Psychiatrists in Oklahoma City, OK

Photo of Annie Cloud, Physician Assistant in Oklahoma City, OK
Annie Cloud
Physician Assistant, PA-C
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
Annie Cloud PA-C, graduated with a Master of Physician Assistant Studies from Oklahoma City University in 2018. Prior to PA school, she received a Bachelor of Nutritional Sciences from the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center in 2011. Before joining LifeStance Health, she worked as a PA in the Emergency Room and Urgent Care. Her main goal is helping her patients feel their best mentally, physically, and emotionally. In her free time, Annie enjoys spending time with her friends and family, traveling, running, and fostering dogs through a local rescue.
Annie Cloud PA-C, graduated with a Master of Physician Assistant Studies from Oklahoma City University in 2018. Prior to PA school, she received a Bachelor of Nutritional Sciences from the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center in 2011. Before joining LifeStance Health, she worked as a PA in the Emergency Room and Urgent Care. Her main goal is helping her patients feel their best mentally, physically, and emotionally. In her free time, Annie enjoys spending time with her friends and family, traveling, running, and fostering dogs through a local rescue.
(405) 925-0874 View (405) 925-0874
Photo of Advanced Practice Mental Health, LLC , Psychiatrist in Oklahoma City, OK
Advanced Practice Mental Health, LLC
Psychiatrist, PA-C , CAQ psy, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73106
Hello, I'm Laurie Ray, a Board Certified PA-C with a Certificate of Advanced Qualification in psychiatry and a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) working with a board certified psychiatrist to provide quality care to patients. My recent work includes inpatient/outpatient services for those suffering from PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Addiction, Bipolar Disorder, Insomnia, Sexual Dysfunction and OCD. Caring for Veterans, couples and individuals, I have learned to personalize patient care. My promise is to provide an open, safe and non-judgemental environment in which we can work together to achieve your optimal mental health.
Hello, I'm Laurie Ray, a Board Certified PA-C with a Certificate of Advanced Qualification in psychiatry and a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) working with a board certified psychiatrist to provide quality care to patients. My recent work includes inpatient/outpatient services for those suffering from PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Addiction, Bipolar Disorder, Insomnia, Sexual Dysfunction and OCD. Caring for Veterans, couples and individuals, I have learned to personalize patient care. My promise is to provide an open, safe and non-judgemental environment in which we can work together to achieve your optimal mental health.
(405) 833-1108 View (405) 833-1108
MIRCS Psychiatric and Counseling Services
Psychiatrist, MD, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73139
At MIRCS, the Psychiatrists emphasizes in the use of evidence-based medicine, incorporating a psychotherapeutic, psychosocial, psychopharmacological, and holistic approach. We provide Cat-amine and Spravato treatment.All our patients will be evaluated by trained Psychiatrists who are qualified to treat a wide range of psychiatric disorders . We conduct evaluations via telemedicine and Face-Face to assess for possible psychiatric conditions. Based on the visit, we will develop an appropriate and potential pharmacologic treatment plan. We aim to bring compassionate, dedicated, individualized and exceptionally high quality care.
At MIRCS, the Psychiatrists emphasizes in the use of evidence-based medicine, incorporating a psychotherapeutic, psychosocial, psychopharmacological, and holistic approach. We provide Cat-amine and Spravato treatment.All our patients will be evaluated by trained Psychiatrists who are qualified to treat a wide range of psychiatric disorders . We conduct evaluations via telemedicine and Face-Face to assess for possible psychiatric conditions. Based on the visit, we will develop an appropriate and potential pharmacologic treatment plan. We aim to bring compassionate, dedicated, individualized and exceptionally high quality care.
(405) 583-7579 View (405) 583-7579
Photo of Brandie Strange, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Brandie Strange
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRNCNP, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
I have 10+ years of experience in outpatient psychiatry. As a dual-boarded NP, I feel strongly about leaning into my experiences in physical medicine as an adjunct to my psychiatry practice. I welcome adults 18+ with special population insight in military families (AF veteran), first responders, and foster care families.
I have 10+ years of experience in outpatient psychiatry. As a dual-boarded NP, I feel strongly about leaning into my experiences in physical medicine as an adjunct to my psychiatry practice. I welcome adults 18+ with special population insight in military families (AF veteran), first responders, and foster care families.
(405) 840-3793 View (405) 840-3793
Photo of Baili Reichenberger, Psychiatrist in Oklahoma City, OK
Baili Reichenberger
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
I am a board certified psychiatrist providing outpatient mental health treatment online anywhere in Oklahoma or in person in Oklahoma City to adults ages 18-60. My areas of expertise include depression, anxiety, insomnia, ADHD and bipolar disorder. I have special training in women’s mental health with a focus on sexual health, pregnancy and postpartum mental health.
I am a board certified psychiatrist providing outpatient mental health treatment online anywhere in Oklahoma or in person in Oklahoma City to adults ages 18-60. My areas of expertise include depression, anxiety, insomnia, ADHD and bipolar disorder. I have special training in women’s mental health with a focus on sexual health, pregnancy and postpartum mental health.
(405) 452-8206 View (405) 452-8206
Photo of Colby Pacheco, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Colby Pacheco
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP-
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
Colby Pacheco, NP Colby Pacheco is a Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2023. He has a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Oklahoma Wesleyan University and a Master of Science in Nursing from Maryville University of Saint Louis. Colby has 10 years in healthcare as an RN and patient care technician. His nursing background includes Cardiothoracic ICU, Medical ICU, post-anesthesia, and hospice care. He utilizes nursing science to provide patient-centric holistic care and proudly offers LGBT+ affirming care.
Colby Pacheco, NP Colby Pacheco is a Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2023. He has a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Oklahoma Wesleyan University and a Master of Science in Nursing from Maryville University of Saint Louis. Colby has 10 years in healthcare as an RN and patient care technician. His nursing background includes Cardiothoracic ICU, Medical ICU, post-anesthesia, and hospice care. He utilizes nursing science to provide patient-centric holistic care and proudly offers LGBT+ affirming care.
(405) 873-8059 View (405) 873-8059
Photo of Alyssa Smith, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Alyssa Smith
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP, -BC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Alyssa Smith, APRN-PMHNP-BC is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with Reeder Psychiatry specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of patients of all ages with psychiatric mental illnesses. Alyssa received a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Southwestern Oklahoma State University and a Master of Science in Nursing from the University of Eastern Kentucky where she graduated as a member of the National Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi and Sigma Theta Tau with a 4.0 GPA. Alyssa has over 12 years experience in the medical field with a background in surgery, administration, pharmacy, and psychiatry.
Alyssa Smith, APRN-PMHNP-BC is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with Reeder Psychiatry specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of patients of all ages with psychiatric mental illnesses. Alyssa received a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Southwestern Oklahoma State University and a Master of Science in Nursing from the University of Eastern Kentucky where she graduated as a member of the National Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi and Sigma Theta Tau with a 4.0 GPA. Alyssa has over 12 years experience in the medical field with a background in surgery, administration, pharmacy, and psychiatry.
(405) 420-6646 View (405) 420-6646
Photo of Jesko Wellness, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Jesko Wellness
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73102  (Online Only)
At our mental health practice, our goal is to provide tailored solutions to meet their needs, particularly in the realm of medication management. We understand that each individual's journey to wellness is unique, which is why we offer personalized medication management services. Whether it's assessing, prescribing, or adjusting medications, our focus is on ensuring that our patients receive the right treatment at the right time. Additionally, we specialize in medication-assisted treatment, offering comprehensive support for various disorders. While we currently do not accept Medicare and Medicaid currently.
At our mental health practice, our goal is to provide tailored solutions to meet their needs, particularly in the realm of medication management. We understand that each individual's journey to wellness is unique, which is why we offer personalized medication management services. Whether it's assessing, prescribing, or adjusting medications, our focus is on ensuring that our patients receive the right treatment at the right time. Additionally, we specialize in medication-assisted treatment, offering comprehensive support for various disorders. While we currently do not accept Medicare and Medicaid currently.
(405) 546-2644 View (405) 546-2644
Photo of Gary L Massad, Psychiatrist in Oklahoma City, OK
Gary L Massad
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
With a distinguished career spanning over five decades, Dr. Gary Massad stands as a beacon in the medical community. He is a psychiatrist, widely recognized for his expertise in sports medicine, orthopedics, and workers' compensation. Currently, Dr. Massad is a pivotal figure at the Rivus Wellness and Research Institute, where he dedicates his extensive knowledge and experience to the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Dr. Massad's approach to patient care is deeply rooted in his passion for listening to and understanding the unique needs of each individu
With a distinguished career spanning over five decades, Dr. Gary Massad stands as a beacon in the medical community. He is a psychiatrist, widely recognized for his expertise in sports medicine, orthopedics, and workers' compensation. Currently, Dr. Massad is a pivotal figure at the Rivus Wellness and Research Institute, where he dedicates his extensive knowledge and experience to the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Dr. Massad's approach to patient care is deeply rooted in his passion for listening to and understanding the unique needs of each individu
(405) 987-4023 View (405) 987-4023
Photo of Lyndsey Jones, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Lyndsey Jones
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, CNP, PMHNP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73112  (Online Only)
Embracing mental health care is not just about managing symptoms—it’s a pathway to understanding oneself, cultivating resilience, and developing coping strategies for life's challenges. My approach is collaborative, valuing your unique perspective and lived experiences. I view our therapeutic relationship as a partnership, working together to explore the depths of your concerns, set achievable goals, and ultimately empower you to lead a more fulfilling life.
Embracing mental health care is not just about managing symptoms—it’s a pathway to understanding oneself, cultivating resilience, and developing coping strategies for life's challenges. My approach is collaborative, valuing your unique perspective and lived experiences. I view our therapeutic relationship as a partnership, working together to explore the depths of your concerns, set achievable goals, and ultimately empower you to lead a more fulfilling life.
(405) 450-7167 View (405) 450-7167
Photo of Rebecca Daniel, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Rebecca Daniel
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
My name is Rebecca Daniel, I work at Rivus Wellness and Research Institute, It is an assessable and diverse clinic that accepts various insurances and patients with disabilities. I am a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner and licensed through the Oklahoma Board of Nursing to assess, diagnose and treat clients with mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, PTSD, mood disorders, schizophrenia and other mental health disorders.
My name is Rebecca Daniel, I work at Rivus Wellness and Research Institute, It is an assessable and diverse clinic that accepts various insurances and patients with disabilities. I am a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner and licensed through the Oklahoma Board of Nursing to assess, diagnose and treat clients with mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, PTSD, mood disorders, schizophrenia and other mental health disorders.
(405) 860-6537 View (405) 860-6537
Photo of Ebonie Pankey, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Ebonie Pankey
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
Ebonie Pankey is Nurse Practitioner who specializes as a Family Nurse Practitioner as well as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She completed her Bachelor of Science at the University of Oklahoma and then earned her Master of Science degree at Simmons University in Boston, MA as an FNP. She also received her Post Master's degree at Liberty University in Lynchburg, VA as a PMHNP. While obtaining her FNP and PMHNP, she maintained Cum Laude status. Ebonie also volunteers as Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner with the Women's Resource Center in Norman, OK. Ebonie is an active member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated.
Ebonie Pankey is Nurse Practitioner who specializes as a Family Nurse Practitioner as well as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She completed her Bachelor of Science at the University of Oklahoma and then earned her Master of Science degree at Simmons University in Boston, MA as an FNP. She also received her Post Master's degree at Liberty University in Lynchburg, VA as a PMHNP. While obtaining her FNP and PMHNP, she maintained Cum Laude status. Ebonie also volunteers as Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner with the Women's Resource Center in Norman, OK. Ebonie is an active member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated.
(405) 883-4870 View (405) 883-4870
Photo of Prudencia Ijeoma, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Prudencia Ijeoma
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP, -BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73116  (Online Only)
Hi there, my name is Prudencia Ijeoma and I am a board-certified Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. My approach is patient-centered, holistic and individualized to meet each person's unique needs.
Hi there, my name is Prudencia Ijeoma and I am a board-certified Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. My approach is patient-centered, holistic and individualized to meet each person's unique needs.
(405) 870-2980 View (405) 870-2980
Photo of Heidi Erickson, Psychiatrist in Oklahoma City, OK
Heidi Erickson
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73131
Premier Psychiatric Care geared to the private pay patient needing the choice, flexibility, and confidentiality not found in today's behavioral health care world. Care is provided in a holistic context that encompasses the use of both conventional and complementary modalities. I currently provide services (Virtually only ) in South Florida and both in office and virtual visits in Oklahoma.
Premier Psychiatric Care geared to the private pay patient needing the choice, flexibility, and confidentiality not found in today's behavioral health care world. Care is provided in a holistic context that encompasses the use of both conventional and complementary modalities. I currently provide services (Virtually only ) in South Florida and both in office and virtual visits in Oklahoma.
(405) 504-1999 View (405) 504-1999
Photo of VPP Clinic | Dr Arif Mirza MD, Psychiatrist in Oklahoma City, OK
VPP Clinic | Dr Arif Mirza MD
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73117  (Online Only)
Welcome to VPPclinic.com ... As an experienced Psychiatrist in private practice, inpatient and telehealth settings, I'm here to offer authentic, compassionate care. Time is precious, especially for busy students, parents, and working professionals. I look forward to collaborate to reach your goals ASAP! ... Same week Video appointments are available statewide in Oklahoma. Text 469-770-7750 for quick booking assist.
Welcome to VPPclinic.com ... As an experienced Psychiatrist in private practice, inpatient and telehealth settings, I'm here to offer authentic, compassionate care. Time is precious, especially for busy students, parents, and working professionals. I look forward to collaborate to reach your goals ASAP! ... Same week Video appointments are available statewide in Oklahoma. Text 469-770-7750 for quick booking assist.
(405) 674-4082 View (405) 674-4082
Photo of Maris Mills, Physician Assistant in Oklahoma City, OK
Maris Mills
Physician Assistant, PA-C
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73106
Hello! My name is Maris Mills, and I'm a licensed and certified physician assistant working with a board certified psychiatrist to provide mental health care to adult patients. As a psychiatry physician assistant, I work closely with patients to develop individualized treatment plans that address their unique needs. I am dedicated to providing quality care by incorporating both medication management and therapy into treatment plans as needed. I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental environment for patients, focused on improving both self-compassion and interpersonal skills to improve wellbeing and achieve optimal mental health.
Hello! My name is Maris Mills, and I'm a licensed and certified physician assistant working with a board certified psychiatrist to provide mental health care to adult patients. As a psychiatry physician assistant, I work closely with patients to develop individualized treatment plans that address their unique needs. I am dedicated to providing quality care by incorporating both medication management and therapy into treatment plans as needed. I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental environment for patients, focused on improving both self-compassion and interpersonal skills to improve wellbeing and achieve optimal mental health.
(405) 725-2696 View (405) 725-2696
Photo of Colby Pacheco, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Colby Pacheco
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
Hello! My name is Colby and I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). PMHNPs utilize nursing science coupled along with holistic care, medication management, and interventional psychiatry - and that is exactly my practice. Let’s explore a holistic approach to your mental health care and help you be the best person you can be. Proudly offering LGBT+, BIPOC, and gender affirming care.
Hello! My name is Colby and I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). PMHNPs utilize nursing science coupled along with holistic care, medication management, and interventional psychiatry - and that is exactly my practice. Let’s explore a holistic approach to your mental health care and help you be the best person you can be. Proudly offering LGBT+, BIPOC, and gender affirming care.
(405) 956-2182 View (405) 956-2182
Photo of Brooke Thompson Peyton, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Brooke Thompson Peyton
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73106
I am a board certified psychiatric nurse practitioner and have been working in the mental health field for over 15 years. I provide compassionate, thoughtful and individualized care and will work together with you to help you improve your mental and emotional well being.
I am a board certified psychiatric nurse practitioner and have been working in the mental health field for over 15 years. I provide compassionate, thoughtful and individualized care and will work together with you to help you improve your mental and emotional well being.
(405) 369-8860 View (405) 369-8860
Photo of Safe space psychiatry, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Safe space psychiatry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, MSN, BSN, RN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73105  (Online Only)
Ferdinand “Freddy” Akoko has a decade of experience in healthcare. His love for mental health started at 17 while working for Veterans Affairs. Freddy believes in taking an integrative approach to mental health treatment and in the interconnectedness of the body, mind, and soul. He believes that the right medications plus the right tools equal the right response.
Ferdinand “Freddy” Akoko has a decade of experience in healthcare. His love for mental health started at 17 while working for Veterans Affairs. Freddy believes in taking an integrative approach to mental health treatment and in the interconnectedness of the body, mind, and soul. He believes that the right medications plus the right tools equal the right response.
(405) 829-6403 View (405) 829-6403
Photo of Meryl Aaron Msn Aprn, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Oklahoma City, OK
Meryl Aaron Msn Aprn
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP-C, FNP-C
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
I serve patients with mental health needs of all ages, and treat anxiety, depression, bipolar, schizophrenia, trauma, PTSD, personality disorders, autism spectrum disorders, OCD, and LGBT issues. I work with addiction medicine patients and would love to have an opportunity to help as many as I can reach. I am happy to provide medication management to address mental health needs as well as medication combined with therapy. Please call the office to verify insurance coverage, private pay is available as well. Do not email for an appointment, please call the office.
I serve patients with mental health needs of all ages, and treat anxiety, depression, bipolar, schizophrenia, trauma, PTSD, personality disorders, autism spectrum disorders, OCD, and LGBT issues. I work with addiction medicine patients and would love to have an opportunity to help as many as I can reach. I am happy to provide medication management to address mental health needs as well as medication combined with therapy. Please call the office to verify insurance coverage, private pay is available as well. Do not email for an appointment, please call the office.
(405) 267-4788 View (405) 267-4788

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How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Oklahoma City, OK

50+

Average cost per session

$150

Psychiatrists in Oklahoma City, OK who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
91% Depression
87% Bipolar Disorder
80% ADHD
80% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
78% Medication Management
73% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
86% BlueCross and BlueShield
84% Cigna and Evernorth

How Psychiatrists in Oklahoma City, OK see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
22% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Oklahoma City?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.