Psychiatrists in Penn Valley, PA

Photo of William (Bill) Sonis, MD, Psychiatrist
William (Bill) Sonis
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Penn Valley, PA 19072
Growing up with undiagnosed ADHD and several different learning disabilities made me a sensitive, empathic, and understanding child and adolescent psychiatrist. In grade school, I couldn’t sit still or be quiet; in college and medical school, I needed extra time to complete my assignments. I needed more time in residency than my colleagues to write my notes. Treating ADHD involves more than just medication; it’s a lifetime process about what you need to do differently than others to achieve your goals. I’ve lived that life. My “insider” knowledge facilitates rapport, a core indicator of successful treatment.
Growing up with undiagnosed ADHD and several different learning disabilities made me a sensitive, empathic, and understanding child and adolescent psychiatrist. In grade school, I couldn’t sit still or be quiet; in college and medical school, I needed extra time to complete my assignments. I needed more time in residency than my colleagues to write my notes. Treating ADHD involves more than just medication; it’s a lifetime process about what you need to do differently than others to achieve your goals. I’ve lived that life. My “insider” knowledge facilitates rapport, a core indicator of successful treatment.
(484) 246-7674 View (484) 246-7674
Photo of Heather Bisca, MSN, RN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Heather Bisca
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, RN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Penn Valley, PA 19072
Heather uses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and emphasizes the importance of collaboration with other healthcare providers. She is known for her compassionate care, always advocating for and listening to her patients with respect and empathy. Her approach integrates her personal values of kindness, acceptance, and understanding.
Heather uses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and emphasizes the importance of collaboration with other healthcare providers. She is known for her compassionate care, always advocating for and listening to her patients with respect and empathy. Her approach integrates her personal values of kindness, acceptance, and understanding.
(484) 383-5007 View (484) 383-5007
Photo of Dara Abraham, DO, Psychiatrist
Dara Abraham
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified Verified
Penn Valley, PA 19072  (Online Only)
Have you ever wondered why it takes you longer to complete tasks than others, why you constantly misplace your phone and keys, or why you cannot wind down and relax when you have free time? These are just a few adult ADHD symptoms that are not always recognized and, unfortunately, mislabeled as carelessness and laziness or misdiagnosed as anxiety. ADHD is a highly hereditary disorder that starts at birth and usually continues into adulthood. It is often co-morbid with many other psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mood disorders, eating disorders, and substance use disorders.
Have you ever wondered why it takes you longer to complete tasks than others, why you constantly misplace your phone and keys, or why you cannot wind down and relax when you have free time? These are just a few adult ADHD symptoms that are not always recognized and, unfortunately, mislabeled as carelessness and laziness or misdiagnosed as anxiety. ADHD is a highly hereditary disorder that starts at birth and usually continues into adulthood. It is often co-morbid with many other psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mood disorders, eating disorders, and substance use disorders.
(215) 607-2947 View (215) 607-2947

More Psychiatrists Nearby

Photo of Sarah J Braun, MD, Psychiatrist
Sarah J Braun
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Narberth, PA 19072
As a psychotherapist, I help people recover and grow, guided by each individual's psyche. I draw on the broad and deep resources of depth psychologies, the body-based, scientific wisdom of medicine and psychiatry, and the many artforms that humans instinctively have created for millennia. My practice includes adults, couples, children, adolescents and college students-people who come because they suffer from anxiety, depression, trauma, loss, relationship problems, medical illness, parenting challenges, crises in mid-life, and creative and professional blocks. Many come with curiosity about new directions that their lives could take.
As a psychotherapist, I help people recover and grow, guided by each individual's psyche. I draw on the broad and deep resources of depth psychologies, the body-based, scientific wisdom of medicine and psychiatry, and the many artforms that humans instinctively have created for millennia. My practice includes adults, couples, children, adolescents and college students-people who come because they suffer from anxiety, depression, trauma, loss, relationship problems, medical illness, parenting challenges, crises in mid-life, and creative and professional blocks. Many come with curiosity about new directions that their lives could take.
(610) 850-9777 View (610) 850-9777
Photo of Michelle McCarthy, APN, MSN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse
Michelle McCarthy
Psychiatric Nurse, APN, MSN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Haverford, PA 19041
Michelle is passionate about delivering care to individuals suffering from anxiety, substance use, and depression. Client motivation and dedication are key to utilizing the tools provided during our sessions including medication management, implementing lifestyle interventions, and therapy to help develop and implement a successful treatment plan. Relief of the client's suffering in dealing with their mental health issues and striving for an improvement in their quality of life is key to treatment.
Michelle is passionate about delivering care to individuals suffering from anxiety, substance use, and depression. Client motivation and dedication are key to utilizing the tools provided during our sessions including medication management, implementing lifestyle interventions, and therapy to help develop and implement a successful treatment plan. Relief of the client's suffering in dealing with their mental health issues and striving for an improvement in their quality of life is key to treatment.
(484) 662-4040 View (484) 662-4040
Photo of David M. Lee, MD, Psychiatrist
David M. Lee
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Gladwyne, PA 19035
Do you feel worried, stressed, or stuck by a particular issue or in general? Have you noticed a pattern of experiences in life that you'd like help with? Does it affect your work or relationships? Have you had other treatments that have left you feeling that some underlying issue has not been fully addressed? Empathic and kind listening & exploration, alongside personal experience & growth may be necessary. My patients tend to be intelligent & sensitive, but come in struggling or unhappy in their lives. They have become aware of the same issues presenting over & over again.
Do you feel worried, stressed, or stuck by a particular issue or in general? Have you noticed a pattern of experiences in life that you'd like help with? Does it affect your work or relationships? Have you had other treatments that have left you feeling that some underlying issue has not been fully addressed? Empathic and kind listening & exploration, alongside personal experience & growth may be necessary. My patients tend to be intelligent & sensitive, but come in struggling or unhappy in their lives. They have become aware of the same issues presenting over & over again.
(267) 702-0447 View (267) 702-0447
Photo of Albert Han Yu, MD, Psychiatrist
Albert Han Yu
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004  (Online Only)
Uncertainty, upheaval, illness, and traumas can take many forms throughout a person's life, leading to depression, anxiety, unhappiness, and conflict in relationships. My practice aims to address your unique circumstances, to collaborate with you to achieve sustainable and meaningful life changes, and to cultivate a deeper understanding of your personal narrative. I offer comprehensive and individualized treatment for a range of concerns through psychiatric medication management and/or psychotherapy.
Uncertainty, upheaval, illness, and traumas can take many forms throughout a person's life, leading to depression, anxiety, unhappiness, and conflict in relationships. My practice aims to address your unique circumstances, to collaborate with you to achieve sustainable and meaningful life changes, and to cultivate a deeper understanding of your personal narrative. I offer comprehensive and individualized treatment for a range of concerns through psychiatric medication management and/or psychotherapy.
(215) 703-9137 View (215) 703-9137
Photo of Joyce Yablunksy, CRNP, MSN, RN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Joyce Yablunksy
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CRNP, MSN, RN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ardmore, PA 19003
Welcome! I am glad you found my profile and are looking to feel better (whether it's with me or someone else). I help people, just like you, find the right medication. Whether it's for ADHD, Depression, Anxiety, Personality Disorders, or Addiction, I want to find the best thing for you and your lifestyle. I am incredibly passionate about working for my clients, just like you, to provide them with the best possible outcomes so they can start feeling better fast. I focus my treatment around providing empathy, and individualized patient-centered care/support with a holistic approach.
Welcome! I am glad you found my profile and are looking to feel better (whether it's with me or someone else). I help people, just like you, find the right medication. Whether it's for ADHD, Depression, Anxiety, Personality Disorders, or Addiction, I want to find the best thing for you and your lifestyle. I am incredibly passionate about working for my clients, just like you, to provide them with the best possible outcomes so they can start feeling better fast. I focus my treatment around providing empathy, and individualized patient-centered care/support with a holistic approach.
(267) 454-1811 View (267) 454-1811
Photo of Danielle Giuliano, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Danielle Giuliano
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Gladwyne, PA 19035
Everyone’s journey with mental health is not the same, so it’s important to have a personalized treatment plan, to fit each individual’s need. Often times, patients I work with have only ever been offered medication as the solution to their symptoms. I recognize the value in medication management, while also being an advocate for alternate therapies, such as TMS and esketamine. I believe it is important to establish an honest and trustworthy relationship, to ensure optimal quality care, through effective and safe approaches to care.
Everyone’s journey with mental health is not the same, so it’s important to have a personalized treatment plan, to fit each individual’s need. Often times, patients I work with have only ever been offered medication as the solution to their symptoms. I recognize the value in medication management, while also being an advocate for alternate therapies, such as TMS and esketamine. I believe it is important to establish an honest and trustworthy relationship, to ensure optimal quality care, through effective and safe approaches to care.
(215) 767-2777 View (215) 767-2777
Photo of Nichelle Jones, DNP , PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Nichelle Jones
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP , PMHNP
Verified Verified
Haverford, PA 19041
My ideal client is dealing with a mental concern that is causing them distress that they are seeking relief from. They are looking for someone who will listen to their concerns and work with them to develop an individualized treatment plan that aligns with their unique goals. They seek a safe, nonjudgmental environment with a trustworthy provider to deliver quality care. Hi, my name is Nichelle and I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I have over 10 years of clinical experience in treating psychiatric disorders and specialize in treating major depression, anxiety disorder, mood disorders, PTSD & ADHD.
My ideal client is dealing with a mental concern that is causing them distress that they are seeking relief from. They are looking for someone who will listen to their concerns and work with them to develop an individualized treatment plan that aligns with their unique goals. They seek a safe, nonjudgmental environment with a trustworthy provider to deliver quality care. Hi, my name is Nichelle and I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I have over 10 years of clinical experience in treating psychiatric disorders and specialize in treating major depression, anxiety disorder, mood disorders, PTSD & ADHD.
(484) 642-9442 View (484) 642-9442
Photo of Sosunmolu O Shoyinka, MD, MBA, DFAPA, Psychiatrist
Sosunmolu O Shoyinka
Psychiatrist, MD, MBA, DFAPA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Haverford, PA 19041
Hello. I am Dr Sosunmolu Shoyinka. If you are on this page, you or a family member are most likely struggling with a mental health issue. I work with adults and adolescents who are struggling with anxiety, depression, Bipolar disorder, and mental health issues related to a medical condition. In my daily work with patients, my top priority is that they feel heard, understood and supported. Together as a team in each session, we will establish a plan till we meet again the following month. I believe collaboration is key and that "it takes a village". So with consent, I am happy to speak with other clinicians involved in your care.
Hello. I am Dr Sosunmolu Shoyinka. If you are on this page, you or a family member are most likely struggling with a mental health issue. I work with adults and adolescents who are struggling with anxiety, depression, Bipolar disorder, and mental health issues related to a medical condition. In my daily work with patients, my top priority is that they feel heard, understood and supported. Together as a team in each session, we will establish a plan till we meet again the following month. I believe collaboration is key and that "it takes a village". So with consent, I am happy to speak with other clinicians involved in your care.
(267) 762-1692 View (267) 762-1692
Photo of Becky Wu, MD, Psychiatrist
Becky Wu
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Narberth, PA 19072
I am a board-certified psychiatrist dedicated to providing compassionate and evidence-based care. I offer comprehensive mental health care, including psychotherapy and medication treatment, based on your individual needs.
I am a board-certified psychiatrist dedicated to providing compassionate and evidence-based care. I offer comprehensive mental health care, including psychotherapy and medication treatment, based on your individual needs.
(267) 490-3876 View (267) 490-3876
Photo of Irene Franck - Synergy Therapy PLLC, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Synergy Therapy PLLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Ardmore, PA 19003  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Irene Franck, I am an integrative nurse practitioner and the owner of Synergy Therapy. As an integrative provider, I not only offer medication management and psychotherapy, but I treat patients in a holistic manner, whether with lifestyle changes, nutrition coaching, supplements, and mindfulness techniques. I treat people who are dealing with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and ADHD. Medications are not the only solution to address your symptoms. I will listen to you, and I will make you seen and heard. I offer a 15 minutes complimentary call to see if we are a good fit.
Hi, my name is Irene Franck, I am an integrative nurse practitioner and the owner of Synergy Therapy. As an integrative provider, I not only offer medication management and psychotherapy, but I treat patients in a holistic manner, whether with lifestyle changes, nutrition coaching, supplements, and mindfulness techniques. I treat people who are dealing with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and ADHD. Medications are not the only solution to address your symptoms. I will listen to you, and I will make you seen and heard. I offer a 15 minutes complimentary call to see if we are a good fit.
(610) 546-7019 View (610) 546-7019
Photo of Katelin Crane, MSN, CRNP, PMHNP-B, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Katelin Crane
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, CRNP, PMHNP-B
Verified Verified
11 Endorsed
Ardmore, PA 19003
I am dedicated to being the supportive relationship that you need to gain mastery of your mental health as you navigate life’s ups and downs. No matter what you are facing, whether it be depression, anxiety, trauma, mood swings, sleep troubles, substance use, or something else, I am here to help. Deciding to get help can be intimidating, but I am committed to helping you feel safe to share your thoughts and feelings, building confidence within vulnerability, and I will be there every step of the way.
I am dedicated to being the supportive relationship that you need to gain mastery of your mental health as you navigate life’s ups and downs. No matter what you are facing, whether it be depression, anxiety, trauma, mood swings, sleep troubles, substance use, or something else, I am here to help. Deciding to get help can be intimidating, but I am committed to helping you feel safe to share your thoughts and feelings, building confidence within vulnerability, and I will be there every step of the way.
(484) 263-5287 View (484) 263-5287
Photo of Leorah M Walsh, MD, Psychiatrist
Leorah M Walsh
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Narberth, PA 19072
I am a board-certified Child, Adolescent, and Adult Psychiatrist. I specialize in the treatment of Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, and Autism in children and adults. I have additional experience treating individuals with Developmental Disabilities, Bipolar Disorder, PTSD, medical causes of psychiatric illness, and co-occurring medical and psychiatric conditions. I regularly treat student-athletes, and gifted students and have helped many people transition through many stages and positions in life. I also have experience helping people in the LGBTQ+ community.
I am a board-certified Child, Adolescent, and Adult Psychiatrist. I specialize in the treatment of Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, and Autism in children and adults. I have additional experience treating individuals with Developmental Disabilities, Bipolar Disorder, PTSD, medical causes of psychiatric illness, and co-occurring medical and psychiatric conditions. I regularly treat student-athletes, and gifted students and have helped many people transition through many stages and positions in life. I also have experience helping people in the LGBTQ+ community.
(267) 609-8496 View (267) 609-8496
Photo of Pooja Shah - Pooja Shah MD, MD, Psychiatrist
Pooja Shah MD
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004
Hi, I am Dr. Pooja Shah, a board-certified child psychiatrist and adult psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Autism. If you have worked with a psychiatrist before or are new to seeking mental health care, Welcome! We will start with an initial 90-minute appointment where we go over your symptoms and formulate an evidence-based treatment plan including talk therapy and if appropriate, use of medications where indicated. We can also discuss non-medication alternatives if you prefer a holistic approach. I look forward to partnering with you to help you be the best version of you!
Hi, I am Dr. Pooja Shah, a board-certified child psychiatrist and adult psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Autism. If you have worked with a psychiatrist before or are new to seeking mental health care, Welcome! We will start with an initial 90-minute appointment where we go over your symptoms and formulate an evidence-based treatment plan including talk therapy and if appropriate, use of medications where indicated. We can also discuss non-medication alternatives if you prefer a holistic approach. I look forward to partnering with you to help you be the best version of you!
(856) 474-3610 View (856) 474-3610
Photo of Nichelle Jones, DNP, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Nichelle Jones
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Haverford, PA 19041
My ideal client is dealing with a mental concern that is causing them distress that they are seeking relief from. They are looking for someone who will listen to their concerns and work with them to develop an individualized treatment plan that aligns with their unique goals. They seek a safe, nonjudgmental environment with a trustworthy provider to deliver quality care. Hi, my name is Nichelle and I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I have over 10 years of clinical experience in treating psychiatric disorders and specialize in treating major depression, anxiety disorder, mood disorders, PTSD & ADHD.
My ideal client is dealing with a mental concern that is causing them distress that they are seeking relief from. They are looking for someone who will listen to their concerns and work with them to develop an individualized treatment plan that aligns with their unique goals. They seek a safe, nonjudgmental environment with a trustworthy provider to deliver quality care. Hi, my name is Nichelle and I'm a Board Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. I have over 10 years of clinical experience in treating psychiatric disorders and specialize in treating major depression, anxiety disorder, mood disorders, PTSD & ADHD.
(484) 739-8136 View (484) 739-8136
Photo of Claudia Baldassano - Main Line Institute, MD, Psychiatrist
Main Line Institute
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Wynnewood, PA 19096
Our team of Harvard-trained psychiatrists bring over 25 years of experience specializing in evidence-based psychiatry. We provide personalized and compassionate care through innovative treatments, including medication management and meticulously selected psychotherapy. Academically affiliated,  we stay current with up to date and innovative treatments and continue to present at academic meetings. We believe in a collaborative approach, working closely with you to develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. Our approach is that it is important to spend time making a diagnosis before recommending treatment.
Our team of Harvard-trained psychiatrists bring over 25 years of experience specializing in evidence-based psychiatry. We provide personalized and compassionate care through innovative treatments, including medication management and meticulously selected psychotherapy. Academically affiliated,  we stay current with up to date and innovative treatments and continue to present at academic meetings. We believe in a collaborative approach, working closely with you to develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. Our approach is that it is important to spend time making a diagnosis before recommending treatment.
(484) 917-5791 View (484) 917-5791
Photo of Sheila Jourdain, CRNP, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sheila Jourdain
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CRNP, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
Merion Station, PA 19066  (Online Only)
Offering NEW in-office non-medication treatment for depression called "TMS" Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Offering NEW “Virtual ADHD Assessments for All of Pennsylvania". I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I specialize in the treatment of adults with Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, ADHD, Pre-pregnancy and Postpartum issues, Female Sexual Issues, Depression, Medication Management including discontinuation of current medication. I provide motivational talk psychotherapy and I am excited to assist patients decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
Offering NEW in-office non-medication treatment for depression called "TMS" Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Offering NEW “Virtual ADHD Assessments for All of Pennsylvania". I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I specialize in the treatment of adults with Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, ADHD, Pre-pregnancy and Postpartum issues, Female Sexual Issues, Depression, Medication Management including discontinuation of current medication. I provide motivational talk psychotherapy and I am excited to assist patients decide the best treatment options for their diagnosis.
(484) 370-4655 View (484) 370-4655
Photo of Daniel Bigman, MD, MHS, PA-C, Psychiatrist
Daniel Bigman
Psychiatrist, MD, MHS, PA-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gladwyne, PA 19035
After medical school, internship, and residency training in Psychiatry, completed additional fellowship training in Child & Adolescent Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine. Practice focus on neurodevelopment, neuropsychiatry, complex sleep, and consultation for diagnostic clarification.
After medical school, internship, and residency training in Psychiatry, completed additional fellowship training in Child & Adolescent Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine. Practice focus on neurodevelopment, neuropsychiatry, complex sleep, and consultation for diagnostic clarification.
(215) 608-1525 View (215) 608-1525

See more therapy options for Penn Valley

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Penn Valley, PA

< 10

Psychiatrists in Penn Valley, PA who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% ADHD
100% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
100% Medication Management
67% Depression
67% Child
67% Other

Average years in practice

31 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% AmeriHealth
100% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Psychiatrists in Penn Valley, PA see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Penn Valley?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.