Psychiatrists in Frontenac, MO

Photo of Haley Koepp, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Haley Koepp
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, CNP
Verified
Frontenac, MO 63131
Dr. Haley Koepp is a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Missouri who has been practicing since 2018. She holds a Bachelor's degree in pPychology from Webster University and a Bachelor's degree in nursing from Barnes-Jewish Goldfarb School of Nursing. She also holds a Master's degree in Nursing from Saint Louis University and obtained her Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from Purdue University Global. Dr. Koepp treats acute and chronic mental health disorders in both inpatient and outpatient settings and all ages of the lifespan.
Dr. Haley Koepp is a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Missouri who has been practicing since 2018. She holds a Bachelor's degree in pPychology from Webster University and a Bachelor's degree in nursing from Barnes-Jewish Goldfarb School of Nursing. She also holds a Master's degree in Nursing from Saint Louis University and obtained her Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from Purdue University Global. Dr. Koepp treats acute and chronic mental health disorders in both inpatient and outpatient settings and all ages of the lifespan.
(314) 934-2794 View (314) 934-2794
Photo of Meredith Throop, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Meredith Throop
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Frontenac, MO 63131  (Online Only)
Dr. Throop is expanding her current private practice and will be primarily telemedicine based. Dr. Throop’s approach is patient-centered/patient-focused. Patient-centered care is a concept that gives primacy to the voice and concerns of the person using the health care service. The goal is to enable and empower patients to better appreciate, and play an active role in their mental health. Dr. Throop aims to take a holistic approach to mental health. While medications are a very powerful tool in the journey to feeling better, they are one of many tools to be used!
Dr. Throop is expanding her current private practice and will be primarily telemedicine based. Dr. Throop’s approach is patient-centered/patient-focused. Patient-centered care is a concept that gives primacy to the voice and concerns of the person using the health care service. The goal is to enable and empower patients to better appreciate, and play an active role in their mental health. Dr. Throop aims to take a holistic approach to mental health. While medications are a very powerful tool in the journey to feeling better, they are one of many tools to be used!
(636) 435-2187 View (636) 435-2187

More Psychiatrists Nearby

Photo of SANA Psychiatry, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
SANA Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Richmond Heights, MO 63117
Accepting New Patients - With medication and therapeutic interventions, Dr. Sindhura Saini, M.D. hopes to help patients feel respected while working to improve their well being and mental health. Dr. Saini's expertise involves anxiety, OCD, depression, trauma, ADHD and bipolar disorder.
Accepting New Patients - With medication and therapeutic interventions, Dr. Sindhura Saini, M.D. hopes to help patients feel respected while working to improve their well being and mental health. Dr. Saini's expertise involves anxiety, OCD, depression, trauma, ADHD and bipolar disorder.
(314) 866-7702 View (314) 866-7702
Photo of Narissa Marasso, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Narissa Marasso
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNPBC
Verified
Saint Louis, MO 63122
Narissa Marasso, PMHNP is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She practices general psychiatry with an emphasis on adult populations, including the treatment of depression, bipolar, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, insomnia, PTSD, trauma, eating disorders, and the co-occurring mental health complications of Type 1 Diabetes. Services include brief psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic management. Narissa enjoys building therapeutic relationships with her clients and seeing them heal believing that mental, physical, and spiritual wellness can lead to lasting recovery.
Narissa Marasso, PMHNP is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She practices general psychiatry with an emphasis on adult populations, including the treatment of depression, bipolar, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, insomnia, PTSD, trauma, eating disorders, and the co-occurring mental health complications of Type 1 Diabetes. Services include brief psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic management. Narissa enjoys building therapeutic relationships with her clients and seeing them heal believing that mental, physical, and spiritual wellness can lead to lasting recovery.
(314) 794-5562 View (314) 794-5562
Monica Bishop
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Clayton, MO 63105
My goal is to build a lasting relationship with my patients, helping them to live a life that is authentic. I get to know the whole person, and we will work collaboratively to help you meet your needs. I have a relaxed style and try to foster a comfortable environment. I individualize treatment to each person, using a combination of medications and therapy as appropriate. I have been practicing psychiatry for over 20 years. I specialize in treating patients with eating disorders, as well as depression, anxiety, and other co-morbid disorders. I work with patients ages 10 and up.
My goal is to build a lasting relationship with my patients, helping them to live a life that is authentic. I get to know the whole person, and we will work collaboratively to help you meet your needs. I have a relaxed style and try to foster a comfortable environment. I individualize treatment to each person, using a combination of medications and therapy as appropriate. I have been practicing psychiatry for over 20 years. I specialize in treating patients with eating disorders, as well as depression, anxiety, and other co-morbid disorders. I work with patients ages 10 and up.
(314) 947-3528 View (314) 947-3528
Photo of Dr. Anjuli Maharaj Shah, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Dr. Anjuli Maharaj Shah
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified
Ballwin, MO 63021  (Online Only)
Dr. Shah is more than just your typical psychiatrist. She embraces a harmonious blend of innovative practices alongside traditional clinical approaches, attuned to your individual needs. To provide bespoke treatment, Dr. Shah is trained in a diversity of therapeutic approaches, including psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused therapy as well as motivational interviewing. With Board certification in psychiatry, Dr. Shah stands as your expert ally, ready to unlock mental and emotional health through a truly whole-person approach.
Dr. Shah is more than just your typical psychiatrist. She embraces a harmonious blend of innovative practices alongside traditional clinical approaches, attuned to your individual needs. To provide bespoke treatment, Dr. Shah is trained in a diversity of therapeutic approaches, including psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused therapy as well as motivational interviewing. With Board certification in psychiatry, Dr. Shah stands as your expert ally, ready to unlock mental and emotional health through a truly whole-person approach.
View
Photo of Kimberly Danielle, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Kimberly Danielle
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP-C, PMHNP-C
Verified
Chesterfield, MO 63005  (Online Only)
Welcome to Klarity Wellness! My name is Kimberly Danielle, PMHNP- BC, FNP-C. With integrative & functional medicine training, as well as being double board-certified in Psychiatry and Family Medicine, I bring a unique and comprehensive perspective to mental and physical health care. My expertise allows me to offer an integrated approach to a wide range of conditions, including anxiety, depression, bipolar & mood disorders, PTSD, ADHD, and more. With extensive experience in psychiatry and hospital based medicine, I have developed an expertise in addressing the relationship between mental and physical well-being.
Welcome to Klarity Wellness! My name is Kimberly Danielle, PMHNP- BC, FNP-C. With integrative & functional medicine training, as well as being double board-certified in Psychiatry and Family Medicine, I bring a unique and comprehensive perspective to mental and physical health care. My expertise allows me to offer an integrated approach to a wide range of conditions, including anxiety, depression, bipolar & mood disorders, PTSD, ADHD, and more. With extensive experience in psychiatry and hospital based medicine, I have developed an expertise in addressing the relationship between mental and physical well-being.
(314) 226-1120 View (314) 226-1120
Photo of Ajit Trikha, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Ajit Trikha
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Manchester, MO 63021
Helping You Get Healthy With over 25 years of psychiatric experience, I understand how to work with my patients to ensure they receive the best care possible. My thoughtful and personalized approach means I'm fully committed to the health and well-being of all my patients. Treatment for a complete spectrum of psychiatric and psychological disorders include Depressive and Bipolar disorders, Psychotic disorders, Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive disorders, Stress disorders, Addiction disorders, Personality disorders, Eating disorders, Dual diagnosis, Adult Hyperactivity Disorder, Grief, Bereavement, and Anger management. DATA-Certified Physician eligible to provide buprenorphine (Suboxone) treatment for opioid dependency.
Helping You Get Healthy With over 25 years of psychiatric experience, I understand how to work with my patients to ensure they receive the best care possible. My thoughtful and personalized approach means I'm fully committed to the health and well-being of all my patients. Treatment for a complete spectrum of psychiatric and psychological disorders include Depressive and Bipolar disorders, Psychotic disorders, Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive disorders, Stress disorders, Addiction disorders, Personality disorders, Eating disorders, Dual diagnosis, Adult Hyperactivity Disorder, Grief, Bereavement, and Anger management. DATA-Certified Physician eligible to provide buprenorphine (Suboxone) treatment for opioid dependency.
(636) 275-1957 View (636) 275-1957
Photo of James Mikolajczak, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
James Mikolajczak
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Clayton, MO 63105
I strongly believe a good psychotherapy experience is based on a good healthy connection between the patient and therapist. Within this relationship the two can both explore the internal and external world in which the patient lives. The internal world arises from both present and past experiences. An understanding of these worlds and the conflicts within these worlds, leads to an easing of the patient's symptoms and an improved resilience to handle life's events. Lasting results come gradually in psychotherapy. I offer meeting with a patient to listen and discuss one's history. I will provide my assessment of some of the important life experiences and make a recommendation of what treatment I might offer to relieve symptoms. As a physician, I offer medication management along with psychotherapy. I treat children, adolescents, and adults in psychotherapy and medical psychotherapy.
I strongly believe a good psychotherapy experience is based on a good healthy connection between the patient and therapist. Within this relationship the two can both explore the internal and external world in which the patient lives. The internal world arises from both present and past experiences. An understanding of these worlds and the conflicts within these worlds, leads to an easing of the patient's symptoms and an improved resilience to handle life's events. Lasting results come gradually in psychotherapy. I offer meeting with a patient to listen and discuss one's history. I will provide my assessment of some of the important life experiences and make a recommendation of what treatment I might offer to relieve symptoms. As a physician, I offer medication management along with psychotherapy. I treat children, adolescents, and adults in psychotherapy and medical psychotherapy.
(314) 828-1343 View (314) 828-1343
Photo of Bonnie Lee Applewhite, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Bonnie Lee Applewhite
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Saint Louis, MO 63119
Dr. Bonnie Applewhite provides personalized Adult Psychiatry services in an outpatient setting. Dr. Applewhite has studied at premiere medical institutions and continually strives to remain at the forefront of neuroscience and mental health treatment. Dr. Applewhite collaborates with every patient to realize their innermost potential. Treatment plans are developed with the lifestyle and goals of each patient in mind, while still pursuing maximum therapeutic efficacy.
Dr. Bonnie Applewhite provides personalized Adult Psychiatry services in an outpatient setting. Dr. Applewhite has studied at premiere medical institutions and continually strives to remain at the forefront of neuroscience and mental health treatment. Dr. Applewhite collaborates with every patient to realize their innermost potential. Treatment plans are developed with the lifestyle and goals of each patient in mind, while still pursuing maximum therapeutic efficacy.
(314) 207-0606 View (314) 207-0606
Photo of Thripura Thirtala, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Thripura Thirtala
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Chesterfield, MO 63017
Dr. Thripura Thirtala received her medical degree from Alluri Sita Rama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences in India. She completed her residency in Psychiatry at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. Her practice is focused on patients 12 years and older, treating ADHD, depression, mood disorders, bi-polar disorder, generalized anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders. In addition to practicing in general Psychiatry, Dr. Thirtala has specific interests in treating adolescent and substance abuse populations.
Dr. Thripura Thirtala received her medical degree from Alluri Sita Rama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences in India. She completed her residency in Psychiatry at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. Her practice is focused on patients 12 years and older, treating ADHD, depression, mood disorders, bi-polar disorder, generalized anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders. In addition to practicing in general Psychiatry, Dr. Thirtala has specific interests in treating adolescent and substance abuse populations.
(636) 434-1795 View (636) 434-1795
Photo of Jordan Malone, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Jordan Malone
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNPBC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Saint Louis, MO 63141  (Online Only)
Jordan Malone is a board certified psychiatric nurse practitioner. She treats adults 18 and up for various mental health concerns with medication management. To optimize treatment, genetic screening is offered. Jordan is passionate and dedicated in assisting patients meet their personalized goals as they continue their journey to healing. Minimal wait times.
Jordan Malone is a board certified psychiatric nurse practitioner. She treats adults 18 and up for various mental health concerns with medication management. To optimize treatment, genetic screening is offered. Jordan is passionate and dedicated in assisting patients meet their personalized goals as they continue their journey to healing. Minimal wait times.
(314) 804-2124 View (314) 804-2124
Photo of Success Health System, Worldwide Psychiatry, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Success Health System, Worldwide Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Creve Coeur, MO 63141
Success Health System strives to provide the best patient experience possible. We offer virtual and in-person services at convenient locations in Olathe, KS; Columbia, MO; Independence, MO; and Creve Coeur, MO. We will answer and schedule your appointment within 48 hours. Providers at Success Health System are passionate about providing patient-centered psychotropic and psychotherapeutic interventions that are individualized to each patient’s diagnosis.
Success Health System strives to provide the best patient experience possible. We offer virtual and in-person services at convenient locations in Olathe, KS; Columbia, MO; Independence, MO; and Creve Coeur, MO. We will answer and schedule your appointment within 48 hours. Providers at Success Health System are passionate about providing patient-centered psychotropic and psychotherapeutic interventions that are individualized to each patient’s diagnosis.
(573) 269-3946 View (573) 269-3946
Photo of Cassandra Turner, Psychiatric Nurse in Frontenac, MO
Cassandra Turner
Psychiatric Nurse, DNP, APRN, PMHNP
Verified
Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Are you struggling with Substance Use or Alcohol Use Disorders? Sana Lake Behavioral Wellness Center Medical Services is the place for you. Offering a full system of care without the long wait to see Licensed Providers who specialize in Psychiatry, Medication Management, Medication Assisted Treatments, and Therapeutic Interventions while under the care of our clinical team.
Are you struggling with Substance Use or Alcohol Use Disorders? Sana Lake Behavioral Wellness Center Medical Services is the place for you. Offering a full system of care without the long wait to see Licensed Providers who specialize in Psychiatry, Medication Management, Medication Assisted Treatments, and Therapeutic Interventions while under the care of our clinical team.
(816) 209-1458 View (816) 209-1458
Photo of Shelah Radke, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Shelah Radke
Psychiatrist, MD, JD
Verified
Saint Louis, MO 63123
I help clients with the diagnosis and treatment of a plethora of concerns, including (but not limited to) emotional, developmental, behavioral, and mental disorders of childhood and adolescence. I work with my clients to understand what their needs and goals are, and together we use this information to develop a personalized treatment plan. This approach empowers my clients to take an active role in their own care and can lead to more positive outcomes and greater overall satisfaction with the treatment process.
I help clients with the diagnosis and treatment of a plethora of concerns, including (but not limited to) emotional, developmental, behavioral, and mental disorders of childhood and adolescence. I work with my clients to understand what their needs and goals are, and together we use this information to develop a personalized treatment plan. This approach empowers my clients to take an active role in their own care and can lead to more positive outcomes and greater overall satisfaction with the treatment process.
(314) 907-3544 View (314) 907-3544
Photo of Anna Tran, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Anna Tran
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP
Verified
Town And Country, MO 63017
Anna Tran is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Missouri who has been practicing since 2020. She has a Master of Science in Nursing, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner from Maryville University with honors, a Bachelor Science in Nursing from Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes-Jewish College, and a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science from Saint Louis University. Anna’s inherent desire is to serve individuals by inspiring and assisting them in making lasting changes in their lives and personifying their purposes in the world.
Anna Tran is a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner in Missouri who has been practicing since 2020. She has a Master of Science in Nursing, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner from Maryville University with honors, a Bachelor Science in Nursing from Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes-Jewish College, and a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science from Saint Louis University. Anna’s inherent desire is to serve individuals by inspiring and assisting them in making lasting changes in their lives and personifying their purposes in the world.
(314) 897-7162 View (314) 897-7162
Photo of Aspire Wellness, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Aspire Wellness
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified
Fenton, MO 63026  (Online Only)
If you are looking for quality psychiatric medication management services, then Aspire Wellness is the right center for you! We are accepting new patients 18 years and older through telehealth. Our goal is to provide high quality healthcare services to improve overall wellbeing. Our team will support you along the way and work together to connect you with the treament and services you need.
If you are looking for quality psychiatric medication management services, then Aspire Wellness is the right center for you! We are accepting new patients 18 years and older through telehealth. Our goal is to provide high quality healthcare services to improve overall wellbeing. Our team will support you along the way and work together to connect you with the treament and services you need.
(636) 435-2586 View (636) 435-2586
Photo of Beth Glenn, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Beth Glenn
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Beth Glenn, PMHNP Beth Glenn is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Beth has worked with children, adolescent, adult, and geriatric behavioral health patients throughout her nursing career beginning in 2010 and obtained her Master's in Science of Nursing from Eastern Kentucky University in 2022. Beth practices in general psychiatry, including (but not limited to) the treatment of depression, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, and anxiety with an emphasis on the geriatric population and co-occurring major neurocognitive disorders such as dementia.
Beth Glenn, PMHNP Beth Glenn is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Beth has worked with children, adolescent, adult, and geriatric behavioral health patients throughout her nursing career beginning in 2010 and obtained her Master's in Science of Nursing from Eastern Kentucky University in 2022. Beth practices in general psychiatry, including (but not limited to) the treatment of depression, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, and anxiety with an emphasis on the geriatric population and co-occurring major neurocognitive disorders such as dementia.
(314) 907-2532 View (314) 907-2532
Photo of Susan Dawson, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Frontenac, MO
Susan Dawson
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, EdD , PMHNP
Saint Louis, MO 63129
I am a licensed and board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, in practice for over 25yrs. I have served as a Professor, Dean and Director of nursing programs. My passion is in helping people in need of substantial management of mental health issues. Helping patients with addiction and adult psychiatry issues is essential for the success of those in these situations. I'm looking forward to serving patients who are ready to deal with their mental health issues, head on. If you need a provider who cares, believes in being honest and trustworthy consider care here is the place.
I am a licensed and board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, in practice for over 25yrs. I have served as a Professor, Dean and Director of nursing programs. My passion is in helping people in need of substantial management of mental health issues. Helping patients with addiction and adult psychiatry issues is essential for the success of those in these situations. I'm looking forward to serving patients who are ready to deal with their mental health issues, head on. If you need a provider who cares, believes in being honest and trustworthy consider care here is the place.
(314) 730-1975 View (314) 730-1975
Photo of Vishal Adma, Psychiatrist in Frontenac, MO
Vishal Adma
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Are you struggling with Substance Use or Alcohol Use Disorders? Sana Lake Behavioral Wellness Center Medical Services is the place for you. Offering a full system of care without the long wait to see Licensed Providers who specialize in Psychiatry, Medication Management, Medication Assisted Treatments, and Therapeutic Interventions while under the care of our clinical team.
Are you struggling with Substance Use or Alcohol Use Disorders? Sana Lake Behavioral Wellness Center Medical Services is the place for you. Offering a full system of care without the long wait to see Licensed Providers who specialize in Psychiatry, Medication Management, Medication Assisted Treatments, and Therapeutic Interventions while under the care of our clinical team.
(314) 907-2545 View (314) 907-2545

See more therapy options for Frontenac

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Frontenac, MO

< 10

Psychiatrists in Frontenac, MO who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% ADHD
100% Eating Disorders
100% Grief
100% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% ComPsych

How Psychiatrists in Frontenac, MO see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Frontenac?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.