Psychiatrists in Orange County, FL

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Photo of Freedom Psychiatry Center, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Freedom Psychiatry Center
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Verified
Orlando, FL 32809  (Online Only)
Are you feeling depressed, worthless, and hopeless about your future? Do you have anxiety or panic attacks? Do you have trouble concentrating better on your tasks? You are not alone. We are here to help you balance your physical and mental health and improve your performance at your job, and at school, and at home. We treat depression, anxiety, ADHD, panic attack, bipolar disorder, and many more. We are currently accepting new patients. Please, check out what others are saying about us at: provider.kareo.com/paul-okoronkwo
Are you feeling depressed, worthless, and hopeless about your future? Do you have anxiety or panic attacks? Do you have trouble concentrating better on your tasks? You are not alone. We are here to help you balance your physical and mental health and improve your performance at your job, and at school, and at home. We treat depression, anxiety, ADHD, panic attack, bipolar disorder, and many more. We are currently accepting new patients. Please, check out what others are saying about us at: provider.kareo.com/paul-okoronkwo
(407) 565-9981 View (407) 565-9981
Photo of Dinar Sajan, Psychiatrist in Orange County, FL
Dinar Sajan
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Orlando, FL 32801
Our mission is to restore hope, promote well-being, and cultivate harmony in the lives of our patients. In the dynamic landscape of today's society, characterized by daily stress and constant challenges, we recognize the crucial demand for a tranquil and stable environment.
Our mission is to restore hope, promote well-being, and cultivate harmony in the lives of our patients. In the dynamic landscape of today's society, characterized by daily stress and constant challenges, we recognize the crucial demand for a tranquil and stable environment.
(321) 415-0974 View (321) 415-0974
Photo of Tara Philcox, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Tara Philcox
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified
Ocoee, FL 34761
Tara is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who helps adults with addiction, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). She also provides LGBTQIA+-related care and can complete same-day initial evaluations. Tara’s modalities can include cognitive and dialectical behavioral therapies, and motivational interviewing.
Tara is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner who helps adults with addiction, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). She also provides LGBTQIA+-related care and can complete same-day initial evaluations. Tara’s modalities can include cognitive and dialectical behavioral therapies, and motivational interviewing.
(855) 937-4385 View (855) 937-4385
Photo of Shane Carswell, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Shane Carswell
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Ocoee, FL 34761
Shane is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner and family nurse practitioner with more than five years of experience. He specializes in children, adolescents, adults, and members of the LGBTQ+ community with ADHD, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and depression. Shane has a holistic approach utilizing medication management, meditation, and mindfulness. He found his passion for helping others while working as a grief counselor.
Shane is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner and family nurse practitioner with more than five years of experience. He specializes in children, adolescents, adults, and members of the LGBTQ+ community with ADHD, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and depression. Shane has a holistic approach utilizing medication management, meditation, and mindfulness. He found his passion for helping others while working as a grief counselor.
(855) 937-4385 View (855) 937-4385
Photo of Felicia Turner, APRN | Text #Enroll 503-925-6606, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Felicia Turner, APRN | Text #Enroll 503-925-6606
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP, BC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Maitland, FL 32751  (Online Only)
Schedule TODAY! Ms. Felicia envisions her ideal client as someone navigating the complexities of mental health, seeking support for conditions such as depression, anxiety, & ADHD. Her clients are individuals striving for a better quality of life, hoping to overcome personal challenges and achieve lasting mental wellness. They value a compassionate and knowledgeable professional like Ms. Felicia, who not only understands their struggles but also empowers them with personalized strategies for growth and resilience. In essence, her ideal clients are motivated individuals aiming for transformative change in their mental health journeys.
Schedule TODAY! Ms. Felicia envisions her ideal client as someone navigating the complexities of mental health, seeking support for conditions such as depression, anxiety, & ADHD. Her clients are individuals striving for a better quality of life, hoping to overcome personal challenges and achieve lasting mental wellness. They value a compassionate and knowledgeable professional like Ms. Felicia, who not only understands their struggles but also empowers them with personalized strategies for growth and resilience. In essence, her ideal clients are motivated individuals aiming for transformative change in their mental health journeys.
(503) 410-7472 View (503) 410-7472
Photo of Estherline Exume-Noel, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Estherline Exume-Noel
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, ARNP, MSN
Verified
Apopka, FL 32712  (Online Only)
Fluent in both English and Haitian Creole, Ms. Exume-Noel's linguistic skills enhance her ability to serve a diverse patient population with empathy and understanding. Her many years in nursing have seen her excel in critical care, telemetry, family practice, internal medicine, psychiatric mental health, and nursing education.
Fluent in both English and Haitian Creole, Ms. Exume-Noel's linguistic skills enhance her ability to serve a diverse patient population with empathy and understanding. Her many years in nursing have seen her excel in critical care, telemetry, family practice, internal medicine, psychiatric mental health, and nursing education.
(407) 250-9161 View (407) 250-9161
Photo of Eric Downes, Psychiatrist in Orange County, FL
Eric Downes
Psychiatrist
Verified
Ocoee, FL 34761
Eric Downes is a psychiatrist who joined LifeStance Health in August of 2019 with a focus on outpatient psychiatry. He completed his general psychiatry residency at the University of Florida. Prior to that he completed medical school at Florida Atlantic University. In his spare time he enjoys swimming, spending time with his wife, and traveling.
Eric Downes is a psychiatrist who joined LifeStance Health in August of 2019 with a focus on outpatient psychiatry. He completed his general psychiatry residency at the University of Florida. Prior to that he completed medical school at Florida Atlantic University. In his spare time he enjoys swimming, spending time with his wife, and traveling.
(321) 338-3519 View (321) 338-3519
Photo of Samantha M Azam, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Samantha M Azam
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, ARNP, FNP-BC
Verified
Orlando, FL 32828  (Online Only)
Opioid and alcohol use disorders are diseases. We at Ready4TheChange recognize with any disease, a proper diagnosis, and medical treatment is the key to a successful, and lasting change. We are currently accepting telehealth patients and can help break the dependency and minimize the symptoms of withdrawal. We can also help to keep you on a lasting opioid and/or alcohol-free path. Ready4TheChange uses only FDA-approved medications, such as Buprenorphine, Suboxone, Naltrexone, and others to help with the initial detoxing and subsequent maintenance therapy. We can also help to transition off Methadone and onto a safer medication.
Opioid and alcohol use disorders are diseases. We at Ready4TheChange recognize with any disease, a proper diagnosis, and medical treatment is the key to a successful, and lasting change. We are currently accepting telehealth patients and can help break the dependency and minimize the symptoms of withdrawal. We can also help to keep you on a lasting opioid and/or alcohol-free path. Ready4TheChange uses only FDA-approved medications, such as Buprenorphine, Suboxone, Naltrexone, and others to help with the initial detoxing and subsequent maintenance therapy. We can also help to transition off Methadone and onto a safer medication.
(407) 753-9073 View (407) 753-9073
Photo of ConscientiaMD , Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
ConscientiaMD
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, PhD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32803
Dr. Simbiat Adighije (Dr. Sim) has 13 years of experience in treating adults with PTSD, depression, anxiety, ADHD, Bipolar disorder and weight management. She practices as a Board Certified Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse Practitioner licensed in FL, TX, NY and NJ. Dr. Sim graduated Summa Cum Laude from Rutgers University with Bachelors and Masters of Science degrees in Nursing. She further received a Medical Degree and PhD in Public Health from University of Science, Arts and Technology, Montserrat (Florida campus). She believes in a personalized treatment plan for each patient be it medication therapy and/or psychotherapy.
Dr. Simbiat Adighije (Dr. Sim) has 13 years of experience in treating adults with PTSD, depression, anxiety, ADHD, Bipolar disorder and weight management. She practices as a Board Certified Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse Practitioner licensed in FL, TX, NY and NJ. Dr. Sim graduated Summa Cum Laude from Rutgers University with Bachelors and Masters of Science degrees in Nursing. She further received a Medical Degree and PhD in Public Health from University of Science, Arts and Technology, Montserrat (Florida campus). She believes in a personalized treatment plan for each patient be it medication therapy and/or psychotherapy.
(407) 305-3389 View (407) 305-3389
Photo of Marline Toussaint, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Marline Toussaint
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
Orlando, FL 32801  (Online Only)
Hello there. Welcome and nice to meet you. My name is Marline, I am a co-founder of Patient's Choice Medical and Mental Healthcare. I'm a double board certified Nurse Practitioner, with specialties in Family/Primary-Care and Psychiatric-Mental health. What does that mean?
Hello there. Welcome and nice to meet you. My name is Marline, I am a co-founder of Patient's Choice Medical and Mental Healthcare. I'm a double board certified Nurse Practitioner, with specialties in Family/Primary-Care and Psychiatric-Mental health. What does that mean?
(321) 316-5081 View (321) 316-5081
Photo of Sandra Rodríguez Dávila, Psychiatrist in Orange County, FL
Sandra Rodríguez Dávila
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
4 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32832
Dr. Sandra Rodríguez Dávila, M.D. is a Board Certified Adult and Geriatric Psychiatrist who is passionate about providing individualized, compassionate and high quality healthcare. As a private Physician, she is dedicated to building therapeutic relationships based on trust, mutual respect and medical integrity with every single patient. With 10 years of experience treating individuals suffering from a wide range of mental health issues, Dr. Rodríguez Dávila brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the Lake Nona community.
Dr. Sandra Rodríguez Dávila, M.D. is a Board Certified Adult and Geriatric Psychiatrist who is passionate about providing individualized, compassionate and high quality healthcare. As a private Physician, she is dedicated to building therapeutic relationships based on trust, mutual respect and medical integrity with every single patient. With 10 years of experience treating individuals suffering from a wide range of mental health issues, Dr. Rodríguez Dávila brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the Lake Nona community.
(321) 415-7193 View (321) 415-7193
Photo of Sharlynn Cares Psychiatry, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Sharlynn Cares Psychiatry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNP, FNP-C
Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32828  (Online Only)
Sharlynn Cares is committed to providing mental healthcare services to the youth in our communities who are most vulnerable to confronting emotional challenges. We take a holistic approach to mental wellness that can help fill the gaps in our healthcare system. A simple pill is not the only solution to psychological or emotional distress. Depression, in particular, is a treatable disease, and I whole-heartedly believe that a more faith-based and holistic approach is needed in today's society. Sharlynn Cares is here to help protect our communities’ youth.
Sharlynn Cares is committed to providing mental healthcare services to the youth in our communities who are most vulnerable to confronting emotional challenges. We take a holistic approach to mental wellness that can help fill the gaps in our healthcare system. A simple pill is not the only solution to psychological or emotional distress. Depression, in particular, is a treatable disease, and I whole-heartedly believe that a more faith-based and holistic approach is needed in today's society. Sharlynn Cares is here to help protect our communities’ youth.
(407) 378-2569 View (407) 378-2569
Photo of Schevon Pierre, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Schevon Pierre
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, RN
Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32804  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients! In Psychiatry, I learned that giving of myself, listening, caring, without judgement, was necessary to facilitate a therapeutic relationship and to help my clients heal. I have a family member who suffers with schizophrenia, so I have personal experience with the struggles of the person who suffers with mental illness. I can also empathize with the heart aches of the family who try to be supportive and often lose hope. I am grateful to be able to do what I love and make a difference in the lives of others.
Accepting New Clients! In Psychiatry, I learned that giving of myself, listening, caring, without judgement, was necessary to facilitate a therapeutic relationship and to help my clients heal. I have a family member who suffers with schizophrenia, so I have personal experience with the struggles of the person who suffers with mental illness. I can also empathize with the heart aches of the family who try to be supportive and often lose hope. I am grateful to be able to do what I love and make a difference in the lives of others.
(321) 401-6139 View (321) 401-6139
Photo of Mary Kathryn Parham, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Mary Kathryn Parham
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP, PMHNP, APRN
Verified
Orlando, FL 32803  (Online Only)
I’m a dual-board certified Family and Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner operating a private practice seeing patients via secure online video visits as a modern era house call. Trained in primary care at the University of South Carolina and in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, my board certifications are in family medicine and in general child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. My approach is to observe and listen with curiosity and optimism to the individual seeking mental health care, so that we may then have a conversation and learn how to best collaborate to secure all the good that is possible.
I’m a dual-board certified Family and Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner operating a private practice seeing patients via secure online video visits as a modern era house call. Trained in primary care at the University of South Carolina and in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, my board certifications are in family medicine and in general child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. My approach is to observe and listen with curiosity and optimism to the individual seeking mental health care, so that we may then have a conversation and learn how to best collaborate to secure all the good that is possible.
(689) 407-7440 View (689) 407-7440
Photo of Brence Brooks, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Brence Brooks
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN
Verified
1 Endorsed
Winter Garden, FL 34787  (Online Only)
Brence Brooks is a psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner, board-certified through the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2020. He received his bachelor’s degree in Nursing from the University of Louisville and his master’s degree in Nursing from Walden University. Specialty areas include medication management for major depressive disorder, bipolar I and II disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, childhood behavioral disorders, psychotic disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Brence Brooks is a psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner, board-certified through the American Nurses Credentialing Center in 2020. He received his bachelor’s degree in Nursing from the University of Louisville and his master’s degree in Nursing from Walden University. Specialty areas include medication management for major depressive disorder, bipolar I and II disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, childhood behavioral disorders, psychotic disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
(407) 891-4482 View (407) 891-4482
Photo of Dr. Joan M Burns, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Dr. Joan M Burns
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNP
Verified
Winter Park, FL 32789  (Online Only)
I provide care to patients (14 and older) with a wide range of mental health concerns, specializing in mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, as well as psychotic, neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD, and OCD. I also provide prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum psychiatric care.
I provide care to patients (14 and older) with a wide range of mental health concerns, specializing in mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, as well as psychotic, neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD, and OCD. I also provide prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum psychiatric care.
(321) 450-8172 View (321) 450-8172
Photo of Vivid Minds Mental Care, LLC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Vivid Minds Mental Care, LLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNP, FNP
Verified
11 Endorsed
Ocoee, FL 34761  (Online Only)
Vivid Minds Mental Care was founded to provide comprehensive, individualized, modern and convenient mental health care. We believe that accessibility is key to effective care and long-lasting positive outcomes; therefore, providing telepsychiatry/telehealth services with a warm touch. We pride ourselves in prioritizing our patients' time and providing comfort and privacy when our patients need it most. We stride to instill hope, insight, inspiration, and empowerment that encourages patients to embrace psychiatric care and achieve treatment outcomes through patient-provider partnerships.
Vivid Minds Mental Care was founded to provide comprehensive, individualized, modern and convenient mental health care. We believe that accessibility is key to effective care and long-lasting positive outcomes; therefore, providing telepsychiatry/telehealth services with a warm touch. We pride ourselves in prioritizing our patients' time and providing comfort and privacy when our patients need it most. We stride to instill hope, insight, inspiration, and empowerment that encourages patients to embrace psychiatric care and achieve treatment outcomes through patient-provider partnerships.
(407) 809-1098 View (407) 809-1098
Photo of Catherine Lai-Hsu, Physician Assistant in Orange County, FL
Catherine Lai-Hsu
Physician Assistant, PAC
Verified
Ocoee, FL 34761
Catherine became a physician assistant to help people and improve their quality of life.
Catherine became a physician assistant to help people and improve their quality of life.
(855) 937-4385 View (855) 937-4385
Photo of Ivy Lee, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Orange County, FL
Ivy Lee
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified
3 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32801
I am a psychiatric nurse practitioner who specializes in ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, OCD, Borderline, bipolar, etc. My sessions are judgment-free and open-minded, and I allow my patients to speak their truth without any shame/judgment
I am a psychiatric nurse practitioner who specializes in ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, OCD, Borderline, bipolar, etc. My sessions are judgment-free and open-minded, and I allow my patients to speak their truth without any shame/judgment
(689) 407-8023 View (689) 407-8023
Photo of Dr. Chenhang Zou, Psychiatrist in Orange County, FL
Dr. Chenhang Zou
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified
Orlando, FL 32801
Dr. Zou is welcoming new patients seeking specialized treatment for anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, bipolar disorder, and other psychiatric concerns. As a holistic psychiatrist, Dr. Zou draws from a wide-ranging toolbox of treatment options - including psychotherapy, psycho-education and lifestyle adaptations in addition to medication where appropriate. Consequently, patients benefit from a well-integrated approach to care that is both systematic and thorough.
Dr. Zou is welcoming new patients seeking specialized treatment for anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, bipolar disorder, and other psychiatric concerns. As a holistic psychiatrist, Dr. Zou draws from a wide-ranging toolbox of treatment options - including psychotherapy, psycho-education and lifestyle adaptations in addition to medication where appropriate. Consequently, patients benefit from a well-integrated approach to care that is both systematic and thorough.
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How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Orange County, FL

300+

Average cost per session

$195

Psychiatrists in Orange County, FL who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
96% Depression
85% Bipolar Disorder
77% Trauma and PTSD
77% Medication Management
75% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
74% ADHD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
95% Cigna and Evernorth
93% Aetna

How Psychiatrists in Orange County, FL see their clients

56% In Person and Online
44% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
27% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Orange County?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.