Psychiatrists in Spartanburg, SC

Photo of Danielle Berry, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Danielle Berry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNP, SANE-A, CEN
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Danielle graduated from USC-Upstate with her Bachelors of Science in Nursing in 2010; a proud alumna of Gardner Webb University, she earned her Doctorate in Nursing with a specialization in Mental Health as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Most recently she served as a forensic nurse and sexual assault nurse examiner in both a clinician and an educator role. In this role she provided expert care to patients experiencing sexual assault, intimate partner violence, child abuse/neglect, and vulnerable adult abuse/neglect.
Danielle graduated from USC-Upstate with her Bachelors of Science in Nursing in 2010; a proud alumna of Gardner Webb University, she earned her Doctorate in Nursing with a specialization in Mental Health as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Most recently she served as a forensic nurse and sexual assault nurse examiner in both a clinician and an educator role. In this role she provided expert care to patients experiencing sexual assault, intimate partner violence, child abuse/neglect, and vulnerable adult abuse/neglect.
(864) 661-6926 View (864) 661-6926
Photo of Upstate Mental Health, LLC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Upstate Mental Health, LLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Now Accepting New Patients with Primary Care Provider Referral: Upstate Mental Health, LLC is owned and operated by a Professional Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, ANCC Board Certified, serving patients with a range of mental health diagnoses in an outpatient setting. Beyond outpatient services, we also offer free collaboration with local therapist and psychologist for the better care of patients within our community.
Now Accepting New Patients with Primary Care Provider Referral: Upstate Mental Health, LLC is owned and operated by a Professional Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, ANCC Board Certified, serving patients with a range of mental health diagnoses in an outpatient setting. Beyond outpatient services, we also offer free collaboration with local therapist and psychologist for the better care of patients within our community.
(864) 971-3740 View (864) 971-3740
Photo of Kevin Cromer, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Kevin Cromer
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PHMNP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Meet Kevin Cromer, a Spartanburg native deeply committed to the local mental health community since 2014. Starting as a registered nurse at Spartanburg Medical Center, Kevin's passion for mental health led him to pursue advanced education, becoming an ANCC-Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. With experience in both inpatient and outpatient care, he established Upstate Mental Health, LLC in January 2021, making history as Spartanburg's first Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner-owned office in December 2021.
Meet Kevin Cromer, a Spartanburg native deeply committed to the local mental health community since 2014. Starting as a registered nurse at Spartanburg Medical Center, Kevin's passion for mental health led him to pursue advanced education, becoming an ANCC-Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. With experience in both inpatient and outpatient care, he established Upstate Mental Health, LLC in January 2021, making history as Spartanburg's first Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner-owned office in December 2021.
(864) 689-3018 View (864) 689-3018
Photo of Gundu Reddy, Psychiatrist in Spartanburg, SC
Gundu Reddy
Psychiatrist, MD, MBBS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29307  (Online Only)
I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist in South Carolina. I have trained in Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Family and Marital therapy, as well as Psychiatric Medication Management. I have always believed that brain health is the key to every form of well being and every individual regardless of their diagnosis or symptoms has the potential to be healthier. Whether your reasons for seeking treatment include treatment-resistant hallucinations, persistent irritability, dysphoria, insomnia, wanting to perform better at work- the core principles of treatment are often similar.
I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist in South Carolina. I have trained in Psychodynamic psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Family and Marital therapy, as well as Psychiatric Medication Management. I have always believed that brain health is the key to every form of well being and every individual regardless of their diagnosis or symptoms has the potential to be healthier. Whether your reasons for seeking treatment include treatment-resistant hallucinations, persistent irritability, dysphoria, insomnia, wanting to perform better at work- the core principles of treatment are often similar.
(803) 675-7882 View (803) 675-7882
Photo of Dr. Roxanne Singer-Gheorghiu, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Dr. Roxanne Singer-Gheorghiu
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP, AGPCNP, AGNP-C, CDCES
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29303  (Online Only)
Dr. Roxanne Singer, DNP is a triple Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health, Adult Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner and Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist. She is passionate about providing empathetic, client-centered care for individuals whose lives are interrupted by anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, schizophrenia, and OCD. Many of her clients seek help to manage emotions that feel uncontrollable, emotions like anger, frustration, sadness, grief, and loneliness.
Dr. Roxanne Singer, DNP is a triple Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health, Adult Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner and Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist. She is passionate about providing empathetic, client-centered care for individuals whose lives are interrupted by anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, schizophrenia, and OCD. Many of her clients seek help to manage emotions that feel uncontrollable, emotions like anger, frustration, sadness, grief, and loneliness.
(332) 244-9796 View (332) 244-9796
Harold Bedu-Addo
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29303  (Online Only)
I am part of a group practice that works with adults of all ages. I am a licensed PMHNP, psychiatric mental health provider, in Kentucky with 2+ years of experience in public mental health.
I am part of a group practice that works with adults of all ages. I am a licensed PMHNP, psychiatric mental health provider, in Kentucky with 2+ years of experience in public mental health.
(803) 310-2470 View (803) 310-2470
Photo of Anglique Rich, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Anglique Rich
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29303
Angie is a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner with more than 13 years of experience in various mental health backgrounds including: crisis stabilization, substance use detoxification, and cognitive disorders. She appreciates honesty, proactivity, patience, and self-awareness from her patients during the treatment process. She believes in the power of empathy, compassion, and understanding in transforming the lives of individuals struggling with mental health disorders.
Angie is a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner with more than 13 years of experience in various mental health backgrounds including: crisis stabilization, substance use detoxification, and cognitive disorders. She appreciates honesty, proactivity, patience, and self-awareness from her patients during the treatment process. She believes in the power of empathy, compassion, and understanding in transforming the lives of individuals struggling with mental health disorders.
(864) 531-8377 View (864) 531-8377
Photo of Dr. Wanda Samake, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Dr. Wanda Samake
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP, MS
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29303
I am a Greenville native and I earned both my Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from Clemson University. In 2008, I earned my Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from the Medical College of Georgia. I have been a nurse practitioner for 15 years and I hold dual board certifications in family practice and psychiatric mental healthcare. I have a very diverse clinical background that includes psychiatry, neurology and gerontology. As a nurse practitioner, I have practiced both neurology and psychiatry locally in physician groups here in Greenville and I have first-hand knowledge of how difficult it can be to find a mental health provider
I am a Greenville native and I earned both my Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from Clemson University. In 2008, I earned my Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from the Medical College of Georgia. I have been a nurse practitioner for 15 years and I hold dual board certifications in family practice and psychiatric mental healthcare. I have a very diverse clinical background that includes psychiatry, neurology and gerontology. As a nurse practitioner, I have practiced both neurology and psychiatry locally in physician groups here in Greenville and I have first-hand knowledge of how difficult it can be to find a mental health provider
(864) 479-4957 View (864) 479-4957
Photo of Cassandra Hayes, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Cassandra Hayes
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP-C, MSN, APRN
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29301
I enjoy working with patients of all ages that have different needs. I use my knowledge of diet, exercise and sleep to educate patients along with the pharmacologic and therapeutic aspects. I treat everyone as an individual and will customize a treatment plan based on the unique needs of each patient.
I enjoy working with patients of all ages that have different needs. I use my knowledge of diet, exercise and sleep to educate patients along with the pharmacologic and therapeutic aspects. I treat everyone as an individual and will customize a treatment plan based on the unique needs of each patient.
(864) 514-5635 View (864) 514-5635
Photo of David Shane Sherbondy, Psychiatrist in Spartanburg, SC
David Shane Sherbondy
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Dr. Sherbondy has greater than 20 years of experience in the field of Psychiatry. He received his medical degree at Loma Linda University School of Medicine in Loma Linda, California. Then, he completed his residency and fellowship at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Columbia, South Carolina. He is triple board-certified in general psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, and addiction medicine. Dr. Sherbondy provides treatment for adults, teenagers, and children diagnosed with depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, panic disorder, OCD, and more.
Dr. Sherbondy has greater than 20 years of experience in the field of Psychiatry. He received his medical degree at Loma Linda University School of Medicine in Loma Linda, California. Then, he completed his residency and fellowship at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Columbia, South Carolina. He is triple board-certified in general psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, and addiction medicine. Dr. Sherbondy provides treatment for adults, teenagers, and children diagnosed with depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, panic disorder, OCD, and more.
(864) 714-0718 View (864) 714-0718
Photo of Kimberly Parker, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Kimberly Parker
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, FNP-BC, APRN
Verified Verified
18 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29301
It's important to find the right provider, who you can trust to walk with you. I'm open, caring, and create a nonjudgmental, empathetic space to work through life. Receiving the correct diagnosis, and understanding your symptoms and diagnosis will help you manage life better. My treatment takes a holistic approach. Sleep, nutrients, stress management, and exercise all affect our physical and mental health. I can prescribe medications and also recommend supplements to help improve symptoms. I've been a nurse practitioner for over 20 years, working with varying health conditions and clients across the lifespan.
It's important to find the right provider, who you can trust to walk with you. I'm open, caring, and create a nonjudgmental, empathetic space to work through life. Receiving the correct diagnosis, and understanding your symptoms and diagnosis will help you manage life better. My treatment takes a holistic approach. Sleep, nutrients, stress management, and exercise all affect our physical and mental health. I can prescribe medications and also recommend supplements to help improve symptoms. I've been a nurse practitioner for over 20 years, working with varying health conditions and clients across the lifespan.
(864) 774-5432 View (864) 774-5432
Photo of Mel Brown, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Mel Brown
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, WHNP-BC, PMH-C, APRN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29301
I am a board-certified Women's Health Nurse Practitioner with additional training in perinatal mental health and psychotropic medications. I am an advocate of psychopharmacology as well as behavioral therapy, and I believe strongly in the wellness approach when it comes to treating mental health conditions.
I am a board-certified Women's Health Nurse Practitioner with additional training in perinatal mental health and psychotropic medications. I am an advocate of psychopharmacology as well as behavioral therapy, and I believe strongly in the wellness approach when it comes to treating mental health conditions.
(864) 642-1626 View (864) 642-1626
Upstate ADHD Center, LLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29303
At Upstate ADHD Center, LLC, we’re committed to providing you with the most exceptional care in a compassionate and friendly atmosphere. We have the philosophy that our patients come first, insurance issues have no place in our practice; that's why we do not accept insurance. We provide comprehensive and excellent care.
At Upstate ADHD Center, LLC, we’re committed to providing you with the most exceptional care in a compassionate and friendly atmosphere. We have the philosophy that our patients come first, insurance issues have no place in our practice; that's why we do not accept insurance. We provide comprehensive and excellent care.
(864) 432-5660 View (864) 432-5660
Photo of Chrissie Marie Middleton, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Chrissie Marie Middleton
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, FNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29301  (Online Only)
Thank you for visting my page. I am Dr. Chrissie Middleton, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. I have been in healthcare for the last thirty years and I have practiced as a family medicine provider for the last 15 years. Within my role as a family healthcare practitioner, I have cared for many clients with anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder.
Thank you for visting my page. I am Dr. Chrissie Middleton, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. I have been in healthcare for the last thirty years and I have practiced as a family medicine provider for the last 15 years. Within my role as a family healthcare practitioner, I have cared for many clients with anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder.
(864) 375-6604 View (864) 375-6604
Photo of Dannah Michele Moore, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Dannah Michele Moore
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Each of us are unique beings worthy of love, belonging, purpose, self-acceptance, happiness, and peace. Attainment of these beliefs and practices may come as a challenge for those struggling with their mental health. My passion is to walk alongside children, teens, and their families and work to eliminate barriers which limit their potential for joy, success, and personal growth. I believe in a holistic approach, using medications, as well as recommendations for supplements, diet, exercise, and lifestyle. Conditions I treat include, but are not limited to ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD/trauma, and behaviors related to autism.
Each of us are unique beings worthy of love, belonging, purpose, self-acceptance, happiness, and peace. Attainment of these beliefs and practices may come as a challenge for those struggling with their mental health. My passion is to walk alongside children, teens, and their families and work to eliminate barriers which limit their potential for joy, success, and personal growth. I believe in a holistic approach, using medications, as well as recommendations for supplements, diet, exercise, and lifestyle. Conditions I treat include, but are not limited to ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD/trauma, and behaviors related to autism.
(864) 351-6691 View (864) 351-6691
Photo of Patricia Banke, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Patricia Banke
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, DSL, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29301  (Online Only)
I am an Adult ADHD specialist. I understand the negative impact it has on a clients' life when left untreated. Many times adults with ADHD go most of their lives not recognizing their need for treatment because they have managed to move through life and get by. At some point, they realize certain things are harder for them than they seem to be for others. My clients come to me after they have begun to recognize they could use help. I look forward each day to working with my clients to maximize their abilities and engage life in a way that allows them to optimize their potential.
I am an Adult ADHD specialist. I understand the negative impact it has on a clients' life when left untreated. Many times adults with ADHD go most of their lives not recognizing their need for treatment because they have managed to move through life and get by. At some point, they realize certain things are harder for them than they seem to be for others. My clients come to me after they have begun to recognize they could use help. I look forward each day to working with my clients to maximize their abilities and engage life in a way that allows them to optimize their potential.
(864) 740-3908 View (864) 740-3908
Photo of Kiana Huston-McNair, Physician Assistant in Spartanburg, SC
Kiana Huston-McNair
Physician Assistant, PA-C, MMS
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29301
Shortly after completing my undergraduate education, I recognized the need for more mental health providers and how addressing a patient’s mental health can impact and improve their overall health. Now a board-certified practitioner, I specialize in medication management while also addressing ways to improve environmental, social, and physical wellness. My training has given me experience in various specialties which allows me to develop a comprehensive assessment. Areas of interest include anxiety, depression, ADHD, bipolar disorder, and postpartum depression.
Shortly after completing my undergraduate education, I recognized the need for more mental health providers and how addressing a patient’s mental health can impact and improve their overall health. Now a board-certified practitioner, I specialize in medication management while also addressing ways to improve environmental, social, and physical wellness. My training has given me experience in various specialties which allows me to develop a comprehensive assessment. Areas of interest include anxiety, depression, ADHD, bipolar disorder, and postpartum depression.
(864) 713-9659 View (864) 713-9659
Photo of Marina Osborn, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Marina Osborn
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP-BC, MSN, APRN
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29301
I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, ADHD, and OCD, insomnia, and mood instability. I use a holistic patient-centered approach in my treatment plans utilizing both pharmacologic therapies along with supplements to improve mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing to achieve total wellness. My treatment approach is individualized to the patient and their personal goals.
I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, ADHD, and OCD, insomnia, and mood instability. I use a holistic patient-centered approach in my treatment plans utilizing both pharmacologic therapies along with supplements to improve mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing to achieve total wellness. My treatment approach is individualized to the patient and their personal goals.
(864) 734-4736 View (864) 734-4736
Photo of Sarah McNight, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Sarah McNight
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, FNP-C, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29301
Ms. McNight began her career in mental health in 2011, working with crisis intervention and stabilization of patients with complex psychiatric needs in an inpatient psychiatric setting for 6 years. She is dual board-certified as both a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) and a Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP-C). She completed a Master’s degree in Nursing from Clemson University in 2017 and holds a post-graduate degree in Advanced Practice Registered Nurse from Wilkes University. Prior to joining Sherbondy’s Psychiatric Solutions in 2020, Ms. McNight worked as a Nurse Practitioner in diverse specialty settings.
Ms. McNight began her career in mental health in 2011, working with crisis intervention and stabilization of patients with complex psychiatric needs in an inpatient psychiatric setting for 6 years. She is dual board-certified as both a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC) and a Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP-C). She completed a Master’s degree in Nursing from Clemson University in 2017 and holds a post-graduate degree in Advanced Practice Registered Nurse from Wilkes University. Prior to joining Sherbondy’s Psychiatric Solutions in 2020, Ms. McNight worked as a Nurse Practitioner in diverse specialty settings.
(864) 523-6776 View (864) 523-6776

Online Psychiatrists

Photo of Treasure Vaughn, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Spartanburg, SC
Treasure Vaughn
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Rock Hill, SC 29732
Treasure Vaughn is a Nurse Practitioner in South Carolina who has been practicing since 2021. She graduated with her Master's of Science from Ohio University with a focus in Psychiatric Mental health Nursing. Treasure has more than 15 years of experience in mental health. She is enthusiastic about her career and helping others. She has a lot of passion for mental health and human behaviors. Outside of work, Treasure loves spending time with her family and friends, trying new recipes, traveling, and photography.
Treasure Vaughn is a Nurse Practitioner in South Carolina who has been practicing since 2021. She graduated with her Master's of Science from Ohio University with a focus in Psychiatric Mental health Nursing. Treasure has more than 15 years of experience in mental health. She is enthusiastic about her career and helping others. She has a lot of passion for mental health and human behaviors. Outside of work, Treasure loves spending time with her family and friends, trying new recipes, traveling, and photography.
(803) 770-5102 View (803) 770-5102

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How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Spartanburg, SC

10+

Average cost per session

$129

Psychiatrists in Spartanburg, SC who prioritize treating:

89% Depression
89% Anxiety
89% ADHD
79% Bipolar Disorder
79% Medication Management
68% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
68% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

93% BlueCross and BlueShield
93% Cigna and Evernorth
73% TRICARE

How Psychiatrists in Spartanburg, SC see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Spartanburg?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.