Psychiatrists in Knoxville, TN

Photo of Lori Hestand, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Lori Hestand
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
I have been a nurse practitioner for about 15 years. I was a pediatric nurse practitioner for 12 years. I have been a psychiatric nurse practitioner for the last 3 years. I see clients of all ages. I specialize in anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Bipolar Disorder. I enjoy partnering with my clients to develop an individualized treatment plan.
I have been a nurse practitioner for about 15 years. I was a pediatric nurse practitioner for 12 years. I have been a psychiatric nurse practitioner for the last 3 years. I see clients of all ages. I specialize in anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Bipolar Disorder. I enjoy partnering with my clients to develop an individualized treatment plan.
(865) 213-7605 View (865) 213-7605
Photo of Scott Baymiller, MD, Psychiatrist
Scott Baymiller
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Scott Baymiller, M. D, is a board-certified psychiatrist with over 20 years of experience in the field of medication management for the treatment of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. "š He graduated medical school at the University of Tennessee and completed his residency at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. He has been on faculty at multiple universities and has worked in inpatient, outpatient, partial hospitalization, and community mental health settings. He has also served as medical director of multiple psychiatric hospitals.
Scott Baymiller, M. D, is a board-certified psychiatrist with over 20 years of experience in the field of medication management for the treatment of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. "š He graduated medical school at the University of Tennessee and completed his residency at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. He has been on faculty at multiple universities and has worked in inpatient, outpatient, partial hospitalization, and community mental health settings. He has also served as medical director of multiple psychiatric hospitals.
(865) 290-2334 View (865) 290-2334
Photo of Patti Reposa, APRN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Patti Reposa
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37917
I work with adults struggling with a wide range of issues by providing assessment and medication management. I serve as the Managing Partner at Knoxville Family Psychiatry and and provide mentoring and guidance to the other nurse practitioners in the practice and how best to serve their patients. In my own practice, I love working with people who are highly motivated and take great joy when they have the opportunity to experience positive change in their lives.
I work with adults struggling with a wide range of issues by providing assessment and medication management. I serve as the Managing Partner at Knoxville Family Psychiatry and and provide mentoring and guidance to the other nurse practitioners in the practice and how best to serve their patients. In my own practice, I love working with people who are highly motivated and take great joy when they have the opportunity to experience positive change in their lives.
(865) 269-6729 View (865) 269-6729
Photo of Sally (Sarah Elizabeth) Summers, PMHNP, MSN-CNL, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sally (Sarah Elizabeth) Summers
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, MSN-CNL
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
Waitlist for new clients
Sally has a Bachelor's in Psychology and two advanced degrees in Nursing. She provides psychiatric services, including psychiatric evaluation and medication management for children, adolescents, and adults. Her primary goal is to make her patients feel "seen" with a caring, non-judgemental approach. She provides high-quality, evidence-based care tailored to her patient's diagnosis and lifestyle in hopes of reducing individual suffering and helping her patients become the most optimal version of themself.
Sally has a Bachelor's in Psychology and two advanced degrees in Nursing. She provides psychiatric services, including psychiatric evaluation and medication management for children, adolescents, and adults. Her primary goal is to make her patients feel "seen" with a caring, non-judgemental approach. She provides high-quality, evidence-based care tailored to her patient's diagnosis and lifestyle in hopes of reducing individual suffering and helping her patients become the most optimal version of themself.
(865) 213-7490 View (865) 213-7490
Photo of Jennifer Phillips - Down To Earth Services, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Down To Earth Services
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37909
Down To Earth Services is actively accepting new clients for medication management ! Sometimes, no matter how independent we are, we need help. We have a passion for supporting people who are seeking help managing high stress, life changes, anxiety, depression and trauma symptoms through outpatient therapy sessions and medication management. We currently have five medication management providers in our practice: Adam Ballintoy, APRN, Susan Barner, APRN, Jennifer Phillips, APRN, Dr. Lisa Pullen, APRN, and Samuel Wood, APRN. We also offer individual therapy, couples therapy, family therapy and group therapy sessions.
Down To Earth Services is actively accepting new clients for medication management ! Sometimes, no matter how independent we are, we need help. We have a passion for supporting people who are seeking help managing high stress, life changes, anxiety, depression and trauma symptoms through outpatient therapy sessions and medication management. We currently have five medication management providers in our practice: Adam Ballintoy, APRN, Susan Barner, APRN, Jennifer Phillips, APRN, Dr. Lisa Pullen, APRN, and Samuel Wood, APRN. We also offer individual therapy, couples therapy, family therapy and group therapy sessions.
(865) 800-4063 View (865) 800-4063
Photo of Michelle Wojciechowski, FNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Michelle Wojciechowski
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909  (Online Only)
Michelle Wojciechowski, a licensed Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee, specializes in teletherapy, providing comprehensive mental health support. With a focus on aiding individuals facing the challenges of addiction and depression, Michelle is dedicated to guiding her clients toward achieving their goals. Drawing from her extensive experience, she employs integrated therapeutic approaches to address the complexities of mental health. Having recognized the profound impact of addiction and depression on individuals, Michelle tailors her teletherapy sessions to empower clients to navigate these struggles effectively. Her compa
Michelle Wojciechowski, a licensed Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee, specializes in teletherapy, providing comprehensive mental health support. With a focus on aiding individuals facing the challenges of addiction and depression, Michelle is dedicated to guiding her clients toward achieving their goals. Drawing from her extensive experience, she employs integrated therapeutic approaches to address the complexities of mental health. Having recognized the profound impact of addiction and depression on individuals, Michelle tailors her teletherapy sessions to empower clients to navigate these struggles effectively. Her compa
(865) 424-6235 View (865) 424-6235
Photo of Dr. Elizabeth Ault, MD, Psychiatrist
Dr. Elizabeth Ault
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37909  (Online Only)
I specialize in guiding young and middle-aged adults through difficult life transitions. Facing new academic or work demands, becoming a parent, or navigating relationship dynamics can present many challenges. If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma related symptoms, insomnia, or a variety of other mental health symptoms, I want to guide you through these difficult times by building a supportive, non-judgmental relationship through which to collaborate to discover your ideal self. Psychiatry should not be one-size fits all. It is a dynamic art that takes time, attention to detail, and passion.
I specialize in guiding young and middle-aged adults through difficult life transitions. Facing new academic or work demands, becoming a parent, or navigating relationship dynamics can present many challenges. If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma related symptoms, insomnia, or a variety of other mental health symptoms, I want to guide you through these difficult times by building a supportive, non-judgmental relationship through which to collaborate to discover your ideal self. Psychiatry should not be one-size fits all. It is a dynamic art that takes time, attention to detail, and passion.
(865) 351-0119 View (865) 351-0119
Photo of Teresa Arnold - Mind Matters Behavioral Health, MSN`, APRN, PMHNPBC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Mind Matters Behavioral Health
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN`, APRN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37923  (Online Only)
I am a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with 7 years of nursing experience. I am also a certified clinical anxiety treatment professional (CCATP). My journey began in the ICU, caring for society's most vulnerable as they fought for their lives. Though we saved many, I yearned to do more - to truly improve their quality of life. This calling led me to psychiatry, where I now have the privilege of walking with people on their road to recovery. My goal is not just to prolong life, but to improve it.
I am a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with 7 years of nursing experience. I am also a certified clinical anxiety treatment professional (CCATP). My journey began in the ICU, caring for society's most vulnerable as they fought for their lives. Though we saved many, I yearned to do more - to truly improve their quality of life. This calling led me to psychiatry, where I now have the privilege of walking with people on their road to recovery. My goal is not just to prolong life, but to improve it.
(865) 290-7619 View (865) 290-7619
Photo of Toksy Akinleye, APRN, FNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Toksy Akinleye
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, FNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
19 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37932  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients! Looking for someone who provides non-rushed appointments or someone who’s not looking to just provide a quick prescription. I understand that mental health issues can be debilitating and that seeking mental health care can be challenging. I work closely with individuals who have anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, psychosis, OCD, PTSD, sleep issues, perinatal issues, and more. My passion is to help my patients achieve and improve their mental well-being. My goal is equitable and inclusive care for every individual I care for. You have taken the first step toward mental health and emotional wellness!
Accepting new clients! Looking for someone who provides non-rushed appointments or someone who’s not looking to just provide a quick prescription. I understand that mental health issues can be debilitating and that seeking mental health care can be challenging. I work closely with individuals who have anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, psychosis, OCD, PTSD, sleep issues, perinatal issues, and more. My passion is to help my patients achieve and improve their mental well-being. My goal is equitable and inclusive care for every individual I care for. You have taken the first step toward mental health and emotional wellness!
(865) 351-6256 View (865) 351-6256
Photo of Amber Redfield, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Amber Redfield
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37922
Amber Redfield is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner practicing in Tennessee. She obtained her BSN from Tennessee Wesleyan College and her MSN in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing at the University of Tennessee. Amber has been working in mental health nursing since 2007 in inpatient and outpatient community mental health and since May 2018, as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in community outpatient. She additionally has experience as a nurse practitioner in addiction, working in detox since 2020. Amber is certified to treat people over the lifespan.
Amber Redfield is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner practicing in Tennessee. She obtained her BSN from Tennessee Wesleyan College and her MSN in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing at the University of Tennessee. Amber has been working in mental health nursing since 2007 in inpatient and outpatient community mental health and since May 2018, as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in community outpatient. She additionally has experience as a nurse practitioner in addiction, working in detox since 2020. Amber is certified to treat people over the lifespan.
(865) 217-0570 View (865) 217-0570
Photo of Al Mathewson, ARNP, Psychiatric Nurse
Al Mathewson
Psychiatric Nurse, ARNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37922
Al Mathewson is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee who has been practicing since 2004. He holds an MSW degree from the University of South Carolina, as well as an MSN from the University of Tennessee. Al works collaboratively with his clients to build a plan that will work best for them. Outside of work, Al enjoys photography, playing guitar, and spending time with his granddaughters.
Al Mathewson is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee who has been practicing since 2004. He holds an MSW degree from the University of South Carolina, as well as an MSN from the University of Tennessee. Al works collaboratively with his clients to build a plan that will work best for them. Outside of work, Al enjoys photography, playing guitar, and spending time with his granddaughters.
(865) 302-3459 View (865) 302-3459
Photo of Hannah Hutchins, BS-Edu, BSN-RN, MSN-APN, PMHNP, -BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Hannah Hutchins
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, BS-Edu, BSN-RN, MSN-APN, PMHNP, -BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37922
My clients are from all backgrounds and cultures. I have experience working with an array of diagnoses including: Adjustment Disorders, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Bipolar Disorders, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Eating Disorders, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Insomnia, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Learning Disabilities, Major Depressive Disorder, Mood Related Disorders, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Panic Disorder, Personality Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Post-Partum Depression, Psychosis, Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Self-Harming and Suicidal Ideation.
My clients are from all backgrounds and cultures. I have experience working with an array of diagnoses including: Adjustment Disorders, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Bipolar Disorders, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Eating Disorders, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Insomnia, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Learning Disabilities, Major Depressive Disorder, Mood Related Disorders, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Panic Disorder, Personality Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Post-Partum Depression, Psychosis, Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Self-Harming and Suicidal Ideation.
(865) 509-9483 x125 View (865) 509-9483 x125
Photo of Melinda Kiser, ARNP, Psychiatric Nurse
Melinda Kiser
Psychiatric Nurse, ARNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Melinda Kiser is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner who works with all age groups to provide a psychiatric evaluation and medication management for mental health struggles. She earned a bachelor and master's degree from the University of Tennessee- Knoxville and then completed a post master's certificate for Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner at The Ohio State University. She has 40 years of experience in healthcare and over 8 years of experience as a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in the outpatient, day treatment, school, and residential settings.
Melinda Kiser is a board-certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner who works with all age groups to provide a psychiatric evaluation and medication management for mental health struggles. She earned a bachelor and master's degree from the University of Tennessee- Knoxville and then completed a post master's certificate for Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner at The Ohio State University. She has 40 years of experience in healthcare and over 8 years of experience as a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in the outpatient, day treatment, school, and residential settings.
(865) 345-3299 View (865) 345-3299
Photo of Kelsey Wallace, MPH, MSN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Kelsey Wallace
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MPH, MSN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37923
I am a Nurse Practitioner board certified in Adult/Gero Primary Care and Psychiatric Mental Health. I provide psychiatric evaluation, medication management and supportive psychotherapy for patients 13 years old and above, focusing on trauma-related disorders, depression, anxiety, ADHD and bipolar disorder. I have a special interest in survivors of sexual violence & first responders.
I am a Nurse Practitioner board certified in Adult/Gero Primary Care and Psychiatric Mental Health. I provide psychiatric evaluation, medication management and supportive psychotherapy for patients 13 years old and above, focusing on trauma-related disorders, depression, anxiety, ADHD and bipolar disorder. I have a special interest in survivors of sexual violence & first responders.
(865) 205-7374 View (865) 205-7374
Photo of Resa Noe-Norman, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Resa Noe-Norman
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Resa Noe-Norman is a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee who has been practicing since 2012. She has a Doctorate of Nursing Practice. Resa offers her clients unconditional positive regard. Outside of work, Resa enjoys spending time with her animals, including 3 dogs, 7 bunnies and fish. She enjoys working out, dancing and gymnastics.
Resa Noe-Norman is a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Tennessee who has been practicing since 2012. She has a Doctorate of Nursing Practice. Resa offers her clients unconditional positive regard. Outside of work, Resa enjoys spending time with her animals, including 3 dogs, 7 bunnies and fish. She enjoys working out, dancing and gymnastics.
(865) 375-8727 View (865) 375-8727
Photo of Jill Powell - Dr. Jill Powell, PhD, APN, BC, Psychiatric Nurse
Dr. Jill Powell
Psychiatric Nurse, PhD, APN, BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37919
I bring a unique educational and relational approach to treatment that differs from psychiatry. With a back ground in nursing, I believe in the principles of collaborative care, holism and fully understand that medication is simply one of many tools in addressing mental health issues. I value interdisciplinary care, including other heath care providers, views of family members but most importantly - I focus on you and your source of suffering.
I bring a unique educational and relational approach to treatment that differs from psychiatry. With a back ground in nursing, I believe in the principles of collaborative care, holism and fully understand that medication is simply one of many tools in addressing mental health issues. I value interdisciplinary care, including other heath care providers, views of family members but most importantly - I focus on you and your source of suffering.
(865) 312-7701 View (865) 312-7701
Photo of Dee Brahmbhatt, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, -BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Dee Brahmbhatt
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, -BC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
Hello! My name is Dee and I provide psychiatric medication management services for ages 18-45 years old. I particularly enjoy helping young adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, OCD, ADHD, adjusting to college and/or other situations that arise as they enter adulthood. Please visit www.knoxpsychnp.com to learn more about me. Thank you!
Hello! My name is Dee and I provide psychiatric medication management services for ages 18-45 years old. I particularly enjoy helping young adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, OCD, ADHD, adjusting to college and/or other situations that arise as they enter adulthood. Please visit www.knoxpsychnp.com to learn more about me. Thank you!
(865) 224-7024 View (865) 224-7024
Photo of Vanessa Freeman, MD, Psychiatrist
Vanessa Freeman
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37932
Dr. Vanessa Freeman is a Medical Doctor who is double Board Certified in General Psychiatry and Forensic Psychiatry. She graduated from Fellowship in 2021 from the University of Arkansas for the Medical Sciences. Dr. Freeman believes in providing medication management, TMS, and therapeutic interventions to her patients. She values a patient centered approach in treating psychotic disorders and mood disorders. In her spare time, Dr. Freeman enjoys spending time with her family, friends, and animals.
Dr. Vanessa Freeman is a Medical Doctor who is double Board Certified in General Psychiatry and Forensic Psychiatry. She graduated from Fellowship in 2021 from the University of Arkansas for the Medical Sciences. Dr. Freeman believes in providing medication management, TMS, and therapeutic interventions to her patients. She values a patient centered approach in treating psychotic disorders and mood disorders. In her spare time, Dr. Freeman enjoys spending time with her family, friends, and animals.
(865) 503-6755 View (865) 503-6755
Photo of Lisa Kaye Kruger, PMHNP, MSN, RN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Lisa Kaye Kruger
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, MSN, RN
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
Now accepting adult and adolescent patients who are interesting in exploring options for Anxiety disorders, Depression, ADHD, ADD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, adjustment difficulties and child - caregiver difficulties.
Now accepting adult and adolescent patients who are interesting in exploring options for Anxiety disorders, Depression, ADHD, ADD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, adjustment difficulties and child - caregiver difficulties.
(865) 345-5937 View (865) 345-5937
Photo of Laura Pohl - Women's Mental Health Specialist, CNM, PHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Laura Pohl - Women's Mental Health Specialist
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CNM, PHNP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37923  (Online Only)
I am passionate about women's mental health. In today's world, there are many pressures of life that can cause mental health illnesses. I work primarily with anxiety, depression, and ADHD. I am also a Certified Nurse Midwife. I love working with women who are struggling with mental health needs as well. Breastfeeding is NOT a limiter for medications! Let me help you manage your mental health today!
I am passionate about women's mental health. In today's world, there are many pressures of life that can cause mental health illnesses. I work primarily with anxiety, depression, and ADHD. I am also a Certified Nurse Midwife. I love working with women who are struggling with mental health needs as well. Breastfeeding is NOT a limiter for medications! Let me help you manage your mental health today!
(865) 302-3722 View (865) 302-3722

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Knoxville, TN

70+

Average cost per session

$142

Psychiatrists in Knoxville, TN who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
87% Anxiety
86% Bipolar Disorder
79% Medication Management
77% Trauma and PTSD
76% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
72% ADHD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% Aetna
93% Cigna and Evernorth
93% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Psychiatrists in Knoxville, TN see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
11% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Knoxville?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.