Psychiatrists in Whitehall, PA

There are no results for psychiatrists in Whitehall

Check out psychiatrists located nearby or offering teletherapy in Pennsylvania below.

More Psychiatrists Nearby

Photo of Karen Bendak, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Karen Bendak
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Allentown, PA 18103  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Karen Bendak and I am a Board-Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I received my Diploma in Nursing at Aria Health School of Nursing. This extensive three-year program provided me with comprehensive clinical knowledge. I then received my bachelor’s degree in nursing at Pennsylvania State University. After several years serving the mental health population I obtained my master's degree as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner at Wilkes University. I provide psychiatric evaluations, supportive therapy and medication management within a safe space to foster a trusting therapeutic relationship.
Hello! My name is Karen Bendak and I am a Board-Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I received my Diploma in Nursing at Aria Health School of Nursing. This extensive three-year program provided me with comprehensive clinical knowledge. I then received my bachelor’s degree in nursing at Pennsylvania State University. After several years serving the mental health population I obtained my master's degree as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner at Wilkes University. I provide psychiatric evaluations, supportive therapy and medication management within a safe space to foster a trusting therapeutic relationship.
(267) 297-3702 View (267) 297-3702
Photo of Dr. Chenhang Zou, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Dr. Chenhang Zou
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Dr. Zou is welcoming new patients seeking specialized treatment for anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, bipolar disorder, and other psychiatric concerns. As a holistic psychiatrist, Dr. Zou draws from a wide-ranging toolbox of treatment options - including psychotherapy, psycho-education and lifestyle adaptations in addition to medication where appropriate. Consequently, patients benefit from a well-integrated approach to care that is both systematic and thorough.
Dr. Zou is welcoming new patients seeking specialized treatment for anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, bipolar disorder, and other psychiatric concerns. As a holistic psychiatrist, Dr. Zou draws from a wide-ranging toolbox of treatment options - including psychotherapy, psycho-education and lifestyle adaptations in addition to medication where appropriate. Consequently, patients benefit from a well-integrated approach to care that is both systematic and thorough.
View
Photo of Susmita Hazarika, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Susmita Hazarika
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101
Dr. Susmita Hazarika is a board eligible psychiatrist, who completed her psychiatry residency at Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, North Carolina. She was a board-certified psychiatrist practicing in India after completing her medical school at Gauhati medical college, followed by a psychiatry residency at Silchar Medical College. She moved to the US after her marriage and continued to pursue her career in psychiatry here. She has expertise in treating patients with various psychopathologies which include mood disorders, anxiety disorders, ADHD and behavioral issues associated with other medical conditions.
Dr. Susmita Hazarika is a board eligible psychiatrist, who completed her psychiatry residency at Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, North Carolina. She was a board-certified psychiatrist practicing in India after completing her medical school at Gauhati medical college, followed by a psychiatry residency at Silchar Medical College. She moved to the US after her marriage and continued to pursue her career in psychiatry here. She has expertise in treating patients with various psychopathologies which include mood disorders, anxiety disorders, ADHD and behavioral issues associated with other medical conditions.
(215) 608-5980 View (215) 608-5980
Photo of Sheila Jourdain, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Sheila Jourdain
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CRNP, PMHNP, BC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Allentown, PA 18106  (Online Only)
**ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS ** I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
**ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS ** I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
(610) 215-2536 View (610) 215-2536
Photo of Ruosi Liu, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Ruosi Liu
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18102  (Online Only)
Dr. Liu is board certified in Adult Psychiatry. She primarily focuses on medication management but integrates therapeutic support into her sessions. For more in depth therapy needs, Dr. Liu encourages patients to have their own individual therapist.
Dr. Liu is board certified in Adult Psychiatry. She primarily focuses on medication management but integrates therapeutic support into her sessions. For more in depth therapy needs, Dr. Liu encourages patients to have their own individual therapist.
(215) 618-3349 View (215) 618-3349
Photo of Bethlehem Counseling Associates , Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Bethlehem Counseling Associates
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, CRNP, PMHNP
Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017
Andrea’s philosophy in prescribing medication for a client is “only when warranted”- and in conjunction with psychotherapy to help identify triggers to their anxiety and depression, maneuvering life’s stressors, as well as establishing healthier coping techniques. Andrea focused on treating individuals ages 10 and older in making positive changes to better their lives.
Andrea’s philosophy in prescribing medication for a client is “only when warranted”- and in conjunction with psychotherapy to help identify triggers to their anxiety and depression, maneuvering life’s stressors, as well as establishing healthier coping techniques. Andrea focused on treating individuals ages 10 and older in making positive changes to better their lives.
(484) 559-5917 x1 View (484) 559-5917 x1
Photo of Sheila Jourdain, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Sheila Jourdain
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CRNP, PMHNP, BC
Verified
Allentown, PA 18106  (Online Only)
Accepting New Patients! I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
Accepting New Patients! I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
(610) 995-6204 View (610) 995-6204
Photo of Christine Arezzi, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Christine Arezzi
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Center Valley, PA 18034
Christine Arezzi is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Pennsylvania who has been practicing since 2022. She has a Bachelor of Science in Psychology, a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a Master's of Science in Nursing, and a Post-Masters Certificate in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing-Across the Lifespan. First and foremost, Christine listens to you. She provides a safe space to voice your concerns and takes the time to understand. Christine provides a holistic approach to treatment by encompassing a client's personal preferences with the knowledge of the latest evidence-based treatments for mental health.
Christine Arezzi is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Pennsylvania who has been practicing since 2022. She has a Bachelor of Science in Psychology, a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a Master's of Science in Nursing, and a Post-Masters Certificate in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing-Across the Lifespan. First and foremost, Christine listens to you. She provides a safe space to voice your concerns and takes the time to understand. Christine provides a holistic approach to treatment by encompassing a client's personal preferences with the knowledge of the latest evidence-based treatments for mental health.
(484) 255-4986 View (484) 255-4986
Photo of Renae DeFreitas, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Renae DeFreitas
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNPBC, FNP-BC
Verified
Allentown, PA 18106
Renae is an ANCC board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with an additional board-certification as a family nurse practitioner. She is a graduate of both DeSales University and Wilkes University and is passionate about providing empathetic, individualized care to her patients. Utilizing her background in both family and psychiatric health, she approaches her patients in a compassionate and holistic manner. She encourages open discussion with patients to determine their needs and goals for treatment, and she incorporates each patient in their treatment plan to assist them in achieving healthier, balanced lives.
Renae is an ANCC board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with an additional board-certification as a family nurse practitioner. She is a graduate of both DeSales University and Wilkes University and is passionate about providing empathetic, individualized care to her patients. Utilizing her background in both family and psychiatric health, she approaches her patients in a compassionate and holistic manner. She encourages open discussion with patients to determine their needs and goals for treatment, and she incorporates each patient in their treatment plan to assist them in achieving healthier, balanced lives.
(610) 600-6190 View (610) 600-6190
Photo of Mahmoud Elfatah, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Mahmoud Elfatah
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Center Valley, PA 18034
Dr. Mahmoud Elfatah is a Psychiatrist in Pennsylvania who has been practicing since 2009. Dr. Elfatah believes that helping others to better their quality of life makes him happy. It's a win-win equation! Outside of work, Dr. Elfatah enjoys philosophy and politics.
Dr. Mahmoud Elfatah is a Psychiatrist in Pennsylvania who has been practicing since 2009. Dr. Elfatah believes that helping others to better their quality of life makes him happy. It's a win-win equation! Outside of work, Dr. Elfatah enjoys philosophy and politics.
(484) 946-4293 View (484) 946-4293
Photo of Rita Shaughnessy, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Rita Shaughnessy
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101  (Online Only)
Dr. Shaughnessy is boarded in adult psychiatry and has over 30 years experience. Dr. Shaughnessy practices medication management in a supportive collaborative environment. Treatment recommendations may include psychotherapy with another professional in addition to medication management.
Dr. Shaughnessy is boarded in adult psychiatry and has over 30 years experience. Dr. Shaughnessy practices medication management in a supportive collaborative environment. Treatment recommendations may include psychotherapy with another professional in addition to medication management.
(215) 584-4615 View (215) 584-4615
Photo of Quality of Mind: Yun Mi Kim DNP, CRNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Quality of Mind: Yun Mi Kim DNP, CRNP, PMHNP
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, CRNP, PMHNP
Verified
Allentown, PA 18103  (Online Only)
Yun Mi Kim is a board-certified, doctorally prepared psychiatric NP. Graduate of UPenn and Drexel.
Yun Mi Kim is a board-certified, doctorally prepared psychiatric NP. Graduate of UPenn and Drexel.
(267) 214-4882 View (267) 214-4882
Photo of Cyndia Choi, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Cyndia Choi
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101  (Online Only)
Dr. Cyndia Choi has been board certified in psychiatry since 1991. Her specialty is medication management, however she believes that a therapeutic relationship is crucial to treatment. Dr. Choi values the privilege of getting to know each patient personally to develop a patient-centered plan of care. Follow-up appointments with Dr. Choi are 30 minutes to check on medication effects and provide supportive therapy. If she believes that you may benefit from additional therapy, Dr. Choi may recommend including a therapist to your treatment team. Dr. Choi also believes in a holistic approach toward helping you achieve a healthy life.
Dr. Cyndia Choi has been board certified in psychiatry since 1991. Her specialty is medication management, however she believes that a therapeutic relationship is crucial to treatment. Dr. Choi values the privilege of getting to know each patient personally to develop a patient-centered plan of care. Follow-up appointments with Dr. Choi are 30 minutes to check on medication effects and provide supportive therapy. If she believes that you may benefit from additional therapy, Dr. Choi may recommend including a therapist to your treatment team. Dr. Choi also believes in a holistic approach toward helping you achieve a healthy life.
(215) 273-9659 View (215) 273-9659
Photo of Michelle Zuccarini, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Michelle Zuccarini
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Center Valley, PA 18034  (Online Only)
Michelle Zuccarini is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She received her undergraduate and master's degree in nursing as well as a post-master's certification as Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner from Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA. and obtained board certification in this specialty from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). She is licensed to practice in the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Michelle was awarded a doctoral degree in Nursing Practice from Clarion-Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
Michelle Zuccarini is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She received her undergraduate and master's degree in nursing as well as a post-master's certification as Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner from Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA. and obtained board certification in this specialty from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). She is licensed to practice in the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Michelle was awarded a doctoral degree in Nursing Practice from Clarion-Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
(484) 715-8488 View (484) 715-8488
Photo of Dr. Johan Othmer, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Dr. Johan Othmer
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101  (Online Only)
Dr. Othmer is an Attending Psychiatrist at Talkiatry and is double board-certified in child and adolescent psychiatry and adult psychiatry. Before joining Talkiatry, Dr. Othmer moved to Lititz, PA in 2011, worked at Philhaven (now Wellspan Philhaven) in both the York & Mount Gretna Child & Adolescent Partial Programs (2011-2016). Followed by working at Lancaster General Hospital Outpatient; C+L, and Inpatient coverage; PA Counseling, and TeamCare Behavioral Health during the Pandemic. During this time, he developed a commitment to optimizing the patient experience and removing treatment barriers.
Dr. Othmer is an Attending Psychiatrist at Talkiatry and is double board-certified in child and adolescent psychiatry and adult psychiatry. Before joining Talkiatry, Dr. Othmer moved to Lititz, PA in 2011, worked at Philhaven (now Wellspan Philhaven) in both the York & Mount Gretna Child & Adolescent Partial Programs (2011-2016). Followed by working at Lancaster General Hospital Outpatient; C+L, and Inpatient coverage; PA Counseling, and TeamCare Behavioral Health during the Pandemic. During this time, he developed a commitment to optimizing the patient experience and removing treatment barriers.
(215) 791-8497 View (215) 791-8497
Photo of Thy Vo, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Thy Vo
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101  (Online Only)
Dr. Thy Vo is a board-certified psychiatrist who specializes in the treatment of adults, adolescents, and children. Dr. Vo approaches patients as whole human beings with the goal of providing a safe therapeutic space that will help patients understand and address their suffering as well as foster healthy emotional expression and self-awareness. Dr. Vo is collaborative with treatment needs, which may include medication and/or supportive or insight-oriented psychotherapy in 30 or 45-minute follow-up visits.
Dr. Thy Vo is a board-certified psychiatrist who specializes in the treatment of adults, adolescents, and children. Dr. Vo approaches patients as whole human beings with the goal of providing a safe therapeutic space that will help patients understand and address their suffering as well as foster healthy emotional expression and self-awareness. Dr. Vo is collaborative with treatment needs, which may include medication and/or supportive or insight-oriented psychotherapy in 30 or 45-minute follow-up visits.
(215) 515-0252 View (215) 515-0252
Photo of Sophia Monsour, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Sophia Monsour
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified
Allentown, PA 18101  (Online Only)
Dr. Sophia Monsour holds the position of Chief Psychiatrist for Pennsylvania at Talkiatry. After completing residency in 2013 at Albany Medical Center, she has spent the past 9 years fulfilling her passion for integrated and specialty care for adults suffering from mental illness. Her years of experience has included working as an integrated care Psychiatrist at a community health center, a medical director of a Partial Hospital and Intensive Outpatient Program (PHP/IOP), and also working for an Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACT) specializing in the Serious Mentally Ill (SMI) population.
Dr. Sophia Monsour holds the position of Chief Psychiatrist for Pennsylvania at Talkiatry. After completing residency in 2013 at Albany Medical Center, she has spent the past 9 years fulfilling her passion for integrated and specialty care for adults suffering from mental illness. Her years of experience has included working as an integrated care Psychiatrist at a community health center, a medical director of a Partial Hospital and Intensive Outpatient Program (PHP/IOP), and also working for an Assertive Community Treatment Team (ACT) specializing in the Serious Mentally Ill (SMI) population.
(215) 309-9517 View (215) 309-9517
Photo of Sheila Jourdain, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Sheila Jourdain
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CRNP, PMHNP, BC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Allentown, PA 18106  (Online Only)
**ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS ** I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
**ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS ** I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who provides a holistic approach in the treatment of mental challenges and conditions. I specialize in the treatment of adults in providing motivational talk psychotherapy, medication management, consulting, and alternative treatments when applicable. I develop comprehensive and thorough treatment plans. I am eager and excited to assist patients in achieving their individual goals for their mental health. I like to work alongside my patients as a guide to help them decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
(610) 890-9649 View (610) 890-9649
Photo of Tim Kelly, Psychiatrist in Whitehall, PA
Tim Kelly
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Allentown, PA 18102  (Online Only)
Dr. Tim Kelly specializes in adult psychiatry. His practice focuses primarily on medication management but often incorporates aspects of supportive, psychodynamic, and cognitive behavioral therapies into his 30-minute follow-up visits. Dr. Kelly also strongly believes in working in conjunction with therapists for the best possible outcomes for his patients. He feels it is important to create strong therapeutic relationships with his patients in order to help patients achieve their treatment goals.
Dr. Tim Kelly specializes in adult psychiatry. His practice focuses primarily on medication management but often incorporates aspects of supportive, psychodynamic, and cognitive behavioral therapies into his 30-minute follow-up visits. Dr. Kelly also strongly believes in working in conjunction with therapists for the best possible outcomes for his patients. He feels it is important to create strong therapeutic relationships with his patients in order to help patients achieve their treatment goals.
(215) 918-7707 View (215) 918-7707
Photo of Saundra Hyman, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Whitehall, PA
Saundra Hyman
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, CRNP, MSN/MEd, APRN, PMHNP
Verified
Allentown, PA 18104
I am a Doctorate prepared Board Certified Nurse Practitioner. I saw a need for better mental health services. I attended University of Cincinnati and became a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. My goal is to strengthen and improve the lives of our clients by delivering exceptional mental health care tailored to meet their needs, and to educate our community about mental health and mental illness while working to eliminate stigma, labels and prejudice. I am dedicated to helping individuals lead mentally healthy lives. I believe that to achieve optimal health we must make a commitment to care for mind, body, and spirit.
I am a Doctorate prepared Board Certified Nurse Practitioner. I saw a need for better mental health services. I attended University of Cincinnati and became a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. My goal is to strengthen and improve the lives of our clients by delivering exceptional mental health care tailored to meet their needs, and to educate our community about mental health and mental illness while working to eliminate stigma, labels and prejudice. I am dedicated to helping individuals lead mentally healthy lives. I believe that to achieve optimal health we must make a commitment to care for mind, body, and spirit.
(215) 544-2391 x2 View (215) 544-2391 x2

See more therapy options for Whitehall

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Whitehall, PA

< 10

Psychiatrists in Whitehall, PA who prioritize treating:

How Psychiatrists in Whitehall, PA see their clients

2% Online Only
1% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Whitehall?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.