of life. I take a human centered approach and create a genuine relationship in which we can explore strengths and areas of improvement, non-judgmentally. All sessions are uniquely curated to meet your needs.
Are you looking to improve performance and fulfillment in your life through improved management of daily stressors, anxiety, sports, career, school, health habits or other life transitions? I am a sport and performance psychotherapist that is passionate about working with individuals who are looking to overcome mental blocks and maladaptive patterns to realize their full potential in sport, career, school, and every facet of life. I take a human centered approach and create a genuine relationship in which we can explore strengths and areas of improvement, non-judgmentally. All sessions are uniquely curated to meet your needs.
(339) 233-4247 View (339) 233-4247
Photo of Jan Chen, Counselor in 02111, MA
Jan Chen
Counselor, LMHC, MT-BC
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Waiting list: New screening starts in April 2024. I have extensive experience working with individuals and couples dealing with emotional distress, adjustment issues, problematic relationship patterns, and trauma. What sets my practice apart is the incorporation of music and other expressive arts modalities, in addition to traditional talking therapy. I also utilize psychodynamic and CBT methods, tailoring the techniques to address your specific challenges. Together, we will embark on a journey of self-discovery, empowering you to unlock your true potential and create meaningful changes in your life.
Waiting list: New screening starts in April 2024. I have extensive experience working with individuals and couples dealing with emotional distress, adjustment issues, problematic relationship patterns, and trauma. What sets my practice apart is the incorporation of music and other expressive arts modalities, in addition to traditional talking therapy. I also utilize psychodynamic and CBT methods, tailoring the techniques to address your specific challenges. Together, we will embark on a journey of self-discovery, empowering you to unlock your true potential and create meaningful changes in your life.
(339) 217-9372 View (339) 217-9372
Photo of Erika Barr, Counselor in 02111, MA
Erika Barr
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Are you a motivated professional, college student, or athlete seeking control of your mental health, reduced stress, improved relationships, boosted self-esteem & motivation, work-life balance, or consistent goal achievement? As a former Division 1 athlete, clinical therapist, and sports psychology expert, I support the psychological needs of high performance individuals like you, by creating a space to heal, grow, and discover lasting solutions to overcome the mental blocks holding you back. Together, we will restore balance, recover from stress, and reach your goals.
Are you a motivated professional, college student, or athlete seeking control of your mental health, reduced stress, improved relationships, boosted self-esteem & motivation, work-life balance, or consistent goal achievement? As a former Division 1 athlete, clinical therapist, and sports psychology expert, I support the psychological needs of high performance individuals like you, by creating a space to heal, grow, and discover lasting solutions to overcome the mental blocks holding you back. Together, we will restore balance, recover from stress, and reach your goals.
(339) 675-2322 View (339) 675-2322
Photo of Dr. Brooke White, Psychologist in 02111, MA
Dr. Brooke White
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
I provide psychological services to address a wide variety of concerns, challenges and transitions. I use approaches that have been scientifically shown to be effective. I view the therapeutic process as a partnership between myself and the client. My approach is adjusted to meet the unique needs of each individual client, and I seek to provide an open, supportive forum in which to explore your life and reach your personal goals. With my support you can identify the areas of your life that are not working and make a plan to create growth, change and improvement, allowing you to live the life you desire.
I provide psychological services to address a wide variety of concerns, challenges and transitions. I use approaches that have been scientifically shown to be effective. I view the therapeutic process as a partnership between myself and the client. My approach is adjusted to meet the unique needs of each individual client, and I seek to provide an open, supportive forum in which to explore your life and reach your personal goals. With my support you can identify the areas of your life that are not working and make a plan to create growth, change and improvement, allowing you to live the life you desire.
(339) 217-9083 View (339) 217-9083
Photo of Maria Cruz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Maria Cruz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Some days you feel on top of the world with everything you have accomplished thanks to your ambition and determination. Other days you feel a debilitating sense of anxiety and depression relating to your past trauma, everything left on your to-do list, or the general uncertainty of the future, and can’t seem to shake it off and relax. Perfectionism, anxiety, and trauma can make you feel like you are never enough - not smart enough, capable enough, strong enough, safe enough, loveable enough… the list goes on. This makes your everyday life feel confusing, your spirit heavier, and your future bleaker. You know something has to change.
Some days you feel on top of the world with everything you have accomplished thanks to your ambition and determination. Other days you feel a debilitating sense of anxiety and depression relating to your past trauma, everything left on your to-do list, or the general uncertainty of the future, and can’t seem to shake it off and relax. Perfectionism, anxiety, and trauma can make you feel like you are never enough - not smart enough, capable enough, strong enough, safe enough, loveable enough… the list goes on. This makes your everyday life feel confusing, your spirit heavier, and your future bleaker. You know something has to change.
(857) 598-7501 View (857) 598-7501
Photo of Shane MacDonald, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Shane MacDonald
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
When you improve your relationship with yourself and your relationships with others, you are on the path to a happier, healthier life. I’d like to help you along that path. Together, we can explore a range of approaches: whatever works. But–so you know where I’m coming from–in the end, it’s always about relationships. I’d like to meet you.
When you improve your relationship with yourself and your relationships with others, you are on the path to a happier, healthier life. I’d like to help you along that path. Together, we can explore a range of approaches: whatever works. But–so you know where I’m coming from–in the end, it’s always about relationships. I’d like to meet you.
(857) 420-6861 View (857) 420-6861
Photo of April Xinran Yu, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
April Xinran Yu
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Life, a canvas of hues beyond black and white, navigates the challenge of gray areas for an immigrant like me. In this complex journey, adapting to a new environment and managing personal and professional challenges is a constant juggling act. Distance from loved ones and cultural differences add layers, challenging the handling of mounting pressures. Whether a traveling student, in an international marriage, an elderly person relocating overseas with adult children, or a parent sending children back for upbringing, unique struggles arise from the intricate complexities in a foreign land.
Life, a canvas of hues beyond black and white, navigates the challenge of gray areas for an immigrant like me. In this complex journey, adapting to a new environment and managing personal and professional challenges is a constant juggling act. Distance from loved ones and cultural differences add layers, challenging the handling of mounting pressures. Whether a traveling student, in an international marriage, an elderly person relocating overseas with adult children, or a parent sending children back for upbringing, unique struggles arise from the intricate complexities in a foreign land.
(508) 501-7154 View (508) 501-7154
Photo of Taylor Lester, Counselor in 02111, MA
Taylor Lester
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Are you someone driven to excel in your profession, academics, or sports, looking to improve your mental well-being, alleviate stress, strengthen relationships, and build self-confidence? As a licensed therapist and former collegiate athlete, I specialize in supporting ambitious individuals like you in overcoming the obstacles keeping you from achieving your personal and professional goals. I work with adolescents, young adults, and adults of various backgrounds and life experiences. Together we will explore your stressors and create a plan that empowers you to take back control of your future.
Are you someone driven to excel in your profession, academics, or sports, looking to improve your mental well-being, alleviate stress, strengthen relationships, and build self-confidence? As a licensed therapist and former collegiate athlete, I specialize in supporting ambitious individuals like you in overcoming the obstacles keeping you from achieving your personal and professional goals. I work with adolescents, young adults, and adults of various backgrounds and life experiences. Together we will explore your stressors and create a plan that empowers you to take back control of your future.
(857) 367-0683 View (857) 367-0683
Photo of Dr. Alex Rivera-Fernandez, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 02111, MA
Dr. Alex Rivera-Fernandez
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, PhD, LADC 1
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Services provided to individuals experiencing psychiatric disability, dual diagnosis, substance abuse, and addiction, isolation, trauma, among others. Services delivered from a multicultural competence perspective through the Wraparound Framework and Systems of Care Philosophy to a broad spectrum of ethnic backgrounds.
Services provided to individuals experiencing psychiatric disability, dual diagnosis, substance abuse, and addiction, isolation, trauma, among others. Services delivered from a multicultural competence perspective through the Wraparound Framework and Systems of Care Philosophy to a broad spectrum of ethnic backgrounds.
(413) 307-3703 View (413) 307-3703
Photo of Dr. Frederick (“Ted') Green, Psychologist in 02111, MA
Dr. Frederick (“Ted') Green
Psychologist, PsyD, LP, ASCH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111
I provide psychological/ neuropsychological testing, psychotherapy, and hypnosis (medical and clinical). If you are interested in working together to learn what you didn’t know you knew or control what you didn’t know you could, psychotherapy and hypnosis can help. If you need testing or assessment, I can put together a specific testing battery to meet your assessment needs. I specialize in ADHD differential diagnoses, Autism Spectrum Disorder differential diagnosis, as well as personality testing for many other differential diagnoses. I see ages 16 and up. I look forward to meeting you!
I provide psychological/ neuropsychological testing, psychotherapy, and hypnosis (medical and clinical). If you are interested in working together to learn what you didn’t know you knew or control what you didn’t know you could, psychotherapy and hypnosis can help. If you need testing or assessment, I can put together a specific testing battery to meet your assessment needs. I specialize in ADHD differential diagnoses, Autism Spectrum Disorder differential diagnosis, as well as personality testing for many other differential diagnoses. I see ages 16 and up. I look forward to meeting you!
(774) 541-1353 View (774) 541-1353
Photo of Andie San Gabriel, Pre-Licensed Professional in 02111, MA
Andie San Gabriel
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Are you tired of feeling overwhelmed by anxiety and depression, or struggling with issues related to your LGBTQ identity? Do you find yourself caught in a cycle of negative thoughts and emotions that seem impossible to break free from? If these questions resonate with you, I want you to know that you are not alone, and there is hope for a brighter tomorrow. My name is Andie and I am a therapist specializing in anxiety, depression, and LGBTQ-related issues. I am here to help you navigate your unique journey towards emotional well-being and self-acceptance.
Are you tired of feeling overwhelmed by anxiety and depression, or struggling with issues related to your LGBTQ identity? Do you find yourself caught in a cycle of negative thoughts and emotions that seem impossible to break free from? If these questions resonate with you, I want you to know that you are not alone, and there is hope for a brighter tomorrow. My name is Andie and I am a therapist specializing in anxiety, depression, and LGBTQ-related issues. I am here to help you navigate your unique journey towards emotional well-being and self-acceptance.
(201) 862-7638 View (201) 862-7638
Photo of Nikki Huijun Li, Pre-Licensed Professional in 02111, MA
Nikki Huijun Li
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, R-DMT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111
Nikki works with children and adults of all backgrounds, specializing in children with special needs, parenting/co-parenting, couples' therapy and polyamory, international students, and Asian mental health. She has experience with a wide range of issues including anxiety, communication, self-image, personal growth, relational issues, boundary setting, neurodivergent and queer experiences, racial trauma, etc. Her therapeutic approach is creative and relational, and she provides language-specific care in both English and Mandarin Chinese.
Nikki works with children and adults of all backgrounds, specializing in children with special needs, parenting/co-parenting, couples' therapy and polyamory, international students, and Asian mental health. She has experience with a wide range of issues including anxiety, communication, self-image, personal growth, relational issues, boundary setting, neurodivergent and queer experiences, racial trauma, etc. Her therapeutic approach is creative and relational, and she provides language-specific care in both English and Mandarin Chinese.
(617) 765-9820 View (617) 765-9820
Photo of Wil Hartigan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Wil Hartigan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
(APPOINTMENTS AVAILABLE NOW) I am a solution focused therapist with experience in treating depression, anxiety, PTSD, relationship issues and helping people achieve their goals. I have 14+ years of experience in the mental health field in which I've helped change the lives of people of all ages. I have a Masters degree in social work from Simmons University and a sociology degree from Colby College. I have experience working with all ages, ranging from teenagers to adults.
(APPOINTMENTS AVAILABLE NOW) I am a solution focused therapist with experience in treating depression, anxiety, PTSD, relationship issues and helping people achieve their goals. I have 14+ years of experience in the mental health field in which I've helped change the lives of people of all ages. I have a Masters degree in social work from Simmons University and a sociology degree from Colby College. I have experience working with all ages, ranging from teenagers to adults.
(617) 380-4010 View (617) 380-4010
Photo of Allison Heneghan, Counselor in 02111, MA
Allison Heneghan
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Boston, MA 02111  (Online Only)
Do you struggle coping with stress, anxiety or depression and feel overwhelmed? Have you experienced traumatic events recently or in your past? If you are ready to take the next step, we can work together in your healing journey.
Do you struggle coping with stress, anxiety or depression and feel overwhelmed? Have you experienced traumatic events recently or in your past? If you are ready to take the next step, we can work together in your healing journey.
View
Photo of Sasha Cabin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 02111, MA
Sasha Cabin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boston, MA 02111
It can be hard to reach out for help, especially if you are struggling or have felt unheard; but taking the first step and coming to therapy is a gift to yourself. I am a compassionate listener who will help you achieve the goals and changes that you are looking for, without judgment. Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, low self esteem, or interpersonal stresses, I will help you create an individualized plan to work towards your goals. In therapy, you can learn to find your strengths, understand yourself, honor your lived experiences and needs, and live a more balanced and empowered life.
It can be hard to reach out for help, especially if you are struggling or have felt unheard; but taking the first step and coming to therapy is a gift to yourself. I am a compassionate listener who will help you achieve the goals and changes that you are looking for, without judgment. Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, low self esteem, or interpersonal stresses, I will help you create an individualized plan to work towards your goals. In therapy, you can learn to find your strengths, understand yourself, honor your lived experiences and needs, and live a more balanced and empowered life.
(475) 267-6031 View (475) 267-6031

See more therapy options for 02111

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 02111

60+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 02111 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
87% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
70% Stress
64% Coping Skills
62% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% Optum
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 02111 see their clients

53% Online Only
47% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 02111?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.