Psychiatrists in Williamson County, TN

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Photo of Gundu Reddy, MD , MBBS, Psychiatrist
Gundu Reddy
Psychiatrist, MD , MBBS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Franklin, TN 37067  (Online Only)
I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist Tennessee. I have trained in Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Family and Marital therapy, as well as Psychiatric Medication Management. I have always believed that brain health is the key to every form of well being and every individual regardless of their diagnosis or symptoms has the potential to be healthier. Whether your reasons for seeking treatment include treatment-resistant hallucinations, persistent irritability, dysphoria, insomnia, wanting to perform better at work- the core principles of treatment are often similar.
I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist Tennessee. I have trained in Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Family and Marital therapy, as well as Psychiatric Medication Management. I have always believed that brain health is the key to every form of well being and every individual regardless of their diagnosis or symptoms has the potential to be healthier. Whether your reasons for seeking treatment include treatment-resistant hallucinations, persistent irritability, dysphoria, insomnia, wanting to perform better at work- the core principles of treatment are often similar.
(615) 205-9448 View (615) 205-9448
Photo of Allison Richardson, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Allison Richardson
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Franklin, TN 37064
Mercy Community Healthcare offers comprehensive primary and mental healthcare to adults and children. Mercy’s psychiatric services enhance the quality of excellence in assessment, diagnosis, medication administration, evaluation and professional education. Mercy employs board-certified psychiatrists and psychiatric nurse practitioners.
Mercy Community Healthcare offers comprehensive primary and mental healthcare to adults and children. Mercy’s psychiatric services enhance the quality of excellence in assessment, diagnosis, medication administration, evaluation and professional education. Mercy employs board-certified psychiatrists and psychiatric nurse practitioners.
(629) 299-2893 View (629) 299-2893
Photo of Heather Brown, PA-C, Physician Assistant
Heather Brown
Physician Assistant, PA-C
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Welcome! I am a board-certified Physician Assistant. Making your mental health a priority can be intimidating and a difficult first step. My goal is to make you feel comfortable during this process by being kind, compassionate, and humble so my patients can achieve total mental, physical, and spiritual wellness. I work with children and adults and find it delightful to see my patients happy, motivated, and living their best lives.
Welcome! I am a board-certified Physician Assistant. Making your mental health a priority can be intimidating and a difficult first step. My goal is to make you feel comfortable during this process by being kind, compassionate, and humble so my patients can achieve total mental, physical, and spiritual wellness. I work with children and adults and find it delightful to see my patients happy, motivated, and living their best lives.
(629) 276-9345 View (629) 276-9345
Photo of Caleb Gulley, DNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Caleb Gulley
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Caleb is a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner specializing in the medical management of mental illness across the lifespan. He uses an evidence-based, patient-centered approach to treatment. Through assessment of the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of a condition, he is better able to understand concerns and recommend effective treatment for recovery. The goal is to connect you with the therapies you need to live life more fully.
Caleb is a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner specializing in the medical management of mental illness across the lifespan. He uses an evidence-based, patient-centered approach to treatment. Through assessment of the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of a condition, he is better able to understand concerns and recommend effective treatment for recovery. The goal is to connect you with the therapies you need to live life more fully.
(931) 283-2484 View (931) 283-2484
Photo of Brandon D Teeftaller, APN, RN, MSN, Psychiatric Nurse
Brandon D Teeftaller
Psychiatric Nurse, APN, RN, MSN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brentwood, TN 37027
I specialize in treating a wide variety of mental illness in adolescents and adults. In the last 20 years, I have developed a special interest in helping individuals achieve personal goals. I support and assist clients to develop a healthy self. It is my goal each day to help individuals improve their daily functioning. I believe the combination of medication management and brief psychotherapy offers clients the best tools for success. I work hard with each client offering my expertise in both areas to maximize his/her potential for holistic growth.
I specialize in treating a wide variety of mental illness in adolescents and adults. In the last 20 years, I have developed a special interest in helping individuals achieve personal goals. I support and assist clients to develop a healthy self. It is my goal each day to help individuals improve their daily functioning. I believe the combination of medication management and brief psychotherapy offers clients the best tools for success. I work hard with each client offering my expertise in both areas to maximize his/her potential for holistic growth.
(615) 745-1107 View (615) 745-1107
Photo of Caroline Drake, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Caroline Drake
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Stacie (Caroline) Drake, a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner-BC. She practices with the belief that people need empathy, compassion, and the whole person understanding to live authentically. Caroline meets patients where they are. She treats mental health issues holistically from a patient-centered perspective: Supportive Therapy, Medications, Patient Education, and Integrative Natural Approaches Caroline is a graduate of Maryville University in St Louis, MO; she graduated Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing; She is also a member of the American Nurses Association.
Stacie (Caroline) Drake, a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner-BC. She practices with the belief that people need empathy, compassion, and the whole person understanding to live authentically. Caroline meets patients where they are. She treats mental health issues holistically from a patient-centered perspective: Supportive Therapy, Medications, Patient Education, and Integrative Natural Approaches Caroline is a graduate of Maryville University in St Louis, MO; she graduated Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing; She is also a member of the American Nurses Association.
(615) 240-2397 View (615) 240-2397
Photo of Erin Fish, MSN, APRN-BC, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Erin Fish
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN-BC, PMHNP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Franklin, TN 37064  (Online Only)
Are you searching for a compassionate psychiatric provider? As a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC), I provide comprehensive psychiatric assessment, consultation, and medication management utilizing current standards of care and evidence- based practice. As both a medication provider and clinically trained mental health therapist, I truly believe in patient-centered care focusing on the "whole person" via integration of physical, emotional, and social aspects in an individual's life. In our appointments we will discuss both medication and non-medication treatment interventions.
Are you searching for a compassionate psychiatric provider? As a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC), I provide comprehensive psychiatric assessment, consultation, and medication management utilizing current standards of care and evidence- based practice. As both a medication provider and clinically trained mental health therapist, I truly believe in patient-centered care focusing on the "whole person" via integration of physical, emotional, and social aspects in an individual's life. In our appointments we will discuss both medication and non-medication treatment interventions.
(615) 576-8433 View (615) 576-8433
Photo of Shristi Shrestha, MD, Psychiatrist
Shristi Shrestha
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Dr. Shrestha is a Board Certified Adult Psychiatrist, proficient in treating clients who are 15 years and older. She holds a very strong belief in healing work with her clients through an integrative wellness approach. This holistic method to healing work combines medical treatment, psychotherapy, pharmacogenetics, the physical domain, and spiritual domain, for a truly holistic approach. Dr. Shrestha helps her clients struggling with problems regarding life stressors, adjustment issues, maladaptive coping skills, emotional turmoil, and learning deficiencies.
Dr. Shrestha is a Board Certified Adult Psychiatrist, proficient in treating clients who are 15 years and older. She holds a very strong belief in healing work with her clients through an integrative wellness approach. This holistic method to healing work combines medical treatment, psychotherapy, pharmacogenetics, the physical domain, and spiritual domain, for a truly holistic approach. Dr. Shrestha helps her clients struggling with problems regarding life stressors, adjustment issues, maladaptive coping skills, emotional turmoil, and learning deficiencies.
(615) 265-0982 View (615) 265-0982
Photo of Victoria Maclellan, PMHMP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Victoria Maclellan
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHMP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Hello! I am a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I believe in holistic care, which emphasizes treating the mind, body, and spirit. It can be very scary to reach out for help, and often difficult to open up about our needs. My goal is to create a space for everyone to feel safe and welcome, so that they can receive the care they deserve. As a provider at Family Care Center, I offer medication management. Medication is a powerful tool that can aid you in your mental health journey. Medication reduces/ treats our symptoms, allowing us to feel healthier in order to dive into simultaneous treatments, such as meditation and therapy.
Hello! I am a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I believe in holistic care, which emphasizes treating the mind, body, and spirit. It can be very scary to reach out for help, and often difficult to open up about our needs. My goal is to create a space for everyone to feel safe and welcome, so that they can receive the care they deserve. As a provider at Family Care Center, I offer medication management. Medication is a powerful tool that can aid you in your mental health journey. Medication reduces/ treats our symptoms, allowing us to feel healthier in order to dive into simultaneous treatments, such as meditation and therapy.
(629) 400-8037 View (629) 400-8037
Photo of Brei Chisholm, ARNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Brei Chisholm
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, ARNP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Brei Chisholm is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) whose journey into mental health care was sparked by a profound passion for guiding individuals toward mental wellness. Brei's approach seamlessly integrates evidence-based with personalized care, emphasizing a holistic perspective that delves beyond symptoms to address the underlying causes.
Brei Chisholm is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) whose journey into mental health care was sparked by a profound passion for guiding individuals toward mental wellness. Brei's approach seamlessly integrates evidence-based with personalized care, emphasizing a holistic perspective that delves beyond symptoms to address the underlying causes.
(629) 260-3035 View (629) 260-3035
Photo of Dr. Patrick Eneje, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Dr. Patrick Eneje
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027  (Online Only)
Dr. Patrick Eneje is a doctoral-prepared, licensed and board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. He sees patients ages 14 to 65 with psychiatric conditions, including but not limited to PTSD, OCD, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, etc. Dr. Eneje's primary practice goal is to provide evidence-based, holistic care by combining psychopharmacology with supportive psychotherapy to enhance each individual’s mental, physical, and emotional state of well-being. He values collaborative relationships and enjoys tailoring care by taking into account one’s unique identity and background.
Dr. Patrick Eneje is a doctoral-prepared, licensed and board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. He sees patients ages 14 to 65 with psychiatric conditions, including but not limited to PTSD, OCD, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, etc. Dr. Eneje's primary practice goal is to provide evidence-based, holistic care by combining psychopharmacology with supportive psychotherapy to enhance each individual’s mental, physical, and emotional state of well-being. He values collaborative relationships and enjoys tailoring care by taking into account one’s unique identity and background.
(206) 203-7325 View (206) 203-7325
Photo of Sherika Cowan, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sherika Cowan
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Franklin, TN 37067  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse practitioner with 17 years total of nursing experience. I received my Masters Degree from Walden University in 2021. I believe in forming a personalized plan of care that values you and put your feelings first by use of evidence based practice, strong communication, and listening skills.
Hi! I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse practitioner with 17 years total of nursing experience. I received my Masters Degree from Walden University in 2021. I believe in forming a personalized plan of care that values you and put your feelings first by use of evidence based practice, strong communication, and listening skills.
(629) 280-4777 View (629) 280-4777
Photo of Teresa Arnold, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Teresa Arnold
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027  (Online Only)
I am a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner (PMHNP-BC) with 6 years of nursing experience and 2 years of experience in psychiatry. My nursing background is in critical care, and I have experience treating high-acuity and high-risk patient populations across neurological, surgical, medical, trauma, and cardiac intensive-care settings. I transitioned into psychiatry due to my experience with vulnerable mentally ill and substance -addicted populations experiencing acute illness as a result of many years without adequate psychiatric care.
I am a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner (PMHNP-BC) with 6 years of nursing experience and 2 years of experience in psychiatry. My nursing background is in critical care, and I have experience treating high-acuity and high-risk patient populations across neurological, surgical, medical, trauma, and cardiac intensive-care settings. I transitioned into psychiatry due to my experience with vulnerable mentally ill and substance -addicted populations experiencing acute illness as a result of many years without adequate psychiatric care.
(615) 437-9767 View (615) 437-9767
Photo of Eboni D. Burns, ARNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Eboni D. Burns
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, ARNP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Mrs. Eboni Burns is a board-certified PMHNP whose goal is to continue to be an oasis of hope within the community by serving as a compassionate clinician to individuals throughout lifespan. Eboni has served eleven years within the mental health field and is passionate about helping individuals reach their personal goals by using a holistic approach with medication and non-medication-based interventions. Eboni obtained a Bachelors of Nursing from Belmont University and completed her Masters of Science from the University of Tennessee. She also holds a Master's in Business Administration from Bethel University.
Mrs. Eboni Burns is a board-certified PMHNP whose goal is to continue to be an oasis of hope within the community by serving as a compassionate clinician to individuals throughout lifespan. Eboni has served eleven years within the mental health field and is passionate about helping individuals reach their personal goals by using a holistic approach with medication and non-medication-based interventions. Eboni obtained a Bachelors of Nursing from Belmont University and completed her Masters of Science from the University of Tennessee. She also holds a Master's in Business Administration from Bethel University.
(629) 249-6925 View (629) 249-6925
Photo of Christopher Van Schenck - Nolensville Psychiatry, MD, Psychiatrist
Nolensville Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Nolensville, TN 37135
I provide telehealth and in person visits. I am an American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Certified Psychiatrist with 15 years of experience treating a wide range of patients ages 6 through adult in both inpatient and outpatient settings. I provide both medication management and therapy to individuals and couples. I collaborate with patients and families to help them find the treatment that works best. All appointments are conveniently booked online at the website www.nolensvillepsychiatry.com
I provide telehealth and in person visits. I am an American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Certified Psychiatrist with 15 years of experience treating a wide range of patients ages 6 through adult in both inpatient and outpatient settings. I provide both medication management and therapy to individuals and couples. I collaborate with patients and families to help them find the treatment that works best. All appointments are conveniently booked online at the website www.nolensvillepsychiatry.com
(629) 217-2398 View (629) 217-2398
Photo of Sam Burress, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sam Burress
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Franklin, TN 37067
Sam Burress received his Bachelor’s degree from Martin Methodist College in 2015. Sam has a background in Intensive Care and Emergency nursing, but quickly realized that his true passion was in psychiatric nursing. He worked in Centennial’s inpatient psychiatric hospital in various bedside and administrative roles for 6 years prior to attending Middle Tennessee State University to obtain a Master’s degree and PMHNP certification. He strives to provide excellent and compassionate care to all of his clients.
Sam Burress received his Bachelor’s degree from Martin Methodist College in 2015. Sam has a background in Intensive Care and Emergency nursing, but quickly realized that his true passion was in psychiatric nursing. He worked in Centennial’s inpatient psychiatric hospital in various bedside and administrative roles for 6 years prior to attending Middle Tennessee State University to obtain a Master’s degree and PMHNP certification. He strives to provide excellent and compassionate care to all of his clients.
(615) 455-0026 x1 View (615) 455-0026 x1
Photo of Debra Poplar, DNP, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Debra Poplar
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Franklin, TN 37067
There are so many reasons for seeking mental health treatment. You could be struggling with a history of trauma, unstable moods, poor sleep, inability to focus and low motivation, or something else that has been negatively affecting your life. We will work together to help you grow and become a better version of yourself. I provide medication management with an emphasis on helping you to identify underlying causes of mental health concerns, such as stress, trauma, diet, physical health, sleep, relationships, and metabolic abnormalities, within a mindfulness-based framework. Please visit www.myharmonyearth.com for more information.
There are so many reasons for seeking mental health treatment. You could be struggling with a history of trauma, unstable moods, poor sleep, inability to focus and low motivation, or something else that has been negatively affecting your life. We will work together to help you grow and become a better version of yourself. I provide medication management with an emphasis on helping you to identify underlying causes of mental health concerns, such as stress, trauma, diet, physical health, sleep, relationships, and metabolic abnormalities, within a mindfulness-based framework. Please visit www.myharmonyearth.com for more information.
(615) 249-1511 View (615) 249-1511
Photo of Dakotah Willis, PA-C, Physician Assistant
Dakotah Willis
Physician Assistant, PA-C
Verified Verified
Franklin, TN 37067
As a Physician Assistant it is my duty to explore all aspects of your health. In order to treat every patient holistically, I use the 4-part biopsychosocial-spiritual model. This acknowledges that each and every individual has 4 key factors surrounding your mental wellbeing these being: biological, psychological, social and spiritual. Using evidence-based practice I will dive into each of these aspects in order to fully understand what brought you to me. I want to be your teammate on this journey of healing and be the support you need to be able to celebrate and enjoy life to the fullest extent.
As a Physician Assistant it is my duty to explore all aspects of your health. In order to treat every patient holistically, I use the 4-part biopsychosocial-spiritual model. This acknowledges that each and every individual has 4 key factors surrounding your mental wellbeing these being: biological, psychological, social and spiritual. Using evidence-based practice I will dive into each of these aspects in order to fully understand what brought you to me. I want to be your teammate on this journey of healing and be the support you need to be able to celebrate and enjoy life to the fullest extent.
(615) 697-4889 View (615) 697-4889
Photo of Sonya Butler, PMHNPBC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sonya Butler
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027  (Online Only)
As a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) with numerous years of dedicated experience, Sonya is deeply committed to providing compassionate and comprehensive mental health care to individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and various thought and mood disorders. Her passion lies in helping her clients achieve mental well-being and regain control of their lives. She has honed her skills in treating anxiety and depression, recognizing that these conditions can profoundly impact an individual's daily functioning and overall quality of life.
As a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) with numerous years of dedicated experience, Sonya is deeply committed to providing compassionate and comprehensive mental health care to individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, and various thought and mood disorders. Her passion lies in helping her clients achieve mental well-being and regain control of their lives. She has honed her skills in treating anxiety and depression, recognizing that these conditions can profoundly impact an individual's daily functioning and overall quality of life.
(615) 857-3477 View (615) 857-3477
Photo of Taylor Berry, MSN, APRN, PMHNPBC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Taylor Berry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Franklin, TN 37064  (Online Only)
All appointments will be 100% virtual with the possibility for in-person appointments as early as January 2024 on Friday's in Franklin, TN. Accepting cash pay, Aetna, Cigna, Optum/United Healthcare, BCBS, and Tricare. VACCN coming soon!
All appointments will be 100% virtual with the possibility for in-person appointments as early as January 2024 on Friday's in Franklin, TN. Accepting cash pay, Aetna, Cigna, Optum/United Healthcare, BCBS, and Tricare. VACCN coming soon!
(615) 471-7521 View (615) 471-7521
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See more therapy options for Williamson County

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Williamson County, TN

100+

Average cost per session

$213

Psychiatrists in Williamson County, TN who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
92% Anxiety
77% Trauma and PTSD
74% Bipolar Disorder
71% ADHD
69% Medication Management
67% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
88% Cigna and Evernorth
86% Optum

How Psychiatrists in Williamson County, TN see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
30% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Williamson County?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.