Psychiatrists in Bayonne, NJ

Photo of Dr. Jude C. Emelumba, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Dr. Jude C. Emelumba
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNPBC
Verified
Bayonne, NJ 07002  (Online Only)
Dr. Jude C. Emelumba is a Board-Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. He received his Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from Rutgers University. Dr. Emelumba has a vast clinical experience that covers both inpatient and outpatient adult psychiatric care settings, addiction treatment, clinical supervision, and advanced nursing students' preceptorship. He has the MAT training and is affiliated to Christ Hospital In Jersey City, New Jersey. His expertise is anchored on a treatment modality that combines psychopharmacology and psychotherapy approaches to psychiatric care while advocating for patient wellness and health promotion.
Dr. Jude C. Emelumba is a Board-Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. He received his Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from Rutgers University. Dr. Emelumba has a vast clinical experience that covers both inpatient and outpatient adult psychiatric care settings, addiction treatment, clinical supervision, and advanced nursing students' preceptorship. He has the MAT training and is affiliated to Christ Hospital In Jersey City, New Jersey. His expertise is anchored on a treatment modality that combines psychopharmacology and psychotherapy approaches to psychiatric care while advocating for patient wellness and health promotion.
(201) 597-5695 View (201) 597-5695
Photo of Danielle Marie Trenelli, Psychiatric Nurse in Bayonne, NJ
Danielle Marie Trenelli
Psychiatric Nurse, FNP-BC
Verified
Bayonne, NJ 07002  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Dani, a Family Nurse Practitioner with certifications in Geriatrics and Counseling. My goal is to ensure that patients have easy and immediate access to healthcare. When requested by my patients, I combine conventional medications with functional and integrative medicine approaches to address concerns like anxiety, depression, and ADHD. I'm passionate about empowering individuals to find their own motivation for a healthy life. In addition to addressing behavioral health, I am capable of treating a wide range of conditions, both acute (skin and respiratory infections) and chronic (pre-diabetes, diabetes, HTN, and pain)
Hello, I'm Dani, a Family Nurse Practitioner with certifications in Geriatrics and Counseling. My goal is to ensure that patients have easy and immediate access to healthcare. When requested by my patients, I combine conventional medications with functional and integrative medicine approaches to address concerns like anxiety, depression, and ADHD. I'm passionate about empowering individuals to find their own motivation for a healthy life. In addition to addressing behavioral health, I am capable of treating a wide range of conditions, both acute (skin and respiratory infections) and chronic (pre-diabetes, diabetes, HTN, and pain)
(551) 356-8242 View (551) 356-8242
Photo of Dorsa Seimaa, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Dorsa Seimaa
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP-B
Verified
Bayonne, NJ 07002  (Online Only)
Dorsa has been a nurse in psychiatry for 15 years and has been a practicing Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the last 4 years. She earned her Master of Public Health and Doctorate in Nursing from Rutgers University. She has worked both in community-based practices and hospitals, and in private practice. In addition to providing medication management services, Dorsa has also worked in clinical-education settings.
Dorsa has been a nurse in psychiatry for 15 years and has been a practicing Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner for the last 4 years. She earned her Master of Public Health and Doctorate in Nursing from Rutgers University. She has worked both in community-based practices and hospitals, and in private practice. In addition to providing medication management services, Dorsa has also worked in clinical-education settings.
(551) 305-3237 View (551) 305-3237
Photo of Denise Daley, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Denise Daley
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified
Bayonne, NJ 07002
Denise Daley is a board-certified mental health nurse practitioner. Denise is a kind and compassionate provider who is prepared to deliver excellent service to her clients. Clients go to Denise looking for a provider who treats them as complete individuals. Her specialties include substance abuse, anxiety, and depression. She also treats those struggling with ADHD, maladaptive coping skills, grief, life transitions, obsessive-compulsive (OCD), relationship issues, school issues, self-esteem issues, sleep issues, stress, dual diagnosis, trauma, PTSD, women’s issues, and mood disorders.
Denise Daley is a board-certified mental health nurse practitioner. Denise is a kind and compassionate provider who is prepared to deliver excellent service to her clients. Clients go to Denise looking for a provider who treats them as complete individuals. Her specialties include substance abuse, anxiety, and depression. She also treats those struggling with ADHD, maladaptive coping skills, grief, life transitions, obsessive-compulsive (OCD), relationship issues, school issues, self-esteem issues, sleep issues, stress, dual diagnosis, trauma, PTSD, women’s issues, and mood disorders.
(862) 640-2364 View (862) 640-2364
Photo of Tina James, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Tina James
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Bayonne, NJ 07002
I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I graduated from Walden University in 2020 with my MSN and focus in psychiatry as a nurse practitioner. I have been a nurse for about seven years with experience in inpatient psychiatry, medical surgical, ER crisis management, forensic and detox nursing. Psychiatry is dear to my heart and I enjoy advocating for mental healthcare. The mind, body and soul make up wellness and health, so without the proper mental health treatment, holistic care is incomplete.
I am a board certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. I graduated from Walden University in 2020 with my MSN and focus in psychiatry as a nurse practitioner. I have been a nurse for about seven years with experience in inpatient psychiatry, medical surgical, ER crisis management, forensic and detox nursing. Psychiatry is dear to my heart and I enjoy advocating for mental healthcare. The mind, body and soul make up wellness and health, so without the proper mental health treatment, holistic care is incomplete.
(609) 438-8910 View (609) 438-8910
Photo of Oyebola Asenuga, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Oyebola Asenuga
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, APN-BC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Bayonne, NJ 07002  (Online Only)
Nice to meet you! I'm Oyebola, the founder and owner of Restore Ark Healthcare. I'm a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in New Jersey with over 13 years of clinical experience working in different types of mental healthcare settings. I am dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive services to all patients in need.
Nice to meet you! I'm Oyebola, the founder and owner of Restore Ark Healthcare. I'm a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in New Jersey with over 13 years of clinical experience working in different types of mental healthcare settings. I am dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive services to all patients in need.
(908) 293-9535 View (908) 293-9535

More Psychiatrists Nearby

Photo of Lashon Simpson, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Lashon Simpson
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030
I’m a Psychiatric Provider that listens, shows compassion, and empathizes. I look forward to helping you rebuild your mental health by providing both pharmacological and holistic treatment plans. Rather you have ADHD, Depression, anxiety and/or insomnia, help is just a call away. We treat each client from a personal perspective and provide individualized psychiatric treatment plans that helps to rebuild your mental health.
I’m a Psychiatric Provider that listens, shows compassion, and empathizes. I look forward to helping you rebuild your mental health by providing both pharmacological and holistic treatment plans. Rather you have ADHD, Depression, anxiety and/or insomnia, help is just a call away. We treat each client from a personal perspective and provide individualized psychiatric treatment plans that helps to rebuild your mental health.
(201) 992-8075 View (201) 992-8075
Photo of Ling Chen, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Ling Chen
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP, AGPCNP
Verified
4 Endorsed
Hoboken, NJ 07030  (Online Only)
If you are experiencing anxiety, panic moments, melancholic moods, brain fog, difficulty sleeping in addition to unintended weight gain, then you have found the right place! My medical background as a primary care provider allows me to rule out medical causes to find the root of the psychiatric symptoms. In addition, I like to use natural, over-the-counter supplements along with FDA-approved medications to holistically manage my patient's symptoms. Many psychotropic drugs also cause weight gain increasing your risk for other medical conditions, I have experience in managing psychiatric conditions and their metabolic side effects.
If you are experiencing anxiety, panic moments, melancholic moods, brain fog, difficulty sleeping in addition to unintended weight gain, then you have found the right place! My medical background as a primary care provider allows me to rule out medical causes to find the root of the psychiatric symptoms. In addition, I like to use natural, over-the-counter supplements along with FDA-approved medications to holistically manage my patient's symptoms. Many psychotropic drugs also cause weight gain increasing your risk for other medical conditions, I have experience in managing psychiatric conditions and their metabolic side effects.
(973) 659-4854 View (973) 659-4854
Photo of Bhavin Gajera, Psychiatrist in Bayonne, NJ
Bhavin Gajera
Psychiatrist, MD, MPH
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030
I am a board certified Psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults. After completing my medical school education, I achieved a Master of Public Health (MPH) degree from Arcadia University. I completed my adult psychiatry residency training at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia. During my training at AEMC, I was awarded the prestigious national Distinguished Laughlin Fellow Merit Award for professional achievement and scholarship. I completed my Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Fellowship at the Mount Sinai Health system - St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center in Manhattan where I also served as a Chief Fellow.
I am a board certified Psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults. After completing my medical school education, I achieved a Master of Public Health (MPH) degree from Arcadia University. I completed my adult psychiatry residency training at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia. During my training at AEMC, I was awarded the prestigious national Distinguished Laughlin Fellow Merit Award for professional achievement and scholarship. I completed my Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Fellowship at the Mount Sinai Health system - St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center in Manhattan where I also served as a Chief Fellow.
(201) 820-0888 View (201) 820-0888
Photo of Ramakrishna Gudapati MD LLC, Psychiatrist in Bayonne, NJ
Ramakrishna Gudapati MD LLC
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030  (Online Only)
Dr.Ramakrishna Gudapati MD is a board certified psychiatrist with over 19 years of experience including as a Medical Director. Accepting new patients. Weekend appointments available.
Dr.Ramakrishna Gudapati MD is a board certified psychiatrist with over 19 years of experience including as a Medical Director. Accepting new patients. Weekend appointments available.
(201) 862-7157 View (201) 862-7157
Photo of Denise McClellan, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Denise McClellan
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified
2 Endorsed
Jersey City, NJ 07306  (Online Only)
Denise received her advanced nursing specialization of psychiatry degree after working in the social work field. She has experience providing treatment in the military environment and in the civilian inpatient, outpatient, and primary care settings. She values the importance of treating the whole person and she began providing telepsychiatry services due to a strong belief that access to psychiatric treatment should be available to all individuals.
Denise received her advanced nursing specialization of psychiatry degree after working in the social work field. She has experience providing treatment in the military environment and in the civilian inpatient, outpatient, and primary care settings. She values the importance of treating the whole person and she began providing telepsychiatry services due to a strong belief that access to psychiatric treatment should be available to all individuals.
(844) 369-9678 View (844) 369-9678
Photo of Ngozi Nkemka, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Ngozi Nkemka
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030
Ngozi is a Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner on the Mindful Care team practicing out of New Jersey.
Ngozi is a Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner on the Mindful Care team practicing out of New Jersey.
(551) 305-4535 View (551) 305-4535
Photo of Ketnie Aristide, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Ketnie Aristide
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030
Ketnie is a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner on the Mindful Care team practicing out of New Jersey.
Ketnie is a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner on the Mindful Care team practicing out of New Jersey.
(551) 465-5226 View (551) 465-5226
Photo of Elizabeth Mulwa, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Elizabeth Mulwa
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Jersey City, NJ 07302  (Online Only)
Hi, I am Dr. Liz Mulwa based in NJ. English & Swahili speaking Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) with a doctor of Dental medicine degree background. Graduated at Fairleigh Dickson University.
Hi, I am Dr. Liz Mulwa based in NJ. English & Swahili speaking Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) with a doctor of Dental medicine degree background. Graduated at Fairleigh Dickson University.
(973) 791-6355 View (973) 791-6355
Photo of Marc Cantillon, Psychiatrist in Bayonne, NJ
Marc Cantillon
Psychiatrist, MD, FAPA, FANA
Verified
2 Endorsed
Jersey City, NJ 07302
Sadness, ADD, addiction, relationships, other anguish? No matter what pain you bear, there is hope, with care, scientific evidence, and if needed legal help. For every problem, there are solutions: I have witnessed personal change, growth at any age. For children: identity and learning; for adults work/other responsibilities, or staying active and fully enjoying the wisdom of a mature life. Together we identify the issue(s), talking support CBT therapy and/or medication including natural complementary, exercises, work coaching. For fees, I work flexibly with those patients who have out of network coverage so they are reimbursed.
Sadness, ADD, addiction, relationships, other anguish? No matter what pain you bear, there is hope, with care, scientific evidence, and if needed legal help. For every problem, there are solutions: I have witnessed personal change, growth at any age. For children: identity and learning; for adults work/other responsibilities, or staying active and fully enjoying the wisdom of a mature life. Together we identify the issue(s), talking support CBT therapy and/or medication including natural complementary, exercises, work coaching. For fees, I work flexibly with those patients who have out of network coverage so they are reimbursed.
(973) 870-0599 View (973) 870-0599
Photo of Meghan Carr Albanese, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Meghan Carr Albanese
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNPBC, APN
Verified
Hoboken, NJ 07030
I customize care to meet the unique needs of each individual. Appointments include assessment, motivational interviewing, personalized talk therapy, and medication management. Care is offered to patients in the comfort of a private office and also through a secure tele-medicine platform. I treat patients with varying diagnoses including anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, OCD, post traumatic stress, focus/concentration disorders and more.
I customize care to meet the unique needs of each individual. Appointments include assessment, motivational interviewing, personalized talk therapy, and medication management. Care is offered to patients in the comfort of a private office and also through a secure tele-medicine platform. I treat patients with varying diagnoses including anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, OCD, post traumatic stress, focus/concentration disorders and more.
(908) 638-1493 View (908) 638-1493
Photo of BirchWood Health - Jacquelyn Zagone, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
BirchWood Health - Jacquelyn Zagone
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APN, PMHNP
Verified
Newark, NJ 07101  (Online Only)
As a Board-Certified Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC), I am dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive mental health care. With a deep understanding of the complexities of psychiatric conditions, I employ a patient-centered approach to treatment, ensuring that each individual’s unique needs and circumstances are at the forefront of their care plan. Find out more about me and my practice at www.BirchWood.Health
As a Board-Certified Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC), I am dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive mental health care. With a deep understanding of the complexities of psychiatric conditions, I employ a patient-centered approach to treatment, ensuring that each individual’s unique needs and circumstances are at the forefront of their care plan. Find out more about me and my practice at www.BirchWood.Health
(862) 356-6293 View (862) 356-6293
Photo of Oluchi Eke, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Oluchi Eke
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP
Verified
Jersey City, NJ 07302  (Online Only)
With my background in nursing, I have acquired a broad range of skills and experiences that allow me to effectively assess, diagnose, and manage various mental health conditions. I approach care with empathy, compassion, and a commitment to working collaboratively with patients, caregivers, and other healthcare professionals to identify and address their unique needs and optimize their treatment outcomes.
With my background in nursing, I have acquired a broad range of skills and experiences that allow me to effectively assess, diagnose, and manage various mental health conditions. I approach care with empathy, compassion, and a commitment to working collaboratively with patients, caregivers, and other healthcare professionals to identify and address their unique needs and optimize their treatment outcomes.
(973) 352-0841 View (973) 352-0841
Photo of Aparna Raote, Psychiatrist in Bayonne, NJ
Aparna Raote
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Jersey City, NJ 07302
Whatever concern brings you here, I believe, that it takes an all round approach to bring recovery. My approach is always to start with as Thorough diagnosis as possible. Then I formulate a highly personalized plan for you that includes medications, psychotherapy, diet, exercise, sleep hygiene, meditation , lab-works and other lifestyle modifications.
Whatever concern brings you here, I believe, that it takes an all round approach to bring recovery. My approach is always to start with as Thorough diagnosis as possible. Then I formulate a highly personalized plan for you that includes medications, psychotherapy, diet, exercise, sleep hygiene, meditation , lab-works and other lifestyle modifications.
(347) 507-2113 View (347) 507-2113
Photo of Ofmeme Psychiatric Care, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Bayonne, NJ
Ofmeme Psychiatric Care
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, MSN, PMHNP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Belleville, NJ 07109
If you are experiencing symptoms associated with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, ADHD, PTSD and substance use disorder, let Ofmeme Psychiatric Care provide you with services that are specific to your needs. Dr. Udofia offers comprehensive assessment, medication management and a range of treatment opportunities aimed at restoring patients back to optimal health. At Ofmeme Psychiatric Care, we also provide psychiatric evaluation for bariatric surgery.
If you are experiencing symptoms associated with anxiety, depression, mood disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, ADHD, PTSD and substance use disorder, let Ofmeme Psychiatric Care provide you with services that are specific to your needs. Dr. Udofia offers comprehensive assessment, medication management and a range of treatment opportunities aimed at restoring patients back to optimal health. At Ofmeme Psychiatric Care, we also provide psychiatric evaluation for bariatric surgery.
(973) 891-4333 View (973) 891-4333

See more therapy options for Bayonne

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Bayonne, NJ

< 10

Psychiatrists in Bayonne, NJ who prioritize treating:

83% Depression
83% Anxiety
83% ADHD
83% Sleep or Insomnia
83% Medication Management
67% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

3 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
83% Cigna and Evernorth
83% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Psychiatrists in Bayonne, NJ see their clients

66% Online Only
34% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Bayonne?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.